!!Shin Kudo
->''Voiced by:'' Creator/KenichiSuzumura

An F-14 pilot for the UN Spacy. He's dragged into the conflict around Mayan Island, and joins up with Skull Squadron aboard the carrier ''Asuka II'', as a pilot of the Spacy's prototype TransformingMecha, the VF-0 Phoenix.
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* AcePilot: Just look at how many kills are marked on his plane at the beginning. He adds at least five more by the OVA's end, and even manages to keep up with a Variable Fighter in an F-14... until it transforms.
* ButNotTooForeign: Shin's apparently half-American.
* CaptainCrash: Despite the above, he wrecks three planes over the course of the show. This is mostly due to getting into lopsided fights in the enemy's favor.
* DisappearsIntoLight: At the end. It's rather unclear just ''what'' happened to him, honestly.
* HeroicSafeMode: He appears to suffer from PTSD, and goes a bit battle-crazy when the mood takes him.

!!Sara Nome
->''Voiced by:'' Creator/SanaeKobayashi

Head priestess of Mayan Island, also called "The Hand Guided By The Wind". She harbors an intense distrust of outsiders and technology, but is a very caring person who only wants the best for her people.
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* ApocalypseMaiden: As the priestess, she is also the only one who can awaken and control the birdman.
* BrokenBird: Shin calls her a "person who was hurt, but that nobody bothered to heal."
* CloserToEarth: She's much more insistent on maintaining the islanders' simple lifestyle and dislikes technology on principle. Shin believes she's putting up something of a front, and if given the chance would love seeing a modern city.
* HeroicSacrifice: She plans on doing this at one point to stop the birdman from awakening, since it needs her to do so. Shin stops her. [[spoiler:At the end, she and the birdman contain the nuclear explosions over the island and then Space Fold away, taking all the radiation and fallout with them. Neither is ever seen again.]]
* MyGreatestFailure: The reason she's so hateful of outside influences while the rest of the islanders are pretty alright with it? [[spoiler:She once permitted Dr. Hadsford to take a sample of her blood, breaking one of the island's taboos. She believes that Mayan becoming a battelfield is a result of this "sin", and in a way she's right: that blood sample alerted the world's scientists that there was something important hidden on that island.]]
* PsychicPowers: She appears to have minor precognition and is highly empathic, often able to feel the emotions of other people or the wildlife of the island. [[spoiler:Turns out this is due to the Protoculture tampering with her ancestor's DNA.]]
* {{Tsundere}}: Towards Shin. On the one hand, he's a nice guy and she knows he doesn't mean her people any harm. On the other he's an outsider and a soldier, a sign of warfare on the island. No wonder her feelings toward him are conflicted.

!!Mao Nome
->''Voiced by:'' Yuuka Nanri

Sara's younger sister. Although she could be considered a priestess herself, she has little interest in the legends and religion of her native island, believing it to be myth, and is much more interested in the technological wonders of the developed world.

In ''Anime/MacrossFrontier'' (60 years later), she is revealed to be the grandmother of [[Anime/MacrossFrontier Sheryl Nome]], and one day becomes the leading scientific authority on the Protoculture and the Vajra.
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* GenkiGirl: Very energetic, and can often be found climbing tall trees.
* LoveTriangle: She definitely has a crush on Shin, and competes with her sister for his attention.
* PsychicPowers: To a lesser extent than her sister, but she has them. [[spoiler:It turns out to be due to the Protoculture tampering with her ancestor's DNA.]]

!!Roy Fokker
->''Voiced by:'' Creator/AkiraKamiya

Commander of Skull Squadron, and one of the lead pilots for the VF-0 Phoenix. He becomes Shin's commanding officer and mentor.
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* AceCustom: A VF-0S painted in his signature yellow/black trim.
* AcePilot: Distinctly superior with the VF-0 compared to Shin, although Shin (an extremely skilled jet pilot) is new to the whole transforming fighter thing.
* TheAlcoholic: He's seen getting drunk one night, despite that being prohibited on a Navy vessel.
* ILetGwenStacyDie: In this OVA we get to see the Stacy in question, leading to Roy's character in ''Anime/SuperDimensionFortressMacross''.

!!Aries Turner
->''Voiced by:'' Creator/NaomiShindo

A cultural anthropologist who is assigned to a highly classified UN Spacy special task group on the ''Asuka II''. She is constantly inquiring into the customs and beliefs of the Mayan Islanders. She is an old friend (and former girlfriend) of Roy Fokker.
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* HotScientist: Several soldiers comment on her looks, but know better than to try anything with Roy around.
* TheLostLenore: [[spoiler:She's the woman Roy lost prior to ''Macross'', and her death is the reason he acted the way he did.]]

!!Edgar [=LaSalle=]
->''Voiced by:'' Sousuke Komori

Shin's radar intercept officer and copilot.
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* NamesTheSame[[invoked]]: It's unclear if he's related to Claudia or if the name is just a coincidence.
* NoOneCouldSurviveThat: He has a habit of ending up in crashing airplanes and yet not dying.
-->"Hey, Shin! I failed to die again!"

!!Dr. Hadsford
->''Voiced by'': Nachi Nozawa

Aries's former mentor and another cultural anthropologist. He is the one who originally studied the Mayan Island community and drafted his "Proto-Culture Intervention Theory" based on his studies there. He is now working with the Anti-UN Coalition.
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* CassandraTruth: Most of the world's scientists find his "Proto-culture Theory", that AncientAstronauts accelerated and guided humanity's evolution, to be rather far-fetched and mock it often. Anyone who's seen the rest of ''Macross'' knows that he's entirely correct.
* GeniusCripple: Mostly due to his advanced age. When younger he seemed to be very fit, but is now confined to a wheelchair.
* MorallyAmbiguousDoctorate: His motivations aren't clearly stated; he just seems to be a scientist who wants to figure out the puzzle. On the other hand, his methods for getting a blood sample years ago were somewhat underhanded, and his emotional manipulation of Sara seems unnecessarily cruel.

!!DD Ivanov
->''Voiced by:'' Ryuuzaburou Ootomo

Roy Fokker's former instructor. Ivanov has since defected and joined the Anti-UN Coalition. He is in a relationship with fellow pilot Nora, and serves as Roy's rival throughout the OVA, piloting the Anti-UN's transforming prototype, the SV-51.
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* AceCustom: His plane is painted jet-black and has a personalized emblem on it. It's by that emblem that Roy recognizes him.
* TheRival: To Roy.
* ThisIsUnforgivable: He declares this [[spoiler:after the birdman vaporizes Nora. His attempted RoaringRampageOfRevenge just gets him shot down by several dozen lasers for his trouble.]]

!!Nora Polyansky
->''Voiced by:'' Creator/MinamiTakayama

A female ace for the Anti-UN Coalition. She is Ivanov's wingman and lover. She harbors an intense hatred for the UN forces, and serves as Shin's rival in piloting.
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* AceCustom: Like DD, except her plane is painted purple.
* KickTheDog: When Shin and Sara escape into the island's jungle, her immediate reaction is to call in a ''fuel-air strike''.
-->"If the cockroach hides under the bed, you just have to destroy the bed."
* ScarsAreForever: She has a really nasty one in the center of her chest, which she says was inflicted by UN soldiers.
* ShadowArchetype: She and Shin actually have a lot in common in their motivations, [[spoiler:both saw their families killed in front of them by enemy soldiers, and both entered the war because of it.]]
* TheRival: To Shin.