Howard Hawks (May 30, 1896 December 26, 1977) was one of the most versatile directors of UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood.

Starting out in silent films as an assistant director and other production jobs, Hawks soon moved up to director, and was one of Hollywood's top directors for the next several decades. Among the genres he handled successfully were gangster films, romantic comedies, screwball comedies, westerns, detective movies, and even musicals. Unlike other directors at the time, he wasn't tied to one particular studio. Also, though he worked with a number of well-regarded writers on his films (among them Ben Hecht and Creator/WilliamFaulkner), he was also known for changing the script as he was shooting it, with a number of examples of ThrowItIn in each of his films. He also was legendary for the number of tall tales he told about himself.

Though Hawks directed a number of hits throughout his career, he fell out of favor with critics in the '50s, but was VindicatedByHistory, thanks to [[UsefulNotes/TheAuteurTheory "auteur"]] critics like Creator/FrancoisTruffaut who helped restore his reputation. Later generation of directors would cite him as a major director, second only to Creator/JohnFord, citing his versatility in moving from genres with the likes of Creator/JohnCarpenter, Creator/MartinScorsese, Creator/RobertAltman, Creator/QuentinTarantino, Creator/WesAnderson, Creator/GreggAraki and Creator/JimJarmusch testifying to his influence on their work.

!!Partial filmography:

* ''Film/TheDawnPatrol'' (1930) - film about UsefulNotes/WorldWarI flying aces.
* ''[[Film/{{Scarface 1932}} Scarface]]'' (1932) - The original version. The TropeCodifier of the gangster film genre and still just as bold and daring as the remake.
* ''Film/TwentiethCentury'' (1934) - One of the earliest examples of ScrewballComedy.
* ''Film/BringingUpBaby'' (1938) - Perhaps the screwiest of ScrewballComedy, it was a box-office failure but it is VindicatedByHistory.
* ''Film/OnlyAngelsHaveWings'' (1939) - A drama about thrill-seeking aviators starring Creator/CaryGrant, Creator/JeanArthur and Creator/RitaHayworth.
* ''Film/HisGirlFriday'' (1940) - Yet another iconic screwball comedy. Cary Grant and Creator/RosalindRussell (whose performance here inspired the character of ComicBook/LoisLane) try to free an innocent man from a MiscarriageOfJustice, but really it's WillTheyOrWontThey.
* ''Film/SergeantYork'' (1941) - A biopic of UsefulNotes/WorldWarI hero Alvin York.
* ''Film/BallOfFire'' (1941)
* ''Film/ToHaveAndHaveNot'' (1944) - The first teaming up Creator/HumphreyBogart and Creator/LaurenBacall.
* ''Film/TheBigSleep'' (1946) - The second teaming of Bogart and Bacall, and considered one of the best detective movies ever made.
* ''Film/RedRiver'' (1948) - An important Western and the first serious role for Creator/JohnWayne [[note]]Creator/JohnFord, Wayne's mentor, saw the film and told Hawks, "I didn't know that [[HeReallyCanAct son-of-a-bitch can act!]]" He would give Wayne more complex parts from then on, including ''Film/TheSearchers''.[[/note]]
* ''Film/IWasAMaleWarBride'' (1949)
* ''Film/TheThingFromAnotherWorld'' (1951) - A classic sci-fi monster movie that relies on [[NothingIsScarier suspense]] rather than special effects. Oddly enough, one of the rare cases where he was reluctant to take credit (his normal assistant director Christian Nyby is the credited director, even though it plays like one of Hawks' films).
* ''Film/GentlemenPreferBlondes'' (1953) - Features Creator/MarilynMonroe's iconic number, "Diamonds Are A Girl's Best Friend!"[[note]]Which Hawks did not direct, it was directed by choreographer, Jack Cole.[[/note]]
* ''Land of the Pharoahs'' (1955) - His foray into the EpicMovie, a box-office failure but interesting for its exploration of AncientEgypt.
* ''Film/RioBravo'' (1959) - A major box-office hit in its day, and a Western with more focus on camaraderie and TrueCompanions than on the plot.
* ''Film/{{Hatari}}'' (1962) - A movie with no plot, Creator/JohnWayne and actual animals in Africa. A huge box-office hit.
* ''Film/ElDorado'' (1966) - A remake of ''Film/RioBravo'', but faster-paced, with more plot complications and more angst about growing old.

!!Some tropes associated with Hawks are...

* AllWorkVsAllPlay : His movies are unique for blurring these lines, in his films, work is play, and characters who work together have a lot of fun, and the kind of fun that you can only have with people who watch your back.
* AngstWhatAngst :[invoked] Hawks' movies tend to flaunt this. ''Only Angels Have Wings'' opens with the death of a pilot named Joe, and immediately the pilots go around asking "Who's Joe?" and celebrate anyway though they mourn privately. For Hawks, death and tragedy are not the central features of life, but merely interruptions of real living.
* BlatantLies : His biographer noted that Hawks tended to boast about being a macho tough guy, who won fights and who was a big game hunter, none of which were remotely true. Most of the excitement in his life was dodging book-keepers trying to call his gambling debts.
* CentralTheme: [[RatedMForManly Act like a man]].
* ConsummateProfessional : He was himself this and his films celebrate characters who are this in their chosen field. Film/RioBravo is about Creator/JohnWayne worrying that Creator/DeanMartin is undergoing BadassDecay while Ricky Nelson is the young plucky rookie who convinces the professionals that he's so good, "he doesn't need to prove it!" Film/HisGirlFriday is about DaChief Walter Burns (Creator/CaryGrant) manipulating [[WorkingWithTheEx his ex]] Creator/RosalindRussell back into his life, not only because he loves her but because he values her work as a journalist.
* FiveManBand : His movies tended to be about groups and they tended to fall into roles like this, with Creator/HumphreyBogart, Creator/CaryGrant and Creator/JohnWayne playing TheHero of their own crew in films like Film/ToHaveAndHaveNot, Only Angels Have Wings, Film/RioBravo.
* GenderBlenderName: Howard Hawks was so impressed by Creator/LeighBrackett's novel ''No Good from a Corpse'' that he had his secretary call "this guy Brackett" to help William Faulkner write the screenplay for ''The Big Sleep''. While this was the third screenplay she worked on, it brought her to wider attention and started a collaboration with Hawks on a grand total of six films over two decades (from ''The Big Sleep'' to ''Rio Lobo'').
* GenreRoulette: Big time! He has touched almost every genre you can imagine from comedy, to drama, to crime thrillers, to westerns, to science fiction, to even a musical.
* HasAType: While the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawksian_woman "Hawksian Woman"]] is mainly characterized by her attitude and level of competence, she does have a visual side. She is usually not a statuesque beauty, but physically looks tough enough to succeed in an "un-ladylike" environment and dresses accordingly. Also some critics noted that Hawks' female leads tended to be brunettes and not too busty.
* RatedMForManly: A central theme for much of his work--particularly his Westerns and war films--involves looking into the meaning and implications of "being a man".
** Though funnily enough, auteurist critics actually celebrated his films for having prominent women characters and even being quasi-Feminist, citing Creator/RosalindRussell, Lauren Bacall and Angie Dickinson's performances in these films.
* SpiritedYoungLady: The [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawksian_woman "Hawksian Woman"]] is effectively the Classical Hollywood take on this trope. The typical Howard Hawks heroine [[OneOfTheGuys hangs out with the boys]] and can [[SnarkToSnarkCombat go toe-to-to with the hero verbally]], and yet this "does not detract from her feminine qualities, such as seductiveness and softness."
* TrueCompanions: His films were celebrations of this.
* VitriolicBestBuds: His favorite kind of friendship.