Humans Are Not The Dominant Species
An alternate Earth where humans aren't dominant, instead another species is.
" On that day, mankind received a grim reminder. We lived in fear of the Titans and were disgraced to live in these cages we called walls."For the last several thousand years, humans have been the dominant species on Earth. They've only gotten more dominant with time. This trope occurs when that's not the case. Humans exist, yes, but they live under the rule of another species. One common way this trope occurs is in Earth All Along works where animals evolve to the point where they challenge humanity for the dominant species. Examples only count of this trope if: A. It's on a relatively realistic Earth or Earth-like planet and B. It doesn't take place in prehistoric times before humans became the dominant animal. Compare to Vichy Earth, where alien invaders conquer Earth, and Mistook the Dominant Lifeform.
Examples:Anime & Manga
- Attack on Titan: Humans have been nearly extinct for over 1000 years, driven inside cities surrounded by massive walls that protect them from huge cannibalistic humanoids they call Titans. The main goal of the protagonists is to reclaim the world that has been overrun by these monstrocities. Only that's not the case at all. The people inside the city have all been brainwashed and then conditioned to believe that the rest of the world has been destroyed. In reality, the Titans were a weapon deployed in an ancient war and the rest of the world outside of the main setting is relatively fine. In fact, later on, the Titans on the entire island nation they inhabit are exterminated and the story becomes a battle between rival nations.
- In Archie Comics' Sonic the Hedgehog, hundreds of years ago a species of aliens sent DNA bombs to kill all of humanity while saving the other species. Instead, the DNA bombs made humans "de-evolve" into crueler, four-fingered species while animals evolved into Funny Animals and Petting Zoo Persons. Over the years, Mobians have become the dominant species while Outlanders and humans live in seclusion.
- In the 3rd volume of The Sandman, a housecat discovers that cats were once the dominant species on planet Earth, growing to enormous sizes while humans served their needs. But the humans grew resentful and, collectively dreaming together, created a world where humans are the dominant species and cats are their pets. A group of housecats now roams the Earth, spreading this gospel of their former glory and implore all cats who hear them to dream back the old world.
- The Good Dinosaur: The film's premise is that the dinosaurs never became extinct, and formed a primitive farming society. Humans are still animalistic, behaving mostly like dogs.
- The 1973 French feature Fantastic Planet has humans living in a Mouse World amid the giant blue-skinned, red-eyed Draags. Humans are called Oms (homme being French for man), and they are teased, tormented and killed by the Draags mostly For the Evulz. Young Draag Tiwa makes a housepet out of an Om named Terr, who also narrates parts of the story.
- After the alien Drej from Titan A.E. destroy the world with an Earth-Shattering Kaboom, humanity is reduced to surviving mostly in drifter colonies: assorted spacecraft knit together into habitable biomes. The Hero is found doing grunt work in a salvage yard, until he gets the Call to Adventure. This triggers the Drej into hunting him down, to preclude Cale from finding the Titan spacecraft and activating it, since for the Drej, the Titan is an Artifact of Doom.
- The central premise of the whole Planet of the Apes series. The first film depicted a world where humans were reduced to the state of animals, with civilized apes ruling the world and hunting humans for sport. The infamous Twist Ending reveals this planet is actually Earth in the far future. The various sequels/prequels and the reboot showed how the fall of human society allowed apes to ascend to dominance.
- Played with in Tailchaser's Song. According to the cat Creation Myth (which true), the world was created by a cat for cats. After one of the first cats children made a Hell Hound to kill his siblings, their God created other species. Since then, humans have become the dominant species.
- Wings of Fire takes place in a world where dragons rule over the lands. Humans, or "scavengers" as dragons call them, are considered an endangered species and only live in a few select areas. Originally, humans were more dominant however that changed when dragon began creating kingdoms and living under queens. Dragons look down upon humans and see them as weird, dumb, and mostly good for food or blood sports.
- Planet of the Apes has the astronauts Ulysses and Antelle explore a planet where humans live like animals, and civilized apes hunt them for sport or conduct medical experiments on them. The Twist Ending is different from the more famous film adaptation: the planet, Soror, is completely separate from Earth. But when Ulysses escapes and returns to Earth, he finds that apes have conquered humanity while he was away.
- In The Pendragon Adventure series, the planet Eelong is populated by two species, the Klee and the Gar (humans). The Klee are Cat Folk who rule the planet and keep humans as either pets or slaves, seeing them as no more than animals. The plot of Black Water involves the secret human city of Black Water, where free humans are secretly gathering and preparing to rebel against their Klee overlords.
- In The Silmarillion, the first Ages or so was largely dominated by the Elves. This was largely because they were the Firstborn of Eru, the first sapient race in Arda to awaken. Their dominance lasted thanks to their long life and grace even after the Arrival of Men. It was only after the Thrid Age, in which most Elves left Middle Earth did Men come to dominate.
- In The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy universe we are merely unknowing experimental test subjects being monitored and controlled by otherdimensional beings who assume the forms of white mice. A more profound question is how the dolphins got here and left, since they are also superior to us.
- In Terry Pratchett's Discworld series humans are mostly the dominant lifeform except in Überwald where, according to The Fifth Elephant, humans are little more than "background noise" and very much second place to the Undead, the Dwarfs, and Trolls.
- Colin Wilson's Spider World series is set in a post-apocalyptic world where telepathic giant spiders and various insects are the dominant species'.
- Dinosaurs: The show takes place in an inverted 1 Million B.C., when Earth was dominated by civilized dinosaurs with jobs and families, using electronic appliances. Humans appear in the show as primitive, dumb savages.
- The Space Opera Tabletop RPG FAITH is set in a future where humanity has lost its homeworld and joins a galactic community of alien species all of whom are generally more advanced and well-established than humans, who are, by-and-large, viewed as semi-barbaric mercenaries without any special standing.
- Dungeons & Dragons: The setting Council of Wyrms is set on an extensive island chain known as the Io's Blood islands. These are entirely ruled by dragon clans, and while various species of humanoids also live on the islands they do so as vassals and servants of the dragons, who are also the playable characters in this setting. Other lands beyond the seas exist in the background and are known to be inhabited and ruled by humanoids such as humans and giants, but the focus of the setting remains first and foremost on the Io's Blood islands and their dragon rulers.
- Magic: The Gathering:
- This is played to different degrees in the two incarnations of the plane of Tarkir.
- In the original timeline, four of the five clans that ruled the plane were dominated by humans, with Tarkir's numerous other species — djinn and efreeti, the elephantine loxodon, goblins, the doglike ainok, orcs, ogres and the aven Bird People — being secondary in influence, importance and numbers to them. The exception to this was the Sultai Brood, a clan of necromancers, merchants and sorcerers who ruled the swamps and lowland jungles. The Sultai were firmly ruled by the serpent-like nagas and the rakshasa tiger-demons, who made up the clan's ruling class and chief sorcerers — the queen of the Sultai, Sidisi, was a naga herself. Within the Sultai, humans were strictly second-class citizens at best and chattel at worst.
- In the new timeline, the clans were destroyed and replaced by the five dragon broods. In the wake of that, the dragons became the plane's undisputed and tyrannical rulers, while Tarkir's many humanoid races were all relegated to being the subjects and soldiers of the warring dragon clans. The one exception to this were, again, the rakshasas, whose unpredictable nature and sorcerous power allowed them to maintain a degree of power and independence that the other humanoid races couldn't.
- Naya, the jungle-covered shard of the plane of Alara that embodies Green mana, is inhabited by three intelligent races — humans, elves and the nacatl Cat Folk — in addition to an assortment of building-sized animals collectively referred to as the Gargantuans. In the distant past, the nacatl of the Empire of the Clouds were the undisputed rulers of the plane, with the elves becoming Naya's dominant power after the Empire's fall. In a very real sense, it can also be said that the true rulers of the plane are the Gargantuans, who travel the jungle as they please, trampling their way through any building or city they come across and with the intelligent races having very little ability to do anything about this. However and whenever one looks at it, however, humans have always been a rather unimportant race in Naya.
- This is played to different degrees in the two incarnations of the plane of Tarkir.
- Primal Rage: After a meteor strikes the Earth and causes a massive cataclysm, ancient deities (mostly resembling dinosaurs and giant primates) arise from an ancient slumber and conquer the world. Humankind regresses into tribes which serve these deities and becomes so primitive that they now refer to their planet as "Urth".
- Hatoful Boyfriend is set in a post-apocalyptic future where a pandemic of a deadly form of bird flu nearly wiped out humanity. In response to this, the humans developed a counter-virus in an attempt to kill the birds that carried the disease. However, this new virus ended up giving the birds it infected human-like intelligence rather than killing them, leading to them becoming the dominant creatures on Earth as more and more humans died from the bird flu. The surviving humans, who developed a resistance to the disease, are forced to live apart from civilisation as hunter-gatherers.
- SCP Foundation: SCP-1000 are The Remnant of a nocturnal hominid species with incredible Organic Technology and nuclear weapons. At some point humans not only fought back against their domination (70% of the population died in one day as they slept), they managed to purge that they'd ever existed from human memory. They're better known to muggles as Bigfoot.
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