->''"There is very little you can beat into a child, but no limit to what you can hug out of it."''
-->--'''Astrid Lindgren'''

Astrid Lindgren (1907-2002) was a UsefulNotes/{{Swed|en}}ish author of children's books. Her books have been translated into 85 languages, published in more than a hundred countries and sold more than 145 million copies. She has written dozens of books; some of the most famous ones are ''Literature/PippiLongstocking'', ''Mio, My Mio'', and ''Literature/KarlssonOnTheRoof''. They verge from the relatively mundane (''The Children of Noisy Village'') to children's detective stories (the ''Bill Bergson'' series) to straight-out fantasy (''Literature/RonjaTheRobbersDaughter'', ''Literature/TheBrothersLionheart'') A good chunk of her books have been turned into movies or TV-series (most of the movies are edited from TV-footage though).

She has an asteroid named for her; on learning this, she commented that henceforth they could call her "Asteroid Lindgren". She also did narrated readings of many of her books for Swedish television and radio.

She was Sweden's very own Dear Grandmother.

!! Works of hers on the wiki:

* ''Literature/TheBrothersLionheart''
* ''Literature/KarlssonOnTheRoof''
* ''Literature/{{Madicken}}''
* ''Literature/PippiLongstocking''
* ''Literature/RonjaTheRobbersDaughter''
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!! Astrid Lindgren's books provide examples of:

* ActionGirl: Any girl protagonist of Lindgren has a good chance of having at least some elements of this, especially in the books with fantastic elements. [[Literature/PippiLongstocking Pippi]] and [[Literature/RonjaTheRobbersDaughter Ronja]] are the clearest examples, but there are many others.
* [[ABoyAndHisX A Girl And Her Dog]]: Tjorven of ''Vi På Saltkråkan'' ("Seacrow Island") and her huge St. Bernard dog, Båtsmann. While several children in other Lindgren stories have pets (most often dogs) and are very close to them, Tjorven and her dog are absolutely inseparable and their friendship very central to their story.
* AllMythsAreTrue: ''Literature/TheBrothersLionheart'' and Mio.
* AnnoyingYoungerSibling: A few show up in the various books; most of them tend to be {{Breakout Character}}s.
** Perhaps most straight-up example is Lotta, the BreakoutCharacter of the ''Children of Troublemaker Street'' book, who is a real pain in the neck to her older brother and sister more often than she's not, and who completely takes over as the star of the the sequel and subsequent short stories while the older siblings [[DemotedToExtra only get a few cameo appearances.]]
** Lisabet, the younger sister of Madicken/Mischievous Meg, also has notable traits of an AnnoyingYoungerSibling, though in this case the sisters are much more a double act and tend to get in trouble ''together.'' Not ''as'' much of a BreakoutCharacter as Lotta, as Madicken herself remains the viewpoint character, but gets ADayInTheLimelight fairly often.
** Lillebror of the ''Literature/KarlssonOnTheRoof'' stories is definitely one in the eyes of his older siblings, though he's also the viewpoint character for the books, and compared to Karlsson he's downright angelic.
* AuthorTract: And AuthorAvatar, at the same time: ''Pomperipossa in Monismania'' is about a writer of childrens' books who lives in a country that, while mostly a fairish place to live, has quirks in the tax system that lead to the marginal tax rate being 102% for Pomperipossa. It was written in reaction to Lindgren finding out that her marginal tax rate was... 102%, as an unintended consequence of the combination of self-employment and a high income. SomeAnvilsNeedToBeDropped may apply; the story lead to a fairly intensive debate regarding taxes, and may even have been a decisive factor in the Social Democrats losing the elections to the Riksdag that year, for the first time in 40 years.
* BigEater: Karlsson-on-the-roof.
* BittersweetEnding: Several of her short stories have these; in a few of them one or more of the protagonists either die or are heavily implied to die, but usually life for those who are left behind goes on, and sometimes even gets better:
** [[spoiler: In ''Most Beloved Sister,'' seven year old Barbara feels unloved and unwanted at home after the birth of her baby brother, and has magical adventures with her "secret twin sister" Lalla-Lee, who may or may not be imaginary -- at the end of the story, Lalla-Lee dies and the magical world is closed off, but Barbara comes to the realization that her parents do still love her, and she gets the puppy she's always wanted.]]
** [[spoiler: In ''The Red Bird,'' orphans Matthew and Anna live a harsh life, but frequently escape to a secret place that, once again, may or may not be imaginary; a paradise where they're taken care of and loved. At the end, they [[IChooseToStay choose to stay in this paradise]] rather than return to their dreary lives, which pretty heavily implies that they die.]]
** [[spoiler: ''My Nightingale is Singing'' features the recently-orphaned Maria, who throughout the story takes comfort and inspiration from the words of a story she hears -- "my linden plays, my nightingale is singing." Though she effectively dies at the end of the story, her spirit lives on as a playing linden tree, which with its music does bring her friends at the poorhouse the beauty and joy she wanted to give them.]]
* ChangelingFantasy: Mio's father was not a scoundrel, he had to go away and rule his realm... and search for his son, whose mother died in childbirth, all over the world for years and years to bring him home as the prince of the Land Far Away.
* ChildrenAreCruel: Several examples, though there's seldom any real malice behind their cruelty.
* CounterpartComparison: ''Mio my son''. The book takes place in a fantasy world where a reluctant hero and his loyal sidekick ventures into a barren wasteland to overthrow an evil overlord who lives in a tower with a red glowing eye in it - and he is solely responsible for making his land a complete desert. The book was published in 1953, [[Literature/TheLordOfTheRings Coincidentally at the same time as a certain other novel, telling the story of a reluctant hero and his loyal sidekick, who ventures into a barren wasteland, to overthrow an evil overlord, living in a tower where a red glowing eye can be seen]]. ''And this is, by the way, completely coincidental!''
* DeadpanSnarker: Quite a few characters show this from time to time, though Karlsson-on-the-Roof and Literature/PippiLongstocking are the clearest examples.
* DawsonCasting: The actor playing the oldest brother in the movie version of ''The Brothers Lionheart'' is significantly older than his character was in the book. Though it's never actually mentioned how old he is in the movie, so this might just be a case of AgeLift. It also does pay off in the end, since this makes him a credible leader of LaResistance.
** {{Inverted}} and played with with the live-action Karlsson-on-the-roof, who is played by a child actor and overdubbed with the voice of an adult man, further underlining the VagueAge of the character.
* DeathByChildbirth: The fate of Mio's mother.
* DownerEnding: The short story ''The Dragon With The Red Eyes.'' [[spoiler:The baby dragon leaves forever, and the story ends with the first-person narrator crying because she'll never see him again.]]
* FirstNameUltimatum: "EEEEEMIIIIL!!!"
* FrothyMugsOfWater: Averted. Alcohol is rare in Lindgren's stories, but she doesn't shy away from it or from descibing its destructive effects either. For example, the family in ''Emil of Lönneberga'' is mostly sober, since the father is a deacon, but the father is clearly drunk after having been bought beer by a neighbour at the fair in Vimmerby, the farmhands drink vodka and brawl at an auction, and Emil's own experiences with his mother's cherry wine dregs take up an entire story arc.
* TheGayNineties: While not *exactly* the same (most of the stories would take place in the early 20th century) the depiction of rural Sweden in eg. ''Emil of Lönneberga'' and ''Children of the Noisy Village'' has much in common with this trope.
* GreatGazoo: Karlsson from the eponymous book. Not really powerful as Great Gazoos go, but still qualifies.
* HeelFaceTurn: Not surprisingly, happens with Nicke, the kindest of the villains in ''Bill Bergson and the Great White Rose Rescue.'' [[spoiler: It looks like it's going to be a case of RedemptionEqualsDeath, as he is shot and wounded by his former boss, but it turns out the gunshot wasn't fatal, and he survives.]]
* HowDoYouLikeThemApples: The sign that Mio is the prince of the Land of Faraway.
* ImaginaryFriend: Lalla-Lee, the protagonist's "secret twin sister" from the short story ''Most Beloved Sister,'' is ''probably'' one of these. [[NotSoImaginaryFriend Then]] [[MaybeMagicMaybeMundane again]]...
* IntergenerationalFriendship: There are a lot of them in Lindgren's books, but the quintessential example is the one between Emil and Alfred in the ''Emil'' books.
** Another notable one is between Rasmus and Paradis-Oskar in ''Rasmus and the Vagabond.''
* InvisibilityCloak: Mio has one.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Karlsson-on-the-roof. He's selfish, he's vain, he sulks whenever he doesn't get his way, he has no qualms about lying, cheating or stealing. But he never means any real harm, and he does get some real PetTheDog moments (sometimes literally, as he's shown as being quite kind to dogs).
** Emil's father also qualifies as this. He's an insufferable cheapskate and overly temperamental, but at the end of the day he's really quite soft-hearted.
* KarmaHoudini: Thanks to his status as EscapistCharacter, Karlsson-on-the-roof ''never'' suffers the consequences of any of the mischief he gets up to.
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall: In the otherwise fairly realistic ''Bill Bergson and the White Rose Rescue'', Bill and Anders at one point half-jokingly philosophize about the possibility of them being fictional characters in a book, and how they can't be ''sure'' they aren't, because they wouldn't have been written with the knowledge that they are.
* LikeBrotherAndSister: Ronja and Birk (possible subversion, in that they decide to be brother and sister, and call each other that on several occasions, but there are hints that the relationship could grow to be something more in later years. Birk's mother is certainly convinced of that, and none too pleased about it.)
* LiteraryAgentHypothesis: The ''Emil'' books are supposedly based on the writings of Emil's mother, who meticulously wrote down all of Emil's pranks in blue notebooks. Sometimes Lindgren directly quotes from these books either before or after telling about the incident in greater detail, often adding her own thoughts about them and at one point criticizing Emil's mother for being too inaccurate and leaving out important details.
* MafiaPrincess: Ronja has some of these characteristics. When she finds out what a robber actually DOES she runs away from home.
* {{Mordor}}: The dark land ruled by Kato in ''Mio'' and Karmanjaka in "The Brothers Lionheart".
* MaybeMagicMaybeMundane: Several of the stories, especially the short stories, leave it fairly ambiguous whether the fantastic things are actually happening or whether it's all just a product of the child protagonist's imagination.
* MostWritersAreAdults: Jonatan Lionheart is a prime example of this trope. He's aged up for the movie and it makes much more sense that way.
* MundaneAfterlife: ''Literature/TheBrothersLionheart'' has an odd example. Nangijala is "The land of stories and campfires" but is generally pretty normal. Then it turns out that there may be another afterlife after that.
* NaiveNewcomer: Mio, and [[Literature/TheBrothersLionheart Skorpan]]
* NoodleIncident: The author "has been sworn to secrecy" about what Emil did on the Third of November, so she teases the readers about it at every opportunity. That was the time the villagers took up a collection to send Emil to America.
* NotSoImaginaryFriend: Karlsson, at least in the beginning.
* OurDragonsAreDifferent: Katla is a big honking lizard, scared of loud noises and breathes fire that will kill or paralyze you.
** The titular dragon of ''The Dragon With The Red Eyes'' is a tiny baby dragon unexpectedly born from a pig. This is never explained, nor is the baby dragon, who is quite mischievous and troublesome, but also cute and loveable in his own way.
* PrecisionFStrike: In Emil of Lönneberga, the farmhand Alfred tries for a long time to come up with a way to tell the maid Lina that he is not interested in marrying her, keeps stalling because he wants to say it in "A somewhat nice way" in order to not hurt her feelings. Ultimately, he tells her; "You know Lina, that engagement we have been talking about? I really think we should screw that." The narrator then explains to the reader that "I do not want to teach you any bad words, but that was really the best poor Alfred could come up with."
** Later on, Emil goes through a number of really severe swearwords with his little sister, but does so only to teach her things she must absolutely never say.
* PigLatin: The Bill Bergson books invented [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%B6varspr%C3%A5ket Rövarspråket]], which has become the Swedish equivalent of Pig Latin and is still in fairly wide use 60 years later.
* ThreeAmigos: Bill, Anders and Eva-Lotta in the ''Bill Bergson'' books. They can also be seen as a FreudianTrio, with Bill as the Superego, Eva-Lotta as the Ego and Anders as the Id.
* TorturedMonster: The villain of ''Mio, my Mio'' has a heart of stone, seemingly literally. He is in constant agony from its chafing in his chest, and begs to be killed at the end.
* VagueAge: Karlsson. Is he a child or an adult, or simply an ageless creature of fantasy? When asked, he only says that he's "a man in his prime" but doesn't elaborate further.
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