History UsefulNotes / Uruguay

3rd Jul '16 8:02:47 PM majoraoftime
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One of the smallest nations in South America, Uruguay didn’t attract much attention from the colonists because of its lack of resources and the fierceness of the natives. Only when the independence wave started in the area, people from all places saw the benefits the port city of Montevideo could provide, like the British or, specially, its neighbors: Brazil and Argentina.

The country got independent in 1813, but it was brief since it was soon conquered and annexed by the Brazilian Empire, leading to the Cisplatine War between Brazil and Argentina that ended with Uruguay independent again. Soon, a civil war between the two main factions of the country, ''Blancos'' and ''Colorados'' (Whites and Reds) emerged, that eventually put Montevideo in a siege that lasted nine years (Creator/AlexandreDumas called it “a new Trojan war”). Giuseppe Garibaldi made a name for himself in the war before championing the Italian Wars of Independence. Brazil and Argentina took advantage of the war by supporting Reds and Whites, respectively; the war eventually ended with the victory of the Reds. As a gesture of thanks to Brazil, Uruguay made a deal that allowed Brazil to intervene in their internal affairs whenever they considered fitting. In other words, it allowed Brazil to turn Uruguay into a puppet state whenever they wanted, something they certainly took advantage of. The last intervention, in 1864, prompted Paraguay to try to topple the new Brazil-friendly government and the WarOfTheTripleAlliance, which aftermath not only left Paraguay in ruins, but also freed Uruguay from the deal with Brazil.

The country kept growing and developing after that, though slower than other countries in the region, since its main source of income was the agriculture, something that gave fewer incomes with time. In 1973, a civic-military government took place until 1985 as a response of the growing influence of the Tupamaros, a Marxist urban guerrilla movement. During said time, more than a hundred people died or disappeared because of the actions of the junta (as a part of ‘Operation Condor’ with neighboring dictatorships).

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One of the smallest nations in South America, Uruguay didn’t attract much attention from the colonists because of its lack of resources and the fierceness of the natives. Only when the independence wave started in the area, people from all places saw the benefits the port city of Montevideo could provide, like the British or, specially, especially, its neighbors: Brazil and Argentina.

The country got became independent in 1813, but it this period was brief since it was soon conquered and annexed by the Brazilian Empire, leading to the Cisplatine War between Brazil and Argentina that ended with Uruguay independent again. Soon, a civil war between the two main factions of the country, ''Blancos'' and ''Colorados'' (Whites and Reds) emerged, that eventually put Montevideo in under a siege that lasted nine years (Creator/AlexandreDumas called it “a new Trojan war”). Giuseppe Garibaldi made a name for himself in the war before championing the Italian Wars of Independence. Brazil and Argentina took advantage of the war by supporting Reds and Whites, respectively; the war eventually ended with the victory of the Reds. As a gesture of thanks to Brazil, Uruguay made a deal that allowed Brazil to intervene in their internal affairs whenever they considered fitting. In other words, it allowed Brazil to turn Uruguay into a puppet state whenever they wanted, something they certainly took advantage of. The last intervention, in 1864, prompted Paraguay to try to topple the new Brazil-friendly government and the WarOfTheTripleAlliance, which the aftermath of which not only left Paraguay in ruins, but also freed Uruguay from the deal with Brazil.

The country kept growing and developing after that, though slower than other countries in the region, since its main source of income was the agriculture, something that gave fewer incomes with was less profitable over time. In 1973, a civic-military government took place until 1985 as a in response to of the growing influence of the Tupamaros, a Marxist urban guerrilla movement. During said this time, more than a hundred people died or disappeared because of the actions of the junta (as a part of ‘Operation Condor’ with neighboring dictatorships).



The local music is tango, like in Argentina, but not the same kind of tango. The most famous Uruguayan tango is "''La cumparsita''" (world’s second-most famous after "''Por una cabeza''"; it appears on ''Film/SunsetBoulevard''). It has a [[SeriousBusiness fierce]] competition with Argentina about two things: their main ports’ attractive (Montevideo vs Buenos Aires) and the birthplace of Carlos Gardel, legend of the tango ([[{{Anticlimax}} ... turns out he was French]]). They’re [[BerserkButton most emphatically]] '''non Argentinians''', no matter how similar their accents sound.

On July 31 2013, Uruguay become the first nation in the world to legalize the sale, cultivation, and distribution of cannabis. As then-President Jose Mujica said, "Uruguay wants to make a 'contribution to humanity' by legalising marijuana but will backtrack if the 'experiment' goes awry." In order to keep the country from becoming an [[FreestateAmsterdam Amsterdam]] in the southern hemisphere, Uruguay requires users 18 and older to be registered in a national database, and has prohibited both the sale of marijuana to foreigners and the transport of marijuana over international borders.

to:

The local music is tango, like in Argentina, but not the same kind of tango. The most famous Uruguayan tango is "''La cumparsita''" (world’s second-most famous after "''Por una cabeza''"; it appears on ''Film/SunsetBoulevard''). It has a [[SeriousBusiness fierce]] competition with Argentina about two things: their main ports’ attractive (Montevideo vs Buenos Aires) and the birthplace of Carlos Gardel, legend of the tango ([[{{Anticlimax}} ... turns out he was French]]). They’re [[BerserkButton most emphatically]] '''non '''not Argentinians''', no matter how similar their accents sound.

On 31 July 31 2013, Uruguay become the first nation in the world to legalize the sale, cultivation, and distribution of cannabis. As then-President Jose Mujica said, "Uruguay wants to make a 'contribution to humanity' by legalising marijuana but will backtrack if the 'experiment' goes awry." In order to keep the country from becoming an [[FreestateAmsterdam Amsterdam]] in the southern hemisphere, Uruguay requires users 18 and older to be registered in a national database, and has prohibited both the sale of marijuana to foreigners and the transport of marijuana over international borders.



As a last curious note, the full name of the country is Oriental Republic of Uruguay. That may have you thinking “So where’s the Occidental one?”, when the fact is that there isn’t. The name of the country actually tries to tell that it’s at the east of the Uruguay River, something that doesn’t seem quite clear in the name itself (same deal in Spanish, by the way).

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As a last curious note, the full name of the country is the Oriental Republic of Uruguay. That may have you thinking “So where’s the Occidental one?”, when the fact is that there isn’t. The name of the country is actually tries an attempt to tell state that it’s at in the east of the Uruguay River, something that doesn’t seem quite clear in the name itself (same deal in Spanish, by the way).
10th Jan '16 5:13:04 PM phoenix
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Despite its small place, it's still a hub for TheBeautifulGame. The Uruguayan national team won two straight UsefulNotes/OlympicGames football tournaments in the 20's (leading to the nickname 'Celeste Olimpica', the former part referring to the sky blue uniforms), plus two of the earliest editions of TheWorldCup (the inaugural edition in 1930, which they hosted; and 1950, upsetting Brazil at home in what became a ShockingDefeatLegacy for the neighbors) and are the biggest winners of the continental Copa América, with 15 titles.

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Despite its small place, it's still a hub for TheBeautifulGame.UsefulNotes/AssociationFootball. The Uruguayan national team won two straight UsefulNotes/OlympicGames football tournaments in the 20's (leading to the nickname 'Celeste Olimpica', the former part referring to the sky blue uniforms), plus two of the earliest editions of TheWorldCup (the inaugural edition in 1930, which they hosted; and 1950, upsetting Brazil at home in what became a ShockingDefeatLegacy for the neighbors) and are the biggest winners of the continental Copa América, with 15 titles.
6th Dec '15 3:44:44 AM Morgenthaler
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* ''{{XXY}}'', though filmed in Argentina, is set mainly in Uruguay.

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* ''{{XXY}}'', ''Film/{{XXY}}'', though filmed in Argentina, is set mainly in Uruguay.



* In TheSimpsons' episode "Bart Vs. Australia", Homer finds Uruguay on the globe. Of course, being Homer, he misreads it as "you are gay".

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* In TheSimpsons' ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' episode "Bart Vs. Australia", Homer finds Uruguay on the globe. Of course, being Homer, he misreads it as "you are gay".
26th Sep '15 4:30:29 PM nombretomado
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Despite its small place, it's still a hub for TheBeautifulGame. The Uruguayan national team won two straight OlympicGames football tournaments in the 20's (leading to the nickname 'Celeste Olimpica', the former part referring to the sky blue uniforms), plus two of the earliest editions of TheWorldCup (the inaugural edition in 1930, which they hosted; and 1950, upsetting Brazil at home in what became a ShockingDefeatLegacy for the neighbors) and are the biggest winners of the continental Copa América, with 15 titles.

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Despite its small place, it's still a hub for TheBeautifulGame. The Uruguayan national team won two straight OlympicGames UsefulNotes/OlympicGames football tournaments in the 20's (leading to the nickname 'Celeste Olimpica', the former part referring to the sky blue uniforms), plus two of the earliest editions of TheWorldCup (the inaugural edition in 1930, which they hosted; and 1950, upsetting Brazil at home in what became a ShockingDefeatLegacy for the neighbors) and are the biggest winners of the continental Copa América, with 15 titles.
13th Sep '15 11:46:10 AM igordebraga
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Added DiffLines:

Despite its small place, it's still a hub for TheBeautifulGame. The Uruguayan national team won two straight OlympicGames football tournaments in the 20's (leading to the nickname 'Celeste Olimpica', the former part referring to the sky blue uniforms), plus two of the earliest editions of TheWorldCup (the inaugural edition in 1930, which they hosted; and 1950, upsetting Brazil at home in what became a ShockingDefeatLegacy for the neighbors) and are the biggest winners of the continental Copa América, with 15 titles.
17th Apr '15 2:41:36 AM Morgenthaler
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* ''{{Alive}}''. The team trapped in the Andes was from Uruguay.

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* ''{{Alive}}''.''Film/{{Alive}}''. The team trapped in the Andes was from Uruguay.
7th Jul '14 3:14:02 PM Quag15
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http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/map-of-uruguay_4565.gif

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7th Jul '14 12:54:16 PM MrBadAxe
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Added DiffLines:

On July 31 2013, Uruguay become the first nation in the world to legalize the sale, cultivation, and distribution of cannabis. As then-President Jose Mujica said, "Uruguay wants to make a 'contribution to humanity' by legalising marijuana but will backtrack if the 'experiment' goes awry." In order to keep the country from becoming an [[FreestateAmsterdam Amsterdam]] in the southern hemisphere, Uruguay requires users 18 and older to be registered in a national database, and has prohibited both the sale of marijuana to foreigners and the transport of marijuana over international borders.
6th Dec '13 2:39:16 AM PaulA
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* In ''DCOneMillion'', Montevideo is devastated (with more than a million casualties) when one of the nuke-powered Rocket Reds obtained by Vandal Savage explodes over it.

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* In ''DCOneMillion'', ''ComicBook/DCOneMillion'', Montevideo is devastated (with more than a million casualties) when one of the nuke-powered Rocket Reds obtained by Vandal Savage explodes over it.
5th Jun '13 5:49:25 PM Vasha
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* ''OpenVeinsOfLatinAmerica'', by Uruguayan writer Eduardo Galeano.

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* ''OpenVeinsOfLatinAmerica'', ''Literature/OpenVeinsOfLatinAmerica'', by Uruguayan writer Eduardo Galeano.
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