!!Adam and Eve
->''And God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creep upon the earth."''
----
* AdamAndEvePlot: [[TropeMaker The original.]]
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: Many biblical scholars argue that Adam was the most handsome man and Eve the most beautiful woman, being directly created by God.
* DoubleStandard: Some people have put the blame solely on Eve, others on Adam. Others [[TakeAThirdOption put the blame on both]].
* MeaningfulName: Adam was the first man, his name means "man". Eve was the first woman. Her name in Hebrew means "living one" or "source of life".
* MethuselahSyndrome: Not only Adam and Eve, but plenty of their offspring. It is not until after Exodus things start to even out.
* MsFanservice / MrFanservice: Even during the most prudish epochs of western history, nobody could deny that the nudity of Adam and Eve was an important plot point in the bible. This always gave artists an excuse to paint a couple each wearing only a single fig-leaf and still claim that it's purely religious art not meant to be titillating in any way.
* SadlyMythtaken: The Bible does not call the fruit an apple (Muslims call it Khuldi). The portrayal of said fruit as an apple is a Stealth Pun on the Latin word malus.
** In fact, unless those who originally came up with the story had contact with people from [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malus_sieversii Kazakhstan and the surrounding area]], it's unlikely that they would even know what an apple ''was.''
* UnwittingInstigatorOfDoom: Picture the most beautiful person of the preferred gender you know of. Thanks to them, you're not hanging out naked with him or her in the Garden.

!!Sentient Talking Snake, (Satan according to some traditions); sometimes named Nahash
->''You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.''
----
* BigBad: Of...practically ''everything'', actually. As stated below, with ''one simple action'' he managed to ruin the paradise God created. According to the Book of Genesis, he is the reason we are able to die, the reason we know of good and evil and the reason we are not able to enter the Garden of Eden and never will.
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Despite causing the following: Mankind receiving knowledge of good and evil, Adam and Eve getting kicked out of the Garden of Eden and being cursed, the existence of death, the existence of the entire human race, and the first evil act ever, the snake absolutely disappears off of the face of the earth after the whole "Eden" incident. It is possible that he is Satan, but The Bible is not explicit about this.
* TheCorrupter
* OurDragonsAreDifferent: One interpretation. Before being made to crawl upon his belly he must have had legs. What would you call a walking, talking serpent with(at least) human level intelligence?
* ReptilesAreAbhorrent: Although in this case, he becomes ''physically'' abhorrent as a punishment for his ''morally'' abhorrent action.
* SmugSnake: Figuratively ''and'' literally.
* TalkingAnimal

!!Cain
->''"Am I my brother's keeper?"''
* BeingEvilSucks: According to Islam, he felt really bad after killing Abel but he never really repented.
* BiblicalBadGuy
* CainAndAbel: Duh, they're the TropeNamer.
* DeadpanSnarker: The world's first. Check his quote.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Sure you may have gotten shafted in the contest, but was murder really the best way to resolve the issue?
* GreenEyedMonster: Murdered his brother because of it.
* JokerImmunity: The ur-example. He commits the first murder and is protected from retribution ever after by his mark. It was intend to prevent a CycleOfRevenge. It has not worked.
* MeatVersusVeggies: This indirectly kicked off the circumstances that led to Cain murdering Abel. What happened was that God asked both Cain and Abel to give him sacrifices. Cain sacrificed his vegetables, while Abel sacrificed his livestock and gave God meat. God decided that Abel's sacrifice was more worthy, which pissed Cain off enough to kill Abel over it.
* NameOfCain: TropeMaker.
* RedRightHand: God gave him a mark to protect him from harm, specifically anyone who might seek vengeance upon him for Abel's death. Exactly what kind of mark is not canonically specified, and interpretations vary.
* TheResenter: Bible commentators indicate that Cain was this due to his parents having been driven out of the garden of Eden. He also resents God for picking Abel's sacrifice over his own (and murders Abel over this resentment), to which God responds by incredulously wondering why he's downcast, since if Cain had done right he would've been picked.
* WalkingTheEarth: After Cain murdered his bother, he became a wanderer until he settled in the Land of Nod.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: It's not really explained why God rejected Cain's sacrifice in favor of Abel's. Cain sacrificed produce, while Abel sacrificed livestock, but the Bible doesn't really make it clear whether God simply prefers meat, or whether it was because Cain didn't sacrifice enough.

!!Abel
-->''"If you do what is right, will you not be accepted?"''
----
* CainAndAbel
* KilledOffForReal: [[UrExample The first]].
* MeatVersusVeggies: This inadvertently got him killed. He sacrificed meat to God by sacrificing his livestock, while his brother Cain sacrificed the vegetables growing in his field. God decided that Abel had given him a better sacrifice, and for this Cain killed him out of jealousy.
* SmugSnake: His one piece of dialogue makes him come off as one. Cain did not like being lectured by his little brother.
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth: Not in the story where he's from, but after his death, in Matthews 23:35, Jesus calls Abel "righteous", and Christian tradition sometimes calls Abel the first martyr.
* YoungestChildWins: Slightly subverted since he dies, and Adam and Eve have another son after his death.

!!Enoch
->''He spent his life in fellowship with God, and then he disappeared, because God took him away.''
* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: Some may say he was just PutOnABus.
* BreakoutCharacter: There's a non-canonical book about him. It influenced the Literature/BookOfRevelation, the ''Literature/DivineComedy'', and a lot of Christian notions about {{Heaven}} and {{Hell}}.
* PalsWithJesus: Or rather, Jesus's dad.
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth: According to Rabbinical literature, God took him so he wouldn't be corrupted by the world.

!!Methuselah
->''And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years.''
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Doing a bit of math, one can see that he died in the year of the Great Flood. It's never explained if he died ''in'' it or before it, since he's not among the eight humans who went aboard the Ark. (In the Talmud, he dies the week before, and a week of mourning is held inside the Ark.)
* LongRunner - ''The'' oldest Patriarch.
* MethuselahSyndrome: Trope Namer.

!!Nimrod
->''He was a mighty hunter before The Lord.''
* {{Badass}}
* BiblicalBadGuy
* FounderOfTheKingdom: Babylon
* YouKeepUsingThatWord: His name was, for a long time, synonymous with "hunter". Now, thanks to Warner Bros. cartoons, it's used to mean someone stupid or incompetent.

!!Noah
->''There went in two and two unto Noah into the Ark, the male and the female.''
* CantHoldHisLiquor: The first in the Bible to get drunk and [[NakedPeopleAreFunny expose himself]].
* CassandraTruth
* CoolBoat: The Ark, big enough to house at least two of every animal and Noah's entire family.
* ImprobableAge: Building a boat when you're 500.
* MethuselahSyndrome: [[LastOfHisKind The last person to live over 900]].
* TheyCalledMeMad!: They called me mad, but I'll show them, I'll bring two of every animal on The Ark, and lets see who's laughing when they're drowning and I'm floating! (Except the floating ones and the swimming ones.)

!!Canaan
* ButtMonkey: He is cursed because of what his father did, or BecauseDestinySaysSo.
* FamousAncestor: Of many middle eastern peoples.
* MadeASlave: The fate of his descendants.

!!Abraham
->''"I will bless those who bless you. But I will curse those who curse you. And through you I will bless all nations."''

* AngelUnaware: Is rewarded for entertaining three of these with a long-awaited son in his old age.
* BargainWithHeaven
* TheChosenOne
* CoolOldGuy
* FamousAncestor: Many Middle Eastern peoples trace their ancestry to Abe.
* IdiotBall: Locked his wife Sarah in a box while passing through Egypt, for fear that she would be taken by the Egyptians on account of her beauty. He didn't stop to think that maybe, just maybe the box would have to pass through Customs.
* ILied: Well, more like told a half-truth: told the Egyptians (who found her in the above incident) that she was his sister. (She was his half-sister, as well as his wife.) He did this to protect himself from being killed by the men in order to obtain her. (Which they never did, even upon finding out the truth.) The lie causes all sorts of mayhem. Oh, and this happened more than once.
* HumanSacrifice: Abraham was almost sacrificed (according to a Midrash), but escaped. Later, he almost sacrificed Isaac, but just barely didn't.
* MachoMasochism: An ur-example.
* MeaningfulRename: God has him change his name from Abram (High father) to Abraham (Father of many).
* TheMourningAfter: Averted. After Sarah dies, he marries another (much younger) woman named Keturah. (Who [[FanPreferredCouple some believe]] is his concubine Hagar, by another name, though this is unlikely.)
* ParentalFavoritism: He preferred Isaac over Ishmael, but was ready to sacrifice Isaac to God when God told him to. Good thing it was just a test. The Genesis account indicates that Abraham actually pleaded with God for Ishmael to receive some sort of blessing from God as well. Isaac was really TheChosenOne BecauseDestinySaysSo.
* ParentsAsPeople
* SacredHospitality: God is debating whether to destroy the city of Sodom. Abraham bargains God down to letting the city survive if there are ten good men. God's messengers go to Sodom, and they meet Lot and his family. The Sodomites want to rape them. Lot's even willing to let them rape his daughters rather than these men. The city is destroyed.

!!Sarah
->''"Alas for me! shall I bear a child, seeing I am an old woman, and my husband here is an old man? That would indeed be a wonderful thing!"''

* AngelUnaware: Entertains three of these, and is rewarded with a long-awaited son.
* TheBeautifulElite
* CoolOldLady
* TheChick
* GirlInABox / PunkInTheTrunk: Is locked in a box when passing through Egypt so that Abraham won't be killed for her.
* GrandmaWhatMassiveHotnessYouHave: Well, the Pharaoh sure thought so.
* GreenEyedMonster: Gets jealous of Hagar.
* GoGoEnslavement: Sort of. She is taken to be one of the Pharaoh's concubines. But before he can defile her, God makes Pharaoh sick and the rest of his harem sterile, and Pharaoh gives her back to Abraham.
* LawOfInverseFertility: Her maidservant Hagar gets pregnant by Abraham by sleeping with him once; Sarah has always been infertile (which is why she gave Hagar to Abraham in the first place as per the Code of Hammurabi.)
* MacGuffinGirl: Occasionally.
* MeaningfulRename: Renamed from "Sarai" to "Sarah" (though both translate as "Princess")
* ParentalFavoritism
* ParentsAsPeople
* RichBitch: When her jealousy gets the better of her (see above) she abuses her pregnant servant. Also, she sends Ishmael (legally her son) out into the desert, not giving a rip what happens to him because she favors her biological son Isaac.
* SacredHospitality: See AngelUnaware.
* {{Tsundere}}
* WorldsMostBeautifulWoman

!!Ishmael
->''"His hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him."''
* FamousAncestor
* HeroOfAnotherStory: He is an important patriarch to the Muslims, just as Isaac is to Jews and Christians.
* PutOnABus

!!Isaac
->''"Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of."''
* BrickJoke: His name means "To laugh" because that's what his mother Sarah did when an angel told her she will be pregnant in her old age.
* HumanSacrifice: Narrowly averted. God ordered Abraham to sacrifice his son, but stopped him in the last minute. Turns out it was a SecretTestOfCharacter.
* KissingCousins, LoveAtFirstSight and PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: With his wife and cousin Rebecca.
* OutOfFocus: Of the four patriarchs, he's by far the least focused on.
* ParentalFavoritism: Abraham preferred him over his older brother, Ishmael. Granted, that was because God basically told him to. He in turn preferred Esau to Jacob.
* YoungestChildWins

!! Rebekah
->''"Two nations fight in your womb. The lesser will defeat the greater, the older shall serve the younger."''
----
* BecauseDestinySaysSo
* GuileHeroine
* LawOfInverseFertility: Though she had less of a problem with it than the other matriarchs; she and Isaac prayed together and were able to conceive without Isaac ever taking a concubine/second wife.
* ObnoxiousInLaws: Esau's Canaanite wives "vex" her.
* ParentalFavoritism: Favored Jacob to the point of deceiving his father Isaac into giving him the better inheritance.
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: With Isaac.
* PyrrhicVictory: She helps Jacob on the path to becoming ancestor of the greatest nation on earth as God foretold, but she never sees her son again and the enmity between his and his brother Esau's descendants would last for centuries.
* SacredHospitality: Offers Abraham's messenger a place to stay, plus water for himself and all his camels.

!!Esau
->''And he sold his birthright unto Jacob.''

* CainAndAbel: The trope might just as well have been called Jacob and Esau. Esau sells his birthright to Jacob for some porridge, Jacob tricks Isaac into giving him Esau's blessing, Esau tries to kill Jacob, Jacob runs away and comes back with gifts for Esau. End result: Esau repents, makes up with Jacob, and accepts gifts from Jacob. The thing is, it's kind of hard to tell who is Abel and who is Cain in this scenario.
** God actually forbid Israelites from fighting Edomites because they are brothers.
* CarpetOfVirility: Esau was such a hairy man that when Jacob tricked Isaac (who had gone blind in his old age) into thinking he was Esau, he wore a goat skin to simulate Esau's hairiness.
* ComicallySmallBribe: Sold his birthright to Jacob ''for a bowl of soup''.
* DarkSkinnedRedhead
* EvilTwin: To Jacob. (Unlike most examples, he's not truly evil, just short-sighted, and he and Jacob are DifferentAsNightAndDay.
* EasilyForgiven: When meeting Jacob again for the first time in years, Jacob is terrified that Esau will try to get revenge on him and sends him dozens of gifts. To his surprise, Esau has already forgiven him.
* FounderOfTheKingdom: His descendants founded the city-state of Edom, who continued to harass their Israelite brothers.
* ParentalMarriageVeto: Rebekah does not like the Canaanite women he married.
* {{Polyamory}}: As many men of that time and place did, Esau was married to Adath, Basemath, and Oholibama, three local Canaanite women.
* RatedMForManly: Why Isaac favors him over Jacob; Isaac admires Esau's hunting skill.
* SelfMadeMan: He is not TheChosenOne, but after the TimeSkip, he already has a lot of wealth and status to his name (almost as much as Jacob).

!!Jacob/Israel
->''"Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man."''
* {{Badass}}: He fought God Himself (or an angel, depending on which interpretation you read) and almost won, but God cheated by breaking his hip, after fighting him all day and all night. Jacob gained the nickname "Yisrael" which means "Struggles with God," or, the more popular translation, "Israel" means "Let God prevail" meaning he struggles with God and lets Him win.
* BrideAndSwitch
* DysfunctionJunction: Right in the middle of one. Also applies to his relatives on this list, but he's the one who has to deal with it from all sides.
* FounderOfTheKingdom
* GuileHero: And how. He gets it from his mother's side of the family.
* LikeFatherLikeSon: Better said... Like mother, like son.
* LoveAtFirstSight: Towards Rachel.
* ManipulativeBastard: Jacob's name means deceiver, and he is often shown using tricks to get his way. He even, at his mother's request, tricked his father into giving him the better inheritance.
* OneTrueLove: Rachel is so much the love of his life that occasionally, he refers to her as his ''only'' wife, and makes it sound as if her sons are his ''only'' children. What's worse, he talks like this ''in front of all his other children''.
--> ''[To Judah, one of his ten other sons]'' You know that my wife bore me two sons...
* ParentalFavoritism: Jacob was Rebecca's favorite, and later Jacob preferred his (second) youngest son, Joseph. Notice a pattern here?
* {{Polyamory}}: With the sisters (and his cousins) Leah and Rachel. It wasn't his idea, though; he wanted Rachel but was stuck with Leah after the BrideAndSwitch. Like most other accounts of polygamy in the Bible, it ends badly, here in the form of an ugly SiblingRivalry.
* TheTrickster
* UnwantedHarem: He ends up having thirteen kids with four different women despite the fact that he only intended to marry Rachel.
* YoungestChildWins: According to later books in The Bible his nation will produce the savior of mankind while Esau's will vanish from the earth.

!!Rachel
->''Rachel was lovely in form and beautiful.''
* AntagonisticOffspring: She removes Laban's household idols, presumably as a long-overdue TakeThat for the misery he's caused her and her sister Leah.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: She is described as more beautiful than her sister, who, while she isn't a bad person, is certainly angry and bitter.
* DeathByChildbirth: Poor Benjamin!
* GuileHeroine: Stole Laban's idols and hid them in her menstruation couch.
* LawOfInverseFertility: Unlike Leah, it took her fourteen years to conceive her first son, Joseph.
* NoPeriodsPeriod: Averted; her excuse for not getting up to let guards search was "It's that time of the month."
* SiblingRivalry: With Leah, because Leah was able to give Jacob lots of sons.
* YoungestChildWins: Jacob's favored wife bore his favorite sons, one of which becomes a Prince.

!!Leah
->''Leah had tender eyes.''
* ArchnemesisDad: The main reason for Leah's unhappy married life is her father's eagerness to marry off both daughters at the same time [[{{Polyamory}} to the same man]] and get free labour from his son-in-law. In time, both sisters grow to dislike their father enough to counsel Jacob to flee with all his livestock without telling Laban.
* BrideAndSwitch
* DroppedABridgeOnHer: It wasn't until Jacob was in his death bed does the reader find out Leah had died before him.
* LawOfInverseFertility: Conceives very easily, while her sister remains infertile for a long time.
* AwLookTheyReallyDoLoveEachOther: Leah gets one of these moments long after her death, when Jacob says that he wants to be buried in the place where he buried Leah.
* SourOutsideSadInside: She remains TheUnfavorite throughout her married life simply because she had the misfortune to be [[BrideAndSwitch tricked into marriage]] to a man whose OneTrueLove was her sister.
* SiblingRivalry: With Rachel, because Rachel was Jacob's favorite wife.
* TheUnfavorite
* WhatBeautifulEyes: Exactly what "tender eyes" are supposed to be is unclear. Some versions say she had "lovely" eyes, others say she had "weary" eyes.

!!Laban
* ArchnemesisDad: Laban is almost single-handedly responsible for all the {{angst}} faced by his daughters and their sons. His deception in marrying both daughters to Jacob leads to an [[SiblingRivalry intense rivalry]] between them, which in turn damages the relationship between their sons, almost to the point of fratricide.
* EvilUncle: The man's got some talent.He manages to be ArchnemesisDad to his daughters ''and'' ArchEnemy to his nephew/son-in-law.
* ManipulativeBastard: Not only did he trick his son-in-law into marrying both of his daughters, but he went out of his way to keep Jacob working for him.
* StealthPun: Keeps culling the sheep without speckles or spots from Jacob's herds, before Jacob turns the tables on him with primitive methods of breeding.
* TookALevelInJerkass: Laban. The first time we see him (in the context of his sister Rebecca's wedding), he seems like a NiceGuy. By the time Jacob goes to work for him, he's turned into a ManipulativeBastard ''[[UpToEleven par excellence]]''.

!!Joseph, son of Jacob
->''Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colors.''
* AnnoyingYoungerSibling: The 17-year-old Joseph tell tales about his brothers to his father and openly announces his dreams of ruling over them. Thankfully, [[TookALevelInKindness he becomes nicer]] over time.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: "Joseph was handsome in form and appearance." Additionally, according to Muslim tradition, "One half of all the beauty God apportioned for mankind went to Joseph; the other one half went to the rest of mankind."
* BigBrotherInstinct: Joseph's reaction on seeing Benjamin for the first time in more than 20 years: "God be gracious to you, my son."
* BilingualBonus: When brought before the Vizier, the brothers speak to each other in Canaanite, because they think the Vizier won't understand. He does.
* BureaucraticallyArrangedMarriage: Joseph's marriage with Asenath seems to be an example of this. However, in view of Joseph's monogamy, the birth of his two sons, and the absence of any contrary statement in the Bible, it could also be a PerfectlyArrangedMarriage.
* ChasteHero: He resisted the advances of his master Potiphar's wife.
* ChickMagnet: {{Implied}} in the biblical episode involving Potiphar's wife. Dwelt on in much greater detail in the Islamic tradition, where women are so [[DistractedByTheSexy distracted by his good looks]] that they cut their hands while peeling apples when he is around.
* CompletelyUnnecessaryTranslator: To conceal his true identity, Joseph uses an interpreter to speak to his brothers.
* DramaticIrony: The brothers insist before the Vizier of Egypt that they are "honest men". They don't realise that the Vizier is the brother whose death they faked after having sold him into slavery 20 years ago.
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: Several people in Joseph's story experience prophetic dreams - the Pharaoh, the Steward and the Baker, and Joseph himself. However, Joseph is the only one who can interpret the dreams.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Joseph's life story.
* {{Forgiveness}}: Joseph's forgiveness of his brothers brings to an end generations of SiblingRivalry, which began with CainAndAbel, and continued through Jacob and Essau and Rachel and Leah.
* FramingTheGuiltyParty: Joseph's accusations of espionage and theft against his brothers are completely false. But his brothers see this as retribution for what they did to him years earlier, and feel that they are being justly punished.
--> Judah: ''[to Joseph, unaware of his true identity]'' What can we say, my lord? How can we defend ourselves? God has uncovered our guilt.
* GenreSavvy: In hindsight, Joseph sees his hardships as part of God's greater plan to put him in a position to save lives during the devastating famine. He uses this to lighten his brothers' sense of guilt for having sold him to slavery.
* GivingThemTheStrip: He escapes from the clutches of a [[ReadyForLovemaking rather enthusiastic]] Mrs. Potiphar by leaving his garment in her hands. The garment ends him up in prison.
* TheGoodChancellor: He saves countless lives and livestock through his efficient administration during the seven years of famine. HarsherInHindsight, though, as his economic policies result in the State gaining ownership over all privately owned property.
* GoodIsNotSoft: Joseph persists with ThePlan (see below) despite the obvious pain it causes his brothers and father.
* GuileHero: No matter where he is placed, Joseph finds a way to climb to the top of the organisation through sheer intelligence, charisma and competence. His administration over the 7 years of plenty and 7 years of famine ensures that the entire nation survives. Moreover, he lays a successful trap for his brothers to find out if they have really changed over the years.
* HypercompetentSidekick: Joseph became one to Potiphar, then to his warden in prison, and eventually to Pharaoh; he was so efficient that Potiphar and the warden felt they didn't need to supervise him, and Potiphar even lost track of all his affairs because Joseph took care of them all.
* InUniverseCatharsis: After twenty years of estrangement, Joseph [[InelegantBlubbering cries uncontrollably]] at the moment of reconciliation with his brothers.
* MadeASlave: By his brothers.
* MatzoFever: He unwittingly infected Potiphar's wife with this.
* NoDoubtTheYearsHaveChangedMe: His brothers last saw him being caravanned off to a life of slavery. Twenty years later, he is the second-most powerful man in Egypt and is effectively running the famine-struck country.
* NotSoStoic: He bears his own slavery and imprisonment with fortitude but breaks down in ManlyTears several times when dealing with his own family.
* OhCrap: The brothers fall into a StunnedSilence after Joseph's self-revelation. It takes several reassurances and [[CooldownHug Cooldown Hugs]] from Joseph to coax them back into speech.
* ParentalFavoritism: He was the favorite son of Jacob, being the first child of his favorite wife. Joseph himself [[{{Averted}} averts]] this trope in relation to his own two children, Manasseh and Ephraim. He isn't very happy when Jacob resorts to his old habit of [[YoungestChildWins favoring the younger child]] by giving the greater blessing to Ephraim.
* RagsToRiches: He eventually becomes second in power to Pharaoh, and is sometimes described as being a prince.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: ZigZagged. As the Vizier of Egypt, Joseph acts like TheGoodChancellor and is ultimately praised by the people for saving their lives. However, when dealing with his brothers (before having revealed his true identity), Joseph takes full advantage of his power and makes them suffer for what they did to him.
* RequisiteRoyalRegalia: A small-scale version: the fancy robe Jacob gave him is believed to traditionally signify a father's choice of successor as head of the family. And of course, he got the real deal when Pharaoh made him second-in-command of all Egypt.
* ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem / ScrewTheRulesImDoingWhatsRight: Joseph's cat-and-mouse game with his brothers - in which he detains them on false charges and planted evidence - may be classified as either of these.
* ThrownDownAWell: This was the brothers' original plan regarding how to dispose of Joseph, until Judah suggested that they might as well [[MadeASlave sell him]].
* WoundedGazelleGambit: Leaving his [[GivingThemTheStrip garment in Mrs. Potiphar's hands]] was ''not'' a good idea, as Joseph discovered, for it made it difficult to convince anyone that [[NotWhatItLooksLike it wasn't what it looked like]].
* XanatosGambit: By forcing his brothers to decide whether they will allow Benjamin to be enslaved to guarantee their own safety, Joseph ensures that there are only two possible outcomes (both in his favor). '''Outcome A:''' The brothers, caring little for Benjamin, leave him in Egypt, in which case Joseph is re-united with his one full brother; '''Outcome B:''' The brothers, having [[TookALevelInKindness gained in moral character]] since the time they sold Joseph, refuse to part with Benjamin, in which case Joseph reconciles with ''all'' of them. Happily for all parties, Outcome B eventuates.
* YoungestChildWins: Naturally, in keeping with several generations of family tradition.


!!Judah
* TheAtoner: Earlier, he sold his father's favorite son into slavery. Later, he is remorseful enough to pledge his own freedom to save his father's ''other'' favorite son.
* BedTrick: Subject to Tamar's.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: In the long-run, it's Judah's descendants who become the most illustrious. During his lifetime, his brother Joseph is TheHero.
* HeroicSacrifice: He offers himself as a slave to Joseph in exchange for Benjamin's freedom to [[TheAtoner avoid breaking his father's heart a second time]]. What makes this even more impressive is that Judah is resigned to the fact that his mother [[AlwaysSecondBest Leah's children will always be worth less in Jacob's eyes than Rachel's children]].
* {{Hypocrite}}: Is willing to put Tamar to death for adultery despite having slept with some random prostitute himself. Upon realizing that ''she'' was the prostitute he [[WhatHaveIDone realizes his error]].
* MadeASlave: He was the one to suggest selling Joseph into slavery.
* OnlySaneMan: During times of crisis, it's Judah who finds the sensible proposals. He manages to persuade Jacob to let Benjamin go with them to Egypt. In Egypt, it's again Judah who takes the initiative and bargains for Benjamin's freedom with Joseph.
* RousingSpeech: Judah's famous monologue of HeroicSacrifice proves to be the catalyst to the family's reconciliation, causing Joseph to break down in ManlyTears.
* TokenGoodTeammate: He was the one who suggested selling Joseph to slavery instead of killing him.
** Although there's also Reuben, who was planning to take Joseph out of the pit and save him.
* WhatHaveIDone: He almost had Tamar put to death for adultery before realizing that he was the one at fault.

!! Benjamin
* BigBrotherInstinct: Benjamin evokes this response in Joseph. One of the motivations behind Joseph's XanatosGambit is to rescue Benjamin from his half-brothers if it turns out they have been treating him as poorly as they treated Joseph.
* ParentalFavoritism: Benjamin is subjected to this nearly as much as Joseph was before him. However, fortunately, his brothers don't hate him for it.
* ReplacementGoldfish: After Joseph's disappearance, Jacob takes to Benjamin as his "replacement" favorite, as Benjamin is his OneTrueLove Rachel's only other son. However, given that Jacob continues to mourn for Joseph despite keeping Benjamin close to him, it is {{implied}} that Benjamin remains AlwaysSecondBest.
* TheVoiceless: Despite being the subject of monumental [[{{angst}} angsting]] and drama for three chapters, Benjamin doesn't get even ''one'' spoken word of dialogue. The only time he isn't just a passive figure and ''does'' something is when he returns Joseph's embrace and cries. Otherwise, he is only mentioned to demonstrate the feelings or moral progress of other characters, such as Jacob's [[ReplacementGoldfish bereavement]], Joseph's BigBrotherInstinct or Judah's CharacterArc.

!! Jacob's other sons
* BashBrothers / RedOniBlueOni: Simeon & Levi.
* BilingualBackfire: The brothers recall their betrayal of Joseph in front of the Vizier of Egypt, who doesn't speak Canaanite, [[NoDoubtTheYearsHaveChangedMe or so they think]].
* BlackSheep: Dan is seen as this. He hated Joseph the most (folklore) and his land is associated with evil (Jeremiah). His most famous descendant is {{Samson}}.
* GangOfHats: The tribe of Levi are all priests.
* HotBlooded: Simeon.
* IncestIsRelative: Reuben slept with the mother of 2 of his half-brothers. This led to him losing his birthright as firstborn.
* JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope: Early on, the brothers have an arguable case against AnnoyingYoungerSibling Joseph, who comes across as something of a SpoiledBrat. After their [[MoralEventHorizon selling of Joseph]] they lose the reader's sympathy until Joseph makes them suffer.
* OpenMouthInsertFoot: Poor Ruben, through and through. A prime example of this trope is when Ruben tries to persuade Jacob to let Benjamin travel with him to Egypt. As an indication of his sincerity, he tells Jacob he will let ''both his own sons be killed'' if he can't bring Benjamin back. Needless to say, Jacob isn't persuaded.
* OutOfFocus: This is especially true of the sons of the concubines. Despite being [[TheUnfavorite The Unfavorites]], most of Leah's sons get individual characteristics: Judah is the HeroOfAnotherStory, Ruben is the disgraced older brother, Dan is the BlackSheep, Simeon is a problem "wild child", Levi is the most pious one, Issachar is TheSmartGuy and Asher is the peacemaker. Do we know ''anything'' about Naphtali and Gad, other than their genealogy?
* ThisBearWasFramed: To explain Joseph's disappearance to the rest of the clan, the brothers smear goat's blood on his coat and send it to their father, Jacob, who concludes that Joseph must have been torn apart by wild animals.

!!Dinah
* IJustWantToHaveFriends: When she was kidnapped by the Shechemite prince, she was going out to visit the women of the land.
* RapeAsDrama
** RapeAndRevenge: Her brothers avenge her by killing the prince who did it, as well as every adult male in his village.
* TokenGirl: The only daughter born to Jacob.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: We never know what happens to her after her brothers rescue her from Shechem, making her a tragic OneSceneWonder.
** Some Midrashic tales say that Dinah gave birth to Shechem's daughter, who was spirited away to Egypt to be raised as the daughter of Potiphera, Priest of On, and that it was this daughter, Asenath, who was given in marriage to Joseph. The rather UnfortunateImplication of this tale is that it puts Joseph in a [[{{Squick}} squicky]] [[IncestIsRelative uncle-niece relationship]]. However, most scholars dismiss this story as a {{Fanon}} attempt to make Joseph's sons of pure Jewish lineage.
** Others believe that she married her brother Simeon (at her request), because [[DefiledForever no one would want her now that she was no longer a virgin]]. According to this school of thought, it was a SexlessMarriage, simply to ensure that she would be provided for and protected.

!!Tamar (daughter-in-law of Judah)
* BedTrick: Tricked Judah into sleeping with her by disguising herself as a prostitute.
* CartwrightCurse: She married Judah's first son, who died. Then she married Judah's second son, who practiced coitus interruptus and was killed by God as punishment.
* [[GuileHero GuileHeroine]]: Tamar turns the odds in her favor despite being a neglected, powerless widow trying to get a fair deal from the head of the family in a patriarchal society.
* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: Briefly. She impersonates a hooker as part of a ploy to get her stingy father-in-law to do as he'd agreed and provide her with a new husband.
* YoungestChildWins: Her younger son took his brother's place as first-born as they were being born.

!!Pharaoh (Genesis)
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: God gave him two prophetic dreams that Joseph interpreted.
* NoNameGiven / EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: His real name is never given. Pharaoh is a title.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted, there are other Pharaohs mentioned. In fact, it's likely that Joseph served under multiple Pharaohs.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: He seems to appreciate Joseph a lot and is kind to his family when they arrive. He was willing to accommodate Joseph's relatives in Goshen, a particularly fertile area of Egypt where they would be able to graze their flocks (and also where they would be separate from the Egyptian populace, as Egyptians tended to look down on shepherds).

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