[[folder:Adam and Eve]]
->''And God said, "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creep upon the earth."''

The first man, created in God's image, and the first woman, created out of Adam's rib. Their eventual disobedience gave humanity its Original Sin.
* AdamAndEvePlot: [[TropeMaker The original.]]
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: Many biblical scholars argue that Adam was the most handsome man and Eve the most beautiful woman, being directly created by God.
* DoubleStandard: Some people have put the blame solely on Eve, others on Adam. Others [[TakeAThirdOption put the blame on both]].
* TheExile / YouCantGoHomeAgain: Adam and Eve were permanently banished from the Garden of Eden for disobeying God.
* FounderOfTheKingdom: Founder of the Human Race.
* HumansAreBastards: Disobeying God by eating the forbidden fruit is referred to as being the Original Sin, and as such all their descendants are born with inclination towards sin. While never fully erased, God does help humans resist it by sending prophets to teach his word and (according to Christians) by coming down to Earth as Jesus and dying for humanity's sins.
* KilledOffForReal: Before the fall of man, humans didn't grow old or die. So because they disobeyed God, Adam, Eve, and all their descendants share this fate.
* MeaningfulName: Adam was the first man, his name means "man". Eve was the first woman. Her name in Hebrew means "living one" or "source of life".
* MethuselahSyndrome: Subverted, as back then the average lifespan ''was'' centuries, much longer than it is today. Adam, Eve and plenty of their offspring lived for centuries.
* InnocentFanserviceGirl: Couple in this case, until they eat the fruit. In many art, they are exploited for {{Fanservice}}. Even during the most prudish epochs of western history, nobody could deny that the nudity of Adam and Eve was an important plot point in the bible. This always gave artists an excuse to paint a couple each wearing only a single fig-leaf and still claim that it's purely religious art not meant to be titillating in any way.
* SadlyMythtaken: The Bible does not call the fruit an apple (Muslims call it Khuldi). The portrayal of said fruit as an apple is a StealthPun on the Latin word malus.
* UnwittingInstigatorOfDoom: You can also blame them for introducing humanity to [[HumansAreBastards sin]] and [[KilledOffForReal death]].

[[folder:The Serpent]]
->''You will not surely die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.''

A serpent who tempts Adam and Eve into their Original Sin. According to the ''Literature/BookOfRevelation'', the serpent was {{Satan}}.
* AmbiguousGender: While modern audiences remember it as a male character (and possibly Satan), a surprising amount of artists had portrayed it as a bizarre, half-snake half-''woman'' entity, with a humanoid torso with female breasts and everything. Some people interpret this as a reference to Lilith, who in some versions of Genesis was Adam's first wife but fled ([[ValuesDissonance and in some versions was punished]]) because she didn't like the idea of being subservient to Adam. And this is disregarding the interpretation that the serpent wasn't even a ''literal'' serpent but instead an allegory for a difficult decision.
* BigBad: Of... practically ''everything'', actually. As stated below, with ''one simple action'' he managed to ruin the paradise God created. According to the Book of Genesis, he is the reason we are able to die, the reason we know of good and evil and the reason we are not able to enter the Garden of Eden and never will.[[note]]Though - at least according to Christianity (the Book of Revelations) - God will create for the faithful a New Earth even better than the Garden of Eden and will restore the saved part of humanity to a pre-fall state (no death, no suffering, no sin, etc.).[[/note]]
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Despite causing the following: Mankind receiving knowledge of good and evil, Adam and Eve getting kicked out of the Garden of Eden and being cursed, the existence of death, the existence of the entire human race, and the first evil act ever, the snake absolutely disappears off of the face of the earth after the whole "Eden" incident. It is possible that he is Satan, but The Bible is not explicit about this.
* TheCorrupter
* OurDragonsAreDifferent: One interpretation. Before being made to crawl upon his belly he must have had legs. What would you call a walking, talking serpent with (at least) human level intelligence?
* ReptilesAreAbhorrent: Although in this case, he becomes ''physically'' abhorrent as a punishment for his ''morally'' abhorrent action.
* SmugSnake: Figuratively ''and'' literally.
* TalkingAnimal
* VillainsNeverLie: Everything it says to Eve is true. Its crime was not explaining that "eat it and die" was a threat, not a warning of poison, which it may not have understood itself.
* WomanScorned: If you interpret the Serpent as Lilith, this is one possible reason why s/he tried to tempt Adam and Eve with the fruit.

->''"Am I my brother's keeper?"''

The firstborn son of Adam and Eve, who took up farming. After God rejected his sacrifice in favor of Abel's, Cain killed his brother in a jealous rage.
* BeingEvilSucks: According to Islam, he felt really bad after killing Abel but he never really repented.
* CainAndAbel: Duh, they're the TropeNamer.
* DeadpanSnarker: The world's first. Check his quote.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Murdering his brother when all he had to do was do what his brother did.
* FoolishSiblingResponsibleSibling: Foolish to Abel's responsible. Tradition holds that Cain only offered his spare produce while Abel offered the best of his livestock.
* GreenEyedMonster: Murdered his brother because of it.
* JokerImmunity: The ur-example. He commits the first murder and is protected from retribution ever after by his mark. It was intended to prevent a CycleOfRevenge. It did not work.
* MeatVersusVeggies: This indirectly kicked off the circumstances that led to Cain murdering Abel. What happened was that God asked both Cain and Abel to give him sacrifices. Cain sacrificed his vegetables, while Abel sacrificed his livestock and gave God meat. God decided that Abel's sacrifice was more worthy, which pissed Cain off enough to kill Abel over it.
* NameOfCain: TropeMaker.
* RedRightHand: God gave him a mark to protect him from harm, specifically anyone who might seek vengeance upon him for Abel's death. Exactly what kind of mark is not canonically specified, and interpretations vary.
* TheResenter: Bible commentators indicate that Cain was this due to his parents having been driven out of the garden of Eden. He also resents God for picking Abel's sacrifice over his own (and murders Abel over this resentment), to which God responds by asking why he's downcast and pointing out that if Cain had done right he would've been picked.
* WalkingTheEarth: After Cain murdered his bother, he became a wanderer until he settled in the Land of Nod.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: It's not really explained why God rejected Cain's sacrifice in favor of Abel's. Cain sacrificed produce, while Abel sacrificed livestock, but the Bible doesn't really make it clear whether God simply prefers meat, whether Cain didn't give his best produce, or whether it was because Cain didn't sacrifice enough. It is later stated that he only sacrificed the things he didn't really care for or need while Abel sacrificed his best products. Upping the ante by sacrificing his brother was ''not'' appreciated.

-->''"If you do what is right, will you not be accepted?"''

The second son of Adam and Eve, who took up shepherding. Was killed by his elder brother Cain due to the latter's jealousy.
* CainAndAbel: The Abel, as shown by his righteous actions which made him favored by God.
* FoolishSiblingResponsibleSibling: Responsible to Cain's foolish. Tradition holds that the reason why God favored him was that Abel sacrificed the absolute best of his flock while Cain only sacrificed his spares.
* KilledOffForReal: [[UrExample The first]].
* MeatVersusVeggies: This inadvertently got him killed. He sacrificed meat to God by sacrificing his livestock, while his brother Cain sacrificed the vegetables growing in his field. God decided that Abel had given him a better sacrifice, and for this Cain killed him out of jealousy.
* RightlySelfRighteous: His one piece of dialogue makes him come off as one. Cain did not like being lectured by his little brother.
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth: Not in the story where he's from, but after his death, in Matthews 23:35, Jesus calls Abel "righteous", and Christian tradition sometimes calls Abel the first martyr.
* YoungestChildWins: Subverted since he dies, and Adam and Eve have another son after his death.

->''He spent his life in fellowship with God, and then he disappeared, because God took him away.''

A descendant of Seth, Adam and Eve's third son. Apparently was taken by God into Heaven.
* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: Some may say he was just PutOnABus.
* BreakoutCharacter: There's a non-canonical book about him. It influenced the Literature/BookOfRevelation, ''Literature/TheDivineComedy'', and a lot of Christian notions about {{Heaven}} and {{Hell}}.
* PalsWithJesus: Or rather, Jesus's dad.
* TooGoodForThisSinfulEarth: According to Rabbinical literature, God took him so he wouldn't be corrupted by the world.

->''And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years.''

Son of Enoch and grandfather of Noah.
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Doing a bit of math, one can see that he died in the year of the Great Flood. It's never explained if he died ''in'' it or before it, since he's not among the eight humans who went aboard the Ark. (In the Talmud, he dies the week before, and a week of mourning is held inside the Ark.)
* MethuselahSyndrome: The TropeNamer.

->''He was a mighty hunter before The Lord.''

A mighty hunter who founded Babylon. Tradition holds that he attempted to build the Tower of Babel.
* BiblicalBadGuy: Nimrod was instrumental in the building of the infamous Tower of Babel, and was punished for his hubris in trying to reach the heavens.
* FounderOfTheKingdom: Of Babylon.
* YouKeepUsingThatWord: His name was, for a long time, synonymous with "hunter". Now, thanks to Warner Bros. cartoons, it's used to mean someone stupid or incompetent.

->''There went in two and two unto Noah into the Ark, the male and the female.''

He and his family were called by God to build a boat filled with one male and female of each animal while He flooded the world. Afterwards, God made a covenant with him to never flood the world again.
* CantHoldHisLiquor: The first in the Bible to get drunk and [[NakedPeopleAreFunny expose himself]].
* CassandraTruth: The Flood.
* CoolBoat: The Ark, big enough to house at least two of every animal and Noah's entire family.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: "Cursed be Canaan!"
* ImprobableAge: Building a boat when you're 500.
* MethuselahSyndrome: [[LastOfHisKind The last person to live over 900]].
* OnlySaneMan: Noah, along with his family, were the only God-fearing people and as a result could see that the moral depravity of everyone around them was harming themselves and breaking God's laws.
* TheyCalledMeMad!: They called me mad, but I'll show them, I'll bring two of every animal on The Ark, and lets see who's laughing when they're drowning and I'm floating! (Except the floating ones and the swimming ones.)

A grandson of Noah and ancestor of the Canaanites.
* ButtMonkey: He is cursed because of what his father did, or BecauseDestinySaysSo.
* FamousAncestor: Of many Middle Eastern peoples.
* MadeASlave: The fate of his descendants.

->''"I will bless those who bless you. But I will curse those who curse you. And through you I will bless all nations."''

A descendant of Noah, and the father of all Abrahamic faiths. In Genesis, he is called by God to leave his home and become a great nation.
* AngelUnaware: Is rewarded for entertaining three of these with a long-awaited son in his old age.
* BargainWithHeaven
* TheChosenOne
* CoolOldGuy
* FamousAncestor: Many Middle Eastern peoples trace their ancestry to Abe.
* IdiotBall: Locked his wife Sarah in a box while passing through Egypt, for fear that she would be taken by the Egyptians on account of her beauty. He didn't stop to think that maybe, just maybe the box would have to pass through customs.
* ILied: Well, more like told a half-truth. He told the Egyptians (who found her in the above incident) that Sarah was his sister. (She was his half-sister, as well as his wife.) He did this to protect himself from being killed by the men in order to obtain her. (Which they never did, even upon finding out the truth.) The lie causes all sorts of mayhem. Oh, and this happened more than once.
* HumanSacrifice: Abraham was almost sacrificed (according to a [[WordOfDante Midrash]]), but escaped. Later, he almost sacrificed Isaac, but just barely didn't.
* MachoMasochism: An ur-example.
* MeaningfulRename: God has him change his name from Abram (High father) to Abraham (Father of many).
* TheMourningAfter: Averted. After Sarah dies, he marries another (much younger) woman named Keturah. (Who [[FanPreferredCouple some believe]] is his concubine Hagar, by another name, though this is unlikely.)
* ParentalFavoritism: He preferred Isaac over Ishmael, but was ready to sacrifice Isaac to God when God told him to. Good thing it was just a test. The Genesis account indicates that Abraham actually pleaded with God for Ishmael to receive some sort of blessing from God as well. Isaac was really TheChosenOne BecauseDestinySaysSo.
* ParentsAsPeople
* SacredHospitality: God is debating whether to destroy the city of Sodom. Abraham bargains God down to letting the city survive if there are ten good men. God's messengers go to Sodom, and they meet Lot and his family. The Sodomites want to rape them. Lot's even willing to let them rape his daughters rather than these men. The city is destroyed.

->''"Alas for me! shall I bear a child, seeing I am an old woman, and my husband here is an old man? That would indeed be a wonderful thing!"''

The wife of Abraham.
* AngelUnaware: Entertains three of these, and is rewarded with a long-awaited son.
* TheBeautifulElite
* CoolOldLady
* TheChick
* GirlInABox / PunkInTheTrunk: Is locked in a box when passing through Egypt so that Abraham won't be killed for her.
* GrandmaWhatMassiveHotnessYouHave: Well, the Pharaoh sure thought so.
* GreenEyedMonster: Gets jealous of Hagar.
* GoGoEnslavement: Sort of. She is taken to be one of the Pharaoh's concubines. But before he can defile her, God makes Pharaoh sick and the rest of his harem sterile, and Pharaoh gives her back to Abraham.
* LawOfInverseFertility: Her maidservant Hagar gets pregnant by Abraham by sleeping with him once; Sarah has always been infertile (which is why she gave Hagar to Abraham in the first place as per the Code of Hammurabi.)
* MeaningfulRename: Renamed from "Sarai" to "Sarah" (though both translate as "Princess")
* ParentalFavoritism
* ParentsAsPeople
* RichBitch: When her jealousy gets the better of her (see above) she abuses her pregnant servant. Also, she sends Ishmael (legally her son) out into the desert, not giving a rip what happens to him because she favors her biological son Isaac.
* SacredHospitality: See AngelUnaware.
* {{Tsundere}}
* WorldsMostBeautifulWoman

->''"His hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him."''

Son of Abraham and Sarah's handmaid Hagar.
* FamousAncestor: To the Arabs, in their telling of the story, not that the Hebrews ever disputed it.
* HairTriggerTemper: See the quote above.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: He is an important patriarch to the Muslims, just as Isaac is to Jews and Christians.
* PutOnABus

->''"Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of."''

The son of Abraham and Sarah, and the father of Jacob and Esau.
* BrickJoke: His name means "To laugh" because that's what his mother Sarah did when an angel told her she will be pregnant in her old age.
* HumanSacrifice: Narrowly averted. God ordered Abraham to sacrifice his son, but stopped him in the last minute. Turns out it was a SecretTestOfCharacter.
* KissingCousins, LoveAtFirstSight and PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: With his wife and cousin Rebecca.
* OutOfFocus: Of the four patriarchs, he's by far the least focused on.
* ParentalFavoritism: Abraham preferred him over his older brother, Ishmael. Granted, that was because God basically told him to. He in turn preferred Esau to Jacob.
* YoungestChildWins

->''"Two nations fight in your womb. The lesser will defeat the greater, the older shall serve the younger."''

The wife of Isaac. She favors her younger son Jacob, and conspires with him to give him the greater blessing.
* BecauseDestinySaysSo
* CoincidentalBroadcast: Abraham's messenger prays for a girl to come out who meets the criteria for a worthy wife: physically attractive, a member of the right family, virginal, kind, hard-working, and willing to accept that she'll have to migrate to the other side of the Fertile Crescent. Rebekah comes out mere moments later... and she meets ''exactly'' that description.
* GuileHeroine
* LawOfInverseFertility: Though she had less of a problem with it than the other matriarchs; she and Isaac prayed together and were able to conceive without Isaac ever taking a concubine/second wife.
* NatureAdoresAVirgin: A specific part of her beauty/appeal at her first appearance is mentioned as being her youth and virginity.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: Her favoring of Jacob causes a ''big'' rift between the two brothers and their later descendants, and causes her to never see her "golden child" again.
* ObnoxiousInLaws: Esau's Canaanite wives "vex" her.
* ParentalFavoritism: Favored Jacob to the point of deceiving his father Isaac into giving him the better inheritance.
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: With Isaac.
* PyrrhicVictory: She helps Jacob on the path to becoming ancestor of the greatest nation on earth as God foretold, but she never sees her son again and the enmity between his and his brother Esau's descendants would last for centuries.
* SacredHospitality: Offers Abraham's messenger a place to stay, plus water for himself and all his camels.

->''And he sold his birthright unto Jacob.''

The elder of Isaac's two sons, whom Isaac favors. A strong, yet foolish hunter that gets tricked out of his birthright and blessing.
* CainAndAbel: The trope might just as well have been called Jacob and Esau. Esau sells his birthright to Jacob for some porridge, Jacob tricks Isaac into giving him Esau's blessing, Esau tries to kill Jacob, Jacob runs away and comes back with gifts for Esau. End result: Esau repents, makes up with Jacob, and accepts gifts from Jacob. The thing is, it's kind of hard to tell who is Abel and who is Cain in this scenario.
** God actually forbid Israelites from fighting Edomites because they are brothers.
* CarpetOfVirility: Esau was such a hairy man that when Jacob tricked Isaac (who had gone blind in his old age) into thinking he was Esau, he wore a goat skin to simulate Esau's hairiness.
* ComicallySmallBribe: Sold his birthright to Jacob ''for a bowl of soup''.
* DarkSkinnedRedhead
* EvilTwin: To Jacob. Unlike most examples, he's not truly evil, just short-sighted, and he and Jacob are DifferentAsNightAndDay.
* EasilyForgiven: When meeting Jacob again for the first time in years, Jacob is terrified that Esau will try to get revenge on him and sends him dozens of gifts. To his surprise, Esau has already forgiven him.
* EmbarrassingNickname: "Edom", a name approximately meaning "red" in Hebrew. He gets it after selling his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of red soup.
* FoolishSiblingResponsibleSibling: The ''very'', ''very'' Foolish to Jacob's Responsible. This mirrors Cain and Abel earlier in Genesis.
* FounderOfTheKingdom: His descendants founded the city-state of Edom, who continued to harass their Israelite brothers.
* ParentalMarriageVeto: Rebekah does not like the Canaanite women he married.
* {{Polyamory}}: As many men of that time and place did, Esau was married to Adath, Basemath, and Oholibama, three local Canaanite women.
* RatedMForManly: Why Isaac favors him over Jacob; Isaac admires Esau's hunting skill.
* SelfMadeMan: He is not TheChosenOne, but after the TimeSkip, he already has a lot of wealth and status to his name (almost as much as Jacob).
* SinsOfOurFathers: While Esau himself forgave Jacob, his descendants, the Edomites, weren't as kind, as they continued to harass the Israelites for a long time.

->''"Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man."''

The younger, more thoughtful son of Isaac. His sons go on to found the nation of Israel.
* BadassIsraeli: Jacob's half the TropeNamer. In fact, He fought God Himself (or an angel, depending on which interpretation you read) and almost won, but then God (or the angel) broke his hip after fighting him all day and all night. Jacob gained the nickname "Yisrael", which means "Struggles with God", or the more popular translation, "Israel", which means "Let God prevail", meaning he struggled with God and let Him win.
* BrideAndSwitch: Jacob was in love with Rachel and wanted her, but her parents tricked him into having Leah first, getting another seven years of work from him.
* DysfunctionJunction: Right in the middle of one. Also applies to his relatives on this list, but he's the one who has to deal with it from all sides.
* FounderOfTheKingdom
* GuileHero: And how. He gets it from his mother's side of the family.
* LikeFatherLikeSon: Or rather like mother, like son.
* LoveAtFirstSight: Towards Rachel.
* ManipulativeBastard: Jacob's name means deceiver, and he is often shown using tricks to get his way. He even, at his mother's request, tricked his father into giving him the better inheritance.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: When Laban confronts him and accuses him of stealing his household idols, Jacob says (without knowing who did it) that whoever stole them will die. Not too long after that, Rachel dies in childbirth with Benjamin. Traditional interpretations attribute this to Jacob unknowingly cursing her for taking the idols (probably for her own use, which is also considered worthy of punishment). The fact that she dies in childbirth is attributed to her hiding the {{MacGuffin}}s in her menstruation couch.
* OneTrueLove: Rachel is so much the love of his life that occasionally, he refers to her as his ''only'' wife, and makes it sound as if her sons are his ''only'' children. What's worse, he talks like this ''in front of all his other children''.
--> ''[To Judah, one of his ten other sons]'' You know that my wife bore me two sons...
* ParentalFavoritism: Jacob was Rebecca's favorite, and later Jacob preferred his (second) youngest son, Joseph. Notice a pattern here?
* {{Polyamory}}: With the sisters (and his cousins) Leah and Rachel. It wasn't his idea, though; he wanted Rachel but was stuck with Leah after the BrideAndSwitch. Like most other accounts of polygamy in the Bible, it ends badly, here in the form of an ugly SiblingRivalry.
* TheTrickster: His very name means "deceiver", and true to form, he tricks Esau out of his birthright and Isaac out of the blessing that he would give to Esau. That said, Jacob himself [[LaserGuidedKarma gets on the receiving end of trickery]] when he tries to marry Rachel.
* UnwantedHarem: He ends up having thirteen kids with four different women despite the fact that he only intended to marry Rachel.
* YoungestChildWins: According to later books in The Bible his nation will produce the savior of mankind while Esau's will vanish from the earth.

->''Rachel was lovely in form and beautiful.''

Jacob's second wife, whom he loves the most.
* AntagonisticOffspring: She removes Laban's household idols, presumably as a long-overdue TakeThat for the misery he's caused her and her sister Leah.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: She is described as more beautiful than her sister, who, while she isn't a bad person, is certainly angry and bitter.
* DeathByChildbirth: Poor Benjamin!
* GuileHeroine: Stole Laban's idols and hid them in her menstruation couch.
* LawOfInverseFertility: Unlike Leah, it took her fourteen years to conceive her first son, Joseph.
* NoPeriodsPeriod: Averted; her excuse for not getting up to let guards search was "It's that time of the month."
* SiblingRivalry: With Leah, because Leah was able to give Jacob lots of sons.
* YoungestChildWins: Jacob's favored wife bore his favorite sons, one of which becomes a Prince.

->''Leah had tender eyes.''

Rachel's older, not-as-beautiful sister, and Jacob's first wife. Due to Jacob favoring Rachel, she grows bitter to both her and Laban.
* ArchnemesisDad: The main reason for Leah's unhappy married life is her father's eagerness to marry off both daughters at the same time [[{{Polyamory}} to the same man]] and get free labour from his son-in-law. In time, both sisters grow to dislike their father enough to counsel Jacob to flee with all his livestock without telling Laban.
* BrideAndSwitch
* DroppedABridgeOnHer: It wasn't until Jacob was in his death bed does the reader find out Leah had died before him.
* LawOfInverseFertility: Because God takes pity on her for being the lesser wife in Jacob's eyes, she conceives very easily, while her sister remains infertile for a long time.
* AwLookTheyReallyDoLoveEachOther: Leah gets one of these moments long after her death, when Jacob says that he wants to be buried in the place where he buried Leah.
* SourOutsideSadInside: She remains TheUnfavorite throughout her married life simply because she had the misfortune to be [[BrideAndSwitch tricked into marriage]] to a man whose OneTrueLove was her sister.
* SiblingRivalry: With Rachel, because Rachel was Jacob's favorite wife.
* TheUnfavorite
* WhatBeautifulEyes: Exactly what "tender eyes" are supposed to be is unclear. Some versions say she had "lovely" eyes, others say she had "weary" eyes.

Jacob's uncle, brother of Rebekah, and father of Rachel and Leah. He manipulates his nephew into indentured servitude in exchange for marrying both of his daughters.
* ArchnemesisDad: Laban is almost single-handedly responsible for all the {{angst}} faced by his daughters and their sons. His deception in marrying both daughters to Jacob leads to an [[SiblingRivalry intense rivalry]] between them, which in turn damages the relationship between their sons, almost to the point of fratricide.
* EvilUncle: The man's got some talent. He manages to be ArchnemesisDad to his daughters ''and'' ArchEnemy to his nephew/son-in-law.
* ManipulativeBastard: Not only did he trick his son-in-law into marrying both of his daughters, but he went out of his way to keep Jacob working for him.
* StealthPun: Keeps culling the sheep without speckles or spots from Jacob's herds, before Jacob turns the tables on him with primitive methods of breeding.
* TookALevelInJerkass: The first time we see him (in the context of his sister Rebecca's wedding), he seems like a NiceGuy. By the time Jacob goes to work for him, he's turned into a ManipulativeBastard ''[[UpToEleven par excellence]]''.
* TheTrickster: One-ups Jacob, himself an accomplished trickster, by tricking him into years of service to marry Rachel.

[[folder:Joseph, son of Jacob ]]
->''Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he was the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of many colors.''

The firstborn son of Jacob's favored wife Rachel, and Jacob's eleventh child overall. After being sold into slavery to Egypt by his jealous brothers, he works his way into becoming the Pharaoh's chancellor.
* AnnoyingYoungerSibling: The 17-year-old Joseph tell tales about his brothers to his father and openly announces his dreams of ruling over them. Thankfully, [[TookALevelInKindness he becomes nicer]] over time.
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: "Joseph was handsome in form and appearance." Additionally, according to Muslim tradition, "One half of all the beauty God apportioned for mankind went to Joseph; the other one half went to the rest of mankind."
* BigBrotherInstinct: Joseph's reaction on seeing Benjamin for the first time in more than 20 years: "God be gracious to you, my son."[[HeartwarmingMoments He then has to leave the room to regain his composure]].
* BureaucraticallyArrangedMarriage: Joseph's marriage with Asenath seems to be an example of this. However, in view of Joseph's monogamy, the birth of his two sons, and the absence of any contrary statement in the Bible, it could also be a PerfectlyArrangedMarriage.
* ChasteHero: He resisted the advances of his master Potiphar's wife.
* ChickMagnet: {{Implied}} in the biblical episode involving Potiphar's wife. Dwelt on in much greater detail in the Islamic tradition, where women are so [[DistractedByTheSexy distracted by his good looks]] that they cut their hands while peeling apples when he is around.
* CompletelyUnnecessaryTranslator: To conceal his true identity, Joseph uses an interpreter to speak to his brothers.
* DramaticIrony: The brothers insist before the Vizier of Egypt that they are "honest men". They don't realize that the Vizier is the brother whose death they faked after having sold him into slavery 20 years ago.
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: God gives this to several people including Joseph, though only Joseph has the gift of interpreting them.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Joseph's life story.
* {{Forgiveness}}: Joseph's forgiveness of his brothers brings to an end generations of SiblingRivalry, which began with CainAndAbel, and continued through Jacob and Esau, and then Rachel and Leah.
* FramingTheGuiltyParty: Joseph's accusations of espionage and theft against his brothers are completely false. But his brothers see this as retribution for what they did to him years earlier, and feel that they are being justly punished.
--> Judah: ''[to Joseph, unaware of his true identity]'' What can we say, my lord? How can we defend ourselves? God has uncovered our guilt.
* GivingThemTheStrip: He escapes from the clutches of a [[ReadyForLovemaking rather enthusiastic]] Mrs. Potiphar by leaving his garment in her hands. The garment ends him up in prison.
* TheGoodChancellor: He saves countless lives and livestock through his efficient administration during the seven years of famine. HarsherInHindsight, though, as his economic policies result in the State gaining ownership over all privately owned property, which wasn't a problem until later when it was in the hands of [[TheParanoiac the Pharaoh who first oppressed the Hebrews]].
* GoodIsNotSoft: Joseph persists with ThePlan (see XanatosGambit below) despite the obvious pain it causes his brothers and father.
* GuileHero: No matter where he is placed, Joseph finds a way to climb to the top of the organisation through sheer intelligence, charisma, and competence. His administration over the 7 years of plenty and 7 years of famine ensures that the entire nation survives. Moreover, he lays a successful trap for his brothers to find out if they have really changed over the years.
* HypercompetentSidekick: Joseph became one to Potiphar, then to his warden in prison, and eventually to Pharaoh; he was so efficient that Potiphar and the warden felt they didn't need to supervise him, and Potiphar even lost track of all his affairs because Joseph took care of them all.
* InUniverseCatharsis: After twenty years of estrangement, Joseph [[InelegantBlubbering cries uncontrollably]] at the moment of his reconciliation with his brothers.
* MadeASlave: By his brothers.
* MatzoFever: He unwittingly infected Potiphar's wife with this.
* NoDoubtTheYearsHaveChangedMe: His brothers last saw him being caravanned off to a life of slavery. Twenty years later, he is the second-most powerful man in Egypt and is effectively running the famine-struck country.
* NotSoStoic: He bears his own slavery and imprisonment with fortitude but breaks down in ManlyTears several times when dealing with his own family.
* OhCrap: The brothers fall into a StunnedSilence after Joseph's self-revelation. It takes several reassurances and [[CooldownHug Cooldown Hugs]] from Joseph to coax them back into speech.
* ParentalFavoritism: He was the favorite son of Jacob, being the first child of his favorite wife. Joseph himself [[{{Averted}} averts]] this trope in relation to his own two children, Manasseh and Ephraim. He isn't very happy when Jacob resorts to his old habit of [[YoungestChildWins favoring the younger child]] by giving the greater blessing to Ephraim.
* RagsToRiches: He eventually becomes second in power to Pharaoh, and is sometimes described as being a prince.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: ZigZagged. As the Vizier of Egypt, Joseph acts like TheGoodChancellor and is ultimately praised by the people for saving their lives. However, when dealing with his brothers (before having revealed his true identity), Joseph takes full advantage of his power and makes them suffer for what they did to him.
* RequisiteRoyalRegalia: A small-scale version: the fancy robe Jacob gave him is believed to traditionally signify a father's choice of successor as head of the family. And of course, he got the real deal when Pharaoh made him second-in-command of all Egypt.
* ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem / ScrewTheRulesImDoingWhatsRight: Joseph's cat-and-mouse game with his brothers - in which he detains them on false charges and planted evidence - may be classified as either of these.
* TheStoolPigeon: He gave bad reports of his half-brothers to their father.
* ThrownDownAWell: This was the brothers' original plan regarding how to dispose of Joseph, until Judah suggested that they might as well [[MadeASlave sell him]].
* WoundedGazelleGambit: Leaving his [[GivingThemTheStrip garment in Mrs. Potiphar's hands]] was ''not'' a good idea, as Joseph discovered, for it made it difficult to convince anyone that [[NotWhatItLooksLike it wasn't what it looked like]].
* XanatosGambit: By forcing his brothers to decide whether they will allow Benjamin to be enslaved to guarantee their own safety, Joseph ensures that there are only two possible outcomes (both in his favor). '''Outcome A:''' The brothers, caring little for Benjamin, leave him in Egypt, in which case Joseph is re-united with his one full brother; '''Outcome B:''' The brothers, having [[TookALevelInKindness gained in moral character]] since the time they sold Joseph, refuse to part with Benjamin, in which case Joseph reconciles with ''all'' of them. Happily for all parties, Outcome B eventuates.
* YoungestChildWins: Naturally, in keeping with several generations of family tradition. Though he's not really the youngest of Jacob's children, let alone his sons, he is one of the youngest.

The fourth child of Jacob and Leah, and Jacob's fourth child overall. While not the most prominent of the brothers in Genesis, he lends his name to the word "Judaism."
* TheAtoner: Earlier, he sold his father's favorite son into slavery. Later, he is remorseful enough to pledge his own freedom to save his father's ''other'' favorite son.
* BedTrick: Subject to Tamar's.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: In the long-run, it's Judah's descendants[[labelnote:*]]Such as King David, or [[UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}} a certain man from Bethlehem]][[/labelnote]] who become the most illustrious. During his lifetime, his brother Joseph is TheHero.
* HeroicSacrifice: He offers himself as a slave to Joseph in exchange for Benjamin's freedom to [[TheAtoner avoid breaking his father's heart a second time]]. What makes this even more impressive is that Judah is resigned to the fact that his mother [[AlwaysSecondBest Leah's children will always be worth less in Jacob's eyes than Rachel's children]].
* {{Hypocrite}}: Is willing to put Tamar to death for adultery despite having slept with some random prostitute himself. Upon realizing that ''she'' was the prostitute he [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone realizes his error]].
* MadeASlave: He was the one to suggest selling Joseph into slavery.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: He almost had Tamar put to death for adultery before realizing that he was the one at fault.
* OnlySaneMan: During times of crisis, it's Judah who finds the sensible proposals. He manages to persuade Jacob to let Benjamin go with them to Egypt. In Egypt, it's again Judah who takes the initiative and bargains for Benjamin's freedom with Joseph.
* ParentalFavoritism: While Jacob favored his children with Rachel overall, Judah was the favorite among those not mothered by her, and he was given the greatest blessing of the brothers. This is because his older brothers Reuben, Simeon, and Levi did things that Jacob didn't like (the former slept with their father's handmaid, the latter two killed the people of Shechem).
* RousingSpeech: Judah's famous monologue of HeroicSacrifice proves to be the catalyst to the family's reconciliation, causing Joseph to break down in ManlyTears.

The second and last child of Jacob and Rachel, whose birth killed his mother.
* BigBrotherInstinct: Benjamin evokes this response in Joseph. One of the motivations behind Joseph's XanatosGambit is to rescue Benjamin from his half-brothers if it turns out they have been treating him as poorly as they treated Joseph.
* ParentalFavoritism: Benjamin is subjected to this nearly as much as Joseph was before him. However, fortunately, his brothers don't hate him for it.
* ReplacementGoldfish: After Joseph's disappearance, Jacob takes to Benjamin as his "replacement" favorite, as Benjamin is his OneTrueLove Rachel's only other son. However, given that Jacob continues to mourn for Joseph despite keeping Benjamin close to him, it is {{implied}} that Benjamin remains AlwaysSecondBest.
* TheVoiceless: Despite being the subject of monumental [[{{angst}} angsting]] and drama for three chapters, Benjamin doesn't get even ''one'' spoken word of dialogue. The only time he isn't just a passive figure and ''does'' something is when he returns Joseph's embrace and cries. Otherwise, he is only mentioned to demonstrate the feelings or moral progress of other characters, such as Jacob's [[ReplacementGoldfish bereavement]], Joseph's BigBrotherInstinct or Judah's CharacterArc.

[[folder:Jacob's other sons]]
The twelve sons of Jacob are: Reuben[[note]]mothered by Leah[[/note]], Simeon[[note]]mothered by Leah[[/note]], Levi[[note]]mothered by Leah[[/note]], Judah, Dan[[note]]mothered by Rachel's handmaid Bilhah[[/note]], Naphtali[[note]]mothered by Rachel's handmaid Bilhah[[/note]], Gad[[note]]mothered by Leah's handmaid Zilpah[[/note]], Asher[[note]]mothered by Leah's handmaid Zilpah[[/note]], Issachar[[note]]mothered by Leah[[/note]], Zebulun[[note]]mothered by Leah[[/note]], Joseph, and Benjamin. This section accounts for the brothers who don't already have their own folder.
* BashBrothers / RedOniBlueOni: Simeon & Levi.
* BilingualBackfire: The brothers recall their betrayal of Joseph in front of the Vizier of Egypt, who doesn't speak Canaanite, [[NoDoubtTheYearsHaveChangedMe or so they think]].
* BlackSheep: Dan is seen as this. He hated Joseph the most (folklore) and his land is associated with evil (Jeremiah). His most famous descendant is Literature/{{Samson}}.
* GangOfHats: The tribe of Levi are all priests.
* HotBlooded: Simeon.
* IncestIsRelative: Reuben slept with the mother of 2 of his half-brothers. This led to him losing his birthright as firstborn.
* JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope: Early on, the brothers have an arguable case against AnnoyingYoungerSibling Joseph, who comes across as something of a SpoiledBrat. After their [[MoralEventHorizon selling of Joseph]] they lose the reader's sympathy until Joseph makes them suffer.
* OpenMouthInsertFoot: Poor Ruben, through and through. A prime example of this trope is when Ruben tries to persuade Jacob to let Benjamin travel with him to Egypt. As an indication of his sincerity, he tells Jacob he will let ''both his own sons be killed'' if he can't bring Benjamin back. Needless to say, Jacob isn't persuaded.
* OutOfFocus: This is especially true of the sons of the concubines. Despite being [[TheUnfavorite The Unfavorites]], most of Leah's sons get individual characteristics: Judah is the HeroOfAnotherStory, Ruben is the disgraced older brother, Dan is the BlackSheep, Simeon is a problem "wild child", Levi is the most pious one, Issachar is TheSmartGuy and Asher is the peacemaker. Do we know ''anything'' about Naphtali and Gad, other than their genealogy?
* PassedOverPromotion: Judah became leader of the brothers because of various stuff his three older brothers did.
* ThisBearWasFramed: To explain Joseph's disappearance to the rest of the clan, the brothers smear goat's blood on his coat and send it to their father, Jacob, who concludes that Joseph must have been torn apart by wild animals.
* TokenGoodTeammate:
** Judah was the one who suggested selling Joseph to slavery instead of killing him.
** Reuben was planning to take Joseph out of the pit and save him.

Jacob's thirteenth child, mothered by Leah, and Jacob's only known daughter. She was raped by a Hivite named Shechem, to which her brothers Simeon and Levi took major offense.
* GirlInABox: According to Jewish tradition, when her family went to visit Esau, Jacob was afraid Esau would want to marry her, so he locked her in a box. He is rebuked by {{God}} for doing so. According to this tradition, her destiny was to become Esau's wife (well, one of them, since by then he was already married to three pagan women), and serve as a MoralityPet for him.
* HostageSituation: Sort of. By custom, she was not allowed to leave the prince's tent by herself.
* IJustWantToHaveFriends: When she was abducted and raped by the prince, she was going out to visit the women of the land.
* RapeAsDrama
** RapeAndRevenge: Her brothers avenge her by killing the prince who did it, as well as every adult male in his village.
* ThirteenIsUnlucky: Is Jacob's 13th child, and...well, see above.
* TokenGirl: The only daughter born to Jacob.
** OutnumberedSibling
* UsefulNotes/VictimBlaming: Some blame ''her'' for the incident, citing the fact that she dared to leave the relative safety of her family tent (i.e. the private sphere) and enter the public one. Thus, her tale has been used in some traditions as a cautionary warning for women to StayInTheKitchen.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: We never know what happens to her after her brothers rescue her from Shechem, making her a tragic OneSceneWonder. Some Midrashic tales say that Dinah gave birth to Shechem's daughter, who was spirited away to Egypt to be raised as the daughter of Potiphera, Priest of On, and that it was this daughter, Asenath, who was given in marriage to Joseph. The rather UnfortunateImplications of this tale is that it puts Joseph in a [[{{Squick}} squicky]] [[IncestIsRelative uncle-niece relationship]]. However, most scholars dismiss this story as a {{Fanon}} attempt to make Joseph's sons of pure Jewish lineage. Others believe that she married her brother Simeon (at her request), because [[DefiledForever no one would want her now that she was no longer a virgin]]. According to this school of thought, it was a SexlessMarriage, simply to ensure that she would be provided for and protected.

[[folder:Tamar (daughter-in-law of Judah)]]
Originally the wife of Judah's first two sons, but God put them both to death because of their wickedness. After Judah refuses to give her to his third son, she tricks Judah into sleeping with her.
* BedTrick: Tricked Judah into sleeping with her by disguising herself as a prostitute.
* CartwrightCurse: She married Judah's first son, who died. Then she married Judah's second son, who practiced coitus interruptus and was killed by God as punishment.
* [[GuileHero Guile Heroine]]: Tamar turns the odds in her favor despite being a neglected, powerless widow trying to get a fair deal from the head of the family in a patriarchal society.
* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: Briefly. She impersonates a hooker as part of a ploy to get her stingy father-in-law to do as he'd agreed and provide her with a new husband.
* YoungestChildWins: Her younger son took his brother's place as first-born as they were being born.

[[folder:Pharaoh (Genesis)]]
The Pharaoh who imprisons Joseph, and later appoints him as his vizier.
* DreamingOfThingsToCome: God gave him two prophetic dreams that Joseph interpreted.
* NoNameGiven[=/=]EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: His real name is never given. Pharaoh is a title.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted, there are other Pharaohs mentioned. In fact, it's likely that Joseph served under multiple Pharaohs.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: He seems to appreciate Joseph a lot and is kind to his family when they arrive. He was willing to accommodate Joseph's relatives in Goshen, a particularly fertile area of Egypt where they would be able to graze their flocks (and also where they would be separate from the Egyptian populace, as Egyptians tended to look down on shepherds).