Created By: Eclipt on May 25, 2010 Last Edited By: Eclipt on May 25, 2010
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The Highwayman

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(There has definitely been at least one YKTTW about highwaymen before, but as far as I can tell, nothing was actually launched, so I'm assuming they became inactive and were discarded. If I'm wrong, this one isn't necessary.)

A highwayman, put simply, is a guy who robs people on highways. The archetypal highwayman usually being invoked by the word was found in Britain between, say, the years 1500 to 1800, although the same basic stuff went on elsewhere and elsewhen. They interrupt the journeys of rich people riding in coaches to say things like "your money or your life!" and "stand and deliver!". Standard gear seems to include a black outfit (possibly including a hat with a feather in it), a sword-and-gun combo, and possibly a mask.

At times, highwaymen were seen as glamorous. For various reasons (including the fact that often rode horses) they were considered a cut above common bandits. A proper highwayman, instead of being scruffy and furtive, was dashing and debonair - truly the Gentleman Thief of armed robbery. Some of them were built up as folk heroes ("...just like Robin Hood!"), and they have also been stock Love Interests in romance novels (perhaps because All Girls Want Bad Boys?).

Highwaymen began to go out of fashion with the development of toll roads (which are older than some people are aware) and steam trains (which get robbed under a different trope). In works written recently, highwaymen tend to appear as parodies or deconstructions more often than they are played straight.

Examples:
  • Highwaymen appear twice in Blackadder.
    • In the first series, Blackadder assembles the seven most evil men in the kingdom, one of whom is a highwayman. He uses the "your money or your life" line, but once he has the money, corrects the "or" to "and".
    • In the third series, Blackadder himself becomes a highwayman due to financial difficulties. One of the people he robs has a daughter who'd happily entertain the idea of being seduced by a dashing highwayman, but Blackadder isn't interested. Also featured is The Shadow, who gets the Just Like Robin Hood treatment from the population at large. The Shadow turns out to be a) a highwaywoman; and b) the same person who the prince regent is preparing to marry.
  • Sometimes Robin Hood has some of the qualities that make a highwayman, but on the whole, he's generally in a class of his own (and is a bit early for the highwayman fad in any case).
  • Numerous romance novels. To take just one of many examples, Barbara Cartland's The Lady and the Highwayman seems to be comparatively well known (they made a movie of it, at least).
  • Dick Turpin was a real highwayman who became famous for his often-fictional exploits, often being given the Robin Hood treatment.
  • Monty Python had the highwayman Dennis Moore.
Community Feedback Replies: 10
  • May 25, 2010
    foxley
  • May 25, 2010
    Lullabee
    Alleged cars are sometimes named Dick Turpin, because they hold up traffic. Your choice whether or not you think that's relevant.
  • May 25, 2010
    Arivne
    Poetry

    Real Life
    • Black Bart (Charles Bolles), a stagecoach robber of the American Old West.
  • May 25, 2010
    SonofRojBlake
    Worth noting probably that Dick Turpin had a TV series in the 1970s starring the guy from Man About The House.
  • May 25, 2010
    Starry-Eyed
    In the film version of Anne Of Green Gables, Anne does a dramatic recitation of the poem by Alfred Noyes.
  • May 25, 2010
    DaibhidC
    In Discworld, Casanunda, dashing swordsman, gentleman of fortune, and dwarf, has occasionally been a highwayman, although he finds it hard to get taken seriously. People say "I say, it's a lowwayman! A bit short, are we?" and he has to shoot them in the knee.
  • May 25, 2010
    Karalora
    Besides Casanunda, the Discworld series has a lot of highwayman scenarios played for laughs. The most common is for the travelers to turn the tables and rob or otherwise get the better of the highwayman.
  • May 25, 2010
    DaibhidC
    True - in particular the one in Lords And Ladies who holds up the wizards' coach and gets turned into a pumpkin, and the one in Carpe Jugulum who holds up the vampires' coach and gets drained. I think at least one of them also uses the "Your money and your life!" variant.

    Both books also have Casanunda demonstrating how sensible highwaymen get through such situations - by making friends with the wizards in the first one and staying the hell away in the second.

    Possible page quote:
    I'm the dandy highwayman, who you're too scared to mention.
    I spend my cash on looking flash and grabbing your attention.
    - Stand and Deliver, Adam and the Ants
  • May 25, 2010
    foxley
    The first verse of the song "The Highwayman", by the country super group The Highwaymen, deals with a highwayman of this type.
  • May 25, 2010
    Ronka87
    Another possible page quote:

    He'd a French cocked-hat on his forehead, a bunch of lace at his chin,
    A coat of the claret velvet, and breeches of brown doe-skin;
    They fitted with never a wrinkle: his boots were up to the thigh!
    And he rode with a jewelled twinkle,
    His pistol butts a-twinkle,
    His rapier hilt a-twinkle, under the jewelled sky.

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