History UsefulNotes / TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland

22nd May '16 8:30:27 AM Prfnoff
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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars and includes Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi after German Reunification.

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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern contains the remains of Germany's long Baltic coastline; despite this, it is still a premier holiday destination thanks to Rügen and the charming seaside towns which contain marvelous examples of Brick Gothic architecture. Much of Vorpommern was part of Sweden from the UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar to the Napoleonic Wars Wars, including Greifswald, Stralsund and includes Germany's biggest island, the aformentioned Rügen. Both Germany's current heads of state come from the state, with [[TheChancellorsOfGermany Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel]] raised in northern Brandenburg near the border with M-V, and has represented the district Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the Bundestag since reunification; and [[ThePresidentsofGermany Federal President Joachim Gauck]], a former Lutheran pastor born and raised in Rostock who later became an anti-communist activist during the HoleinFlag revolutions, and later becoming head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi after German Reunification.



* '''Wismar:''' Yet another old Hanseatic City, this one became famous as Nosferatu was filmed there; along with Lübeck, the city also served as the basis for the film's fictional setting of ''Wisborg''. Ironically, while the WernerHerzog homage was explicitly set in Wismar, he filmed his version in the Netherlands as a stand-in due to the city being part of EastGermany at that time.

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* '''Wismar:''' Yet another old Hanseatic City, port city which was a Swedish semi-enclave in Mecklenburg from the Thirty Years War until 1903, this one became famous as Nosferatu ''Film/{{Nosferatu}}'' was filmed there; along with Lübeck, the city also served as the basis for the film's fictional setting of ''Wisborg''. Ironically, while the WernerHerzog homage was explicitly set in Wismar, he filmed his version in the Netherlands as a stand-in due to the city being part of EastGermany at that time.
12th Apr '16 10:49:16 AM Jhonny
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* '''Lübeck:''' Formerly the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck, its old town was largely destroyed in one of the Royal Air Forces's first major air raids in World War II. Lübeck was [[JustTheFirstCitizen "Primus inter pares"]] (first among equals) in the Hanseatic League of medieval Baltic seaport cities and got filthily rich during that time - something which is still evidenced by its old town and a beautiful Hanse museum that was opened in TheNewTens. Childhood home of writing brothers Heinrich and Thomas Mann, and residence of Nobel Prize winner Günter Grass until his death. Already saddled with a reputation of a DyingTown by the time of the Mann brothers (Buddenbrooks is best understood with the slow decline of Lübeck from one the richest cities in the world to a backwater in mind), Lübeck took several hits in the years afterwards. First it was stripped of its Free and Hanseatic city state (within Germany) status by ThoseWackyNazis, then it was bombed by the Allies - even though Hitler hated the town - and after the war the border between East and West Germany was right at the outskirts of town, actually annexing some minor suburbs to the East. Still, Lübeck managed to scrape by more or less and actually restored much of its beautiful old town - until TheGreatPoliticsMessUp , when not only did Lübeck lose an extra subsidy for being so close to the "iron curtain", it also had to compete with East German towns that were ''now'' getting subsidies instead. Add to that a total collapse of shipbuilding (one of the major industries up to that point) and you know have a beautiful town that lives on its glorious past and tourism but has not much besides that.

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* '''Lübeck:''' Formerly the Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck, its old town was largely destroyed in one of the Royal Air Forces's first major air raids in World War II. Lübeck was [[JustTheFirstCitizen "Primus inter pares"]] (first among equals) in the Hanseatic League of medieval Baltic seaport cities and got filthily rich during that time - something which is still evidenced by its old town and a beautiful Hanse museum that was opened in TheNewTens. Childhood home of writing brothers Heinrich and Thomas Mann, and residence of Nobel Prize winner Günter Grass until his death. Already saddled with a reputation of a DyingTown by the time of the Mann brothers (Buddenbrooks is best understood with the slow decline of Lübeck from one the richest cities in the world to a backwater in mind), Lübeck took several hits in the years afterwards. First it was stripped of its Free and Hanseatic city state (within Germany) status by ThoseWackyNazis, then it was bombed by the Allies - even though Hitler hated the town - and after the war the border between East and West Germany was right at the outskirts of town, actually annexing some minor suburbs to the East. Still, Lübeck managed to scrape by more or less and actually restored much of its beautiful old town - until TheGreatPoliticsMessUp , when not only did Lübeck lose an extra subsidy for being so close to the "iron curtain", it also had to compete with East German towns that were ''now'' getting subsidies instead. Add to that a total collapse of shipbuilding (one of the major industries up to that point) and you know now have a beautiful town that lives on its glorious past and tourism but has not much besides that.
12th Apr '16 10:33:12 AM Jhonny
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* '''Braunschweig (Brunswick):''' Braunschweig was the capital of the same-named Duchy. The Low German form of its name was used by the Guelph branch that ruled in Britain as the House of Hanover (officially the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg, hence the name of the Canadian province of New Brunswick as well as other "New Brunswick"s in North America, e.g. the town in New Jersey where the main campus of Rutgers is). Brunswick was the first city in Germany where football was played according to the Association Rules ("Soccer"). Although [[GermanPeculiarities most German towns and regions have associated forms of sausage]], Braunschweig lends its name to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braunschweiger a particularly internationally famous form of liver sausage]].

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* '''Braunschweig (Brunswick):''' Braunschweig was the capital of the same-named Duchy. The Low German form of its name was used by the Guelph branch that ruled in Britain as the House of Hanover (officially the House of Brunswick-Lüneburg, hence the name of the Canadian province of New Brunswick as well as other "New Brunswick"s in North America, e.g. the town in New Jersey where the main campus of Rutgers is). Brunswick was the first city in Germany where football was played according to the Association Rules ("Soccer"). Although [[GermanPeculiarities most German towns and regions have associated forms of sausage]], Braunschweig lends its name to [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braunschweiger a particularly internationally famous form of liver sausage]]. Braunschweig is also home to the most successful UsefulNotes/AmericanFootball team[[note]] For reasons of sponsorship called "[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Yorker_Lions New Yorker Lions]]"[[/note]] in Germany - half the national team plays for them.
12th Apr '16 10:29:34 AM Jhonny
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* '''Hannover (Hanover):''' Spelt with one "n" in English, Hannover is home to philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (honoured in the name of a popular biscuit produced by the local Bahlsen factory), Dadaist artist/writer Kurt Schwitters, [[BreadEggsMilkSquick and serial killer Haarmann]]. Noted for being the one place in Germany "without an accent," the local [[GermanDialects dialect]] being indistinguishable from Standard German. Also reputed to be boring. This leads to an old joke: "To learn true Standard German, you must go to Hannover. The problem is...you'd be in Hannover."

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* '''Hannover (Hanover):''' Spelt with one "n" in English, Hannover is home to philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (honoured in the name of a popular biscuit produced by the local Bahlsen factory), Dadaist artist/writer Kurt Schwitters, [[BreadEggsMilkSquick and serial killer Haarmann]]. Noted for being the one place in Germany "without an accent," the local [[GermanDialects dialect]] being indistinguishable from Standard German. Also reputed to be boring. This leads to an old joke: "To learn true Standard German, you must go to Hannover. The problem is...[[PlaceWorseThanDeath you'd be in Hannover.Hannover]]."
12th Apr '16 10:25:56 AM Jhonny
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* '''Frankfurt am Main''': Largest city of the state and the center of German (and continental European) finance,[[note]]The center of all European finance is of course the City of UsefulNotes/{{London}}[[/note]] being home to both a stock exchange and the European Central Bank. The city was also the last coronation site of Holy Roman emperors from the 16th century onwards, and was host to the national convention amidst the [[UsefulNotes/RevolutionsOf1848 abortive republican revolution of 1848-1849]]. Frankfurt is also the only German city with a true skyline, and its airport is the country's largest.

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* '''Frankfurt am Main''': Largest city of the state and the center of German (and continental European) finance,[[note]]The center of all European finance is of course the City of UsefulNotes/{{London}}[[/note]] being home to both a stock exchange and the European Central Bank. The city was also the last coronation site of Holy Roman emperors from the 16th century onwards, and was host to the national convention amidst the [[UsefulNotes/RevolutionsOf1848 abortive republican revolution of 1848-1849]]. Frankfurt is also the only German city with a true skyline, and its airport is the country's largest. Frankfurt was an independent city-state until the war of 1866 when it was conquered and annexed by Prussia. It lost out on becoming (temporary) capital of Germany against Bonn in 1949, in part because Frankfurt was too important and the politicians deciding the issue wanted to avoid a "final" decision on a capital other than Berlin and partly because Konrad Adenauer had a house near Bonn, which ultimately won.
12th Apr '16 10:22:07 AM Jhonny
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Hessen is the source of an alternative name for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burlap Burlap]]. Many of the German "mercenaries" who fought for the British during the UsefulNotes/AmericanRevolutionaryWar were from Hesse, and thus the Americans called all such German troops "Hessians" even if they weren't actually from the Hessian states.[[note]]In reality, they weren't mercenaries, either; most of them were actually regular soldiers in the army of some German prince or other whom the British paid to "lend" some regiments--a common practice at the time. Some of "Hessians" weren't even "rent-a-regiments" like this; they were Hanoverians, serving in the army of the Elector of Hannover, who happened to be the same person as George III of Great Britain; these however did not serve in America, but in the defence of Gibraltar.[[/note]] Home to Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm and thus often associated with fairy tales to some degree.

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Hessen is the source of an alternative name for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burlap Burlap]]. Many of the German "mercenaries" who fought for the British during the UsefulNotes/AmericanRevolutionaryWar UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution were from Hesse, and thus the Americans called all such German troops "Hessians" even if they weren't actually from the Hessian states.[[note]]In reality, they weren't mercenaries, either; most of them were actually regular soldiers in the army of some German prince or other whom the British paid to "lend" some regiments--a common practice at the time. Some of "Hessians" weren't even "rent-a-regiments" like this; they were Hanoverians, serving in the army of the Elector of Hannover, who happened to be the same person as George III of Great Britain; these however did not serve in America, but in the defence of Gibraltar.[[/note]] Home to Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm and thus often associated with fairy tales to some degree.
12th Apr '16 10:19:09 AM Jhonny
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* '''Nürnberg (Nuremberg):''' The former Free City, the de facto capital of the Franconia region, is home to artist Albrecht Dürer, shoemaker and poet Hans Sachs, and [[BreadEggsMilkSquick Julius Streicher]]. Historically one of the major centers of German economy, being on a major trade route and mining region, Nürnberg was home to several banking institutions (including Fuggers and Welsers, who moved from Augsburg), and in the 16th century, was said to have citizens eating better than the King of Scotland.[[note]]Mind you, Scotland ''was'' a bit of a backwater then, but not ''that'' much...[[/note]] It has also long been a center for innovation -- the world's first watches appeared here around 1510, and the first German railway was built in 1835 leading to neighboring Fürth (Henry Kissinger's native town). UsefulNotes/WorldWarII buffs may also remember it as the site where the Nazis held their rallies, one of which enacted the infamous Race Laws, and where the victorious Allies later held their war crimes trials, chosen both because of its pristine (read: undestroyed) courthouse and to serve as a symbolic KarmicDeath to Nazism. On a lighter note, it's also world famous for its Christmas market. ''[[Music/RichardWagner The Mastersingers of Nuremberg]]'', ''Film/TriumphOfTheWill'', and ''JudgmentAtNuremberg'' are set here. Nuremberg also shares its university with nearby Erlangen.

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* '''Nürnberg (Nuremberg):''' The former Free City, the de facto capital of the Franconia region, is home to artist Albrecht Dürer, shoemaker and poet Hans Sachs, and [[BreadEggsMilkSquick Julius Streicher]]. Historically one of the major centers of German economy, being on a major trade route and mining region, Nürnberg was home to several banking institutions (including Fuggers and Welsers, who moved from Augsburg), and in the 16th century, was said to have citizens eating better than the King of Scotland.[[note]]Mind you, Scotland ''was'' a bit of a backwater then, but not ''that'' much...[[/note]] It has also long been a center for innovation -- the world's first watches appeared here around 1510, and the first German railway was built in 1835 leading to neighboring Fürth (Henry Kissinger's native town). UsefulNotes/WorldWarII buffs may also remember it as the site where the Nazis held their rallies, one of which enacted the infamous Race Laws, and where the victorious Allies later held their war crimes trials, chosen both because of its pristine (read: undestroyed) courthouse and to serve as a symbolic KarmicDeath to Nazism. On a lighter note, it's also world famous for its Christmas market. ''[[Music/RichardWagner The Mastersingers of Nuremberg]]'', ''Film/TriumphOfTheWill'', and ''JudgmentAtNuremberg'' are set here. Nuremberg also shares its university with nearby Erlangen.
Erlangen. Served by the UsefulNotes/NurembergUBahn. One of only three cities in Germany to have both a "real" U-Bahn, a Straßenbahn ''and'' an S-Bahn. The other two are Berlin and Munich. Hamburg has an U-Bahn and a S-Bahn but no Straßenbahn.
12th Apr '16 10:14:37 AM Jhonny
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* '''Erlangen''' Described as Bavaria's smallest city, it houses a university founded in the 18th century and some industry. Unusually for that part of Germany the town centre is built according to a rectangular planned grid. It belonged to the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, ruled by a side-branch of the Hohenzollern family, and was completely rebuilt at the beginning of the 18th century to house Huguenot refugees from Louis XIV's France. Erlangen hosts the most important German comics convention, the Comic Salon, every even-numbered year. Due in part to the aforementioned grid which is nowadays mostly one way streets (for cars), Erlangen is one of the most bike friendly cities of Germany, fighting with Münster for the number one spot. After a controversial 2016 ballot measure, Erlangen is set to build a light rail line (locally known as "Stadt Umland Bahn") to neighboring Nuremberg and Herzogenaurach (the city of Adidas and Puma)

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* '''Erlangen''' Described as Bavaria's smallest city, it houses a university founded in the 18th century and some industry. Unusually for that part of Germany the town centre is built according to a rectangular planned grid. It belonged to the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, ruled by a side-branch of the Hohenzollern family, and was completely rebuilt at the beginning of the 18th century to house Huguenot refugees from Louis XIV's France. Erlangen hosts the most important German comics convention, the Comic Salon, every even-numbered year. Due in part to the aforementioned grid which is nowadays mostly one way streets (for cars), Erlangen is one of the most bike friendly cities of Germany, fighting with Münster for the number one spot. After a controversial 2016 ballot measure, Erlangen is set to build a light rail line (locally known as "Stadt Umland Bahn") to neighboring Nuremberg and Herzogenaurach (the city of Adidas and Puma)Puma). Music/{{JBO}} is from here, which they mention about twice in every song.
12th Apr '16 10:13:39 AM Jhonny
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* '''Erlangen''' Described as Bavaria's smallest city, it houses a university founded in the 18th century and some industry. Unusually for that part of Germany the town centre is built according to a rectangular planned grid. It belonged to the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, ruled by a side-branch of the Hohenzollern family, and was completely rebuilt at the beginning of the 18th century to house Huguenot refugees from Louis XIV's France. Erlangen hosts the most important German comics convention, the Comic Salon, every even-numbered year. Due in part to the aforementioned grid which is nowadays mostly one way streets (for cars), Erlangen is one of the most bike friendly cities of Germany, fighting with Münster for the number one spot. After a controversial 2016 ballot measure, Erlangen is set to buy a light rail line (locally known as "Stadt Umland Bahn") to neighboring Nuremberg and Herzogenaurach (the city of Adidas and Puma)

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* '''Erlangen''' Described as Bavaria's smallest city, it houses a university founded in the 18th century and some industry. Unusually for that part of Germany the town centre is built according to a rectangular planned grid. It belonged to the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, ruled by a side-branch of the Hohenzollern family, and was completely rebuilt at the beginning of the 18th century to house Huguenot refugees from Louis XIV's France. Erlangen hosts the most important German comics convention, the Comic Salon, every even-numbered year. Due in part to the aforementioned grid which is nowadays mostly one way streets (for cars), Erlangen is one of the most bike friendly cities of Germany, fighting with Münster for the number one spot. After a controversial 2016 ballot measure, Erlangen is set to buy build a light rail line (locally known as "Stadt Umland Bahn") to neighboring Nuremberg and Herzogenaurach (the city of Adidas and Puma)
12th Apr '16 10:11:27 AM Jhonny
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* '''Ulm:''' During the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Ulm was the largest free city by area, and its minster (the largest church) features the tallest Gothic steeple in the world. UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein was born here.

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* '''Ulm:''' During the UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire Ulm was the largest free city by area, and its minster (the largest church) features the tallest Gothic steeple in the world. UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein was born here.
here. Neu-Ulm is just across the state-line in Bavaria but much smaller.
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