!!'''Hiruma Gohei and Hiruma Kihei'''
The first villains in the series. In the manga, Hiruma Kihei wanted to sell the land that the Kamiya dojo sits on and tried to worm his way into becoming Kaoru's caretaker and used his brother Gohei to aid him in his goals. In the anime, Gohei is a CompositeCharacter of the two and is instead a bitter ex-student of Kaoru's father who want revenge. Regardless of the motivation, Gohei impersonates the legendary Hitokiri Battousai while claiming to use the swordsmanship of ''Kamiya Kasshin Ryu'' to stain Kaoru's family name. He might have actually slain Kaoru and taken her home as Hitokiri Battousai if the ''real deal'' himself didn't blunder into Tokyo on that misty afternoon...

* BeardOfEvil: Gohei
* BloodKnight: This is what got him kicked out by Kaoru's father in the anime.
* BrainsAndBrawn: Kihei is the brains and Gohei is the muscle, though Kihei seems to be losing brain cells with each appearance.
* ButtMonkey: Any real threat either iteration may have held in their first appearance plummets with each appearance, especially in the manga, where the brothers' only purpose in the Jinchuu arc is for Sanosuke to hand them their asses.
* CompositeCharacter: The Gohei in the anime is essentially Gohei with a bit of Kihei's brain.
* DeceptiveDisciple: In the anime, Gohei only wanted Kaoru's father's dojo in order to get the authority that comes along with it
* DirtyCoward: Once a ''real'' warrior shows up, these are the true colors the brothers will show.
* DumbMuscle: Gohei,''especially'' in the manga.
** In the anime, Gohei is an unsuccessful ManipulativeBastard and EvilGenius
* FauxAffablyEvil: Kihei.
* GameBreakingInjury: Kaoru's dad broke his right thumb in the anime. He trained in the following years to perfect left-handed swordsmanship to get revenge. Kenshin broke his left ''fingers'' in response. When he took Kaoru and Yahiko hostage during Kenshin's fight with Sanosuke, Sanosuke broke his [[ButtMonkey right leg]]. And to top it all off, his final appearance in a filler episode ends with him crawling on the ground after Yahiko [[GroinAttack broke his nuts]].
* MurderersAreRapists: Gohei picks up Kaoru and asks his men, "Whose sword would like to be the first to get a taste of her flesh?" (All the men are leering at Kaoru and beg to be first.) [[spoiler: It never actually happens, though it is threatened.]] This also is an anime-only scene; it doesn't show up in the manga.
* ObviouslyEvil: Makes you wonder why Kaoru's father even let Gohei set foot on the dojo grounds much less take him in as a student in the anime.
* SmugSnake: Especially Kihei, Gohei inherits some of these traits for the anime
* StarterVillain: The ''hilarious'' incompetence of Gohei swordsmanhip demonstrates just ''how'' powerful the ''Hiten Mitsurugi Ryu'' tradition is in comparison to "normal" Kenjutsu.
* TokenMotivationalNemesis: To Kaoru. It was the Hiruma's brothers' plot that disgraced the Kamiya Dojo and drove it into financial destitute for the entire franchise, but once ran out of town by Kenshin, they are never mentioned again, outside of one pathetic reappearance in the Jinchuu arc. The anime version of Hiruma Gohei fares no better with his last appearance being on the receiving end of a GroinAttack.
* TheWorfEffect: They're frequently used to show how much stronger Kenshin and Sanosuke are when they appear.

!!'''Kurogasa / Udo Jin-e'''
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Kurogasa_309.jpg
->Voiced by: Creator/AkioOhtsuka (JP), Creator/DaveMallow (EN)
->Portrayed by: Koji Kikkawa (Live Action)

A hitokiri during the Revolution, and there is evidence he continued killing people well after the end of the Revolution. A master of the Nikaidō Heihō technique, attacked high-ranking Imperialist officials of the Meiji government (leading some to believe he fought for the Tokugawa shogunate during the war, since he did state that he was a member of the Shinsengumi, though his thirst for blood led him to killing members of his own squad), killing anyone who stood in his way.
-----
* AnachronismStew: The full-body black suit he's wearing.
* ArcVillain: The first enemy to last longer than a MonsterOfTheWeek and the first true threat to Kenshin
* AxCrazy: Even as a Shinsengumi, he was psychotic
* BadassLongcoat: Forced Kenshin into Battousai.
* BlackEyesOfEvil[=/=]BlackEyesOfCrazy: Inverted when he activates the MagicalEye on himself, he gains normal looking eyes. He normally has BlackEyesOfCrazy for some reason.
* BloodKnight: All he cares about is a fight
* BodyHorror: In the ''Restoration'' manga he was stabbed in the arms during the war leaving two long holes in them. He ''uses them to hold his blades in the present era''.
* CombatSadomasochist: He thought the feeling [[spoiler: of him stabbing himself]] was "sweet." [[{{Squick}} Pleasant.]]
* CompositeCharacter: Not in characterization, mind you, but for the [[Film/RurouniKenshin live-action film's]] plot purpose [[spoiler: he takes the role of the "fake Battousai" from Hiruma Gohei]].
* DeadlyGaze: His secret technique allows him to channel his battle aura through his eyes, allowing him to paralyze anyone who gets caught. It doesn't work on people with a strong will though.
* DragonInChief: of the Live Action movie. Kanryu may be orchestrating the Opium trade but it's clear that Kenshin's biggest threat in the film is him.
* DragonTheirFeet: It is only after Kanryu is defeated that Kenshin realizes he forgot one of his opponents.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler: In both the mangas and the film, he kills himself after being defeated by Kenshin. Preferring death to being shown mercy by his enemy. As he states "Live by the sword, die by the sword".]]
* EvilAlbino: Has white hair and is very psychotic
* EvilCounterpart: A fellow Hitokiri, he's stated to be Kenshin's evil opposite as someone who has continued killing for fun and refuses to let go of the Bakumatsu
* EvilLaugh: Pretty much always.
* {{Expy}}: He's physically very similar to Remy Le-Beau aka ComicBook/{{Gambit}}.
* FinalBoss: Of the ''Restoration'' manga
* GigglingVillain: He snickers constantly, showing how unstable he is
* KickTheDog: [[spoiler: First, he kidnap Kaoru just to piss Kenshin off. Then, to make sure he's turned back to "Battosai" he uses his eye power to ''completely paralyze Kaoru, breath included''.]]
** [[spoiler:In the film, he takes the trope to it's literal extreme by doing all of that plus kicking a bound Kaoru down the stone steps.]]
* KnightOfCerebus: The moment he appears is when the series takes its turn, as the first person to make Kenshin revert to Battousai.
* LargeHam
* NiceHat: Doesn't match, though.
* OneWingedAngel: [[spoiler: Use the secret technique on himself, growing tons of muscles and augmenting his strength. [[TheWorfEffect Useless as Kenshin broke his elbow and sinew with his sword's scabbard.]]]]
* PsychoForHire: In his backstory.
** Literally in the ''Restoration'' manga as one of Tanaka's assassins. Though it's obvious he's not in it for the money.
* SerialKiller: Specifically, of high-ranking government officials who fought on the side of the Meiji movement during the war, though really anybody was game for him. [[spoiler:It's later revealed he was hired to commit those political killings by the same corrupt politician who hired [[TheMole Saito]].]]
* StartOfDarkness: In the manga and anime canon, he has always been characterized as a bloodthirsty asshole formerly working for the Shinsengumi. In the film, however, he seems like a warrior driven to madness by the general violence of the Meiji Revolution, with him [[TakeUpMySword picking up Kenshin-as-Battousai's abandoned katana]] supposedly giving him a "new" purpose in life: to truly accomplish what the symbol of "Battousai" means for him.
* StarterVillain: A proper example, as the first character to force out the Battousai, which proves to be his undoing.

!!'''Shinomori Aoshi'''
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Shinomori_Aoshi_1957.jpg
->Voiced by: Creator/YoshitoYasuhara (JP), Terrence Stone (EN)

The genius young leader of the Oniwabanshū onmitsu. Known to his followers as the "Okashira", Aoshi's skills in combat, stealth and information gathering are without parallel, but having missed his chance to gain glory for the Oniwabanshū during the bakumatsu, he led a group of his men in serving as enforcers for the wealthy industrialist and opium dealer Takeda Kanryū in the hopes of finding a new battlefield in the Meiji era.

When Kanryū made himself the enemy of the legendary Hitokiri Battōsai, Aoshi believed that his long-missed chance to prove the superiority of the Oniwabanshū had finally come. Unfortunately, Kanryū's wicked deception and greed cost Aoshi's men their lives and the shame of being defeated and then rescued by Battōsai drove the Okashira to a new vow: he would defeat Battōsai at any cost in order to gain the title of "the strongest" and offer that title at his comrades' graves.
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* AFatherToHisMen: Cares quite a bit about his QuirkyMinibossSquad, and desires to give them the chance to become great that they never got in the Revolution. He would die for any of them. [[spoiler: When they die for him instead, he... doesn't take it well.]]
* AloofBigBrother: To Misao.
* [[spoiler:TheAtoner]]
* {{BFS}}: Averted when he returns in the Kyoto Arc. His sheathe actually has two openings and his second kodachi has no guard with the hilt resembling the end of a sheathe. When it and his first kodachi (which has a normal guard and hilt) are sheathed, it gives the illusion that he's carrying a long tachi blade.
* BadassLongcoat: One of the ''iconic'' badass longcoats of anime; has inspired countless imitators.
* BareFistedMonk: While primarily a swordsman, he's also a Kenpo master and relied on it for his offense before getting two kodachi. WordOfGod says he creates his own martial arts style.
* BerserkButton: It is never wise to [[spoiler:desecrate the graves of his men]]. Four of Shishio's [[EliteMook Elite Mooks]] learned this [[TranquilFury the hard way]].
* BloodKnight: Becomes this after [[spoiler:Kanryuu kills the Oniwabanshu, who die protecting him. Kenshin is able to talk him out of it.]]
* BrokenAce: His abilities could have easily gained him a job as a government official, but he sought not to abandon his comrades. However, this ended up making them underlings for Kanryuu. Becomes even worse after Kanryuu [[spoiler: kills the Oniwabanshuu]]
* TheComicallySerious: During the Jinchuu arc, his scenes (at least when [[GenkiGirl Misao]] is present) usually put him in this role.
* DeathSeeker: He becomes much more obsessed with defeating Kenshin after [[spoiler: Kanryuu kills his men]] and is willing to throw his life away for it
* DeceptiveDisciple: To Okina.
* DoppelgangerSpin: His Ryusui no Ugoki, which involves alternating his speed to make illusions of himself appear to psyche out his opponent.
* [[spoiler: DefeatMeansFriendship:]] [[spoiler: Though it takes a second fight to do the trick.]]
* DragonInChief: To Kanryu. This leads to some friction between them.
* DualWielding: When he starts wielding two kodachi.
* {{Expy}}: Based on Hijikata Toshizo in design.
* HugeGuyTinyGirl: With Misao. She comes up to ''his waist''.
* TheLeader: Of the Oniwabanshu.
* MagneticHero: Well respected by the members of the Oniwabanshuu, he's attracted a number of strong individuals
* MasterSwordsman: Of ''two'' kodachi. Subverted in his first appearance, where his kodachi was mostly a tool to parry sword blows while he worked his opponent over with his martial arts.
* MrFanservice
* [[spoiler:MyGodWhatHaveIDone]]
* {{Ninja}}
* QuirkyMinibossSquad: Runs one [[spoiler:before they die]].
* TheOnlyOneAllowedToDefeatYou: To Kenshin.
* TheRival: One of Kenshin's two.
* RivalTurnedEvil: After the Kanryu estate. [[spoiler: He gets better]].
* [[spoiler: SixthRanger]]: To two different [[spoiler: [[FiveManBand Five Man]]/[[FiveBadBand Five Bad]] Bands]].
* [[spoiler:SixthRangerTraitor: Aoshi eventually betrays his FiveBadBand]].
* ShadowArchetype: A young, talented individual(around Kenshin's age) who mirrors Kenshin in prodigious ability and respect from his peers. However, they end up in opposite positions. While Kenshin received unwanted renown for being the Battousai, Aoshi desired glory from the Revolution he was unable to participate in. Both had DeathSeeker tendencies, but while Kenshin was trying to atone, Aoshi merely sought more fights, especially after [[spoiler: his underlings sacrifice themselves]].
* ShoutOut: His coat is based on the one worn by [[ComicBook/{{X-Men}} Remy Le Beau/Gambit]].
* TheStoic
* TallDarkAndHandsome
* ThrowingYourSwordAlwaysWorks: His Onmyo Hasshi which involves him throwing both kodachi in a straight line towards the opponent. The trick is that one of the kodachi is thrown directly behind the other so that his opponent is vulnerable should he parry the attack.
* TranquilFury: When he [[BerserkButton gets angry enough]], his blades express what his face doesn't.
* WorthyOpponent: To Kenshin.

!!'''Tokyo's Oniwabanshu'''

The four members of Aoshi's squad serving Kanryu Takeda. They all follow Aoshi with loyal devotion. The members are Hannya the spy, Beshimi, Hyottoko and Shikijo. [[spoiler: After being defeated by out heroes, they all die performing an heroic sacrifice to save Aoshi from Kanryuu's gatling gun. Their heads are buried near a dark wood by Aoshi himself.]]
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* AffablyEvil: Shikijo to a limited extent in the manga.
* [[spoiler: AlasPoorYorick: When the others die, Aoshi beheads them to give them an honorable burial.]]
* BadassCrew
* BareFistedMonk: Hannya.
* BerserkButton: Hyottoko lose his cool when Kenshin likens his fire-spitting technique to a circus trick.
* BodyHorror: Shikijo's completely covered in scars. [[spoiler: And let's not talk about Hannya, who burned his lips, chopped off his ears, saw his nose and crushed his cheekbones in order to become a perfect spy.]]
* BreathWeapon: Hyottoko has a large oil bag inside his belly, with the nozzle in his mouth. Add a pair of flintstone teeth and you have a fire-breathing apparatus.
* EvenEvilHasLovedOnes: Ugly at best, monstrous at worst, you will nevertheless be hard-pressed to find warriors braver and friends more loyal then these five men.
* EpicFlail: Shikijo's main weapon, soon discarded in exchange for a one on one unarmed battle against Sanosuke.
* {{Expy}}: Hannya is based on TheElephantMan.
** Shikijo was modeled(in role, not appearance) after Sanosuke as a boisterous power fighter
* [[spoiler: FacialHorror: Hannya's face.]]
* FiveBadBand
** TheLeader: Aoshi
** TheDragon: Shikijo
** TheBrute: Hyottoko
** TheEvilGenius: Hannya
** TheDarkChick: Beshimi
* FragileSpeedster: Beshimi.
* GlassCannon: Hannya. Strong and fast enough to deal some good damage to Kenshin, but still falls rather quickly once Kenshin sees through his trick.
* {{Gonk}}: Hyottoko and Shikijo, while Beshimi, who's not a looker, is still described as "cute" by some fans. [[spoiler: Played for tragedy with Hannya's self inflicted scars.]]
* HardHead: Shikijo tries to smash Sano's skulls with headbutts. He also claims that after his first one, Sano will be unable to react immediatly, as his brain is still shaken.
* [[spoiler: HeroicSacrifice: All of them end up performing a rather tragic and tearjerking one against Kanryuu's gatling gun in order to save Aoshi.]]
* [[spoiler: HiddenDepths: Despite being introduced as mere mooks, we get to see that they are fully developed characters... right before they're horribly killed by the gatling gun.]]
* ImprobableWeaponUser: Beshimi's only gimmick involves small poisoned darts which he can throw with his thumb.
* {{Kevlard}}: Hyottoko's fat. Subverted in that he still feels Sanosuke's fists.
* LightningBruiser: Shikijo. Aoshi in a slight degree, being fast enough to catch Kenshin off guard and powerful enough to bat him around quite easily.
* MaskPower: In Hannya's case, literally: as Kenshin points out, he can't anticipate Hannya's attacks by looking at his face.
* MeaningfulName: Hannya and Hyottoko are both named after a Noh mask. The former is a demon showing wrath and envy, the latter is a humorous mask of a man blowing on the fire.
* MightyGlacier: Hyottokko.
* TheNapoleon: Beshimi is very small.
* NumberTwo: While [[TheDragon Shikijo]] seems to be the last physical challenge before Aoshi, Hannya is generally agreed to be Aoshi's right hand man (and quite-possibly Best Friend).
* {{Ninja}}s: Though only Hannya and ''maybe'' Beshimi properly qualify for being such.
* QuirkyMinibossSquad
* [[spoiler: TakingTheBullet: Shikijo ends up using his massive, well-muscled body to shield Aoshi from the Gatling Gun.]]
* [[spoiler: TrueCompanions[=/=]VillainousValor: Yes, even if they are bad guys they're shown to be really decent people after all.]]
* UndyingLoyalty: Played tragically (and triumphantly) straight to its logical conclusion.
* WolverineClaws: Hannya's trump weapon, should his iron gloves not be enough.

!!Takeda Kanryuu
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Takeda_Kanryuu_7446.jpg
->Voiced by: Creator/NobuoTobita (JP), John Snyder (EN)
->Portrayed by: Teruyuki Kagawa (Live Action)

A cunning money-minded industrialist and opium dealer. He hired Shinomori Aoshi and his Oniwanbanshu, as well as numerous lesser warriors, as personal bodyguards and hitmen.
-----
* ActionSurvivor
* ArcVillain
* AsskickingEqualsAuthority: Inverted--he's the Oniwabanshu's boss during the Kanryuu Arc, but he's a major weakling physically.
* BigBad: Of the Live-Action Movie
** As well as the ''Restoration'' manga
* CorruptCorporateExecutive
* DirtyCoward
* EvilCannotComprehendGood: He fails to understand why Kenshin would come to rescue Megumi when there's no financial reward in it for him. This leads to him [[WhatAnIdiot trying to bribe Kenshin with money and a job offer as his personal bodyguard]], which only serves to aggravate Kenshin further.
--> '''Aoshi:''' [[LampshadeHanging You don't understand. You can't win him over with money]].
* EvilIsHammy: Taken UpToEleven in his more recent depictions. His depiction in the ''Restoration'' manga deserves special mention, where he describes his love of money while he practically dances with his Gatling Gun.
* EvilGloating: He loves doing this, but only when he has someone more powerful backing him.
* GoodSmokingEvilSmoking: He's of the evil variety, casually smoking a cigar while shooting his Gatling gun at the protagonists.
* HorribleJudgeOfCharacter: Him being this only serves to piss Kenshin off after he tries to bribe the former manslayer.
* JerkAss: The single '''most''' unpleasant character in the entire series.
** Taking UpToEleven in the live action movie.
* ManipulativeBastard: Towards Megumi.
* MoneyIsNotPower: As stated below, he boasts that having so much money makes him stronger than warriors like Kenshin and Aoshi, but he finds out this trope is in play the hard way when Kenshin beats the stuffing out of him.
** In the ''Restoration'' manga, it goes a lot more literally as he uses a money purse in the final battles. It's ''Yahiko'' who ultimately kicks his ass. Counts as LaserGuidedKarma as well considering how his mistreated and mocked him.
* RichBitch: Male version.
* ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney: He plays it utterly straight with his declaration that money is the greatest power in the world, and his having so much of it makes him stronger than Kenshin or Aoshi. [[spoiler:Too bad his money can't save him from Kenshin's wrath]].
* SharpDressedMan
* SmugSnake: Acts cool and collected when in control of a situation, such as when he's using his gatling gun, but the minute he's at Kenshin's mercy, he's left pathetically begging for his life.
* TheToothHurts: Kenshin breaks his jaw and knocks out one of his teeth.
* WouldHitAGirl: He doesn't just hit Megumi, he ''batters her bloody'' after she returns to his mansion [[spoiler:and makes an attempt on his life with a dagger that is nabbed away by Aoshi]].


!!Isurugi Raijuta
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Isurugi_Raijuta_9291.jpg
->Voiced by: Ryunosuke Obayashi (JP), RichardEpcar (EN)

The leader and founder of the Shinko-ryū "school" of kenjutsu - an organization whose purpose is to revitalize Japanese kenjutsu through force.
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* ArcVillain
* ArrogantKungFuGuy
* BigOlEyebrows
* CallingYourAttacks: In the manga he shouts "Nun!" before each and every strike.
* EvilGloating: He does this during his fight against Kenshin.
* InformedAbility: Claims his Izuna technique is the "ultimate killing technique." Kenshin proves him very, ''very'' wrong.
** Averted with his kenjutsu skills. He is quite strong with his technique (though not as powerful as Kenshin).
* LargeAndInCharge: He's a giant of a man and is in charge of the Shinko Dojo.
* ManipulativeBastard: He utilizes Yutaro's hero-worship of him to his own advantage, pretending to be the boy's sword instructor while accessing Yutaro's family fortune for his own ends.
* NiceHat: Wears a large japanese hat. All his disciples wear one.
* RazorWind: How is technique Izuna and Tobi Izuna works. Kenshin even refers to the Kamaitachi while describing this attack.
* [[spoiler:StrawHypocrite]]: In the manga, [[spoiler:Kenshin (correctly) guesses that despite Raijuta's ambition to restore the "killing sword" philosophy and his claims of Izuna being the "ultimate killing technique," Raijuta himself has never actually killed anybody. The fact that Raijuta celebrates at being able to nick Kenshin on the wrist with said technique, instead of expressing disappointment that the blow wasn't a fatal one, cements the point.]] In the [[AdaptationExpansion anime]], however, he's vicious enough [[YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness to kill his own henchmen]]. Although going from SissyVillain to SmugSnake isn't much change.
* VillainousBreakdown: [[spoiler:In the manga, following a TheReasonYouSuckSpeech from Kenshin]].
* TheWorfEffect: He fights Kenshin in one-on-one combat following the KickTheDog scenario above. It goes about as well for him as you'd expect ([[CurbStompBattle totally one-sided against him in the manga]]).
* WouldHurtAChild: Uses the Izuna to wound Yutaro, severing his muscles. In the manga, [[FamilyUnfriendlyViolence the wound is so deep you can actually see the bones in his arm!]].

!!Arundo Akamatsu

An arrogant and overly-confident warrior sent to kill Kenshin along with Saitou, but fails. Wields a kusarigama and hidden chains.
----

* ArrogantKungFuGuy
* BullyingADragon: All without realizing that Saito is actually manipulating him for his plans.
* DirtyCoward: Beg for forgiveness when Kenshin disarms him.
* EpicFlail: His kusarigama, along with some flails hidden in his armlets.
* {{Expy}}: Of Omega Red. His surname (Aka means Red and Matsu End) and weapons makes this clear.
* GoodScarsEvilScars: Has badly sewn scars on his forehead and cheeks.
* [[spoiler: OffWithHisHead: Beheaded by Saito.]]
* ScrewThisImOuttaHere: Once he finds out about [[spoiler: Ookubo]], he decides to quit. [[spoiler: But is killed by Saito before he can do anything.]]


!!'''Saito Hajime (aka Fujita Goro)'''
http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Saitou_Hajime_6908.jpg
[[caption-width:225: Sickest interpretation of Saito Hajime ever]]
->Voiced by: Creator/HirotakaSuzuoki (JP -Anime), Creator/KenNarita (JP - 2011 OVA), Creator/KirkThornton (EN)
->Portrayed by: Eguchi Yosuke (Live Action)

The former captain of the third unit of the Shinsengumi and currently a special agent for the Meiji Government's Department of Internal Affairs. Having a long-standing rivalry with Himura Kenshin since their days on opposite sides of the Bakumatsu, Saitō nevertheless holds a begrudging respect for the rurouni and has come to his aid on assignment more than once, acting as a ruthless ally and the voice of cynical reason in the Kenshin-gumi's major battles.
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* AddictionDisplacement: Kind of implied. Unlike his historical counterpart who remained TheAlcoholic, this Saito gave up drinking, but is a chain smoker.
** Of course, there is also the possibility that he was lying about the drinking... he did say that it makes him want to kill, and he was sitting across from a guy he couldn't kill until Saito finished an undercover investigation of him...
* AloofAlly
* AlwaysSomeoneBetter: Serves as this for Sanosuke, who had considered himself Kenshin's strongest ally before Saitou appeared; not only as skilled as Kenshin in swordsmanship, but more skilled in Hand-to-Hand combat than Sanosuke which ultimately drives Sanosuke to improve himself.
* AnimalMotifs: The wolf.
* AntiHero: Saito is the very [[{{Jerkass}} epitome]] [[HiddenHeartOfGold of]] [[NominalHero this]] [[DesignatedHero trope]].
* AwesomenessByAnalysis: One of the most observant characters, he tends to serve as the most insightful battle commentator, seeing through his opponents techniques and reading into their psyche.
* {{Badass}}: Pretty much is Kenshin's equal in combat, and nigh undefeatable [[spoiler: except for Shishio, who honestly took advantage of his wounds and was prepared beforehand]]. WordOfGod states that in a straight up fight, Saitou would win, while Kenshin would win if he was protecting someone.
** BadassCreed: [[PunctuatedForEmphasis Aku. Soku. Zan.]]
* BoringButPractical: The Shinsengumi (according to the manga) each mastered one killing blow, then polished it to perfection. Bruce Lee's quote on the page explains.
** Although one could say that the [[RuleOfCool artwork of his badass pose]] elevates this to SimpleYetAwesome.
* BoxingBattler: When unarmed, he fights with boxing-style moves. This proves to outmatch Sanosuke's GoodOldFisticuffs fighting style.
* BrokenAce: A skilled fighter who can take down nearly any opponent whose not Kenshin, as well as an excellent policeman who seems to have adjusted remarkably well in the Meiji Era. But regardless, he's working for the people and government who were his sworn enemies during the Bakumatsu(and likely killed many of his comrades) and nevertheless holds some bitterness about the changing times.
* ClothingCombat: After losing his sword, he uses his own belt to fight Kenshin and almost wins by strangling him.
* CombatPragmatist: Uses almost any dirty tactics to win. Justified since he knows his fights are unmerciful affairs.
* TheComicallySerious: At times.
* DeadpanSnarker
* DeusExitMachina: As a rival/ally that's the equal of Kenshin, the story often has him take more of an investigator role rather than directly helping Kenshin(as well as the fact that he's an AloofAlly).
* [[EvenEvilHasStandards Even Jerks Have Standards]]: Though he's far from the nicest character in the series, even he was surprised [[spoiler: by Shishio killing Yumi]].
* {{Foil}}: His devotion to slaying evil is just as strong as Kenshin's non-killing vow. In that way, the two are remarkably similar men of their time
* GeniusBruiser
* GoodIsNotNice
* GuileHero[=/=]MagnificentBastard: Dependent on how you look at him. More obvious in ''Shin Kyoto Hen'' [[spoiler: where he intimidates Chō by his mere reputation as a no-holds barred Shinsengumi torturer/interrogator to spill the beans on the whole of Shishio's plans.]]
** During the battle at Mount Hiei Saitou reveals to Aoshi that he already had rough knowledge of the base's interior and was using the battles as distractions to mask his imminent sneak attack on Shishio.
* HappilyMarried: His wife, Tokio, is never shown on screen, though the others speculate that she must be like a goddess.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Though more of an AntiHero.
* JackOfAllTrades: He's extremely versatile in many areas; as a fighter he's a a capable swordsman and hand-to-hand combat specialist, and also serving as the SmartGuy of Kenshin's group
* TheLancer: Being one of Kenshin's main rivals, he serves as this role along with Sanosuke. He often warns Kenshin on the dangers of his non-killing vow and often goes for the most pragmatic route.
* LastNameBasis: "Hajime" is his given name.
* MasterSwordsman
* ObfuscatingStupidity: His Fujita Goro persona, complete with winning smile and polite, friendly speech. Unlike [[CrouchingMoronHiddenBadass Kenshin]], this is just to disguise his true nature.
* PetTheDog: He casually adopts a little boy who was the only survivor of a massacred family in a village terrorized by Shishio's men.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Frequently. Combines it with the BreakingSpeech during his battle with Usui.
* RedOniBlueOni: He's the Blue Oni to Kenshin's Red Oni.
* RedBaron: The Wolf Of Mibu.
* TheRival: Was the only character to fight on even terms with Kenshin's Battousai personality, and was one of Kenshin's main rivals during the Bakumatsu, along with Okita. [[spoiler:However he eventually buries the hatchet]].
* RuleOfCool: The Gatotsu may sound like a boring technique, but Saito's pose as he sets the move up, his right arm stretched out and cradling the tip of his sword between his thumb and finger, and 'targeting' his opponent between his fingers is for sure sicker. He also attacks with a speed that is ''equal to Kenshin's fastest technique'', so you underestimate him at your own risk.
* TheSmartGuy: When he teams up with the Kenshin-gumi, he pretty much takes this role, tending to be more observant than most other characters
* SixthRanger: While not an official member of the Kenshingumi, he fights alongside them throughout the Kyoto arc.
* SmokingIsCool: He even walks into the final battle of the second Live Action movie while smoking a cigarette, but he eventually tosses it away after it's all used up.
* TallDarkAndSnarky: Tall? Check. Dark? Check. Snarky? ''Major check.''
* TheShinsengumi
* WhenAllYouHaveIsAHammer: The only sword techniques he uses is ''Gatotsu'', a ''powerful'' left-handed thrust, and variations of it to suit the occasion. Unlike most other examples, he's talented enough to learn other techniques. He simply doesn't bother because he ''doesn't need them''.
* XanatosGambit: Can be seen using these in a few instances
** In Shishio's headquarters, he's shown operating independently and covertly, and it's implied that whether Kenshin or Shishio wins, he will strike the weakened Shishio in their fight. [[spoiler: Doesn't work too well, since Shishio effortlessly defeats him, leaving Kenshin to take up the reins.]]
** His harsh criticism and defeats of Sanosuke could either break Sano's spirit enough to stay out of the fight, or force him to become stronger and more helpful. Luckily, the latter resulted.

!!Senkaku

One of Shishio's henchmen, but not a member of the Ten Swords. Is a huge man with an oddly shaped head who boasts about his speed and the 99 men he murdered. He rules over the Shingetsu village with an iron fist. [[spoiler: Is defeated by Kenshin who uses his own speed against him and arrested.]]
----

* AnAxeToGrind[=/=]PowerFist: His weapons looks like a hybrid of axe and knuckleduster.
* ArrogantKungFuGuy
* BaldOfEvil
* TheBrute
* FlashStep: Despite his immense bulk, he's very fast. [[spoiler: Eventually, lots of flash steps in a row leads to his defeat.]]
* {{Gonk}}: Has a cone-shaped head, is overly muscled and wears a tiny, veeery tight body suit...
* HeelFaceDoorSlam: Thanks to Kenshin willingly using one of his techniques so that Senkaku would be spared, Senkaku is grateful for Kenshin's mercy and is very much at peace. Then he gets killed by Soujirou...
* [[spoiler: HoistByHisOwnPetard: Despite being as fast as Kenshin, he's a lot heavier, and so after a while his legs break after performing one last FlashStep.]]
* LightningBruiser: [[DeconstructedTrope Deconstructed]].
* MusclesAreMeaningless: Averted. [[spoiler: They make him heavier, which cause his downfall.]]
* OhCrap: [[spoiler: The first one when his legs breaks. Then, when [[OutscareTheEnemy Shishio threaten to dispose of him should he lose without forcing Kenshin to show at least one attack.]]]]
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: Originally was going to be a member of the Juppon Gatana, and a speechless, beast-like brute.