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'''''Ghost in the Shell''''', MamoruOshii's 1995 animated film adaption of Creator/ShirowMasamune's [[Manga/GhostInTheShell classic manga]] about a cyborg policewoman in PostCyberpunk Hong Kong, condenses the original manga's plot by focusing entirely on the "Puppet Master" story; it also takes a much more serious tone than the manga. The film's visuals, action sequences, and (controversially) large amount of both [[ContemplateOurNavels philosophical ponderings]] and {{technobabble}} all but defined Western conceptions of {{anime}} for the better part of a decade.

The film's story takes place in a post cyberpunk future where cybernetic bodies have become the norm and society conceptualizes a person's mind/soul as their "Ghost". Major Motoko Kusanagi, a female cyborg and the leader of a covert government task-force specializing in cybercrime, finds her team chasing a notorious hacker called "Puppet Master" who "cyber-hacks" the brains of innocent people and implants memories to turn them into his unwitting accomplices.

The 2004 sequel, ''[=GiTS=] 2: Innocence'', revolves around Motoko's team working to solve a rash of murders involving berserk robots while dealing with her absence. This film featured heavy use of integrated CGI and cel animation -- and it explored the UncannyValley even further than the first film.

A remastered version of the film, ''Ghost in the Shell 2.0'', saw the light of day in 2009; among other changes to the film, this version mixed in modern-day CGI with the original animation (in the vein of ''Innocence''), all under the supervision of Oshii. (A high-definition transfer of the original version of the film came with the Blu-ray version of ''2.0''.)

The Wachowskis cite the first film as a direct influence on the ''[[Franchise/TheMatrix Matrix]]'' films, so much so that even the Wachowskis themselves think of ''Ghost in the Shell'' as ''The Matrix'''s spiritual predecessor.

This film has no relation to the TV series ''Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex'' other than the source material.

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!! ''Ghost in the Shell'' contains examples of the following tropes:

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:Tropes specific to GITS and GITS 2.0]]
* ActionPrologue
* AnArmAndALeg:
** At the climax of the movie, Kusanagi is under attack from a huge SpiderTank. She tries to wrench open the tank's access hatch, and instead rips her own arms off at mid-bicep.
** Batou also loses half his arm when shot by a sniper rifle.
* AndTheAdventureContinues: The ending implies this when [[spoiler: the Major/Puppetmaster leave Batou's home to face an unknown future]].
-->''And where does the newborn go from here? The Net is vast and infinite.''
* AntiVillain: The Puppet Master: wanted cybercriminal, or [[spoiler: sentient being that just wants to be treated the same as everyone else]]?
* AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence: [[spoiler: Motoko/the Puppet Master.]]
* AssInAmbassador: Chief Nakamura of Section 6. For such an important diplomat, he sure is tactless.
* BadassLongcoat: Batou wears a trenchcoat frequently, as does Kusanagi at times.
* BarbieDollAnatomy: The occasional nipple or two are shown, but the downstairs always stay barbie. See NippleAndDimed below.
** Potentially justified, given the only naked bodies we see are of full prosthetic ones. Nipples would be purely cosmetic, but there's no need for genitalia if the body is not meant for sexual activity. The Major in particular is usually remarked upon as having a body that looks "stock" but is actually packed with military-grade hardware.
* BigDamnHeroes: Batou saving Kusanagi from the SpiderTank.
* BlackHelicopter: Section 6 comes after the Puppet Master with snipers in helicopters at the climax of the film.
* BloodFromTheMouth: The criminal that Kusanagi beats up, who turns out to be ghost-hacked.
* BoomHeadshot: The diplomat in the opening scene. It isn't pretty.
** Also [[spoiler: the Puppet Master's borrowed body]] at the end.
** And again with the driver of the decoy car who gets shot through the windshield. Utter bloody mess.
* BrainUploading: The Puppet Master installs its own ghost into an empty body. [[spoiler: And at the end of the film, into Kusanagi's when the body is destroyed.]]
* BrainwashedAndCrazy: The sanitation worker who's trying to hack into a government official's brain turns out to have been under the control of the Puppet Master and has no recollection of anything (see MindRape).
* BriefcaseBlaster:
** The bodyguards in the opening scene who pull hidden submachine guns out of their briefcases.
** Later in the film, Kusanagi [[IKEAWeaponry assembles a gun from parts inside a briefcase.]]
* ByTheBookCop: Batou, in contrast to Kusanagi. Of course, he's practically a CowboyCop by anyone else's standards. Togusa is the most straightlaced of the team.
* TheCityNarrows: [[UrbanSegregation Rundown ghettos exist alongside gleaming office towers]].
** CityOfCanals
* CloningBlues: Kusanagi, when she sees how similar she is to the Puppet Master's "shell" (they were made by the same MegaCorp). In one scene, she [[AloneInACrowd wanders around the city alone]] and notices just how many people look like her, including a mannequin.
* CoolCar: Several.
* CoolGuns: Many. For example, the thug the Major chases down carries an Uzi while she uses an FN-P90 painted black. The animators [[ShownTheirWork worked hard to get the details right]].
* CoolShades: The Major often wears them, as do quite a few of the government's {{mooks}}. Batou's artificial eyes give off this effect as well.
* CreepyMonotone: The Puppet Master sounds like this at times.
* CripplingOverspecialization: Discussed. When Togusa asks the Major why she brought him along on a mission, she replies that his different skill set as an organic will balance out the team. [[spoiler: This foreshadows the Puppet Master's reasons for wanting to merge with her.]]
* CutAndPasteTranslation: In the Japanese original voice-track, Kusanagi had "noise in her brain" because of her monthlies (just like in the [[Manga/GhostInTheShell manga]]). In the English dub, it was "a loose wire". See also NoPeriodsPeriod below.
* CyberneticsEatYourSoul: Mostly averted, since the characters are treated like regular people most of the time. However, they still wonder if they're [[AmbiguouslyHuman really human or not]].
* DarkenedBuildingShootout: The climax of the film, which appears to be set in a museum of some sort.
* DarkerAndEdgier: Compared to the [[Anime/GhostInTheShellStandAloneComplex series]] and to a lesser extent, the manga. Most of the comic relief is dropped, and what little remains is much [[BlackComedy darker in nature]]. The characters, all of whom are quite talkative in the manga, become morose and introspective. The visuals are very dark as well, with most outdoor scenes taking place either at night or under [[CyberpunkWithAChanceOfRain overcast skies]].
* DarkSkinnedBlond: Batou.
* {{Depower}}: [[spoiler:Subverted; Kusanagi may be in a child's cyborg body at the end of the film, but mentally...]]
* DigitizedHacker: The Puppet Master is a variation on the trope. He ''is'' technically digitized, but [[spoiler:only because he was never human to begin with]].
* DoAndroidsDream
* EinsteinHair: Chief Aramaki has it.
* EmotionlessGirl: Kusanagi comes across this way at first, but she's really more of a [[SugarAndIceGirl Sugar and Ice Girl]].
* EtherealChoir: The film's recurring theme, which plays over the opening credits, is sung ''a capella'' over percussion. The lyrics are in archaic Japanese and are derived from a wedding chant, which ties into a theme (the marriage of humans and machines) of the film.
* EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: Kusanagi is still called "Major" despite not holding that rank at the time of the film, out of respect.
* EverythingIsOnline: Even garbage trucks.
* EvolutionaryLevels: [[FauxSymbolism As hinted by]] the mural showing humanity's evolutionary heritage and implying cyborgs are the next step.
* ExplosiveInstrumentation: Subverted. It seems like the Puppet Master makes the computer banks explode when it's recovered from Section 9 headquarters, but it's actually Section 6 {{mooks}} using thermoptic camouflage.
* ExplosiveOverclocking: The high-velocity rounds used by a criminal overload the firing mechanism of his gun, ruining the barrel.
* FaceNodAction: The ambassador's two guards, just before firing on the police.
* FakeMemories: A man's entire past (including his family) is revealed to have been implanted by hackers. He's grief-stricken when he finds out.
* FantasticNuke: A talented computer programmer is considered to be almost like a WeaponOfMassDestruction in this setting. They're even subject to ''arms treaties''.
* FantasticRacism: When the Puppet Master requests asylum, the response of the government officials is to [[spoiler: deny it's a sentient being, though it clearly is]]. Interestingly, cyborgs seem to suffer no such discrimination, only androids (most likely because cyborgs are human in spite of their modifications, but androids are artificial).
* FastRoping
* FriendlyLocalChinatown: A chase scene is set in one, compete with the obligatory knocking over of a FruitCart.
* FullFrontalAssault: The opening scene and others in which the Major wears an InvisibilityCloak.
* GasMaskMooks: Section 6 uses them liberally.
* AGlitchInTheMatrix
* {{Gorn}}: Lots of it, including people being shot with high-powered sniper rifles and [[spoiler: Kusanagi's body being torn to shreds]].
* GovernmentAgencyOfFiction: Section 6, Section 9 and others.
* GutFeeling
-->'''Motoko:''' "My ghost is whispering to me."
* HannibalLecture: The Puppet Master gives one to Nakamura when captured by Section 6, coupled with a MotiveRant.
-->'''Puppet Master''': [[ContemplateOurNavels And can you offer me proof of your existence?]] How can you, when neither modern science nor philosophy can explain what life is?
* HearingVoices: When both Motoko and Batou hear the voice of the Puppet Master reciting the passage from Literature/TheBible, "But for now we see through a glass darkly." He uneasily asks her if she's the one who said it.
* HeroicRROD: See AnArmAndALeg above.
* IKEAWeaponry: Motoko assembles a more powerful rifle from a suitcase to take on the SpiderTank -- for all the good it does.
* ImprobableAimingSkills: Not that much, but there are a few examples, such as shooting out a car's tires or being able to hit a moving vehicle in the license plate. Possibly justified by cyborgs with augmented reflexes doing the shooting.
** Not in the plate's case; Togusa's fully human aside from a basic head-computer. He's just that damn good.
* InfraredXrayCamera: Both types show up in the film.
* InnocentFanserviceGirl: Major Kusanagi seems to get naked quite a lot while she's on the job. As a RobotGirl, she doesn't have any inhibitions about it either.
* InstantAIJustAddWater: [[spoiler: The Puppet Master is a government experiment in strong AI that became sentient on its own.]]
* InterserviceRivalry: Section 6 (foreign relations) vs. Section 9 (counter-terrorism).
* InvisibilityFlicker: The Major's cloaking device briefly displays her when attacking, a concept that was borrowed by ''PerfectDark''.
* LudicrousGibs: The foreign diplomat shot by Kusanagi in the opening scene practically explodes. His spine can be seen for a brief moment.
* MegaCorp: Several. The one that made Section 9's cyborg bodies is even called Megatech.
* MentalFusion: [[spoiler:Kusanagi and Project 2501]].
* MindRape: "Ghost-hacking", or essentially hacking into a person's brain in order to force them to commit crimes. Some sequences indicate just how it looks to the hijacked individual - it's chillingly unclear where the individual's true perception ends and the hack begins until the connection breaks down.
* MobileSuitHuman: Cyborgs are more or less brains in robot bodies (and not even all of their brains may be original, as they speculate).
* MoreDakka: All over the place. There are the submachine guns that Section 9 carries, the SpiderTank's [[GatlingGood miniguns]], and a criminal who uses armor-piercing bullets in a Micro Uzi.
* MrExposition: Batou usually fills this role.
* MySignificanceSenseIsTingling: "Just a feeling. A whisper from my ghost."
* NeuralImplanting
* NeverGetsDrunk: During the diving scene, when Motoko starts [[ContemplateOurNavels getting philosophical]] about herself, Batou asks her if she's drunk. She responds that as a cyborg, their bodies can fully process alcohol in less than 10 seconds when ordered to do so, so they could even be drunk while waiting for contact from work but respond to the call fully sober.
* NippleAndDimed: We see the occasional uncensored nipples, but no genitals are drawn. See BarbieDollAnatomy above.
* NoPeriodsPeriod: Was censored out of the English dub. See also CutAndPasteTranslation above.
* NoWaterProofingInTheFuture: The cloaking devices also don't work when in contact with water, even when the user steps in a puddle.
* OlderThanTheyLook: At the end of the first film [[spoiler:Batou puts the Major combined with Project 2501]] into the body of a child. She asks if he goes for that sort of thing. He reminds her that he had to go to the black market - they didn't allow him the luxury to choose.
* [[OneManArmy One-Woman Army]]: Kusanagi is easily the most badass member of Section 9, taking on (and almost defeating) a giant robotic tank all on her own.
* OurGraphicsWillSuckInTheFuture: Kind of. Although there are very advanced-looking 3D monitors, the GPS system that Section 9 uses to track criminals is like a bare-bones Google Maps.
** Overlaps with TechnologyMarchesOn.
* ParkingGarage: Togusa is in one when he notices that a cloaked person or persons has snuck in behind the minister. [[spoiler: It's a team sent to capture the Puppet Master.]]
* PlatonicLifePartners: Motoko and Batou are close friends as well as coworkers, and in her case, perhaps her only real friend.
** Kind of. There are very subtle implications, such as the way Batou looks away when Kusanagi undresses and covers her with his jacket, that he may have unrequited feelings for her.
%%* PlotHole: This is pretty much inevitable when trying to {{co|mpressedAdaptation}}ndense a very large (and dense) manga into a two-hour film.
* PoweredArmor: The Section 9 members' enhanced bodies are more or less this, allowing them to perform all sorts of feats beyond normal human endurance.
* PrecisionFStrike: The producers of the English dub find the word "fuck" less offensive then mentioning a women's monthlies.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Chief Aramaki of Section 9.
* ResearchInc: Many companies, as it takes place TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture.
* RevolversAreJustBetter: [[BreakOutTheMuseumPiece As Togusa finds out]]. Apparently an entire clip from a 9mm can't pierce a car's frame, but a single slug from a revolver can. Justified in that the trace slug was meant for the far softer license plate.
** "With an automatic, you could have buried two trackers."
* RidiculouslyHumanRobots: Cyborg bodies can do practically anything human bodies can (including drinking alcohol and having sex) but are much stronger.
* {{Roofhopping}}: Section 9 does quite a bit of it, augmented by their cyborg bodies.
* RuleOfCool / {{Stripperiffic}}: Kusanagi goes into battle three times using her thermoptic camouflage bodysuit, which is tight enough to leave very little to the imagination. At the climax, it's revealed that she's not wearing anything underneath it.
* SayMyName: Batou, when Kusanagi [[spoiler: is shot by the police helicopter]].
* SchizoTech: Sentient AI and full-body replacements exist alongside satellite phones.
* StalkerWithACrush: The Puppet Master towards Motoko. It's joked about that he/it may be in love with her.
* SuperDrowningSkills: Kusanagi enjoys diving, a risky hobby for cyborgs, who rely on their floaters as a skydiver would their parachute
** A form of FridgeBrilliance, since her body was created in a tank full of transparent fluid.
* ThreePointLanding: The Major does a series of jumps to scale a building, and lands like this on the final jump with enough force to crumple the roof she lands on.
* TomatoInTheMirror: Kusanagi is motivated by a need to come to terms with her own humanity as a cyborg who must hunt down an artificial lifeform.
* TrackingDevice: Togusa implants one in a car with a TrickBullet (see RevolversAreJustBetter).
* VisibleInvisibility: The cloaking devices leave a faint outline of the wearer visible (see InvisibilityFlicker as well).
* WetwareBody: See MindRape.
* WetwareCPU: The Section 9 cyborgs have data input jacks in the backs of their necks which connect to their brains.
* WhatMeasureIsANonHuman: A central theme of the film.
* WhoWatchesTheWatchmen: Batou questions at one point how reliable the technicians who maintain their cyber-brains really are, which Aramaki dismisses.
* ZettaiRyouiki: The Major in the beginning of the movie wears thigh-high stockings under her cloak.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Tropes specific to Innocence]]
* AdaptationExpansion: The movie is a ''very'' loose adaptation of the chapter "Robot Rondo" from the original manga.
* ArcNumber: "2501." Batou knows [[spoiler: he's safe]] whenever he sees it. See DeusExMachina below.
* CallBack: Numerous references to the first movie:
** The opening credits sequence visually and musically echoes the "Making of A Cyborg" sequence from the first film, as does the mid-film montage of scenes in the city set to a reiterated version of the opening theme.
** The password to Batou's car is "2501", just like he said it was at the end of the first movie.
** During a conversation with Ishikawa, Batou remarks that "I liked you better when you were the quiet type", a humorous LampshadeHanging on the fact that Ishikawa only had a few lines of dialogue (most of them exposition) in movie #1.
** The "BAJIDU" brand dog food that appears briefly in the first film shows up again as Batou's brand of choice for Gabriel, even retaining the exact same package design.
** When Motoko first appears to Batou in Kim's mansion, she assumes the form of the child's body she had at the end of the first movie.
** After he's brain-hacked, Batou asks Togusa how he knows his wife and child aren't simulated experiences and he isn't just a bachelor living in an empty apartment, a reference to the experience of the Puppet Master victim whom Togusa had interrogated in the first film.
** When Batou dives underwater to infiltrate the Locus Solus factory, he remarks that he used to know a cyborg who went scuba diving in her spare time.
** After Kusanagi enters one of the gynoids and they take down the swarm of attackers together, Batou places his vest on the gynoid's naked body, just like he covered the nude Kusanagi with his jacket in the first film.
** During the climax of the film Motoko destroys the arms of the body she's occupying attempting to open a hatch. Just to cement the homage, the music in this scene briefly adopts the theme used at the climax of the first movie.
* DesignStudentsOrgasm: The entire movie.
* DeusExMachina: Averted. The Major coming back from {{Cyberspace}} to save Batou might appear to be one, but if you pay attention it's obvious that she's been watching him at least since [[spoiler:the convenience store; her voice warns him that he's on a kill-zone]]. Also, [[spoiler:the little girl sitting on the floor in Kim's mansion is the artificial body that Batou placed the melded Puppet Master/Major in at the end of the first movie, and her final comments imply that she is everywhere, and always looking after Batou]].
* DreamWithinADream: Togusa repeating the same scene thanks to a [[MindRape brain hack]].
* FanOfThePast: People in the future's obsession with the past is a recurring motif in the film, as demonstrated by the constant quotation of classic philosophy and literature and the striking festival sequence. In addition, there appears to be a popular market for 50's-style carshells constructed around modern electric vehicles.
* FateWorseThanDeath: The killer {{Fembot}} SexBot {{Geisha}} hookers are revealed to be [[spoiler: hosting copies of the ghosts of kidnapped young girls, in order to make them behave more like humans. Geez, no wonder they went berserk.]]
* FreezeFrameBonus: It's just for a second, but when Batou confronts the mob boss after having murdered a dozen thugs and defeated the cyborg with the "crab claw", the latter appears to have [[BringMyBrownPants crapped his pants]]!
* MobileFactory: The ship building {{gynoid}} [[SexBot geishas]] [[spoiler: that are actually cyborg {{Sex Slave}}s]].
* MoralityPet: Batou may be a cold, hardened antihero, but the innocent Gabriel brings out his humanity.
* NoKoreansInJapan: Kind-of averted; there are at least two explicitly Korean characters (Lim and Kim) and numerous Chinese characters in ''Innocence'', but it's never stated whether the movies are set in Japan to begin with. New Port City is modeled after Hong Kong (right down to having street signs written in Chinese characters), and even though the main characters all have Japanese names, the city's inhabitants appear to be a pan-Asian cultural melting pot. When Batou and Togusa visit the island of Etorofu (which is stated to have "iffy" territorial status), they witness a Taiwanese festival and encounter the aforementioned Koreans.
* PetTheDog: Batou has an entire scene dedicated to this, quite literally. Doubles as a SugarWiki/{{Heartwarming Moment|s}}.
* ShutUpHannibal: Togusa's response to a creepy cyborg dressed like him ranting about the UncannyValley. The final scene of the movie seems to imply that Togusa is resisting a valid but uncomfortable moral.
* ThreeLawsCompliant: The {{gynoid}} [[SexBot geishas]]...[[spoiler:at least, until a shipping inspector trying to free Locus Solus's imprisoned girls tampers with their "ethics code", leaving them free to kill others and themselves]].
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Tropes common to both movies]]
* ActionFilmQuietDramaScene
* ActionGirl: The Major.
* AdaptationDistillation
* AdaptationalAngstUpgrade
* ArcWords: "A whisper from my ghost" and its variants.
* [[ArtificialLimbs Artificial Bodies]]
* AsTheGoodBookSays: Quite a few times, especially in ''Innocence'' which uses a lot of Christian symbolism. The original movie quotes an entire passage from Literature/TheBible (''1 Corinthians'', specifically) [[ChekhovsGun which comes up twice]].
* AuthorAppeal: Mamoru Oshii is very fond of basset hounds, even expressing a desire to be reincarnated as one. During the SceneryPorn scene in the first movie, a basset hound is shown. In ''Innocence'', Batou has one as a pet.
* AwesomeButImpractical: Arguably much of the technology falls under this, but some of the less-justified examples are the androids at Section 6 with branching fingers for [[RapidFireTyping efficient data input]].
* {{BFG}}: Probably not the only occurrence, but in the climax of the first movie, Batou shows up with what amounts to a cross between an oversized shotgun loaded with (appropriately oversized) deer slugs and a shoulder-mounted ''artillery cannon''.
-->'''Major:''' "What'd you use?"\\
'''Batou:''' "Your standard-issue big gun."
* BottomlessMagazines: Averted. The characters are clearly shown stopping to reload frequently, and in the first movie, a thug being chased by Section 9 checks how many bullets he has left in his magazine. Motoko's strategy against the SpiderTank at the film's climax even involves waiting for its gun attachments to run out of ammo. Continued in Innocence with Batou frequently reloading during shootouts and almost running out of ammo [[spoiler:to hold off the rampaging gynoids while Kusanagi's borrowed body is immobilized]].
* BrainComputerInterface: The plug-ins that the characters have on the back of their necks, which directly inspired the similar technology in ''Film/TheMatrix''.
* {{Buddhism}}: Both movies are full of it, a lot of it revolving around the Major's doubts about her own identity and the nature of "ghosts". The main symbology is mostly Christian, as opposed to the manga's explicit Buddhism; this was a conscious decision by Mamoru Oshii, a former Christian and a priest candidate who enjoys implementing pseudo-Christian symbology to his works.
* ConspicuousCG:
** In ''Innocence'', while the CGI and animated elements meld together, the transition between a fully CG landscape and one containing a mix of animation and CG is very apparent. According to Oshii, the CG sequences were supposed to tap into the UncannyValley.
** ''Ghost in the Shell 2.0'' likewise contains somewhat jarring bits of CGI. Far more jarring, since it constantly flips between early 90's style animation and 21st century CGI. They don't fit together very well, especially when occasionally even the characters are turned into CG.
* ContemplateOurNavels: In both films, usually lead by Motoko and/or Batou.
* CowboyCop: In both films (''Innocence'' in particular) Batou is unafraid to ignore orders and take the law into his own hands. In ''Innocence'' this puts him (oftentimes humorously) at odds with cautious straight-man Togusa.
* {{Cyberpunk}} / PostCyberpunk
* CyberpunkIsTechno: Significantly averted; the soundtracks to both films (especially the first) consist of moody, haunting pieces featuring traditional chants and instruments.
* CyberpunkWithAChanceOfRain: Even when it's not actually raining, the skies are always overcast.
* DeadpanSnarker: Batou. Togusa picks up a little bit of it too by the end of ''Innocence'' - as he says, "I learn from the best."
* DependingOnTheWriter: In the original manga the Major starts out as a wisecracking, [[SociopathicHero violence loving]], HardDrinkingPartyGirl but becomes more introspective after her encounter with the Puppet Master, whereas here she's like that from the beginning.
* ElectronicEyes: Batou has them.
* FanDisservice: In the first film, [[spoiler: Kusanagi's naked body being disintegrated]]. In the second, the host of nude, blank-faced, murderous gynoids.
* TheFutureIsNoir
* GirlsWithGuns
* JustAMachine: Questioned in both films.
* LaserSight: The snipers' targeting lasers are invisible except when viewed through Batou's eyes, presumably because his cybernetic eyes can see special frequencies and/or can intelligently amplify faint straight-line scatter. [[note]]Real snipers do not use laser sights.[[/note]]
* ManInTheMachine: Kusanagi and Batou, being full-body replacement cyborgs (their brains are the only natural part of their bodies).
* MatrixRainingCode: The inspiration. Used prominently in the title sequence and comspicuously replaced in ''2.0''.
* MindScrew: Both movies, but especially ''Innocence''.
* MsFanservice: The Major.
* NamedAfterSomebodyFamous: Section 9 is named after real-life German counter-terrorism unit GSG 9 (Border Guard, Unit 9).
** Despite the barrage of literary and philosophical references in ''Innocence'', the only character who actually falls under this trope is the forensics inspector Haraway, named after scholar Donna Haraway.
* OurSoulsAreDifferent: A person's consciousness, or their "ghost", is unique and impossible to replicate. It's also thought that machines cannot spontaneously generate one... until the Puppet Master proves this wrong.
* RoboticAssemblyLines: The title sequence of the original movie shows Kusanagi's body being assembled in a factory. This is repeated in the opening of Innocence with the construction of a Locus Solus gynoid.
* SceneryPorn: ''At least'' one scene in each of Mamoru Oshii's films exists for this purpose and this purpose alone. ''Ghost in the Shell'' is no different.
** SceneryGorn: There are also montages of polluted rivers, rundown buildings and garbage heaps. Could double as GaiasLament in this case.
* SherlockScan: Batou does this in several scenes with his [[GogglesDoSomethingUnusual cybernetic eyes]]. In the first movie they allow him to scan a crowded marketplace and instantly pick out the criminal he's pursuing.
* ShoutOut: Numerous homages to ''Film/BladeRunner'', the franchise's primary visual and thematic inspiration. In one scene in ''Innocence''', for example, Togusa asks Batou if his dog is "real" or a clone, since "originals are expensive".
* ShownTheirWork: Batou's weapons handling is just what the military teaches - weapon at the shoulder and fire short, controlled bursts. He does hold the trigger down on his SAW in ''Innocence,'' but presumably the enhanced strength of his cybernetic body allows him to better control the recoil (which was confirmed in the manga); he certainly succeeds at clearing the room with it.
* SlidingScaleOfRobotIntelligence
* StraightMan: Togusa, particularly to Motoko and Batou's [[CowboyCop eccentric methods]] and [[DeadpanSnarker sense of humor]].
* TechnologyPorn: Both films have lots of it.
* TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture: The setting is around 2030.
* UnusualUserInterface: The jacks used to access the network and the keyboards so complex they require artificial hands with numerous telescopable digits to use.
* UsedFuture: Cities are crowded, dirty and run-down, and high technology doesn't stop people from polluting or spraying graffiti everywhere.
* ViewersAreGeniuses
* YourHeadASplode: The animation crew seemed to have liked these quite a bit; there's a head asploding in some form or fashion at the beginning and end of each movie. To quote IGN:
--> "Ghost in the Shell opens with what might be the most technically impressive rendition of an exploding head in the history of Japanese animation, and if you know your Japanese cartoons, you know that's a hell of an accolade."
** It also quite handily shows audiences that [[RRatedOpening this ain't no kid's show they're dealing with here]].
[[/folder]]

----

''"And where does the newborn go from here? The Net is vast and infinite."''