History UsefulNotes / TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland

24th Sep '16 4:07:22 AM Morgenthaler
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The Rhineland part of North-Rhine-Westphalia consists of the former territories of various minor duchies and counties, the larger part of Electorate and Archbishopric of Cologne, and the former Free Imperial Cities of Cologne and Aachen. A lot of people in the Rhineland and Westphalia like to stress that their mentality is different from the [[{{Prussia}} Prussian]] one and that they only became part of that state in 1815. This does not apply as much to those parts of the state that had been part of the monarchy since before the Margraviate of Brandenburg became the Kingdom of Prussia, e. g. the area around Wesel on the Lower Rhine and the counties of Mark (with Bochum) and Ravensberg (Bielefeld).

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The Rhineland part of North-Rhine-Westphalia consists of the former territories of various minor duchies and counties, the larger part of Electorate and Archbishopric of Cologne, and the former Free Imperial Cities of Cologne and Aachen. A lot of people in the Rhineland and Westphalia like to stress that their mentality is different from the [[{{Prussia}} [[UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}} Prussian]] one and that they only became part of that state in 1815. This does not apply as much to those parts of the state that had been part of the monarchy since before the Margraviate of Brandenburg became the Kingdom of Prussia, e. g. the area around Wesel on the Lower Rhine and the counties of Mark (with Bochum) and Ravensberg (Bielefeld).
23rd Sep '16 3:32:53 AM Morgenthaler
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** From the Enlightment until WorldWarII, the word ''Reich'' (Empire, a cognate to "realm", so to speak) is used; this is also true for the WeimarRepublic in spite of its republican nature. For most of legal history, ''Reich'' and ''Bund'' were interchangable.

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** From the Enlightment until WorldWarII, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, the word ''Reich'' (Empire, a cognate to "realm", so to speak) is used; this is also true for the WeimarRepublic in spite of its republican nature. For most of legal history, ''Reich'' and ''Bund'' were interchangable.



Historically the Margraviate of Brandenburg, it was an important part - one of the seven original Electorats - of the Holy Roman Empire and became the nucleus of Prussia; until WorldWarII, Brandenburg also extended beyond the Oder. The southeastern corner of the state, ''Niederlausitz'' ("Lower Lusatia"), is home to the Sorbs, a Slavic minority with a language of their own (Sorbian, not to be confused with Serbian; it's closely related to Polish, Czech, and Slovak).

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Historically the Margraviate of Brandenburg, it was an important part - one of the seven original Electorats - of the Holy Roman Empire and became the nucleus of Prussia; until WorldWarII, UsefulNotes/WorldWarII, Brandenburg also extended beyond the Oder. The southeastern corner of the state, ''Niederlausitz'' ("Lower Lusatia"), is home to the Sorbs, a Slavic minority with a language of their own (Sorbian, not to be confused with Serbian; it's closely related to Polish, Czech, and Slovak).



Formerly in EastGermany, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [[note]]although Vorpommern has always been translated as "Western Pomerania", the more accurate name would be '''Hither Pomerania''' or '''Cispomerania''', both were formerly used as variant names in English[[/note]] is the result of the merger between the former Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz, along with majority of western half of the Prussian province of Pomerania. "Majority" is the keyword here, since the historically Western Pomeranian cities of Stettin, Swinemünde, and Pölitz were given to Poland after WorldWarII and were promptly renamed Szczecin, Świnoujście, and Police, respectively.

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Formerly in EastGermany, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern [[note]]although Vorpommern has always been translated as "Western Pomerania", the more accurate name would be '''Hither Pomerania''' or '''Cispomerania''', both were formerly used as variant names in English[[/note]] is the result of the merger between the former Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz, along with majority of western half of the Prussian province of Pomerania. "Majority" is the keyword here, since the historically Western Pomeranian cities of Stettin, Swinemünde, and Pölitz were given to Poland after WorldWarII UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and were promptly renamed Szczecin, Świnoujście, and Police, respectively.



Formerly the northern part of the French Zone of Occupation, Rheinland-Pfalz consists of territories that, before WorldWarII belonged to Prussia (Rhineland), Bavaria (Palatinate) and Hesse (Rheinhessen). Bordering France, Luxemburg and Belgium. Much agriculture and viticulture, offering a wide variety of and many good vines.

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Formerly the northern part of the French Zone of Occupation, Rheinland-Pfalz consists of territories that, before WorldWarII UsefulNotes/WorldWarII belonged to Prussia (Rhineland), Bavaria (Palatinate) and Hesse (Rheinhessen). Bordering France, Luxemburg and Belgium. Much agriculture and viticulture, offering a wide variety of and many good vines.



Formally known as Freistaat Sachsen (Free State of Saxony), the state is a former East German territory, and both the Left and Neo-Nazi NPD does well there[[note]]5% isn't exactly a stellar performance for the latter, yet for the party to enter the state Landtag with some members...[[/note]]. Until 1918 it was one of the four kingdoms of the German Empire. The easternmost part, Oberlausitz (Upper Lusatia), is home to the Sorbs, a Slavic minority speaking a language of their own, and includes the only part of the former Prussian province of Silesia that did not become Polish after WorldWarII.

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Formally known as Freistaat Sachsen (Free State of Saxony), the state is a former East German territory, and both the Left and Neo-Nazi NPD does well there[[note]]5% isn't exactly a stellar performance for the latter, yet for the party to enter the state Landtag with some members...[[/note]]. Until 1918 it was one of the four kingdoms of the German Empire. The easternmost part, Oberlausitz (Upper Lusatia), is home to the Sorbs, a Slavic minority speaking a language of their own, and includes the only part of the former Prussian province of Silesia that did not become Polish after WorldWarII.UsefulNotes/WorldWarII.



Apart from standard High German, Schleswig-Holstein has three more official languages: Low German, Frisian (spoken on the North Sea coast) and Danish. The Danish minority on the northern border has a special status, most notably in that the "Südschleswiger Wählerbund" (SSW), the South Schleswig Electors' Association, is exempt in state elections from the German law that admits only parties that receive at least 5% of the national vote or receive majority of votes in a constituency to state and federal parliaments. The SSW thus usually has one representative in the Landtag in Kiel. A similar status applies to the German-speaking minority in Northern Schleswig, which became part of Denmark due to a referendum after WorldWarI.

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Apart from standard High German, Schleswig-Holstein has three more official languages: Low German, Frisian (spoken on the North Sea coast) and Danish. The Danish minority on the northern border has a special status, most notably in that the "Südschleswiger Wählerbund" (SSW), the South Schleswig Electors' Association, is exempt in state elections from the German law that admits only parties that receive at least 5% of the national vote or receive majority of votes in a constituency to state and federal parliaments. The SSW thus usually has one representative in the Landtag in Kiel. A similar status applies to the German-speaking minority in Northern Schleswig, which became part of Denmark due to a referendum after WorldWarI.
UsefulNotes/WorldWarI.
7th Sep '16 1:19:40 AM Morgenthaler
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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Much of Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars, including Greifswald, Stralsund and Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[UsefulNotes/TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[UsefulNotes/ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi after German Reunification.

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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Much of Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars, including Greifswald, Stralsund and Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[UsefulNotes/TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[UsefulNotes/ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi UsefulNotes/TheStasi after German Reunification.
3rd Sep '16 11:26:50 AM Morgenthaler
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* '''Trier:''' Formerly commonly known by its French name "Treves", though pronounced "Treevz". Trier is ''the'' oldest city in Germany, founded around 16 BCE, which once served as a provincial capital of the Roman Empire. Until 1803 one of the ecclesiastical states of the HolyRomanEmpire and seat of the Prince-Archbishop and Elector of Trier. Birthplace of Creator/KarlMarx.

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* '''Trier:''' Formerly commonly known by its French name "Treves", though pronounced "Treevz". Trier is ''the'' oldest city in Germany, founded around 16 BCE, which once served as a provincial capital of the Roman Empire. Until 1803 one of the ecclesiastical states of the HolyRomanEmpire UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire and seat of the Prince-Archbishop and Elector of Trier. Birthplace of Creator/KarlMarx.
9th Aug '16 1:22:36 PM Morgenthaler
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Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost state and part of the Jutland peninsula, with the rest taken by Danish Jutland. Danish flags are not uncommon, as the land was both German and Danish; the question has much to do with how the King of Denmark[[note]]Since the Middle Ages, the Danish royal house is a branch of the German house of Oldenburg or Schleswig-Holstein, other branches of which ruled in the duchy of Oldenburg and, since Peter III, in Russia. UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfWindsor will technically be part of this House upon the death of Elizabeth II, as her husband, Prince Philip, is a member, and [[LineageComesFromTheFather house membership passes through the male line]]; however, nobody except royalty nerds really care.[[/note]] was also the Duke of Schleswig and Holstein and had a seat in the Holy Roman Empire as the latter. In the late Middle Ages Lübeck (then a free city) was the second-largest city in Germany and later the capital of the HanseaticLeague that controlled most trade on the Baltic Sea. Even today, Schleswig-Holstein has many cultural similarities with Denmark and Sweden, arguably even much more than other German states. This, however, is partly due to the considerable cultural influence of Northern Germany in particular on Scandinavia. Transport is a major function of the area. A canal goes between the Baltic and North Sea saving hundreds of miles going around Jutland.

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Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost state and part of the Jutland peninsula, with the rest taken by Danish Jutland. Danish flags are not uncommon, as the land was both German and Danish; the question has much to do with how the King of Denmark[[note]]Since the Middle Ages, the Danish royal house is a branch of the German house of Oldenburg or Schleswig-Holstein, other branches of which ruled in the duchy of Oldenburg and, since Peter III, in Russia. UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfWindsor will technically be part of this House upon the death of Elizabeth II, as her husband, Prince Philip, is a member, and [[LineageComesFromTheFather house membership passes through the male line]]; however, nobody except royalty nerds really care.[[/note]] was also the Duke of Schleswig and Holstein and had a seat in the Holy Roman Empire as the latter. In the late Middle Ages Lübeck (then a free city) was the second-largest city in Germany and later the capital of the HanseaticLeague UsefulNotes/HanseaticLeague that controlled most trade on the Baltic Sea. Even today, Schleswig-Holstein has many cultural similarities with Denmark and Sweden, arguably even much more than other German states. This, however, is partly due to the considerable cultural influence of Northern Germany in particular on Scandinavia. Transport is a major function of the area. A canal goes between the Baltic and North Sea saving hundreds of miles going around Jutland.
9th Aug '16 5:17:17 AM Morgenthaler
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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Much of Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars, including Greifswald, Stralsund and Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi after German Reunification.

to:

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Much of Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars, including Greifswald, Stralsund and Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[TheChancellorsOfGermany [[UsefulNotes/TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[ThePresidentsofGermany [[UsefulNotes/ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi after German Reunification.
13th Jul '16 5:05:07 PM Jhonny
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Best known for its parks, being a major port and the Reeperbahn. The latter, a famous red-light district and the largest in Europe, was where Music/TheBeatles used to had their their gigs before they were global sensations. It (Hamburg, not the Reeperbahn) is also the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, aka the International Maritime Court.

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Best known for its parks, being a major port and the Reeperbahn. The latter, a famous red-light district and the largest in Europe, was where Music/TheBeatles used to had their their first gigs before they were global sensations. It (Hamburg, not the Reeperbahn) is also the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, aka the International Maritime Court.
13th Jul '16 5:19:20 AM Morgenthaler
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Best known for its parks, being a major port and the Reeperbahn. The latter, a famous red-light district and the largest in Europe, was where Music/TheBeatles had their first gigs before they were global sensations. It (Hamburg, not the Reeperbahn) is also the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, aka the International Maritime Court.

to:

Best known for its parks, being a major port and the Reeperbahn. The latter, a famous red-light district and the largest in Europe, was where Music/TheBeatles used to had their first their gigs before they were global sensations. It (Hamburg, not the Reeperbahn) is also the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, aka the International Maritime Court.



In legend, the [[HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor]] Frederick [[BadAssBeard Barba]][[RedheadedHero rossa]] is [[SealedGoodInACan asleep]] [[KingInTheMountain in the Kyffhäuser mountains]] near the village of Tilleda in this state.

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In legend, the [[HolyRomanEmpire Holy Roman Emperor]] Frederick [[BadAssBeard Barba]][[RedheadedHero rossa]] Barbarossa]] is [[SealedGoodInACan asleep]] [[KingInTheMountain in the Kyffhäuser mountains]] near the village of Tilleda in this state.
13th Jul '16 5:19:10 AM LtFedora
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Best known for its parks, being a major port and the Reeperbahn. The latter, a famous red-light district and the largest in Europe, was where Music/TheBeatles used to had their their gigs before they were global sensations. It (Hamburg, not the Reeperbahn) is also the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, aka the International Maritime Court.

to:

Best known for its parks, being a major port and the Reeperbahn. The latter, a famous red-light district and the largest in Europe, was where Music/TheBeatles used to had their their first gigs before they were global sensations. It (Hamburg, not the Reeperbahn) is also the seat of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, aka the International Maritime Court.
22nd May '16 8:30:27 AM Prfnoff
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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars and includes Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi after German Reunification.

to:

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Much of Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars Wars, including Greifswald, Stralsund and includes Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi after German Reunification.



* '''Wismar:''' Yet another old Hanseatic City, this one became famous as Nosferatu was filmed there; along with Lübeck, the city also served as the basis for the film's fictional setting of ''Wisborg''. Ironically, while the WernerHerzog homage was explicitly set in Wismar, he filmed his version in the Netherlands as a stand-in due to the city being part of EastGermany at that time.

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* '''Wismar:''' Yet another old Hanseatic City, port city which was a Swedish semi-enclave in Mecklenburg from the Thirty Years War until 1903, this one became famous as Nosferatu ''Film/{{Nosferatu}}'' was filmed there; along with Lübeck, the city also served as the basis for the film's fictional setting of ''Wisborg''. Ironically, while the WernerHerzog homage was explicitly set in Wismar, he filmed his version in the Netherlands as a stand-in due to the city being part of EastGermany at that time.
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