The asset must be unique, endowed upon an individual or only small parts of the cast. But there are four exceptions to this rule:
The first exception is if the protagonist has the same kind of asset as everyone else, but has a much better version than everyone else has (i.e. everyone in the setting is packing heat, but the protagonist has a modern assault rifle while everyone else has muskets).
The second exception is when the protagonist has the same kind of asset and to roughly the same degree as many people off-screen, but the story puts him/her around people who don't the asset or to a lesser degree. See Normal Fish in a Tiny Pond.
The third exception is if the protagonist has the same kind of asset and to roughly the same degree as everyone else, but for some reason he/she is one of the few people who actually do something useful with it (i.e. Red Shirt ninjas getting slaughtered left and right by the antagonist, but the exact same ninja training the Red Shirt Army had is exactly what the protagonist curb stomps the antagonist with).
The final exception is when the protagonist and his/her companions all share an asset, but there are other groups/cast herds/ensembles/bands of characters that don't have anything special about them.
The ability must be relevant to the story's Conflict in some way. Puzzle solving skills in a mystery novel are this trope, combat prowess in a romantic comedy is not. However, this asset does not necessarily have to directly lead to the conflict's resolution (i.e. the protagonist has a powerful Super Mode that helps out in combat, but the villain is defeated by a Deus ex Machina instead). The ability must also be noticeably demonstrated. Informed Ability, Off Screen Moment Of Awesome, and implied cases are not true examples.
The character must be the protagonist. While antagonists may have special assets used to cause conflict in the story, the nature of conflict-causing abilities and the way they are used is often of a different nature than many special assets protagonists have.
If Mooks have this ability, they would be called Superpowered Mooks. May overlap with Road Runner PC if this ability is superior mobility and the protagonist is in a video game, as well as Protagonist Power-Up Privileges the main character acquires their UPA instead of having it right from the start. Possibly the reason why someone is a Born Winner. Almost every superhero within the context of their own stories has a UPA, although shared universes containing dozens or even hundreds of other supers cast a shadow on this trope.
Compare Standardized Leader and Designated Protagonist Syndrome, where the protagonist is rather generic in terms of ability.
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Anime & Manga
One Piece: The King's Disposition Haki is considered the rare form of Haki that only appears randomly on people, whereas everyone else can learn the other 2 common forms of Haki. Our protagonist, naturally, has access to said rare Haki.
Naruto: The titular character is not just a Jinchuriki like 8 others, he's also one to the strongest Tailed Beast, the 9-tailed Fox.
In A Certain Magical Index, Touma Kamijou has the unique ImagineBreaker, a right hand that cancels out powers and enchantments, making him able to defeat incredibly powerful characters that no one else can.
Early in Dragon Ball, while it is established that martial arts prowess and superhuman physical abilities are not uncommon, for much of Dragon Ball, Goku is one of two known people in the entire world (the other being Master Roshi) who can utilize the powerful ranged energy attack known as the Kamehameha.
The Furious Five from Kung Fu Panda subvert this trope, being set up as master martial artists who go out to defeat the movie's villain but suffer a Curb Stomp Cushion. Po, however, plays this trope straight (albeit subtly) in that his special ability is to learn extremely rapidly when food is a motivation.
Subverted in A Beautiful Mind. At first, we are made to think John Nash is a genius mathematician who is the only person skilled enough to crack Russian spy codes, but it turns out he's just insane and it is all art of his mental illness. Double subverted when he uses his genius intelligence to realize that his hallucinations are not real, thus curing himself.
In Venus Prime, Sparta was trained from birth and surgically altered to become the epitome of human intelligence and skill.
Temeraire: A lot of things wouldn't happen if Temeraire wasn't a particular breed of Chinese dragon who (a) had a reason to visit China and see how dragons are treated differently elsewhere and (b) was basically a prince. Cue Laurence getting caught up in all sorts of international intrigues and going Screw the Rules, I'm Doing What's Right as a result of new perspectives.
Daine of The Immortals has an unprecedented amount of wild magic, allowing her to communicate with (and eventually turn into) just about every animal. This proves to be critical to winning the Immortals War, as animals make great spies and she can communicate with non-humanoid immortals.
Beka Cooper of Provost's Dog can speak to lingering ghosts and hear the sounds that collect in dust spinnersnote semi-living air currents at street corners. This leads directly to the Dogs cracking a decade-old serial murder case in the first book and materially assists her investigations in the next two.
Circle of Magic In the first quartet, the kids' ambient magic and subsequent bond allows them to survive and then deal with the threats they face—without their ability to combine their magic, Gold Ridge Valley would have burnt to the ground and Rosethorn would be dead, among other things.
In Dollhouse, Echo has something in her spinal fluid that allows her to retain memories from her imprints.
In the 1950s The Adventures of Superman TV series Superman is the only person with superpowers we ever see (and by implication the only one on the entire planet).
God Hand: the player character Gene has the titular God Hand that gives him the fighting chance against the crooks in the game. Though it's revealed later that one of the bosses, Azel, possesses the other God Hand (the left one, to be specific). Mirror Boss ensues with the two.
In Knights of the Old Republic II, the Jedi Exile is one of the few surviving Jedi and the only one who's actually still Jedi-ing in public rather than hiding or working secretly. This attracts all sorts of enemies, particularly the Big Bad Duumvirate that is the primary threat to the Republic. Also, the Exile draws their Force powers from other people, allowing them to make Force bonds really easily, which results in most of the party being Force-sensitive and thus potential new Jedi.
In the text-based RPG Mobile Armored Marine, you are the only person with Powered Armor on your mission.
In Watch_Dogs, the main character has a hacked cell-phone which gives him access to much of the city's infrastructure. While the police can access some of the infrastructure, they cannot control as much and have to call into Mission Control to do it, while you can do it much quicker.
Aidan's Bullet Time effect is also unique to him. In-universe, it represents his quick reflexes.
The Player Character of Dragon Age: Inquisition is sucked into the Spirit World at the start of the game and branded with mark that lets them quickly close even the largest breaches between reality and the Fade, which The Legions of Hell are using to invade. Since the Inquisitor is the only one with such power, they are instrumental to defeating the demons.
Rico in Just Cause has a grappling hook gun, which makes vehicle hijacking easy, enables Rico to reach high places, offers both ranged and melee attack options, and can be combined with a parachute to achieve Not Quite Flight.
John Martson from Red Dead Redemption has Dead Eye Targeting, which slows down time and enables the player to aim and shoot at a practically superhuman level.
Super Mario Bros.: Mario was at first distinct due to the fact that he could jump (unlike the Goombas) and could run relatively faster than his enemies.
The heroes of Super Why! help the helpless heroes of other stories through the ability to change stories by directly altering the text of the books they enter.
Five hats means that five tropers think it is ready to publish.
You are saying that you think this draft is ready to be published. That means the description is not ambiguous,
it doesn't duplicate an existing trope, there are at least three examples, and the title makes sense.
Is that what you meant to do?
You are saying this draft has a ready-to-publish hat it does not deserve and you are taking it back.