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Thought Creator/{{Shakespeare}} was the biggest writer of the English Renaissance? [[SmallReferencePools Think]] [[PublicMediumIgnorance again]].

'''John Milton''' (9 December 1608 - 8 November 1674) was an English poet and pamphleteer with a turbulent relationship with his country's religion and politics. He studied at Cambridge to become a minister, but ended up [[HonorBeforeReason not taking his orders]] because of [[CorruptChurch certain fundamental disagreements with the Church]]. Having next decided to become a poet, believing poetry to be closely linked with prophecy (in the religious sense), he spent a good portion of his youth traveling across Europe, mastering different languages, and meeting prominent academics (such as Galileo, who would later be [[ShoutOut featured]] in ''Literature/ParadiseLost'').

Very soon, however, Milton heard the [[CallToAdventure call]] (or, possibly, stopped being so completely egotistic), and decided to apply himself for [[TheFettered the good of his country]]. He hung up his poet's hat and started writing [[BadassBookworm political tracts]], sometimes in service of Presbyterianism, sometimes for [[LaResistance Oliver Cromwell's Commonwealth]], sometimes about personal and touchy subjects such as [[AuthorFilibuster divorce]], but always for a propagation of free thought and overall tolerance. In 1644, he wrote an important defense of free expression, called ''Areopagitica'', which attacked censorship on philosophical and theological grounds.

Other important works of this time period - ''The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates'', ''[[WhatsUpKingDude Eikonoklastes]]'', and the two [[MyCountryRightOrWrong Defenses of the English People]] - nearly cost Milton his [[OffWithHisHead head]]. At the request of Cromwell's government, these were meant to retroactively justify the execution of Charles I on the basis that if a king acts like a tyrant towards his people, he forfeits the rights of kingship; so when [[RightfulKingReturns Charles II waltzed back into England]] and decided to kill everyone personally involved with his father's regicide, Milton was fucked. Thankfully, some heavy lobbying from [[AndrewMarvell his friends]] saved him from execution, and Milton, having learned his lesson, decided that the rest of his days should be spent [[TheLastDJ low-key]]. Returning to scribbling relatively non-incendiary poetry, he completed two heavily religious [[TheEpic epic]] [[NarrativePoem poems]] - ''Paradise Lost'' and ''Paradise Regain'd'', and the tragedy ''Samson Agonistes'' - [[WhatDoYouMeanItsNotSymbolic all written after]] [[BlindSeer he lost his sight in 1654]].

!!John Milton is responsible for:
* [[TropeNamer The word Pandemonium]]
* RedRightHand
* [[Literature/ParadiseLost Some really great fanfiction]]
* {{Satan}} as DracoInLeatherPants, although this is also the fault of [[MisaimedFandom William Blake and other Romantics]]
* Loads of GratuitousLatin
* Loads of {{Author Tract}}s

!!Works by Milton with their own trope pages include:
* ''Theatre/{{Comus}}''
* ''Literature/ParadiseLost''
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