->''"With [[ElegantWeaponForAMoreCivilizedAge a weapon of the past]], I shall defeat an evil of the present."''

Hawkman is one of the oldest of Creator/DCComics' superheroes, having been created in 1940, during UsefulNotes/TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks. He's also one of the most infamous cases of ContinuitySnarl in the world of comics.

As originally envisioned, Hawkman was really archeologist Carter Hall, who discovered that he was actually the reincarnation of an Egyptian prince named Khufu, and that he had been murdered long ago by an evil priest along with the woman he loved. Furthermore, both the priest and his lover had also been reincarnated, and the former had now captured the latter! Arming himself with equipment found at a museum, as well as using an anti-gravity metal called "Ninth metal" (later renamed Nth metal) to fly, Carter created the costumed identity of Hawkman to go rescue her. She would later join him in his adventures as "Hawkgirl". Hawkman would also become one of the founders of the first superhero group, the ComicBook/JusticeSocietyOfAmerica. Hawkman was the only hero to appear in every single Golden Age JSA story. When Alan Scott/Green Lantern left the group, Hawkman was elected chairman and remained so for the rest of the JSA's run in All-Star Comics.

Hawkman's feature in Flash Comics ended when that book was canceled in 1949. He continued to appear in All-Star Comics until that book was cancelled in 1951, bringing DC's Golden Age of superhero comics to an end. During UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks, he was reinvented, this time as Katar Hol, a law enforcement agent from the planet Thanagar (conveniently inhabited by HumanAliens) who came to Earth (along with his partner and wife Shayera) to study Earth's crimefighting techniques, and they assumed the identities of museum curators Carter and Shiera Hall. They also acted as superheroes (using their Thanagarian uniforms) and became known as Hawkman and Hawkgirl (later renamed Hawkwoman). They soon joined the {{Justice League|OfAmerica}}, the modern version of the Justice Society, and even met the ''original'' Hawks during the League's team-ups with the Society (which was established as having existed in the [[AlternateUniverse parallel universe]] called Earth-2.)

(At around this time, Hawkman appeared on ''[[WesternAnimation/SuperFriends Challenge of the Super Friends]]''. Since no one on that show was allowed to throw a punch, his prowess was portrayed as ... somewhat less than stellar. Basically, he could fly, and that's it -- which for a super hero is like being able to tie your shoes.)

Up to this point, there was no real confusion over the Hawkman characters. It all started after DC decided to {{Retcon}} their universe with the CrisisCrossover called ComicBook/CrisisOnInfiniteEarths. All of DC's titles were supposed to undergo a {{reboot}} afterwards; but due to poor editorial overseeing, some titles were rebooted but others were not. More specifically, the original Silver Hawkman was initially still around after the Crisis, even having his own ongoing series again. However, in 1989, Tim Truman and John Ostrander wrote a miniseries called 'Hawkworld'; the idea was not to remove or recton UsefulNotes/{{the Silver Age|of Comic Books}} Hawks as they were now, but rather to give their origin a more modern update. However, [[ExecutiveMeddling for whatever reason,]] it was decided that Hawkworld would turn out to have taken place in the present day, thus completely rebooting the Hawks, despite such a change occurring 4-5 years after Crisis. In the end, Silver Age Hawkman was reinvented as a DarkerAndEdgier character who had only recently arrived on Earth--but due to this change happening several years after the Crisis instead of right after it, Hawkman was ''still'' supposed to have been a member of the League for years! They explained this by claiming that the winged heroes in the League were actually the Golden Age Hawkman and Hawkgirl (since all DC characters now existed in one universe) and, later, that a Thanagarian spy had joined the team as Hawkman.

When DC decided to fix its post-Crisis mistakes with ''another'' reality-changing crossover (ComicBook/ZeroHour) somebody came up with the idea of having the various Hawks... ''merged'' into a single being, known as the "Hawk-god". This idea was poorly received and his series was soon cancelled. DC was so desperate over the mess that they actually ''forbade'' anybody from using the character for years. (Which is why Creator/GrantMorrison was forced to create/sub in [[OurAngelsAreDifferent Zauriel]] when he was writing [[Comicbook/JusticeLeague JLA]].)

When the ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague'' animated series was made, it was decided that Hawkgirl, rather than Hawkman, would be a member (leading to an entire generation that consider Shayera, rather than Katar, to be "the" Justice League Hawk.) A Hawkman {{expy}}, Hro Talak, was introduced in the series as her former lover ''and'' a bad guy! Even later, an actual Hawkman character (Carter Hall, following a variation of the Golden Age reincarnation origin) was also introduced in the cartoon.

Back in the comics, DC tried to exploit Hawkgirl's post-cartoon popularity by having (a variation of) her take over the new Hawkman comic book, but it didn't work and it too was soon canceled. Hawkman was ''finally'' brought back in the pages of the new Justice Society comic series, with a new origin that explains that both Khufu and his mate have reincarnated many times, including as Katar and Shayera.

In 2011, the entire DC Universe was rebooted, erasing all the history (good or bad) of most characters including Hawkman. Hawkman had his own self-titled book which established him as CArter Hall... before Rob Liefeld came on as writer and retconned him into being Katar Hol. Hawkgirl (Kendra Saunders again) is featured in James Robinson's ''[[{{ComicBook/Earth2}} Earth-2]]'', but isn't connected to the Hawkman mythos, being neither a reincarnation or alien. Katar would eventually die in the ''Death of Hawkman'' miniseries. The ComicBook/DCRebirth event ''ComicBook/DarkNightsMetal'' reintroduced the reincarnating Hawks, both having operated as Hawkman and Hawkgirl in the past. Carter was introduced as being lost in the Dark Multiverse while Kendra Saunders (this time with memories of her previous lives) disposed of her Hawkgirl equipment and became Lady Blackhawk. Carter will be the lead in the new ''Hawkman'' series will begin in June of 2018, while Kendra will be one of the main characters in a new ''Justice League'' series, now going by Hawkwoman.

Hawkman and Hawkwoman appear as members of the Justice League on the ''WesternAnimation/YoungJustice'' series. Hawkgirl is a playable character in ''VideoGame/InjusticeGodsAmongUs''. Hawkman was also a recurring character in the late seasons of ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', played by Michael Shanks. Hawkgirl (Kendra Saunders version) and Hawkman (Carter Hall) also feature in the first season of the ''Series/{{Arrowverse}}'' spinoff ''Series/LegendsOfTomorrow'', played by Ciara Renee and Falk Hentschel, respectively.

!!This character(s) provides examples of the following:

* AdventurerArchaeologist: Carter sometimes comes across as Indiana Jones crossed with Conan the Barbarian.
* AffectionateNickname: Shayera calls Katar "peacock". In return, Katar calls her "magpie".
* AffirmativeActionLegacy: Kendra Saunders was half-white and half-Hispanic, in contrast to previous, white Hawkgirls.
* AlwaysABiggerFish: The first issue of the ''Hawkworld'' mini-series begins with a hawk feeding a lizard to her babies. Then the mother hawk ends up getting eaten by a humanoid alien lizard. Then, the lizard-man sees the Wingmen's transport craft arriving and flees in terror.
* AlternateCompanyEquivalent: To Creator/{{Marvel|Comics}}'s [[ComicBook/TheFalcon Falcon]], or arguably Angel from the Comicbook/XMen.
** In the Golden Age, Marvel's predecessor, Timely, published a similar hero named Red Raven.
* AntiHero: Carter Hall is a well-educated, suave, intelligent, and otherwise nice guy to be around. Hawkman on the other hand fights like Conan the Barbarian, and is not especially careful about injuring his supervillains, which he is likely to do thanks to his enhanced strength and weapons. Still, Hawkman ''is'' a fundamentally good person, he just occasionally lapses at times. In Hawkman v4 it was a constant personal struggle between being a man who upheld the law and acting like the warrior of violent times he'd been in his many past lives.
* AnimalTalk: Silver Age Hawkman and Hawkwoman can talk to birds as a result of side-effects from using the Absorbascon. Unlike Comicbook/{{Aquaman}}, they can't command them but rather use them as spies and snitches.
* AnimalThemedSuperbeing: Hawks, naturally. Wings and all.
* AppliedPhlebotinum: The "Nth Metal" from which the Hawks' wings are made.
* {{Archnemesis}}: Hath-Set to Carter and Shiera/Kendra.
** The Gentleman Ghost is often Carter and Shiera/Kendra's archenemy.
** Byth to Katar and Shayera.
%%* ArmedWithCanon
* ArtisticLicenseChemistry: Nth Metal (sometimes called "Ninth Metal")
* AscendedExtra:
** Kalmoran, in a way. He's first mentioned in ''The Brave and the Bold'' #43 as a folk hero, and his statue was seen stolen by the Manhawks in the flashback. In the ''Hawkworld'' mini-series, he's also revealed to be their founder and savior.
** Krandor Vat, the High Mor (ruler) of Thanagar, made his only appearance in ''The Brave and the Bold'' #42. He had a bigger role in Elseworlds' ''Legend of the Hawkman''.
* AscendedFanboy: Charley Parker, he became Golden Eagle.
* BadassBookworm: Carter Hall, an extremely intelligent archaeologist and historian, plus it helps to have several lifetimes of experience.
* BadassFamily: When his origins are clear enough. Basically every single person in his family is a superhero of some kind- except his grandson Daniel. Daniel [[ComicBook/TheSandman is the incumbent]] AnthropomorphicPersonification [[ComicBook/TheSandman of stories and dreams]].
* BecauseDestinySaysSo: The romance between Khufu/Carter and Chay-Ara/Shiera, and their battle with Hath-Set.
* BettyAndVeronica: Shayera and Mavis Trent in the Silver Age. Mavis is always trying to get Katar's attention even though he's married.
* BlackBraAndPanties: Hawkgirl during Creator/HowardChaykin's run on the character.
* BrotherSisterTeam: [[spoiler:Hawkboy and his sister in ''ComicBook/TheDarkKnightStrikesAgain''.]]
* CanineCompanion: In one issue, Shayera Hol has a pet poodle.
* CaptainErsatz: The angel Zauriel was a stand-in for Hawkman in the League during the time the latter was not usable.
* CatchAFallingStar: Or a falling ''Batmobile!'' (In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheBatman''.)
* CategoryTraitor: Katar and Shayera (mostly Pre-Crisis).
* TheChosenOne: [[spoiler:Hawkwoman]] in Elseworlds ''Legend of the Hawkman''.
* CityOfAdventure: Midway City, the second Hawkman's Earthly base of operations.
** St. Roch, Carter Hall and Kendra Saunder's base of operations.
* ContinuitySnarl: One of the most drastic in the history of comics. He has [[ContinuitySnarl/{{Hawkman}} his own page]].
* CoversAlwaysLie: ''Hawkworld'' Vol. 1 #3's back cover talks about the evils of the Thanagarian aristocracy and how Katar is the only one who can save Downside's alien population. [[spoiler:While Katar runs a secret hospital for Downsiders using black market supplies, Katar never does anything to end Downside's oppression and even rejoins the Wingmen at the end of the series to satisfy his vengeance against Byth. Although, in fairness, Katar then turns his finances and reputation as a Thanagarian Hero toward helping the Downsiders in the ongoing series... albeit him doing so by hiring JLA villain Kanjar Ro as his frontman, not knowing how corrupt Ro is.]]
* {{Cult}}: The followers of Thasaro. [[spoiler:However, their god kills them because he does not like to be used.]] Also the followers of Onimar Synn on Thanagar.
* DaChief: Andar Pul
* DevelopmentGag: One issue has Kendra Saunders, who recently donned the Hawkgirl mantle, bump into Zauriel, who was introduced to be the new Hawkman.
** Zauriel being part of the Eagle-Host of angels, sharing a bird motif as Hawkman.
* DirtyCop: Virtually the entire Wingmen force (especially post-''Hawkworld''), except for Katar and (DependingOnTheWriter) Shayera Hol. In fairness, the Wingmen believe that it's Katar that is the corrupt cop, since he opposes his people's fascist tendencies and is running an underworld operation to feed and provide medicine to the Downsiders.
* DoingInTheWizard: Reinventing Hawkman as a SciFi hero instead of a supernatural one.
* DoubleStandardRapeFemaleOnMale: [[spoiler:Forerunner on Golden Eagle.]]
* DropTheHammer: Hawkgirl's primary weapon is a mace.
* {{Eagleland}}: The ''Hawkworld'' comics tend to portray America in either Flavor 2 or Mixed Flavor, while Katar Hol (inspired by the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution) embraces the Flavor 1 idealism and hopes Thanagar might follow the same example.
* EmpoweredBadassNormal: Depending on the version, the Hawks are normal people given superpowers through some method or other.
* EnemyWithout: The Shadow Thief, in the DCAU version of Hawkman.
%%* FaceHeelTurn: Golden Eagle
* FantasticRacism: Thanagar post-Crisis subjugated multiple alien worlds and uses their people as poorly paid wage slaves and treats them as second class citizens.
%%* FieryRedhead: Hawkwoman
* {{Flight}}: With artificial wings in the comics, and natural ones in the cartoon.
* FreakyFridayFlip: Count Viper switched bodies with Shayera. Then he used her body to switch with Katar's. Viper-in-Katar imprisoned him/her, while Viper's henchmen tried to rape him/her! Katar-in-Shayera kicked their asses and was reunited with Shayera-in-Viper. With the help of Katar's mother, he, Shayera, and Count Viper entered the "spirit level" to fight each other, and returned back into their own bodies.
* FusionDance: The Hawk God.
* GeneticMemory: Nth metal contains the racial memories of Thanagarians, which they passed on to Carter and Shiera Hall.
* GentlemanThief: Gentleman Ghost
* GodGuise: In one issue, Katar Hol was mistaken for the god Horus.
* GrandTheftMe: The spirit of Hath-Set, Carter and Shayera's worst enemy (the one who killed them in their first life in Egypt), can possess any of his descendants. Because his genes have had over five-thousand years to spread, that means approximately half of the human race. Count Viper's power does this as well.
* GreatBigBookOfEverything: The Absorbacon
%%* HalfHumanHybrid: Katar Hol and Charles Parker
* HappilyMarried:
** Carter Hall and Shiera Sanders
** Katar and Shayera Hol (pre-ComicBook/{{Crisis|on Infinite Earths}})
%%* HeelFaceTurn: Fel Andar
* HegemonicEmpire: The Thanagarian Empire started out as this, and eventually becoming more of an actual [[TheEmpire Empire]].
* HeroesWantRedHeads: Though Hawkman wants her even when she's not a redhead.
%%* HeroWorshipper: Charley Parker
* IBelieveICanFly: Flying is not the Hawks' only ability, but they're best known for it.
%%* IJustWantToBeSpecial: Charley Parker
* InstantMessengerPigeon: Commissioner Emmett's pet bird, sent to Hawkman when he's needed.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Carter Hall, especially in recent years.
* JudgeJuryAndExecutioner: The Wingmen are known to be this.
* KingArthur: One of his knights was an incarnation of Khufu/Carter as well.
%%* LegacyCharacter
%%* LegacyImplosion
* LivingShadow: Shadow-Thief.
* LoveTriangle: Katar/Hawkman, Shayera/Hawkwoman, and Mavis Trent
** In recent continuity there was a bit of a triangle between Carter, Kendra and Roy Harper (Red Arrow).
* MagicalNativeAmerican: Katar Hol and his human mother.
* {{Mondegreen}}: Two characters with similar names: Hyathis (queen of planet Alstair) and Hya''n''this (Shayera Thal II's maternal grandmother)
%%* MishmashMuseum: Midway City Museum
* MissingMom: Katar's mother, Faraway Woman ("Naomi Carter")
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: When Katar realized he killed his father and later, a Wingor who was making a set of wings for him.
* MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch: Katar and Shayera Hol (pre-ComicBook/{{Crisis|on Infinite Earths}})
* NebulousEvilOrganisation: C.A.W. (Criminal Alliance of the World)
%%* {{Ninja}}: Shadow Thief
* NoCommunitiesWereHarmed St. Roch is a clear stand-in for New Orleans, which also exists in the DCU.
* NoNameGiven: [[spoiler:Katar and Shayera's son and daughter in ''ComicBook/TheDarkKnightStrikesAgain''. The son was called Hawkboy.]]
* NonHumanSidekick: A large red hawk named Big Red often accompanies the Silver Age Hawks. A hawk by the same name accompanied the Golden Age Hawks in the 40s as well.
* NotHisSled: In the ''Hawkworld'' mini-series, Katar Hol meets Shayera Thal, whom we know will eventually become Katar's partner and wife, and become Hawkwoman. Except in the second issue, she was [[DeathByAdaptation killed off]] in a bombing attack. Then by the third and final issue, Katar meets another redheaded woman who's joined the Wingmen, and revealed that she was adopted by Shayera's father who named her Shayera as well due to being reminded of his daughter. She also revealed that [[EarlyBirdCameo she was one of the orphans]] he met at the start of the first issue. In the ''Hawkworld'' monthly series, it was revealed that she's the illegitimate daughter of the first Shayera (then 13-years-old) and Commissioner Andar Pul.
* OlderAndWiser:
** In ''Hawkworld'' issue 2, Katar had one that was an oppressed Wingor, named R'd Nar, who helped him get out of his funk.
%%** Faraway Woman
* OlderHeroVsYoungerVillain: Hawkman vs Golden Eagle.
* OldMaster: The Wingor R'd Nar from ''Hawkworld'' and Faraway Woman.
%%* OurFounder: Kalmoran
* OurWerebeastsAreDifferent: Lion-Mane (a werecat). An archaeologist/lion-hunter transforms into the Lion-Mane by the power of a meteor.
%%* ParentalAbandonment:
%%** Charley Parker
%%** Shayera Thal
* PercussivePrevention: Hawkgirl does this to Hawkman in the animated series.
%%* PlanetOfHats: Thanagar
* PoliceAreUseless: Wingmen are corrupted.
* ThePowerOfLove: Hawkman and Hawkwoman/Hawkgirl
* RaceLift: George Emmett gone from white (pre-Crisis) to black (post-''Hawkworld'').
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Krandor Vat in ''Legend of the Hawkman''.
* {{Reincarnation}} / ReincarnationRomance: Khufu/Carter and Chay-Ara/Shiera/Kendra. They are reincarnated Egyptian nobles who were murdered but found each other again in modern times. In fact, thanks to an Nth Metal dagger, they are both cursed to meet, fall in love, and die tragically in each life.
* RentAZilla: Byth, when he turned into a giant dinosaur-like Brontadon.
* TheRez: Paran Katar met Faraway Woman in one.
* RoguesGalleryTransplant: Most of Katar and Shayera's enemies (including Shadow-Thief, Lion-Mane, Fadeaway Man, etc.) now become Carter and Kendra's enemies.
* RomanticFalseLead: Hawkman is reduced to this in the animated series.
* ScrewDestiny: Kendra Saunders
* SealedEvilInACan: Thasaro in Elseworlds ''Legend of the Hawkman''.
* SecretKeeper:
** Commissioner George Emmett (he's gave Katar and Shayera their Earth names and jobs as museum curators)
** Charley Parker (before becoming Golden Eagle)
* SecretWar: The Shadow War. Thanagarian agents infiltrate Earth to steal Katar and Shayera's equipment, since most of their technology was lost during the Equalizer Plague. They initially kept their battles secret from the Justice League for their safety.
* SelfMadeOrphan: A drugged Katar Hol killed his father because his soon-to-be archenemy Byth told him he was smuggling weapons. Katar found out his dad was smuggling food and medicine to the oppressed lower-class citizens. Katar was around 18 at the time. Subverted as Katar later finds out his father had lied about his mother being deceased.
%%* ShapeShifter: Byth Rok
* ShoutOut:
** In the JSA storyline ''The Return of Hawkman'', one of the members of the Talon of Truth looks like a [[ComicBook/XMen Shi'ar]].
** The Nth metal was inspired by [[Creator/HGWells Cavorite]].
* SlaveRace: The denizens of Downside. Aliens from conquered worlds end up there, forming a single, amorphous class of downtrodden slaves. Some Thanagarians themselves (Katar Hol and young Shayera Thal, each of them at one point) end up in this trope. Isamot Kol, a [[LizardFolk Lizard Man]] GreenLantern, is one of these aliens, but is proud to be from Thanagar.
* SomethingPerson: Hawkman follows this naming scheme.
* SpacePolice: Katar and Shayera are often referred to as "alien cops", usually by Green Arrow.
* SpeaksFluentAnimal: Hawkman can speak to birds because a device called an Absorbascon uploaded him with much information about Earth. Maybe a side effect.
* SpotlightStealingSquad: Hawkgirl receives far more attention and exposure than Hawkman himself, given her prominence in the ExpandedUniverse including her role in ''VideoGame/InjusticeGodsAmongUs'', the DCAU, and ''Series/LegendsOfTomorrow''
* StrawCharacter: During UsefulNotes/{{the Bronze Age|OfComicBooks}}, the ''JusticeLeagueOfAmerica'' writers, who were staunch liberals, used Hawkman as a somewhat thuggish conservative counterpoint to ComicBook/GreenArrow.
* SuperheroSpeciation: Only Hawkman (Katar Hol) was allowed membership of the JLA. It was many years before Hawkgirl (Shayera) became a member and broke the original twelve-member limit, after Hawkman threatened to resign if she was not. Also, Hawkgirl sometimes uses a bow and arrows, which is Green Arrow's specialty.
* SuperStrength: Though not as strong as Superman and Captain Marvel, Nth Metal does give him enhanced strength.
* SwissArmyWeapon: DCAU Hawkgirl's energy mace. Aside from just hitting stuff and people with it, it also serves as a anti-magic weapon. Itís put to great use in piercing barriers and damaging villains that even Superman canít break through/damage.
* [[ThrowingYourSwordAlwaysWorks Throwing Your Mace Always Works]]
* {{Unobtainium}}: Nth Metal
* WalkingShirtlessScene: Well, Flying Shirtless Scene. Hawkman seldom wears a shirt.
* WallOfWeapons: Hawkman's own personal armory.
* WeddingRingDefense: Played with in one Silver Age story. Carter Hall (Katar Hol) points out to a nosy co-worker that while he and Shiera (Shayera) might resemble Hawkman and Hawkgirl, Hawkgirl doesn't wear a wedding ring and Shiera does. He ''doesn't'' bother telling the guy that Thanagarian women wear wedding ''earrings'' instead (and yes, Hawkgirl's outfit includes those).
* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: Midway City is in Michigan. Or is it Illinois? Averted with St. Roch, which is explicitly in Louisiana.
* WildChild: [[spoiler:Hawkboy and his sister, ever since they were left alone in the rainforest of Costa Rica after their parents were killed.]]
* WillTheyOrWontThey:
** Katar Hol and Shayera Thal (ComicBook/PostCrisis)
** Carter Hall and Kendra Saunders/[[spoiler:Shiera Hall]].
*** [[spoiler:[[TheyDo They actually consummated their relationship]] after being resurrected in the finale of Blackest Night, as [[strike:Kendra]] Shayera now has memories of all of her past lives, like Carter had always had in his current incarnation. Then she died again.]]
* WindFromBeneathMyWings: A standard attack form for Hawkman.
* WingedHumanoid:
** Manhawks and Feitherans.
** [[spoiler:In ''The Dark Knight Strikes Back'', Hawkboy and his sister have real wings on their backs.]]
** Wingors that are gorilla-like aliens with wings.
** Thanagarians that use the AppliedPhlebotinum of "Nth Metal" to provide antigravity. That metal is usually carried in the belt, the wings themselves are typically attached to a harness and are only used to steer in flight. In some continuities (notably the DCAU), however, the wings are a part of their body.
*** Katar Hol did had real wings briefly post-Zero Hour, as a result of merging with Carter, Shiera and the "hawk god".
* YouCantFightFate: That's what Kendra Saunders was trying to do. It didn't work out.
%%* YouCantGoHomeAgain:
%%** Katar and Shayera (pre-ComicBook/{{Crisis|on Infinite Earths}})
%%** Shayera (DCAU)
* YouKilledMyFather: Katar actually killed his father, but he had no idea it was him. Byth tricked him into thinking he was selling weapons to the Downsiders instead of smuggling them medication.
** [[spoiler:In ''The Dark Knight Strikes Again'', Katar and Shayera were killed by Lex Luthor. Hawkboy and his sister want revenge.]]
** In ''Hawkworld'' issue 2, Katar killed R'd Nar's brother because he was making a wing harness and thought he was going to escape without him. To his horror, he learned that he was making them for Katar and has natural wings. Though, R'd Nar doesn't hold it against Katar because he was in drug withdrawal and his brother wasn't afraid to die.