[[quoteright:320:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/foxlogo_7967.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:320:[[WesternAnimation/TheCritic Ah yes. Sweet, non-judgmental Fox Network, where coming in 3rd is a triumph!]] [[note]][[HilariousInHindsight And it's now fighting for]] ''[[HilariousInHindsight first]]''.[[/note]]]]
->''"Oh, the network slogan is true! Watch Fox and be damned for all eternity!"''
-->--'''Ned Flanders''', ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''

Australian media mogul RupertMurdoch came to America in the 1980s in order to buy out the TwentiethCenturyFox film studio and give it a sibling TV network. Murdoch purchased the Metromedia group of six independent stations in UsefulNotes/NewYorkCity, UsefulNotes/LosAngeles, UsefulNotes/{{Chicago}}, [[UsefulNotes/DFWMetroplex Dallas-Fort Worth]], UsefulNotes/WashingtonDC and UsefulNotes/{{Houston}} to serve as the nucleus of the network.

Some of these stations had formerly been a part of the DuMont Network, which came on the air in the late '40s as the nation's third television network. Several problems, like ownership complications, problems keeping talent, and NBC and CBS making sure that they got all the good stations, did it in slowly. [=DuMont=] was finished off by the quick rise of Creator/{{ABC}} in 1954 from an also-ran to a money-making also-ran who could hang in there patiently. For the next thirty years, all attempts at creating a fourth television network (not counting Creator/{{PBS}}, which nobody does anyway) were met with little success, and most of the former group of DuMont stations ended up part of Metromedia, which eventually began to run strong independent stations from the 60's and into the 70's and 80's.

However, Rupert Murdoch had plenty of clout (and cash) on his side, and unlike the failed leaders of fourth networks past, was bound and determined to make Fox successful. By purchasing the Metromedia stations, he could easily influence other stations in other markets to give Fox a try, and have owned-and-operated stations that always cleared the network's programming, no matter what (with the possible exception of breaking news). He had to forfeit his Australian citizenship due to regulations disallowing foreign investors from owning more than a small part of an American television station or networks, meaning he was "all in" on a bet that a fourth network could attain success. Fox would make or break him.

The Creator/{{Fox}} network began broadcasts in 1986 in LateNight with the ''Late Show with Joan Rivers'', but it was more of a whimper than a bang. [[TheTonightShow Johnny Carson]] [[IHaveNoSon disowned]] his former guest host Rivers completely, providing a kiss of death (she was never forgiven by Carson) to the show before it ever began. She lasted less than a year before the show would die a slow death with guest hosts. (Among them was Arsenio Hall, who became popular enough to sign a syndication deal with Paramount after the end of the series.) Fox has never done well in late night and eventually gave the time back to their affiliates to run mainly ''Series/{{Seinfeld}}'' reruns (after ''The Wilton-North Report'' nearly broke up the network completely), and the less said about Chevy Chase's [[OldShame short run on Fox, the better]].

Fox truly launched in April 1987 in primetime, making its name with edgy, risque TV shows like ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'', ''Series/MarriedWithChildren'', ''Series/BeverlyHills90210'', and the pioneering RealityShow ''Series/{{COPS}}''. In 1993, they shocked the industry by picking up the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Football_Conference NFC]] contract for over a billion dollars. The network then signed up with stations owned by [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_World_Communications New World Communications]], owner of stations in several NFC markets (it had previously been Storer Communications of [[UsefulNotes/ToledoOhio Toledo, OH]], a major owner of TV stations, distribution firms and cable systems, only for the stations and distribution assets to be sold to the remnants of New World Pictures, once a B-Movie company started by Creator/RogerCorman, then the former owners of MarvelComics). While Creator/{{ABC}} and Creator/{{NBC}} were hurt by this loss, it had truly devastating effects on Creator/{{CBS}}, who had to move to lower-tier UHF stations in several cities (such as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WGCL-TV channel 46 in Atlanta]], initially set to affiliate with TheWB, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WDJT-TV channel 58 in Milwaukee]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WWJ-TV channel 62 in Detroit]]). To add insult to injury, Fox also signed over football commentators from CBS in addition to plundering its affiliates. The combination of the New World deal and the football contract in the early '90s were responsible for cementing Fox's status as being on par to the three major networks, and sent CBS into a DorkAge that it would take a decade to get out of.

Today, thanks to the success of ''Series/AmericanIdol'', Fox is running neck-and-neck with a now-resurgent CBS for first place in the ratings, eliminating any doubt as to its position on American television. The network is often stereotyped (rightfully or wrongly) for being [[TheFireflyEffect overly trigger-happy]] [[ScrewedByTheNetwork in terms of cancelling shows]], which has been mocked by ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'', [[http://www.reallifecomics.com/archive/080226.html among others]].

Another source of controversy surrounding Fox, alluded to above, is that its content has historically [[GettingCrapPastTheRadar pushed far]] [[HotterAndSexier more boundaries]] than its broadcast competition, making it a frequent target of MoralGuardians (ironic, considering [[FoxNewsChannel their news division's]] [[StrawmanNewsMedia reputation]]). ''TheSimpsons'' character Bart Simpson was seen as promoting juvenile delinquency, ''MarriedWithChildren'' was subject to a boycott attempt by a Michigan {{housewife}} due to its raunchy content (which [[NoSuchThingAsBadPublicity only increased its ratings]]), and trashy {{reality show}}s like ''The Swan'', ''Married by America'', ''Temptation Island'' and ''Who Wants to Marry a Multi-Millionaire?'' managed to disgust nearly everyone. In TheNineties, Fox was also famous for running [[{{Mondo}} shockumentaries]] like the ''[[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0293702/ When Animals Attack!]]'' specials and ''World's Wildest Police Videos''.

FoxNewsChannel also dominates [[TwentyFourHourNewsNetworks cable news]], coming in as the number-one rated cable news network in 2007, hosting the number-one rated cable news TalkShow, ''TheOReillyFactor'' (which has held the spot for one hundred months in a row), and grossing more viewers than the other cable news networks combined. However it is always important to note that Fox and Fox News are completely different operations, and even some of the network's affiliates go out of their way to make sure that viewers know that in their local news coverage. ''Fox News Sunday'', however, is a staple of Sunday mornings on the network, and State of the Union Addresses and Presidential election coverage on the network are produced by Fox News. Sister cable network Fox Business Network is a SpiritedCompetitor to CNBC with a much deeper pro-business slant.

FoxKids utterly dominated children's television throughout TheNineties, and them, ''Creator/KidsWB'', and ''TheDisneyAfternoon'' waged war for the hearts and minds of American children through what could be considered one of the finest and last moments for children's broadcast television programming. However a muddled strategy after Fox bought the [[Creator/ABCFamily Family Channel]] in 1997 did in Fox Kids eventually, and by 2001 Fox had sold out most of the Fox Kids library and Fox Family itself to Disney and ended the broadcast block in 2002. For the next six years the time was leased out to 4Kids, until a conflict between the two ended in a breakup and 4Kids taking their ball to Creator/TheCW, leaving the Saturday morning time to a network programmed block of {{Infomercial}}s which is completely ignored by everyone, including it seems Fox.

Fox through their cable division also runs a number of general networks, including {{Creator/FX}}, the FX/Fox Movie Channel (which is like Turner Classic Movies, but with solely older films from the Twentieth Century Fox libraries during the day as Fox Movie Channel, and recent films and more commercials during the night as FX Movie Channel), and the National Geographic Channels, both the original network and National Geographic Wild, which replaced the Fox Reality Channel. Spanish viewers are targeted with the upstart Utilisima network, and since August 13, 2012, the broadcast Mundo Fox network, which draws from the network's deep reserve of Latin American and European Spanish programming.

Fox also owns a number of regional sports networks, most of which are now branded "Fox Sports (insert region here)" (previously branded as "FS(insert region or name of team being broadcast here)", with some owned by [=DirecTV=] under the branding ''Root Sports''). They also ran Fox Soccer Channel (which would later morph into a comedy-oriented spinoff of FX, FXX, in September 2013), but still run Fox Soccer Plus, which broadcasts portions of the EnglishPremierLeague, Serie A, Barcelona FC and UEFA Champions League, along with both Sky News and Sky Sports News under the hope that the beautiful game will catch on in America eventually, a bet that paid off as Fox will be the US English language broadcaster of the 2018 and 2022 WorldCup. Also owned by Fox is Fox Sports 1, a new all-sports network seeking to challenge ESPN's dominance (it was previously known as Speed/SPEED Channel (and before that, Speedvision), and was more known as {{NASCAR}}'s official network), and companion network Fox Sports 2, which was previously known as Fuel TV, and showed mainly extreme sports. In 2011, Fox began carrying the [[UsefulNotes/UltimateFightingChampionship UFC]], which is considered a major step in legitimizing that sport further, and sees some programming on Fox Sports 1 and 2.

On a smaller note, Fox also has their hands in radio via Creator/ClearChannel, which distributes two networks from them; Fox News Radio, which provides a traditional radio news service to radio stations with FNC anchors, along with a few full-fledged talk shows. Fox Sports Radio is the SpiritedCompetitor to the larger Creator/{{ESPN}} Radio with mainly sports talk, but no play-by-play rights outside of local stations affiliated to them which have their region's teams. (There is a simulcast of the audio portion of ''Fox NFL Sunday''.) A lesser program, ''Fox All Access'', was one of those weekend shows that aired on pop music stations and play current tracks and promotes Fox shows and films; it used to promote Creator/FoxKids programming (known as the Fox Kids Countdown) until that block's passing in 2002, and finally faded away in June 2012.

The Fox name is used for several Murdoch-owned channels across the world, including the British/Irish channels Fox and Fox+, and the Fox Life suite of channels in Europe and South America. In Australia, the name is used both for the [=FoxTel=] cable and satellite television service (quarter-owned by News Corporation) and their general entertainment cable network, which is sandwiched between Creator/SevenNetwork and Creator/NineNetwork and named Fox 8 in an attempt to establish parity between them and the broadcast networks, as well as an Australian version of Fox Sports.

!!Shows on Fox:

[[index]]
* ''Series/TwentyOneJumpStreet''
* ''Series/TwentyFour''
* ''Series/AlienNation''
* ''WesternAnimation/AllenGregory''
* ''Series/AllyMcBeal''
* ''Series/AlmostHuman''
* ''WesternAnimation/AmericanDad''
* ''Series/AmericanIdol''
* ''Series/ArrestedDevelopment''
* ''WesternAnimation/AxeCop''
* ''Series/TheBenStillerShow''
* ''Series/BeverlyHills90210''
** ''Series/MelrosePlace''
* ''WesternAnimation/BobsBurgers''
* ''Series/{{Bones}}''
* ''Series/BostonPublic''
* ''WesternAnimation/CityHunters'' (Also a co-producer with AXE products, on the FOX Latin American Channels)
* ''WesternAnimation/TheClevelandShow''
* ''Series/{{Cops}}''
* ''Series/{{Cosmos}}: A Spacetime Odyssey''
* ''Series/{{Dollhouse}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy''
* ''Series/{{Firefly}}''
* ''Series/TheFollowing''
* ''Series/FortuneHunter''
* ''Series/FreeRide''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}''
* ''Series/{{Gang Related}}''
* ''Series/{{Glee}}''
* GregTheBunny (first season only)
* ''Series/{{Gotham}}
* ''Series/HellsKitchen''
* ''WesternAnimation/HighSchoolUSA''
* ''Series/HotelHell''
* ''Series/InLivingColor''
* ''Series/TheInside''
* ''Series/JoeMillionaire'' (2003) and ''The Next Joe Millionaire'' (later the same year)
* ''Series/KindredTheEmbraced''
* ''WesternAnimation/KingOfTheHill''
* ''Series/KitchenNightmares''
* ''Series/MADtv''
* ''Series/MalcolmInTheMiddle''
* ''Married by America'' (2003)
* ''Series/MarriedWithChildren''
* ''Series/MasterChef''
* ''Series/{{Millennium}}''
* ''Series/TheMindyProject''
* ''My Big Fat Obnoxious FiancÚ'' (2004)
* ''WesternAnimation/NapoleonDynamite''
* ''Series/NewGirl''
* ''Series/NewYorkUndercover''
* ''Series/PartyOfFive''
* ''Series/ThePitts''
* ''WesternAnimation/ThePJs'' (first two seasons)
* ''Series/PrisonBreak''
* ''Series/RaisingHope''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons''
* ''WesternAnimation/SitDownShutUp''
* ''Series/{{Skin}}''
* ''Series/SleepyHollow''
* ''Series/SoYouThinkYouCanDance''
* ''Series/StrangeLuck''
* ''Series/TheStreet''
* ''Temptation Island'' (2001)
* ''Series/TerraNova''
* ''Series/That70sShow''
* ''Series/TheTick''
* ''Series/TilDeath''
* ''Series/{{Titus}}''
* ''Series/{{Touch}}''
* ''Series/TruCalling''
* ''Series/TheWarAtHome''
* ''Who Wants to Marry a Multi-Millionaire?'' (2000)
* ''Series/{{Wonderfalls}}''
* ''Series/TheXFactor''
* ''Series/TheXFiles''
[[/index]]
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