%% Zero Context Examples have been commented out.
%% Do not restore them without providing how the trope is used in the work.
[[caption-width-right:350: [[NightmareFuel The nightmare]] [[MindScrew begins]].]]

->''"Excuse me. Who are you?"''

''Perfect Blue'' is the film debut of director Creator/SatoshiKon, who would go on to produce other work investigating the boundary between the real and the imaginary such as ''Literature/{{Paprika}}'', ''Anime/ParanoiaAgent'' and ''Anime/MillenniumActress''.

Mima Kirigoe is a mildly-popular IdolSinger who decides to leave her group [[ContractualPurity to pursue a serious career as an actress]]. She manages to land a small role on a sexually-charged murder mystery series, but starts to struggle with the increasingly-intense demands of her part.

After her character [[RapeAsDrama is involved in a rape scene]], Mima discovers an internet blog supposedly written by herself, or rather, the "innocent" persona she used as an IdolSinger. Mima has no memory of writing such a thing, but the entries are far too accurate and personal to be a hoax. Is it a StalkerWithACrush? Has Mima developed a SplitPersonality? Or is something far more sinister afoot?

!!Provides examples of:

* ActingInTheDark: What the director of ''Double Bind'' does to his actors, making the parallels between the Mima and the character she plays in the movie even creepier as both start to suspect they are the killer.
* AnimatedAdaptation: Adapted from a novel.
* AssholeVictim: Pretty much everybody who got murdered, though the sheer brutality of their murders [[DisproportionateRetribution far outstripped any of the ways they'd wronged Mima]]. The one exception to this would be the one justifiable homicide committed in self-defense against a would-be rapist and murderer.
* AttemptedRape: Near the end of the film the stalker Me-Mania attempts to rape and kill Mima, [[spoiler:but she knocks him out by slamming a hammer into the side of his head.]]
* AuthorAppeal: In-universe - it's suggested that the seedier aspects of ''Double Bind'' are done largely so the screenwriter can indulge his own perverted fantasies.
* AxCrazy: Me-Mania, Mima at one point and [[spoiler:Rumi]].
* BarbieDollAnatomy: Averted. When Mima poses for nude photos, her pubic hair is shown and the cleft of the vulva is very briefly visible.
* BlandNameProduct: A "Niken" camera appears early on, but a "Nikon F4" camera shows up later. The Niken is actually an in-universe example, and only appears on the set of ''Double Bind''; the Nikon is the photographer's own camera.
* BreakTheCutie: Mima's sanity slowly erodes over the course of the movie as her identity is assaulted.
* CelebrityIsOverrated
* ChekhovsGun: The mention early on that [[spoiler:Rumi was a former idol singer herself.]]
* ContractualPurity: In-universe example, which has some ''horrible'' consequences.
* CuckooNest: One of the hallucinations indicates that Mima's DetectiveDrama character is the real person, and her "Mima" identity was fabricated as a coping mechanism to deal with being raped in a strip club (which may or may not have been part of the show she was working on). [[MindScrew At least, it was probably a hallucination]].
* {{Deconstruction}}: Of IdolSinger (via the stalker angle and the scenes depicting the ins and outs of the business and its consequences) and of {{Fanservice}}, as almost every significant instance of it has decidedly ugly undertones.
* DerangedAnimation
* DetectiveDrama: Mima's first post-singer role is as a rape victim in one of these.
* DevilInPlainSight: Me-Mania makes himself visible to Mima at CHAM's last performance, and several times thereafter.
* DreamWithinADream: Used multiple times (as well as showing us conversations or scenes that seem like they're really happening, only for a director to yell "cut!" ó the main character was just filming a scene in the television show she's in) to ramp up the suspense and paranoia that the main character feels.
* DullEyesOfUnhappiness: As Mima loses her grip on reality, she does this more and more often.
* DyingDream: Sometime after a near-death encounter with a truck, Mima speculates that this trope is in play as she doubts that she's really alive.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: In the end, when [[spoiler:visiting Rumi in the mental hospital]], we see that [[spoiler:Mima's not only a famous actress now, but also seems to be quite well-adjusted.]]
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: Me-Mania watches the CHAM performance with his hand outstretched and one eye closed, simulating the illusion that Mima is dancing in the palm of his hand. This sets the tone for his character throughout the film.
* ExtremeDoormat: Mima, at least for a good chunk of the movie.
* EyeScream: A man gets stabbed in the eye by a supposed pizza delivery guy. Another man is murdered, and later on his body is shown with the eye sockets all bloody and the eyes missing. [[spoiler:Me-Mania gets hit in the eye with a hammer.]] There's basically a sample of this in every murder.
* FanDisservice: Happens every single time there is nudity in the movie. There's the [[spoiler:rape scenes]], the scenes where Mima is getting photographed naked, etc.
* {{Foreshadowing}}:
** The fan letter [[FreezeFrameBonus briefly shown]] in the beginning of the film is actually an angry letter, complaining about the declining quality of Mimaís performances, and saying that Tadokoro Ď[[ThisIsUnforgivable will not be forgiven]]í.
** Rumi starts crying and leaves the studio during the rape scene.
* FreakOut: Mima, coming home at the end of a particular traumatic day after filming a rape scene, finds her beloved pet fish dead, and loses control for a moment, trashing her apartment. She ([[spoiler:as well as Rumi]]) has numerous moments where she freaks out throughout the rest of the movie.
* GlamourFailure: When [[spoiler:Rumi is chasing after Mima]], we see [[spoiler:the fake Mima elegantly prancing after Mima]] while the reflection on the store windows in the background shows [[spoiler:Rumi running and looking quite grotesque and noticeably out of breath]].
* AGlassInTheHand: Mima does this with a teacup at one point.
* GoMadFromTheRevelation: [[spoiler:Rumi]], as a result of [[spoiler:her delusion coming crashing down and failing to kill Mima]], is seen permanently delusional and institutionalized at a mental hospital.
* {{Gonk}}: Arguably a few characters due to the art style, but most definitely Me-Mania (see NightmareFace below).
* GroinAttack: One of the murder victims is repeatedly stabbed in the crotch with a screwdriver.
* HarassingPhoneCall: After Mima converts to acting from her pop-idol career, she receives at least one threatening message and phone call [[spoiler:(each from her stalker Me-Mania)]].
* IdolSinger:
** Mima, Yukiko and Rei, making up the idol group CHAM.
** Rumi was one when she was younger.
* IJustWantToBeYou: [[spoiler:Rumi]] is like this toward [[spoiler:Mima]] by the end.
* ImprovisedWeapon: An umbrella, in this case.
* InternetMimic: [[spoiler:Rumi]] posing as [[spoiler:Mima]].
* JerkAss: The punks at the beginning of the film making a scene at CHAM's final performance with Mima.
* JumpCut: Faster and faster as [[spoiler:Mima loses her grip on reality]].
* KansaiRegionalAccent: Mima and her mother both use the Kansai dialect in their phone conversation in the beginning.
* KillTheCutie: Both [[spoiler:Me-Mania and Rumi]] come very close to killing [[spoiler:Mima]].
* LoonyFan: Me-Mania is an obsessied stalker of Mima.
* MadonnaWhoreComplex / [[MyGirlIsNotASlut My Celebrity Crush Is Not A Slut]]: Me-Mania seems to have this issue.
* TheManBehindTheMan: [[spoiler:Me-Mania]] turns out to be working for [[spoiler:Rumi]].
* TheManInTheMirrorTalksBack: The CHAM-costumed version of Mima that harasses and berates her.
* MeanCharacterNiceActor: When Mima's ''Double Bind'' character is manhandled and raped by a rowdy crowd, the actor playing said rapist quietly stammers "I'm so sorry." between takes.
* MindScrew: Until the climax, which partially serves as a MindScrewdriver, until the WhamLine. It gets worse when you notice [[spoiler:Mima was singing her solo at the beginning in Rumiís voice]].
* TheMirrorShowsYourTrueSelf: In the final confrontation between [[spoiler:Mima and her alter ego, both Mima and the audience see the alter ego as the phantom IdolSinger Mima that has been haunting Mima. Only the mirror reflection shows the truth ó that it's really Rumi dressed up as Mima.]]
** Inverted in the mental hospital - [[spoiler:Mima (and the audience) see Rumi in real life, and her reflection in the window is IdolSinger Mima, demonstrating that Mima has moved past the movie's events while Rumi is still stuck in her delusion.]]
* NapoleonDelusion: Non-Napoleon example. [[spoiler:Rumi, Mima's manager,]] increasingly comes to believe that [[spoiler:she is Mima.]]
* NeverFoundTheBody: Seems to be the case with [[spoiler:Me-Mania]] at first, then subverted pretty hard.
* NightmareFace:
** Me-Mania's face is visibly deformed.
** There is a more subtle case with [[spoiler:Rumi]], whose eyes are just a little ''too'' far apart from each other.
* NotAllowedToGrowUp: While not as extreme as many examples, Mima's persona in CHAM! seems very deliberately girlish and childlike. Her attempts to overcome this trope are what sets the plot in motion.
* NotHimself: [[spoiler:Both Mima and Rumi.]]
%%* NothingIsScarier
* OneWomanWail: Used in the song 'Virtua Mima'.
* OperaGloves: The CHAM costumes have these.
* OrWasItADream: A repeated narrative device in the movie.
* {{Otaku}}: In this case there's an otaku for Mima.
* PantyShot: We receive one from [[spoiler:Rumi]] near the end while she is wearing the pop idol outfit. It is ''definitely'' FanDisservice considering she just accidentally impaled herself on a broken mirror and is struggling to walk.
* ParasolOfPain: ''Umbrellas are not meant to be used that way, [[spoiler:Rumi.]]''
%%* PersonalHorror
* PublicExposure: Mima poses for a photographer who gradually convinces her to undress.
* PunnyName: "Me-Mania" is "Mimania" is "[[StalkerWithACrush Mima mania]]".
%%* PsychologicalHorror
* PsychoSupporter: [[spoiler:Me-Mania.]]
* RealitySubtext: [[ShowWithinAShow In universe]]: When they finish shooting "Double Bind", everyone congratulates Mima on her performance as a mentally disturbed woman [[spoiler:with a split personality]]. She may have been that good because she herself has... issues.
* RoomFullOfCrazy:
** Me-Mania's room is full of pictures of Mima.
** [[spoiler:Rumi's room]] looks like an exact copy of [[spoiler:Mima's room]]
* SaveTheVillain: [[spoiler:Mima to Rumi]] at the end.
* ShoutOut:
** In Mima's first acting role, two characters in the scene discuss a serial killer who removes his victims' skin because he wants to be a woman. That plot sounds [[Literature/TheSilenceOfTheLambs a little familiar]].
** Tadakoro also mentions "[[Creator/JodieFoster Jodie whatshername]]" in a later conversation about Mima's career. He was specifically referring to ''Film/TheAccused'', in which Foster plays a rape victim.
* ShowerOfAngst: Mima takes a bath in the middle of the movie after all the shit she goes through.
** Notably, the copyright of the movie was bought [[DoingItForTheArt just to recreate this 30 second long scene in]] ''Literature/RequiemForADream''. Director Creator/DarrenAronofsky actually became friends with Kon over this.
* ShowWithinAShow: Extreme type 4 example, such that at times it's unclear whether what you're watching is happening to Mima or her character (or maybe both).
* SocietyMarchesOn: When the film was originally released in 1998, the Internet was still a relatively new phenomenon. Today, the scene where Rumi explains to Mima how computers and e-mails work is either amusing or redundant.
* SoftGlass:
** Averted: [[spoiler:Rumi]] gets a serious cut from leaning through a broken window.
** Played straight when that window (one in a storefront, no less) was completely shattered in the first place by being ''hit by an umbrella.''
** Also averted when [[spoiler:the photographer is murdered]].
* SoundtrackDissonance:
** How the hell can they play something as upbeat as "Season" over the end credits of a movie this horrific?
** The light, happy bubblegum J-pop tune "Ai No Tenshi" underscores the gruesome carnage throughout the movie. It's even heard when [[spoiler:Double Bind's writer, Shibuya, got killed]].
* SplitPersonality:
** [[spoiler:Rumi]], at least.
** Another disorder related to schizophrenia, called ''[[http://www.health.am/psy/shared-psychotic-disorder/ Folie ŗ deux]]''. The subjective nature of a person's image and how it may differ from that actual person, possibly even taking on a life of its own, is one of the major points of the film.
* StalkerShrine: [[spoiler:Rumi's room]] is an exact replica of [[spoiler:Mima's room]].
* StalkerWithACrush: Me-Mania is obsessed with Mima.
* StepfordSmiler: Both [[spoiler:Mima]] (Type A) and [[spoiler:Rumi]] (Type C).
* StylisticSuck: The show-within-a-show ''Double Bind'' features abundant sex and violence and [[FollowTheLeader borrows rather heavily]] from other well-known psychological thrillers.
* TearsOfFear: [[spoiler:Mima during the rape scene, during her Freak Out moment after returning to her apartment, and as she's running for her life from Rumi.]]
* ThroughTheEyesOfMadness: Creator/SatoshiKon ''loves'' this one.
* TroubledFetalPosition: Mima does this while having a bath, underwater.
* UnreliableNarrator: Mima.
* UnwittingPawn: Me-Mania for [[spoiler:Rumi.]]
* TheVoiceless: Me-Mania.
* WhamLine: The final line in the film.
-->[[spoiler:'''Mima:''' (''In Rumiís voice'') Iím the real one.[[labelnote:Japanese]]あたしは本物だよ。[[/labelnote]]]]
* [[spoiler:WhiteDwarfStarlet: Mima's overweight, middle-aged female manager Rumi]] was a former pop idol who didn't last [[spoiler:and now thinks she's the real Mima]].
* XMeetsY: Creator/WaltDisney meets Creator/AlfredHitchcock, according to Creator/RogerCorman.
* YouWouldMakeAGreatModel: Happens to Mima's character in ''[[ShowWithinAShow Double Bind]]''.
* ZettaiRyouiki: The CHAM costumes feature this as well.