'''Arthur Miller''' (1915 -- 2005) is considered, alongside Creator/EugeneONeill and Creator/TennesseeWilliams, America's greatest playwright. His play ''Theatre/DeathOfASalesman'' is generally considered one of the finest dramatic works of the 20th Century.
He's also known for his other works such as : ''All My Sons, The Crucible, A View from the Bridge, After the Fall'' as well as the screenplay for Film/TheMisfits. Among the general public, Miller is overshadowed by his second marriage to Creator/MarilynMonroe, who acted in ''The Misfits'' and who is also the subject of ''After the Fall''. They divorced in 1961 and she would die two years later.
Born in New York to Jewish immigrants, Miller grew up in a lower-middle class family. He studied English and college and by the time he graduated it was at the height of TheGreatDepression (aka the "Red Decade"). Miller found work in the New Deal's Theatre Projects (which in addition to Miller also employed Creator/OrsonWelles, Creator/EliaKazan, Aaron Copland and several other key figures in the performing arts). Miller was known for being highly political as a writer and playwright. He was inspired by Creator/HenrikIbsen and it was his goal as a playwright to create a "tragedy for the common man". His plays often castigated against capitalism, ConspicuousConsumption, religious fanaticism which tended to clamp down on the individual. Naturally this led to Miller getting an appointment from [[UsefulNotes/TheHollywoodBlacklist the House Committee of Un-American Activities]] in 1956. Miller was already under suspicion since his passport to visit London had not been approved by the Federal government and it was after Miller applied for a renewal of his passport that he got an official invitation. Miller refused to "name names" and was cited in contempt but he successfully appealed against it, and walked out of the hearings.
He remained an active playwright until his final years, though critics generally feel that he peaked early in his career. His most famous production was a tour to China where he produced ''Death of a Salesman'' in Peking. He was an enormously influential writer in the second half of the 20th Century, greatly influencing many novelists, playwrights and film-makers. His autobiography ''Timebends'' is also regarded as one of the best memoirs of the 20th Century.
!! Selected Works (on this site)
* ''Film/TheMisfits'' (screenplay by Miller, directed by Creator/JohnHuston)