->''[[ChekhovsGun "If in the first act you have hung a pistol on the wall, then in the following one it should be fired. Otherwise don't put it there."]]''
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov was a Russian short-story writer, playwright and physician in the turn of the previous century. He's best known for his dramatic works, and especially his four major plays: ''Theatre/TheSeagull'', ''Three Sisters'', ''Theatre/UncleVanya'' and ''Theatre/TheCherryOrchard''. His plays seem to be nearly-plotless character studies. Although they're often about how depressed people are with the lives they lead, Chekhov referred to his plays as Comedies (aside from ''Three Sisters''). His main objective with his work was to get people to see the pain in their lives and make a change. He worked as a doctor most of his life, and there are many doctors as characters in his work. His plays were not well-received initially, and he almost gave up writing after the first production of ''The Seagull'' was a bomb... and then it was revived four years later by the Moscow Art Theater and was a huge smash hit.
He had some the greatest last words ever: "It has been a long time since I tasted champagne," right after his last sip.
He is strongly associated with Stanislavski (the father of Method acting), who considered himself ''the'' expert on Chekhov's plays. Chekov disagreed, as Stanislavski insisted on playing Chekov's comedies completely straight.
He is also the TropeNamer for the ubiquitous-on-this-site ChekhovsGun.
!! His works on the wiki: