History UsefulNotes / ThePresidentsOfGermany

5th Oct '17 5:09:57 AM Jhonny
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* Joachim Gauck -- Independent. Former Lutheran pastor from UsefulNotes/EastGermany[[note]]which means that currently the head of state and the head of government are former GDR citizens[[/note]], who appeared on the political stage during the time of the UsefulNotes/HoleInFlag revolutions. After the fall of the UsefulNotes/BerlinWall, he was the head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of UsefulNotes/TheStasi (the GDR's infamous SecretPolice).

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* Joachim Gauck -- Independent. Former Lutheran pastor from UsefulNotes/EastGermany[[note]]which means that currently the head of state and the head of government are former GDR citizens[[/note]], who appeared on the political stage during the time of the UsefulNotes/HoleInFlag revolutions. After the fall of the UsefulNotes/BerlinWall, he was the head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of UsefulNotes/TheStasi (the GDR's infamous SecretPolice).
SecretPolice). Served only one term.
* Frank Walter Steinmeyer -- Social Democrat. Consensus candidate of SPD, CDU and Greens and former foreign minister. Highly popular (if considered a bit boring) due to him saying and doing very few controversial things even before entering Bellvue.
5th Oct '17 5:06:50 AM Jhonny
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* Richard von Weizsäcker -- Christian Democrat. Former grand mayor of West UsefulNotes/{{Berlin}}. Compared to "a mixture of banker and church congress president". Proved to be very popular among all democratic parties, even the Greens, and was reelected unopposed. Presided during the reunification of Germany.

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* Richard von Weizsäcker -- Christian Democrat. Former grand mayor of West UsefulNotes/{{Berlin}}. Compared to "a mixture of banker and church congress president". Proved to be very popular among all democratic parties, even the Greens, and was reelected unopposed. Presided during the reunification of Germany. Came from a prominent family of public servants and diplomats who thrived in all German systems since the ''Kaiserreich''; his father was a defendant at the Nuremberg trial of diplomats and public servants. Most famous for his 1985 speech on the fortieth anniversary of the end of WWII where he said May 8 was "also a day of liberation", which had not been acknowledged by conservatives up to that point
5th Oct '17 5:02:28 AM Jhonny
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* Theodor Heuss -- Liberal Democrat. A jovial guy who liked humor and wine. Tried to keep party politics out of his office. Started the first Arbor Day in Germany. AlbertSchweitzer was the pastor at Heuss' wedding; Heuss' wife was a personal friend of Schweitzer's.

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* Theodor Heuss -- Liberal Democrat. A jovial guy who liked humor and wine. Tried to keep party politics out of his office. Started the first Arbor Day in Germany. AlbertSchweitzer was the pastor at Heuss' wedding; Heuss' wife was a personal friend of Schweitzer's. He had voted for Hitler's enabling act as a member of the ''Reichstag'' in 1933.
10th Dec '16 7:26:33 PM Chytus
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* Friedrich Ebert -- Social Democrat. First chancellor (see TheChancellorsOfGermany) and then first President of the WeimarRepublic. Had to deal with many rightwingers who accused him of being a traitor. And leftwingers who didn't forgive him that he had been pro-war (though not pro-conquest) during WorldWarOne, or not creating a socialist state after the revolution of 1918/19. And uprisings from left and right. And the ramifications of the treaty of Versailles. And the hyper inflation and the suffering economy. And the bureaucracy and judiciary being not exactly helpful. [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking And one occasion when he appeared on a photo wearing swim briefs,]] [[SeriousBusiness which conservatives found inappropriate for the leader of a country]]. And many more problems. He died in 1925, before his term was finished.
* Paul von Hindenburg, former WorldWarOne marshal -- no party, closest to the conservative German nationalists. Became the candidate for the right-wing parties in the second round of voting and defeated the democratic candidate, former chancellor Wilhelm Marx [[NamesTheSame (not related)]]. Hindenburg also won because the Communists would rather vote for their own candidate instead for Marx, splitting the anti-Hindenburg vote, and because the Bavarian Catholics supported the Protestant Prussian over the Catholic Rhinelander Marx (oh the irony). Although he didn't like the republic much, being a traditional monarchist, he still swore an oath on the constitution. He was already 77 years old when elected for the first time, thus making him 84 when reelected in 1932. However, at that time he was seen as the only one who could prevent a certain guy from Austria becoming president instead. And one year later, he appointed him chancellor. Another year later, he died, and Hitler had absolute power.
* UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler -- National Socialist. Hitler absorbed the state office of President during his tenure as leader of the Third Reich, but he didn't actually use the title. Officially out of respect for Hindenburg, unofficially because it was a democratic institution and too reminiscent of the "heriditary" arch-enemy France. Hitler merged the Presidency with the Chancellery, creating the combined office of ''Führer und Reichskanzler'', representing Hitler's dual roles as Chief of State and Chief of Government. Technically Hitler had a third role as ''Führer'' of the Nazi Party, but the relationship between the Party, the State and the Government was very chaotic in the Third Reich (and that's leaving out the military offices Hitler also acquired that confusingly enough made him his own subordinate several times over). In practice Hitler was simply ''the'' Leader, no qualification required. Fun fact: Being born Austrian, he got the German citizenship relatively late, otherwise he wouldn't have been electable at all.
* Karl Dönitz -- National Socialist. Supreme commander of Germany's submarines before. Hitler decreed before his death that his unique office would be split into the Presidency and Chancellery again, and Dönitz was handed the former. Hadn't really much to do after Hitler's suicide and signed Germany's capitulation in May 1945. Was arrested by the Allies, brought to court in Nuremberg and served 10 years in Spandau, together with guys like Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess (Göring having committed suicide in Nuremberg.)

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* Friedrich Ebert -- Social Democrat. First chancellor (see TheChancellorsOfGermany) UsefulNotes/TheChancellorsOfGermany) and then first President of the WeimarRepublic.UsefulNotes/WeimarRepublic. Had to deal with many rightwingers who accused him of being a traitor. And leftwingers who didn't forgive him that he had been pro-war (though not pro-conquest) during WorldWarOne, UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, or not creating a socialist state after the revolution of 1918/19. And uprisings from left and right. And the ramifications of the treaty of Versailles. And the hyper inflation hyperinflation and the suffering economy. And the bureaucracy and judiciary being not exactly helpful. [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking And one occasion when he appeared on a photo wearing swim briefs,]] [[SeriousBusiness which conservatives found inappropriate for the leader of a country]]. And many more problems. He died in 1925, before his term was finished.
* Paul von Hindenburg, former WorldWarOne UsefulNotes/WorldWarI marshal -- no party, closest to the conservative German nationalists. Became the candidate for the right-wing parties in the second round of voting and defeated the democratic candidate, former chancellor Wilhelm Marx [[NamesTheSame (not related)]]. Hindenburg also won because the Communists would rather vote for their own candidate instead for Marx, splitting the anti-Hindenburg vote, and because the Bavarian Catholics supported the Protestant Prussian over the Catholic Rhinelander Marx (oh the irony). Although he didn't like the republic much, being a traditional monarchist, he still swore an oath on the constitution. He was already 77 years old when elected for the first time, thus making him 84 when reelected in 1932. However, at that time he was seen as the only one who could prevent a certain guy from Austria becoming president instead. And one year later, he appointed him chancellor. Another year later, he died, and Hitler had absolute power.
* UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler -- National Socialist. Hitler absorbed the state office of President during his tenure as leader of the Third Reich, but he didn't actually use the title. Officially out of respect for Hindenburg, unofficially because it was a democratic institution and too reminiscent of the "heriditary" "hereditary" arch-enemy France. Hitler merged the Presidency with the Chancellery, creating the combined office of ''Führer und Reichskanzler'', representing Hitler's dual roles as Chief of State and Chief of Government. Technically Hitler had a third role as ''Führer'' of the Nazi Party, but the relationship between the Party, the State and the Government was very chaotic in the Third Reich (and that's leaving out the military offices Hitler also acquired that confusingly enough made him his own subordinate several times over). In practice Hitler was simply ''the'' Leader, no qualification required. Fun fact: Being born Austrian, he got the German citizenship relatively late, otherwise he wouldn't have been electable at all.
* Karl Dönitz -- National Socialist. Supreme commander of Germany's submarines before. Hitler decreed before his death that his unique office would be split into the Presidency and Chancellery again, and Dönitz was handed the former. Hadn't really much to do after Hitler's suicide and signed Germany's capitulation in May 1945. Was arrested by the Allies, brought to court in Nuremberg and served 10 years in Spandau, together with guys like Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess (Göring having committed suicide in Nuremberg.)



* Heinrich Lübke -- Christian Democrat. Became infamous for his [[GratuitousEnglish broken English]] and various goofs, some of which became MemeticMutation. [[BeamMeUpScotty While some of them may have been invented]], it is true frex that on a visit in Madagascar, he greeted the president with "Dear Mr president, dear Mrs Tananarive..." (Tananarive being Madagascar's capital!) For some reason, Penfold from ''WesternAnimation/DangerMouse'' was named Lübke in the German translation.
* Gustav Heinemann -- Social Democrat. Active in the ''Bekennende Kirche'' (the resistant faction of the Protestant Church) under the Nazis, he became a member of the Christian Democrats and a minister, but left party and cabinet when Adenauer started to rearm WestGermany. He founded the small ''Gesamtdeutsche Volkspartei'', which later joined the Social Democrats. Narrowly elected by Liberal and Social Democrats, the latter still being in a grand coalition with the Christian Democrats. Once when asked whether he'd love Germany, he answered "I don't love the state, I love my wife." Generally, [[TheQuietOne a quiet guy]]. Only served one term, for health and age reasons.

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* Heinrich Lübke -- Christian Democrat. Became infamous for his [[GratuitousEnglish broken English]] and various goofs, some of which became MemeticMutation. [[BeamMeUpScotty While some of them may have been invented]], it is true frex that on a visit in Madagascar, he greeted the president with "Dear Mr president, dear Mrs Tananarive..." (Tananarive being Madagascar's capital!) For some reason, Penfold from ''WesternAnimation/DangerMouse'' was named Lübke in the German translation.
* Gustav Heinemann -- Social Democrat. Active in the ''Bekennende Kirche'' (the resistant faction of the Protestant Church) under the Nazis, he became a member of the Christian Democrats and a minister, but left party and cabinet when Adenauer started to rearm WestGermany.UsefulNotes/WestGermany. He founded the small ''Gesamtdeutsche Volkspartei'', which later joined the Social Democrats. Narrowly elected by Liberal and Social Democrats, the latter still being in a grand coalition with the Christian Democrats. Once when asked whether he'd love Germany, he answered "I don't love the state, I love my wife." Generally, [[TheQuietOne a quiet guy]]. Only served one term, for health and age reasons.



* Karl Carstens -- Christian Democrat. His election was an alarm sign for the social-liberal coalition which had been weakened in the ''[[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Länder]]''. Somewhat controversial for having been a member of the Nazi party. Liked hiking and used this hobby to "meet the German people". Only served one term, feeling to old for a second one.
* Richard von Weizsäcker -- Christian Democrat. Former grand mayor of WestBerlin. Compared to "a mixture of banker and church congress president". Proved to be very popular among all democratic parties, even the Greens, and was reelected unopposed. Presided during the reunification of Germany.
* Roman Herzog -- Christian Democrat. Former head of the German Supreme Court. Became the candidate after Helmut Kohl's candidate Steffen Heitmann (who'd have been the first president from EastGermany in UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic) proved to be too conservative. Took three rounds to be elected, but he proved to be quite popular. Most famous for his "Ruck-Rede" (roughly: tug speech), criticizing the Germans for being too indolent.

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* Karl Carstens -- Christian Democrat. His election was an alarm sign for the social-liberal coalition which had been weakened in the ''[[TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland ''[[UsefulNotes/TheSixteenLandsOfDeutschland Länder]]''. Somewhat controversial for having been a member of the Nazi party. Liked hiking and used this hobby to "meet the German people". Only served one term, feeling to too old for a second one.
* Richard von Weizsäcker -- Christian Democrat. Former grand mayor of WestBerlin.West UsefulNotes/{{Berlin}}. Compared to "a mixture of banker and church congress president". Proved to be very popular among all democratic parties, even the Greens, and was reelected unopposed. Presided during the reunification of Germany.
* Roman Herzog -- Christian Democrat. Former head of the German Supreme Court. Became the candidate after Helmut Kohl's candidate Steffen Heitmann (who'd have been the first president from EastGermany UsefulNotes/EastGermany in UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic) proved to be too conservative. Took three rounds to be elected, but he proved to be quite popular. Most famous for his "Ruck-Rede" (roughly: tug speech), criticizing the Germans for being too indolent.



* Horst Köhler -- Christian Democrat. Former head of the IMF (International Monetary Fund).[[note]]A position reserved for Europeans despite the UsefulNotes/WashingtonDC HQ, and an excellent shortcut to respectability; former IMF head Dominique Strauss-Kahn was launching a Presidential bid in France for much the same reason, and it seemed to be working: he seemed to be the only Socialist candidate consistently capable of beating the Sarkodile - but you know the rest.[[/note]] First president who wasn't a politician. Reelected in 2009, but quit just one year later after some remarks he made about the military's role became hugely controversial - the first president to do so.

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* Horst Köhler -- Christian Democrat. Former head of the IMF (International Monetary Fund).[[note]]A position reserved for Europeans despite the UsefulNotes/WashingtonDC HQ, and an excellent shortcut to respectability; former IMF head Dominique Strauss-Kahn was launching a Presidential bid in France for much the same reason, and it seemed to be working: he seemed to be the only Socialist candidate consistently capable of beating the Sarkodile - but you know the rest.[[/note]] First president who wasn't a politician. Reelected in 2009, but quit just one year later after some remarks he made about the military's role became hugely controversial - the first president to do so.



* Joachim Gauck -- Independent. Former Lutheran pastor from EastGermany[[note]]which means that currently the head of state and the head of government are former GDR citizens[[/note]], who appeared on the political stage during the time of the HoleInFlag revolutions. After the fall of the UsefulNotes/BerlinWall, he was the head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of UsefulNotes/TheStasi (the GDR's infamous SecretPolice).

EastGermany had a president until 1960 (only one office-holder, Wilhelm Pieck), then replaced that office with a collective council of state, which had a chairman.

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* Joachim Gauck -- Independent. Former Lutheran pastor from EastGermany[[note]]which UsefulNotes/EastGermany[[note]]which means that currently the head of state and the head of government are former GDR citizens[[/note]], who appeared on the political stage during the time of the HoleInFlag UsefulNotes/HoleInFlag revolutions. After the fall of the UsefulNotes/BerlinWall, he was the head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of UsefulNotes/TheStasi (the GDR's infamous SecretPolice).

EastGermany UsefulNotes/EastGermany had a president until 1960 (only one office-holder, Wilhelm Pieck), then replaced that office with a collective council of state, which had a chairman.
7th Sep '16 1:19:30 AM Morgenthaler
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* Joachim Gauck -- Independent. Former Lutheran pastor from EastGermany[[note]]which means that currently the head of state and the head of government are former GDR citizens[[/note]], who appeared on the political stage during the time of the HoleInFlag revolutions. After the fall of the BerlinWall, he was the head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi (the GDR's infamous SecretPolice).

to:

* Joachim Gauck -- Independent. Former Lutheran pastor from EastGermany[[note]]which means that currently the head of state and the head of government are former GDR citizens[[/note]], who appeared on the political stage during the time of the HoleInFlag revolutions. After the fall of the BerlinWall, UsefulNotes/BerlinWall, he was the head of the government agency responsible for investigating the crimes of TheStasi UsefulNotes/TheStasi (the GDR's infamous SecretPolice).
26th Aug '16 5:04:43 AM Jhonny
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* Christian Wulff -- Christian Democrat. Former minister president of Lower Saxony. He was accused of getting a loan from a businessman for better conditions, which tripped an avalanche of other accusations. When it got so bad that he might have lost his immunity, he abdicated after less than two years in office.

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* Christian Wulff -- Christian Democrat. Former minister president of Lower Saxony. He was accused of getting a loan from a businessman for better conditions, which tripped an avalanche of other accusations. When it got so bad that he might have lost his immunity, he abdicated after less than two years in office.office, however, it should be noted that he was acquitted of all charges in a court of law. The only notable thing in his short term apart from the scandals was a speech he gave with the line "Islam is a part of Germany"
26th Aug '16 3:20:27 AM Morgenthaler
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* Roman Herzog -- Christian Democrat. Former head of the German Supreme Court. Became the candidate after Helmut Kohl's candidate Steffen Heitmann (who'd have been the first president from EastGermany in TheBerlinRepublic) proved to be too conservative. Took three rounds to be elected, but he proved to be quite popular. Most famous for his "Ruck-Rede" (roughly: tug speech), criticizing the Germans for being too indolent.

to:

* Roman Herzog -- Christian Democrat. Former head of the German Supreme Court. Became the candidate after Helmut Kohl's candidate Steffen Heitmann (who'd have been the first president from EastGermany in TheBerlinRepublic) UsefulNotes/TheBerlinRepublic) proved to be too conservative. Took three rounds to be elected, but he proved to be quite popular. Most famous for his "Ruck-Rede" (roughly: tug speech), criticizing the Germans for being too indolent.
9th Aug '16 5:09:59 AM Morgenthaler
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After the end of ImperialGermany, WeimarGermany decided to install a president instead of the Kaiser. (In fact, the term ''[[CaptainErsatz Ersatzkaiser]]'' was often used.) While [[OurPresidentsAreDifferent not carrying as much power as the American presidents]] (the Weimar presidents didn't do the actual government work, that's what TheChancellorsOfGermany had to do), as the supreme commander of the armed forces and the man who could appoint and fire governments at will, they were still pretty powerful. After the [[ThoseWackyNazis bad experiences with strong presidents]], the constitution of WestGermany gave most power to the chancellor and made the president a purely ceremonial head of state. Still, some presidents could take a bit of influence thanks to personal charisma.

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After the end of ImperialGermany, WeimarGermany UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany, UsefulNotes/WeimarGermany decided to install a president instead of the Kaiser. (In fact, the term ''[[CaptainErsatz Ersatzkaiser]]'' was often used.) While [[OurPresidentsAreDifferent not carrying as much power as the American presidents]] (the Weimar presidents didn't do the actual government work, that's what TheChancellorsOfGermany UsefulNotes/TheChancellorsOfGermany had to do), as the supreme commander of the armed forces and the man who could appoint and fire governments at will, they were still pretty powerful. After the [[ThoseWackyNazis bad experiences with strong presidents]], the constitution of WestGermany UsefulNotes/WestGermany gave most power to the chancellor and made the president a purely ceremonial head of state. Still, some presidents could take a bit of influence thanks to personal charisma.



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3rd Sep '15 8:55:34 PM HowlingSnail
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After the end of ImperialGermany, WeimarGermany decided to install a president instead of the kaiser. (In fact, the term ''[[CaptainErsatz Ersatzkaiser]]'' was often used.) While [[OurPresidentsAreDifferent not carrying as much power as the American presidents]] (the Weimar presidents didn't do the actual government work, that's what TheChancellorsOfGermany had to do), as the supreme commander of the armed forces and the man who could appoint and fire governments at will, they were still pretty powerful. After the [[ThoseWackyNazis bad experiences with strong presidents]], the constitution of WestGermany gave most power to the chancellor and made the president a purely ceremonial head of state. Still, some presidents could take a bit of influence thanks to personal charisma.

to:

After the end of ImperialGermany, WeimarGermany decided to install a president instead of the kaiser.Kaiser. (In fact, the term ''[[CaptainErsatz Ersatzkaiser]]'' was often used.) While [[OurPresidentsAreDifferent not carrying as much power as the American presidents]] (the Weimar presidents didn't do the actual government work, that's what TheChancellorsOfGermany had to do), as the supreme commander of the armed forces and the man who could appoint and fire governments at will, they were still pretty powerful. After the [[ThoseWackyNazis bad experiences with strong presidents]], the constitution of WestGermany gave most power to the chancellor and made the president a purely ceremonial head of state. Still, some presidents could take a bit of influence thanks to personal charisma.
27th Aug '15 5:02:21 AM Morgenthaler
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* UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler -- National Socialist. Hitler absorbed the state office of President during his tenure as leader of the Third Reich, but he didn't actually use the title. Officially out of respect for Hindenburg, unofficially because it was a democratic institution and too reminiscent of the "heriditary" arch-enemy France. Hitler merged the Presidency with the Chancellery, creating the combined office of ''Führer und Reichskanzler'', representing Hitler's dual roles as Chief of State and Chief of Government. Technically Hitler had a third role as ''Führer'' of the Nazi Party, but the relationship between the Party, the State and the Government was very chaotic in the Third Reich (and that's leaving out the military offices Hitler also acquired that confusingly enough him made his own subordinate several times over). In practice Hitler was simply ''the'' Leader, no qualification required. Fun fact: Being born Austrian, he got the German citizenship relatively late, otherwise he wouldn't have been electable at all.
* Karl Dönitz -- National Socialist. Supreme commander of Germany's submarines before. Hitler decreed before his death that his office would be broken up into a presidential office and a chancellor office again, and Dönitz was handed the Presidential one. Hadn't really much to do after Hitler's suicide and signed Germany's capitulation in May 1945. Was arrested by the Allies, brought to court in Nuremberg and served 10 years in Spandau, together with guys like Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess (Göring having committed suicide in Nuremberg.)

to:

* UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler -- National Socialist. Hitler absorbed the state office of President during his tenure as leader of the Third Reich, but he didn't actually use the title. Officially out of respect for Hindenburg, unofficially because it was a democratic institution and too reminiscent of the "heriditary" arch-enemy France. Hitler merged the Presidency with the Chancellery, creating the combined office of ''Führer und Reichskanzler'', representing Hitler's dual roles as Chief of State and Chief of Government. Technically Hitler had a third role as ''Führer'' of the Nazi Party, but the relationship between the Party, the State and the Government was very chaotic in the Third Reich (and that's leaving out the military offices Hitler also acquired that confusingly enough him made him his own subordinate several times over). In practice Hitler was simply ''the'' Leader, no qualification required. Fun fact: Being born Austrian, he got the German citizenship relatively late, otherwise he wouldn't have been electable at all.
* Karl Dönitz -- National Socialist. Supreme commander of Germany's submarines before. Hitler decreed before his death that his unique office would be broken up split into a presidential office the Presidency and a chancellor office Chancellery again, and Dönitz was handed the Presidential one.former. Hadn't really much to do after Hitler's suicide and signed Germany's capitulation in May 1945. Was arrested by the Allies, brought to court in Nuremberg and served 10 years in Spandau, together with guys like Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess (Göring having committed suicide in Nuremberg.)
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