History UsefulNotes / Transgender

3rd Sep '17 4:52:48 PM Malady
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Sexual orientation can be difficult to describe in a binary, ciscentric framework. Traditional labels, like "heterosexual," "{{homosexual}}" and "UsefulNotes/{{bisexual}}", are based on the gender binary, and break down when the very framework of gender is in question, although many transgender people use them for themselves nonetheless. Without getting too philosophical, however, they are like everyone in this respect -- they may have a sexual preference for males, females, both or neither (or for wider or narrower sections of the gender spectrum), regardless of the direction of their identity. There are [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gynephilia_and_androphilia proposed terms]] for sexual orientation that would help resolve the ambiguities, but they are yet to meet universal recognition.

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Sexual orientation can be difficult to describe in a binary, ciscentric framework. Traditional labels, like "heterosexual," "{{homosexual}}" "UsefulNotes/{{homosexual}}" and "UsefulNotes/{{bisexual}}", are based on the gender binary, and break down when the very framework of gender is in question, although many transgender people use them for themselves nonetheless. Without getting too philosophical, however, they are like everyone in this respect -- they may have a sexual preference for males, females, both or neither (or for wider or narrower sections of the gender spectrum), regardless of the direction of their identity. There are [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gynephilia_and_androphilia proposed terms]] for sexual orientation that would help resolve the ambiguities, but they are yet to meet universal recognition.
5th Aug '17 6:01:21 PM TheKaizerreich
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** It has now been [[http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20032-transsexual-differences-caught-on-brain-scan.html#.Uk1rjyTrxD8 shown]] that transgender people possess brain structures similar to their cis counterparts, proving further they are not just mentally ill. A newer study confirms the above's results.

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** It has now been [[http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20032-transsexual-differences-caught-on-brain-scan.html#.Uk1rjyTrxD8 shown]] that transgender people possess brain structures similar to their cis counterparts, proving further they are not just mentally ill. A newer study (whose link has sadly expired) confirms the above's results.
5th Aug '17 6:00:54 PM TheKaizerreich
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** It has now been [[http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20032-transsexual-differences-caught-on-brain-scan.html#.Uk1rjyTrxD8 shown]] that transgender people possess brain structures similar to their cis counterparts, proving further they are not just mentally ill. A [[http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/09/12/cercor.bhu194.full newer study]] confirms the above's results.

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** It has now been [[http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn20032-transsexual-differences-caught-on-brain-scan.html#.Uk1rjyTrxD8 shown]] that transgender people possess brain structures similar to their cis counterparts, proving further they are not just mentally ill. A [[http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/09/12/cercor.bhu194.full newer study]] study confirms the above's results.
5th Aug '17 5:52:29 PM TheKaizerreich
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The other side is physical change -- becoming closer in appearance and function to the target sex -- which can be motivated not just by desire of social acceptance, but also by psychological issues of self-esteem, and yes, the "wrong body" feeling. Much is written in details about physical transition as well, involving voice training/alteration, sex-specific steps (e.g. hair or breast removal), the proverbial hormone therapy, and the even more proverbial "op" -- that is, genital surgery.

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The other side is physical change -- becoming closer in appearance and function to the target sex gender -- which can be motivated not just by desire of social acceptance, but also by psychological issues of self-esteem, and yes, the "wrong body" feeling. Much is written in details about physical transition as well, involving voice training/alteration, sex-specific steps (e.g. hair or breast removal), the proverbial hormone therapy, and the even more proverbial "op" -- that is, genital surgery.
5th Aug '17 5:51:18 PM TheKaizerreich
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Some activists stretch the definition to include everyone who doesn't conform to gender expectations, whether expectations about anatomy or behavior -- this broader definition would include cross-dressers who otherwise still agree with whatever gender labels they got at birth. There's also academic and activist debate over whether some non-Western societies' "third genders" or "third sexes" -- categories which are traditional but also not considered "male" or "female" -- should be counted under "transgender"... but this isn't an Anthropology of Gender course.

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Some activists stretch the definition to include everyone who doesn't conform to gender expectations, whether expectations about anatomy or behavior -- this broader definition would include cross-dressers who otherwise still agree with whatever gender labels sex they got asigned at birth. There's also academic and activist debate over whether some non-Western societies' "third genders" or "third sexes" -- categories which are traditional but also not considered "male" or "female" -- should be counted under "transgender"..."transgender", or more likely "non-binary"... but this isn't an Anthropology of Gender course.



Being transgender is frequently associated with a symptom known as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_dysphoria gender dysphoria]]. It manifests differently between individuals, but generally speaking, it involves a sense of dissatisfaction with one's physical sex (hence "dysphoria"), and a wish to have a body of a different sex. Some symptoms that can occur but are, once again, not universal, include the feeling of "being in a wrong body", evaluating one's body by the standards of the other sex (even subconsciously), cross-gender dreams, transformation fantasies, and so on.

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Being transgender is frequently associated with a symptom known as [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gender_dysphoria gender dysphoria]]. It manifests differently between individuals, but generally speaking, it involves a sense of dissatisfaction with one's physical body as the result of their biological sex (hence "dysphoria"), and a wish to have a body of a different sex. gender. Some symptoms that can occur but are, once again, not universal, include the feeling of "being in a wrong body", evaluating one's body by the standards of the other sex side's (even subconsciously), cross-gender dreams, transformation fantasies, and so on.



Opinions are divided on whether gender dysphoria is inborn or a result of personality development. To the big picture, it is largely irrelevant. It can manifest at different ages, although subconscious manifestations of dysphoria can at times be traced to the time before conscious self-discovery. For a somewhat dated (it was made in TheEighties) but still fascinating look at some of the brain and body chemistry behind gender, the BBC documentary ''The Fight To Be Male'' is an excellent place to start.

Consider the typical involuntary GenderBender plot (such as in ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'', or with Roy in ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick''): the victim often outright hates or is ashamed by their new body, experiencing discomfort with it and seeking ways to remove the "curse". This is how many cisgender[[labelnote:*]]People whose society-assigned gender matches their sex. (ie, a man who is born with a penis)[[/labelnote]] people might react, while many transgender people would [[CursedWithAwesome consider the "curse" a blessing]]. In fact, transition (see below) exists exactly because there's no convenient way in real life to quickly change a human's physical sex. If there was one, transition would largely be limited to social adaptation to the new gender role.

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Opinions are divided on whether gender dysphoria is inborn or a result of personality development.development, but it is often stated by medical experts to relate to one's brain structure not matching the expectation (i.e. a biologically male person developed a female brain structure or vice-versa). To the big picture, it is largely irrelevant. It can manifest at different ages, although subconscious manifestations of dysphoria can at times be traced to the time before conscious self-discovery. For a somewhat dated (it was made in TheEighties) but still fascinating look at some of the brain and body chemistry behind gender, the BBC documentary ''The Fight To Be Male'' is an excellent place to start.

Consider the typical involuntary GenderBender plot (such as in ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'', or with Roy in ''Webcomic/TheOrderOfTheStick''): the victim often outright hates or is ashamed by their new body, experiencing discomfort with it and seeking ways to remove the "curse". This is how many cisgender[[labelnote:*]]People cisgender people[[note]]those whose society-assigned gender matches their sex. (ie, asigned sex, i.e. a man who is born with a penis)[[/labelnote]] penis[[/note]] people might react, while many transgender people would [[CursedWithAwesome consider the "curse" a blessing]]. In fact, transition (see below) exists exactly because there's no convenient way in real life to quickly change a human's physical sex. Yet, anyway. If there was one, transition would largely be limited to social adaptation to the new gender role.
5th Aug '17 5:44:10 PM TheKaizerreich
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Since sex[[note]]categories based on anatomy at birth and biology, i.e. chromosomes[[/note]] and gender[[note]]categories based on social roles or feelings[[/note]] are frequently associated or conflated in most societies, including Western ones, babies with penises are designated baby boys and babies with vaginas are designated baby girls. [[{{Intersex}} Sometimes this gets difficult, of course.]] But "transgender" is an umbrella term that can be used to refer to all people whose genders don't match the ones they were designated. This includes (the most commonly depicted) "trans women", women who are designated male at birth; "trans men", men who are designated female at birth; and nonbinary people who don't identify as men or women (but can identify as a combination of men, women, and other genders), and even agender/neutrois people who don't identify as any established gender identity. There are also ''bigender'' people, who identify as ''both'' male and female, and are usually included in the "nonbinary" or "genderqueer" category above.

to:

Since sex[[note]]categories based on anatomy at birth and biology, i.e. chromosomes[[/note]] and gender[[note]]categories based on social roles or feelings[[/note]] are frequently associated or conflated in most societies, including Western ones, babies with penises are designated baby boys and babies with vaginas are designated baby girls. [[{{Intersex}} Sometimes this gets difficult, of course.]] But "transgender" is an umbrella term that can be used to refer to all people whose genders don't match the ones sex they were designated.designated based on visual factors and DNA. This includes (the most commonly depicted) "trans women", women who are designated male at birth; "trans men", men who are designated female at birth; and nonbinary people who don't identify as men or women (but can identify as a combination of men, women, and other genders), and even agender/neutrois people who don't identify as any established gender identity. There are also ''bigender'' people, who identify as ''both'' male and female, and are usually included in the "nonbinary" or "genderqueer" category above.
5th Aug '17 5:42:52 PM TheKaizerreich
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Since sex[[note]]categories based on anatomy at birth[[/note]] and gender[[note]]categories based on social roles or feelings[[/note]] are frequently associated or conflated in most societies, including Western ones, babies with penises are designated baby boys and babies with vaginas are designated baby girls. [[{{Intersex}} Sometimes this gets difficult, of course.]] But "transgender" is an umbrella term that can be used to refer to all people whose genders don't match the ones they were designated. This includes (the most commonly depicted) "trans women", women who are designated male at birth; "trans men", men who are designated female at birth; and nonbinary people who don't identify as men or women (but can identify as a combination of men, women, and other genders), and even agender/neutrois people who don't identify as any established gender identity. There are also ''bigender'' people, who identify as ''both'' male and female, and are usually included in the "nonbinary" or "genderqueer" category above.

to:

Since sex[[note]]categories based on anatomy at birth[[/note]] birth and biology, i.e. chromosomes[[/note]] and gender[[note]]categories based on social roles or feelings[[/note]] are frequently associated or conflated in most societies, including Western ones, babies with penises are designated baby boys and babies with vaginas are designated baby girls. [[{{Intersex}} Sometimes this gets difficult, of course.]] But "transgender" is an umbrella term that can be used to refer to all people whose genders don't match the ones they were designated. This includes (the most commonly depicted) "trans women", women who are designated male at birth; "trans men", men who are designated female at birth; and nonbinary people who don't identify as men or women (but can identify as a combination of men, women, and other genders), and even agender/neutrois people who don't identify as any established gender identity. There are also ''bigender'' people, who identify as ''both'' male and female, and are usually included in the "nonbinary" or "genderqueer" category above.
8th Jul '17 5:09:09 PM rainingsomewhere
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** Transgender people are not exemplified by what you may have seen on ''[[Series/TheJerrySpringerShow Jerry Springer]]'' or in the more freakish media portrayals, and are no more inclined toward violent or "dangerous" behavior than the common cisgender population. In the case of trans women, the hormones they are on are actually generally ''less'' conducive to violence or sexual predation. In the case of trans men, the dosage of testosterone most are on is ''not'' enough to induce "roid rage" or violent mood swings and most have lived long enough socialized as closeted transmen (which is very similar to female socialization) to ''not'' seek violence as the first and only solution to a bad day or a mood swing. Most transgender people are more likely to be the ''victims'' of violence or sexual assault than the perpetrators of it, or to be capable of violence (martial arts or street fighting skill, carrying a knife or firearm) but only willing to use it in self-defense to stop someone from raping or killing them or someone else.

to:

** Transgender people are not exemplified by what you may have seen on ''[[Series/TheJerrySpringerShow Jerry Springer]]'' or in the more freakish media portrayals, and are no more inclined toward violent or "dangerous" behavior than the common cisgender population. In the case of trans women, the hormones they are on are actually generally ''less'' conducive to violence or sexual predation. In the case of trans men, the dosage of testosterone most are on is ''not'' enough to induce "roid rage" or violent mood swings and most have lived long enough socialized as closeted transmen trans men (which is very similar to female socialization) to ''not'' seek violence as the first and only solution to a bad day or a mood swing. Most transgender people are more likely to be the ''victims'' of violence or sexual assault than the perpetrators of it, or to be capable of violence (martial arts or street fighting skill, carrying a knife or firearm) but only willing to use it in self-defense to stop someone from raping or killing them or someone else.
8th Feb '17 11:55:52 AM VanHohenheimOfXerxes
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None of this is relevant to whether they are actually "trans enough" or not, despite what [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment some may say]]. The five foot one trans man who keeps his "pink collar" job/doesn't bulk up/is asexual/doesn't like sports/still has to use the ladies room in some situations/etc is ''just as much of a man'' as the six foot tall one who retrained to a more traditionally "male" job/got into bodybuilding/developed a reputation as a heterosexual [[TheCasanova Casanova]]/is a huge sports fan/who would never have to fear for his safety in a restroom/etc. The broad-shouldered and deep-voiced trans woman who works in occupations related to her past work in the military/is a lesbian/doesn't have much of an interest in makeup and fashion/is barred by law from using the ladies room is ''just as much of a woman'' as the slight and thin one who became a teacher or nurse or housewife/who got married to a very masculine cisgender man/always has absolutely perfect fashion and makeup/lives in a place where no one or the law would question her right to use the ladies' room.

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None of this is relevant to whether they are actually "trans enough" or not, despite what [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment [[NoTrueScotsman some may say]]. The five foot one trans man who keeps his "pink collar" job/doesn't bulk up/is asexual/doesn't like sports/still has to use the ladies room in some situations/etc is ''just as much of a man'' as the six foot tall one who retrained to a more traditionally "male" job/got into bodybuilding/developed a reputation as a heterosexual [[TheCasanova Casanova]]/is ladies' man]]/is a huge sports fan/who would never have to fear for his safety in a restroom/etc. The broad-shouldered and deep-voiced trans woman who works in occupations related to her past work in the military/is a lesbian/doesn't have much of an interest in makeup and fashion/is barred by law from using the ladies room is ''just as much of a woman'' as the slight and thin one who became a teacher or nurse or housewife/who got married to a very masculine cisgender man/always has absolutely perfect fashion and makeup/lives in a place where no one or the law would question her right to use the ladies' room.
30th Dec '16 8:38:59 AM moongalleon22
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** Similarly, while people with Asperger's Syndrome/high-functioning autism are slightly more likely to be LGBT+ than allistic people, it has a ''very'' high overlap with being transgender male, with ''many'' transmen being on the spectrum to some degree, to the point that a strong correlation (although not causation) has been noticed between the two, and it's debated as to whether some of the same genetic or fetal developmental factors are involved. For those who ''are'' on the spectrum, it provides additional difficulties with social integration and achieving a "normal" life, and the combination ''can'' be disabling, especially in societies where "weird" people are heavily discriminated against.

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** Similarly, while people with Asperger's Syndrome/high-functioning autism are slightly more likely to be LGBT+ than allistic people, it has a ''very'' high overlap with being transgender male, with ''many'' transmen trans men and genderqueer people being on the spectrum to some degree, to the point that a strong correlation (although not causation) has been noticed between the two, and it's debated as to whether some of the same genetic or fetal developmental factors are involved. For those who ''are'' on the spectrum, it provides additional difficulties with social integration and achieving a "normal" life, and the combination ''can'' be disabling, especially in societies where "weird" people are heavily discriminated against. It is unknown if this overlap is biological, or perhaps due to autistic people not understanding (or caring to understand) social gender constructs.
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