->''"Human history in essence is the history of ideas."''

Herbert George Wells (21 September 1866 13 August 1946) was a British ScienceFiction writer who, along with Creator/JulesVerne, defined the genre during the late 19th and early 20th century, and spawned many tropes, including the TimeMachine and the AlienInvasion.

His most famous works have been [[TheFilmOfTheBook adapted into film]] multiple times. ''The Time Machine'', ''The Invisible Man'' and ''The War of the Worlds'' are probably the best-known.

Many of his novels were written in the first person, narrated by an unnamed character. In many adaptations, ''The Time Machine'''s unnamed time-traveler is H.G. Wells himself, which has led to [[Film/TimeAfterTime other works]] using the real-life Wells as a time-travelling character.

In his later life, he turned more toward what he thought society should be like; fictional {{Utopia}}s and {{Dystopia}}s and nonfiction books on socialist thought alike. Though Wells thought of these works as more important, it's his early stuff that's thought of as classic, at least in part because it is generally better written. Creator/GKChesterton compared him to [[Literature/TheBible Esau]], saying that just as the latter had sold his birthright for a mess of pottage, so Wells traded his talent for a pot of message (although he was a [[HypocriticalHumor fine one to talk]]).

His life had quite the BittersweetEnding, as he was very worried about the rise of Nazism and warned that it might just lead to an apocalypse like the ones he'd written about, which can make it a relief that he lived long enough to see the end of World War II...until you realize this also means one of the last major scientific achievements he witnessed was the atomic bomb.

Often portrayed, in fiction, in BeethovenWasAnAlienSpy-style situations, involving either TimeTravel or Aliens. Said fictional portrayals often leave out the fact that his voice resembled an English-accented version of Creator/TexAvery's Droopy (as can be heard in [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nUdghSMTXsU a radio interview]] he did with Creator/OrsonWelles (no relation)).

It's been said that he invented almost every basic modern science fiction device except for {{alternate universe}}s. His stories, along with those of Creator/JulesVerne, are also a major influence on SteamPunk.

In many ways, the works of Jules Verne and H.G. Wells are polar opposites. Verne paid particular attention to technological realism, making him perhaps the world's first [[MohsScaleOfScienceFictionHardness hard SF]] author; but he paid little heed to the social ramifications of such technology, projecting 19th century Europe into the future indefinitely. Wells, on the other hand, cared little if his proposed inventions violated every known law of science, but he was keenly interested in how society would change and pulled no punches when it came to civilization's impermanence.

He is also considered a founding father of commercial [[WarGaming wargames]]. He and some of his adult friends started playing with toy soldiers, and starting codifying rules. He felt it was better than fighting a real war, because "Tin soldiers don't leave behind tin widows and tin orphans." Wells eventually published ''Little Wars'' which contains the story of the creation of the game, the many balance and GameBreaker issues they ran into, and a suggested set of large scale miniature rules. ''Little Wars'' is still required reading for prospective game designers. Another over-looked aspect of his life is that in his 'middle period' from around 1900-1920 he authored fiction that mostly lacked any science-fiction elements, such as ''Anne Veronica'' and ''The History of Mr. Polly''.

It's probably also worth mentioning that the man [[ReallyGetsAround was extremely popular with the ladies]]. The Other Wiki lists six confirmed lovers in addition to his two wives, and he probably managed quite a few others. Considering his bibliography runs to around 50 novels and a similar number of non-fiction works, he was clearly a master of [[StealthPun time management]]. [[Literature/TheTimeMachine Hey, wait a second...]]

As one of the founders of science fiction, he often shows up in modern sci-fi works as a HistoricalDomainCharacter. Notably he was played by Creator/MalcolmMcDowell in the film ''Film/TimeAfterTime'' and was [[GenderFlip Gender Flipped]] for the SyFy series ''Series/Warehouse13''.

!!Works by H. G. Wells with their own trope pages include:
* ''Literature/TheFirstMenInTheMoon''
* ''Literature/TheInvisibleMan''
* ''Literature/TheIslandOfDoctorMoreau''
* ''Literature/TheShapeOfThingsToCome''
* ''Literature/TheSleeperAwakes''
* ''Literature/TheTimeMachine''
* ''Literature/TheWarOfTheWorlds''

!!Other works by H. G. Wells provide examples of:

* AttackOfTheKillerWhatever: "The Empire of the Ants" has an army of intelligent, unstoppable (albeit normal-sized) ants that are slowly but relentlessly conquering the Amazon region of South America; the narrator ends with a prediction that they'll reach Europe within a few decades.
** Also packs of predatory squid-creatures in "The Sea Raiders" and migrating spiders in, well, "The Valley of the Spiders".
* AdaptationDecay: Films made from his work often suffer from this, two particularly flagrant examples by Creator/BertIGordon are ''The Empire of the Ants'' and ''Film/TheFoodOfTheGods''.
* AdaptationExpansion: The 1936 film version of ''The Man Who Could Work Miracles'', whose script Wells contributed to, expands on the adventures of the eponymous George [=McWhirter=] Fotheringay (and gives an explicit source to his sudden powers).
* TheAmazon: The setting for "The Empire of the Ants."
* TheBadGuyWins: As noted above, "The Empire of the Ants" ends with a grim prediction this will be the ultimate outcome.
* BugWar: "The Empire of the Ants", though the ants are far from a mindless swarm, which is what makes them so lethally dangerous.
* BoobyTrap: The poisonous thorns attached to "The Treasure in the Forest".
* CruelAndUnusualDeath: "The Cone" has a man being thrown on top of a blast furnace.
* DrunkWithPower: Fotheringay gets more and more extravagant with his wishes. It ends very badly.
* TheEndOfTheWorldAsWeKnowIt: The passing of "The Star" through the Solar System inflicts this on humanity, stopping just short of an EarthShatteringKaboom.
** As implied by the title, "A Dream of Armageddon" has a character relating his vivid vision of a future world being consumed by global war.
* EverythingsSquishierWithCephalopods: The eponymous menace in "The Sea Raiders" is swarm of a previously-unknown species of squid which starts attacking humans along England's coast.
* ExactWords: In "The Truth about Pyecraft" the fat Pyecraft drinks an Indian potion which promotes "Loss of Weight". (The narrator describes it as "committing the sin of euphemism".) Instead of making him thinner the potion decreases his mass, making his body behave like a balloon. Since the lift of a man-sized balloon cannot be as strong as described, even for a very fat man, his gravitational mass may have become negative.
* ForScience: Sort of the attitude of the protagonists of "The New Accelerator"; as the story ends, they are rather casually preparing to mass-produce and sell a product which will likely upend human society in countless ways. (See below under "Super Speed".)
* GodGuise: "Jimmy Goggles the God" has a character unwillingly becoming the god of a tribe of rather xenophobic tropical natives thanks to the primitive diving suit he's wearing when he encounters them. ("Jimmy Goggles" is the nickname that the suit is given before the encounter.)
* GrailInTheGarbage: "The Crystal Egg" turns up in a obscure second-hand store before being lost again, at least as far as the narrator and reader are concerned.
* HeAlsoDid: Most famous for his science fiction, Wells also wrote numerous novels and short stories with no fantastical elements whatsoever, along with ''Little Wars'', a treatise on war gaming.
* ImportedAlienPhlebotinum: The narrator speculates that "The Crystal Egg" is an example of this, sent from Mars to allow that planet's inhabitants to (evidently idly) view life on Earth.
* KarmicDeath: The protagonists in "The Treasure in the Forest".
* LiteralGenie: In "The Man Who Could Work Miracles" has numerous examples of this, culminating in Fotheringay ordering the sun to not set. The wish-granting force, whatever it is, accomplishes this by abruptly halting the Earth's rotation. Just the Earth itself, not [[ApocalypseHow anything currently on the Earth's surface]].
* LookOnMyWorksYeMightyAndDespair: a recurring theme in Wells's work is that while technology represents some of the the best aspects of humanity, it can just as easily be our undoing if used unwisely.
* TheMissionary: One appears at the end of "Jimmy Goggles the God".
* OurGhostsAreDifferent: "The Inexperienced Ghost"
* OutDamnedSpot: In "The Moth", a probably illusionary moth haunts the protagonist following the rather pitiful death of his hated scientific rival, finally landing him in an insane asylum.
* PerpetualMotionMachine: "A Tale of the Twentieth Century" is a humourous short story about a train that gets converted into one. Unfortunately, the brakes don't work...
* RealityEnsues: Despite the comparisons between him and Verne above, his story "The New Accelerator" attempts to realistically show the dangers that would result if someone were to develop the ability to move at super-speed. (ie, clothes catching on fire due to the friction.)
* RealityWarper: Fotheringay again.
** RealityWarpingIsNotAToy: Yeah. See above.
* ResetButton: After the LiteralGenie incident above, Fotheringay ''very'' carefully makes one last wish that results in this.
* SacrificialPlanet: Neptune gets destroyed in "The Star". And at the very end, Earth essentially becomes this, at least as far as observing Martian astronomers are concerned.
* SpiritualSuccessor: "The Shape of Things to Come" to "The War in the Air", bordering on a StealthSequel. The first part of the former is essentially a BroadStrokes reworking of the final part of the latter, accounting for {{Science|MarchesOn}}, {{Technology|MarchesOn}}, and [[SocietyMarchesOn Society Marching On]].
* SuperSpeed: As noted, "The New Accelerator" depicts the narrator helping a scientist test the latter's new formula that induces this ability in humans.
* TankGoodness: The UrExample in modern fiction can be found in Wells's short story "The Land Ironclads", which forsaw the tank's paradigm-shifting impact on warfare. Among the predictions is the potential for (newly invented at the time) continuous track systems to allow massive armed and armored vehicles to [[TheJuggernaut unstoppably plow over men and defenses alike]].
* TreasureMap: One appears in "The Treasure in the Forest".
* TropeNamer: He coined the first incarnation of what would later become the phrase "TheWarToEndAllWars", in a series of newspaper articles he wrote in August 1914 that were collected into the brochure ''The War That Will End War''.
* TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture: The setting for "The War in the Air" at the time it was written.
* WeightLossHorror: In "The Truth About Pyecraft", a very fat man takes a potion to lose weight. And he does but he doesn't actually become thinner. He just weighs less until he's floating up into the air like a large balloon.