->''"I see that it is by no means useless to travel, if a man wants to see something new."''
-->-- '''Passepartout''' in ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''

'''Jules [[EmbarrassingMiddleName Gabriel]] Verne''' (1828-1905) was an influential 19th century French novelist who became famous for his adventure novels and SpeculativeFiction. He is widely credited as being one of the pioneers of the SpeculativeFiction genre (the others being Creator/MarkTwain, Creator/MaryShelley, Creator/EdgarAllanPoe, and Creator/HGWells). His works greatly influenced several generations of authors, and is often the basis for the modern {{Steampunk}} setting.

Jules Verne wrote about space and undersea travel before such things were possible, and many early engineers and scientists said his works greatly influenced their careers. In fact, some of his works were eerily on-target predictions of the future in many ways... [[ScienceMarchesOn some more than others, naturally]]. He is also the seldom-credited inventor of the TransformingMecha concept in the form of the ''Terror'', Robur's newest flying machine in ''Master of the World'', which can also become a sub or an armored car. Sadly, Verne being the [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness stickler for realism]] that he was, the world would have to wait another century for the Japanese to be crazy enough to come up with the idea of the now ubiquitous humanoid robot mode.

He also wrote short stories and some {{nonfiction}} works, including a seminal historical overview of famous explorers and their achievements. Intended originally as a [[MoneyDearBoy quick side project]] to pad his permanently thin wallet, it eventually grew into a compendium rivaling in size even the ''Voyages Extraordinaires'' themselves.

Jules Verne's works are [[http://jv.gilead.org.il/evans/VerneTrans%28article%29.html notorious for being poorly translated into English]], specifically by [[SmallNameBigEgo arrogant]], [[{{Bowdlerise}} censor-happy]], [[BlindIdiotTranslation blind idiots]] who [[WritersCannotDoMath can't do math]]. Beware, particularly with public domain translations. His works also suffered from ExecutiveMeddling of his friend and publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel (for instance, changing Captain Nemo's origin to an Indian fighting the English from a Pole fighting the Russians, as France was allied with Russia at the time), who generally demanded happy endings for the protagonists. You see, Verne ''wasn't'' a cheerful and spunky man by a long shot, he always was more on a brooding side, and especially in his late years, his difficult family life and declining health had led him to grow [[HumansAreBastards increasingly bitter and misanthropic]], which is evident from his later works, where he earned a ProtectionFromEditors after Hetzel died and his son (who basically grew up at Verne's home and counted him as his favorite uncle) couldn't bring himself to insist on the changes he wanted.

Another thing is that many of his posthumous works (Verne was a prolific author and there was a large backlog of unpublished novels after his death in 1905, which were published well into the RoaringTwenties) were extensively edited (up to the point of a complete rewrite) or even made from the whole cloth by his son and heir Michel Verne. Michel, while being in general a classic ''[[EnfantTerrible enfant terrible]]'', and a cause for a lot of trouble for his father, by the end of his life made up with him and become his advisor and assistant. Due to the way he was working, Verne left a lot of unfinished novels in the various states of completion, from the simple outline to the almost complete manuscript, so Michel, who inherited his father's archive, completed and reedited these drafts himself as he saw fit, so the Verne scholars to this day are still trying to separate Michel's influence from Jules' last works. Fortunately Michel was a good enough writer for this matter to be only of academic importance.

!! Works with a page on this wiki:
* ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays''
* ''Literature/TheBegumsMillions''
* ''Literature/TheCastleInTransylvania''
* ''Literature/FiveWeeksInABalloon''
* ''Literature/FromTheEarthToTheMoon'' and its sequel ''Around the Moon''
* ''Literature/InSearchOfTheCastaways'' (aka ''The Children of Captain Grant'')
* ''Literature/JourneyToTheCenterOfTheEarth''
* ''Literature/MasterOfTheWorld''
* ''Literature/MichaelStrogoff''
* ''Literature/TheMysteriousIsland''
* ''Literature/ParisInTheTwentiethCentury''
* ''Literature/RoburTheConqueror''
* ''Literature/TwentyThousandLeaguesUnderTheSea''
* ''Literature/TheSteamHouse''

!!An incomplete list of his other books:

* ''The Adventures of Captain Hatteras''
* ''An Antarctic Mystery'' a.k.a. ''The Sphinx of the Ice Fields''
* ''The Archipelago on Fire''
* ''Dick Sand, A Captain at Fifteen''
* ''Eight Hundred Leagues on the Amazon''
* ''The Flight to France''
* ''A Floating City''
* ''In The Year 2889'' (with his son Michel)
* ''Invasion of the Sea''
* ''The Lighthouse at the End of the World''
* ''Off on a Comet''
* ''Propeller Island''
* ''The Purchase of the North Pole''
* ''The Secret of Wilhelm Storitz'' (edited by his son Michel)
* ''Tribulations of a Chinaman in China''
* ''Two Years' Vacation''
* ''The Village in the Treetops''

* ''Celebrated Travels and Travellers''
* ''The Exploration of the World''
* ''The Great Explorers of the Nineteenth Century''
* ''The Great Navigators of the Eighteenth Century''
!!Verne's works without pages on this wiki contain examples of the following tropes:
* ArtisticLicenseEconomics: ''The Incredible Adventures of Barsac's Expedition'' features a highly advanced city built by the villains in some inaccessible place in uncharted African lands. The sole way to finance the construction and a giant factory building most advanced technology is a string of bank robberies in Europe. One of the characters [[LampshadeHanging lampshades]] it by saying something along the lines of "how do they got you the money to build all this? The BigBad has to be at least a billionaire."
* BlackBestFriend: In ''Dick Sand, A Captain at Fifteen'', the Black characters who aid the hero are loyal, devoted and brave fighters.
* {{Dystopia}}:
** ''Propeller Island'' is an allegorical HumansAreBastards novel, where the inhabitants of a mobile and hi-tech island utopia eventually end up in petty arguments and in-fighting, unwittingly damaging the island's drive and buoyancy mechanisms, sinking it in the process.
** The most shining example is probably his posthumous novel ''The Incredible Adventures of Barsac's Expedition'', set in the DarkestAfrica, which he started shortly before his death in 1905 and which was completed by his son from Vere's outline some 10 years later. Its bleakness is comparable to the ''Literature/ParisInTheTwentiethCentury'', though much of it probably stems from his son's touch Michel Verne was fond of writing {{Dystopia}}s.
* FanSequel: [[OlderThanTheyThink Believe it or not]], ''Literature/TheSphinxOfTheIceFields'' is this for Creator/EdgarAllanPoe's famous horror/mystery novel ''Literature/TheNarrativeOfArthurGordonPymOfNantucket''. Verne's novel had many {{Continuity Nod}}s towards Poe's and expanded on its cliffhanger, but opted for a more NothingIsScarier approach, rather than overly physical threats to the characters (e. g. the Tsalal natives seemed to have gone extinct due to a mysterious plague). Verne was a life-long fan of Poe and even tried to emulate his style in some of his fiction during various eras of his writing career.
* {{Homage}}: From his younger years Verne was well-read in the works of Creator/ETAHoffmann, and some of his own works can be seen as homages, including the novella ''Master Zacharius'' (1854) and the posthumously published ''The Secret of Wilhelm Storitz''. About the latter he wrote in his last letter to Hetzel that it was "pure Hoffmann, and Hoffmann himself would not have dared to go that far".
* RippedFromTheHeadlines: Thomas Roch in ''Facing the Flag'' is a thinly veiled caricature of the famous French chemist Eugène Turpin, who invented the use of the picric acid (trinitrophenol, a common dye and antiseptic) as a military explosive and (reportedly, though the rumors later turned out to be false) toured various governments trying to sell them his patent, after the [[ItWillNeverCatchOn French military turned uninterested]]. Verne, a nationalist at heart, disapproved of Turpin's profiteering, and presented his character in a rather unpleasant fashion. Turpin, naturally, wasn't amused and sued Verne for defamation, but lost, largely because of the effort of the Verne's attorney, Raymond Poincaré.
* ThoseTwoGuys: Craig and Fry, the two employees assigned by the American insurance company as bodyguards to watch over Kin-Fo in ''Tribulations of a Chinaman in China''. Inseparable and largely indistinguishable (they are cousins), they appear like spiritual ancestors of the [[Franchise/{{Tintin}} Thom(p)sons]], if a bit more competent.
* TractorBeam: Possibly the UrExample - ''The Meteor Hunt'', written in 1901 and published in 1908, uses such a device to bring the titular meteor down to Earth. Except that both the TractorBeam and its inventor were introduced by ''Michel'' Verne, when he reedited the novel for publication three years after his father's death.
* UndergroundCity: Occurs in ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Child_of_the_Cavern Les Indes noires]]'', which appeared in English under the titles "The Child of the Cavern, or Strange Doings Underground", "Black Diamonds'' and "[[TropeNamer The Underground City]]".
* TheWormGuy: At the time of this writing, Professor Roch in ''Facing the Flag'' is [[UrExample the earliest known example of the trope]].