Jean-Louis "Jack" Kerouac was a American writer (of French-Canadian descent) associated with Creator/TheBeatGeneration and best known for writing ''Literature/OnTheRoad'', an autobiographical novel describing Kerouac's travels with Neal Cassady. He also wrote ''The Dharma Bums'', which details his adventures with fellow writer Gary Snyder.
Interesting note: For a major figure of literature in the English language, Kerouac came to the language rather late: he was raised in a French-speaking (or rather, ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joual Joual]]''-speaking) household, didn't learn English until he was six, and wasn't confident speaking English until high school. Rather impressive, eh? He also wrote a few short stories in his native tongue, which have received increased attention since it was discovered that Kerouac had originally planned to write ''On the Road'' in French and actually produced an abortive manuscript of it before producing the famous version.
"Home I'll Never Be" and "On The Road" were both adapted to song by Music/TomWaits on his album ''Music/OrphansBrawlersBawlersAndBastards''.
!!Jack Kerouac provides examples of:
* TheAlcoholic: Kerouac died at the age of 47 due to decades of alcoholism.
* AuthorAvatar: Pretty much every protagonist in everything Kerouac ever published. Sal Paradise from ''OnTheRoad'' is Kerouac. Kerouac uses avatars in virtually all of his novels, although for legal reasons, the names are changed from book to book. As a result, in ''The Dharma Bums'', Kerouac is named Ray Smith, and in ''The Subterraneans'', he is named Leo Percepied. Virtually every other character is these books is a thinly-disguised avatar of one of Kerouac's friends or some prominent Beat Generation figure as well.
* RedScare: Kerouac's relationship with the other Beat writers was strained by his outspoken and fervent anti-communism (and general all-around drunken paranoia)- during a meeting with Timothy Leary and Allen Ginsberg, Kerouac derisively referred to Ginsberg as a "communist faggot", and at least once accused Ginsberg of being a Soviet agent sent to manipulate him. (Creator/KurtVonnegut related a similar story about meeting Kerouac in his "autobiographical collage," ''Palm Sunday''.) Revealingly, Kerouac watched Joseph [=McCarthy=]'s televised hearings while [[http://www.culturewars.com/CultureWars/1999/kerouac.html smoking marijuana and cheering passionately for the anti-Communist Senator]].