[[caption-width-right:350:The beginning of the end for the Silver Age...]]
An iconic storyline in Creator/MarvelComics' ''[[Comicbook/SpiderMan The Amazing Spider-Man]]'' series, spanning issues #121-122 (June-July, 1973). '''''The Night Gwen Stacy Died''''', as the title implies, is famous for killing off Spider-Man's girlfriend Gwen Stacy. It was written by Gerry Conway, and drawn by Gil Kane.
The year was 1973. For ten years, Spider-Man had been one of Marvel's most popular characters. The patterns of Peter Parker's life were pretty well established. He attended Empire State University, fought creeps like [[MadScientist Doc Ock]], [[ReptilesAreAbhorrent the Lizard]], [[HuntingTheMostDangerousGame Kraven the Hunter]], [[MasterOfIllusion Mysterio]], and [[AxCrazy the Green Goblin]], made money by selling pictures of himself in action to ''The Daily Bugle'' and its cantankerous publisher J. Jonah Jameson, and was deeply in love with Gwen Stacy.
For the most part, superheroics had been a game to Parker. The closest he'd personally gotten to death was nearly being pinned under a ton of machinery in Doctor Octopus' lair, and he nearly always came out on top in the end. He did have a small problem where Gwen's father (a cop) died while he was fighting a battle, but that was written as a HeroicSacrifice after he was revealed to have [[DeathBySecretIdentity found out Peter's secret identity]] in 1970. It would be his secret identity being exposed again that would set into motion another series of tragic events. The [[NormanOsborn Green Goblin]] managed to stalk Spider-Man (whose spider-sense had been numbed) and discover that his greatest foe [[note]]although this is Gobby in the '60s we're talking about. ''Only'' foe works too[[/note]] was no older than 19 or 20. He successfully captured Parker and in his arrogance revealed his identity as NormanOsborn, the father of Peter's classmate (and future roommate) Harry. Taking advantage of Osborn's inability to shut up, Spidey eventually broke free of his restraints and battled the Goblin. During the fight, an accident induced LaserGuidedAmnesia in Osborn, making him forget that he'd ever been the Green Goblin. Peter thought that he'd seen the last of the Goblin, until AmnesiacDissonance caught up with Osborn and he started remembering in short spurts that he was the Green Goblin. The first time this happened, it resulted in the also famous storyline ''The Goblin Returns,'' which challenged UsefulNotes/TheComicsCode Authority's guidelines on portraying [[DrugsAreBad drug use]].
After this little relapse, things didn't go so well for Osborn. Harry's drug use had taken its toll on his relationship with Mary Jane Watson, and she broke up with him. Devastated, he had a little relapse of his own, overdosing on LSD. Norman's business wasn't doing so hot either, and the coupled stress of his shattered home life and business life [[SanitySlippage drove him back into insanity]]. He took up the Goblin mantle again and kidnapped Gwen Stacy, knowing that Spider-Man would surely follow. Just to make sure Spider-Man knew it was him, he left one of his pumpkin bombs sitting on Gwen's purse. Spider-Man tracked the Goblin and an unconscious Gwen down to the George Washington Bridge (although just about any bridge in New York has been used in flashbacks or other continuities). The Goblin gave Spider-Man a SadisticChoice: surrender or Gwen died. Spider-Man and the Goblin began to fight, and in the midst of the battle, the Goblin threw Gwen off the bridge. Acting quickly, Spider-Man shot a webline to save her, [[ILetGwenStacyDie only to find her dead when he brought her up.]]
The editors decided that the Goblin could not go unpunished for this, [[LaserGuidedKarma and so he died in the next issue]], [[HoistByHisOwnPetard impaled by his own glider]]. Spider-Man's world had become [[CerebusSyndrome considerably darker]]. He would be haunted by the uncertainty of what had actually killed Gwen. Had the Goblin already killed her, or had Peter Parker killed the woman he loved with his webline? This is hotly debated in the real world, as snagging Gwen's leg with a webline would result in severe whiplash and certainly snap her neck, which a 'snap' sound effect seemed to indicate.
More controversy exists around the reason the story was written. StanLee (who had left the book by then) claims he knew nothing about it, although other sources contradict him. WordOfGod seems to be that the editors thought that Gwen made Spider-Man too happy, and having him be married to her (as would have inevitably happened) would age him too much. [[OneMoreDay Now where have we heard that before?]]
!!''The Night Gwen Stacy Died'' provides examples of the following tropes:
* AlwaysSaveTheGirl: '''''[[SubvertedTrope NOPE.]]'''''
* AmnesiacDissonance: The last time it happens to NormanOsborn actually. After this, he never forgets who he was.
* BackstabBackfire: Not played ''exactly'' straight, since Spidey didn't turn his back on the Goblin at the end. But the Goblin's attack ''did'' come from behind, courtesy of his remote-controlled glider.
* BreakoutVillain: The Green Goblin became a contender for ArchEnemy status after this story (though it did take until ComicBook/TheCloneSaga -the second one, in TheNineties- to actually happen).
* CharacterDevelopment: This storyline marks the beginning of Mary Jane's transition from shallow party girl, to valuable support and love interest for Peter.
* CloseOnTitle: The title doesn't appear [[http://www.geekscape.net/_wp_/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Page4.jpg until the last panel,]] in order to prevent readers from discovering too early which character would get killed off.
* CurbStompBattle: Spider-Man whacks the ''crap'' out of the Goblin, stopping just short of killing him.
** This is arguably the beginning of what would become a common feature of Spider-Man stories in the future: genuinely pissing Spider-Man off is probably the single worst personal decision you can make in the Marvel Universe.
* DeathIsCheap: Osborn eventually came back as the mastermind of ComicBook/TheCloneSaga, but Gwen is a perennial example (and one of the few remaining ones, at that) of a character [[AvertedTrope who stays dead]].
** Although she was cloned at one point, said clone later died.
* DistressedDamsel: Surprisingly averted. We never actually see Gwen get kidnapped (we see the Goblin hovering outside her window, but not the act), and after that she's either unconscious or dead.
* [[DroppedABridgeOnHim Dropped Her Off A Bridge]]: As noted above, Gwen spends most of her final story unconscious before being dropped off a bridge.
* DrugsAreBad: LSD makes Harry a nervous schizophrenic wreck who becomes afraid to be alone, and begins wondering whether he even exists.
* FromBadToWorse: As if Spidey's life didn't suck enough now, this story's events were the direct cause of ComicBook/TheCloneSaga (both of them), Harry becoming [[LegacyCharacter the next Green Goblin]], contracts being put out on Spider-Man that LukeCage and ThePunisher tried to fulfill, and indirectly allowing for [[TheOtherDarrin the Hobgoblin]] to exist.
** Later retcon would go on to have Norman [[spoiler:be revealed to have fathered children with Gwen Stacy while she was in Europe before her death.]]
* HoistByHisOwnPetard: The Goblin attempts to kill Spider-Man by impaling him with his hovercraft, but Spidey ducks to avoid it and it hits Osborn instead.
* ILetGwenStacyDie: [[TropeNamer Obviously]].
* IfYouKillHimYouWillBeJustLikeHim: What stops Spidey from offing Osborn in the end.
* ImpaledWithExtremePrejudice: Osborn's fate.
* KilledOffForReal: Gwen. Originally the plan with Osborn as well; they eventually brought him back, but it took 23 years - an immense passage of time in comics.
* MoralMyopia and SkewedPriorities: Spider-Man calls the Goblin out on this when he throws a hissy fit for Spider-Man wrecking his glider.
---> '''Spider-Man:''' Mister, are we living in the same universe? You killed my woman, Goblin, and you're raging about a '''blasted bargain-basement toy?'''
* NoHoldsBarredBeatdown: Spider-Man gives one to the Goblin.
* NotTheFallThatKillsYou: Subverted.
* OOCIsSeriousBusiness: Spidey is known for his [[YouFightLikeACow constant wisecracking]] during fights. In this story, he doesn't make any jokes while fighting with the Goblin.
* PurpleProse: The narration of Osborn's death.
---> So do the proud men die: Crucified. Not on a cross of gold, but on a stake of humble tin.
* SadisticChoice: Partial trope namer, as the exact same scenario is where it was named.
---> '''Green Goblin:''' It's quite simple, web-spinner. Your presence in this world has been a source of constant agony to me. I wish you to leave it permanently. Or else... Gwen Stacy dies!
* SpoilerTitle: No kidding.
* ThouShaltNotKill: The Goblin almost makes Spider-Man break his no-kill rule. After Spidey sees that Gwen is dead, he vows to kill Osborn. However, in their final fight, after nearly beating the Goblin to death, he feels disgusted by himself and backs off.
* TonightSomeoneDies: See the cover.
* UnstoppableRage: The Goblin's response to the SkewedPriorities example above, where he calls Gwen "a simpering, pointless girl who never did more than occupy space" pushes Spidey into one.
* WhamEpisode: A hero never failed so spectacularly before. This storyline is considered one of the signs of the shift from the [[TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver Age]] to [[TheBronzeAgeOfComicBooks Bronze Age]]. The death of a main supporting character (excluding [[DeathByOriginStory those killed off at the beginning]]), let alone the [[LoveInterests love interest]], was unheard of at the time.