[[quoteright:258:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Geneon_logo.jpg]]

Geneon Entertainment--or as it's now known, Geneon Creator/{{Universal}}--is one of the world's major anime producers and distributors. The birth and death of their North American division illustrates the current instability and unpredictability of the American anime industry.

The story began in 1993, when Japanese technology giant Pioneer Electronics decided to start an entertainment division in both Japan and America. While Pioneer Entertainment distributed tapes and Laserdiscs in a variety of genres, from [[{{Music}} music]] to [[{{Documentary}} documentaries]], the company became best known as an anime producer and distributor. The company also became a major [=DVD=] supplier when the format became available. Titles first released during the Pioneer years included ''Anime/TenchiMuyo'', ''Anime/SerialExperimentsLain'', ''Anime/LastExile'' and '' Manga/{{Trigun}}''.

In 2003, Pioneer decided to sell off its entertainment division. The buyer was another Japanese corporate giant--Dentsu, an advertising firm. They renamed the company Geneon, which is a portmanteau of the English words '''gen'''erate and '''eon'''. (There was a transitional period, during which new releases carried both the Pioneer and Geneon logos on the packaging.) The new name was meant to signify innovation and longevity, which became bitterly ironic in light of what happened next.

Geneon USA began running into financial problems, despite being a popular and respected name among anime fans. Possible reasons for this included the increasing popularity of [[FanSub fansubs]], Geneon's support of the doomed Mini DVD format, and the company's tendency to license arty MindScrew series with limited commercial appeal (such as ''Anime/ParanoiaAgent'', ''Anime/{{Texhnolyze}}'', and ''Anime/ErgoProxy'') alongside more mainstream titles such as ''Anime/{{Hellsing}}'', ''Anime/SamuraiChamploo'', ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry'', and ''Manga/BlackLagoon''. Whatever the explanation, by 2007, Geneon was in trouble. After an attempted alliance with Creator/ADVFilms (who were having problems of their own) quickly fell apart, Geneon USA announced that by the end of 2007 it would no longer manufacture or distribute [=DVD=]s. Not only did this leave several of its announced but uncompleted titles in limbo, it led many fans to assume that Geneon USA was completely out of business, when it actually still existed as a licensing firm. Still. American and Canadian anime fans spent the better part of a year wondering when--and if--the Geneon catalogue would find a new home.

The story has a happy ending. In 2008, Geneon licensed several of its titles (including most of the incomplete ones) to Creator/{{FUNimation}}, who rereleased them. Select properties were picked up by other labels. (''MoribitoGuardianOfTheSpirit'' went to Creator/MediaBlasters/Anime Works (it eventually went to Creator/VizMedia in 2014); ''Manga/{{Akira}}'' went to Creator/BandaiEntertainment/Honneamise (and later to Creator/FUNimation when Bandai folded); Creator/SentaiFilmworks, the successor to Creator/ADVFilms, wound up rescuing several licenses in 2009 and 2010; ''Anime/ElHazardTheMagnificentWorld'' was reissued by Creator/NozomiEntertainment; Creator/DiscotekMedia released ''Anime/PandaGoPanda'' in 2012.)

Geneon's Japanese corporate parent continues to be one of that country's major entertainment producers and distributors; their properties include not only anime but several mainstream films from around the world, including America. In November 2008, Geneon Japan merged with Creator/{{Universal}} Pictures. The company is now known as Geneon Universal.[[note]]According to Creator/{{Funimation}}, who managed to license several more of Geneon's titles in 2010, the merger process is still going on and they were unable to work on many of Geneon's titles like ''LightNovel/ACertainMagicalIndex'', ''LightNovel/ShakuganNoShana'', and ''Manga/BlackLagoon'' until the merger is finished, which explains the delay of the said titles.[[/note]]

In 2009, Website/AnimeNewsNetwork did an excellent [[http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/anncast/2009-12-03 podcast]] in which former Geneon USA executive Chad Kime talks about the reasons for Geneon America's decline; these include anime series that failed (''Anime/HeatGuyJ'' cost as much as ''Anime/FullmetalAlchemist'' but sold a fraction), budgeting for titles they did not own, and licensing titles because the previous titles didn't make money.

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!!Anime licensed by Geneon include:

[[index]]
* ''Manga/SazanEyes''*
* ''Anime/TheAdventuresOfMiniGoddess''*
* ''Manga/AhMyGoddess: TheMovie''
* ''Manga/AiYoriAoshi''**
* ''{{Manga/Akira}}''*** (later re-released by Bandai, then Creator/FUNimation)
* ''Anime/AmazingNurseNanako''
* ''TabletopGame/AniMayhem''
* ''Manga/{{Appleseed}}''
* ''Anime/ArmitageIII''***
* ''[[Anime/AyakashiSamuraiHorrorTales Ayakashi: Classic Japanese Horror]]''
* ''Manga/BarefootGen''
** ''Manga/BarefootGen 2''
* ''Manga/{{Bastard}}''
* ''Anime/BattleAthletes''*
* ''Anime/BattleAthletes Victory''*
* ''Anime/{{Beyblade}}''
* ''[[Anime/TheLegendOfBlackHeaven Black Heaven]]''*
* ''Manga/BlackLagoon''**
* ''Anime/BottleFairy''
* ''[[Anime/BurnUp Burn Up Scramble]]''
* ''Anime/CaptainHarlock: Endless Odyssey''
* ''Manga/CardCaptorSakura''* (now licensed by [[Creator/NipponIcchi NIS America]].)
* ''Anime/{{Catnapped}}!''*
* ''Manga/{{Chobits}}''***
* ''{{Cybuster}}''*
* ''TheDaichisEarthsDefenseFamily'' *
* ''Anime/DaphneInTheBrilliantBlue''+
* ''Manga/DearS''
* ''Anime/DeltoraQuest''
* ''[[Manga/MaoDante Demon Lord Dante]]''
* ''[[Anime/MakaiSenkiDisgaea Disgaea]]''
* ''Literature/ADogOfFlanders''*
* ''Manga/DokiDokiSchoolHours''
* ''[[LightNovel/{{Dokkoida}} Dokkoida?!]]''+
* ''WesternAnimation/DragonHunters''
* ''[[Anime/ParallelTroubleAdventureDual Dual! Parallel Trouble Adventure]]''*
* ''Anime/ElHazardTheMagnificentWorld''*
* ''Manga/ElementalGelade''**
* ''Anime/ErgoProxy''**
* ''Anime/EXDriver''*
* ''Anime/FafnerInTheAzureDeadAggressor''
* ''LightNovel/TheFamiliarOfZero''**+ (first season only) (first season re-rescued by Creator/SentaiFilmworks when they picked up the fourth season, while skipping the second and third)
* ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight''** (2006 TV series only)
* ''Fighting Spirit'' (HajimeNoIppo)
* ''Manga/FushigiYuugi''*
* ''Anime/GadGuard''
* ''Anime/{{Gankutsuou}}''**
* ''VideoGame/GateKeepers''*
* ''Manga/GhostTalkersDaydream''
* ''Anime/{{Gigantor}}''
* ''Manga/GirlsBravo''**
* ''GreenLegendRan''*
* ''Anime/GregoryHorrorShow''
* ''Anime/GunXSword''**
* ''Anime/HaibaneRenmei''*
* ''TheHakkenden''*
* ''[[HanaukyoMaidTai Hanaukyo Maid Team]]''
* ''HandMaidMay''
* ''Anime/HeatGuyJ''***
* ''Anime/{{Hellsing}}''*
** ''HellsingUltimate''** (Volumes 1-3 only though volume 4 was officially dubbed by Geneon)
* ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry''** (first season only)
* ''HumanCrossing''
* ''HyperDoll''*
* ''Manga/IkkiTousen''*** (first season only)
* ''Anime/JubeiChan'' (second series, ''Jubei-chan II''; original series released by Creator/BandaiEntertainment)
* ''Anime/{{Kamichu}}''**
* ''Manga/KannazukiNoMiko'' (aka DestinyOfTheShrineMaiden)+
* ''Manga/{{Karin}}''**
* ''KishinCorps''*
* ''Manga/KoiKaze''
* ''KyouKaraMaou''** (first season only)
* ''[[LRLicensedByRoyalty L/R: Licensed by Royalty]]''
* ''Anime/LastExile''*** (original 2003 series only)
* ''Manga/TheLawOfUeki''**
* ''Anime/ALittleSnowFairySugar''*+
* ''Anime/LupinIIIRedJacket''*
** ''Anime/TheMysteryOfMamo''* (re-released by Creator/DiscotekMedia with all four dubs)
* ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha''** (except [=StrikerS=])
* ''[[Anime/PrettySammy Magical Project S]]''*
* ''Manga/{{Mahoromatic}}''*+
* ''Anime/MaoChan''*
* ''Manga/MasterKeaton''*
* ''Anime/MelodyOfOblivion''
* ''Manga/MermaidSaga'' (2003 "Mermaid's Forest" TV series only)
* ''Anime/{{Moldiver}}''*
* ''[[Anime/SeireiNoMoribito Moribito: Guardian of the Spirit]]'' (license went to Creator/MediaBlasters, and eventually, to Creator/VizMedia)
* ''{{Nazca}}''*
* ''New Manga/GetterRobo''
* ''NieA7''*
* ''Anime/PandaGoPanda''*
* ''Manga/ParadiseKiss''**
* ''Anime/ParanoiaAgent''
* ''{{Patlabor}} Movie 3: WXIII''
* ''[[Anime/YuugenKaisha Phantom Quest Corp.]]''*
* ''Anime/{{Popotan}}''+
* ''Manga/LePortraitDePetiteCossette''+
* ''PrettySammy''*
* ''Literature/RequiemFromTheDarkness''
* ''Anime/RODTheTV'' (later re-released on Blu-Ray by Creator/AniplexUSA)
* ''RozenMaiden''**+
* ''Creator/RumikoTakahashi Anthology''
* ''Manga/SailorMoon'' (seasons ''S'' and ''[=SuperS=]'', and the three films, dubbed versions by Cloverway) (Now licensed by Creator/VizMedia, who currently has the license to ''all'' of the seasons.)
* ''{{Saiyuki}}'' ''Reload'' and ''Gunlock''
* ''Anime/SakuraWarsTheMovie''*** (later re-released on Blu-Ray by FUNimation.)
* ''Anime/SamuraiChamploo''**
* ''Anime/SerialExperimentsLain''*
* ''LightNovel/ShakuganNoShana''** (first season only; Funimation seems to have rights to future installments)
* ''Anime/SherlockHound''*
* ''ShonenOnmyouji''**
* ''Anime/SolBianca The Legacy''
* ''SomedaysDreamers''+
* ''Anime/TheSoulTaker''*
* ''StarOcean EX''*
* ''Anime/StarshipOperators''
* ''Anime/StellviaOfTheUniverse''
* ''TheStoryOfSaiunkoku''** (first season only; the second season remains unlicensed)
* ''Manga/StrawberryMarshmallow''
* ''Manga/Submarine707R''
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfPhantasia''**
* ''Anime/TenchiMuyo''*
* ''Manga/TenjhoTenge'' (To be re-released by Creator/DiscotekMedia)
* ''Anime/{{Texhnolyze}}''
* ''Anime/TokyoUnderground''
* Distribution of several entries in the ''Franchise/{{Transformers}}'' series in Japan:
** ''WesternAnimation/TheTransformers'' (includes ''[[WesternAnimation/TransformersTheMovie The Movie]]'')*
** ''Anime/TransformersHeadmasters''
** ''Anime/TransformersSuperGodMasterforce''
** ''Anime/TransformersVictory''
** ''WesternAnimation/BeastWars''
** ''Anime/BeastWarsII''
** ''Anime/BeastWarsNeo''
** ''WesternAnimation/BeastMachines''
* ''Manga/{{Trigun}}''***
* ''VisualNovel/{{Tsukihime}}''+
* ''Manga/UltraManiac'' (later picked up by Creator/VizMedia, for streaming at least)
* ''Anime/{{Vandread}}''***
* ''VideoGame/ViewtifulJoe''
* ''Manga/{{X1999}}''*
* ''Manga/{{Zipang}}''
[[/index]]

[=*=] Originally released by Pioneer.\\
[=**=] Rereleased by Creator/{{FUNimation}}.\\
[=***=] Both of the above.\\
[=+=] Rereleased by Creator/SentaiFilmworks.

!! Tropes associated with Geneon Entertainment:
* KeepCirculatingTheTapes: Applies to the titles that have not yet been rescued or were dropped by Creator/{{FUNimation}} like ''VisualNovel/HigurashiWhenTheyCry''.
* MeaningfulName: Back when they were known as Pioneer and were one of the first companies to regularly distribute Anime in North America.
** IronicName: As stated above, Geneon is a portmanteau of the English words '''gen'''erate and '''eon''' meant to signify innovation and longevity. The North American branch would only last for 4 more years before they stopped distributing titles
* NoDubForYou: Mostly averted with their anime catalog as the majority of their titles were dubbed even when the company was in financial trouble. However, their live action catalog plays this trope straight.
* VanillaEdition: Geneon was notorious for this before they went out of business. As a last ditch effort to just save what dwindling money was left, a lot of Geneon title DVD releases such as ''Manga/DearS'', ''Manga/AiYoriAoshi'' and ''Manga/{{Karin}}'' were nothing more than the episodes, and maybe a textless opening and ending. Older series released back when they were still doing fine at least had some trailers, but still nothing much beyond that in terms of extras.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: Their attempted alliance with Creator/ADVFilms.
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