Chrétien de Troyes was a French poet in the late 12th century, most well known for his [[KingArthur Arthurian romances]]. He introduced the [[LoveTriangle affair between Queen Guinevere and Lancelot]] and the FisherKing into the Arthur mythos, and greatly influenced later writers. His {{epic poem}}s about Knights of the Table Round were seminal works of the ChivalricRomance genre, and [[FollowTheLeader emulated countless times]] by later poets.

His final work, ''Perceval, the Story of the Grail'', was never finished due to AuthorExistenceFailure, although several other poets attempted to finish it.

!! The Arthurian romances of Chrétien de Troyes are:
* ''Erec and Enide''
* ''Cligès''
* ''Yvain, the Knight of the Lion''
* ''Lancelot, the Knight of the Cart''
* ''Perceval, the Story of the Grail''
!! Tropes in Chrétien's romances:

* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: In his time, criticism of the ruling court was... unwise. de Troyes gets around this by combining two tropes. First, it was certainly common opinion that the GoodOldWays were [[AppealToTradition better]], so even the aristocracy of the day would agree that Arthur and his advisers were more noble, more courtly, more enlightened. After driving that uncontroversial point home, de Troyes then mentions how the court of Arthur was not that interesting most of the time, filled with petty bickering, people waiting for things to happen, and Arthur himself falling asleep at the table out of boredom. It was his way of saying "these guys certainly had their problems, and you're nowhere near as good as they were."
* LoveTriangle: Between Arthur, Guinevere and Lancelot.
* YourCheatingHeart: Guinevere's extramarital love affair with Lancelot.