http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/hawkman_kubert_3793.jpg

'''Hawkman''' is one of the oldest of Creator/DCComics' superheroes, having been created in 1940, during TheGoldenAgeOfComicBooks. He's also one of the most infamous cases of ContinuitySnarl in the world of comics.

As originally envisioned, Hawkman was really archeologist Carter Hall, who discovered that he was actually the reincarnation of an Egyptian prince named Khufu, and that he had been murdered long ago by an evil priest along with the woman he loved. Furthermore, both the priest and his lover had also been reincarnated, and the former had now captured the latter! Arming himself with equipment found at a museum, as well as using an anti-gravity metal called "Ninth metal" (later renamed Nth metal) to fly, Carter created the costumed identity of Hawkman to go rescue her. She would later join him in his adventures as "Hawkgirl". Hawkman would also become one of the founders of the first superhero group, the JusticeSocietyOfAmerica. As the only hero to appear in every single Golden Age JSA story, he was later retconned to be the leader of the group.

During TheInterregnum, Hawkman's series, as with most other superheroes of the time, was canceled. During TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks, he was reinvented, this time as Katar Hol, a law enforcement agent from the planet Thanagar (conveniently inhabited by HumanAliens) who came to Earth (along with his partner and wife Shayera) to study Earth's crimefighting techniques, and they assumed the identities of museum curators Carter and Shiera Hall. They also acted as superheroes (using their Thanagarian uniforms) and became known as Hawkman and Hawkwoman. They soon joined the {{Justice League|OfAmerica}}, the modern version of the Justice Society, and even met the ''original'' Hawks during the League's team-ups with the Society (which was established as having existed in the [[AlternateUniverse parallel universe]] called Earth-2.)

(At around this time, Hawkman appeared on ''[[WesternAnimation/SuperFriends Challenge of the Super Friends]]''. Since no one on that show was allowed to throw a punch, his prowess was portrayed as ... somewhat less than stellar. Basically, he could fly, and that's it -- which for a super hero is like being able to tie your shoes.)

Up to this point, there was no real confusion over the Hawkman characters. It all started after DC decided to {{Retcon}} their universe with the CrisisCrossover called ComicBook/CrisisOnInfiniteEarths. All of DC's titles were supposed to undergo a {{reboot}} afterwards; but due to poor editorial overseeing, some titles were rebooted but others were not. More specifically, the original Silver Hawkman was initially still around after the Crisis, even having his own ongoing series again. However, in 1989, John Ostrander wrote a miniseries called 'Hawkworld'; the idea was not to remove or recton the SilverAge Hawks as they were now, but rather to give their origin a more modern update. However, [[ExecutiveMeddling for whatever reason,]] it was decided that Hawkworld would turn out to have taken place in the present day, thus completely rebooting the Hawks, despite such a change occurring 4-5 years after Crisis. In the end, Silver Age Hawkman was reinvented as a DarkerAndEdgier character who had only recently arrived on Earth--but due to this change happening several years after the Crisis instead of right after it, Hawkman was ''still'' supposed to have been a member of the League for years! They explained this by claiming that the winged heroes in the League were actually the Golden Age Hawkman and Hawkgirl (since all DC characters now existed in one universe) and, later, that a Thanagarian spy had joined the team as Hawkman.

When DC decided to fix its post-Crisis mistakes with ''another'' reality-changing crossover (ZeroHour) somebody came up with the idea of having the various Hawks... ''merged'' into a single being, known as the "Hawk-god". This idea was poorly received and his series was soon cancelled. DC was so desperate over the mess that they actually ''forbade'' anybody from using the character for years.

When the ''WesternAnimation/JusticeLeague'' animated series was made, it was decided that Hawkgirl, rather than Hawkman, would be a member. A Hawkman {{expy}}, Hro Talak, was introduced in the series as her former lover ''and'' a bad guy! Even later, an actual Hawkman character (Carter Hall, following a variation of the Golden Age reincarnation origin) was also introduced in the cartoon.

Back in the comics, DC tried to exploit Hawkgirl's popularity by having (a variation of) her take over the new Hawkman comic book, but it didn't work and it too was soon canceled. Hawkman was ''finally'' brought back in the pages of the new Justice Society comic series, with a new origin that explains that both Khufu and his mate have reincarnated many times, including as Katar and Shayera.

In 2011, the entire DC Universe was rebooted, erasing all the history (good or bad) of most characters including Hawkman, hopefully ending the confusion for good. Hawkman had his own self-titled book, and Hawkgirl (Kendra Saunders again) is featured in James Robinson's ''[[{{ComicBook/Earth2}} Earth-2]].''

Hawkman and Hawkwoman appear as members of the Justice League on the ''WesternAnimation/YoungJustice'' series. Hawkgirl is a playable character in ''InjusticeGodsAmongUs''. Hawkman was also a recurring character in the late seasons of ''Series/{{Smallville}}'', played by Creator/MichaelShanks.

----
!!This character(s) provides examples of the following:

* AdventurerArchaeologist: Carter sometimes comes across as Indiana Jones crossed with Conan the Barbarian.
* AffectionateNickname: Shayera calls Katar "peacock". In return, Katar calls her "magpie".
* AffirmativeActionLegacy: Kendra Saunders was half-white and half-Latina, in contrast to previous, white Hawkgirls.
* AlwaysABiggerFish: The first issue of the ''Hawkworld'' mini-series begins with a hawk feeding a lizard to her babies. Then the mother hawk ends up getting eaten by a humanoid alien lizard.
* AntiHero: Type III. Carter Hall is a well-educated, suave, intelligent, and otherwise nice guy to be around. Hawkman on the other hand fights like Conan the Barbarian, and is not especially careful about injuring his supervillains, which he is likely to do thanks to his enhanced strength and weapons. Still, Hawkman ''is'' a fundamentally good person, he just occasionally lapses at times. In Hawkman v4 it was a constant personal struggle between being a man who upheld the law and acting like the warrior of violent times he'd been in his many past lives.
* AnimalTalk: Silver Age Hawkman and Hawkwoman can talk to birds as a result of side-effects from using the Absorbascon. Unlike Comicbook/{{Aquaman}}, they can't command them but rather use them as spies and snitches.
* AnimalThemedSuperbeing
* AppliedPhlebotinum: The "Nth Metal" from which the Hawks' wings are made.
* {{Archnemesis}}: Hath-Set to Carter and Shiera/Kendra.
** The Gentleman Ghost is often Carter and Shiera/Kendra's archenemy.
** Byth to Katar and Shayera.
* ArmedWithCanon
* ArtisticLicenseChemistry: Nth Metal (sometimes called "Ninth Metal")
* AscendedFanboy: Charley Parker, he became Golden Eagle.
* BadassBookworm: Carter Hall, an extremely intelligent archaeologist and historian, plus it helps to have several lifetimes of experience.
* BadassFamily: When his origins are clear enough. Basically every single person in his family is a superhero of some kind- except his grandson Daniel. Daniel [[ComicBook/TheSandman is the incumbent]] AnthropomorphicPersonification [[ComicBook/TheSandman of stories and dreams]].
* BadassGrandpa: The Golden Age Hawkman, although when he finally comes back for good, he now has the body of a much younger man.
* BecauseDestinySaysSo
* BettyAndVeronica: Hawkgirl and Mavis Trent in the Silver Age.
* BlackBraAndPanties: Hawkgirl during Creator/HowardChaykin's run on the character.
* BlondesAreEvil: Hummingbird
* BlondGuysAreEvil: Charley Parker
** Averted with the Golden Age Hawkman, as Carter Hall was originally blond.
* BrotherSisterTeam: [[spoiler:Hawkboy and his sister in ''TheDarkKnightStrikesAgain''.]]
* CanineCompanion: In one issue, Shayera Hol has a pet poodle.
* CaptainErsatz: The angel Zauriel was a stand-in for Hawkman in the League during the time the latter was not usable.
* CatchAFallingStar: Or a falling ''Batmobile!'' (In an episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheBatman''.)
* CategoryTraitor: Katar and Shayera (mostly Pre-Crisis).
* TheChosenOne: [[spoiler:Hawkwoman]] in Elseworlds ''Legend of the Hawkman''.
* CityOfAdventure: Midway City, the second Hawkman's Earthly base of operations.
** St. Roch, Carter Hall and Kendra Saunder's base of operations.
* ContinuitySnarl: One of the most drastic in the history of comics.
* {{Cult}}: The followers of Thasaro. [[spoiler:However, their god kills them because he does not like to be used.]]
** Also the followers of Onimar Synn on Thanagar.
* DirtyCop: Virtually the entire Wingmen force (especially post-''Hawkworld''), except for Katar and (DependingOnTheWriter) Shayera Hol.
* DoingInTheWizard: Reinventing Hawkman as a SciFi hero instead of a supernatural one.
* DropTheHammer: DCAU Hawkgirl's primary weapon is an energy mace.
* {{Eagleland}}: The ''Hawkworld'' comics tend to portray America in either Flavor 2 or Mixed Flavor, while Katar Hol (inspired by the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution) embraces the Flavor 1 idealism and hopes Thanagar might follow the same example.
* EmpoweredBadassNormal
* EnemyWithout: The Shadow Thief, in the DCAU version of Hawkman.
* ExiledFromContinuity
* {{Expy}}: Hro Talak in the DCAU is basically Evil Hawkman. His name is even an anagram of Katar Hol.
* FaceHeelTurn: Golden Eagle
* FieryRedhead: Hawkwoman
* {{Flight}}: With artificial wings in the comics, and natural ones in the cartoon.
* FreakyFridayFlip: Count Viper switched bodies with Shayera. Then he used her body to switch with Katar's. Viper-in-Katar imprisoned him/her, while Viper's henchmen tried to rape him/her! Katar-in-Shayera kicked their asses and was reunited with Shayera-in-Viper. With the help of his mother, Katar, Shayera, and Count Viper entered the "spirit level" to fight each other, and returned back into their own bodies.
* FusionDance: The Hawk God.
* GeneticMemory: Nth metal contains the racial memories of Thanagarians, which they passed on to Carter and Shiera Hall.
* GentlemanThief: Gentleman Ghost
* GodGuise: In one issue, Katar Hol was mistaken for the god Horus.
* GrandTheftMe: The spirit of Hath-Set, Carter and Shayera's worst enemy (the one who killed them in their first life in Egypt), can possess any of his descendants. Because his genes have had over five-thousand years to spread, that means approximately half of the human race.
* GreatBigBookOfEverything: The Absorbacon
* HalfHumanHybrid: Katar Hol and Charles Parker
* HappilyMarried:
** Carter Hall and Shiera Sanders
** Katar and Shayera Hol (PreCrisis)
* HeelFaceTurn: Fel Andar
* HeroesWantRedHeads: Though Hawkman wants her even when she's not a redhead.
* HeroWorshipper: Charley Parker
* IBelieveICanFly: Flying is not the Hawks' only ability, but they're best known for it.
* IJustWantToBeSpecial: Charley Parker
* InstantMessengerPigeon: Commissioner Emmett's pet bird, sent to Hawkman when he's needed.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Carter Hall, especially in recent years.
* JudgeJuryAndExecutioner: The Wingmen are known to be this.
* KingArthur: One of his knights was an incarnation of Khufu/Carter as well.
* LegacyCharacter
* LegacyImplosion
* LivingShadow: Shadow Thief.
* LoveTriangle: Katar/Hawkman, Shayera/Hawkwoman, and Mavis Trent
** In recent continuity there was a bit of a triangle between Carter, Kendra and Roy Harper (Red Arrow).
* LukeIAmYourFather: In the DCAU, Hawkgirl is the mother of future hero Warhawk--but the father is [[spoiler:Green Lantern John Stewart]]!
** Fel Andar is Charley Parker's father.
** Hawkgirl's mother is Queen Khea.
*** Shiera Sanders or Chay-Ara?
* MagicalNativeAmerican: Katar Hol and his human mother.
* {{Mondegreen}}: Two characters with similar names: Hyathis (queen of planet Alstair) and Hya''n''this (Shayera Thal II's maternal grandmother)
* MishmashMuseum: Midway City Museum
* MissingMom: Katar's mother, Faraway Woman ("Naomi Carter")
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: When Katar realized he killed his father and later, a Wingor who was making a set of wings for him.
* MySpeciesDothProtestTooMuch: Katar and Shayera Hol (PreCrisis)
* NebulousEvilOrganisation: C.A.W. (Criminal Alliance of the World)
* {{Ninja}} / McNinja: Shadow Thief
* NoCommunitiesWereHarmed St. Roch is a clear stand-in for New Orleans, which also exists in the DCU.
* NoNameGiven: [[spoiler:Katar and Shayera's son and daughter in ''TheDarkKnightStrikesAgain''. The son was called Hawkboy.]]
* NonHumanSidekick: A large red hawk named Big Red often accompanies the Silver Age Hawks.
* OlderAndWiser: In ''Hawkworld'' issue 2, Katar had one that was an oppressed Wingor, named R'd Nar, who helped him get out of his funk.
** Faraway Woman
* OlderHeroVsYoungerVillain: Hawkman vs Golden Eagle.
* OldMaster: The Wingor R'd Nar from ''Hawkworld'' and Faraway Woman.
* OldSuperhero: Carter Hall (he's not so old anymore)
* OurFounder: Kalmoran
* OurWerebeastsAreDifferent: Lion-Mane (a WereCat). An archaeologist/lion-hunter transforms into the Lion-Mane by the power of a meteor.
* ParentalAbandonment:
** Charley Parker
** Shayera Thal
* PercussivePrevention: Hawkgirl does this to Hawkman in the animated series.
* PlanetOfHats: Thanagar
* PoliceAreUseless: Wingmen are corrupted.
* PostCrisis: His continuity gets messed up, but not right away.
* ThePowerOfLove: Hawkman and Hawkwoman/Hawkgirl
* RaceLift: George Emmett gone from white (pre-Crisis) to black (post-''Hawkworld'').
* [[DoubleStandardRapeFemaleOnMale Rape Is OK If It's Female On Male]]: [[spoiler:Forerunner on Golden Eagle.]]
* RedHeadedHero: Hawkwoman
* {{Reincarnation}}: Carter Hall and Shiera Sanders/Kendra Saunders
* ReincarnationRomance: Khufu/Carter and Chay-Ara/Shiera/Kendra
* RentAZilla: Byth, when he turned into a giant dinosaur-like Brontadon.
* TheRez: Paran Katar met Faraway Woman in one.
* RoguesGalleryTransplant: Most of Katar and Shayera's enemies (including Shadow-Thief, Lion-Mane, Fadeaway Man, etc.) now become Carter and Kendra's enemeis.
* RomanticFalseLead: Hawkman is reduced to this in the animated series.
* ScrewDestiny: Kendra Saunders
* SealedEvilInACan: Thasaro in Elseworlds ''Legend of the Hawkman''.
* SecretKeeper: Commissioner George Emmett (he's gave Katar and Shayera their Earth names and jobs as museum curators)
** Charley Parker (before becoming Golden Eagle)
* SelfMadeOrphan: A drugged Katar Hol killed his father because his soon-to-be archenemy Byth told him he was smuggling weapons. Katar found out his dad was smuggling food and medicine to the oppressed lower-class citizens. Katar was around 18 at the time.
* ServantRace[=/=]SlaveRace: The denizens of Downside. Aliens from conquered worlds end up there, forming a single, amorphous class of downtrodden slaves. Some Thanagarians themselves (Katar Hol and young Shayera Thal, each of them at one point) end up in this trope. Isamot Kol, a [[LizardFolk Lizard Man]] GreenLantern, is one of these aliens, but is proud to be from Thanagar.
* ShapeShifter: Byth Rok
* ShoutOut: In the JSA storyline ''The Return of Hawkman'', one of the members of the Talon of Truth looks like a [[ComicBook/{{X-Men}} Shi'ar]].
** The Nth metal was inspired by [[Creator/HGWells Cavorite]].
* SomethingPerson
* SpacePolice: Katar and Shayera are often referred to as "alien cops", usually by Green Arrow.
* SpeaksFluentAnimal: Hawkman can speak to birds because a device called an Absorbascon uploaded him with much information about Earth. Maybe a side effect.
* StrawCharacter: During the BronzeAge, the ''JusticeLeagueOfAmerica'' writers, who were staunch liberals, used Hawkman as a somewhat thuggish conservative counterpoint to GreenArrow.
* SuperheroSpeciation: Only Hawkman (Katar Hol) was allowed membership of the JLA. It was many years before Hawkgirl (Shayera) became a member and broke the original twelve-member limit. Also, Hawkgirl sometimes uses a bow and arrows, which is Green Arrow's specialty.
* SuperStrength: Though not as strong as Superman and Captain Marvel, Nth Metal does give him enhanced strength.
* SwissArmyWeapon: DCAU Hawkgirl's energy mace.
* [[ThrowingYourSwordAlwaysWorks Throwing Your Mace Always Works]]
* {{Unobtainium}}: Nth Metal
* WalkingShirtlessScene: Well, Flying Shirtless Scene.
* WallOfWeapons: Hawkman's own personal armory.
* WhereTheHellIsSpringfield: Midway City is in Michigan. Or is it Illinois? Averted with St. Roch, which is explicitly in Louisiana.
* WildChild: [[spoiler:Hawkboy and his sister.]]
* WillTheyOrWontThey:
** Katar Hol and Shayera Thal (PostCrisis)
** Carter Hall and Kendra Saunders/[[spoiler:Shiera Hall]].
*** [[spoiler:[[TheyDo They actually consummated their relationship]] after being resurrected in the finale of Blackest Night, as [[strike:Kendra]] Shayera now has memories of all of her past lives, like Carter had always had in his current incarnation. Then she died again.]]
** John Stewart and Shayera in the DCAU.
* WindFromBeneathMyWings: A standard attack form for Hawkman.
* WingedHumanoid: Manhawks and Feitherans.
** [[spoiler:In ''The Dark Knight Strikes Back'', Hawkboy and his sister have real wings on their backs.]]
** Wingors that are gorilla-like aliens with wings.
** Thanagarians (DCAU)
* YouCantFightFate: That's what Kendra Saunders was trying to do. It didn't work out.
* YouCantGoHomeAgain:
** Katar and Shayera (PreCrisis)
** Shayera (DCAU)
* YouKilledMyFather: Katar actually killed his father, but he had no idea it was him. Byth tricked him into thinking he was selling weapons to the Downsiders.
** [[spoiler:In ''The Dark Knight Strikes Again'', Katar and Shayera were killed by Lex Luthor. Hawkboy and his sister want revenge.]]
** In ''Hawkworld'' issue 2, Katar killed R'd Nar's brother because he was making a wing harness and thought he was going to escape without him. To his horror, he learned that he was making them for Katar and has natural wings. Though, R'd Nar doesn't hold it against Katar because he was in drug withdrawal and his brother wasn't afraid to die.
----