Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1803–1873) was a British author, poet, playwright, and politician. In his time, he was a critically respected best-selling author. He is famous for coining the phrases "The pen is mightier than the sword," "the almighty dollar," and "the great unwashed." One of his novels was later turned into an opera by Music/RichardWagner, and another became the first Western novel to be translated into Japanese. He was also a successful politician; he served as a Member of Parliament for a number of years, including a period as Secretary of State for the Colonies, during which he was instrumental in helping found the Crown colony of British Columbia, for which he is memorialized by the town of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lytton,_British_Columbia Lytton]]. In 1866 he was elevated to the peerage for his services, as 1st Baron Lytton.
Of course, these days, [[SmallReferencePools the only thing anyone remembers him for]] is the line "ItWasADarkAndStormyNight," the full quote of which has been famously derided as a shameless example of PurpleProse. It also inspired the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulwer-Lytton_Fiction_Contest Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest]]. If he's remembered for a second thing, it's for telling his good friend Creator/CharlesDickens that Dickens should [[RevisedEnding change the ending]] for ''Literature/GreatExpectations'', which Dickens subsequently did.
His more famous works include:
* ''Paul Clifford'' (1830), source of the famous "dark and stormy night" opening.
* ''The Last Days of Pompeii'' (1834), which has been adapted into a number of films and theatrical performances in recent years.
* ''The Coming Race'' (1871; later republished as ''Vril: The Power of the Coming Race''), a foray into ScienceFiction inspired by his lifelong interest in the occult. According to rumors, it served as the inspiration for both [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Coming_Race#Vril_society a British occult secret society]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bovril Bovril]].