Bally, later Bally/Midway, later Midway Games is an American company formerly known for being a major UsefulNotes/ArcadeGame manufacturer, {{Pinball}} creator, and VideoGame publisher and developer.

The company was first founded in 1932 by Raymond Moloney as a subsidiary of Lion Manufacturing. The runaway success of Creator/{{Gottlieb}}'s ''Pinball/BaffleBall'' prompted Lion to [[FollowTheLeader get into the business,]] and Bally Manufacturing Corporation was named after their first "pin game", ''Ballyhoo''. The company had success in making arcade games, slot machines, pinballs, and even vending machines.

Founded in 1958, Midway Manufacturing Co. began as a manufacturer of [[UsefulNotes/ArcadeGame amusement equipment]], such as [[PhysicalPinballTables pinball machines]], shooting games, and puck games. Bally, meanwhile, dominated the industry in the Fifties and Sixties; by the end of the decade, after cornering the worldwide slot machine market, Bally became a publicly traded company and acquired Midway Manufacturing in 1969.

As Bally/Midway, the company continued to prosper in slot machines, mechanical arcade games, and pinballs. Through the Seventies, they formed a close alliance with Taito, and the two companies regularly licensed their games to each other. Bally/Midway also released the Bally Astrocade in 1977, an early home VideoGame system.

Bally/Midway's big VideoGame success came in 1978 with the popularity of ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders''; they followed that up by successfully distributing many of [[Creator/BandaiNamcoEntertainment Namco]]'s arcade games, such as ''VideoGame/{{Galaxian}}'', ''VideoGame/{{Galaga}}'' and ''VideoGame/PacMan''. Their biggest coup was taking a ''Pac-Man'' clone named ''Crazy Otto'' and giving it a graphical conversion to create ''Ms. Pac-Man''. For nearly a decade, Bally/Midway was the leading producer of arcade video games in the United States. They were also the second-most prolific producer of pinball machines, surpassed only by Creator/WilliamsElectronics.

The success of ''Ms. Pac-Man'', which Bally/Midway had released while waiting for Namco to finish its official sequel ''Super Pac-Man'', led Namco to add ''Ms. Pac-Man'' to their line-up of official ''Pac-Man'' games. Bally/Midway would take advantage of that success by creating more of their own ''Pac-Man'' sequels without seeking Namco's approval or input, none of which enjoyed the success of ''Ms. Pac-Man''. This led to Namco ending their relationship with Bally/Midway and working with [[Creator/{{Atari}} Atari Games]] and later establishing their own brand presence in the North American market.

With the decline of arcade gaming in the mid-80s, the company was acquired by Creator/WilliamsElectronics in 1988. For a decade, Williams/Bally/Midway continued to manufacture pinball machines under the Williams and Bally labels, reserving the Midway brand for video games. In 1998, Williams' success in lottery and slot machines eventually prompted them to spin off the video game division as Midway Games.[[note]]The Bally name would be given to several other entities, and today is most well-known for another company that makes slot machines, Bally Technologies.[[/note]]

Unfortunately, the TurnOfTheMillennium also brought bad business policies, and in 2009 Midway Games filed for bankruptcy. Their studios in UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}, Seattle and San Diego were the only three not to get shut down. The former two, along with most of the Midway back catalog (save for the licensed sports titles- for obvious reasons- and the ''Cruis'n'' series of racing games[[note]]The first five titles were either developed or published by them; subsequent games starting with ''Cruis'n Blast'' have been licensed through other companies due to [[AuthorExistenceFailure Publisher Existence Failure]].[[/note]], which is owned by Creator/{{Nintendo}}), were bought by Creator/WarnerBros, with the Chicago studio rebranded as Creator/NetherrealmStudios and the Seattle studio merged into Creator/MonolithProductions, both in 2010. The San Diego studio was purchased by Creator/{{THQ}} and rebranded THQ Digital Studio San Diego. The studio ultimately closed down in 2011.

Midway is best remembered for two types of games: Fighting games which used arcades' more advanced hardware to make brutal fighters like Franchise/MortalKombat, and in-your-face arcade-style sports games like VideoGame/NBAJam and NFLBlitz. Up until the mid-90's, they avoided the home market, instead letting Acclaim or WMS port and publish them. They began to release their games on consoles and eventually left the arcades for good in 2001.

Midway can also be considered the final incarnation of the original Atari, as they owned what became of their old arcade games division (Atari Games).
!!Some of the pinball machines manufactured by Bally (pre-Williams acquisition):
* ''Pinball/BabyPacMan''
* ''[[Pinball/CaptainFantastic Captain Fantastic and The Brown Dirt Cowboy]]''
* ''Pinball/{{Centaur}}''
* ''Pinball/DungeonsAndDragons''
* ''Pinball/EightBall'' (second-most popular pinball machine of all time)
** ''Eight Ball Deluxe''
** ''Eight Ball Champ''
* ''Pinball/{{Embryon}}''
* ''Pinball/EvelKnievel''
* ''Pinball/{{Fathom}}''
* ''Pinball/{{Fireball}}''
* ''Pinball/FlashGordon''
* ''Pinball/FutureSpa''
* ''Pinball/HarlemGlobetrottersOnTour''
* ''[[Pinball/KissBally KISS]]''
* ''Pinball/MataHari''
* ''[[Pinball/MrAndMrsPacManPinball Mr. & Mrs. Pac-Man Pinball]]''
* ''Pinball/{{Paragon}}''
* ''[[Pinball/PlayboyBally Playboy]]''
* ''Pinball/SilverballMania''
* ''Pinball/TheSixMillionDollarMan''
* ''Pinball/SpaceInvaders''
* ''Pinball/{{Spectrum}}''
* ''Pinball/SpyHunter''
* ''[[Pinball/StarTrekBally Star Trek]]''
* ''Pinball/StrangeScience''
* ''[[Pinball/{{Wizard}} Wizard!]]''
* ''Pinball/{{Xenon}}''

!!Some of the video games developed or distributed by Bally/Midway (pre-1988)
* ''VideoGame/TheAdventuresOfRobbyRoto''
* ''VideoGame/BluePrint''
* ''VideoGame/{{Bosconian}}'' (Originally made by Namco)
* ''[[VideoGame/BumpNJump Bump 'n Jump]]'' (Originally made by Data East
* ''VideoGame/BurgerTime''(Originally made by Data East)
* ''VideoGame/{{Gorf}}''
* ''VideoGame/KickMan''
* ''Ms. VideoGame/PacMan''
** ''Pac-Man Plus'' (a conversion of the original ''Pac-Man'')
** ''Jr. Pac-Man''
** ''Professor Pac-Man'' (a trivia game)
* ''VideoGame/OmegaRace''
* ''VideoGame/{{Rampage}}''
* ''VideoGame/SolarFox''
* ''VideoGame/SpyHunter''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tapper}}''
* ''{{VideoGame/TRON}}''
** ''Discs of Tron''
* ''VideoGame/WizardOfWor''
* ''Xenophobe''

!!Video games licensed, developed or published by Midway (post-1988)
* ''VideoGame/Area51FPS''
* ''[[VideoGame/BioFreaks Bio F.R.E.A.K.S.]]''
* ''Blitz: The League''
** ''NFL Blitz''
* ''VideoGame/CarnEvil''
* ''Cruis'n'' series
** ''Cruis'n USA''
** ''Cruis'n World''
** ''Cruis'n Velocity''
** ''Cruis'n Exotica''
** ''Cruis'n''[[note]]A Wii port of the Arcade tie-in game for ''Film/TheFastAndTheFurious'' but with the licensed material replaced with generic assets.[[/note]]
* ''VideoGame/{{Doom}}'' ([=PlayStation=])
** ''Doom 64''
* ''VideoGame/DrMuto''
* ''VideoGame/FreakyFlyers''
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Gauntlet}} Gauntlet Legends]]''
* ''VideoGame/TheGrimAdventuresOfBillyAndMandy''
* ''VideoGame/HydroThunder''
* ''VideoGame/KillerInstinct'' (arcade only)
* ''[[VideoGame/MaceTheDarkAge Mace: The Dark Age]]''
* ''Franchise/MortalKombat'' series
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombat1''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombat2''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombat3''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombat4''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombatDeadlyAlliance''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombatDeception''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombatArmageddon''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombatVsDCUniverse''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombatMythologiesSubZero''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombatSpecialForces''
** ''VideoGame/MortalKombatShaolinMonks''
* ''VideoGame/NBAJam''
** ''VideoGame/NBABallers''
* ''VideoGame/PsiOpsTheMindgateConspiracy''
* ''VideoGame/Ready2RumbleBoxing''
* ''VideoGame/RevolutionX''
* ''VideoGame/RiseAndFallCivilizationsAtWar''
* ''VideoGame/SanFranciscoRush''
* ''VideoGame/{{Stranglehold}}''
* ''VideoGame/TheSuffering''
* ''Wrestling/{{TNA}} Impact''
* ''VideoGame/TotalCarnage''
* ''VideoGame/{{Trog}}''
* ''VideoGame/UnrealChampionship2TheLiandriConflict''
** ''VideoGame/UnrealTournamentIII''
* ''VideoGame/WWFWrestleManiaTheArcadeGame''
* ''VideoGame/WarGods''