* ''Literature/TheJungleBook'' by Creator/RudyardKipling
** One of the most famous examples is Kaa the python. In the book, he is a mentor and friend of Mowgli, helping to save him when he is kidnapped by monkeys and offering him advice for battle against the dholes, indeed never harming or threatening him in any way. The other animals in the jungle respect and fear him for his [[OldMaster wisdom]] and powers of hypnosis, which only Mowgli, because he is human, is immune to. In the [[Disney/TheJungleBook Disney movie]] and its sequel, he is an AffablyEvil villain whose only role in the plot is to serve as a minor nuisance. Apparently [[ExecutiveMeddling it was thought by Disney]] that audiences [[ReptilesAreAbhorrent wouldn't accept a snake as a heroic character.]] In the sequel Kaa, while still a conniving predator, [[VillainDecay is rather ineffective and pitiful]] rather than the genuinely effective, whilst comedic, villain he originally was (well, he was pretty pathetic from the start, but the sequel takes it up to eleven). The live-action movie adaptation portrayed him as a mindless monster who is used as a SharkPool by King Louie against thieves (in the novel, incidentally, Kaa was the only animal that the monkeys were afraid of); this depiction draws on a ''different'' snake who appeared in ''The Second Jungle Book''.
** [[BigBad Shere Khan]] himself is upgraded slightly with each Disney adaptation. In the books he was an antagonist, but represented as somewhat pitiful, is something of an [[SmugSnake arrogant fool]], and is taken half-heartedly by a lot of residents of the jungle, including Bagheera. In the original Disney film, he is somewhat [[LaughablyEvil comedic]] and playful, but is genuinely feared and implied to be stronger than many animals put together. In ''WesternAnimation/TaleSpin'', he is given a much more deathly serious and calculating demeanor, but also is rather [[AffablyEvil affable]] and more of an AntiVillain in many of his appearances, with [[EvenEvilHasStandards a moral code]] that restrains his villainy. In the sequel to Disney's ''Jungle Book'' he is an [[KnightOfCerebus out and out dark presence whose only goal is to rip Mowgli to shreds]].
** Interestingly the ''Jungle Cubs'' animated series refers closer to both characters' novel personas. Kaa is a friend of the other animals and, while still a predator, is far less [[DastardlyWhiplash intentionally antagonistic]] about it than his adult counterpart. Meanwhile, Shere Khan is an arrogant bully, but somewhat ineffective and occasionally sympathetic. In a chronological sense, this means the Disney counterparts started off loyal to the novel ones, before being embittered into their more malicious adult forms.
* ''The Rats of NIMH'':
** Jenner in the Creator/DonBluth film ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretOfNIMH'', what with [[spoiler: destroying Mrs. Brisby's home and killing Nicodemus.]] However, in [[Literature/MrsFrisbyAndTheRatsOfNIMH the book the film is based on]], he is not nearly as villainous, but is a slightly more sympathetic and much less malicious CommanderContrarian who only appears through flashbacks [[spoiler: and [[DoomedContrarian dies]] offstage.]]
** In the (non-Bluth directed) sequel to the movie, [[spoiler: Martin]], a good guy in both the film and book, becomes a crazed villain (although as the result of [[BrainwashedAndCrazy brainwashing]]).
** In the film, Mr. Ages is portrayed as an unwelcoming GrumpyOldMan, in contrast to his kinder characterization in the book. However, he is still [[JerkWithAHeartOfGold ultimately good-natured]] and helpful to Mrs. Brisby in both versions.
* Ivan Sakharine in the ''Franchise/{{Tintin}}'' comic ''The Secret of the Unicorn''. While sinister-seeming and a nuisance, he isn't evil, and is victimized by the real villains, a pair of unscrupulous treasure hunters. He even gets an implied PetTheDog moment - a cameo in ''Red Rackham's Treasure'' suggests that he offered his own ''Unicorn'' model for Captain Haddock's maritime gallery, and in turn Haddock seems to be on good enough terms with Sakharine to invite him to an exhibition there. In the [[Film/TheAdventuresOfTintin movie]] based on the same comic, he is a much darker and more threatening character [[spoiler: with a blood vendetta against Haddock's family]] who takes over the role of the comic's villains.
* In Disney's ''Disney/{{Hercules}}'', Hades is a {{Satan}}-like villain ([[EverybodyHatesHades again]]), intent on overthrowing Zeus and taking over Mount Olympus. In GreekMythology, he was a [[LawfulNeutral neutral]] but just ruler of the dead and no worse than the [[JerkassGods other Greek gods]]. Hades had no antagonism towards Heracles, only meeting the hero when Heracles asked to borrow Cerberus for one of his twelve labors. Heracles's original divine enemy was Hera, his stepmother and Zeus's wife. As for overthrowing Zeus, Hades never tried that in the myths. While Hades ''did'' kidnap Persephone ([[JerkassGods with Zeus's permission]]), he was nowhere near as bad a husband as his brothers [[AnythingThatMoves Zeus and Poseidon]]. In fact, Hades is probably the least antagonistic god Hercules ever met in the original myth; the entire obstacle Hercules has in borrowing Cerberus is that Hades politely asks Hercules to ''bring it back when he's done''.
* ''Literature/TheLittleMermaid'':
** The Sea Witch in the Creator/HansChristianAndersen fairy tale is a neutral character who shows no vindictive intentions toward the unnamed mermaid, only making the famous tongue-for-legs exchange, even warning the mermaid of the consequences of the transformation. She doesn't go back on the deal or interfere with her relationship with the prince until she is asked to by the mermaid's sisters, and only indirectly. In the DisneyAnimatedCanon film ''Disney/TheLittleMermaid'', she is named Ursula, is an out-and-out villain with a tendency toward [[DealWithTheDevil Faustian deals]], and gets in the way of Ariel's romance with Prince Eric far more than the character in the fairy tale did.
** The witch being evil in Disney's version may have been pinched from Dvorak's opera ''Rusalka''; both it and Andersen's story are themselves adaptations of a medieval French fairy tale.
** Ursula also takes the place of the princess who the prince eventually marries in the original, who is innocent in Andersen's fairy tale and genuinely loves him.
*** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQ14832doYk This Little Mermaid adaptation]] by the Australian company Burbank Animation Studios actually turns the princess into a RoyalBrat whose father is planning to take over the prince's kingdom.
* It may be surprising to learn that [[SinisterMinister Claude Frollo]] of ''Disney/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame'' was [[AntiVillain a more sympathetic character]] in the [[Literature/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame original novel]] by Creator/VictorHugo. While driven to evil deeds later by his lust for Esmeralda, he willingly adopts and cares for Quasimodo, instead of threatening to throw him down a well as he did in the Disney version of the story. All while looking after his layabout of a brother, Jehan (who most movie adaptations [[CompositeCharacter composite with Claude]]), and being orphaned himself to boot. He was also more tolerant of gypsies, asking only that they keep their activities away from the cathedral rather than actively hunting them down.
** Frollo was originally archdeacon of Notre Dame; in the movie, the archdeacon is a [[DecompositeCharacter seperate, kindly character]], who induces a guilt trip on Frollo at the beginning and is beaten up by him at the end. In a sense, both these scenes depict the man struggling with ''himself''.
** [[AdaptationalHeroism Inverted with Phoebus, however]]. In the book, he is a {{Jerkass}} and a KarmaHoudini. In the movie, he is a much more sympathetic character who is Quasimodo's ally and [[spoiler: marries Esmeralda in the end.]]
* The [[GodSaveUsFromTheQueen Queen of Hearts]] is depicted as an AxeCrazy villainess in the [[Disney/AliceInWonderland Disney]] and [[Film/AliceInWonderland Tim Burton]] adaptations of ''Literature/AliceInWonderland'' (although in the latter case she is a composite with the Red Queen). In the book by Creator/LewisCarroll, while she does constantly order executions, the King quietly pardons everybody she sentences to death when she isn't looking and no real harm is done. She never notices this, and the inhabitants of Wonderland just choose to play along with her. Also, it's outright said by the Gryphon that she doesn't execute anyone.
** The King himself goes from pardoning people to openly supporting the Queen's executions.
** The Cheshire Cat in the Disney movie is a {{Jerkass}} to Alice if not a villain, while in the book he was [[NiceGuy a more friendly character]].
* In the children's book ''TheBraveLittleToaster'', the new appliances in Rob's apartment are friendly and helpful to Toaster and the other older appliances, helping them find a new owner via a radio show, and feel guilty for their role in replacing still useful appliances. In the movie, they are [[{{Jerkass}} arrogant and cruel to them]], even tossing them into a dumpster out of jealousy.
* The three witches in ''Disney/TheBlackCauldron'' are grasping and sneaky, if not evil, characters who try and trick Taran into giving up a treasure for the cauldron. In the book, they are neutral figures who bend their own rules to help Taran and the others get rid of it.
** In the books, they are fairly explicitly the actual Fates. (Taran's mentor Dalben was originally raised by them, which is why he's so weird.)
* In ''Anime/HowlsMovingCastle'', the main villain of [[Literature/HowlsMovingCastle the book]], the Witch of the Waste, is downgraded and drained of power. Meanwhile, two of the book's nice characters, the kindly, motherly Mrs. Pentstemmon (who in the book is murdered by the Witch) and the absent and also kindly Wizard Suliman (who in the book is captured and cursed by the Witch) are combined into one character and made evil, the real villain of the movie.
** Pentstemmon was Howell's beloved mentor. Suliman marries Sophie's sister.
* Both played straight and [[AdaptationalHeroism inverted]] in ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' - archetypal good guys Prince Charming, Literature/LittleRedRidingHood, and the FairyGodmother are villains while [[AdaptationalHeroism The Big Bad Wolf is one of the heroes, along with traditionally Always Chaotic Evil creatures like ogres and dragons.]]
* In ''Disney/WreckItRalph'', a number of villains get together for a support group, and among them is [[Franchise/StreetFighter Zangief]], who isn't a villain in the games. Though he is often a victim of this trope, being a villain in both the first live-action Street Fighter movie and Street Fighter American cartoon. This makes his comments toward Ralph during his sole scene all the more poignant.
* The puppeteer from ''Disney/{{Pinocchio}}'' (Mangiafuoco in the book, Stromboli in the film). In the film he was far more cruel and simply wanted to exploit Pinocchio and states that he'll use him as firewood after he can't perform anymore. In the book although he initially does want to use Pinocchio as firewood after the boy accidentally ruins one of his puppet shows, Pinocchio is able to convince him not to do so, and he [[PetTheDog even gives the talking puppet some coins to help Geppetto out]]. This is probably an influence from Alexey N. Tolstoy's book adaptation, ''Buratino'', where the puppeteer, named Carabas Barabas, is the main villain and a very ominous person.
* Clayton in Disney's ''Disney/{{Tarzan}}''. In the novels, he is Tarzan's cousin who inherits the title after Tarzan's parents are presumed dead. His worst fault is that he is a coward, and his worst crime is concealing Tarzan's true identity after he figures out the truth so that he can keep the title. In the movie, he is an EgomaniacHunter.
* The Kralahome in the animated version of ''WesternAnimation/{{The King and I}}'' is not a stern but genuinely loyal chancellor, but rather an EvilSorcerer who actively plots to overthrow the King.
* In ''WesternAnimation/GnomeoAndJuliet'', Benny (the equivalent of Benvolio), is a malicious trickster who exacerbates the antipathy between the FeudingFamilies. In Shakespeare's ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'', Benvolio is a mild-mannered NiceGuy (although oddly, there is a line from Mercutio that [[InformedAttribute describes Benvolio as hot blooded and eager to start fights]]). WordOfGod is that Gnomeo is a CompositeCharacter of Romeo and Mercutio, and the effect of this is that "Benny" was basically left with the nastier side of Mercutio's personality (and Benvolio's name).
* ''WesternAnimation/RomeoAndJulietSealedWithAKiss'' is a loose and LighterAndSofter adaptation of Creator/WilliamShakespeare's ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'' with most of the characters [[AnthropomorphicAnimalAdaptation depicted as seals]]. The villain is an elephant seal named Prince, a CompositeCharacter of Prince Escalus and Paris, a member of his family who is arranged to marry Juliet. The Prince in the play is a ReasonableAuthorityFigure whose antagonism comes from his frustration with Romeo and Juliet's FeudingFamilies, while Prince in the film is a FatIdiot villain who banishes Romeo to a shark-infested island out of jealousy. While Romeo was banished in the play, this was an act of mercy on the Prince's part as the alternative was Romeo being outright executed. Paris, although his exact characterization depends on the production, seems to genuinely care about Juliet, courts her in the appropriate manner for the time period by asking her father, and is at worst a [[SlidingScaleOfAntiVillains Type IV]] AntiVillain who attacks Romeo because he thinks that Romeo is vandalizing her tomb.
* In the ''Comicbook/GreenLantern'' comics, Boodikka is a loyal member of the Green Lantern Corps, but in ''WesternAnimation/GreenLanternFirstFlight'', she sides with Sinestro in his coup against the Guardians of the Universe.
* Whereas in the [[ComicBook/TheMightyThor comics]], Algrim/Kurse was loyal to Asgard after he cut ties with Malekith, in ''ThorTalesOfAsgard'', Algrim's presented as resenting Odin and Asgard for not coming to the aid of the Dark Elves against the Ice Giants (and going ''against'' them when the Dark Elves turned to Surtur for help) and blames them for the extinction of the Dark Elves, and was willing to use the Sword of Surtur against Asgard.
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