Should We Have This? Is This Tropable? Needs More Examples
. Needs a Better Description
You have a mystery, where someone has committed a crime or misdemeanor of some sort, but neither the protagonist(s) nor the audience is supposed to know the guilty party. However, The Law of Conservation of Detail
and the rules of Fair Play Whodunnit
state that the culprit must be a character who appears in the story before The Reveal
. It can't be someone the audience has never seen before, and if the mystery is a big part of the plot, it can't really be a minor background character either. It has to be someone important.
In Fair Play Whodunnits
and many other types of Mystery Fiction
, the writers usually introduce several potential suspects to the crime, and in the end one of them is found to be guilty, while the others turn out to be mere red herrings
. However, in some pieces of fiction (typically ones where the mystery isn't the main driving force of the plot), there are no red herrings, and the audience can rather easily deduce the culprit, since he's the only possible major character who could have done it. Either there are no other significant characters among the suspects, or all the other major characters can be ruled out because they're the protagonists, series regulars (in the case of serial media), or other types of characters that aren't typically used as a culprit (kids, animals, etc).
Of course, even if the audience can guess who did it, it isn't as easy for the protagonists to solve the mystery, as for them the guilty party could be any minor character, or even someone who doesn't appear in the story at all. It's only the audience who can rule these people out.
If the writers don't care about the rules mentioned above, they can make the culprit turn out to be some completely unexpected minor character
, or even someone we've never met before
, but these kind of mysteries tend to be much rarer than the ones that follow the rules.
This trope can overlap with Chekhov's Gunman
, if the guilty character doesn't seem to have any proper function in the story before The Reveal
- In Die Another Day, we find out there's a mole inside the MI6 who has, among other things, informed the bad guys who James Bond is. Now, obviously the mole can't be Bond himself, nor M or Q or Moneypenny, as they are all mainstays of the franchise. Besides them, there is only one other major MI6 character in the movie, who – surprise, surprise! – does turn out to be the mole.
- In the Doctor Who story The Deadly Assassin there's a whole bunch of people who could be the assassin, but only one of them has any significant screen time, and of course it turns out to be him.
- Towards the tail end of Torchwood: Miracle Day we're told there's another evil Mole in the CIA other than the Obviously Evil, Fat Bastard that was outed earlier. There are three CIA operatives that aren't part of the main cast. One is Da Chief and working pretty diligently with Torchwood and wants the case solved and the mole outed. The other is developing the software to find the mole. That leaves the last one who was featured prominently in the first episode, who we had just been reminded exists the episode prior, and who just had her wardrobe change up to low cut cleavage showing dresses. To be fair though, the audience is let in on it before the heroes, who were busy juggling the Idiot Ball the entire season.