Older Than Radio
of Ethnic Menial Labor
, Mammy was born in the the Deep South
of Antebellum America
, but continued to be a presence for a century after the American Civil War
. During slavery, she was largely resigned to her enslavement, perhaps even finding Happiness in Slavery
. After she gained her freedom, Mammy continued to serve as a menial domestic to whites, and continued to aspire to little higher. In her freedom, she may have also moved north, although her position and character is largely unchanged whether she lives in rural Georgia or Chicago
Physically, Mammy is generally obese, middle aged or older, and generally has little sensual or sexual about her: a white mistress supposedly secure that having Mammy about the house was no threat to her husband's fidelity. In terms of character, Mammy is generally poorly educated, but has abundant common sense and is competent in her domestic duties. She is servile toward the whites, but may be an Apron Matron
toward her own family. Her earthy common sense may, if her white masters or employers become sufficiently zany, lead her to become the Only Sane Man
of the household and develop some characteristics of a Sassy Black Woman
Anime and Manga
- Aunt Jemima from the Quaker Oats Company's brand; was originally a character from Minstrel Shows.
- South African cartoon strip "Madam and Eve."
- Beulah, who started as a recurring minor character on Fibber McGee and Molly before gaining her own spinoff show.
- Betty Draper of Mad Men grew up raised by her family's black housekeeper and then hired one for her own children.
- Florida from Maude, and, to a lesser extent, her reprise of the role in Good Times.
- The titular Mama from Thats My Mama.
- Berta in Two and a Half Men is a subversion of the typical Mammy: while she is a competent housekeeper, obese, and full of common sense, she also takes shortcuts, does drugs, and insults the main characters.