In 1977, DC Comics
revealed their first headlining African-American superhero with Black Lightning
. However, due to numerous controversies and licensing disputes, in the many many
adaptations of the DCU he has often been used via Captain Ersatz
. This eventually developed
into a consistent pattern in which Black male superheroes had electricity-themed powers
- Black Vulcan from Superfriends, created as an Captain Ersatz of Black Lightling to save on licensing fees.
- Juice in Justice League Unlimited (whose whole team consists of Expies of the Superfriends).
- Soul Power, a retro funk character from the Static Shock animated series. He was originally going to be Black Lighting, until lawyers got involved.