History UsefulNotes / UNIX

20th May '17 1:11:27 PM nombretomado
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In 1991, a programmer in Helsinki, Finland, named Linus Torvalds, who was inspired by MINIX [[note]]and would later have a [[http://www.oreilly.com/openbook/opensources/book/appa.html famous debate]] on {{Usenet}} with its creator, Andrew S. Tanenbaum, on the merits of microkernels vs. Linux's older "monolithic" design[[/note]] posted his intent to build a "little" UNIX clone ([[HilariousInHindsight which he intended to be "just a hobby" and "nothing big like GNU"]]) to Usenet, with some of the work already done. Others agreed to help, and by 1992 ''Linux'', as it was dubbed by one of Linus's helpers,[[note]]Linus had suggested "Freax", pronounced "freaks", but it didn't catch on[[/note]] was maturing quickly.

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In 1991, a programmer in Helsinki, Finland, named Linus Torvalds, who was inspired by MINIX [[note]]and would later have a [[http://www.oreilly.com/openbook/opensources/book/appa.html famous debate]] on {{Usenet}} Website/{{Usenet}} with its creator, Andrew S. Tanenbaum, on the merits of microkernels vs. Linux's older "monolithic" design[[/note]] posted his intent to build a "little" UNIX clone ([[HilariousInHindsight which he intended to be "just a hobby" and "nothing big like GNU"]]) to Usenet, with some of the work already done. Others agreed to help, and by 1992 ''Linux'', as it was dubbed by one of Linus's helpers,[[note]]Linus had suggested "Freax", pronounced "freaks", but it didn't catch on[[/note]] was maturing quickly.
4th May '17 2:04:53 AM Dribbleondo
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The biggest bombshell of it all, however, is probably when {{Creator/Valve Software}} decided to create a spin of ''Debian'' in 2013, calling it ''[=SteamOS=]'' and announcing that the OS will be powering its line of Steam Machine consoles, but will also be free to download for anyone interested in building their own custom Steam Machine. This after porting Steam and several games to Linux, as well as encouraging developers who're using the Steam platform to roll out Linux support as well. The move is seen as encouraging, and many fans of Linux believe this to be finally signalling the rise of Linux as a serious competitor of Windows in the gaming arena.

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The biggest bombshell of it all, however, is probably when {{Creator/Valve Software}} decided to create a spin of ''Debian'' in 2013, calling it ''[=SteamOS=]'' and announcing that the OS will be powering its line of Steam Machine consoles, but will also be free to download for anyone interested in building their own custom Steam Machine. This after porting Steam and several games to Linux, as well as encouraging developers who're using the Steam platform to roll out Linux support as well. Creator/FeralInteractive in particular, has taken this to heart, and has ported [[VideoGame/TombRaider2013 quite]] [[VideoGame/DeusExMankindDivided a few]] Creator/SquareEnix [[VideoGame/Hitman2016 titles]] to [=SteamOS=] and Linux. The move is seen as encouraging, and many fans of Linux believe this to be finally signalling the rise of Linux as a serious competitor of Windows in the gaming arena.
4th Apr '17 3:24:55 AM LB7979
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%% This should really be updated; netbooks are dead. But I don't have the time or energy
%% right now to do it.
22nd Mar '17 11:18:27 AM Fighteer
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%% This should really be updated; netbooks are dead. But I don't have the time or energy right now to do it.
[[quoteright:340:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/unix_desert.png]]

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%% This should really be updated; netbooks are dead. But I don't have the time or energy energy
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right now to do it.
[[quoteright:340:http://static.[[quoteright:346:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/unix_desert.png]]
org/pmwiki/pub/images/UNIXTerminal4_7037.png]]
11th Mar '17 3:56:00 PM nombretomado
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-->"[[MicrosoftWindows Windows]] 95 and UsefulNotes/MacOS are products, contrived by engineers [[MoneyDearBoy in the service of specific companies]]. Unix, by contrast, is not so much a product as it is a painstakingly compiled oral history of the hacker subculture. It is our [[Literature/TheEpicOfGilgamesh Gilgamesh epic]].

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-->"[[MicrosoftWindows -->"[[UsefulNotes/MicrosoftWindows Windows]] 95 and UsefulNotes/MacOS are products, contrived by engineers [[MoneyDearBoy in the service of specific companies]]. Unix, by contrast, is not so much a product as it is a painstakingly compiled oral history of the hacker subculture. It is our [[Literature/TheEpicOfGilgamesh Gilgamesh epic]].
2nd Mar '17 4:17:31 AM Ominae
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There are also several forks of the official Linux kernel, and other UNIX-style systems, being used on high-end electronic devices and smartphones, as well as in networking gear like Ethernet switches and routers, and in many embedded devices. For example: Apple's [=iOS=], used on the [=iPhone=], [=iPod=] Touch, and [=iPad=], contains code from the Darwin base of UsefulNotes/{{macOS}} (formerly OS X). Google's Android operating system, [=iOS=]'s main competitor, contains a fork of the Linux kernel at its core. Also, Sony has confirmed that the UsefulNotes/PlayStation4's OS is in fact a customized version of [=FreeBSD=]. Several home routers also run Linux: either by default, or modded by way of [=DD-WRT, OpenWRT or Tomato=]. Linux even powers a number of Creator/MidwayGames' slot and gambling machines, and some arcade game manufacturers (ie Creator/NamcoBandai with their VideoGame/WanganMidnight series starting from [=WMMT4=]) prefer Linux to Windows Embedded due to the practically nonexistent licensing costs.

to:

There are also several forks of the official Linux kernel, and other UNIX-style systems, being used on high-end electronic devices and smartphones, as well as in networking gear like Ethernet switches and routers, and in many embedded devices. For example: Apple's [=iOS=], used on the [=iPhone=], [=iPod=] Touch, and [=iPad=], contains code from the Darwin base of UsefulNotes/{{macOS}} (formerly OS X). Google's Android operating system, [=iOS=]'s main competitor, contains a fork of the Linux kernel at its core. Also, Sony has confirmed that the UsefulNotes/PlayStation4's OS is in fact a customized version of [=FreeBSD=]. Several home routers also run Linux: either by default, or modded by way of [=DD-WRT, OpenWRT or Tomato=]. Linux even powers a number of Creator/MidwayGames' slot and gambling machines, and some arcade game manufacturers (ie Creator/NamcoBandai Creator/BandaiNamcoEntertainment with their VideoGame/WanganMidnight series starting from [=WMMT4=]) prefer Linux to Windows Embedded due to the practically nonexistent licensing costs.
28th Feb '17 11:26:41 PM hobbledehoy899
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Quirky, often counterintuitive, but incredibly flexible, UNIX has gone from a little-known research operating system in the 1970s to an entire design philosophy. In its experimental days, UNIX stood in the background, influencing [=OSes=] but not making much noise on its own; that changed starting in the mid-1980s, when the first commercial UNIX products appeared, and exploded in the mid-1990s, as [=OSes=] either based directly on UNIX or following its principles came to the forefront via the World Wide Web. As of 2014, UNIX-like operating systems have finally managed to outrank Microsoft Windows in terms of usage share, with UNIX-like systems spanning pretty much all the scales and sizes of computing -- from [=uCLinux=] for microcontrollers and embedded devices, to Apple [=iOS=] and Android for smartphones, to Linux[[note]]mostly in the form of distros with the Linux kernel and GNU software plus desktop environments[[/note]] and macOS (formerly OS X) for desktop computers, to Linux, Oracle Solaris, HP-UX and IBM AIX for servers and mainframes.

to:

Quirky, often seemingly counterintuitive, but incredibly flexible, UNIX has gone from a little-known research operating system in the 1970s to an entire design philosophy. In its experimental days, UNIX stood in the background, influencing [=OSes=] but not making much noise on its own; that changed starting in the mid-1980s, when the first commercial UNIX products appeared, and exploded in the mid-1990s, as [=OSes=] either based directly on UNIX or following its principles came to the forefront via the World Wide Web. As of 2014, UNIX-like operating systems have finally managed to outrank Microsoft Windows in terms of usage share, with UNIX-like systems spanning pretty much all the scales and sizes of computing -- from [=uCLinux=] for microcontrollers and embedded devices, to Apple [=iOS=] and Android for smartphones, to Linux[[note]]mostly in the form of distros with the Linux kernel and GNU software plus desktop environments[[/note]] and macOS (formerly OS X) for desktop computers, to Linux, Oracle Solaris, HP-UX and IBM AIX for servers and mainframes.
28th Feb '17 9:35:36 PM hobbledehoy899
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%% Image selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1354297150076940100
%% Please do not replace or remove without starting a new thread.
%%
%% This should really be updated; netbooks are dead. But I don't have the time or energy
%% right now to do it.
[[quoteright:346:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/UNIXTerminal4_7037.png]]

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%% Image selected per Image Pickin' thread: http://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/posts.php?discussion=1354297150076940100
%% Please do not replace or remove without starting a new thread.
%%
%% This should really be updated; netbooks are dead. But I don't have the time or energy
%%
energy right now to do it.
[[quoteright:346:http://static.[[quoteright:340:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/UNIXTerminal4_7037.png]]
org/pmwiki/pub/images/unix_desert.png]]
17th Feb '17 4:47:02 AM LB7979
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Now, in 2013, UNIX and its clones and derivatives are more popular than ever. Apple decided to open-source the kernel and user tools for Darwin (the basis of macOS 10 and [=iOS=]), and even Solaris (one of the last bastions of old-school commercial UNIX) has since been opened up- just to close again after Sun was bought up by Oracle, which caused much of the community to fork the last open release into the ''illumos'' project (and the official distro ''[=OpenIndiana=]'').

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Now, in 2013, UNIX and its clones and derivatives are more popular than ever. Apple decided to open-source the kernel and user tools for Darwin (the basis of macOS 10 (formerly OS X) and [=iOS=]), and even Solaris (one of the last bastions of old-school commercial UNIX) has since been opened up- just to close again after Sun was bought up by Oracle, which caused much of the community to fork the last open release into the ''illumos'' project (and the official distro ''[=OpenIndiana=]'').



There are also several forks of the official Linux kernel, and other UNIX-style systems, being used on high-end electronic devices and smartphones, as well as in networking gear like Ethernet switches and routers, and in many embedded devices. For example: Apple's [=iOS=], used on the [=iPhone=], [=iPod=] Touch, and [=iPad=], contains code from the Darwin base of UsefulNotes/{{macOS}} 10. Google's Android operating system, [=iOS=]'s main competitor, contains a fork of the Linux kernel at its core. Also, Sony has confirmed that the UsefulNotes/PlayStation4's OS is in fact a customized version of [=FreeBSD=]. Several home routers also run Linux: either by default, or modded by way of [=DD-WRT, OpenWRT or Tomato=]. Linux even powers a number of Creator/MidwayGames' slot and gambling machines, and some arcade game manufacturers (ie Creator/NamcoBandai with their VideoGame/WanganMidnight series starting from [=WMMT4=]) prefer Linux to Windows Embedded due to the practically nonexistent licensing costs.

to:

There are also several forks of the official Linux kernel, and other UNIX-style systems, being used on high-end electronic devices and smartphones, as well as in networking gear like Ethernet switches and routers, and in many embedded devices. For example: Apple's [=iOS=], used on the [=iPhone=], [=iPod=] Touch, and [=iPad=], contains code from the Darwin base of UsefulNotes/{{macOS}} 10.(formerly OS X). Google's Android operating system, [=iOS=]'s main competitor, contains a fork of the Linux kernel at its core. Also, Sony has confirmed that the UsefulNotes/PlayStation4's OS is in fact a customized version of [=FreeBSD=]. Several home routers also run Linux: either by default, or modded by way of [=DD-WRT, OpenWRT or Tomato=]. Linux even powers a number of Creator/MidwayGames' slot and gambling machines, and some arcade game manufacturers (ie Creator/NamcoBandai with their VideoGame/WanganMidnight series starting from [=WMMT4=]) prefer Linux to Windows Embedded due to the practically nonexistent licensing costs.
17th Feb '17 4:42:29 AM LB7979
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Quirky, often counterintuitive, but incredibly flexible, UNIX has gone from a little-known research operating system in the 1970s to an entire design philosophy. In its experimental days, UNIX stood in the background, influencing [=OSes=] but not making much noise on its own; that changed starting in the mid-1980s, when the first commercial UNIX products appeared, and exploded in the mid-1990s, as [=OSes=] either based directly on UNIX or following its principles came to the forefront via the World Wide Web. As of 2014, UNIX-like operating systems have finally managed to outrank Microsoft Windows in terms of usage share, with UNIX-like systems spanning pretty much all the scales and sizes of computing -- from [=uCLinux=] for microcontrollers and embedded devices, to Apple [=iOS=] and Android for smartphones, to Linux[[note]]mostly in the form of distros with the Linux kernel and GNU software plus desktop environments[[/note]] and macOS 10 for desktop computers, to Linux, Oracle Solaris, HP-UX and IBM AIX for servers and mainframes.

to:

Quirky, often counterintuitive, but incredibly flexible, UNIX has gone from a little-known research operating system in the 1970s to an entire design philosophy. In its experimental days, UNIX stood in the background, influencing [=OSes=] but not making much noise on its own; that changed starting in the mid-1980s, when the first commercial UNIX products appeared, and exploded in the mid-1990s, as [=OSes=] either based directly on UNIX or following its principles came to the forefront via the World Wide Web. As of 2014, UNIX-like operating systems have finally managed to outrank Microsoft Windows in terms of usage share, with UNIX-like systems spanning pretty much all the scales and sizes of computing -- from [=uCLinux=] for microcontrollers and embedded devices, to Apple [=iOS=] and Android for smartphones, to Linux[[note]]mostly in the form of distros with the Linux kernel and GNU software plus desktop environments[[/note]] and macOS 10 (formerly OS X) for desktop computers, to Linux, Oracle Solaris, HP-UX and IBM AIX for servers and mainframes.
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