->It is thanks to him that not a day goes by when someone, somewhere does not come up to me, taps me on the shoulder and says, "[[Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff Hey Ferris]], [[NeverHeardThatOneBefore is this your day off?]]"
-->-- '''Matthew Broderick''', ''Memorial Speech for Hughes at the 82nd {{Academy Award}}s''

John Hughes (February 18, 1950 -- August 6, 2009) was an American filmmaker best known for the teen comedies he wrote and directed in the mid 1980s: ''Film/SixteenCandles'', ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'', ''Film/WeirdScience'' and ''Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff''.

He started as a writer for National Lampoon Magazine, and was one of the key developers of ''Delta House'', the TV spinoff of ''Film/AnimalHouse''. His first big successes as a screenwriter (the year before ''Sixteen Candles'') were ''Film/NationalLampoonsVacation'' and ''Film/MrMom''. (He got a rare shared screenplay (and sole story) credit for ''National Lampoon's European Vacation'' when his script was rewritten by Robert Klane.) After ''Ferris Bueller'', he directed ''Film/PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles'', ''She's Having a Baby'', ''Film/UncleBuck'', and ''Film/CurlySue'', and wrote and produced ''Film/PrettyInPink'', ''Film/SomeKindOfWonderful'', the ''Lampoon's Vacation'' sequel entitled ''Christmas Vacation'', and the first three ''Film/HomeAlone'' movies. (He also produced ''Only The Lonely'' for writer-director (and ''Home Alone'' (and its sequel) director) Creator/ChrisColumbus, one of only two films he produced that he didn't write - the other was ''New Port South'', written and directed by his son James.)

During the 1990s, he somehow ended up writing and producing a string of more family-oriented comedies, including the live-action versions of ''Disney/OneHundredAndOneDalmatians'' and ''Film/DennisTheMenace'', and the remake of ''Film/MiracleOnThirtyFourthStreet''. In the following decade he would become a [[ReclusiveArtist recluse]], and the rest of his screenplays would be written under the pseudonym [[Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo Edmond Dantes]] (also used for 1992's ''Film/{{Beethoven}}''). His last film was the Owen Wilson comedy ''DrillbitTaylor''.
!!Films he directed include:
* ''Film/SixteenCandles'' (1984)
* ''Film/TheBreakfastClub'' (1985)
* ''Film/WeirdScience'' (1985)
* ''Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff'' (1986)
* ''Film/PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles'' (1987)
* ''She's Having A Baby'' (1988)
* ''Film/UncleBuck'' (1989)
* ''Film/CurlySue'' (1991) - this was his final film as a director.

!!His films (those few that don't already have pages of their own) provide examples of:
* AdultsAreUseless
** In a couple of his movies, the bad guys are people who take "just doing their job" too far.
** Parents are usually depicted as well-meaning, but generally out-of-touch and ignorant.
** This is played with in ''Ferris Bueller's Day Off'', where, yes, the adults are easily fooled and/or moronic...but the kids are easily fooled, too.
** ''The Breakfast Club'' hit this one in a somewhat dark way. Not only are there no positive adult characters in the movie (save Carl the janitor), almost all of them are downright cruel and abusive. That attitude is summed up pretty well in Allison's line, "When you grow up, your heart dies."
* AllThereInTheManual: Hughes apparently spent several years putting together a detailed history for the Shermer universe of his films (see below), but his stories and notes have never been released. A lot of it wouldn't match up, anyhow (see TheVerse below).
* AuthorAppeal: Fine art, indie music and UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}.
* Creator/BratPack: He wrote and/or directed the most famous movies that the Brat Pack starred in.
* UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}: The suburbs of Chicago, actually.
* CreatorProvincialism: A John Hughes movie that doesn't take place in UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}? Preposterous!
* DeanBitterman: Hughes explored this trope twice. In both cases, the principal takes administration a little ''too'' far, and becomes needlessly vindictive in dealing with a student.
** Principal Vernon from ''The Breakfast Club'' is the dramatic version of this trope. At his worst, he tells Bender to punch him, because who's going to believe a useless punk over a respected principal?
** Principal Rooney from ''Ferris Bueller's Day Off'' is the same thing, except played for comedy. Every time he oversteps the proper boundaries, he suffers a HumiliationConga.
* TheEighties: Most of his best-known and best-liked films were made this decade, making a few of them {{Unintentional Period Piece}}s.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: Some of his earliest films (from before the PG-13 rating was introduced) managed to sneak by with a PG rating, even though their content should obviously have been rated R.
* MonochromeCasting: Virtually none of his movies had a non-white lead. Justified, since most of his stories took place in American suburbia, which was still not quite integrated when he began writing.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Firmly on the idealistic side, but oddly enough, some viewers have gotten almost nihilistic vibes from his films.
* SocietyMarchesOn: Looked at objectively and from current standards, Ducky from ''Pretty In Pink'' is a real ''creep'', not to mention the dean of students turning a blind eye at what he believes to be father-daughter incest in ''Ferris Bueller's Day Off''.
* SomethingCompletelyDifferent: ''Weird Science'' is the odd man out among the teen pics, being much more fantasy-based and a little cruder in its humor than the others.
* TheStinger
* TheVerse: In a 1999 ''Premiere'' [[http://home.comcast.net/~aimsters4/bclub.html article]], Hughes himself declared that ''SixteenCandles'', ''TheBreakfastClub'', ''Film/FerrisBuellersDayOff'', and ''PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles'' are all a part of the same universe. Sadly, the crossover possibilities were never explored in film.
--> '''[[WordOfGod John Hughes]]:''' When I started making movies, I thought I would just invent a town where everything happened. Everybody, in all of my movies, is from Shermer, Illinois. Del Griffith from ''Planes, Trains & Automobiles'' lives two doors down from John Bender. Ferris Bueller knew Samantha Baker from ''Sixteen Candles''. For 15 years I've written my Shermer stories in prose, [[AllThereInTheManual collecting its history]].
** It's long been speculated that ''Film/PrettyInPink'', ''Film/SomeKindOfWonderful'', and ''Film/HomeAlone'' also take place in the Shermerverse, since those movies were written (but not directed) by Hughes and feature similar themes. Adding on to that, there is mixed evidence that ''Film/UncleBuck'' and ''Film/CurlySue'' (both directed by Hughes) might take place in the Shermerverse, but this hasn't been confirmed.
** ''Film/WeirdScience'' explicitly takes place in Shermer (Lisa is seen teaching the Shermer High gym class at the end), though it has its own SpeculativeFiction internal logic that is inconsistent with the other canon Shermerverse movies.
** ''She's Having A Baby'' does NOT take place in the Shermerverse, since Neal Page's wife is seen watching that movie on television in ''PlanesTrainsAndAutomobiles''.