Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 March 19, 1950) was an American author of numerous pulp fiction heroic adventures. The most famous are ''Literature/{{Tarzan}}'', set in DarkestAfrica, and ''Literature/JohnCarterOfMars'', but other lands are used: jungles and islands thoroughout the world, [[PlanetaryRomance Venus]] in the ''Literature/{{Amtor}}'' series, and [[BeneathTheEarth the hollow center of the earth]] ''Literature/{{Pellucidar}}'', one of several literary examples of the HollowWorld.

TropeMaker for many aspects of PlanetaryRomance. An influence on SwordAndSorcery, despite the SF veneer to all the marvels. Lots of books [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Author:Edgar_Rice_Burroughs here]]

Most definitely not to be confused with Creator/WilliamSBurroughs.[[note]] Unless you're Creator/PhilipJoseFarmer, who wrote a Burroughs+Burroughs pastiche.[[/note]]

!!Works by Edgar Rice Burroughs with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/{{Amtor}}'' series
* ''Literature/JohnCarterOfMars'' series
* ''Literature/TheLandThatTimeForgot'' series
* ''Literature/TheMadKing''
* ''Literature/TheMonsterMen''
* ''Literature/TheMoonMaid'' series
* ''Literature/{{Pellucidar}}'' series
* ''Literature/{{Tarzan}}'' series
!!Tropes featured in his other works:

* ActionGirl: His heroines never lack pluck and while not the fighter the hero is, often can weigh in on a fray.
* AllCavemenWereNeanderthals: Averted in ''The Eternal Lover'' (aka ''The Eternal Savage''); Nu and his people live in caves, but they appear to be modern humans.
* ArtificialGravity: ''Beyond Thirty'', a.k.a. ''The Lost Continent'', is set in the 22nd century, and the protagonist starts out traveling on an airship lofted by anti-gravity.
* BirthmarkOfDestiny: In ''The Outlaw of Torn'', Norman of Torn has a lily-shaped birthmark on his right breast, which eventually proves that he's Prince Richard, lost heir to UsefulNotes/HenryTheThird.
* BlueBlood: Constantly. A hero, or heroine, not of Royal Blood is at least this.
* CanNotSpitItOut: All over the place.
* CanonWelding:
** Jason Gridley is introduced in ''[[{{Literature/Pellucidar}} Tanar of Pellucidar]]'', meets Literature/{{Tarzan}} in ''Tarzan at the Earth's Core'', appears in ''[[Literature/JohnCarterOfMars A Fighting Man of Mars]]'', and is mentioned in ''Literature/PiratesOfVenus''.
** The technology for the Moon mission from ''Literature/TheMoonMaid'' was [[Literature/JohnCarterOfMars Barsoomian]] in origin.
** Tarzan is a supporting character in ''The Eternal Lover'', whose central character is the sister of the hero of ''Literature/TheMadKing''; thereby bringing those otherwise non-series novels into the fold.
* ContemporaryCaveman:
** The novel ''The Eternal Lover'' (a.k.a. ''The Eternal Savage'' and ''Sweetheart Primeval''). A cliff-dwelling warrior of 100,000 years ago, Nu, is magically transported to the present, falls in love with Victoria Custer of Beatrice, Nebraska, the reincarnation of his lost lover Nat-ul, and the two are transported back to the Stone Age.
** The short story "The Resurrection of Jimber Jaw" features an unfrozen caveman with politically uncorrect views.
* ContrivedCoincidence: His plots are stuffed with them.
* CultureClash: An ingredient of a big percentage of Burroughs' books, especially in the LostWorld and PlanetaryRomance stories.
* DirtyCoward: More than one of his villains.
* FrazettaMan: Burroughs' books are full of these guys. It's also worth noting that just having a Frank Frazetta painting on a book's cover is said to have sold a lot of books that might not have sold otherwise.
* LoinCloth: The official dress code in many a Burroughs novel.
* LostWorld: In ''Beyond Thirty'', a.k.a. ''The Lost Continent'', a group of shipwrecked American mariners in the 22nd century explore the savage lost continent of Europe. In this future history (the story was published in 1915), World War I never ended because eventually no organized government was left to make peace. The United States never entered the war, and in fact made laws forbidding any ship to cross certain lines of longitude (hence the original title).
* LoveAtFirstSight: Common method of choosing a mate for a Burroughs hero.
* LoveHurts: Common ''result'' of choosing a mate for a Burroughs hero.
* MamasBabyPapasMaybe: In ''Beyond Thirty'', a savage tribe is advanced enough to recognize paternity, but matrilineal because of this trope, and not being advanced enough to pull off any monogamous marriages.
* MilitaryMashupMachine: The protagonist of ''Beyond Thirty'' (alternate title ''The Lost Continent'') is the captain of a Pan-American Navy "aero-sub" -- a submarine capable of AntiGravity flight. Sadly, he doesn't have his vessel throughout most of the story, having been thrown overboard by a mutineer in the first chapter.
* ObliviousToLove: Your typical Edgar Rice Burroughs hero needs to be hit over the head with a club, several times, before he realizes that he has fallen in love with the heroine.
* OhWaitThisIsMyGroceryList: Happens to the Prime Minister in ''Minidoka: 937th Earl of One Mile Series M''.
* RagsToRoyalty: The title character of ''The Cave Girl'' was a ship-wrecked child of Spanish nobility.
* ReadingTheStageDirectionsOutLoud: The Prime Minister in ''Minidoka: 937th Earl of One Mile Series M''.
* RoyalBrat: The Leper King Lodivarman in ''The Land of Hidden Men''.
* StrictlyFormula: Burroughs stuck, most of the time, to a formula plot. His occasional departures were often less successful.
* WhipSword: The spear-whips in ''Minidoka: 937th Earl of One Mile Series M''.