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[[caption-width-right:350:Lucas with Luke S.(MarkHamill)]]

->''I am more of a visual person than a verbal person.''
-->-- '''George Lucas'''

George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944, Modesto, California), is the man behind ''Franchise/StarWars'' and ''Franchise/IndianaJones''.

In high school, George was a car buff, and wanted to be a professional racer, until a near-fatal crash days before graduation; [=EMTs=] actually [[OnlyMostlyDead declared him dead at the scene]]. After recovering, he attended a community college and turned his passion to filmmaking.

His first work was ''Freiheit'', but his best known pre-Star Wars works are ''Film/THX1138'' and ''AmericanGraffiti''. He co-founded American Zoetrope with Creator/FrancisFordCoppola, to get away from the oppressive Hollywood studio system, and with the success of ''Graffiti'' and ''Star Wars'', founded Lucasfilm. ''THX 1138'' in particular is a frequent source of [[ContinuityNod references]], with "THX" and "1138" appearing in various forms in ''American Graffiti'', ''Star Wars'' and the ''Indiana Jones'' films, not to mention providing the name for the THX soundsystem.

After ''American Graffiti'', George wanted to revive the old serials' spirit, and pitched two ideas: one based on the ''[[Film/FlashGordonSerial Flash Gordon]]'' and ''BuckRogers'' serials (''Franchise/StarWars''); and one based in the Republic serials with an AdventurerArchaeologist (the ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' series, produced by Lucas and directed by his friend Creator/StevenSpielberg).

To create his vision for ''Star Wars'', George formed the FX studio IndustrialLightAndMagic and they revolutionized special effects and post-production techniques. Before, the "spaceship flyby" effect was accomplished by pulling a model ship across a starfield backdrop with a string; very limiting, ''very'' cheap and unconvincing. George worked with John Dykstra to leave the model static, put it against a bluescreen, and move the camera around ''it'' (preventing the shaky look of moving models).

George is infamous for his iron-fisted grip on the ''Star Wars'' franchise. This may be from Warner Bros.'s ExecutiveMeddling in ''THX-1138'' to cut it down and reduce its marketing budget. Many fans blame the perceived faults of the series on Lucas's refusal to accept creative input from others; in other words, he's considered a great producer when he simply oversees his staff developing his general ideas such as Creator/LawrenceKasdan doing script rewrites, but needs a strong staff to make his ideas work.

He's infamous for writing cheesy dialogue - during the filming of ''A New Hope'', MarkHamill is alleged to have told him that "people don't talk like this!", Creator/HarrisonFord complained "you can type this shit, George, but you sure can't say it" and ''Empire'' co-writer Lawrence Kasdan recalled frequently saying "This is a terrible scene, I can't believe George wrote this" while reading Lucas' earlier draft. Even Lucas [[SelfDeprecation called himself]] "the King of Wooden Dialogue".

He also seems to have a fondness for cute alien critters, a fondness which many older ''Star Wars'' fans don't share. This, has contributed to the sizeable {{Hatedom}} he seems to have gathered and the [[BrokenBase fracturing]] of the StarWars fandom between older fans (who grew up with the first three movies) and younger ones (who grew up with the prequel trilogy and animated series).

Lucas is still indisputably a pioneer in film technology and special effects, both in his own films and through IndustrialLightAndMagic. He's a strong advocate for [[HighDefinition digital filmmaking]], having shot the last two Star Wars prequels digitally (and turned Creator/RobertRodriguez onto the technology), and firmly believes that digital filmmaking will lead to an increase of independent productions (at a much lower cost than studio films, due to film reel development) and be surprise successes. He predicted this in the early 1990s, well before the release of ''Film/{{District 9}}''.

Lucas was married to film editor Marcia Lucas (formerly Griffin) between 1969 and 1983 and he has several adopted children, most of whom have cameos in his films. Marcia worked as an editor for ''A New Hope'' and ''Return of the Jedi'', participating in the production of all the three original trilogy movies. In a notable example of CreatorCouple, her main contribution to the original trilogy was to serve as TheHeart, balancing out Lucas' highly technical, visual-minded vision with an emphasis on character development, plot and emotional response - MarkHamill in particular has confirmed this. [[CreatorBreakdown Lucas' divorce from Marcia]], occurring at the same time as Spielberg's divorce from Amy Irving, is cited as a leading cause for the DarkerAndEdgier nature of ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'', as well as [[DevelopmentHell the fate]] of the Prequel Trilogy. It also led to the sale of Creator/{{Pixar}} to Creator/SteveJobs.

While not involved in the creative process, his name resonates in the videogame scene thanks to the videogame branch of his empire, ''[=LucasFilm=] Games'' -later renamed LucasArts- , which experienced a golden age in the 1990s and was responsible for creating many iconic AdventureGames and [[VideoGame/TieFighter Space]] SimulationGames often ranked among the best games ever.

He decided to retire from making big-budget films in May 2012, and in October 2012, turned over Lucasfilm and the ''Franchise/StarWars'' franchise to [[Creator/{{Disney}} Walt Disney Studios]] in a $4 billion deal. In June 2013, he married his girlfriend of seven years, investment executive Mellody Hobson.

!!Projects Involved With:
* ''Film/{{THX 1138}}''
* ''Film/AmericanGraffiti''
* ''Franchise/StarWars'': Well duh, but the most influence he had was with the movies and ''StarWarsTheCloneWars.'' He does a little work with the general EU but isn't quite as involved as sometimes believed.
* ''Film/ApocalypseNow'': Provided financial support with no request for screen credit.
* ''Film/{{Kagemusha}}'': Executive producer.
* ''Body Heat'': Also provided financial support, but specifically avoided a screen credit because of his family-friendly reputation.
* ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' and the ''Young Indiana Jones Chronicles'': Executive producer and story.
* ''Twice Upon a Time'': Executive producer.
* ''Film/CaptainEo'': Executive producer.
* ''Film/{{Labyrinth}}'': Executive producer.
* ''Film/HowardTheDuck'': Executive producer.
* ''Film/{{Willow}}'': Executive producer and story.
* ''Radioland Murders'': Executive producer and story (the project was conceived in TheSeventies but not produced until 1994).
* ''Film/RedTails''

!!Tropes associated with George Lucas:

* AuthorAppeal: High-speed chase sequences. There's always at least one per movie. His car enthusiasm is also evident, all of his films have TechnologyPorn to varying degrees.
* AuteurLicense: Wrote, issued, and certified his license after the huge success of ''Star Wars''. He actually said "screw you" to the Director's Guild in 1981 and left the union after they demanded he put credits at the beginning of ''The Empire Strikes Back''. In his last movies he didn't even need it, as he owned his own studio. In addittion George dislikes [[ExecutiveMeddling production companies messing]] with other people's movies, violating their "moral rights", and has spoken before Congress about this. He argues that only a work's creator should be allowed to make changes to their work as they see fit.
* BecameTheirOwnAntithesis: Experienced so much artistic neutering with his pre-''Star Wars'' movies so much that it literally traumatized him, which led to a near-pathological fear of being told how to make his own movies, which led to his habit of updating ''Star Wars'' every few years.
** This has ended up making him somewhat of a pariah in the general Hollywood system. When ''Empire'' came out he dropped out of the Directors Guild when they started demanding more traditional opening credits for them. Ever since, he strove to make himself completely independent from Hollywood so that he could make his movies his way. With the financial clout ''Star Wars'' gave him, he noted about the time ''Film/RevengeOfTheSith}}'' came out that he has ''become'' his own meddling Hollywood system.
* CreatorBreakdown: As mentioned above, his divorce from Marcia is often considered one.
** He seemed to let the FanDumb of the ''Star Wars'' prequels get to him over time, which probably showed the most in the "Why would I make any more [Star Wars movies], when everybody yells at you all the time and says what a terrible person you are?" quote.
* {{Determinator}}: With the original ''Star Wars'', he was insistent on getting the damn thing made through an infamously TroubledProduction. Afterward, he became a more obsessive-compulsive example in that was less receptive in having the vision that he had for the prequels changed unless he absolutely needed to.
* FanNickname: TheMaker, especially by the fan organization the 501st.
* {{Fanservice}}: Puts it in his movies quite regularly.
* FantasyForbiddingFather: His own father was a RealLife example, never supporting his filmmaking ambitions.
* FlipFlopOfGod: Some of his ideas about what his "original vision" were, although a lot of this was exaggerated by the fandom. He does not say that every change was his original vision or that the prequels were intricately mapped out ahead of time, only that specific items were unable to be realized at the time.
* GeorgeLucasAlteredVersion: Trope namer. He altered ''Star Wars'' and ''THX 1138'' significantly after their initial releases (though the latter was done in response to the ExecutiveMeddling that occurred during production rather than for personal taste).
* GenreThrowback: Formerly "George Lucas Throwback", his works include several well-known examples:
** The original three ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' adventures (''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk'', ''[[Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom Temple of Doom]]'' and ''[[Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade The Last Crusade]]'') were based on 1930s pulp adventures, with ThoseWackyNazis or an [[ReligionOfEvil evil cult]] as the villains, and supernatural, often [[Literature/TheBible Biblical]] forces. ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull'', meanwhile, was rooted in '50s pulp sci-fi, with the atomic bomb and the ColdWar featuring prominently, [[DirtyCommunists the Soviets]] replacing the Nazis, and a plot based around aliens from AnotherDimension.
** ''Franchise/StarWars'': 1930s sci-fi serials among other sources, ''[[Film/FlashGordonSerial Flash Gordon]]'' in particular. (It originated as an attempt to actually revive ''Flash Gordon'', except that Lucas could not buy the rights.)
** ''Film/RedTails'': '40s and '50s war movies. It wasn't directed by Lucas, but he did produce and finance it, and it had been one of his dream projects for years.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: With Creator/StevenSpielberg.
* IconicOutfit: His flannel shirts and jeans.
* {{Irony}}: Lucas survived his near-fatal car accident because his seat belt ''failed''.
* LongTitle: The title of his student film, ''Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB''.
* MerchandiseDriven: Part of what caused the BrokenBase is just how much George has licensed for his various properties, especially ''StarWars''. [[Franchise/StarWarsExpandedUniverse Here's a brief overview]].
* OccidentalOtaku: A major eiga otaku, for many different classic film genres, including JidaiGeki. [[note]] Notably, ''Star Wars''' "Jedi" are named after the Jidaigeki genre, hence their Samurai-like portrayal[[/note]]
* OldShame[=/=]MyGreatestFailure: Has said he wishes to hunt down every copy of ''Film/TheStarWarsHolidaySpecial'' and destroy it, [[MisBlamed even though he wasn't directly involved with it.]]
** Also, he's not proud of ''Film/HowardTheDuck''.
* OnlyMostlyDead: Happened in his teenage years.
* PetTheDog: He could have spent the money he got from the '''''$4,000,000,000''''' deal he made with Disney on anything... But he donated it to public education facilities. In fact, his philanthropy work in general is probably the greatest argument to make against those that see the man as an egomaniacal control freak.
* ProductionPosse: With Creator/HarrisonFord, albeit not intentionally. They got along well as friends but he didn't want Ford to be a part of all his movies like Creator/MartinScorsese and Creator/{{Robert DeNiro}}. But they brought in Ford to read for Han Solo just in the casting process and the crew fell in love with his take on the character. For ''Franchise/IndianaJones'', scheduling issues with Creator/TomSelleck lead them back to Ford once more.
* ReCut: There is precidence of filmmakers re-editing their movies after the original release long before Lucas became the [[ExaggeratedTrope poster-boy for it]], including friends Creator/FrancisFordCoppola for ''Film/ApocalypseNow'' and Creator/StevenSpielberg for ''Film/CloseEncountersOfTheThirdKind''. It's often a source of parody, if not outright {{flanderization}}, WesternAnimation/SouthPark featured a joke that had Lucas remastering home movies.
* {{Retcon}}: The SpecialEdition[=s=] of the original ''Star Wars'' movies and the prequels to said movies count.
* SelfDeprecation: His biggest critic of the dialogue of his movies is likely himself.
* SpecialEdition: TropeNamer and, with Creator/StevenSpielberg, the co-TropeCodifier.
* StockScream: He loves using the Wilhelm Scream in his movies, and it became so famous in ''Star Wars'' that [[FollowTheLeader everybody started using it]].
* TechnicianVersusPerformer: The Technician to Creator/StevenSpielberg's Performer.
* TerseTalker: Creator/MarkHamill has spoken about how short and straightforward his instructions are, such as "Faster, more intense".
* TrollingCreator: One possible interpretation of his more recent behavior. Then again, if ''you'' had a fanbase [[UnpleasableFanbase like that]], you would too.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: Or in this case, what might ''not'' have been. Lucas abandoned his quest to become a race car driver due to a near-fatal accident. If he hadn't had the accident, he might have become a race car driver. On the other hand, he might have died.
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