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[[caption-width-right:185:No, that's not Freud.]]

Harry Norman Turtledove (born June 14, 1949) is an author of [[AlternateUniverse Alternative History]] -- one of the most prolific and accessible. He has written many, many books and short stories, some of them set in {{Alternate Universe}}s, some of them {{fantasy}} diverging from recorded history.

He actually [[ShownTheirWork does historical research for his novels]], and [[FootnoteFever footnotes some of them]].

Known for having a [=PhD=] in Byzantine history, some of his books feature this period while others, set in more modern times, sometimes {{lampshade}} the fact that this area is considered extraordinarily obscure even among historians.

!!Works by Harry Turtledove with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/TheCaseOfTheToxicSpellDump''
* ''Literature/DarknessSeries''
* ''Literature/DaysOfInfamy'' as the first book of the Pearl Harbor series: The Japanese succeed in invading Hawaii in 1941.
* ''Literature/TheGunsOfTheSouth''
* ''Literature/JoeSteele''
* ''Literature/TheManWithTheIronHeart''
* ''Literature/OverTheWineDarkSea'', first book of the Hellenic Traders series (as H. N. Turtletaub)
* ''Literature/RuledBritannia''
* ''Literature/TalesOfTheFox'' series
* ''Literature/{{Timeline 191}}'' series
* ''Literature/TheTwoGeorges'' (with Richard Dreyfuss -- yes, the actor)
* ''Literature/{{Videssos}}'' series
* ''Literature/WarBetweenTheProvinces''
* The ''Literature/TheWarThatCameEarly'' series: A bit unusual in having two distinct points of departure: Jose Sanjurjo survives his fatal plane trip and ends up leading Fascist Spain instead of Franco, and Konrad Heinlein is murdered by a Czech nationalist in 1938, giving the Nazis the moral high ground to start World War II with an invasion of Czechoslovakia. Neville Chamberlain is still in charge of England, and both sides are less prepared for full scale war.
* ''Literature/{{Worldwar}}'' series

!!!Other works include:

* The ''Atlantis'' series: Thanks to AlternateUniverse Continental Drift, the Eastern seaboard of North America becomes a giant island continent that is discovered and settled by Englishmen and Bretons in the 15th Century.
* The ''Crosstime Traffic'' series: People from the future of our universe engage in clandestine trade with alternate timelines and change their destinies - sometimes by accident, sometimes not.
* ''Between the Rivers'': A novel about a version of Mesopotamia ruled by {{Physical God}}s.
* ''In the Presence of Mine Enemies'', in which the US stayed out of UsefulNotes/WorldWarII entirely, allowing the Axis to conquer Europe, Asia and ultimately [[DayOfTheJackboot America itself]]. In 2010, a small group of Jews still survives, hidden in Germany, [[spoiler: while an analogue of the Soviet Union's fall plays out in Berlin.]]
* ''Fort Pillow'': A straight historical account of a massacre of black soldiers by Confederates during the Civil War.
* ''Give Me Back My Legions'': A straight historical account of Quintillus Varus' doomed attempt to Romanize Germany during the reign of Augustus Caesar, ending with the massacre of the three legions under his command at Teutoburg Forest.
* ''The Hot War'' series: An alternate history series whose divergence from our world occurs in 1951, when a more effective Communist Chinese counterattack during UsefulNotes/TheKoreanWar causes UsefulNotes/HarryTruman to follow General Douglas [=MacArthur's=] advice [[AtomicHate and use atomic weapons in Manchuria]]. UsefulNotes/JosefStalin responds by attacking US allies in Europe, and WorldWarIII begins. The first book, ''Bombs Away'' was released on July 14th, 2015.
* ''The House of Daniel'': A barnstorming baseball team (based on the real one supported by [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_David_(commune) the House of David religious commune]]) travels through a {{Magitek}}-influenced United States during the Great Depression.
* ''Literature/AWorldOfDifference'': Set in an alternate Solar System where the planet between Earth and Mars (named Minerva instead of Mars) is large enough to maintain a thick atmosphere, Earth-like temperatures, and life; when images from the ''Viking 1'' lander indicate that some of that life is intelligent, crewed missions from the United States and Soviet Union race against each other to make first contact.
* ''Justinian'', about the Byzantine emperor of that name, a straight historical novel published under the pseudonym H. N. Turtletaub.

[[TheWikiRule He also has his own]] [[http://turtledove.wikia.com/wiki/Harry_Turtledove_Wiki Wiki]].


!!Other works by Harry Turtledove provide examples of:

* AlternateHistory: Turtledove's works primarily deal in alternate history, such as the ''[=Worldwar=]'' series, which has aliens invade during WWII.
* AnonymousRinger: ''In the Presence of My Enemies'', an Alternate History set in 2009 Nazi Germany, has a sort of anonymous ringer -- the Fuhrer, "Kurt Haldweim", is a blatant stand-in for real-world Austrian president, and UN Secretary General, Kurt Waldheim, who in real life would die in 2007.
%%* AntiHero
* AntiVillain: Some of Turtledove's Nazis, and at least one Nazi CaptainErsatz, qualify.
* AnyoneCanDie: Turtledove's war-themed novels stress this element quite heavily. Many characters, including long-lived favorites, die, sometimes in completely random incidents. He seems to have a quota of "At least one death per book."
* ArcNumber: His books all have twenty chapters.
* AsYouKnow: Turtledove has a tendency to fall into this trap in his multi-volume alternative history epics; he will often recap complicated alternative histories and the plots of two, three or more previous novels in the series by having characters engage in conversations or think to themselves about things that they would already know. His stand-alone and shorter works are generally better in this regard (largely because he usually has less to cover or recap), but it can still pop up from time to time.
* AuthorTract: Defied in two short stories in ''Atlantis and Other Places''. "Bedfellows", which features a gay wedding between UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush and UsefulNotes/OsamaBinLaden, is a scathing TakeThat against the then-current president. The next story, "News from the Front" is an equally scathing, only somewhat less thinly-veiled TakeThat against Bush's detractors, particularly in the media. Both of these stories are written quite convincingly, conveying the impression that the author is an anti-war liberal in the first one, and a hawkish conservative in the second one. In his preface to "News from the Front", Turtledove, quoting Creator/LarryNiven, states that "there is a technical term for those who judge writers' politics by what they turn out. That term is 'idiot'."
* BadassFamily: Generations of the Radcliffe family line, in the ''Atlantis'' series.
%%* BlackAndGrayMorality or GreyAndGrayMorality
* BlandNameProduct: One of Turtledove's alternate history series has the most popular soft drink in the Confederate States of America being "Doctor Hopper". Also the popular Confederate comic book "Hyperman". In both cases, characters occasionally think about the "Damnyankee drink/hero with a similar name."
* CallARabbitASmeerp: He likes to do this to reflect the past divergence of his alternate history works. He's come up with about a dozen alternative names for 'nuclear bomb' for different settings, for instance.
%%* CaptainErsatz
* CassandraTruth: In ''Give Me Back My Legions'', Varus was warned about the plot to destroy him several times, but because of the identity of the informant and the main conspirator, repeatedly shrugged it off as the efforts of an old man trying to get his disliked son-in-law in trouble.
* ClarkesThirdLaw: Turtledove wrote the short story "Death in Vesunna" as a rebuttal, in which a retired Roman soldier working as a police investigator figures out on his own that the perpetrator of an inexplicable murder was not a god or a demon, but a time traveler.
* CompoundTitle: The ''Counting Up, Counting Down'' anthology features two stories at the beginning and end, "Counting Up..." and "... Counting Down." Both are actually the same story told from different perspectives.
* CozyCatastrophe: His Supervolcano series has this. Unless you were in the area that got blown up or in the heavy ash cloud, life seems to be pretty good still, even the book titled "Things fall apart" doesn't really have any falling apart, though some mention of future chaos is every so often seen.
* CrazyCulturalComparison: Turtledove likes this trope.
* CreatorThumbprint: In several ways, but note the oddly high percentage of Jewish characters. In the same vein, a {{time travel}}ler from ten thousand years in the future - past the fall of our civilization, the rise and fall of the next one, and the rise of one after that - spots a menorah (the nine-branched candelabrum lit during the holiday of Hanukkah) in a contemporary character's house and says "If you had that in my time, I'd think you were Jewish."
** Mind you, Turtledove doesn't always take it seriously: in the same short story collection (''Departures'') is a piece that he confesses was inspired by a quip he'd uttered at breakfast: "This bacon tastes so good, it ought to be kosher."
** Additionally, he is a lifelong resident of southern California, and many of his stories have characters who live there. (Some of his short stories are set there in their entirety.)
** Baseball references also frequently pop up in Turtledove's work. Sometimes he'll even stretch to fit in a baseball analogy, such as in the latest installment of ''The Hot War'' in which President Truman mentally compares chicken served at a political fundraising event to a mediocre ballplayer--and even ''lists the stats'' that make the ballplayer mediocre. This is the ''only'' time baseball has been mentioned in this particular installment of the series, but the analogy seemed more than a little forced.
* CreepyUncle: [[spoiler: UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler]] in "Uncle Alf". The story consists of a series of letters from [[spoiler: Hitler]] to his niece, in a world in which the Germans won [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarI World War I]] and [[spoiler: Hitler]] is helping stamp out the French resistance. The letters are increasingly suggestive and disturbing, but the clincher is the final line of the story:
-->[[spoiler: '''UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler]]''': "Wear a skirt that flips up easily, for I intend to show you just what a hero, what a conqueror, is your iron-hard Uncle Alf"
* DagwoodSandwich: Popular in Atlantis.
* DeadpanSnarker: The majority of his characters, with Ulric Skakki (Opening of the World) but one example.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: ''In the Presence of Mine Enemies'' features a Nazi Empire being brought down by popular protests modeled on those in 1989-91 in the USSR in our world, but the protesters are no less anti-Semitic than the regime.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: In the second Hot War novel ''Fallout'', one of the presidential candidates is Joe [=McCarthy=], whose portrayal is reminiscent of how many see Creator/DonaldTrump in the U.S. 2016 election. [[spoiler: Ultimately averted; [=McCarthy=] along with most of the US government does not survive the atomic bombing of Washington DC.]]
%%* DolledUpInstallment
%%* {{Doorstopper}}
%%* DramatisPersonae
%%* DroppedABridgeOnHim
%%* DungeonPunk
* EternalEnglish: In "The Book, The Movie, And Other Unfortunately Not So Relevant Material" a man from ten thousand years in the future has little trouble communicating, but he's got the technology. He mentions that everything known about our time comes not from our records but those translated into the dominant language of the society before his own, then translated into his language.
%%* {{Expy}}
* FanDisservice: [[{{MemeticMutation}} The awkward sex scenes.]]
* FantasticRacism: His predilection for inserting "blonds" as the oppressed group when representing blacks under slavery or Jews in the holocaust in displaced fantasy settings.
** Also, played with heavily in his ''Opening of the World'' trilogy: The Rulers believe themselves to be a Master Race. Turtledove appears to have combined influences from Mongols and the Japanese code of bushido to create their culture, while physically they're short, stocky, with brown skin, black hair, and big curly beards.
* FantasyCounterpartCulture: Turtledove appears to have combined influences from Mongols and the Japanese code of bushido to create the culture of the Rulers in the ''Opening of the World'' Trilogy.
** The [[spoiler:Glacier-folk]] in ''The Breath of God'' have blond or red hair, light eyes, and Old Germanic names: Marcovefa, Leudegisel, Dragolen. The most notable aspect of their culture seems to be mostly based on similarly subsistence-level Melanesian and/or Caribbean cultures. In other words, they're [[spoiler: cannibals]].
%%* FantasyKitchenSink: And how!
%%* FantasyWorldMap
* FootnoteFever: Or rather, endnote fever.
** Regular footnote fever appears in his translation of the obscure Chronicle of Theophanes, but it doesn't impair the quality of the work.
* ForWantOfANail: Turtledove loves doing these.
%%* FunctionalMagic
* GodsNeedPrayerBadly: It appears to be the case in ''Between the Rivers'' that the gods depend on their worshipers, though part of the plot is that the gods have taken care to prevent any of their worshipers suspecting this.
%%* GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex
%%* HalfHumanHybrid
* HilariousInHindsight: early in ''The Breath of God'' (part of the ''Opening of the World'' trilogy), [[MemeticMutation a man gets an arrow to the knee]]. Ulric Skakki resolves this in the same scene with a tool specifically designed to remove arrows. This was three years before ''[[VideoGame/TheElderScrollsVSkyrim Skyrim]]''.
* HumansAreSpecial: Just try to count the number of times in the ''Worldwar'' series that a member of the alien Race bemoans how different humans are to the Race themselves or their other subject species.
%%* HumansThroughAlienEyes
* InSpiteOfANail: Turtledove does this in the Atlantis series just because he can.
* InsufficientlyAdvancedAlien: The short story "The Road Not Taken". Hyperspace travel and contra-gravity ships are surprisingly easy to make if you know how; races that can barely smelt iron have discovered them, and are roaming the galaxy. The biggest and most advanced of them is the Roxolani, who are shocked to find that their muskets and cannon are somewhat outclassed when they invade mid-21st-Century Earth.
%%* InThePastEveryoneWillBeFamous
%%* IstanbulNotConstantinople
%%* JustBeforeTheEnd: The Supervolcano series.
%%* KarmaHoudini
%%* LampshadeHanging
* LiteraryAllusionTitle (routinely - he's writing alternate ''history'')
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters (and nowadays more often than not Loads and Loads of ''Viewpoint'' Characters)
* LoveDodecahedron: Many of his series with LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters tend to have at least one horribly twisted and complicated group of love affairs.
* MagicAIsMagicA: He likes this trope. All his fantasy settings, though otherwise unrelated, run on the same basic rules of magic--the "Law of Similarity" (two visually similar things are magically connected) and the "Law of Contagion" (two things that have touched are magically connected).
* MagicFromTechnology: Subverted; Turtledove's short story "Death in Vesunna" was a direct TakeThat against [[ClarkesThirdLaw Clarke's Law]], in which a Roman "policeman" works out on his own that he's on the trail of a pair of time-travelling murderers, not magicians or demons.
* {{Magitek}}: In ''Every Inch A King'', windworkers produce winds that allow ships to sail against the natural wind, items are cheaply mass produced using the law of sympathy, crystal balls replace telegraphy, etc.
* MedievalStasis: Sometimes used, sometimes averted, sometimes a mixture. His fantasy settings often advance in magic "technology" (being allegories for industrial era wars in the real world) but politically tend to always be based on feudal monarchies.
* MinorCrimeRevealsMajorPlot: In ''Supervolcano'' the police chief's reprobate son is arrested for dealing drugs. [[spoiler: A routine DNA sample taken upon his arrest links him to a serial killer who turns out to be ''the police chief himself''.]]
* MoneyDearBoy: Creator/MikeResnick explained the reason for some of Turtledove's more... inflated series during a lecture at my university: "He had to put his three daughters through college, all within a few years of each other." Not surprisingly, Turtledove's recent books have (mostly) been more streamlined: 2007-2009's ''Opening of the World'' trilogy, and 2009's ''Give Me Back My Legions!'' were lean, mean, and lots of fun.
* NoSuchThingAsWizardJesus: In his apparently one-and-only example of work in the "secret-history" genre, the short story ''Under St. Peter's'', he reveals that Jesus actually became a vampire (and not even the first vampire) after his crucifixion, and in addition, may not have been really divine after all.
* TheNeidermeyer: General George Armstrong Custer in ''The Great War''. Although he lacks the "You're all worthless and weak!!" part, he is still more then willing to send the unfortunate men under his command into needlessly costly and bloody offensives that end up gaining little. He constantly tries to seek glory wherever he can and also is more then willing to hog it all and push all the blame on others when something fails.
* PinkertonDetective: Pinkerton toughs occasionally appear as secondary characters throughout Turtledove's series of ''Great War'' and ''American Empire'' AlternateHistory novels. As the USA in those novels is much more "Europeanised", with a strong Socialist movement, they ultimately end up being defeated by the organised strikers and unions.
* ThePromise: In ''Between the Rivers'', the protagonist in a grandstanding moment vows that he won't marry his sweetheart until the completion of the trading expedition he's about to embark on. It seems like a safe thing to do since it's a routine expedition and he wasn't planning to marry her until after he got back anyway. But then the nation they were going to trade with unexpectedly puts a trading embargo on the protagonist's city. And the god he swore by is real, interventionist, and quite willing to make the vow stick.
* ProphecyTwist: "Counting Potsherds" uses the real-life story of Athens being saved from the invading Persians by a "wooden wall" (the wooden-hulled Athenian navy). It's set in a timeline where the Athenians all took the Oracle's prophecy rather more literally, and the Persians wiped them out.
* PunBasedTitle: Several of his short stories: according to WordOfGod, sometimes the pun comes first and the story later. For example, one story is set in a world where Stalin's purges were worse and left the Soviets unable to defeat the Nazi invasion. In the brutal Nazi-occupied USSR of 1947, the Soviet general Fyodor Tolbukhin becomes a resistance leader known as The Phantom. The title of the story? ''[[Literature/ThePhantomTollbooth The Phantom Tolbukhin]]''.
* RealityIsUnrealistic: He originally wrote under the pseudonyms "Eric Iverson" and "H.N. Turteltaub" because his editor thought "Turtledove" sounded too much like a made-up name.
* RecycledInSpace: ''In the Presence of Mine Enemies'' is the fall of the Soviet Union [- IN NAZI GERMANY AND [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture TWENTY MINUTES INTO THE FUTURE!]] -]
* RidiculousFutureInflation: The USA in his ''Crosstime Traffic'' books has a hundred-dollar coin.
* RightfulKingReturns: Deconstructed in "The Last Emperor", which is set during a Greek invasion of Istanbul in what was at the time [[TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture the not so distant future of 2003]]. The Greek reconquest of the city causes the prophecy of The Marble Emperor to come true with Constantine XI reappearing to reclaim his throne. The problem? Greece is socialist state that has long moved past the era of Emperors. When a group of Greek soldiers argue whether or not to accept him as their ruler, Constantine, infuriated by what he perceives to be the same petty infighting that plagued Byzantium, attacks the soldiers with his sword only to be unceremoniously shot dead.
* RuleThirtyFour: A rare case where it's arguably ''self-applied''. Seriously.
* ScienceCannotComprehendPhlebotinum: in the short story "The Road Not Taken," this applies to anti-gravity and faster-than-light travel.
* ShakespeareInFiction: In "[[http://www.tor.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=story&id=17973 We Haven't Got There Yet]]".
* ShoutOut: The ''Crosstime Traffic'' series is at least partly inspired by Creator/HBeamPiper's ''Paratime'' stories-and to emphasize this, the names of the developers of the crosstime technique are clearly based on the names of the people who developed the paratime transposition.
* ShownTheirWork: Turtledove writes epilogues to explain how real history meshes with his alternate history. And his works themselves can go into great detail on everyday life.
* SwitchingPOV: Most of his series have at least 5 or 6 POV characters per book, covering various aspects of a large-scale event, like a war on multiple fronts as seen by generals and soldiers and civilians.
* TakeAThirdOption: His short story "Ready for the Fatherland" was inspired by his realisation that [=WW2=] alternate history is always 'we win or [[GodwinsLawOfTimeTravel the Nazis win]]'. To do something different, he made a scenario where a coup by Manstein in 1943 results in a Nazi Germany that manages to fight just well enough (and cut a deal at the right time) to make [=WW2=] end in a stalemate, resulting in a four-way cold war between the USA, USSR, Third Reich and British Empire.
** Likewise, in his short story "Must and Shall", Turtledove has an AH where the reconstruction is much harsher due to the death of UsefulNotes/AbrahamLincoln by a sniper on July 12, 1864 on the ramparts at Fort Stevens. This led to the South being [[UsefulNotes/TheTroubles Northern Ireland]] writ large.
* TakeThat: ''Supervolcano: Eruption'' has Vanessa Ferguson, an arrogant and bitchy (and proud of it) GrammarNazi editor. What clinches it is this snarky line of narration: "Like any good editor, Vanessa was sure she would make a good writer as soon as she found the time. As with a lot of good editors, somehow she never did."
** As one of his few stories written in the present day, Turtledove is clearly enjoying the opportunity to take jabs at preferred targets in the Supervolcano series. A fantastic gag has the main character turning from good CNN coverage of the volcano to Fox News, which blames the President for the volcano... and then disgustedly turning to MSNBC, which is instead blaming the Republican Congress.
%%* TotallyRadical
%%* TranslationConvention
* TurnTheOtherCheek: "The Last Article" explores the effectiveness of UsefulNotes/MahatmaGandhi's non-violent protest in a timeline where the Nazis won World War II and took over all Britain's imperial holdings including India.
* TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture: Despite being set about a century in the future, the Crosstime Traffic series's home timeline looks like this. Apart from a hundred years of ordinary inflation, a few undescribed and apparently undescribable consumer objects, and the Crosstime vehicle itself, the home timeline is thoroughly familiar (Burger King apparently still exists, but a Whopper will cost a few Benjamins or C-Notes. Even the Euro still exists, though you need a hundred of them to buy anything).
** Apple still makes their products, and "The Incredibles" is such a beloved classic that the proprietor in "The Gladiator" has it on his FuturePad or whatever Apple will call that device.
%%* TwoOfYourEarthMinutes
%%* TheUnfairSex
* UnreliableNarrator: Turtledove mentioned that this was a problem when doing the research for ''Remember Fort Pillow'', as most of the official records of the battle on ''both'' sides were obvious works of propaganda.
* ViolenceReallyIsTheAnswer: One of Turtledove's central themes-see "The Last Article", where UsefulNotes/{{Mahatma Gandhi}}'s nonviolent tactics fail miserably against the Nazis when they take over India.
** Averted in ''In the Presence of Mine Enemies'', where intelligent non-violent actions prove effective.
* VirginPower: Played with in "Honeymouth", in which a foul-mouthed and lecherous mercenary is somehow able to ride a unicorn without any problem. When asked how he can do it, usually while the unicorn is parked outside a brothel, he sarcastically replies that he's a virgin. [[spoiler:He is. Technically.]]
%%* WhatIf
* WorldOfPun: The short story "The Phantom Tolbukhin", about the real-life Soviet General Tolbukhin leading LaResistance as "The Phantom" in a Nazi-occupied USSR, is a title ShoutOut to ''Literature/ThePhantomTollbooth''.
* WriterOnBoard: Since 2001 or so, if the particular Alternate History setting allows for it, Turtledove will include some kind of analogy to Islamic fundamentalist terrorism.
%%* YiddishAsASecondLanguage
%%* YouALLShareMyStory
* YouHaveToHaveJews: Turtledove himself is Jewish, and while it makes sense for some of his books to have important Jewish characters considering they are set in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, it's rare to see any book by him that doesn't have prominent Jewish characters regardless of setting.
** There's a fun LampshadeHanging in one short story where a time traveller from the distant future--so distant that he finds almost everything in our time incomprehensible--casually notes someone from our time is Jewish when he spots a menorah in his house.
* YouKeepUsingThatWord: Turtledove is fond of this trope, having a doctor discuss the "lay'lie" distinction in ''Literature/TheWarThatCameEarly'', and has a character reflect on the media's misuse of "impact" to mean "affect" in ''Supervolcano: Eruption''.
* YouNoTakeCandle: A fairly realistic one is done in ''Supervolcano: Eruption'' with a Filipina store clerk, whose English is understandable but displays some grammatical problems that actually do tend to happen to many Filipinos in RealLife. However, it gets ridiculous when a police officer has to mime out the word "mask" to get her to understand. English is common enough in the Philippines that many English-language shows and books are left untranslated, and the word ''maskara'' (a localized spelling of the Spanish word ''mascara'') is found in the major Filipino languages and dialects. She should have had no problem understanding "mask."