'''[=George MacDonald=]''' was a Victorian era Scottish writer chiefly known for his fantasy works, which were read by such authors as Creator/GKChesterton, Creator/JRRTolkien, and Creator/CSLewis. They include ''Literature/AtTheBackOfTheNorthWind'', ''Literature/{{Lilith}}'', ''Literature/{{Phantastes}}'', ''Literature/ThePrincessAndTheGoblin'', ''Literature/ThePrincessAndCurdie'', and ''Literature/TheLightPrincess''. He also wrote a fair number of non-fantasy works, primarily concerned with romance, suffering and adventure in [[UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} the Highlands]], which are generally passed over [[TastesLikeDiabetes for some reason.]]

Other writers who [[SincerestFormOfFlattery cited [=MacDonald=] as an influence]] include Creator/WHAuden, Roger Lancelyn Green, MadeleineLEngle, Creator/ENesbit, and Elizabeth Yates. Essentially, he's the grandfather of nearly the entire modern genre of {{fantasy}}. Appropriately enough, he sported a pretty impressive WizardBeard.

He is not Creator/GeorgeMacDonaldFraser.

!!Works by [=George MacDonald=] with their own trope pages include:
* ''Literature/TheLightPrincess''
* ''Literature/ThePrincessAndTheGoblin''
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!!His other works provide examples of:
* AnAesop: Often to the level of WriterOnBoard (see below).
* AerithAndBob: Irene and ... Curdie?
* BittersweetEnding: [[strike: Frequently]] ''Always''.
* ChildrenAreInnocent
* CoolOldLady: Fairy grandmothers often appear, and are always awesome.
* DeadGuyJunior
* {{Determinator}}: Many of his child characters, especially the virtuous ones. Occasionally crosses over into BadassAdorable.
* DiedHappilyEverAfter
* DiedInYourArmsTonight: Cosmo von Wehrstahl dies in the arms of the Princess von Honenweiess he has released from the mirror she has been enchanted in, but she finds him too late and cradles him as he dies in her arms in one of the stories in ''Phantastes''.
** In ''Lilith'', [[spoiler: Lona dies in her true love's Vane's arms after she's killed by [[LukeIAmYourFather her mother]], Lilith]].
* DontFearTheReaper: The North Wind, in ''At the Back of the North Wind,'' is implied to be an angel of Death, and always treats Diamond with the greatest gentleness.
* DreamingTheTruth: In "Port In A Storm" how he finds the port.
* EverythingsBetterWithPrincesses
* EverythingsBetterWithRainbows: In ''The Golden Key''
* EvilIsDeathlyCold: At first it seems to be played straight, but is ultimately subverted in ''Lilith''.
* FairytaleMotifs
* FirstNameBasis
* FunetikAksent: Just in case you ever forgot you were in Scotland.
* GoodIsNotNice: Many of the good characters in ''Lilith'', but especially Mara.
* GreatBigLibraryOfEverything: Mentioned in ''Phantastes,'' ''Lilith,'' ''Alec Forbes''... This is a recurring image throughout [=MacDonald's=] fiction, probably inspired by a year [=MacDonald=] spent as a youth cataloging books in a large house in Scotland.
** Such places tend to be more of a MagicalLibrary at heart.
* HeldGaze: The supernatural variant of the trope, in which case it fills the two gazers with such longing that they are so consumed with love that they depart from each other and die, being reborn as children.
* TheHeroDies
* HeroicSacrifice: In ''Phantastes'', a [[{{Tearjerker}} heartrending]] tale is related by the narrator about a man named Cosmo, who loves a princess imprisoned in a mirror, and to release her from her thrall, he shatters the mirror, but it ends up killing him, and he dies in the princess' arms.
* IGaveMyWord
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: The final conclusion Anodos comes to in Fairyland.
* JamesBondage
* LittlestCancerPatient: They appear with some regularity in his non-fantasy works, dying of VictorianNovelDisease rather than cancer. (Three of [=MacDonald's=] thirteen children died of tuberculosis.)
* LivingShadow: Pops up frequently, notably in ''Phantastes'', and have a story to themselves in "The Shadows."
* LoveRedeems: Central to arguably all of [=MacDonald's=] work.
* MyGreatestFailure: In ''Phantastes'', the knight in rusty armor atones for being taken in by the Alder-Tree by combating evildoers until every speck of rust is scraped off.
* {{Mythopoeia}}: C. S. Lewis cited him as a TropeMaker.
* OffingTheOffspring: [[spoiler: Lilith]] in ''Lilith.''
* OrphansOrdeal: ''A Rough Shaking.''
* OurGoblinsAreDifferent
* ThePowerOfLove
* ThePromise
* PurpleProse: The prose in ''Phantastes'' is quite often ornate, but it doesn't detract from the pleasure derived from the perusal of the novel.
* UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}}: The setting of many of [=MacDonald's=] non-fantasy novels, as well as the homeland of the author himself.
* ShadowArchetype: Appropriately enough, the Shadow in ''Phantastes'' is this to the protagonist.
* TheSpeechless: Wee Sir Gibbie in... ''Sir Gibbie.''
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth
* TheVamp: {{Lilith}} in her eponymous novel, and the Maiden of the Alder-Tree in ''Phantastes''.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: [=MacDonald=] once proposed to an American literary friend that they should collaborate on a novel in order to secure copyright on both sides of the Atlantic. The friend's name? MarkTwain. Unfortunately the project never transpired. However, scholars have pointed out some similarities between [=MacDonald's=] ''Sir Gibbie'' and Twain's ''HuckleberryFinn'' and have suggested that they discussed such a story together. [[http://www.george-macdonald.com/resources/mark_twain.html]]
* WriterOnBoard: An example that even this [[TropesAreNotBad trope is not bad]]. Creator/CSLewis observed of [=MacDonald's=] non-fantasy novels, "Sometimes they diverge into direct and prolonged preachments which would be intolerable if a man were reading for the story, but which are in fact welcome because the author... is a supreme preacher."
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!! George [=MacDonald=] in fiction:

* Creator/CSLewis was particularly moved after reading ''Phantastes'', and much of Lewis' writing reflect the themes that [=MacDonald=] used. Accordingly, in ''TheGreatDivorce'', Lewis used [=MacDonald=] as a [[TheMentor guiding character]] in the same way that Dante had used Creator/{{Virgil}} in ''Literature/TheDivineComedy''.
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