Created By: Lyiofcycleprotector on November 17, 2012 Last Edited By: Paktra on September 29, 2013

Django Reinhardt

Virtuoso Jazz guitarist (1910-1953)

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Django Reinhardt (born on January 23, 1910 as Jean-Baptiste Reinhardt) was a Belgian Romani Jazz guitarist, famous for his jaw-dropping virtuosity despite a debilitating burn injury on his left hand.

Born in a Romani village on the border of Belgium and France, Django showed a very early talent for music. He learned the banjo-guitar at the age of 13 by copying the fingering styles of other guitarists, and was quickly able to make a living off his talents.

When Django was 18, his left hand was severely damaged by a fire started in his caravan, causing him to lose much of his ability to move his ring and pinkie fingers. Never the less, he continued to play music on the guitar, adjusting his style in a way that prevented his handicap from limiting his abilities. Later on, he was introduced to Jazz music from the United States— particularly the recordings of trumpeter Louis Armstrong— and soon met a very talented Parisian violinist named Stéphane Grappelli who shared similar interests. Impressed with each other's talents after a jam session together, they formed an all string band called the Quintette du Hot Club de France, composed of Django and Stéphane as the lead players, and a rhythm section composed of two guitarists (one of which was Django's brother Joseph) and an acoustic bass played by Louis Vola. They became the biggest act of the French Jazz community, with records that reached audiences across the Atlantic.

The Quintette broke up during the Nazi occupation of France, with Grappelli fleeing to England while Django elected to remain in Paris. After the war, Django briefly reunited with Grappelli for another tour in the UK before heading to the United States for a tour with famed Jazz composer Duke Ellington in 1946. Django returned to France in 1949, spending the rest of his days in retirement. He died of a brain hemorrhage in Paris on May 16th, 1953.

Django is frequently cited as one of the greatest guitarists who ever lived. His playing— with speed, complexity, and phrasing that are already incredibly impressive by any standard— takes on an almost supernatural quality in light of his injury. He fretted mostly with the two undamaged fingers on his left hand, only utilizing his ring and pinkie fingers for chords. He's unanimously considered the greatest and most influential Jazz musician from outside of the United States, having popularized hot string Jazz and fathered the subgenre of Manouche Jazz.

Many, many, many of the best guitarists and jazz musicians in the world have been inspired by him in some way. Classic Jazz guitarists Charlie Parker and Wes Montgomery were both direct 'decendents' of his, and contemporary artists such as Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck, Chet Atkins, B.B. King, Les Paul, Stevie Ray Vaughn, and Jimmy Page have all gone on record stating their great admiration of his abilities.

Tropes that pertain to Django include:
  • Awesome McCool Name: Django is Romani for 'I awake'.
  • Badass Mustache
  • Brilliant, but Lazy: Django was infamous for not showing up to his own concerts, often over very trivial things like being caught up in an interesting conversation or so he could take a walk through the park.
  • Career-Ending Injury: Averted hard. Having his fretting hand severely damaged in a caravan fire did nothing to stop him from playing the guitar.
  • Cool Guitar: Django is most often associated with his oval-hole Selmer-Macaferi styled acoustic guitar, as shown in the page image. Only a thousand were originally produced, and are rare and valuable vintage instruments today.
  • Disability Superpower: His injury made chord playing difficult. To compensate, his music style focused on lightning fast arpeggios.
  • The Gambling Addict: By all accounts, Django loved to gamble on card games. He was also, by all accounts, really bad at it. He'd often blow all his money in a single night of play.
  • Handicapped Badass: Probably the biggest in the history of the guitar. Both Tony Iommi and Jerry Garcia, who had similar hand injuries, were directly inspired by him.
  • Impractical Musical Instrument Skills: Justified, in that only two of his fingers were fully functional. It still didn't stop him from playing like an absolute beast.
  • Jazz
  • Memetic Badass: Among guitarists.
  • Never Learned to Read: Not only could Django not read or write in the typical sense, but he couldn't even read or write sheet music. Every piece of music he knew was learned solely by ear and played entirely by memory.
  • Odd Friendship: Django was an enigmatic, wild gypsy. His partner, French violinist Stéphane Grappelli, was the classically educated son of a French nobleman.
  • Romani
  • Too Cool To Kill: Django decided to remain in Paris as the Nazi's invaded. This could have very easily been a lethal mistake on his part, as he was 1) Romani, 2) handicapped, 3) openly playing a music style that was banned in Nazi Germany, and 4) a well known friend of blacks and Jews in the jazz community. Worse, he didn't even opt to lay low during the occupation: he stayed in full public view and continued to play jazz in big concert halls. But, in a colossal bit of irony, the Nazi's decided not to bother him because many of them were fans of his. Hell, some even asked to be photographed with him, including higher ranking Nazi's.
  • Trope Codifier: Helped popularize string Jazz and made the guitar a prominent Jazz instrument. Also the codifier for handicapped musicians.

Django and his music have made appearances in the following:
  • Django makes a cameo appearance in Martin Scorsese's 2011 film Hugo.
  • The Woody Allen film Sweet and Lowdown is about an American guitarist who's obsessed with Django.
  • In the film Chocolat, Johnny Depp's character— a wandering Gypsy musician— is first introduced playing Django's 'Minor Swing'.
  • A cameo of Django appears in the opening of the 2003 French animated film Les Triplettes de Belleville.
  • In the film Swing Kids, the character Arvid is a guitarist who's left hand gets smashed, but is inspired by Django's example to keep playing.
  • Films like The Matrix, The Aviator, and Gattaca, among many others, use his music in their soundtrack.
  • Django's music, along with many other classic Jazz acts, appears in the video games Bioshock and MafiaTheCityOfLostHeaven
  • The Golden Django, an award for European Jazz musicians, is named after him.
  • The Django open source web framework is named after him.
  • In 2010, the Belgian government released a sterling silver coin with his portrait on it, valued at 10 euros, in commemoration of his 100th birthday.
Community Feedback Replies: 18
  • November 17, 2012

  • November 17, 2012
    ^ That includes creator pages.
  • November 17, 2012
    <Mod Hat>

    Please read that page yourselves. You are allowed to bring work and creator pages to YKTTW as a sandbox and to get help fleshing that out. Continuing to just link that page with no explanation as a way to shut down legitimate YKTT Ws will get you YKTTW banned. Knock it off.
  • November 17, 2012
    I did bring this here to flesh it out. I know Django's appeared in quite a few places, and I wanted to see if anyone could add anything.
  • November 17, 2012
    The description looks very good to me. You just need to check that this proposal is consistent with the Creator Page Guidelines.

    Also, remember that you can't technically launch YKTTWs into the proper namespace Creator.Django Reinhardt and that we don't want to create them (or unneeded redirects) in /Main/ - you'll need to copy-paste this YKTTW's markup over into Django Reinhardt.
  • November 17, 2012
    @Mod Hat: This page looked good for launch as it was and didn't include an explicit request for help.
  • November 17, 2012
    They don't have to include an explicit request for help. That should be assumed by being in YKTTW.
  • November 17, 2012
    Question: is this intended as a Music/ page or a Creator/ page?

    Also, for the trivia bin: Jerry Garcia of The Grateful Dead was a huge fan as a fellow less-than-ten-fingered guitarist, and regularly cited Django as one of his main influences.
  • November 17, 2012
    ^Probably belongs in the Music namespace.
  • November 18, 2012
    This post was thumped as per previous mod post.
  • November 18, 2012
    Is "Gypsy Jazz" a type of jazz, or was Mr. Reinhardt ethnically Romani? If the latter it would be better to s/Gypsy/Romani/ throughout the article; and personally I wouldn't mention either his ethnicity, his nationality, or his injury in the laconic, either way. "Virtuoso Jazz guitarist (1910-1953)" is enough.
  • November 19, 2012
    Gypsy jazz (Also called Manouche Jazz) is a real music genre AND Reinhardt was a Romani.
  • November 19, 2012
    Some typos and capitalization mistakes. Clean them up and it's ready to publish.
  • November 27, 2012
    "Classic Jazz guitarists Charlie Parker..."

    Did you mean Charlie Christian? Charlie Parker was a saxophonist.
  • January 18, 2013
    Just Launch It Already. And I've zapped the word "Gypsy" throughout the description, on account of its being considered an ethnic slur nowadays.
  • January 18, 2013
    Using Romani to reference his ethnicity makes sense, but Gyspy jazz is the accepted name for the subgenre that Reinhardt invented. We'd be remiss if we didn't mention that.
  • January 18, 2013
    ^ OK. It wasn't clear to me that he had anything to do with that subgenre. (I don't know much of anything about jazz.)
  • January 23, 2013
    Seconding Just Launch It Already. It can always be fixed up once it's launched, it doesn't have to be perfect.