[[WMG:King Ahasuerus]]
* ARoundOfDrinksForTheHouse: Throws a lavish six-month party for all his subjects (especially the upper classes) in celebration of his victory.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Vashti refusing to appear before his guests results in him kicking her out of the place and issuing an edict declaring that the father is the head of the family and the one whose language should be learned by his children.
** To be fair, that was because he caved to pressure from his advisors. On the other hand, it's not like he ''had'' to make that choice.
* DrunkWithPower: He's all to eager to throw his weight around.
* ForgotICouldChangeTheRules: {{Averted}}. Once a rule is put into the law of the Medes and Persians, the king can ''not'' change it.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Either Xerxes I or Artaxerxes II.
* IdiotBall: Because he trusts Haman so much, he doesn't even bother to check which race he's being asked to wipe out. [[ButForMeItWasTuesday Maybe genocide was common for him]]?
* SlaveToPR: Relies quite heavily on his advisors...which isn't always a good thing.
* ToiletSeatDivorce: Divorces Vashti because she refused to make an appearance (possibly a naked appearance) at his banquet.
* WhatHaveIDone: Regrets sending Vashti away, but once a RoyalDecree was made in Ancient Persia, there was no taking it back.

[[WMG: Queen Vashti]]
->"And the king ordered his wife Vashti to appear before his guests wearing her crown, that he might display her beauty before them, but she came not."

* BeautyIsBad: Viewed by some as defiant and haughty
* {{Foil}}: To Esther
* MsFanservice: Averted; her husband asked her to come to his banquet to show her off, but she refused
* PutOnABus
* RomanticFalseLead
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: After she is banished from the empire, she is never mentioned again, and it is not known what happened to her.
* WorldsMostBeautifulWoman: So beautiful that her husband wants to show her off (according to some, wearing ''nothing except'' her crown)
* YouCanLeaveYourHatOn: One interpretation of her refusal to come to the party wearing her royal crown is that it was actually a request to wear ''only'' her crown.

[[WMG: Queen Esther]]
->''"I will go to the king, even if it is forbidden. And if I perish, I perish''"
* BeautyEqualsGoodness
* {{Guile Hero}}ine: Used her wits and good looks to save the Jews from Haman.
* HotConsort
* HelloNurse: And how.
* InformedJudaism: Her Jewishness is a major plot point, but she apparently passed as a non-Jew well enough that her own husband was surprised to find out her nationality.
* MoralityPet: Becomes this to Xerxes.
* NeverASelfMadeWoman: Saves her people through her husband, the king.
* PluckyGirl
* RagsToRiches
** RagsToRoyalty
* SecondLove: To Ahasuerus/Xerxes, the king
* SelfMadeMan: Manages to be quite successful even with a lack of miracles backing her up. Often used to drive home the point "God only helps when needed"
* StellarName: Her name means "star".
* TimeSkip: Esther's crowning was delayed by 4 years possibly because Xerxes was [[Film/ThreeHundred fighting those pesky Greeks]].
* WorldsMostBeautifulWoman: She was chosen as queen because she was regarded as the most beautiful woman in the Persian Empire. (Which did, in fact, stretch across much of the known world at that time.)
* YamatoNadeshiko

[[WMG: Mordechai]]
->"''See how the king rewards a man he wishes to honor!"''
* DudeWheresMyReward: It takes several years for him to get rewarded for saving the king's life.
* DefiantToTheEnd: He refuses to [[KneelBeforeZod kneel before Haman]], even under threat of death.
* OldMaster: To Esther.
* ParentalSubstitute: He took care of Esther after her parents died when she was a little girl
** WifeHusbandry: [[AvertedTrope Averted]], as he should have married her per the Jewish rules but didn't do so.
*** I'm not sure that's how the kinsman redeemer rules work. Esther's parents died when she was a child and Esther 2 says that Mordechai pretty much adopted his cousin, ensuring that Esther was taken care of.

[[WMG: Haman]]
->''"Who else would the king honor aside from me?"''
* BigBad: His plan to exterminate the Jewish race drives the plot and Esther's decisions.
* DeathByIrony / HoistByHisOwnPetard: Hanged on his own gallows that were built for Mordechai.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Tried to have Mordechai hanged just because he refused to bow to him.
** Also tried to exterminate the entire Hebrew race just because one Jew refused to kneel to him.
* EvilChancellor
* HumiliationConga: Haman's comeuppance is a fairly epic one. First he has to give an elaborate parade to publicly honor his hated rival Mordechai, due to a misunderstanding where Haman was expecting himself to be the honoree. Then his fancy dinner with the king and queen turns out to be a trap to expose him as the villain. Then when he tries to plead for his life, the king [[NotWhatItLooksLike assumes he's trying to assault the queen]]. He winds up literally HoistByHisOwnPetard on the gallows he built for Mordechai. You almost feel sorry for the guy. Almost.
* LaserGuidedKarma: At the very same meeting when he tries to ask for Mordechai's death, he ends up accidentally telling the king to lavishly reward him and give him a parade in his honor. Haman ends up traveling through the city singing of Mordechai's heroism through his gritted teeth.
* KneelBeforeZod: He is completely furious that Mordechai, being a Jew, doesn't bow to him.
* NiceJobFixingItVillain: Haman's attempt at getting a death warrant for Mordechai becomes the occasion for giving Mordechai a long-overdue celebration for saving the king's life, much to Haman's dismay.
* OhCrap: Upon realizing that his queen (Esther) is one of the very people he plans to have massacred, right when she outs him to the king.
* {{Pride}}: As shown in the above quote. It backfires badly on him in a meeting where the king says he wants to lavishly reward someone for their services to him. Haman assumes the king is talking about him and suggests the reward of a parade celebrating their heroism... only to find to his horror the king is actually talking about his hated rival Mordechai.
* SmugSnake
* UnPerson: During ancient celebrations of Purim, people would bring stones or slabs of wood with Haman's name on them. When he is mentioned the audience would use chisels and hammers to deface his name.
** This is also ostensibly the reason that, in modern celebrations of Purim, AudienceParticipation responds to his name with boos and jeers and loud noisemakers.
* VillainousBreakdown: Cried to his wife when he found out Mordechai was to be honored for uncovering a conspiracy years before.
** He also spent his last moments begging Esther for mercy. [[MistakenForMurderer It causes the king to think he's assaulting her]].