->''"It is thanks to him that not a day goes by when someone, somewhere does not come up to me, taps me on the shoulder and says, '[[Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff Hey Ferris, is this your day off?]]'"''
-->-- '''Creator/MatthewBroderick''', Memorial Speech for Hughes at the 82nd UsefulNotes/{{Academy Awards|Ceremonies}}

John Wilden Hughes, Jr. (February 18, 1950 August 6, 2009) was an American filmmaker best known for the teen comedies he wrote and directed in the mid 1980s: ''Film/SixteenCandles'', ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'', ''Film/WeirdScience'' and ''Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff''.

He started as a writer for National Lampoon Magazine, and was one of the key developers of ''Delta House'', the TV spinoff of ''Film/AnimalHouse''. His first big successes as a screenwriter (the year before ''Sixteen Candles'') were ''Film/NationalLampoonsVacation'' and ''Film/MrMom''. (He got a rare shared screenplay (and sole story) credit for ''Film/NationalLampoonsEuropeanVacation'' when his script was rewritten by Robert Klane.) After ''Ferris Bueller'', he directed ''Film/PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles'', ''She's Having a Baby'', ''Film/UncleBuck'', and ''Film/CurlySue'', and wrote and produced ''Film/PrettyInPink'', ''Film/SomeKindOfWonderful'', ''Film/NationalLampoonsChristmasVacation'', and the first three ''Film/HomeAlone'' movies. (He also produced ''Only The Lonely'' for writer-director (and ''Home Alone'' (and its sequel) director) Creator/ChrisColumbus, one of only two films he produced that he didn't write - the other was ''New Port South'', written and directed by his son James.)

During the 1990s, he somehow ended up writing and producing a string of more family-oriented comedies, including the live-action versions of ''Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'' and ''Film/DennisTheMenace'', and the remake of ''Film/MiracleOnThirtyFourthStreet''. Experiencing a severe case of ArtistDisillusionment after the death of his friend, actor Creator/JohnCandy, in 1994, he would become a [[ReclusiveArtist recluse]], and the rest of his screenplays would be written under the pseudonym [[Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo Edmond Dantes]] (also used for 1992's ''Film/{{Beethoven}}''). His last film was the 2008 comedy ''Film/DrillbitTaylor''. He died of a sudden heart attack in 2009.
!!Teen Films (starring 5 members of the BratPack)
* ''Film/SixteenCandles'' (1984) wrote and directed
* ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'' (1985) wrote, directed and produced
* ''Film/WeirdScience'' (1985) wrote and directed
* ''Film/PrettyInPink'' (1986) wrote and produced

!! Teen Films without the BratPack
* ''Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff'' (1986) wrote, directed and produced
* ''Film/SomeKindOfWonderful'' (1987) wrote and produced

!! Films featuring Creator/JohnCandy
* ''Film/PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles'' (1987) wrote, directed and produced
* ''Film/TheGreatOutdoors'' (1988) wrote and produced
* ''Film/UncleBuck'' (1989) wrote, directed and produced
* ''Film/HomeAlone'' (1990) wrote and produced
* ''Career Opportunities'' (1991) wrote and produced
* ''Only The Lonely'' (1991) produced only

!! Other Films
* ''Film/NateAndHayes'' (1983) wrote
* ''She's Having A Baby'' (1988) wrote, directed and produced
* ''Film/{{Dutch}}'' (1991) wrote
* ''Film/CurlySue'' (1991) wrote, directed and produced
* ''Film/{{Beethoven}}'' (1992) wrote (under his Edmund Dantes pseudonym)
* ''Film/DennisTheMenace'' (1993) wrote and produced
* ''Film/BabysDayOut'' (1994) wrote and produced
* ''Film/MiracleOnThirtyFourthStreet'' (1994) wrote and produced
* ''Film/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'' (1996) wrote and produced
* ''Film/{{Flubber}}'' (1997) wrote and produced
* ''Reach The Rock'' (1998) wrote and produced
* ''Film/JustVisiting'' (2001) wrote
* ''New Port South'' (2001) produced only
* ''Film/MaidInManhattan'' (2002) story (under his Edmund Dantes pseudonym)
* ''Film/DrillbitTaylor'' (2008) story and character (under his Edmund Dantes pseudonym)

!!His films (those few that don't already have pages of their own) provide examples of:
* AdultsAreUseless
** In a couple of his movies, the bad guys are people who take "just doing their job" too far.
** Parents are usually depicted as well-meaning, but generally out-of-touch and ignorant.
** This is played with in ''Ferris Bueller's Day Off'', where, yes, the adults are easily fooled and/or moronic...but the kids are easily fooled, too.
** ''The Breakfast Club'' hit this one in a somewhat dark way. Not only are there no positive adult characters in the movie (save Carl the janitor), almost all of them are downright cruel and abusive. That attitude is summed up pretty well in Allison's line, "When you grow up, your heart dies."
* AlanSmithee: Went under the name Edmund Dantes at least three times.
* AllThereInTheManual: Hughes apparently spent several years putting together a detailed history for the Shermer universe of his films (see below), but his stories and notes have never been released. A lot of it wouldn't match up, anyhow (see TheVerse below).
* AntiHero: A lot of his characters tend to be these, ranging from the [[ButtMonkey put-upon]], [[TheSnarkKnight cynical]] [[Film/SixteenCandles Samantha Baker]] to [[SociopathicHero bad boy]] [[Film/TheBreakfastClub John Bender]].
* TheAntiNihilist: Seems to be a running philosophy in his films, but he's been known to toy with idealism, morality, and the human condition in general.
* AuthorAppeal: Fine art, indie music, Music/TheBeatles, and UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}.
* AuthorAvatar: Anthony Michael Hall's characters in his films are based on him.
* BadCopIncompetentCop: Parents, authority figures, and institutions are portrayed as hopelessly bumbling at best or at worst, actively malicious and corrupt.
* BlackComedy: Sometimes, and it's '''black'''. The most notorious instance is Brian's confession in ''The Breakfast Club''.
* Creator/BratPack: He wrote and/or directed the most famous movies that the Brat Pack starred in.
* ButtMonkey: Great at writing these, with Neal Page and Clark Griswold as his two biggest.
* UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}: The suburbs of Chicago, actually.
* CrapsackWorld: His movies are frequently set in one. They're packed to the brim with {{Hate Sink}}s, {{Butt Monkey}}s and lots of angst.
* CreatorProvincialism: A John Hughes movie that doesn't take place in UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}? Preposterous!
* DeanBitterman: Hughes explored this trope twice. In both cases, the principal takes administration a little ''too'' far, and becomes needlessly vindictive in dealing with a student.
** Principal Vernon from ''The Breakfast Club'' is the dramatic version of this trope. At his worst, he tells Bender to punch him, because who's going to believe a useless punk over a respected principal?
** Principal Rooney from ''Ferris Bueller's Day Off'' is the same thing, except played for comedy. Every time he oversteps the proper boundaries, he suffers a HumiliationConga.
** The Assistant Principal from ''Film/UncleBuck'' is a female example that works in an Elementary school. She is hard on the children and dislikes "silliness" and imagination. She gets called out by [[PapaWolf the titular character]].
* TheEighties: Most of his best-known and best-liked films were made this decade, making a few of them {{Unintentional Period Piece}}s.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: Some of his earliest films (from before the PG-13 rating was introduced) managed to sneak by with a PG rating, even though their content should obviously have been rated R.
* HumansAreFlawed / HumansAreBastards: The latter can qualify for some of the antagonists in his films. His protagonists are more flawed than outright bastardly.
* KnightTemplar: Dick Vernon from ''The Breakfast Club'' qualifies.
* MonochromeCasting: Virtually none of his movies had a non-white lead. Justified, since most of his stories took place in American suburbia, which was still not quite integrated when he began writing.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Much like Creator/StanleyKubrick or Creator/TheCoenBrothers, his films are usually firmly planted on the cynical side of the scale, to the point that some viewers have interpreted vaguely misanthrophic or nihilistic sentiments. Despite that, his films are usually feel-good or heartfelt.
* SocietyMarchesOn: Looked at objectively and from current standards, Ducky from ''Pretty In Pink'' is a real ''creep'', not to mention the dean of students turning a blind eye at what he believes to be father-daughter incest in ''Ferris Bueller's Day Off''.
** Most of his movies tend to be looked at in a more modern critical eye than how it was looked at back then. Just look at the Alternate Character Interpretation concerning the cast of The Breakfast Club.
* SomethingCompletelyDifferent: ''Weird Science'' is the odd man out among the teen pics, being much more fantasy-based and a little cruder in its humor than the others.
* TheStinger
* TheVerse: In a 1999 ''Premiere'' [[https://web.archive.org/web/20151002133031/http://home.comcast.net/~aimsters4/bclub.html article]], Hughes himself declared that ''Film/SixteenCandles'', ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'', ''Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff'', and ''Film/PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles'' are all a part of the same universe. Sadly, the crossover possibilities were never explored in film.
--> '''[[WordOfGod John Hughes]]:''' When I started making movies, I thought I would just invent a town where everything happened. Everybody, in all of my movies, is from Shermer, Illinois. Del Griffith from ''Planes, Trains & Automobiles'' lives two doors down from John Bender. Ferris Bueller knew Samantha Baker from ''Sixteen Candles''. For 15 years I've written my Shermer stories in prose, [[AllThereInTheManual collecting its history]].
** It's long been speculated that ''Film/PrettyInPink'', ''Film/SomeKindOfWonderful'', and ''Film/HomeAlone'' also take place in the Shermerverse, since those movies were written (but not directed) by Hughes and feature similar themes. Adding on to that, there is mixed evidence that ''Film/UncleBuck'' and ''Film/CurlySue'' (both directed by Hughes) might take place in the Shermerverse, but this hasn't been confirmed.
** ''Film/WeirdScience'' explicitly takes place in Shermer (Lisa is seen teaching the Shermer High gym class at the end), though it has its own SpeculativeFiction internal logic that is inconsistent with the other canon Shermerverse movies.
** ''She's Having A Baby'' does NOT take place in the Shermerverse, since Neal Page's wife is seen watching that movie on television in ''Film/PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles''.
* UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist: Some of his films have them, [[AlternativeCharacterInterpretation depending on who you ask.]]