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Ingmar Bergman (1918 2007) was a [[UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}} Swedish]] director, regarded as one of the true greats in the history of film. Between writing, directing, and producing, he was nominated for thirteen AcademyAwards, winning for Best Foreign Film three times: ''The Virgin Spring'' (1960, the inspiration for the American ''TheLastHouseOnTheLeft''), ''Through a Glass Darkly'' (1961), and ''Fanny and Alexander'' (1983). Another of his famous films is ''TheSeventhSeal'', a TropeCodifier for ChessWithDeath.

His films have a reputation for being gloomy and surrealistic. Although he generally tells identifiable "stories," [[LeFilmArtistique straightforward plot descriptions will rarely give any real indication of what his movies are "about"]]: even criticism of his works tends to sound like psychobabble. Bergman himself even stated that he didn't so much care if the audience understood what he was going for, [[EmotionalTorque as long as they felt something]]. Despite being (rather unjustly) a poster child for TrueArtIsIncomprehensible, the list of filmmakers who regard him as being among the best directors ever is long, including Creator/WoodyAllen, Creator/StanleyKubrick, Creator/MartinScorsese, Creator/StevenSpielberg, and Creator/FrancisFordCoppola. There's a reason so many of his films have been released in America by Creator/TheCriterionCollection.

Not to be confused with and wasn't related to Creator/IngridBergman (he once directed her in ''Autumn Sonata'', people on set got them confused).

!!Works by Ingmar Bergman with their own trope pages include:

* ''{{Film/Hour of the Wolf}}''
* ''Film/{{Persona}}''
* ''Film/TheSeventhSeal''
* ''Film/TheVirginSpring''

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!!Tropes:
* AntiHero: In almost all of his films, the heroes posses glaring personal flaws; either having to do with the way they treat others, the way they look at the world or their inability to see the ramifications of their actions.
* CrapsackWorld: Bergman's work is associated with drama about life and death.
* DeliberatelyMonochrome: Black-and-white is used to great effect in his work.
* {{Devil in Disguise}}: In ''{{Film/Fanny and Alexander}}'' and ''[[Film/TheDevilsEye The Devil's Eye]]'', a rigid religious morality and those people who embody it are shown to destroy a true impulse for goodness in people.
* TheGrimReaper: Death is prominent subject in his work. To the point that the Grim Reaper is actually a character in Film/TheSeventhSeal.
* NotSoStoic: Almost every film features a very stoic person breaks down in every possible way existentially, mentally, physically, sexually.
* ShallowParody: Creator/IngmarBergman parodies are usually just spoofing the Death playing chess scene from ''Film/TheSeventhSeal'' and the two women in extreme close-up talking to each other while not looking each other straight in the face from ''Film/{{Persona}}''. It's such a PopCulturalOsmosis that most parodists haven't even seen the entirety of these films and just keep basing their LeFilmArtistique spoofs on these two scenes.
* SpiritualSuccessor: Creator/LarsVonTrier. Creator/WoodyAllen is also a huge fan and has made a homage to Bergman's work several times: Film/{{Interiors}}, Film/ShadowsAndFog,...

!!References in Popular Culture:

* ''Series/TheMuppetShow:'' "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mqv_qYBgEk0 Silent Strawberries]]"
* ''Series/MysteryScienceTheater3000:'' "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qmA7MkAjOiA A Joke By Ingmar Bergman]]"