->''"In most every way but one, I’m just your average Californian teenager—but it’s that one way in which I’m not that’s the kicker. Some fellows are shy with chicks; others have trouble with trig and senior-year calculus. Me, I’m a werewolf… A bona-fide werewolf-by-night.''"

'''Werewolf by Night''' (Jack Russell, birthname Jacob Russoff) is a comic book character and star of the series by the same name, created by writer Creator/GerryConway and artist Mike Ploog as a direct response to UsefulNotes/TheComicsCode Authority's 1971 rule revision that allowed werewolves to be portrayed. The character debuted in ''[[Creator/MarvelComics Marvel]] Spotlight'' vol. 1 #2 in February of 1972 and was granted his own title which ran for 43 issues (September, 1972-March, 1977). In 1998 ''Werewolf By Night'' was given a short-lived {{revival}}, which [[CutShort sadly was]] {{cancelled}} [[ScrewedByTheNetwork before it could]] [[LeftHanging reach a conclusion]].

Outside of his own titles, Jack has weaved his way through a number of other Marvel comic books over the years, such as ''ComicBook/SpiderWoman'', ''Comicbook/MoonKnight'', ''West Coast [[ComicBook/TheAvengers Avengers]]'', ''ComicBook/{{X-Factor}}'', ''MarvelZombies'' and ''Comicbook/DoctorStrange: Sorcerer Supreme''. In 2009 there was the the four-part ''Dead of Night Featuring Werewolf by Night'' as part of Marvel’s [=MAX=] imprint, providing an [[AlternateUniverse alternate]] and [[DarkerAndEdgier mature]] take on the character.

On his eighteenth birthday [[StevenUlyssesPerHero Jack Russell]] finds he has inherited the curse of the werewolf, and has to battle an [[MonsterMash array of villains]], ranging from vampires to gorgons to circus folk, most of which need him in some way or another for the execution of their EvilPlan. During TheDarkAgeOfComicBooks, he turned into a bit of an anti-hero, WalkingTheEarth and fighting rogue supernatural creatures who give the rest of them a bad name. As of the 2010s Jack mainly serves as a member of the Legion of Monsters, protecting other monsters from being killed and providing a safe haven for them.

See [[http://web.archive.org/web/20081203131717/http://www.geocities.com/mailittomarvell/wwbn.htm this page]] for a full list of Werewolf by Night’s comic book appearances in chronological order, up to 2008.

The werewolf appears in the Super Hero Squad universe: in ''WesternAnimation/TheSuperheroSquadShow'' season 2 episode "This Man-Thing, This Monster", and as a playable character in ''VideoGame/SuperHeroSquadOnline''. He is also seen in Jill Valentine's ending in ''VideoGame/MarvelVsCapcom3''. A [[ComicBookAdaptation film adaptation]] was [[http://web.archive.org/web/20121004232940/http://www.superherohype.com/news/articles/89825-werewolf-by-night-movie-update in the works in 2005]] with cast and crew to be announced "shortly" and filming to start somewhere in 2006, but for reasons unknown nothing was heard from it again.
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!! ''Werewolf by Night'' provides examples of the following tropes:

* AbortedArc: ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 ends with [[spoiler:Buck]] being attacked and his house burning down, setting up for a new storyline. After the book was cancelled, this was hastily resolved in ''Marvel Team-Up'' #93.
* AbsurdlySpaciousSewer:
** Sarnak's base of operations in vol. 1.
** In ''[=WbN=]'' vol.2 Jack uses them to lock himself up during the full moon. May be justified in that Jack works as a sanitation engineer and thus has knowledge of where to go, along with the access to it. Still, it means he stands knee-deep in GrimyWater for three nights a month but doesn't experience any drawbacks. [[SuperSenses Not even]] [[SensoryOverload with that]] [[TheNoseKnows nose of his]].
* AlienSky: Biphasia has two moons.
* AndIMustScream: Being turned into a stone statue for all eternity, but still being able to think. “The agony of life was over… the nightmare of hell was just begun!”
* ArtifactTitle: It's been quite a while since Jack was restricted to transforming at night.
* BadassLongcoat: Most prominently seen in volume 2. In ''Wolverine First Class'' #11 Jack pulls one out of a dumpster.
* BadassNormal: Even though he's regularly tied up and/or knocked unconscious, Buck Cowan deserves credit for willingly going head to head against super-powered beings for Jack's sake.
* BearsAreBadNews: Jack had to once battle a bear that had silver claws on its front paws.
* BeneathTheEarth: Crawl down through the mist near Devil's Grotto and you'll end up [[spoiler:in space]].
* BetterToDieThanBeKilled: Off-screen in ''Legion of Monsters: Werewolf by Night''.
* BlasphemousBoast: It got Aelfric burned at the stake as seen in ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 #3.
* BreakingTheBonds: Jack is tied down regularly, but easily breaks free when the moon rises.
* TheBroCode: Averted. Jack sleeps with his best friend Morbius' ex but nothing is made of it.
* ByTheLightsOfTheirEyes: In ''Shadows & Light'' #3 Jack's face gets obscured by shadows; his eyes are glowy white dots.
* CharacterTitle
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Jack’s girlfriend Terri last appears in ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 #2, and is then never seen again. Most characters from volume 1 are never mentioned after the series' end, like Buck, Philip and Raymond Coker.
* ComicBookTime: Lissa and her daughter have aged much quicker than Jack. Lissa, about a year younger than her brother, has an 18-year-old daughter. Yet Jack still looks like he is somewhere in his early/mid thirties.
* CoolBike: Jack rides one in his 90s appearances.
* CoolOldGuy: Buck, although he is only ‘old’ in comparison to the other characters.
* CouldntFindALighter: Downplayed in volume 2 #6. Jack asks ComicBook/GhostRider if he's got a light and it looks like he's going to use the other's flaming head -- but then lights his cigarette with the candle on the bar table.
* CrossOver: Many, most frequently with ''ComicBook/{{Morbius}}'', ''[[ComicBook/SpiderWoman Spider-Woman]]'', ''MoonKnight'' and ''Comicbook/GhostRider''. The werewolf has fought the [[ComicBook/IncredibleHulk Hulk]] on at least two occasions.
* CursedWithAwesome: Zig Zagged. At their creation, werewolves weren't "cursed" but merely given a useful ability; it later became a curse when humans got out of touch with nature and the way to control those abilities got lost over time. So when Jack becomes a werewolf on his eighteenth birthday, it really is a curse: forced to painfully transform three times a month with no control. But when he finally ''does'' learn how to control it, he starts to enjoy the abilities it gives him, seeing it as being given the best of both worlds: "Your curse can be a blessing." Unfortunately, the curse seems to have a way of striking back. You can transform any time you want? Your uncontrolled werewolf form during the full moons will become stronger and more violent. You're happy you won't have to change ''at all'' anymore, not even during the full moon? You'll lose the ability, and from now on you'll be forced to [[spoiler:have visions of hell]] when you transform.
* CutShort: ''[=WbN=]'' vol. 2 was canceled due to poor sales; the story was continued in ''Strange Tales'', which was canceled as well after two issues. This leaves many plot threads that are never resolved, most notably [[spoiler:the ramifications of the cure gone wrong.]]
* DamselInDistress: Lissa, Jack's sister whom he often has to save.
* [[DangerousSixteenthBirthday Dangerous Eighteenth Birthday]]: The werewolf curse present in the Russoff bloodline comes into effect on the bearer's eighteenth birthday.
* DeathbedConfession: Jack’s mother tells him the truth about his father right before she dies.
* DeathIsCheap: [[spoiler:Jack dies in ''Morbius'' #12; by #13 he’s already been resurrected.]]
* TheDeepSouth: The setting of ''Legion of Monsters: Werewolf by Night''.
* DependingOnTheArtist:
** Jack’s hair is stated to be a light red, but it’s frequently shown as blond, dark red, auburn, brown or even black. Likewise, his eyes are blue in writing, but frequently green or brown in print.
** How good-looking Jack is varies wildly as well. In ''Legion of Monsters: Werewolf by Night'' he could pass for a male model, while in ''Marvel Zombies 4'' he looks like a ragged bum you wouldn’t want to run in to after dark. Put them together and they're hardly recognizable as the same character, even though the issues are only two years apart.
* DependingOnTheWriter:
** Two storylines published near-simultaneously feature two very different versions of Jack: in ''[[Comicbook/ThePunisher Punisher]]'' v7 #11-14 and ''Legion of Monsters'' #1-4 he’s a [[FieryRedhead hotheaded]] JerkAss who’s usually in for a fight; in ''[[{{ComicBook/X-Factor}} X-Factor]]'' #222-224 he’s a mildly funny, well-mannered guy protecting others.
** Jack speaks without an accent up until ''Morbius the Living Vampire'' #12, where he suddenly start using colloquialisms like the contraction “ain’t” and dropping g’s at the end of words. From there on out his accent fluctuates between ‘school book’ and ‘street thug’.
** How werewolves act, think and function can vary from issue to issue. Are they creatures that just want to find a forest to run in and be left alone by everyone? Killing machines with an insatiable lust for blood? Predators simply looking for something to eat? Or wild humans with certain primal traits amplified? Can they think or not, talk or not, and do they remember their full moon actions the following morning or not? How much control does Jack have over his actions when transformed, with or without a full moon?
* DestinationDefenestration / SuperWindowJump: “[[LampshadeHanging Window smashing is [the werewolf’s] specialty]].”
* DisabledSnarker: Freddie in ''[=WbN=]'' v2.
* DisappearedDad: Jack grew up without his biological father, who died when he was a child.
* [[spoiler:DreamWithinADream]]: ''Midnight Sons Unlimited'' #7 is this.
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: Leading up to his 18th birthday, Jack has dreams of himself as a werewolf that get increasingly worse.
* DrowningMySorrows: Jack has a habit of this in ''[=WbN=] v2'', often seen with a bottle of bourbon. Apparently he has promised his girlfriend Roxanna many times he'd stop drinking, but doesn't.
* EldritchAbomination: Topaz’ soul; the creature near Devil’s Grotto.
* EveryCarIsAPinto: Many cars featured throughout the series blow up upon crashing. One even explodes upon hitting a couple of trashcans.
* {{Fainting}}: All women in volume 1 are prone to this.
* AFriendInNeed: Jack toward Morbius, and vice versa. Very notably in ''Morbius the Living Vampire'' #12-15, when Morbius is [[spoiler:resurrected without his soul]].
--> '''Jacob''': I--I have to separate myself from this madness.
--> '''Jack''': Coward! I guess we see who Morbius's real friends are now. I'm going after him. He needs help.
* FullyEmbracedFiend: Jack is this to Morbius in ''ComicBook/{{Morbius}}'' v1 #12, going so far as to say the vampire should just go with the hunger, not against it. [[WhatTheHellHero Morbius shoots back]] ''[[WhatTheHellHero Jack]]'' [[WhatTheHellHero is the one who needs help]], not he. Several years later, it seems Morbius was right.
* FunetikAksent: Many characters have them in volume 1, most notably Joshua Kane, who speaks with a Southern drawl. Jack develops one after ''Morbius the Living Vampire'' v1 #12.
* FurAgainstFang: Averted. While Jack does occasionally fight them, his best friend is a vampire(-ish), and his niece is a half-vampire.
* GentleGiant: Elmo, who was part of the circus sideshow that kidnapped Jack.
* GlowingEyesOfDoom: The werewolf’s eyes are usually a glowy [[DependingOnTheArtist red or yellow]], but sometimes a combination of the two or pure white as well. (According to the Marvel Handbook they should red.)
* HereditaryCurse: The werewolf curse affects every descendant of Gregory Russoff, Jack's father. [[spoiler:In reality, the curse is even more widespread: every descendant of the 18th century Grigori Russoff carries it in their blood, but with them it remains dormant.]]
* HeroicSacrifice: [[spoiler:Buck]] nearly dies protecting [[spoiler:Buttons]] from Jack during a full moon, shielding her body with his own and taking all the blows.
* HumansAreMorons: For a while Jack sees normal people as monkeys and going to places as bars as going to the zoo. At least he admits it sounds egotistical.
* HybridMonster: [[spoiler:Lissa]] is transformed into a were-demon after being simultaneously hit by the light of the full moon and Glitternight’s light.
* HybridOverkillAvoidance: Jack gets infected with [[spoiler:the zombie virus]], but because his biochemistry changes when he transforms it remains limited to his human form. So hitting the human [[spoiler:zombie]] with magically created moonlight gives back a healthy (but feral) werewolf.
* IAmWhatIAm
--> '''Rhona''': How do you live with it? With--being what you are? How can you stand it?
--> '''Jack: ''' What's the other option? Trying to be something I'm not?
* IHateYouVampireDad: Averted. Jack loves his father, even if he passed the curse onto him.
* IKissYourFoot: Jack kisses [[spoiler:Martine Bancroft]]'s foot after a romp. It's definitely meant as erotic.
* IKnowYoureInThereSomewhereFight: Buck tries this occasionally, to little avail.
* ImHavingSoulPains: Part of the transformation; see PainfulTransformation below.
* IncurableCoughOfDeath: Played with in that [[spoiler:Jack doesn't die but turns into an undead instead, in ''Marvel Zombies''.]]
* IntergenerationalFriendship: 19-year-old Jack and 40-something Buck.
* InterspeciesRomance: All of Jack's longer-term girlfriends are human.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Raymond Coker seems like an antisocial loner with a personal vendetta against Jack, but it turns out he has a good reason for it: [[spoiler:he’s a werewolf as well. After he has been cured, the very first thing he thinks is wanting to be turned into a werewolf again, just so Jack would be able to kill him and be cured as well.]]
* KindRestraints: Buck locks up Jack on several occasions to keep both him and everyone else safe, but it's usually to little avail: either the werewolf breaks out or [[WhatAnIdiot Buck opens the door to check on him]]. Later Jack takes to locking himself up, but sometimes still requests others' help -- like Bruce Banner's.
* LetsYouAndHimFight: When Jack runs into Comicbook/IronMan, he is mistakes for a criminal and they start to fight.
* LikeFatherLikeSon: “Ah, Jacob—you’re a big lad, eh? Big like your father—bright like your mother!”
* LoveAtFirstPunch: [[spoiler:Martine]] burns Jack's hand with a cigarette; he transforms, ready to rip her apart. The scene cuts away and the next time we see them they've just had sex.
* MadScientistsBeautifulDaughter: Marlene, Miles Blackgar's daughter.
* MagicalLand: Biphasia, an alternate time/world/dimension (even Jack isn't sure). It's split in two: on one side it's perpetually day, on the other perpetually night.
* MajorInjuryUnderreaction: After being run through with several silver katanas in ''[[ComicBook/ThePunisher Punisher]]'' vol.7 #13: “Acupuncture. Tickles.”
* MessyHair: In volume 2 it's a good indicator of Jack's state of mind.
* MirrorsReflectEverything: At the end of ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 #1, [[spoiler:Marlene and her father are turned to stone when she looks into the mirror.]]
* MonsterMash: The werewolf has fought vampires, the Hunchback of the Notre Dame, gorgons, zombies, golems, the monster of Frankenstein, Jekyll and Hyde and more. Jack is part of the Legion of Monsters; taken up to eleven when the Legion governs Monster Metropolis.
* MoralDilemma: In ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 #5 Jack is promised a cure that may prevent his sister from becoming a werewolf too – but he’ll have to kill a [[spoiler:senile old]] man for it.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: Maria utters these words almost exactly in ''Giant-Size Werewolf'' #3 after the insanity is cleared from her mind and realizes [[spoiler:she nearly killed her grandson]].
* NameOfCain: Joshua Kane, hunter of big game who decides it’ll be fun to hunt Jack, and his brother Luther.
* NebulousEvilOrganisation: The Committee, which seeks to create an economic boom by causing incidents and fear.
* [[spoiler:{{Nephewism}}]]: [[spoiler:Jack's mother remarried her late husband's brother, meaning Jack's stepfather is also his uncle.]]
* NewAgeRetroHippie: Hippies pop up here and there in volume 1 as AcceptableTargets.
* NiceJobFixingItVillain: Many villains (accidentally or intentionally) kill their accomplices, leaving Jack with at least a little less blood on his hands.
* NonhumansLackAttributes: In the few occasions that the werewolf isn't wearing any pants he doesn't have any genitals. Averted in the ''Franken-Castle'' storyline, where the werewolf's nipples are visible even despite the fur.
* NotUsingTheZWord: The zuvembies are very obviously zombies, but due to the Comic Code’s restrictions they couldn’t be called that.
--> '''Jack''': “You mean they’re zo—” '''[[SoundEffectBleep SKRASH]]'''
* OffWithHisHead: Werewolf SuperStrength enables Jack to rip off a {{mook}}'s head ''with his bare hands'', as seen in ''[[ThePunisher Punisher]]'' v7 #11
* OurSoulsAreDifferent: Souls pop up regularly in the series. They can be transformed, for example into chains or {{Eldritch Abomination}}s. [[spoiler:Topaz]] lost part of her soul, but it doesn’t seem to change her at all. [[spoiler:Lissa]] loses her soul as well, but it is replaced with the soul of [[spoiler:Taboo]], again seemingly without consequences. In ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 #42 it’s implied [[spoiler:Fire-Eyes]] now inhabits Jack’s soul.
* PaedoHunt: Jack goes after a pedophile in ''Shadows & Light'' #3.
* ParentalAbandonment: Jack’s biological father died when he was a child; his mother dies in the very first issue.
* PeopleJars: After [[spoiler:being infected with the undead virus]], Morbius keeps Jack in one, as seen in ''[[ComicBook/SpiderMan The Amazing Spider-Man]]'' #622.
* PragmaticAdaptation: What the intended movie adaptation was going to be. Robert Nelson Jacobs' (writer of ''Film/{{Chocolat}}'') script was about Jack "[[DatingCatwoman falling in love]] with a beautiful but deadly BountyHunter".
* PrecisionFStrike: Jack uses "stinking" for the longest time, and ''if'' he swears, it's mostly SymbolSwearing. So when he finally drops his first all-out F-bombs (albeit in the AlternateUniverse of ''Dead of Night featuring Werewolf by Night''), it's pretty significant: "[[ClusterFBomb You fuckers. You lousy, lousy fuckers.]]"
* PsychicPowers: Topaz uses them to keep the werewolf in check.
* PurpleProse: Some of the descriptions in volume 1 are definitely… ''unique''.
* RapeAndRevenge: In ''Shadows & Light'' #3 it’s revealed Jack was molested as a boy; he goes after a pedophile partly out of revenge.
* RedEyesTakeWarning: According to the Marvel handbook, this ''should'' be the case: the werewolf's eyes are yellow when Jack is transformed and fully in control of himself; when he transforms involuntarily and becomes a dangerous, wild animal, they are red. Unfortunately [[DependingOnTheArtist the colorists don't quite adhere to this]] and the two colors often get switched around.
* ReligionOfEvil: The Brotherhood of Baal in ''Giant Size Werewolf'' #2, among others.
* RescueSex: Subverted in ''Midnight Sons Unlimited'' #7. Jack steps in during a robbery on a grocery store; afterwards the girl behind the register asks how she can ever repay him. He gets free groceries.
* SceneryCensor: On the rare occasion that Jack is naked before or after his transformations, he is covered by shadows or objects.
* SeriesContinuityError: In ''Spider-Woman'' vol.1 #49 it’s said six years have passed since Jack’s inherited the curse, meaning he’s 24. But in ''Comicbook/MarvelComicsPresents'' #57, which takes place later in the continuity, it’s said ''Werewolf by Night'' vol. 1 #6 was only 2 years ago, which would make him 20.
* TheSeventies: As ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 was published between 1972 and 1977, what did you expect?
* TheShadowKnows: In several panels in ''Shadows & Light'' #3 a human Jack casts a werewolf shadow right before nightfall.
* ShoutOut: To some of the Hollywood horror greats, like Lon Chaney Jr., BorisKarloff and Maria Ouspenskaya, as well as the MarxBrothers, ErrolFlynn, MarlonBrando, HumphreyBogart and Music/TheRollingStones. In ''Comicbook/GhostRider'' vol.2 #55 Jack wears a shirt of ''Film/TheHowling''.
* SpeechBubbles: Occur in many variations, changing from series to series. For example, in ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1 #42-43, Jack’s speech bubbles get thick, jagged edges when in werewolf form (a police officer describes it as "Mercedes [=McCambridge=] in ''Film/TheExorcist''"). In ''[[{{ComicBook/X-Factor}} X-Factor]]'' his speech bubbles are black with white lettering.
* StealthPun: Jack is said to own a place on Landon Road. The late Michael Landon starred in ''Film/IWasATeenageWerewolf''.
* StrappedToAnOperatingTable: Very common.
* StockShoutOuts: A poster reading “See you next Wednesday” appears in Jack’s room in ''Midnight Sons Unlimited'' #7, which is director John Landis’ CreatorThumbprint. Landis directed ''Film/AnAmericanWerewolfInLondon''.
* SuicideByCop: Jack demands Morbius kill him during their SuicideMission in ''MarvelZombies 4'' [[spoiler:after he has been infected with the zombie virus. Morbius refuses.]]
* SuicideMission: It’s implied the risk was one of the reasons Jack joined Morbius’ Midnight Sons mission in ''MarvelZombies 4'' in the first place.
* TakenForGranite: Everyone on the island is eventually turned into stone statues [[spoiler:by Marlene]].
* TakingTheBullet: [[spoiler:Maria Russoff]] throws herself into the path of a silver knife meant for Jack.
* TapOnTheHead: All. The. Time.
* TheseHandsHaveKilled: After waking up next to a dead body in [=WbN=] v2 and telling [[spoiler:his father]] he thinks he's killed someone.
* ThreateningShark: When Jack dives into the sea to hide from the cops in the earlier issues, he is attacked by a shark.
* TomeOfEldritchLore: The Darkhold, originally Satanic scrolls that Jack’s father had bound into a book. [[spoiler:Reading it was the catalyst that awakened the werewolf curse in his blood.]]
* TransformationSequence: It comes with the trade.
* {{Uberwald}}: Transylvania, Jack’s birthplace, visited on several occasions.
* VitriolicBestBuds: Jack can be rather harsh towards Morbius, yet Morbius still refers to Jack as his best friend. He even goes against direct orders and tries to save the werewolf after [[spoiler:he has become infected with the zombie virus.]]
* VoodooZombie: Although in volume 1 they’re called Zuvembies due to the CCA’s restrictions of that time.
* WeirdMoon: The moon is full three times a month – on one occasion even four.
* WellIntentionedExtremist: Sarnak has gathered an army of mind-controlled beings and has been after a werewolf for years... [[spoiler:to fix the economy.]]
* WeirdnessCensor: Averted for the most part. While a lot of people think the werewolf is a guy wearing a mask, they do catch on after they get a good look. And a lot of people suspect something weird is going on with Jack shortly after meeting him.
* WhoWritesThisCrap / SelfDeprecation: Jack takes a jab at ComicBook/{{Morbius}}, another comic book character owned by Creator/MarvelComics: "Ha! You're such a cliché. So emo all the time about the tragedy of bloodlust like some bad ''Literature/{{Twilight}}'' fanfic."
* WritersCannotDoMath: Going by the number of full moons that appear in ''[=WbN=]'' vol.1, several years must have passed, but Jack remains 19.
* [[YouKilledMyFather You Killed My Mother]]: Jack suspects Philip Russell is responsible for his mother’s death. [[spoiler:He’s not.]]
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