[[quoteright:250:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ADV_Films_2753.jpg]]

Originally called "A.D. Vision" (what the "A.D." stands for [[strike:is a trade secret]] was mentioned on early covers as "Animation Dubbing") when it was founded in the early 1990s by a group of [[PromotedFanBoy hardcore otaku]], ADV Films was one of the pioneers of importing and dubbing anime television series for American audiences. This UsefulNotes/{{Houston}}-based production house made its debut with the release of ''DevilHunterYohko'' in 1993. In 1996, the company built its own ADR studio and began dubbing their shows, eventually earning a reputation for producing some of the best dubs in the North American market. At their height in 2005, ADV was the undisputed market leader (of an admittedly small niche), boasting the largest catalog of any anime company - including popular fan-favourite titles like ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', ''LightNovel/FullMetalPanic'', ''Anime/ExcelSaga'', ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'', and plenty more. They also licensed and published {{manga}} (including a few series they didn't have anime rights to), and were the publishers of otaku magazine Newtype USA. They also created and ran The Creator/AnimeNetwork, a 24/7 satellite channel that exists (in heavily truncated form) to this day.

Because of a total lack of any sort of voice actor pool in Texas at the time, ADV drew heavily from the local theatre scenes in Houston and Austin. Over the next dozen years, the studio groomed a large crop of voice actors, several of whom became regular faces on the convention circuit. A few have gone on to become directors and producers themselves. Among the actors who got their voice-acting start at ADV (some still live in Houston and continue to record the occasional dub for ADV's successor) are Creator/AmandaWinnLee, Creator/JessicaCalvello, Creator/SpikeSpencer, Creator/TiffanyGrant, Creator/KiraVincentDavis, Creator/VicMignogna, Creator/MonicaRial, Creator/LuciChristian, Creator/GregAyres, and Creator/HilaryHaag.

Up until 2005 they also ran a subdivision called "[=SoftCel=] Pictures", which specialized in {{hentai}} material. In 2008, it was succeeded by a newly-opened division called "Happy Carrot".

ADV had also been raising funds and looking for talent for an incredibly ambitious project -- a Hollywood LiveActionAdaptation of ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion''. The project has gone far enough to have special effects house Creator/{{WETA}} produce some design sketches, but it seems highly unlikely it will ever make it out of DevelopmentHell.

In 2008, the company almost totally collapsed. Prior to this, ADV's manga, music, and toys divisions had either been shut down or had no production at all for some time. On January 4, The Creator/AnimeNetwork switched from being a dedicated 24/7 channel to a video on demand service (a format that continues to this day). On January 18, ADV announced its Anime [=ADVocates=] program, which provided screening material and other promotional content to anime clubs in North America, had been suspended indefinitely. In February, they announced they would no longer publish [=NewType=] USA. They launched [=PiQ=] Magazine as a replacement for [=NewType=], which lasted four issues before being discontinued.

Their main anime division didn't last much longer. In January 2008, nearly 3 dozen titles representing two years worth of investment and work suddenly disappeared from their website without explanation, and DVD releases ceased. It turned out all of those titles had been acquired with help from Japan's Sojitz Corporation. ADV, which had gained a reputation for active communication with their customer base, fell eerily silent. A little over a month later, most of the missing shows were restored to the website and DVD releases resumed, although a couple of titles, notably ''GurrenLagann'', appeared in the possession of other US licensors. Finally, in July, the same 30 licenses that had disappeared in January were suddenly transferred to Creator/{{Funimation}}. This included some series that had not yet been fully-released on DVD, such as ''{{Kanon}}'' and ''Anime/WelcomeToTheNHK''.

In October 2008, ADV "partnered" with a "new" company known as Creator/SentaiFilmworks and began to license titles again. For the most part, though, most of these acquisitions were titles previously held by other American companies (like ''Manga/{{Mahoromatic}}'' being a license-rescue from recently-dead Creator/{{Geneon}}), although there were a couple of newly-licensed series in the mix, most notably ''VisualNovel/{{Clannad}}''. The shows released by SentaiFilmworks that hadn't been released in the U.S. before were released as sub-only DVD's with a minimum of extras and only a basic menu. To some, this was an indication how far ADV had fallen from its glory days of only a couple years back.

On September 1, 2009, ADV Films announced that it sold most of its assets to five different companies, all of which are based in Houston (and based in the same block of condos) and was shutting down. Although it may appear that the company is essentially dead, [[http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/editorial/2009-09-01/what-happening-with-adv-films some industry observers]] believe that the move is an attempt to end a relationship with a hostile shareholder that has damaged the company while still maintaining its core competency and catalog. This argument is bolstered by the name of the new production company, Creator/Section23Films, which is a not-so-subtle reference to a part of Texas tax law that allowed ADV to pretty much legally hide their assets from their creditors and the Japanese.

* Switchblade Pictures acquired Japanese live-action films properties for distribution in the North American market.
* SentaiFilmworks is the [[http://www.sentai-filmworks.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=82&Itemid=85 licensor company]] for acquiring new (or rescued) Japanese anime into the North American market.
* Maiden Japan is another company distributed by Section 23 that licenses anime, usually female-driven titles. Originally, they released a couple small niche titles quietly on bare bones, sub-only releases, but has now moved into licensing more mainstream titles onto billingual DVD and Blu-ray, including some rescues like the VampirePrincessMiyu TV series and {{Patlabor}} franchise.
* [=AEsir=] Holdings got the rights to most of ADV Films' former library of titles (some titles became licensed directly by SentaiFilmworks and remain in print), and have re-released some of these former ADV titles to DVD themselves, such as ''Anime/PrincessTutu'' and ''ParasiteDolls''.
* Seraphim Digital Studios acquired Amusement Park Media, ADV's production studio. All of Section 23's DVD and Blu-ray production is done here, as well as most of the dubbing.
* Valkyrie Media Partners acquired the Creator/AnimeNetwork. [[http://www.theanimenetwork.com/ The Anime Network website]] (on-line player and forum) continues to operate as it did before the sale.
* Creator/Section23Films is a distributor and marketing company of Switchblade Pictures, SentaiFilmworks, and [=AEsir=] Holdings.

After the September 2009 restructuring, new releases typically have these credits:

||align=center
|| (most anime) Licensed by||SentaiFilmworks ||
|| (some anime) Licensed by||Maiden Japan ||
|| (live action) Licensed by||Switchblade Pictures ||
|| Distributor||Creator/Section23Films ||
|| DVD Production||Seraphim Digital Studios ||
|| Internet Streaming||Creator/AnimeNetwork ||


See Creator/Section23Films for the list of anime series formerly licensed by ADV. For what it's worth, nobody in North America was fooled by this legal shell-game; many fans will refer to the new companies as "Neo-ADV", "Zombie-ADV", or something similar.
In January 2012 Funimation, who wasn't fooled either, sued ADV and its associated companies over the Sojitz licensing. Given the slow pace of the courts, it may take a while for there to be a decision. In the meantime, Sentai/Section 23/whatever continues to license anime to this day, now regularly dub most of their catalog and release them to DVD and Blu-ray.
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