[[quoteright:330:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Abbott_and_Costello_9396.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:315:Bud Abbott (left) and Lou Costello (right)]]

->''"Hey, Abboooooooott!"''

Bud Abbott and Lou Costello were a ComedyDuo who worked together from 1935 to 1957, starting out in {{burlesque}} theatre and expanding into radio, television and films. They're best known for their signature routine, [[WhosOnFirst in which Abbott attempts to tell Costello about a baseball team whose players have confusing nicknames like "Who" and "What"]]. ("[[TropeNamers Who's on first?]]" "Yes.")

In 1940 they appeared together in a supporting role in the film ''One Night in the Tropics'', and stole the show. The following year, they had their first star vehicle, ''Buck Privates''. They went on to make over 30 films, remaining top-10 box office draws for the next decade. They also starred in ''[[TheEponymousShow The Abbott and Costello Show]]'', a weekly sitcom-cum-sketch show that aired on radio from 1942-49 and on syndicated TV from 1952-54.

A list of their films:
* ''One Night in the Tropics'' (1940)
* ''Buck Privates'' (1941)
* ''In the Navy'' (1941)
* ''Hold That Ghost'' (1941)
* ''Keep 'Em Flying'' (1941)
* ''Ride 'Em Cowboy'' (1942)
* ''Pardon My Sarong'' (1942)
* ''Who Done It?'' (1942)
* ''Rio Rita'' (1942)
* ''It Ain't Hay'' (1943)
* ''Hit the Ice'' (1943)
* ''In Society'' (1944)
* ''Lost in a Harem'' (1944)
* ''Abbott and Costello in Hollywood'' (1945)
* ''Here Come the Co-Eds'' (1945)
* ''The Naughty Nineties'' (1945)
* ''Little Giant'' (1946)
* ''The Time of Their Lives'' (1946)
* ''Buck Privates Come Home'' (1947)
* ''Film/TheWistfulWidowOfWagonGap'' (1947)
* ''Film/AbbottAndCostelloMeetFrankenstein'' (1948)
* ''Mexican Hayride'' (1948)
* ''The Noose Hangs High'' (1948)
* ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Killer, Boris Karloff'' (1949)
* ''Africa Screams'' (1949)
* ''Abbott and Costello in the Foreign Legion'' (1950)
* ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Invisible Man'' (1951)
* ''Comin' Round the Mountain'' (1951)
* ''Lost in Alaska'' (1952)
* ''Jack and the Beanstalk'' (1952)
* ''Abbott and Costello Meet Captain Kidd'' (1952)
* ''Abbott and Costello Go to Mars'' (1953)
* ''Abbott and Costello Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde'' (1953)
* ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Keystone Kops'' (1955)
* ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy'' (1955)
* ''Dance with Me Henry'' (1956)

[[NamesTheSame Not to be confused]] with Tony Abbott and Peter Costello, a pair of [[UsefulNotes/AustralianPolitics Australian politicians]] who served as ministers under Prime Minister John Howard at the same time.

!!Abbott and Costello works with their own trope pages:

* ''Film/AbbottAndCostelloMeetFrankenstein''
* ''Film/TheWistfulWidowOfWagonGap''

!!Other Abbott and Costello works provide examples of:

* AbhorrentAdmirer: Moonbeam in ''Ride 'Em Cowboy'', and the widow in ''The Wistful Widow of Wagon Gap''.
* AccidentalAimingSkills: Oliver's (Lou's) final shot at the basket in ''Here Come the Co-Eds''.
* AccidentalProposal: In ''Ride 'Em Cowboy'', Willoughby (Lou) accidentally shoots an arrow into an Indian maiden's teepee. Tribal custom says this is a proposal of marriage and Lou and Bud spend much of the rest of the film running away from the bride-to-be and her tribe.
* {{Adorkable}}: Often used in their movies: Costello's goofy, bumbling, buffoonish charm generally makes the women he meets fall for how adorable he is - despite being a goof Costello always gets the girl in situations where the two are involved in romance.
* AdultsDressedAsChildren: Joe Besser as Stinky the SpoiledBrat, who would get into hilarious spats with the equally childish Costello.
* AllAmazonsWantHercules: In ''Abbott and Costello Go To Mars'', Lou falls in love with the Amazonian Queen of Venus, a love she reciprocates... until his inability to keep his hands off of her subjects, and his cohorts' foolish attempt at staging a palace revolt, gets them all shipped back to Earth.
** It didn't help that the Queen showed her subjects holograms of the previous King, an attractive hunk; the ladies immediately lost interest in the dumpy Lou.
* AnimatedAdaptation: ''Abbott and Costello'', made by {{Hanna-Barbera}} in 1966. Abbott voiced himself; Stan Irwin stood in for the late Costello.
** And, unofficially, the WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes characters Babbit and Catstello, who started out as mice (in Creator/BobClampett's ''A Tale of Two Kitties'') before being redesigned as cats (in Creator/FrankTashlin's ''A Tale of Two Mice'' and Creator/RobertMcKimson's ''The Mouse-Merized Cat'').
* BadBoss: Abbott's first character in ''Little Giant''.
* BerserkButton / NeverSayThatAgain: The "Slowly I turned..." routine was used by Abbott and Costello several times: in the films ''Lost In a Harem'' with the trigger word "Pokomoko", and ''In Society'' with the trigger phrase "Susquehanna Hat Company", as well as in ''The Abbott and Costello Show'' on television, using the [[TheThreeStooges more traditional]] "UsefulNotes/NiagaraFalls".
* BokeAndTsukkomiRoutine
* BreakingTheFourthWall: This exchange in ''It Ain't Hay'':
-->'''Abbott:''' Go answer the door. It might be Warner.
-->'''Costello:''' It won't do no good. We're all signed up with Universal.
* ButYouWereThereAndYouAndYou: ''Jack and the Beanstalk'' has Lou's character dreaming that he's Jack, with the other characters corresponding to people he knows in real life.
* ButtMonkey: Costello most of the time. Abbott takes this role in ''The Time Of Their Lives''.
** The fate of Sgt. Collins in ''Buck Privates Come Home''.
* CannotSpitItOut: Whenever Costello sees something that makes him flustered, he becomes hilariously tongue-tied and unable to explain it to Abbott.
* CassandraTruth: Played with in most of the horror spoofs - the monster or ghost (and in one case, Indian chief) terrorizes Lou, but only when Bud isn't around to see it. Naturally, Bud never believes Lou.
* CatchPhrase: "Heeeeeey, Abb-ott!"
* CelestialBureaucracy / YankTheDogsChain: The end of ''The Time of Their Lives''
* ChainOfCorrections: Several of their routines fit this trope, none more famous than "WhosOnFirst." Played to perfection, the routine saw Abbott list the names of players on a baseball team to Costello, Costello constantly misinterpret the answers as non-responsive, Abbott correct him repeatedly and Costello becoming even more befuddled and confused to the point where, in the end he throws up his hands and says "I don't give a damn!" – unwittingly identifying the shortstop.
* ChairmanOfTheBrawl: In ''Comin' Round the Mountain'', Wilbert warns Devil Dan Winfield that he'll "get the chair" when he tries to kill Wilbert. Devil Dan dismisses this, stating that every judge on the local circuit was a Winfield, only to be hit with a chair by Wilbert's companion.
* CloudCuckoolander: The "Pokomoko" guy in ''Lost in a Harem''.
* CrazyJealousGuy: Dr. Jekyll in ''Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde''. Made all the more disturbing by the fact that the object of his affections is his ''niece''.
* TheDanza: In ''One Night in the Tropics'' (as well as many of their later works), they skipped the intermediaries and just played characters named "Bud Abbott" and "Lou Costello".
** In ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy'', their characters were called "Peter Patterson" and "Freddie Franklin", respectively--at least according to the credits, which was the only place those names were used.
* DerailedForDetails: The "Jonah and the Whale" sketch
* DirtyCoward: Costello was often this in films, especially when dealing with the [[UniversalHorror Universal monsters]]. Abbott usually upbraided him for this, telling him to [[TemptingFate "Be brave like me!"]]. Of course moments later the monster would return and Abbott would practically trample Costello on his way out the door.
* DirtyOldMan: Dr. Jekyll, who wants to force his young niece to marry him.
* DisneyDeath: Several of their films include a routine in which Abbott believes Costello has been killed and has a HeelRealization, lamenting how he treated his friend, while Costello listens and cries along with him. Once Abbott sees that he's all right, he instantly goes back to his old self and slaps Costello for getting him so worried.
* TheDitz: Costello
* DumbIsGood: Abbott is clever and sly and Costello is usually dumb and happy or at least naive and happy-go-lucky.
* ElevatorFloorAnnouncement: In an episode of their radio show.
* TheExitIsThatWay
* ExtremeDoormat: Costello, although he does have occasional TheDogBitesBack moments when he stands up to Abbott for bullying and taking advantage of him.
* FatAndSkinny: Abbott is the skinny, clever StraightMan; Costello is the chubby dimwit.
* FunWithForeignLanguages: In ''Lost In Alaska'', Costello sees some Eskimos communicating in sign language and makes a few random hand gestures of his own. The Eskimo chief starts laughing, telling Costello, "You just told a funny joke!" Later, when Costello meets an attractive Eskimo lady, he tries to impress her by creating the same hand gestures he used before. She slaps him in the face; apparently it was ''that'' kind of joke.
* TheGayNineties: ''The Naughty Nineties''
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: Now with its own page.
* GhostlyGoals: In ''The Time Of Their Lives'', Lou and Melody, a pair of ghosts from the American Revolution, are trying to prove themselves innocent of the treachery they were unjustly cursed for. That is, when [[TheDogBitesBack Lou isn't tormenting his old enemy's descendant, Dr. Cuthbert Greenway]].
* GlamorousWartimeSinger: TheAndrewsSisters (as themselves) in ''Buck Privates'' and ''In the Navy''
* GreatWhiteHunter: Parodied in ''Africa Screams''
* HandyCuffs: One sketch involves one of them getting handcuffed with his hands in front when he points out that he can still swing his hands around. He then asks his captor to show where the cuffs need to go; the captor puts his hands behind his back, gets cuffed, and the good guy escapes.
* HeroAntagonist: The drill sergeant in ''Buck Privates'' and ''Buck Privates Come Home''.
* HeyItsThatGuy: Happens quite a bit within their films.
** [[Film/AbbottAndCostelloMeetFrankenstein Frankenstein's Monster]] plays [[JerkAss "Devil Dan" Winfield]] in "Comin' Round The Mountain".
* HeterosexualLifePartners
* HollywoodMirage: in ''Abbott and Costello Join the Foreign Legion''
* HowWouldYouLikeToDie: In ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Killer''
* HurricaneOfPuns - the basis of most of their humor.
* IfItTastesBadItMustBeGoodForYou:
-->'''Abbott:''' You should really go on a diet. You know what a diet is, don't you?
-->'''Costello:''' Sure, that's where you can eat all you want of everything you don't like.
* IllTakeTwoBeersToo: Inverted in this bit from ''The Abbott and Costello Show'':
-->'''Abbott:''' Go ahead, just order something small.
-->'''Costello:''' I'll have a small steak.
* ItWasHereISwear: A standard bit, that appears in ''Film/AbbottAndCostelloMeetFrankenstein'' and ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Killer'' among others
* InsaneTrollLogic: The basis of the sketch where [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnICFjDn97o Costello proves that 7 x 13 = 28!]].
* {{Jerkass}}: Abbott frequently is one to Costello.
* {{Joisey}}: Lou was very proud of his hometown of Paterson, New Jersey, and managed to get it mentioned in a great deal of episodes of ''TheAbbottAndCostelloShow''
* KitchenSinkIncluded: In ''Lost in Alaska'', while throwing things at the bad guys to keep them from advancing, Abbott says they've thrown everything but the kitchen sink. Guess what Costello does.
** Also this exchange:
--> '''Costello:''' ''You know–-you know, [[ButtMonkey they have hit me with everything but the kitchen sink.]]''
--> '''Abbott:''' ''Oh, well–-we can fix that.''
--> ''(Pulls the sink out of the wall, breaks it over Costello’s head.)''
* LadyLand: Venus, as depicted in ''Abbott and Costello Go To Mars''
* LargeHam: Lou Costello, especially on radio.
* LegionOfLostSouls: ''Abbott and Costello Join the Foreign Legion''
* LiteralMinded: Costello.
* ManChild: Costello generally acts as one.
* MistakenForAnImposter: ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy''.
* MistakenForTerrorist: Bud and Lou in ''Buck Privates Come Home'' when demonstrating how the model of their friend's midget racer works to a bank manager. Lou revs it up backwards and it starts backfiring, making it look like he's firing a machine gun from outside the office.
* MotorMouth: The reporter in ''Mexican Hayride'' who talks over Costello constantly and then tells him [[{{Hypocrite}} "Next time a reporter asks you for an interview, don't talk so much!"]]
* NonIndicativeName: ''Abbott and Costello Go To Mars'', in which Abbott and Costello go to Venus (though their original plan was to go to Mars).
** Also, ''Abbott and Costello Meet The Killer, Boris Karloff'', in which the killer [[spoiler:is ''not'' Boris Karloff.]]
** Perhaps also, ''Here Come The Co-Eds'', in which the school in question is an all-girls school and so technically the girls there are not "co-eds."
* NotSoHarmlessVillain: Costello's not the sharpest tool in the shed, but he's not quite as stupid as he looks either. DependingOnTheWriter, he sometimes has scenes where he skillfully outwits people who think he's just a moron - ''Whodunit'' in particular has him do this several times during the climax.
* ObfuscatingStupidity: Very rarely, Costello is portrayed or merely implied as having this. Or more like he acts like a moron but he can be pretty quick when he wants to be.
* AnOddPlaceToSleep: In ''Buck Privates Come Home'', Herbie (Lou) finds it too hot to sleep inside the apartment, he rigs up a makeshift hammock on the clothes line that runs between the buildings.
* TheOperatorsMustBeCrazy: The episode "Who Done It" has a skit about a particularly bizarre and abusive operator.
* PoisonedChaliceSwitcheroo: In a routine involving a stolen necklace in one film and a spiked drink in a couple others.
* ThePratfall: Used regularly.
* PrecisionFStrike: The punchline to the "Who's on First" sketch is that the shortstop is named "I don't give a darn," a big enough deal at the time that they had to change it to "I don't care" when the routine was used in the film ''The Naughty Nineties''.
* QuickChange: Several variations.
* ReachingBetweenTheLines: Lou keeps trying to make an important call but is obstructed by the operator who keeps telling him, "The line is busy". Eventually Lou gets so frustrated that he squirts a soda siphon down the mouthpiece and the operator gets squirted in the face.
* RedHerring: In ''Abbott and Costello Meet The Killer, Boris Karloff'', [[spoiler:the BigBad is actually the manager of the hotel where the film takes place, not Boris Karloff's character.]]
* RedOniBlueOni
* ReflexiveResponse: Used in ''Hold That Ghost''
* RuleOfPool: Played with in ''Hit the Ice''
* SayMyName: ''HEEEEY ABBBOOOOOTTTTT!''
** Substituted with Abbott's various character names in the movies.
* SelfDeprecation / TakeThatUs: In Who Done It? the duo win a radio, and they turn it on, only to hear their infamous "WhosOnFirst" gag. They immediately turn it off because they don't find it funny.
* SelfOffense: in ''Abbott and Costello Join the Foreign Legion'' and ''Abbott and Costello Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde''.
* {{Sequel}}: ''Buck Privates Come Home'' is, indeed, one of these to ''Buck Privates''.
* ShotgunWedding: In ''Ride 'Em Cowboy'', the Indians suggest forcing Costello into a "bow-and-arrow wedding".
* TheShowMustGoOn: On the radio show Lou and Bud worked on, one day around the time they were working on ''Film/AbbottAndCostelloMeetFrankenstein'' Lou came in for show late, very quiet, and went through his routines flawlessly but without speaking to anyone outside of the job, which was ''very'' unusual for him. Then at the end he said to his very young son, "That one's for you." He then explained to his fellow performers and the listeners at home that his son had drowned earlier that day, but not before Lou promised him that "Tonight you'll hear Dad on the radio." [[IGaveMyWord Lou kept his promise.]]
* SignsOfDisrepair: [[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: vote for town SEND p HEL Ps ]]
in ''Who Done It?''
* Slapstick: A staple of their routines.
* StraightMan: Abbott
* StraightManAndWiseGuy: Abbott and Costello
* TemptingFate: From ''Hit The Ice:'' "If I ever fall in love with another girl, I hope they hang me". Cue Costello seeing a pretty girl and [[spoiler:the mail hook of a train catching him by the neck.]]
* TongueTied: Several films have Costello needed to impart some important information, usually that the movie's villain is nearby. However, while he mimes speaking the words, he's so scared that he literally cannot make any kind of audible sound.
* TookALevelInJerkass: Abbott's selfishness and cruelty to Costello is taken UpToEleven in ''Africa Screams'', where is is nearly driven insane by greed upon discovering diamonds in the African jungle. He ends up being a victim of LaserGuidedKarma at the end when [[spoiler:a friendly gorilla gives Costello the diamonds and makes him filthy rich, and Abbott ends up working as his elevator operator]].
* TwoPersonLoveTriangle: in the romantic subplot in ''Jack and the Beanstalk''
* TheVillainSucksSong: Costello sings one in ''Buck Privates'', although it's more of a "The Army Sucks Song". Of course, the drill sergeant is [[RightBehindMe right behind him]].
* UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist: At his worst, Abbott is a manipulative and selfish JerkAss.
* VillainWithGoodPublicity: Dr. Jekyll in ''Abbott and Costello Meet Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde''.
* VitriolicBestBuds: Onscreen, this was played straight. Offscreen, though, the "Best Buds" part was questionable.
** The reason they have so few scenes together in ''Little Giant'' and ''The Time of Their Lives'' is because they were so estranged at that point, that was the only way they would agree to appear in the same picture.
** Though their relationship was strained in their later years, there were a few moments of TheyReallyDoLoveEachOther, if you knew where to look. Abbott volunteered at Costello's charity as an attempt to bury the hatchet and, when Costello died of a heart attack, Abbott backed out of a revival project with Candy Candido playing Costello's role, claiming that there was no one who could truly replace Lou.
* WeakWilled: In ''Abbott and Costello meet the Invisible Man'', a psychologist tries to hypnotize Lou Costello. Lou proves to be completely immune, but the psychologist accidentally hypnotizes himself. Lou's efforts to explain how this happened lead to him putting half the local police force under as well. Then Lou wakes him up, and managed to accidentally hypnotizes him again mere seconds later.
* WhosOnFirst: In many of their routines, of which the trope namer is only the most famous.
* WithFriendsLikeThese
* YouKillItYouBoughtIt: Parodied in ''The Wistful Widow of Wagon Gap''.

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!!References in other works:

* Jerry Seinfeld referenced them a number of times on his show, most notably when George tries to explain his idea about 'a show about nothing'. He would also produce and star in an NBC special ''Abbott and Costello Meet Jerry Seinfeld''.
* WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes parodied them in three cartoons as "Babbit and Catstello". They also borrowed some of Lou's catch phrases and made them their own, like "I'm only three-and-a-half years old" and BugsBunny's "Gee, ain't I a stinker?"
* In the "Vintage Steele" episode of ''Series/RemingtonSteele'' a body is found in a vat of wine at the Costello Monastery. When Laura suggests they interview the abbot, Movie buff Steele quips "Ah...the Abbot of Costello".
* ''Film/RobinHoodMenInTights'' has a scene where an abbot is greeted with Costello's catchphrase.
--> '''Abbot:''' I ''hate'' that guy...
* If you didn't see some similarities between [[WesternAnimation/TheRenAndStimpyShow Ren and Stimpy]] and Abbott and Costello, you weren't paying close enough attention.
* The ''GummiBears'' episode "Friar Tum" features a character named Abbot Costello.
* The ''Literature/KhaavrenRomances'' novel ''Five Hundred Years After'' has a passing mention of a famous farce, ''Who Dropped Her First?'', set in a bedchamber laid out (reading between the lines) like a baseball diamond.
* The ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'' episode "A Pharaoh to Remember" has a reference to ''Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy''.
* VideoGame/{{Mother 3}} features a duo of comedians named Lou and Bud as minor characters.
* An anonymous email that has been circulating around the internet for many years casts Abbott as a tech-support operator attempting to explain to Costello that to stop his Windows PC he must click on the "Start" button.
* In Australia, the days when Tony Abbott and Peter Costello were prominent members of the Liberal Party were a gift to political commentators across the country.
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/VeggieTales'' featured Larry and Mr. Lunt's characters having a battle of wits, with the riddle they must solve being presented by the Abbot of Costello. The riddle itself is a parody of the WhosOnFirst routine.
* In the ''WesternAnimation/BatmanTheAnimatedSeries'' episode "Joker's Millions", Joker named his loyal pet hyenas Bud and Lou (previously only known as Harley Quinn's "babies"). This makes sense, given Joker's appreciation of comedy. The hyenas are given the same names in ''WesternAnimation/KryptoTheSuperdog''.
* In the ''HerculesTheLegendaryJourneys'' episode, "Monster Child In A Promised Land," Iolaus mentions a comedy team known as Abbotus and Costellocles.
* A recurring segment on ''Series/SquareOneTV'' featured [[NoCelebritiesWereHarmed Cabot and Marshmallow]]. Set backstage at a Vaudeville theater, the segments show Cabot getting the better of Marshmallow through a variety of math related tricks. Always started with a suitably altered version of Costello's catch phrase.
* In the ''Series/{{Sherlock}}'' episode "The Hounds of Baskerville", the Major snarkily tells Sherlock (who he's mistaken for a ConspiracyTheorist) that they have two aliens in their basement named Abbott and Costello.
* Webcomic/SaturdayMorningBreakfastCereal has them in [[http://www.smbc-comics.com/?id=3051 a dark subversion]] of their WhosOnFirst routine.
* ''Webcomic/{{Housepets}}'' has two characters named Falstaff and Truck who act like raccoon versions of Abbott and Costello.
* RobertRankin has a RunningGag that Hugo Rune hates Bud Abbott. In ''The Book of Ultimate Truths'', the protagonists visit an monastery. Guess the Abbot's name.
* ''Series/GarfieldAndFriends'' used a ''Who's on First'' joke in an ''Orson's Farm'' episode where three dog brothers come to help on the farm, their names are "Who, What, and Where"!
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-->''"I don't care ''who''[='=]s on first!''
--->''"Oh, that's our shortstop."''