'''Jane Austen''' (1775-1817) was an English author who lived in the late 18th/early 19th century and wrote six novels between 1790 and 1817 before dying at the age of 41. Her books were published anonymously during her lifetime, but she is now one of the most famous authors in the English language.

Her novels are wildly sarcastic in nature, and all follow a similar formula: gentlewoman sooner or later falls in love with man but can't marry him because he's engaged to someone else/he's in love with someone else/etc. Often there are cads to tempt her as well, but ultimately she ends up with the good guy who won't steal all her money or abandon her somewhere. There's far more variety among her heroines in terms of personality, though. She specialized in two types: the lively, witty, restless heroine who never fears to speak her mind ([[Literature/PrideAndPrejudice Elizabeth Bennet]], [[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Marianne Dashwood]], [[Literature/{{Emma}} Emma Woodhouse]]); and the quiet, StoicWoobie who rarely if ever speaks her mind since everyone misjudges her anyway ([[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Elinor Dashwood]], [[Literature/MansfieldPark Fanny Price]], [[Literature/{{Persuasion}} Anne Elliot]]).

Austen is well-known for her wit, satire, and proto-feminism; serious critics consider her to be the equal of Cervantes, Milton, and Shakespeare. Virginia Woolf called her the first truly great female author, and the first good English author to have a distinctly feminine writing style. Rex Stout considered her the greatest English writer ever -- yes, even above Shakespeare. Heady praise from a man who claimed to have previously believed that men did everything better than women.

Jane Austen also has the distinction of being one of the few classic authors beloved by both the academy (her novels are a popular choice for SchoolStudyMedia) and popular culture, thanks to the devoted Austen fan community who call themselves "Janeites." Her novels are also frequently adapted into films, especially ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'' and ''Literature/{{Emma}}'' (which was also the inspiration for ''Film/{{Clueless}}'').

She ended at #70 in ''Series/OneHundredGreatestBritons''.


[[folder: The novels, in order of publication: ]]

* ''Literature/SenseAndSensibility''
* ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice''
* ''Literature/MansfieldPark''
* ''Literature/{{Emma}}''
* ''Literature/NorthangerAbbey''
* ''Literature/{{Persuasion}}''
* ''Literature/LadySusan'' - an early EpistolaryNovel published by her nephew in 1871
* ''Literature/LoveAndFreindship'' (novella) - a posthumously published parody of contemporary {{romance novel}}s.

''Persuasion'' was published posthumously by her brother in a volume along with ''Northanger Abbey'', although the latter was actually the first she completed (Jane herself often wondered why its initial publisher paid for the book and then didn't publish it). There's also lots of juvenalia that she probably didn't expect anyone to read (outside her closest family), let alone publish, and two unfinished novels called ''The Watsons'', which she abandoned in the wake of her father's death, and ''Sanditon'', left [[AuthorExistenceFailure unfinished by her own death]].


[[folder: Appearances in other media: ]]

* [[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/austencomics_8446.png This]] HarkAVagrant comic.
* The film ''Becoming Jane'' is loosely based on her life.
* TV movie ''Miss Austen Regrets'' portrays her later years.
* She's in Hell in ''Radio/OldHarrysGame''.
* She appears in ''VideoGame/SaintsRowIV'', of all games, [[spoiler:as the narrator]]. Both [[PlayerCharacter the Boss]] and [[BigBad Zinyak]] are also stated to be [[WickedCultured fans of hers]].
* From 2017, she will appear on the UK 10 banknote, replacing UsefulNotes/CharlesDarwin.
!!Her novels provide examples of:
* AccompliceByInaction: Unless the trope is PlayedForLaughs to highlight the irrationality of the blamer (Mac Donald being blamed by Laura for "not giving a sigh" in her Juvenilia is a prime example), the character victim of this is never too easy to sympathize with in this matter. She seemed to draw a clear line between ignorance and BystanderSyndrome.
** As for ''everyone'' except Catherine Vernon in ''Literature/LadySusan'', they let the VillainProtagonist hurt and abuse her poor woobtastic daughter, because they are blinded by the mother's charm and filmsy justification, being subjects of her manipulation and sometimes even her UnwittingPawn...[[spoiler: They are mostly forgiven by Frederica and Catherine in the end]].
** John Dashwood from her work ''Literature/SenseAndSensibility'' lets his wife walk on his sisters without doing anything, never opposes insults made to them, and never helps them financially. His family despises him for it.
** In the unfinished ''The Watsons'', the eldest brother Robert lets his sisters live in relative poverty, except the one he invites home.
** ''Literature/MansfieldPark'' has Edmund, who, despite being a NiceGuy, stands up to Fanny only when his fling Mary Crawford is not concerned. Mary herself is a more clear-cut example, since her answer to her brother's tentative of attracting Fanny's affection to leave her sighing and depressed like her cousins is basically a cross between ThatMakesMeFeelAngry and "whatever, anyway I told you so and it's not my business.
* ArrangedMarriage: As an obstacle to be overcome.
* BettyAndVeronica: The heroine always has one of each (except Elinor Dashwood in ''Literature/SenseAndSensibility'', but Marianne still qualifies). As one of Austen's major themes is "bad boys will not change for a girl," she will always choose the Betty. Don't worry about this being a spoiler, though; Austen usually tries to deceive the readers for a while about which love interest is the more "amiable" one. A few of her books also give this dilemma to a male character.
* TheCasanova: A standard Austen antagonist.
* CharacterDevelopment: In addition to heroines like [[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Marianne Dashwood]], [[Literature/PrideAndPrejudice Elizabeth Bennet]], and [[Literature/NorthangerAbbey Catherine Morland]] growing up and changing some of her underlying views about the world and herself, each heroine's significant other usually needs to change before they can live HappilyEverAfter -- [[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Edward Ferrars]] needs to grow a spine and stand up to MyBelovedSmother (which he does), [[Literature/MansfieldPark Edmund Bertram]] needs to grow a brain and stop being duped by TheVamp (which he does), and [[Literature/PrideAndPrejudice Mr. Darcy]] needs to stop being such a brooding loner and start being a gentleman (which... [[ValuesDissonance doesn't matter to modern female readers anyway]]).
* ClingyJealousGirl
* ConversationalTroping
* DaddysGirl
* DancesAndBalls
* DeadpanSnarker: Her narrative persona as well as many characters.
** [[PrideAndPrejudice P&P's]] famous "A truth universally acknowledged" opening line being a prime example.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: In ''Film/TheJaneAustenBookClub'', the characters all participate in storylines which deliberately call back to one of her novels - sometimes with bonus crossover craziness as well!
* DoubleInLawMarriage
* DracoInLeatherPants: An in-universe example with Sir Edward Denham in ''Sanditon'':
-->With a perversity of judgement, which must be attributed to his not having by Nature a very strong head, the Graces, the Spirit, the Sagacity, and the Perseverance, of the Villain of the Story outweighed all his absurdities and all his Atrocities with Sir Edward. With him, such Conduct was Genius, Fire and Feeling. It interested and inflamed him; and he was always more anxious for its Success and mourned over its Discomfitures with more Tenderness than could ever have been contemplated by the Authors.
* FanCommunityNicknames: "Janeites".
* FirstLove:
** An important element in the novels of Jane Austen, who often uses the FirstLove trope often under the role of WrongGuyFirst:
*** In ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'', Lizzy is infatuated with Wickham before she eventually realizes that he is not a decent person and that Darcy, a man she scorned, is a true gentleman. The concept of the first love is also humorously undermined when Mr. Collins rapidly transfers his affections from Jane to Lizzy to Charlotte Lucas.
*** In ''Literature/SenseAndSensibility'', Marianne has to move past Willoughby before appreciating the worth of Colonel Brandon. Prior to the story beginning, Edward Ferrars has imprudently gotten engaged to Lucy Steele, which prevents him from courting Elinor.
** Austen also has a few examples of FirstLove turning out right:
*** In ''Literature/{{Persuasion}}'', Anne's early romance with Captain Wentworth had been scuttled by her family, but she never forgot him. Their paths cross again years later and she has to watch him court others before eventually winning him back.
*** In ''Literature/{{Emma}}'', Emma thinks she's in love with Frank Churchill, but when she discovers her true feelings for another she realises she never really loved Frank. Meanwhile, she persuades Harriet that her first love wasn't good enough for her, so Harriet sets her sights on various unattainable men before gratefully accepting her first love's proposal again.
*** In ''Literature/MansfieldPark'', Edmund has to get burned by Mary Crawford before he recognises Fanny's worth and Fanny is almost tempted away from Edmund, her first love, by Mary's brother Henry.
* ForegoneConclusion: The lovers ''will'' get together and live HappilyEverAfter. The question is, how? (And as shown above, which lovers?)
* TheFriendsWhoNeverHang: ''Literature/MansfieldPark'' is the only Jane Austen novel to contain scene where two male characters are alone together without a woman present -- Sir Thomas and his son Tom discuss Tom's debts, and later, Sir Thomas and his younger son Edmund talk about the [[WildTeenParty theatre plans]]. Austen didn't want to speculate on how men behaved on their own.
* GenreAdultery: ''Mansfield Park'' -- Janeites who pick up this somber tale of psychological abuse, adultery, and family dysfunction that are definitely ''not'' played for laughs might think they picked up a Creator/CharlotteBronte novel by mistake.
* TheGloriousWarOfSisterlyRivalry: Perhaps most evident in her unfinished novel ''The Watsons,'' but seen at times in the others as well.
* GoldDigger: Common in her fiction: often male, often subtle enough that modern readers might not even notice.
* GossipyHens: Sometimes portrayed sympathetically.
* {{Greed}}
* HappilyMarried: Usually there is at least one happy couple in each novel to provide a good role model for the young heroine. It's also a trademark of Jane Austen's Foregone Conclusion: all her heroines end up with the right guy and the life promises nothing but a sweet life. They never fall into SickeningSweethearts category.
* TheHedonist
* HiddenDepths: First impressions are wrong more often than not.
* HistoricalBeautyUpdate: She's played by Anne Hathaway in ''Becoming Jane''.
** Inverted in ''Radio/OldHarrysGame''.
* HypocriticalHumor
* IGaveMyWord: Engagements are a serious promise. Jilting someone is becoming TheOathBreaker.
* InheritedIlliteracyTitle: ''Literature/LoveAndFreindship'', a slightly odd example in that the "illiteracy" is Austen's, kept by editors because it's thought to be charming. Hey, she was only fourteen when she wrote it. See also the "Rouge Angles Of Satin" entry below.
** Also, the "I before E" rule was a bit looser back in the day.
* LemonyNarrator
* LiteraryMashUps: As of Sept. 2010, every one of her novels except ''Literature/{{Persuasion}}'' has [[FollowTheLeader followed the lead]] of ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudiceAndZombies''.
* LoveDodecahedron
* LoveTriangle
* MarryForLove: Most, if not all, of her protagonists have a desire to do this.
* MassiveNumberedSiblings: Catherine Morland, Elizabeth Bennet, and Fanny Price have them, as do Emma Woodhouse's nieces and nephews, and Charlotte Heywood in ''Sanditon''.
* MissingMom: A common, though not universal, feature of an Austen heroine. In ''Literature/PrideAndPrejudice'', Lizzy and Jane's mother, Mrs. Bennet, is a model of selfish impropriety (despite her legitimately insecure circumstances); ''Literature/MansfieldPark'' shows Mrs. Price and Lady Bertram as manifestly incompetent; and Lady Elliot from ''Literature/{{Persuasion}}'' and Mrs. Woodhouse from ''Literature/{{Emma}}'' are both dead.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone:
** Part of her SignatureStyle is the great disillusionment characters suffer regarding some part of their worldview or conduct. Creator/CSLewis saw this trope as the key to her works.
** The major exception to this trope is [[Literature/{{Persuasion}} Anne Elliot]], who exchanges it for IRegretNothing by the end of her story. The change is logical enough, as this trope sums up her inner monologue, more or less, for the first nearly-all of the novel. [[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Elinor Dashwood]] also seems to be an exception, though since her novel has dual heroines, one who fits and one who doesn't, the exception isn't as obvious as Anne Elliot.
* NoAccountingForTaste: Several of the marriages portrayed in her novels are not particularly happy. The narrator observes that it's all too often [[TruthInTelevision Truth in Fiction]]. Justified as once you got married in Regency England, there was no turning back.
* TheNounAndTheNoun: ''Pride and Prejudice'' and ''Sense and Sensibility''
* OneSteveLimit: Averted, she reuses several names over the course of her novels, sometimes within the same book.
** Alicia Johnson (''Lady Susan'') and Lady Alicia (''Persuasion'')
** Anne Mitchell, Anne Thorpe (''Northanger Abbey''), Anne "Nancy" Steele, Anna-Maria Middleton (''Sense and Sensibility''), Anne de Bourgh, her namesake Anne Darcy, (''Pride and Prejudice''), Anne Taylor and her daughter (''Emma''), and Anne Elliot {''Persuasion'').
** Arthur Otway (''Emma'') and Arthur Parker {''Sanditon''}.
** Augusta Watson (''The Watsons''), Augusta Sneyd (''Mansfield Park''), and Augusta Hawkins (''Emma'').
** Caroline Bingley (''Pride and Prejudice'') and Caroline Otway (''Emma'').
** Catherine Morland (''Northanger Abbey''), Catherine Vernon (''Lady Susan''), Catherine "Kitty" Bennet, and Lady Catherine de Bourgh (''Pride and Prejudice'').
** Charlotte Davis, Charles Hodges (''Northanger Abbey''), Charles Smith, Charles Vernon (''Lady Susan''), Charlotte Palmer (''Sense and Sensibility''), Charles Bingley, Charlotte Lucas (''Pride and Prejudice''), Charles the servant, Sir Charles, Charles Anderson, Charles Maddox, Charles Price (''Mansfield Park''), Charles Hayter, the three Charles Musgroves, Charles Smith (''Persuasion''), Charles Dupuis, and Charlotte Heywood (''Sanditon'').
** Clara Partridge (''Emma'') and Clara Brereton (''Sanditon'').
** Edward Thorpe (''Northanger Abbey''), Edward Ferrars (''Sense and Sensibility''), Edward Gardiner (''Pride and Prejudice''), Edward Wentworth (''Persuasion''), and Edward Denham (''Sanditon'').
** Eleanor Tilney (''Northanger Abbey'') and Elinor Dashwood (''Sense and Sensibility'').
** Elizabeth Watson (''The Watsons''), Betty the maid, Eliza Williams, Eliza Williams Jr. (''Sense and Sensibility''), Elizabeth "Eliza" "Lizzy" Bennet (''Pride and Prejudice''), Betsy Price (''Mansfield Park''), and Elizabeth Elliot (''Persuasion'').
** Emma Watson (''The Watsons''), Emma Woodhouse, and Emma's niece Emma Knightley (''Emma'').
** Fanny Carr (''The Watsons''), Fanny Brandon, Fanny Dashwood (''Sense and Sensibility''), Frances Price and her daughter Fanny Price (''Mansfield Park''), Fanny Harville (''Emma''), and Fanny Noyce (''Sanditon'').
** Frederick Tilney (''Northanger Abbey''), Frederica Susanna Vernon (''Lady Susan''), and Frederick Wentworth (''Persuasion'').
** George Morland, George Parry (''Northanger Abbey''), Georgiana Darcy, George Wickham (''Pride and Prejudice''), George Knightley and his nephew George Knightly, and George Otway (''Emma'').
** Harriet Morland (''Northanger Abbey''), Harriet Forster, Harriet Harrington (''Pride and Prejudice''), and Harriet Smith (''Emma'').
** Henry Tilney (''Northanger Abbey''), Henry Dashwood and his son Harry Dashwood (''Sense and Sensibility''), Sir Henry, Henry Crawford (''Mansfield Park''), Harry, Hetty Bates, Henry Knightly, Henry Woodhouse (''Emma''), Henrietta Musgrove, Harry Musgrove, and Henry Russell (''Persuasion'').
* OnlySaneMan: Either the heroine, or the heroine and her significant other -- hence, the mutual attraction. The exception is ''Emma'', where the heroine herself is wackier than most of her neighbors, leaving this role to Mr. Knightley.
* ParentalFavoritism
* ParentalMarriageVeto
* {{Pride}}
* RegencyEngland
* RichBitch: There's one in most of the novels, but of particular note is ''Emma'', where she's the heroine -- and there's a second RichBitch played straighter.
* RomanticFalseLead:
** Everyone heroine has at least one. For [[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Marianne]], there's [[spoiler: Willoughby]]; for [[Literature/PrideAndPrejudice Elizabeth]], [[spoiler: Wickham]]; for [[Literature/MansfieldPark Fanny]], [[spoiler: Henry Crawford]]; for Literature/{{Emma}}, [[spoiler: Frank Churchill]]; for [[Literature/NorthangerAbbey Catherine]], [[spoiler: John Thorpe]] and for [[Literature/{{Persuasion}} Anne]], [[spoiler: William Elliot]].
** The boys often have one, too. [[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Edward Ferrars]] has [[spoiler: Lucy Steele]], [[Literature/NorthangerAbbey James Morland]] has [[spoiler: Isabella Thorpe]] and [[Literature/MansfieldPark Edmund Bertram]] has [[spoiler: Mary Crawford]].
** And to add to the confusion, sometimes in addition to a bad-boy false lead, there will be a GOOD guy alternative for the heroine: for [[Literature/SenseAndSensibility Elinor]] there is (oddly enough) [[spoiler: Colonel Brandon]], with [[ShipperOnDeck characters in the story assuming it]], for [[Literature/{{Persuasion}} Anne Eliot]] there's [[spoiler: Captain Benwick]], and for [[Literature/PrideAndPrejudice Elizabeth]] there's [[spoiler: Colonel Fitzwilliam]].
* RougeAnglesOfSatin: Something of a subversion. Austen's works are littered with what would be considered misspellings by today's standards. What is important to remember is that at the time that she was writing, the English language had not yet been standardized and variations in spelling, punctuation, etc. were widely accepted.
* ScrewTheMoneyIHaveRules: Marrying for love frequently requires this.
* SelfMadeMan: Austen was a major advocate for them.
* SharedFamilyQuirks
* SiblingRivalry
* SiblingYinYang
* SingleWomanSeeksGoodMan
* SitcomArchNemesis: In ''Sanditon,'' Mr. Parker treats the rival seaside town of Brinshore as one.
* SpoofAesop
* TakeThat: At AllGirlsWantBadBoys, ArrangedMarriage, LoveAtFirstSight and [[BrainlessBeauty Brainless Beauties]], for starters.
* TheyDo
* UnableToSupportAWife: Frequently, though it may not be the main plot
* TheUnfavorite
* WordOfGod: The futures of many of the characters, particularly secondary characters, are left unexplained in the stories. Fortunately for us, Austen had several nieces and nephews who were big fans of Aunt Jane's writing, and the letters she wrote to them explain what happened to several characters after the ends of the books.
* WrongGuyFirst