James Roberto Jarmusch (born January 22, 1953) is an American arthouse film writer, director and actor. He is best known for directing Creator/JohnnyDepp in ''Film/DeadMan'', but it's hardly his only film.

His work tends to be very existential, examining questions of the purpose of life - and never, ever, answering them. He tends to favour long, slow takes, and pays such attention to the scores of his works that they're practically characters. He's also done some acting, notably as the Frostee Cream Boy in ''Film/SlingBlade'' and the car dealer in ''LeningradCowboysGoAmerica''. He also played Raoul Duke / Creator/HunterSThompson in a radio play version of ''Literature/FearAndLoathingInLasVegas'' and appeared [[AsHimself as himself]] on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' and ''Series/BoredToDeath''.

!!His filmography as a director includes:
* ''Film/PermanentVacation'' (1980)
* ''Film/StrangerThanParadise'' (1984)
* ''Film/DownByLaw'' (1986)
* ''Film/MysteryTrain'' (1989)
* ''Film/NightOnEarth'' (1991)
* ''Film/DeadMan'' (1995)
* ''[[Music/NeilYoung Year of the Horse]]'' (1997)
* ''Film/GhostDogTheWayOfTheSamurai'' (1999)
* ''Film/CoffeeAndCigarettes'' (2003)
* ''Film/BrokenFlowers'' (2005)
* ''Film/TheLimitsOfControl'' (2009)
* ''Film/OnlyLoversLeftAlive'' (2013)
* ''Film/{{Paterson}}'' (2016)
* ''[[Music/TheStooges Gimmie Danger]]'' (2016)

!!Tropes pertaining to the man and his oeuvre:
* AcclaimedFlop: ''All'' of his movies have bombed (with the exception of ''Ghost Dog'' and ''Broken Flowers'') yet he is praised to high heaven with each one. [[Film/TheLimitsOfControl Mostly.]]
* CoolOldGuy: As his appearances on ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' and ''Series/BoredToDeath'' can tell you.
* DeliberatelyMonochrome: Several of his films are in black and white.
* DoingItForTheArt: For example, it took him ''seven years'' to get funding for ''Only Lovers Left Alive''.
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: While in college as a student of Creator/NicholasRay, he wrote a script that was criticized by the latter for not having enough action. Jarmusch went back and promptly rewrote the script so that it contained even '''less''' action than before. Ray, impressed by his student's disobedience, hired him as his assistant.
* GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff: While he has a cult following here in the states, he's absolutely adored in Japan and Europe. Along with his movies doing better business there, major Japanese conglomerate JVC funded all his films from ''Mystery Train'' to ''Ghost Dog''.
* {{Minimalism}}: His films are generally considered to be cinematic versions of this style.
* TheOner
* PlayingAgainstType: ''Broken Flowers'', while still keeping some of his pet themes, albeit in a one-off scene, can be identified as a Romantic Dramedy in the vein of the Creator/CoenBrothers.
* PopStarComposer: He's worked with John Lurie, Music/NeilYoung, [[Music/WuTangClan The RZA]], and Music/{{Boris}}.
* ProductionPosse: There's editor Jay Rabinowitz, Creator/TildaSwinton, John Lurie and Creator/JohnHurt
* SceneryPorn: All of his films have gorgeous shots in them. Taken UpToEleven with ''The Limits of Control''. And if you like swamps, ''Down By Law'' is the movie for you.
* SignatureStyle: Stark, beautiful images, along with a minimalist style, dry, offbeat humor, cultural mixing and the concept of outsider(s) in America.