1 Days Left to Support a Troper-Created Project : Personal Space (discuss)

History UsefulNotes / TheModernDayRambo

8th Jan '16 8:04:31 PM Gjallarhorn
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* The "Green Berets" were inspired by another organization during World War II: the UsefulNotes/{{OSS}}, which would sneak around in enemy territory conducting sabotage and intelligence gathering operations, and working closely with members of the French Resistance. Their time truly came during the Cold War when the Soviet Union began sponsoring communist uprisings in other countries, most notably Vietnam where they reached the height of their fame, both as military advisers and as members of MACV-SOG, the codename for covert operations in Laos and Cambodia. Their popularity within the Army has risen and fallen over the years; at one point joining SF was considered career suicide for a soldier. Eventually they became their own branch within the Army, on par with the Infantry, Tanks, Medical, and others. Special Forces teams operate all over the world, with each Group working to become experts in one region. Their most well-known successes have been in South America and the initial fighting in Afghanistan. Special Forces are organized into Operational Detachment Alphas or "A-Teams" consisting of a wide range of technical specialists, including Weapons, Engineering, Communications, Medical, and Intelligence. Each of them has attended and passed Special Forces Assessment and Selection, and completed the year-long (or more) Q Course to earn their green beret. Never call them that, though--a green beret is a hat, not a man.

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* The "Green Berets" were inspired by another organization during World War II: the UsefulNotes/{{OSS}}, which would sneak around in enemy territory conducting sabotage and intelligence gathering operations, and working closely with members of the French Resistance. Their time truly came during the Cold War when the Soviet Union began sponsoring communist uprisings in other countries, most notably Vietnam where they reached the height of their fame, both as military advisers and as members of MACV-SOG, the codename for covert operations in Laos and Cambodia. Their popularity within the Army has risen and fallen over the years; at one point joining SF was considered career suicide for a soldier. Eventually they became their own branch within the Army, on par with the Infantry, Tanks, Medical, and others. Special Forces teams operate all over the world, with each Group working to become experts in one region. Their most well-known successes have been in South America and the initial fighting in Afghanistan. Special Forces are organized into Operational Detachment Alphas or "A-Teams" consisting of a wide range of technical specialists, including Weapons, Engineering, Communications, Medical, and Intelligence. Each of them has attended and passed Special Forces Assessment and Selection, and completed the year-long (or more) Q Course to earn their green beret. Never call them that, though--a green beret is a hat, not a man.
man. To be entirely clear, in military circles, the phrase "Special Forces" refers to the USASF and ONLY the USASF. It's insulting to call, say, CAG or SEALs "special forces". Partially because of the interservice rivally, partially because they are definitely distinct groups.
26th Dec '15 12:12:44 PM StFan
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* The "Green Berets" were inspired by another organization during World War II: the {{OSS}}, which would sneak around in enemy territory conducting sabotage and intelligence gathering operations, and working closely with members of the French Resistance. Their time truly came during the Cold War when the Soviet Union began sponsoring communist uprisings in other countries, most notably Vietnam where they reached the height of their fame, both as military advisers and as members of MACV-SOG, the codename for covert operations in Laos and Cambodia. Their popularity within the Army has risen and fallen over the years; at one point joining SF was considered career suicide for a soldier. Eventually they became their own branch within the Army, on par with the Infantry, Tanks, Medical, and others. Special Forces teams operate all over the world, with each Group working to become experts in one region. Their most well-known successes have been in South America and the initial fighting in Afghanistan. Special Forces are organized into Operational Detachment Alphas or "A-Teams" consisting of a wide range of technical specialists, including Weapons, Engineering, Communications, Medical, and Intelligence. Each of them has attended and passed Special Forces Assessment and Selection, and completed the year-long (or more) Q Course to earn their green beret. Never call them that, though--a green beret is a hat, not a man.

to:

* The "Green Berets" were inspired by another organization during World War II: the {{OSS}}, UsefulNotes/{{OSS}}, which would sneak around in enemy territory conducting sabotage and intelligence gathering operations, and working closely with members of the French Resistance. Their time truly came during the Cold War when the Soviet Union began sponsoring communist uprisings in other countries, most notably Vietnam where they reached the height of their fame, both as military advisers and as members of MACV-SOG, the codename for covert operations in Laos and Cambodia. Their popularity within the Army has risen and fallen over the years; at one point joining SF was considered career suicide for a soldier. Eventually they became their own branch within the Army, on par with the Infantry, Tanks, Medical, and others. Special Forces teams operate all over the world, with each Group working to become experts in one region. Their most well-known successes have been in South America and the initial fighting in Afghanistan. Special Forces are organized into Operational Detachment Alphas or "A-Teams" consisting of a wide range of technical specialists, including Weapons, Engineering, Communications, Medical, and Intelligence. Each of them has attended and passed Special Forces Assessment and Selection, and completed the year-long (or more) Q Course to earn their green beret. Never call them that, though--a green beret is a hat, not a man.



* Operation Neptune's Spear (2011)--Specially-modified Blackhawk helicopters flown by the 160th SOAR penetrated Pakistani airspace in the early hours of the morning carrying [=SEALs=] from DEVGRU. The [=SEALs=] assaulted a compound in the suburb of Abbottabad and killed Osama bin Laden, the man that America had hunted for 10 years. Although one of the helicopters crashed due to mechanical trouble, the [=SEALs=] escaped with bin Laden's body. The world erupts in a firestorm of SEAL publicity that is undoubtedly good for Naval Special Warfare's recruitment but complicates things for the normally secretive counterterrorist SEAL team. Chinese officials are reportedly seen inspecting the wreckage of the crashed Blackhawk.

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* Operation Neptune's Spear (2011)--Specially-modified Blackhawk helicopters flown by the 160th SOAR penetrated Pakistani airspace in the early hours of the morning carrying [=SEALs=] from DEVGRU. The [=SEALs=] assaulted a compound in the suburb of Abbottabad and killed Osama bin Laden, the man that America had hunted for 10 years. Although one of the helicopters crashed due to mechanical trouble, the [=SEALs=] escaped with bin Laden's body. The world erupts in a firestorm of SEAL publicity that is undoubtedly good for Naval Special Warfare's recruitment but complicates things for the normally secretive counterterrorist SEAL team. Chinese officials are reportedly seen inspecting the wreckage of the crashed Blackhawk.
11th Sep '15 6:50:10 PM rmctagg09
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* '''Role''': Meteorology

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* '''Role''': MeteorologyMeteorology, Special Reconnaissance
9th Sep '15 6:06:51 PM SSJMagus
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* The skill and capabilities of Israel's special operations units are known and feared throughout the world but three among them stand at a higher level. The first of these is Matkal, a counterterrorism unit modeled off the British SAS and descended from Unit 101, the originator of Israel's special forces. Notoriously secretive and difficult to get into, they have been responsible for any number of reprisal raids into Palestinian territories and covert operations against Arab nations and other countries hostile to the Jewish State. The most famous of these are Operation Spring of Youth, an assassination campaign conducted by both the IDF and the intelligence agency Mossad against members of the Black September group responsible for the massacre at the Munich Olympics, and Operation Thunderbolt, where Israeli hostages were rescued from a hijacked plane in Uganda. Interestingly, several prominent politicians and officials were members of Matkal including Prime Minister Benjamin Netenyahu.

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* The skill and capabilities of Israel's special operations units are known and feared throughout the world but three among them stand at a higher level. The first of these is Matkal, a counterterrorism unit modeled off the British SAS and descended from Unit 101, the originator of Israel's special forces. Notoriously secretive and difficult to get into, they have been responsible for any number of reprisal raids into Palestinian territories and covert operations against Arab nations and other countries hostile to the Jewish State. The most famous of these are Operation Spring of Youth, an assassination campaign conducted by both the IDF and the intelligence agency Mossad against members of the Black September group responsible for the massacre at the Munich Olympics, and Operation Thunderbolt, where Israeli hostages were rescued from a hijacked plane in Uganda. Interestingly, several prominent politicians and officials were members of Matkal including current Prime Minister Benjamin Netenyahu.
Netenyahu ([[BadassFamily whose older and younger brothers were both also members]]) and former Prime Minister Ehud Barak.
6th Sep '15 7:27:57 AM LtFedora
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* Operation Fire Magic (1977)--Five years after Munich, Germany had the opportunity to put its new GSG-9 to the test. Four Palestinian terrorists hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181, with their demands being the release of their RAF (Red Army Faction) comrades being held in German prison. After a harrowing flight, which included the death of the pilot Jürgen Schumann, the plane finally landed in Mogadishu, Somalia. Despite reservations from the local authorities, the Germans were allowed to proceed and assume responsibility for the operation should things have gone poorly. The first part of the operation involved the German government claiming they were going to agree to the hijackers' demands. GSG-9 approached from the blind sides of the plane and entered at the emergency exits on the wings. Two of the terrorists were killed in the raid, with two wounded (one of whom died later from his injuries). None of the hostages were harmed, and only one GSG-9 operative was wounded. The spectacular success lead to Chancellor Helmut Schmidt declaring that Germany would never again negotiate with terrorists.

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* Operation Fire Magic (1977)--Five years after Munich, Germany had the opportunity to put its new GSG-9 to the test. Four Palestinian terrorists hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181, with their demands being the release of their RAF (Red Army Faction) comrades being held in German prison. After a harrowing flight, which included the death of the pilot Jürgen Schumann, the plane finally landed in Mogadishu, Somalia. Despite reservations from the local authorities, the Germans were allowed to proceed and assume responsibility for the operation should things have gone poorly. The first part of the operation involved the German government claiming they were going to agree to the hijackers' demands. GSG-9 approached from the blind sides of the plane and entered at the emergency exits on the wings. Two of the terrorists were killed in the raid, with two wounded (one of whom died later from his injuries). None of the hostages were seriously harmed, and only one GSG-9 operative was wounded. The spectacular success lead to Chancellor Helmut Schmidt declaring that Germany would never again negotiate with terrorists.
21st Apr '15 5:19:35 PM 102372
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-->''"WANTED: Volunteers for Project DELTA. Will guarantee you a medal, a body bag, or both."''
-->-- Attributed to '''Colonel Charlie Beckwith''', founder and first commander of Delta Force

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-->''"WANTED: ->''WANTED: Volunteers for Project DELTA. Will guarantee you a medal, a body bag, or both."''
-->-- Attributed
''
-->--Attributed
to '''Colonel Charlie Beckwith''', founder and first commander of Delta Force



Special operations are pretty much [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin exactly as described]]. They are given to special operations units for a number of reasons; a normal unit might not be able to execute the operation without [[PyrrhicVictory taking heavy casualties]], or they might be able to do the job just fine but can't get into position fast enough, or they might attract too much attention. The special operations that are known to the public can be pidgeonholed into several categories:

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Special operations are pretty much [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin exactly as described]]. They are given to special operations units for a number of reasons; a normal unit might not be able to execute the operation without [[PyrrhicVictory taking heavy casualties]], or they might be able to do the job just fine but can't get into position fast enough, or they might attract too much attention. The special operations that are known to the public can be pidgeonholed pigeonholed into several categories:



* Special Reconaissance: [[ShapedLikeItself Like normal reconaissance except special]]. The main difference between normal and special recon is a question of difficulty. A normal reconaissance mission might involve scouting out a nearby enemy position in preparation for an attack but special reconaissance deals with more strategic targets like training facilities, enemy commanders, supply caches, and so on, deep in enemy territory. If you are caught, there's no guarantee you'll have anywhere to run to.
* Unconventional Warfare: A small team of "advisors" infiltrates a country, usually in preparation for a full scale invasion, and meets up with guerrillas, dissidents, and other people hostile to the local government. They then use their expertise to [[TrainingThePeacefulVillagers train these people how to fight]] and conduct their own campaign to weaken the enemy. The reason this is called unconventional is because it is the opposite of conventional, military vs. military engagements. The objective is not to wipe out enemy forces but to go after the enemy's will to fight and win. The flipside of this is called Foreign Internal Defense, where the same advisors will train local military and police forces to fight against guerrillas and insurgents.

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* Special Reconaissance: Reconnaissance: [[ShapedLikeItself Like normal reconaissance reconnaissance except special]]. The main difference between normal and special recon is a question of difficulty. A normal reconaissance reconnaissance mission might involve scouting out a nearby enemy position in preparation for an attack but special reconaissance reconnaissance deals with more strategic targets like training facilities, enemy commanders, supply caches, and so on, deep in enemy territory. If you are caught, there's no guarantee you'll have anywhere to run to.
* Unconventional Warfare: A small team of "advisors" "advisers" infiltrates a country, usually in preparation for a full scale invasion, and meets up with guerrillas, dissidents, and other people hostile to the local government. They then use their expertise to [[TrainingThePeacefulVillagers train these people how to fight]] and conduct their own campaign to weaken the enemy. The reason this is called unconventional is because it is the opposite of conventional, military vs. military engagements. The objective is not to wipe out enemy forces but to go after the enemy's will to fight and win. The flipside flip side of this is called Foreign Internal Defense, where the same advisors advisers will train local military and police forces to fight against guerrillas and insurgents.



* Information Operations: A behind-the-scenes type of job that deals with influencing the enemy's ability to make decisions, usually by attacking and defending information and information systems. Again, this encompasses a number of different disciplines -- electronic warfare, which the average person might know as radar or communication jamming, computer network operations (a fancy term for computer hacking), [[FeedTheMole military deception]], operational security (OPSEC, a vital component of any discussion about special operations), and psychological operations ([=PSYOPs=]). Psychological operations may conjure up images of brainwashing on a massive scale, but is actually what we, in a different context, would call propaganda. A good example comes from the invasion of Iraq in 2003 where coalition forces dropped thousands of leaflets that promised safe passage for anyone who surrendered to them, in order to encourage the Iraqi Army to desert.

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* Information Operations: A behind-the-scenes type of job that deals with influencing the enemy's ability to make decisions, usually by attacking and defending information and information systems. Again, this encompasses a number of different disciplines -- electronic disciplines--electronic warfare, which the average person might know as radar or communication jamming, computer network operations (a fancy term for computer hacking), [[FeedTheMole military deception]], operational security (OPSEC, a vital component of any discussion about special operations), and psychological operations ([=PSYOPs=]). Psychological operations may conjure up images of brainwashing on a massive scale, but is actually what we, in a different context, would call propaganda. A good example comes from the invasion of Iraq in 2003 where coalition forces dropped thousands of leaflets that promised safe passage for anyone who surrendered to them, in order to encourage the Iraqi Army to desert.



[[folder: The United States of America]]

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[[folder: The [[folder:The United States of America]]



* The "Green Berets" were inspired by another organization during World War II: the {{OSS}}, which would sneak around in enemy territory conducting sabotage and intelligence gathering operations, and working closely with members of the French Resistance. Their time truly came during the Cold War when the Soviet Union began sponsoring communist uprisings in other countries, most notably Vietnam where they reached the height of their fame, both as military advisors and as members of MACV-SOG, the codename for covert operations in Laos and Cambodia. Their popularity within the Army has risen and fallen over the years; at one point joining SF was considered career suicide for a soldier. Eventually they became their own branch within the Army, on par with the Infantry, Tanks, Medical, and others. Special Forces teams operate all over the world, with each Group working to become experts in one region. Their most well-known successes have been in South America and the initial fighting in Afghanistan. Special Forces are organized into Operational Detachment Alphas or "A-Teams" consisting of a wide range of technical specialists, including Weapons, Engineering, Communications, Medical, and Intelligence. Each of them has attended and passed Special Forces Asssessment and Selection, and completed the year-long (or more) Q Course to earn their green beret. Never call them that, though -- a green beret is a hat, not a man.

to:

* The "Green Berets" were inspired by another organization during World War II: the {{OSS}}, which would sneak around in enemy territory conducting sabotage and intelligence gathering operations, and working closely with members of the French Resistance. Their time truly came during the Cold War when the Soviet Union began sponsoring communist uprisings in other countries, most notably Vietnam where they reached the height of their fame, both as military advisors advisers and as members of MACV-SOG, the codename for covert operations in Laos and Cambodia. Their popularity within the Army has risen and fallen over the years; at one point joining SF was considered career suicide for a soldier. Eventually they became their own branch within the Army, on par with the Infantry, Tanks, Medical, and others. Special Forces teams operate all over the world, with each Group working to become experts in one region. Their most well-known successes have been in South America and the initial fighting in Afghanistan. Special Forces are organized into Operational Detachment Alphas or "A-Teams" consisting of a wide range of technical specialists, including Weapons, Engineering, Communications, Medical, and Intelligence. Each of them has attended and passed Special Forces Asssessment Assessment and Selection, and completed the year-long (or more) Q Course to earn their green beret. Never call them that, though -- a though--a green beret is a hat, not a man.



** '''[=MH60M=] Black Hawk''' - upgraded special operations variant of the US Army's trusty utility helicopter. The [=MH60M=] features a glass cockpit, upgraded engines, in flight refuelling system, and the ability to mount a variety of weapon and other systems.
** '''[=MH47G=] Chinook''' - upgraded special operations variant of the US Army's trusty heavy lift helicopter. The [=MH47G=] has an in-flight refuelling system, upgraded avionics and engines, and a more advanced systems package.
** '''[=MH/AH6M=] Little Bird''' - A modified version of the Hughes [=OH-7=] Cayeuse light observation helicopter. In essence, a light, maneuverable little chopper with some [[MoreDakka miniguns and rocket launchers bolted on.]] Used to devastating effect during Gothic Serpent.
** '''???''' - At least one stealthy version of the [=UH60=] Black Hawk. The aircraft has never been photographed, publicly acknowledged, or disclosed. Its cost, capabilities, armament (if any), and operational history are unknown. The existence of this variant became public only after one of them crashed during the raid on Osama Bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad. The aircraft was destroyed by the retreating [=SEALs=] and only [[http://sofrep.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/wreck2.jpg the tail section]] remained.

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** '''[=MH60M=] Black Hawk''' - Hawk''': upgraded special operations variant of the US Army's trusty utility helicopter. The [=MH60M=] features a glass cockpit, upgraded engines, in flight refuelling refueling system, and the ability to mount a variety of weapon and other systems.
** '''[=MH47G=] Chinook''' - Chinook''': upgraded special operations variant of the US Army's trusty heavy lift helicopter. The [=MH47G=] has an in-flight refuelling system, upgraded avionics and engines, and a more advanced systems package.
** '''[=MH/AH6M=] Little Bird''' - Bird''': A modified version of the Hughes [=OH-7=] Cayeuse light observation helicopter. In essence, a light, maneuverable little chopper with some [[MoreDakka miniguns and rocket launchers bolted on.]] Used to devastating effect during Gothic Serpent.
** '''???''' - '''???''': At least one stealthy version of the [=UH60=] Black Hawk. The aircraft has never been photographed, publicly acknowledged, or disclosed. Its cost, capabilities, armament (if any), and operational history are unknown. The existence of this variant became public only after one of them crashed during the raid on Osama Bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad. The aircraft was destroyed by the retreating [=SEALs=] and only [[http://sofrep.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/wreck2.jpg the tail section]] remained.



* SWCC Teams operate the US Navy's smallest watercraft in support of special operations. They have their roots in the PT Boat squadrons of WorldWarTwo and later in the riverine squadrons of the VietnamWar. SWCC Teams infiltrate enemy-held coastline and either deploy or extract [=SEALs=] or destroy enemy targets. The small boats operated by the SWCC teams are some of the fastest in the US Navy and, pound-for-pound, some of the most heavily armed. Due to their relatively low profile (despite some heroic engagements with FARC guerillas in Columbia, including one epic 3-day battle in 1996) and secrecy, they are sometimes referred to as "the US Navy's best kept secret". There again, they have recently seen some recognition, such as [[OneSceneWonder a scene-stealing]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uxm7uk7I07w role]] in ''Film/ActOfValor''. One of their coolest capabilities is the ability to deploy their boats and themselves via HALO jump, as well as a party-trick (but a damn useful one - one assumes) of being able to fast rope from a helicopter into an underslung boat in flight

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* SWCC Teams operate the US Navy's smallest watercraft in support of special operations. They have their roots in the PT Boat squadrons of WorldWarTwo UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and later in the riverine squadrons of the VietnamWar.UsefulNotes/VietnamWar. SWCC Teams infiltrate enemy-held coastline and either deploy or extract [=SEALs=] or destroy enemy targets. The small boats operated by the SWCC teams are some of the fastest in the US Navy and, pound-for-pound, some of the most heavily armed. Due to their relatively low profile (despite some heroic engagements with FARC guerillas in Columbia, including one epic 3-day battle in 1996) and secrecy, they are sometimes referred to as "the US Navy's best kept secret". There again, they have recently seen some recognition, such as [[OneSceneWonder a scene-stealing]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uxm7uk7I07w role]] in ''Film/ActOfValor''. One of their coolest capabilities is the ability to deploy their boats and themselves via HALO jump, as well as a party-trick (but a damn useful one - one, one assumes) of being able to fast rope from a helicopter into an underslung boat in flight



** '''11 Metre Rigid Hulled Inflatable Boat''': The 11M RHIB is the smallest craft used by SWCC. It is designed to be fast and reasonably stable in coastal waters. It is also very bouyant, and, as is par for the course with SWCC, well-armed.

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** '''11 Metre Rigid Hulled Inflatable Boat''': The 11M RHIB is the smallest craft used by SWCC. It is designed to be fast and reasonably stable in coastal waters. It is also very bouyant, buoyant, and, as is par for the course with SWCC, well-armed.



* Even special forces and fighter pilots have to call 911. When they do, Pararescue are the ones that respond. The need for the Pararescuemen, or [=PJs=] (Para Jumpers), was first identified in loose terms in 1922, but it was in WorldWarTwo that they came into their own in the criminally little-known Central Asian theatre, initially trained by US Forestry Commission smokejumpers. Whilst combat search and rescue in the European theater was essentially impossible due to tight German control (not to mention LaResistance were better at sheltering airmen anyway), the Allied efforts to supply the Chinese against the Japanese from India necessitated flying over the loosely controlled Himalayas and Burma (a route known as "the Hump"). The first [=PJs=] were the men who rescued the many downed aircrew who undertook this risky mission over the Roof of the World, fighting off the Japanese, tribes of head hunters, and the bitter cold to complete their mission. With the invention of the helicopter and the Vietnam War, the [=PJs=] became even more vital - with their "Jolly Green Giant" rescue helicopters, the [=PJs=] rescued hundreds of downed airmen, earning ten of the USAF's nineteen air force crosses. Once upon a time, they were seen as an "easy" route into the special operations community, earning them the pejorative nickname of "shake-n-bake commandos". Now, they are considered one of the toughest units in the entire US military, and have the highest washout rate of any American SOF unit, roughly 90%. Each PJ is not only a capable parachutist, but a medic and an infantryman too.

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* Even special forces and fighter pilots have to call 911. When they do, Pararescue are the ones that respond. The need for the Pararescuemen, or [=PJs=] (Para Jumpers), was first identified in loose terms in 1922, but it was in WorldWarTwo UsefulNotes/WorldWarTwo that they came into their own in the criminally little-known Central Asian theatre, theater, initially trained by US Forestry Commission smokejumpers. Whilst combat search and rescue in the European theater was essentially impossible due to tight German control (not to mention LaResistance were better at sheltering airmen anyway), the Allied efforts to supply the Chinese against the Japanese from India necessitated flying over the loosely controlled Himalayas and Burma (a route known as "the Hump"). The first [=PJs=] were the men who rescued the many downed aircrew who undertook this risky mission over the Roof of the World, fighting off the Japanese, tribes of head hunters, and the bitter cold to complete their mission. With the invention of the helicopter and the Vietnam War, the [=PJs=] became even more vital - with vital--with their "Jolly Green Giant" rescue helicopters, the [=PJs=] rescued hundreds of downed airmen, earning ten of the USAF's nineteen air force crosses. Once upon a time, they were seen as an "easy" route into the special operations community, earning them the pejorative nickname of "shake-n-bake commandos". Now, they are considered one of the toughest units in the entire US military, and have the highest washout rate of any American SOF unit, roughly 90%. Each PJ is not only a capable parachutist, but a medic and an infantryman too.



* USAF CCT are both trained combat soldiers and FAA-certified air traffic controllers. Their job is to control and coordinate air assets in combat zones and in support of special operations. They frequently deploy with US Navy [=SEALs=] and Delta in order to provide air support, communications, command and control, and obstacle destruction. Since the beginning of the War on Terror, the CCT have earned three Air Force crosses. They play a vital role in disaster relief too - during the aftermath of the Haiti earthquake, Combat Controllers promptly established a working control system, successfully landing four million pounds of supplies. The leader of that particular operation, Chief Master Sergeant Tony Travis, was later named one of ''TIME'' magazines 100 most influential people of 2010. Some 85% of the air strikes of Operation Enduring Freedom were called in by Combat Controllers. One Combat Controller, Technical Sergeant Robert Epps, deployed to Mission City, Egypt, and Chicago in support of Optimus Prime and his Autobots in ''{{Film/Transformers}}''.

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* USAF CCT are both trained combat soldiers and FAA-certified air traffic controllers. Their job is to control and coordinate air assets in combat zones and in support of special operations. They frequently deploy with US Navy [=SEALs=] and Delta in order to provide air support, communications, command and control, and obstacle destruction. Since the beginning of the War on Terror, the CCT have earned three Air Force crosses. They play a vital role in disaster relief too - during relief, too--during the aftermath of the Haiti earthquake, Combat Controllers promptly established a working control system, successfully landing four million pounds of supplies. The leader of that particular operation, Chief Master Sergeant Tony Travis, was later named one of ''TIME'' magazines 100 most influential people of 2010. Some 85% of the air strikes of Operation Enduring Freedom were called in by Combat Controllers. One Combat Controller, Technical Sergeant Robert Epps, deployed to Mission City, Egypt, and Chicago in support of Optimus Prime and his Autobots in ''{{Film/Transformers}}''.



Officially, JSOC is a "joint headquarters designed to study special operations requirements and techniques; ensure interoperability and equipment standardization; plan and conduct joint special operations exercises and training; and develop joint special operations tactics." This may even be true. However, there is a lot more to their operations than that. JSOC commands and controls the special mission units of USSOCOM. Since 9/11, their primary mission is to search for and destroy terror cells worldwide. They answer directly to the President, and their budget, which is almost certainly in the billions, is classified. JSOC also operates across borders in operations that officially do not exist. A shadowy bunch, they are also the ''creme de la creme'' of the US special operations community, and indeed, some of the deadliest special forces in the world. The conduct extensive work with the Central Intelligence Agency, and are known to have conducted operations in Pakistan, Yemen, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Iran (including kidnapping Iranian Revolutionary Guard officers) in support of the War on Terror.

* '''Name''': 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta

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Officially, JSOC is a "joint headquarters designed to study special operations requirements and techniques; ensure interoperability and equipment standardization; plan and conduct joint special operations exercises and training; and develop joint special operations tactics." This may even be true. However, there is a lot more to their operations than that. JSOC commands and controls the special mission units of USSOCOM. Since 9/11, their primary mission is to search for and destroy terror cells worldwide. They answer directly to the President, and their budget, which is almost certainly in the billions, is classified. JSOC also operates across borders in operations that officially do not exist. A shadowy bunch, they are also the ''creme ''crème de la creme'' crème'' of the US special operations community, and indeed, some of the deadliest special forces in the world. The conduct extensive work with the Central Intelligence Agency, and are known to have conducted operations in Pakistan, Yemen, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Iran (including kidnapping Iranian Revolutionary Guard officers) in support of the War on Terror.

* '''Name''': 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - DeltaDetachment--Delta



* One of the Army's "Tier One" special mission units and certainly the most famous. The idea for Delta Force was conceived by a young Special Forces Captain named Charlie Beckwith after he served an exchange tour with the SAS and came to believe that America was vulnerable in not having a unit with similar capabilities. He lobbied hard and called in every favor he could, and eventually Delta Force was born. They are reputed to take a highly scientific approach to developing tactics and techniques, combined with highly creative mission planning, though their record is marred by the disaster known as Operation Eagle Claw and a lot of friction with the regular Army. One commander called them the least friendly people he had ever met[[note]]CPT "Chester Wong" in Yellow Green Beret[[/note]]. Generally speaking, you don't find them. They find you. They have been heavily involved in almost every United States military operation since their formation. Two members, snipers Gary Gordon and Randy Shughart, recieved the Medal of Honor after a HeroicSacrifice during the Battle of Mogadishu, in which the two men accounted for 25 hostiles between them. Though not deployed to kill OsamaBinLaden (something they are rather displeased about), they do have a fair few famous scalps: They captured Saddam Hussein and killed his sons during Operation Iraqi Freedom. They ''may'' have killed the notorious drug lord [[TheCartel Pablo Escobar]], and they captured Manuel Noriega during Operation Nifty Package. To disguise their existence, the Unit's official name on the Army's inventory has changed several times and they have been referred to as the Combat Applications Group (CAG) and Army Compartmented Elements (ACE).

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* One of the Army's "Tier One" special mission units and certainly the most famous. The idea for Delta Force was conceived by a young Special Forces Captain named Charlie Beckwith after he served an exchange tour with the SAS and came to believe that America was vulnerable in not having a unit with similar capabilities. He lobbied hard and called in every favor he could, and eventually Delta Force was born. They are reputed to take a highly scientific approach to developing tactics and techniques, combined with highly creative mission planning, though their record is marred by the disaster known as Operation Eagle Claw and a lot of friction with the regular Army. One commander called them the least friendly people he had ever met[[note]]CPT "Chester Wong" in Yellow Green Beret[[/note]]. Generally speaking, you don't find them. They find you. They have been heavily involved in almost every United States military operation since their formation. Two members, snipers Gary Gordon and Randy Shughart, recieved the Medal of Honor after a HeroicSacrifice during the Battle of Mogadishu, in which the two men accounted for 25 hostiles between them. Though not deployed to kill OsamaBinLaden UsefulNotes/OsamaBinLaden (something they are rather displeased about), they do have a fair few famous scalps: They captured Saddam Hussein and killed his sons during Operation Iraqi Freedom. They ''may'' have killed the notorious drug lord [[TheCartel Pablo Escobar]], and they captured Manuel Noriega during Operation Nifty Package. To disguise their existence, the Unit's official name on the Army's inventory has changed several times and they have been referred to as the Combat Applications Group (CAG) and Army Compartmented Elements (ACE).



* After the debacle of Operation Eagle Claw, the Navy was ordered to contribute men to the newly formed Joint Special Operations Command (not to be confused with Special Operations Command). Charlie Beckwith agreed that having a water-based component attached to Delta might not be such a bad idea. Unfortunately for him, the commander of this "support unit" was Dick Marcinko, who took this tiny element and turned it into a competitive alternative to Delta Force[[note]]"So long as we carried water in our canteens, we'd be in a maritime environment, or close enough for me" -- Dick Marcinko[[/note]], the shadowy SEAL Team 6. Throughout its history, DEVGRU has attracted a reputation for out-of-the-box thinking that [[RedOniBlueOni stands in sharp contrast to Delta]] and sometimes works to its disadvantage as commanders in Afghanistan were still unwilling to trust the "cowboy outfit" even after so many decades. Nevertheless, they did get OsamaBinLaden.

to:

* After the debacle of Operation Eagle Claw, the Navy was ordered to contribute men to the newly formed newly-formed Joint Special Operations Command (not to be confused with Special Operations Command). Charlie Beckwith agreed that having a water-based component attached to Delta might not be such a bad idea. Unfortunately for him, the commander of this "support unit" was Dick Marcinko, who took this tiny element and turned it into a competitive alternative to Delta Force[[note]]"So long as we carried water in our canteens, we'd be in a maritime environment, or close enough for me" -- Dick Marcinko[[/note]], me." --'''Dick Marcinko'''[[/note]], the shadowy SEAL Team 6. Throughout its history, DEVGRU has attracted a reputation for out-of-the-box thinking that [[RedOniBlueOni stands in sharp contrast to Delta]] and sometimes works to its disadvantage as commanders in Afghanistan were still unwilling to trust the "cowboy outfit" even after so many decades. Nevertheless, they did get OsamaBinLaden.
UsefulNotes/OsamaBinLaden.



* Whenever the CIA needs to conduct paramilitary operations, and, usually, when they need to pretend someone else did it, they deploy the Special Operations Group (part of the Special Activities Division), the de-facto successor to the OSS. Aside from the former ISA, they are America's most secretive special operations unit, and perhaps the most capable. Their missions go beyond special operations and straight into covert, clandestine, black, white, blue, and tie-dye ops (Do you even know what a tie-dye op is? Exactly). The SOG is responsible for a number of innovations in special operations, including [=HALO/HAHO=] jumps and the Fulton surface-to-air-recovery system (STARS). The STARS was successfully deployed in Operation COLDFEET, when two CIA SAD operatives broke into and looted an abandoned Soviet ice station in the Arctic, during [[{{Film/Thunderball}} Operation THUNDERBALL]], when Film/JamesBond [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MBssigGUYFg escaped from SPECTRE]] using the system, [[note]]Something many audiences found [[RealityIsUnrealistic implausible]][[/note]], and most recently in HongKong by a [[Film/TheDarkKnightSaga masked vigilante]] who abducted a [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs prominent local businessman.]] Highly-trained and often multilingual, details of many of their missions are classified, though they were instrumental in the raid on Bin Laden's compound (SOG officers already in the area cut the power to Bin Laden's compound - and they got clean away afterwards), and vital in the capture of Ilyich Ramirez Sanchez (A.K.A Carlos the Jackal) along with the French, as well as the capture of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the Maoist terrorist Abimael Guzman, mastermind of the USS ''Cole'' bombing Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, and Afghan insurgent leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. One program, since terminated by Leon Panetta, was the targeted abduction or/and killing of Al-Qaeda operatives worldwide. They also operate the CIA's controversial drone program. Basically, they are everywhere. They could even be behind you as you read this! Spooky, eh?

to:

* Whenever the CIA needs to conduct paramilitary operations, and, usually, when they need to pretend someone else did it, they deploy the Special Operations Group (part of the Special Activities Division), the de-facto ''de facto'' successor to the OSS. Aside from the former ISA, they are America's most secretive special operations unit, and perhaps the most capable. Their missions go beyond special operations and straight into covert, clandestine, black, white, blue, and tie-dye ops (Do you even know what a tie-dye op is? Exactly). The SOG is responsible for a number of innovations in special operations, including [=HALO/HAHO=] jumps and the Fulton surface-to-air-recovery system (STARS). The STARS was successfully deployed in Operation COLDFEET, when two CIA SAD operatives broke into and looted an abandoned Soviet ice station in the Arctic, during [[{{Film/Thunderball}} Operation THUNDERBALL]], when Film/JamesBond [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MBssigGUYFg escaped from SPECTRE]] using the system, [[note]]Something many audiences found [[RealityIsUnrealistic implausible]][[/note]], and most recently in HongKong by a [[Film/TheDarkKnightSaga masked vigilante]] who abducted a [[TheTriadsAndTheTongs prominent local businessman.]] Highly-trained and often multilingual, details of many of their missions are classified, though they were instrumental in the raid on Bin Laden's compound (SOG officers already in the area cut the power to Bin Laden's compound - and compound--and they got clean away afterwards), and vital in the capture of Ilyich Ramirez Sanchez (A.K.A Carlos the Jackal) along with the French, as well as the capture of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the Maoist terrorist Abimael Guzman, mastermind of the USS ''Cole'' bombing Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, and Afghan insurgent leader Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. One program, since terminated by Leon Panetta, was the targeted abduction or/and killing of Al-Qaeda operatives worldwide. They also operate the CIA's controversial drone program. Basically, they are everywhere. They could even be behind you as you read this! Spooky, eh?



[[folder: The United Kingdom]]

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[[folder: The [[folder:The United Kingdom]]



* '''Motto''': ''Utrinque Paratus'' ("Ready for Anything" - 1 PARA), ''Per Mare Per Terram'' ("By Sea, By Land" - Royal Marines), ''Per Ardua'' ("Through Adversity" - RAF Regt)

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* '''Motto''': ''Utrinque Paratus'' ("Ready for Anything" - 1 Anything"--1 PARA), ''Per Mare Per Terram'' ("By Sea, By Land" - Royal Land"--Royal Marines), ''Per Ardua'' ("Through Adversity" - RAF Adversity"--RAF Regt)



* '''Nickname(s)''': Scaleybacks, Scaleys (in common with all other RCS outfits. ''See also'' - '''SAS''')

to:

* '''Nickname(s)''': Scaleybacks, Scaleys (in common with all other RCS outfits. ''See also'' - '''SAS''')



[[folder: La France]]
!!Commandement des Opérations Spéciales (COS) - Special Operations Command

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[[folder: La [[folder:La France]]
!!Commandement des Opérations Spéciales (COS) - Special (COS)--Special Operations Command



!!Brigade des Forces Spéciales Terre (BFST) - Special Ground Forces Brigade | [[GaulsWithGrenades French Army]]

* '''Name''': 1er Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine - 1st [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment]]

to:

!!Brigade des Forces Spéciales Terre (BFST) - Special (BFST)--Special Ground Forces Brigade | [[GaulsWithGrenades French Army]]

* '''Name''': 1er Régiment de Parachutistes d'Infanterie de Marine - 1st Marine--1st [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment]]



* The French Army first began deploying men to fight on ships (a nasty surprise for any ''rosbifs'' who managed to board) them in 1762, and it is from this proud tradition that the "Marine" part of the 1st Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment comes from. The "Infantry Parachute" part comes from the Free French who served with the British SAS during WWII. In 1940, Charles De Gaulle established the 1st Free French Airborne Infantry Company, which had such a good relationship with Major Stirling's incipient SAS that it became the French Brigade. Between 1941 and 1943, they parachuted into occupied France and raised merry hell with the German occupation, liasing with LaResistance and generally being a thorn in the side of the Jerries. The ethos of the regiment is formed around learning skills. It is organized into four RAPAS (Airborne Reconnaissance and Special Action) companies. Each RAPAS qualified member is trained in air insertion, amphibious operations, motorized operations, counter-terrorism, close protection and theatre-specific skills. Each RAPAS company further specializes - 1st Company does airborne operations, combat diving, urban warfare, counter-terrorism and close protection, 2nd Company does jungle, desert, arctic, and mountain warfare, 3rd Company does motorized operations, and 4th Company does recon, acquisition, and training. In addition, the unit fields Special Recce Patrols who infiltrate ahead of the main force and provide intel.

* '''Name''': 13e Régiment de Dragons Parachutistes - 13th Dragoon Parachute Regiment

to:

* The French Army first began deploying men to fight on ships (a nasty surprise for any ''rosbifs'' who managed to board) them in 1762, and it is from this proud tradition that the "Marine" part of the 1st Marine Infantry Parachute Regiment comes from. The "Infantry Parachute" part comes from the Free French who served with the British SAS during WWII. In 1940, Charles De Gaulle established the 1st Free French Airborne Infantry Company, which had such a good relationship with Major Stirling's incipient SAS that it became the French Brigade. Between 1941 and 1943, they parachuted into occupied France and raised merry hell with the German occupation, liasing with LaResistance and generally being a thorn in the side of the Jerries. The ethos of the regiment is formed around learning skills. It is organized into four RAPAS (Airborne Reconnaissance and Special Action) companies. Each RAPAS qualified member is trained in air insertion, amphibious operations, motorized operations, counter-terrorism, close protection and theatre-specific theater-specific skills. Each RAPAS company further specializes - 1st specializes-1st Company does airborne operations, combat diving, urban warfare, counter-terrorism and close protection, 2nd Company does jungle, desert, arctic, and mountain warfare, 3rd Company does motorized operations, and 4th Company does recon, acquisition, and training. In addition, the unit fields Special Recce Patrols who infiltrate ahead of the main force and provide intel.

* '''Name''': 13e Régiment de Dragons Parachutistes - 13th Parachutistes--13th Dragoon Parachute Regiment



* The 13th Dragoon Parachute Infantry Regiment has a long history. It traces its origins back to a regiment of dragoons raised in Languedoc by the Marquis de Barbezières in 1676. It served as the ''dragons de Condé'', and has battle honors from Valmy, Jena, Hohenlinden, Austerlitz, Moscow, Ypres, Verdun, and Algeria. Currently, it provides special reconnaissance - its mission is to infiltrate enemy territory and provide human intelligence. It operates in a variety of environments - from arctic to urban. Intel from the 13th RDP was vital in the Kosovo and Gulf Wars, and their recon contributed to the capture of Serbian war criminal Momčilo Krajišnik in Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 2000. Its operators are highly sought after by the DGSE, France's intelligence service.

* '''Name''': 4e Régiment d'Hélicoptères des Forces Spéciales - 4th Special Forces Helicopter Regiment

to:

* The 13th Dragoon Parachute Infantry Regiment has a long history. It traces its origins back to a regiment of dragoons raised in Languedoc by the Marquis de Barbezières in 1676. It served as the ''dragons de Condé'', and has battle honors from Valmy, Jena, Hohenlinden, Austerlitz, Moscow, Ypres, Verdun, and Algeria. Currently, it provides special reconnaissance - its reconnaissance--its mission is to infiltrate enemy territory and provide human intelligence. It operates in a variety of environments - from environments--from arctic to urban. Intel from the 13th RDP was vital in the Kosovo and Gulf Wars, and their recon contributed to the capture of Serbian war criminal Momčilo Krajišnik in Pale, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 2000. Its operators are highly sought after by the DGSE, France's intelligence service.

* '''Name''': 4e Régiment d'Hélicoptères des Forces Spéciales - 4th Spéciales--4th Special Forces Helicopter Regiment



!!''For''ce maritime des ''fus''iliers marins et ''co''mmandos (FORFUSCO) - Naval Infantry and Naval Commandos Force | French Navy

* '''Name''': Commandos Marines - Naval Commandos

to:

!!''For''ce maritime des ''fus''iliers marins et ''co''mmandos (FORFUSCO) - Naval (FORFUSCO)--Naval Infantry and Naval Commandos Force | French Navy

* '''Name''': Commandos Marines - Naval Marines--Naval Commandos



* '''Name''': Commando parachutiste de l'air n°10 - No.10 (Air Parachute) Commando

to:

* '''Name''': Commando parachutiste de l'air n°10 - No.n°10--No.10 (Air Parachute) Commando



* CPA 10 was first formed when France sent operatives to the Soviet Union to observe Soviet paratroop techniques. In 1935, the French Air Minister, General Denain, ordered that a parachute school be formed in Avignon. During the French colonial campaign in Algeria, it became clear that there was a need for a dedicated force to coordinate airstrikes with ground troops, and so CPA 10 was born at Reghaïa. Either on foot or inserting via helicopter, they proved themselves vital. It's main aim is to facilitate the use of air power in depth. Its members are capable combat controllers and military parachutists. The French Air Force also fields a Special Operations Division who operate various aircraft in support of CPA 10

to:

* CPA 10 was first formed when France sent operatives to the Soviet Union to observe Soviet paratroop techniques. In 1935, the French Air Minister, General Denain, ordered that a parachute school be formed in Avignon. During the French colonial campaign in Algeria, it became clear that there was a need for a dedicated force to coordinate airstrikes with ground troops, and so CPA 10 was born at Reghaïa. Either on foot or inserting via helicopter, they proved themselves vital. It's main aim is to facilitate the use of air power in depth. Its members are capable combat controllers and military parachutists. The French Air Force also fields a Special Operations Division who operate various aircraft in support of CPA 10
10.



!! Armée de Terre - Ground Army

* '''Name''': Légion étrangère (L.E) - French Foreign Legion

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!! Armée de Terre - Ground Terre--Ground Army

* '''Name''': Légion étrangère (L.E) - French E)--French Foreign Legion



* '''Motto''': Honneur et Fidélité (Honour and Fidelity - Official), "Marche ou crève" (March or Die - Unofficial)

to:

* '''Motto''': Honneur et Fidélité (Honour (Honor and Fidelity - Official), Fidelity--Official), "Marche ou crève" (March or Die - Unofficial)Die--Unofficial)



* While typically thought of as [[LegionOfLostSouls a place where people go to disappear]], ''la Légion'' serves a different and much more convenient purpose as a unit of expendable foreigners that the French government can send to foreign lands where something needs to be done but French casualties would be unacceptable. Each recruit is told straight out that this is their purpose, hence the famous maxim that you go to the Legion to die and the Legion will send you somewhere you can die. Contrary to popular belief, criminals are no longer accepted. The Legion still maintains bases in French Guiana and Corsica, the home of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, which is as close as you can get to elite in this outfit. Whilst la Légion is not technically speaking a special operations force, its original function as an expendable force is stll upheld, and as a result it often draws some of the more dangerous missions of the French state. It ''is'' a very professional and able body of infantry, comparable to the US Rangers and British Royal Marines, and at the forefront of all modern-day French military deployments.

!!Gendarmerie nationale - National Gendarmerie

to:

* While typically thought of as [[LegionOfLostSouls a place where people go to disappear]], ''la Légion'' serves a different and much more convenient purpose as a unit of expendable foreigners that the French government can send to foreign lands where something needs to be done but French casualties would be unacceptable. Each recruit is told straight out that this is their purpose, hence the famous maxim that you go to the Legion to die and the Legion will send you somewhere you can die. Contrary to popular belief, criminals are no longer accepted. The Legion still maintains bases in French Guiana and Corsica, the home of the 2nd Foreign Parachute Regiment, which is as close as you can get to elite in this outfit. Whilst While la Légion is not technically speaking a special operations force, its original function as an expendable force is stll still upheld, and as a result it often draws some of the more dangerous missions of the French state. It ''is'' a very professional and able body of infantry, comparable to the US Rangers and British Royal Marines, and at the forefront of all modern-day French military deployments.

!!Gendarmerie nationale - National nationale--National Gendarmerie



!!Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure - General Directorate for External Security

* '''Name''': Division Action - Action Division

to:

!!Direction Générale de la Sécurité Extérieure - General Extérieure--General Directorate for External Security

* '''Name''': Division Action - Action Action--Action Division



* The DGSE has a reputation, entirely deserved, for being one of the most ruthless and efficient intelligence agencies on the planet, even a planet it shares with Mossad. When it needs to conduct violent operations, it turns to its Action Division, roughly analogous to the Special Operations Groups of the CIA's SAD. Its responsibilites include carrying out black operations for the Directorate, as well as testing the security of France's most prized facilities, such as nuclear power plants. It is infamous for destroying Greenpeace's flagship ''Rainbow Warrier'' in Auckland Harbor, which killed a photographer on board, to prevent it interfering with a nuclear test. When the New Zealand authorities agreed that two of the agents in question (the only ones captured - the rest of the team escaped) fill out their sentences on a French military base, the French government [[ILied promptly returned them to France]]. The unit recently recieved the Croix De Valeur Militaire avec Palmes for "highly sensitive recent engagements. [[/folder]]

[[folder: Deutschland]]

!!Division Spezielle Operationen ([[WeAreNotTheWehrmacht Bundeswehr]]) - Special Operations Division (Federal Defense Forces)

to:

* The DGSE has a reputation, entirely deserved, for being one of the most ruthless and efficient intelligence agencies on the planet, even a planet it shares with Mossad. When it needs to conduct violent operations, it turns to its Action Division, roughly analogous to the Special Operations Groups of the CIA's SAD. Its responsibilites responsibilities include carrying out black operations for the Directorate, as well as testing the security of France's most prized facilities, such as nuclear power plants. It is infamous for destroying Greenpeace's flagship ''Rainbow Warrier'' in Auckland Harbor, which killed a photographer on board, to prevent it interfering with a nuclear test. When the New Zealand authorities agreed that two of the agents in question (the only ones captured - the captured--the rest of the team escaped) fill out their sentences on a French military base, the French government [[ILied promptly returned them to France]]. The unit recently recieved received the Croix De Valeur Militaire avec Palmes for "highly sensitive recent engagements. engagements.
[[/folder]]

[[folder: Deutschland]]

[[folder:Deutschland]]
!!Division Spezielle Operationen ([[WeAreNotTheWehrmacht Bundeswehr]]) - Special Bundeswehr]])--Special Operations Division (Federal Defense Forces)



* The fear of a resurgence of German militarism is strong in Berlin, and for a long time the idea of special operations was resisted by the German ''Bundestag'' as it was feared that "secret" units would lead eventually to secret wars, and the civilian political leadership being cut out of the decision making process, enabling the lack of democratic oversight that allowed UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler to bind the German Army to him and thus ravage Europe. However, by 1996, the German government finally relented and permitted the creation of the KSK, which combined the most elite units of the German Army (which were ''de facto'' SOF anyway) into a single dedicated special operations force. With the outbreak of the War On Terror five years later, the KSK has had a steep learning curve. Nevertheless, typical Teutonic efficiency has moulded them into a highly effective force, taking part in the Battle of Tora Bora in 2001. They are ordered into 6 platoons (1-5 and Command), with each specializing in a different aspect of special operations.

* '''Name''': Luftlandebrigade 26 "Saarland" - 26 (Saarland) Airborne Brigade

to:

* The fear of a resurgence of German militarism is strong in Berlin, and for a long time the idea of special operations was resisted by the German ''Bundestag'' as it was feared that "secret" units would lead eventually to secret wars, and the civilian political leadership being cut out of the decision making process, enabling the lack of democratic oversight that allowed UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler to bind the German Army to him and thus ravage Europe. However, by 1996, the German government finally relented and permitted the creation of the KSK, which combined the most elite units of the German Army (which were ''de facto'' SOF anyway) into a single dedicated special operations force. With the outbreak of the War On Terror five years later, the KSK has had a steep learning curve. Nevertheless, typical Teutonic efficiency has moulded molded them into a highly effective force, taking part in the Battle of Tora Bora in 2001. They are ordered into 6 platoons (1-5 and Command), with each specializing in a different aspect of special operations.

* '''Name''': Luftlandebrigade 26 "Saarland" - 26 "Saarland"--26 (Saarland) Airborne Brigade



* '''Motto''': Einsatzbereit – jederzeit – weltweit ("Ready For Action - Anytime - Worldwide")

to:

* '''Motto''': Einsatzbereit – jederzeit – weltweit Einsatzbereit--jederzeit--weltweit ("Ready For Action - Anytime - Worldwide")Action--Anytime--Worldwide")



* A regular airborne brigade of the German Army attached to the DSO, the 26 (Saarland) is part of Germany's "intervention force" - the part of the German Army that is to deploy anywhere in the world. It functions in combat as a regular, though very high-quality, air assault and paratroops brigade. It was formed in 1958 and has seen action in Kosovo and Afghanistan, not to mention [[UsefulNotes/ColdWar the years of staring across the North German Plain at the 3rd Shock Army and their mates.]]

* '''Name''': Luftlandebrigade 31 “Oldenburg“ - 31 (Oldenburg) Airborne Brigade

to:

* A regular airborne brigade of the German Army attached to the DSO, the 26 (Saarland) is part of Germany's "intervention force" - the force"--the part of the German Army that is to deploy anywhere in the world. It functions in combat as a regular, though very high-quality, air assault and paratroops brigade. It was formed in 1958 and has seen action in Kosovo and Afghanistan, not to mention [[UsefulNotes/ColdWar the years of staring across the North German Plain at the 3rd Shock Army and their mates.]]

mates]].

* '''Name''': Luftlandebrigade 31 “Oldenburg“ - 31 "Oldenburg"--31 (Oldenburg) Airborne Brigade



* '''Motto''': Einsatzbereit – jederzeit – weltweit ("Ready For Action - Anytime - Worldwide")

to:

* '''Motto''': Einsatzbereit – jederzeit – weltweit Einsatzbereit--jederzeit--weltweit ("Ready For Action - Anytime - Worldwide")Action--Anytime--Worldwide")



* A regular airborne brigade of the German Army attached to the DSO, the 31 (Oldenburg) is part of Germany's "intervention force" - the part of the German Army that is to deploy anywhere in the world. It functions in combat as a regular, though very high-quality, air assault and paratroops brigade. It was formed in 1993.

to:

* A regular airborne brigade of the German Army attached to the DSO, the 31 (Oldenburg) is part of Germany's "intervention force" - the force"--the part of the German Army that is to deploy anywhere in the world. It functions in combat as a regular, though very high-quality, air assault and paratroops brigade. It was formed in 1993.



* As you should know, these guys were formed after the Israeli athlete hostage situation (and subsequent massacre) at the 1972 Munich Olympics. Simply put, German police were ill-equipped and poorly-trained to handle things, as the ''Bundeswehr'' was forbidden from acting on German soil in peacetime, and botched a rescue attempt so badly that all the hostages were killed. Much like France's GIGN, they're actually more of a police force than an actual military unit like most special forces -- again, has to do with articles in their constitution and older events that transpired in the past. They made up for the failure of German police forces five years later, when a team deployed to Somalia managed to rescue 86 hostages being held aboard an airliner without losing a single officer or getting any of the hostages killed.

to:

* As you should know, these guys were formed after the Israeli athlete hostage situation (and subsequent massacre) at the 1972 Munich Olympics. Simply put, German police were ill-equipped and poorly-trained to handle things, as the ''Bundeswehr'' was forbidden from acting on German soil in peacetime, and botched a rescue attempt so badly that all the hostages were killed. Much like France's GIGN, they're actually more of a police force than an actual military unit like most special forces -- again, forces--again, has to do with articles in their constitution and older events that transpired in the past. They made up for the failure of German police forces five years later, when a team deployed to Somalia managed to rescue 86 hostages being held aboard an airliner without losing a single officer or getting any of the hostages killed.



[[folder: Россия]]

to:

[[folder: Россия]]
[[folder:Россия]]






* The one word of Russian that everyone knows after da, nyet, and vodka. Spetsnaz is actually a catch-all term meaning special purpose forces and refers to a number of different units that there is very little information about. When people think of the Spetsnaz, they are usually thinking of the Spetsnaz GRU which were part of the Russian Army and under the command of their intelligence division. However there are Naval Spetsnaz units as well as police units with their own distinct capabilities. At the height of their power, Spetsnaz brigades were rumored to have assassination companies attached to them who were trained exclusively in eliminating high value targets - indeed, the rumor mill went into overdrive during the eighties, with unfeasible numbers of Spetsnaz supposedly deployed throughout Europe, ready to decapitate NATO with a simple trigger word. In the modern era, however, they are associated with tragically bungled operations like the Moscow Theatre and Beslan School sieges.

!!Сухопутные войска Российской Федерации - Ground Forces of the Russian Federation

to:

* The one word of Russian that everyone knows after da, nyet, "da", "nyet", and vodka. Spetsnaz "vodka". "Spetsnaz" is actually a catch-all term meaning special purpose forces and refers to a number of different units that there is very little information about. When people think of the Spetsnaz, they are usually thinking of the Spetsnaz GRU which were part of the Russian Army and under the command of their intelligence division. However there are Naval Spetsnaz units as well as police units with their own distinct capabilities. At the height of their power, Spetsnaz brigades were rumored to have assassination companies attached to them who were trained exclusively in eliminating high value targets - indeed, targets--indeed, the rumor mill went into overdrive during the eighties, with unfeasible numbers of Spetsnaz supposedly deployed throughout Europe, ready to decapitate NATO with a simple trigger word. In the modern era, however, they are associated with tragically bungled operations like the Moscow Theatre Theater and Beslan School sieges.

!!Сухопутные войска Российской Федерации - Ground Федерации--Ground Forces of the Russian Federation



* '''Motto''': "Greatness of Motherland in your glorious deeds" (possibly - this was the GRU motto)
* '''Headquarters''': Various - GRU headquarters are on Khoroshevskoye Shosse 76, Moscow, Russia, 123007[[note]]That's the actual address if you want to mail them - but don't do anything silly like offering to betray your own country or sending them your poo, as you never know who might come after you - though this page might give you some idea![[/note]]
* The very first thing you should know about these guys is to forget everything you've heard of them -- it is all smoke and mirrors, and if you met someone claiming to be one of them you can laugh to the lying bastard's face. Everything about this branch is a closely guarded state secret drowned in tonnes of disinformation. Even their overall number is classified. Originally under the command of the GRU (Russian military intelligence), the military Spetsnaz were transferred to regional military control in 2008, though this is probably another deception. Unfortunately, due to their secretiveness the quality of these soldiers is difficult to ascertain, though their reputation in Soviet times was impressive, and they were one of the few branches whose funding wasn't badly cut durig the lean times in 90es. Generally, they perform the same basic functions of the special operations of other militaries - reconnaissance, target designation, direct action, search and destroy etc. They had some success in Chechnya. It is rumored that their common front is VDV Spetsnaz, they generally train with them and pose as members of VDV spec ops units.

* '''Name''': Специальные батальоны "Восток" и "Запад" - Special Battalions "East" and "West"

to:

* '''Motto''': "Greatness of Motherland in your glorious deeds" (possibly - this (possibly--this was the GRU motto)
* '''Headquarters''': Various - GRU Various--GRU headquarters are on Khoroshevskoye Shosse 76, Moscow, Russia, 123007[[note]]That's the actual address if you want to mail them - but them--but don't do anything silly like offering to betray your own country or sending them your poo, as you never know who might come after you - though you--though this page might give you some idea![[/note]]
* The very first thing you should know about these guys is to forget everything you've heard of them -- it them--it is all smoke and mirrors, and if you met someone claiming to be one of them you can laugh to the lying bastard's face. Everything about this branch is a closely guarded state secret drowned in tonnes of disinformation. Even their overall number is classified. Originally under the command of the GRU (Russian military intelligence), the military Spetsnaz were transferred to regional military control in 2008, though this is probably another deception. Unfortunately, due to their secretiveness secretiveness, the quality of these soldiers is difficult to ascertain, though their reputation in Soviet times was impressive, impressive and they were one of the few branches whose funding wasn't badly cut durig during the lean times in 90es. the 90s. Generally, they perform the same basic functions of the special operations of other militaries - reconnaissance, militaries--reconnaissance, target designation, direct action, search and destroy etc. They had some success in Chechnya. It is rumored that their common front is VDV Spetsnaz, they generally train with them and pose as members of VDV spec ops units.

* '''Name''': Специальные батальоны "Восток" и "Запад" - Special "Запад"--Special Battalions "East" and "West"



!!Воздушно-десантные войска, ВДВ - Air Landing Forces, VDV

to:

!!Воздушно-десантные войска, ВДВ - Air ВДВ--Air Landing Forces, VDV



* '''Name''': 45-й гвардейский отдельный разведывательный ордена Александра Невского полк ВДВ - 45th Guards Detached Reconnaissance Regiment of the VDV

to:

* '''Name''': 45-й гвардейский отдельный разведывательный ордена Александра Невского полк ВДВ - 45th ВДВ--45th Guards Detached Reconnaissance Regiment of the VDV



!!Военно-морской Флот Российской Федерации - Military-Maritime Fleet of the Russian Federation

to:

!!Военно-морской Флот Российской Федерации - Military-Maritime Федерации--Military-Maritime Fleet of the Russian Federation



!!Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации (ФСБ) - Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB)

to:

!!Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации (ФСБ) - Federal (ФСБ)--Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB)



* A dedicated counter-terrorism unit attached to the Federal Security Service or FSB. Although they are mostly used in internal incidents, members of the Alpha Group have been seen in Chechnya and other countries where Russia has national interests. They received one of their few prominent depictions in western media with the release of ''[[VideoGame/MedalOfHonor Medal of Honor: Warfighter]]'', where they are one of the playable Tier One assets in multiplayer.

to:

* A dedicated counter-terrorism unit attached to the Federal Security Service Service, or FSB. Although they are mostly used in internal incidents, members of the Alpha Group have been seen in Chechnya and other countries where Russia has national interests. They received one of their few prominent depictions in western media with the release of ''[[VideoGame/MedalOfHonor Medal of Honor: Warfighter]]'', where they are one of the playable Tier One assets in multiplayer.



* Vympel - "Pennant" - have undergone many changes over the years, especially since the fall of the USSR. They were originally conceived of as an elite unit of foreign intelligence operatives, comparable to the Action Division or CIA SOG. In TheEighties, Vympel had a reputation as the most secretive and highly trained of Russia's spetsnaz, and they quicky surpassed their GRU and MVD counterparts after their founding in 1981. However, after they refused Boris Yeltsin's orders to attack the Russian White House during the 1993 political crisis, they fell under the aegis of the MVD - but the Russian Internal Troops had no use for a unit designed, by definition, for external operations and the Vympel had no intention of working as what they considered glorified policemen. Most men resigned. The shell that remained were eventually incorporated into the FSB as nuclear safety troops and counter terrorism, and part their function is to test the security of Russian sensitive facilities by breaking in to them. They also had a moment of prominence in Western media during the Beslan school siege. Vympel is also known to have been present at the storming of the Supreme Soviet during the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and it captured Chechen insurgent leader Salman Raduyev in 2000.

!!Служба Внешней Разведки (CBP) - Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR)

to:

* Vympel - "Pennant" - have Vympel--"Pennant"--have undergone many changes over the years, especially since the fall of the USSR. They were originally conceived of as an elite unit of foreign intelligence operatives, comparable to the Action Division or CIA SOG. In TheEighties, Vympel had a reputation as the most secretive and highly trained of Russia's spetsnaz, and they quicky quickly surpassed their GRU and MVD counterparts after their founding in 1981. However, after they refused Boris Yeltsin's orders to attack the Russian White House during the 1993 political crisis, they fell under the aegis of the MVD - but MVD--but the Russian Internal Troops had no use for a unit designed, by definition, for external operations and the Vympel had no intention of working as what they considered glorified policemen. Most men resigned. The shell that remained were eventually incorporated into the FSB as nuclear safety troops and counter terrorism, and part their function is to test the security of Russian sensitive facilities by breaking in to them. They also had a moment of prominence in Western media during the Beslan school siege. Vympel is also known to have been present at the storming of the Supreme Soviet during the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and it captured Chechen insurgent leader Salman Raduyev in 2000.

!!Служба Внешней Разведки (CBP) - Foreign (CBP)--Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR)



!!Внутренние войска Министерства внутренних дел - Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

The Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) Internal Troops has a number of elite units dedicated to preventing insurgencies and mutinies within Russia. These are known as "special purpose detachments" and are in essence equivalent to SWAT teams, though likely with greater regional training to allow them to operate in the varied theatres of Russia, which is after all the world's largest nation.

to:

!!Внутренние войска Министерства внутренних дел - Internal дел--Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

The Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) Internal Troops has a number of elite units dedicated to preventing insurgencies and mutinies within Russia. These are known as "special purpose detachments" and are in essence equivalent to SWAT teams, though likely with greater regional training to allow them to operate in the varied theatres theaters of Russia, which is after all the world's largest nation.



[[folder: Canada]]

to:

[[folder: Canada]]
[[folder:Canada]]



[[folder: Polska]]

!!Wojska Specjalne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej - Special Forces of the Polish Republic

to:

[[folder: Polska]]

[[folder:Polska]]
!!Wojska Specjalne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej - Special Polskiej--Special Forces of the Polish Republic



!!Dowództwo Wojsk Specjalnych - Special Forces Command

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa Grupa Reagowania Operacyjno-Manewrowego (GROM) - Military Unit Operational Maneuver Response Group

to:

!!Dowództwo Wojsk Specjalnych - Special Specjalnych--Special Forces Command

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa Grupa Reagowania Operacyjno-Manewrowego (GROM) - Military (GROM)--Military Unit Operational Maneuver Response Group



* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów - Military Unit Commandos

to:

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa Komandosów - Military Komandosów--Military Unit Commandos



* The JW Komandosów is Poland's most proficient force dedicated to military special operations. They were first constituted from the Polish Army in 1961, and have since evolved into the Polish military's premier fighting unit, although their traditions step from the Polish resisters who fought the Wehrmacht and RSHA in their own country during World War Two. Their role is similar to the US Army Special Forces - an elite unit of men who perform sensitive and high-risk missions in denied areas. They have been deployed abroad to assist in Foreign Internal Defence operatations, and have served in Yugoslavia, Iraq, Cambodia, Syria, Maecedonia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa "Formoza" - Military Unit "Formosa"

to:

* The JW Komandosów is Poland's most proficient force dedicated to military special operations. They were first constituted from the Polish Army in 1961, and have since evolved into the Polish military's premier fighting unit, although their traditions step from the Polish resisters who fought the Wehrmacht and RSHA in their own country during World War Two. Their role is similar to the US Army Special Forces - an Forces--an elite unit of men who perform sensitive and sensitive, high-risk missions in denied areas. They have been deployed abroad to assist in Foreign Internal Defence operatations, Defense operations, and have served in Yugoslavia, Iraq, Cambodia, Syria, Maecedonia, Macedonia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa "Formoza" - Military "Formoza"--Military Unit "Formosa"



* Formosa is the Polish military's elite combat diver unit. Although used primarily in the role of underwater demolitions and infiltration, they are also capable of counter-terrorism and have been deployed to Afghanistan. Their party piece is sinking enemy ships in harbors - a small group of men can block a whole harbor, and they can even be used to destroy enemy ships at sea. They also have perhaps the coolest headquarters of any of the units featured here, an ex-WWII torpedo platform in Gdynia harbor, connected to the mainland by a single long bridge. An ideal ZombieApocalypse hideout if ever there was one.

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa "AGAT" - Miltary Unit "Anti-Gestapo"

to:

* Formosa is the Polish military's elite combat diver unit. Although used primarily in the role of underwater demolitions and infiltration, they are also capable of counter-terrorism and have been deployed to Afghanistan. Their party piece is sinking enemy ships in harbors - a harbors--a small group of men can block a whole harbor, and they can even be used to destroy enemy ships at sea. They also have perhaps the coolest headquarters of any of the units featured here, an ex-WWII torpedo platform in Gdynia harbor, connected to the mainland by a single long bridge. An ideal ZombieApocalypse hideout if ever there was one.

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa "AGAT" - Miltary "AGAT"--Miltary Unit "Anti-Gestapo"



* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa Nil - Military Unit "Nil"

to:

* '''Name''': Jednostka Wojskowa Nil - Military Nil--Military Unit "Nil"



[[folder: Australia]]

to:

[[folder: Australia]]
[[folder:Australia]]



[[folder: New Zealand]]

to:

[[folder: New Zealand]]
[[folder:New Zealand]]



* '''Role''': Direct Action, Special Reconaissance, Unconventional Warfare, Foreign Internal Defence

to:

* '''Role''': Direct Action, Special Reconaissance, Reconnaissance, Unconventional Warfare, Foreign Internal DefenceDefense



[[folder: Türkiye]]

!!Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı - Gendarmes General Command

to:

[[folder: Türkiye]]

[[folder:Türkiye]]
!!Jandarma Genel Komutanlığı - Gendarmes Komutanlığı--Gendarmes General Command



!!Türk Kara Kuvvetleri - Turkish Land Forces

to:

!!Türk Kara Kuvvetleri - Turkish Kuvvetleri--Turkish Land Forces



* '''Nickname''': Bordo Bereliler - Maroon Berets

to:

* '''Nickname''': Bordo Bereliler - Maroon Bereliler--Maroon Berets



* The Maroon Berets are Turkey's primary special forces unit and at the forefront of Turkish military operations. Their activities are highly classified, though they came to public prominence when they captured Kurdish resistance leader Abdullah Öcalan in Kenya in 1999. They are one of the widest qualified special operations forces - their 3 phases of training last a total of three and a half years, with the final test being the "trust shot": the aspiring operator stands between two paper targets which are shot by qualified Maroon Berets. They are the only SF unit to (officially) perform it.

!!Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri - Turkish Navy

* '''Name''': Su Altı Taarruz - Underwater Offence

to:

* The Maroon Berets are Turkey's primary special forces unit and at the forefront of Turkish military operations. Their activities are highly classified, though they came to public prominence when they captured Kurdish resistance leader Abdullah Öcalan in Kenya in 1999. They are one of the widest qualified special operations forces - their forces--their 3 phases of training last a total of three and a half years, with the final test being the "trust shot": the aspiring operator stands between two paper targets which are shot by qualified Maroon Berets. They are the only SF unit to (officially) perform it.

!!Türk Deniz Kuvvetleri - Turkish Kuvvetleri--Turkish Navy

* '''Name''': Su Altı Taarruz - Underwater Taarruz--Underwater Offence



* '''Name''': Su Altı Savunma - Underwater Defence

to:

* '''Name''': Su Altı Savunma - Underwater Savunma--Underwater Defence



* SAS are tasked with guarding Turkey's coastline - a more significant duty than one might think, given Turkey's shares a maritime border with their historical enemies Greece and Russia, as well as, during the Cold War, controlling the Soviet Navy's gateway to the Mediterranean. Mainly, their duties involve guarding high-ranking naval officers, mine-clearing. They have also been involved in naval search and rescue, including submarine rescue. They took part in the invasion of Cyprus in 1973.

to:

* SAS are tasked with guarding Turkey's coastline - a coastline--a more significant duty than one might think, given Turkey's shares a maritime border with their historical enemies Greece and Russia, as well as, during the Cold War, controlling the Soviet Navy's gateway to the Mediterranean. Mainly, their duties involve guarding high-ranking naval officers, mine-clearing. They have also been involved in naval search and rescue, including submarine rescue. They took part in the invasion of Cyprus in 1973.



[[folder: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎]]

to:

[[folder: מְדִינַת [[folder:מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎]]



* '''Nickname''': The Unit, Two-Six, Matkalists, General Staff Reconaissance Unit (the literal translation)

to:

* '''Nickname''': The Unit, Two-Six, Matkalists, General Staff Reconaissance Reconnaissance Unit (the literal translation)



* '''Motto''': "Who Dares Wins", informally, "Whatever doesn't go with strength, goes with brains"

to:

* '''Motto''': "Who Dares Wins", Wins"; informally, "Whatever doesn't go with strength, goes with brains"






[[folder: Pilipinas]]

to:

[[folder: Pilipinas]]
[[folder:Pilipinas]]






[[folder: ایران‎]]

to:

[[folder: ایران‎]]
[[folder:ایران‎]]






[[folder: España]]

!!Mando de Operaciones Especiales - Special Operatios Command

to:

[[folder: España]]

[[folder:España]]
!!Mando de Operaciones Especiales - Special Operatios Especiales--Special Operations Command



* '''Role''': Direct Action, Special Reconaissance, Unconventional Warfare

to:

* '''Role''': Direct Action, Special Reconaissance, Reconnaissance, Unconventional Warfare






* Munich Massacre (1972) - During the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, the Palestinian militant group Black September entered the Olympic Village and took 11 Israeli athletes and coaches hostage, eventually killing them. German police tried to intervene but they were crippled by a lack of good intelligence and snipers who could have neutralized the hostage takers; the men selected had neither the equipment (proper weapons, radio contact with command or each other) nor the training. The absolute failure of the German police to stop the well-trained Black September members illustrated just how difficult counterterrorism work can be and convinced many countries of the need to form units dedicated to it, including Germany, which stood up GSG-9 with assistance from the British SAS.

* Operation Fire Magic (1977) - Five years after Munich, Germany had the opportunity to put its new GSG-9 to the test. Four Palestinian terrorists hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181, with their demands being the release of their RAF (Red Army Faction) comrades being held in German prison. After a harrowing flight, which included the death of the pilot Jürgen Schumann, the plane finally landed in Mogadishu, Somalia. Despite reservations from the local authorities, the Germans were allowed to proceed and assume responsibility for the operation should things have gone poorly. The first part of the operation involved the German government claiming they were going to agree to the hijackers' demands. GSG-9 approached from the blind sides of the plane and entered at the emergency exits on the wings. Two of the terrorists were killed in the raid, with two wounded (one of whom died later from his injuries). None of the hostages were harmed, and only one GSG-9 operative was wounded. The spectacular success lead to Chancellor Helmut Schmidt declaring that Germany would never again negotiate with terrorists.

* Operation Nimrod (1980) - A group of Arab Iranian nationalists took over the Iranian embassy in London and demanded independence for a region of Iran with a significant Arab population. The British government deployed the SAS after 6 days of negotiations. With two teams, they breached the building and successfully rescued the hostages with BBC employee Sim Harris' escape across the Embassy's first floor balcony being captured on live TV and subsequently becoming an iconic image, not just in special operations, but throughout the world. Hundreds of men have tried to pass themselves off as the "man on the balcony", who breached a window on the front of the embassy, later identified as Lance Corporal John [=McAleese=] MM (deceased August 26th 2011) from SAS-Blue Team, possibly together with Sergeant Eddie Stone. The incident cemented the SAS' reputation throughout the world, vindicated them in a time of budget cuts, and dramatically increased the number of applications to the Regiment.

* Operation Eagle Claw (1980) - At the height of the Iranian Hostage Crisis, President Jimmy Carter authorized a mission by the previously-untested Delta Force to enter Iran in secret and rescue the 52 hostages trapped in the American Embassy in Tehran. The compound was studied extensively and meticulous intelligence was gathered on every conceivable detail. The plan was for the various forces involved to arrive separately at an abandoned airstrip codenamed Desert 1; the helicopters being used to ferry the assault force from Desert 1 to Tehran would fly in on their own, then refuel from planes that had already arrived carrying Delta and a small group of Rangers and interpreters who would provide support. The mission ended in disaster when three of the eight helicopters ran into mechanical problems (commanders had previously agreed that they couldn't go forward with less than six) and one crashed into one of the planes carrying fuel, causing it to explode and kill several Airmen and Marines. In the rush to evacuate, several helicopters as well as mission plans were left behind, causing much embarrassment for America and prompting a massive reorganization of the US military's special operations command structure.

* Battle of Mogadishu (1993) - Task Force Ranger, a combined force of Delta operators, Rangers from the 3rd Ranger Battalion, Air Force combat controllers and pararescuemen, and a few [=SEALs=], hit a house where two of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's top lieutenants had been meeting. The raid went as planned and the people inside were rounded up for transport but in the ensuing counterattack, Somali militiamen managed to [[Film/BlackHawkDown shoot down two of the US helicopters]]. The ensuing battle became an all-out fight to secure the crash sites and rescue the pilots involving Pakistani and Malaysian forces seconded to the UN relief effort. Even though the mission was successful, popular perception was that America got its ass kicked and the US government became significantly more risk-averse in the aftermath. Incidentally, a certain [[OsamaBinLaden major terrorist leader]] took notice of what he perceived to be the softness of American soldiers as a result of events in Mogadishu.

* Operation Enduring Freedom (2001-) - American involvement in Afghanistan has been a major boon for special operations units, giving them a rare chance to put the full extent of their craft into practice. This was largely driven by the desire of the US military to avoid massive troop deployments on the basis that the Soviets had tried the same thing back in 1979 and failed. As a result, Afghanistan was initially considered a "special operations" war.
** The Initial Invasion - Green Berets and paramilitary agents from the Special Activities Division slipped through the northern border to link up with a variety of warlords who hated the Taliban, bringing with them training, experience, and Special Operations Forces Laser Acquisition Marker (SOFLAM), a neat piece of kit that provided targeting data for the full might of the US Air Force. With it, they are able to do what the Soviets could not accomplish with 115,000 soldiers.
** Operation Anaconda - After the initial invasion, large concentrations of al-Qaeda and Taliban forces retreated to the Shah-i-kot Valley, an incredibly strong defensive position in the southeast. The US deployed substantial forces to wipe them out but due to bad intelligence, they severely underestimated the number of enemies in the valley and their positions. Without the presence of special operations units in various roles, including snipers and forward air controllers with [=SOFLAMs=], the mission may have ended differently. Crucial to the effort were small teams of Delta operators that had spent a lot of time training for the Shah-i-Kot, with their own attached intelligence and other support personnel (the types who usually stay far away from the fighting), making them deadly, highly mobile, and able to process information as they got it. The concept was called Advanced Force Operations (AFO). The fighting on Takur Ghar, a mountain with a commanding view of the valley, was the inspiration for the 2010 ''VideoGame/MedalOfHonor'' game.
** Operation Red Wings - The subject of ''Literature/LoneSurvivor'' where a small SEAL recon team was compromised in their observation post and beat a hasty retreat, but were cut off by the hostile militia forces they had been sent to scout out. All of them were killed save Marcus Luttrell, who was taken in by friendly Pashtuns and eventually rescued by US forces.

* Haditha Dam (2003) - In the early days of the invasion of Iraq, the 75th Ranger Regiment was deployed to secure a hydroelectric dam near the town of Haditha on the Euphrates River. Commanders feared that the Iraqi Army might be planning to blow up the dam, which would cause flooding across much of southern Iraq, create a humanitarian crisis, cut off power to large areas, and make life difficult for units in the area. The Rangers secured the dam with little resistance but were hit by a massive Iraqi counterattack involving tanks and artillery. With the help of air support provided by Combat Controllers, they held the dam for a week and repelled the attack without suffering any losses.

* Operation Red Dawn (2003) - Task Force 121, a combined task force of special operations units from the US, UK, Canada, Australia, Poland, and numerous other Coalition countries, finds and captures Saddam Hussein after many sleepless nights of intelligence work. Credit is officially given to the conventional forces that participated in the raid but 121's involvement is later uncovered.

* Operation Neptune's Spear (2011) - Specially modified Blackhawk helicopters flown by the 160th SOAR penetrated Pakistani airspace in the early hours of the morning carrying [=SEALs=] from DEVGRU. The [=SEALs=] assaulted a compound in the suburb of Abbottabad and killed Osama bin Laden, the man that America had hunted for 10 years. Although one of the helicopters crashed due to mechanical trouble, the [=SEALs=] escaped with bin Laden's body. The world erupts in a firestorm of SEAL publicity that is undoubtedly good for Naval Special Warfare's recruitment but complicates things for the normally secretive counterterrorist SEAL team. Chinese officials are reportedly seen inspecting the wreckage of the crashed Blackhawk.

to:

* Munich Massacre (1972) - During (1972)--During the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany, the Palestinian militant group Black September entered the Olympic Village and took 11 Israeli athletes and coaches hostage, eventually killing them. German police tried to intervene but they were crippled by a lack of good intelligence and snipers who could have neutralized the hostage takers; the men selected had neither the equipment (proper weapons, radio contact with command or each other) nor the training. The absolute failure of the German police to stop the well-trained Black September members illustrated just how difficult counterterrorism work can be and convinced many countries of the need to form units dedicated to it, including Germany, which stood up GSG-9 with assistance from the British SAS.

* Operation Fire Magic (1977) - Five (1977)--Five years after Munich, Germany had the opportunity to put its new GSG-9 to the test. Four Palestinian terrorists hijacked Lufthansa Flight 181, with their demands being the release of their RAF (Red Army Faction) comrades being held in German prison. After a harrowing flight, which included the death of the pilot Jürgen Schumann, the plane finally landed in Mogadishu, Somalia. Despite reservations from the local authorities, the Germans were allowed to proceed and assume responsibility for the operation should things have gone poorly. The first part of the operation involved the German government claiming they were going to agree to the hijackers' demands. GSG-9 approached from the blind sides of the plane and entered at the emergency exits on the wings. Two of the terrorists were killed in the raid, with two wounded (one of whom died later from his injuries). None of the hostages were harmed, and only one GSG-9 operative was wounded. The spectacular success lead to Chancellor Helmut Schmidt declaring that Germany would never again negotiate with terrorists.

* Operation Nimrod (1980) - A (1980)--A group of Arab Iranian nationalists took over the Iranian embassy in London and demanded independence for a region of Iran with a significant Arab population. The British government deployed the SAS after 6 days of negotiations. With two teams, they breached the building and successfully rescued the hostages with BBC employee Sim Harris' escape across the Embassy's first floor balcony being captured on live TV and subsequently becoming an iconic image, not just in special operations, but throughout the world. Hundreds of men have tried to pass themselves off as the "man on the balcony", who breached a window on the front of the embassy, later identified as Lance Corporal John [=McAleese=] MM (deceased August 26th 2011) from SAS-Blue Team, possibly together with Sergeant Eddie Stone. The incident cemented the SAS' reputation throughout the world, vindicated them in a time of budget cuts, and dramatically increased the number of applications to the Regiment.

* Operation Eagle Claw (1980) - At (1980)--At the height of the Iranian Hostage Crisis, President Jimmy Carter authorized a mission by the previously-untested Delta Force to enter Iran in secret and rescue the 52 hostages trapped in the American Embassy in Tehran. The compound was studied extensively and meticulous intelligence was gathered on every conceivable detail. The plan was for the various forces involved to arrive separately at an abandoned airstrip codenamed Desert 1; the helicopters being used to ferry the assault force from Desert 1 to Tehran would fly in on their own, then refuel from planes that had already arrived carrying Delta and a small group of Rangers and interpreters who would provide support. The mission ended in disaster when three of the eight helicopters ran into mechanical problems (commanders had previously agreed that they couldn't go forward with less than six) and one crashed into one of the planes carrying fuel, causing it to explode and kill several Airmen and Marines. In the rush to evacuate, several helicopters as well as mission plans were left behind, causing much embarrassment for America and prompting a massive reorganization of the US military's special operations command structure.

* Battle of Mogadishu (1993) - Task (1993)--Task Force Ranger, a combined force of Delta operators, Rangers from the 3rd Ranger Battalion, Air Force combat controllers and pararescuemen, and a few [=SEALs=], hit a house where two of warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid's top lieutenants had been meeting. The raid went as planned and the people inside were rounded up for transport but in the ensuing counterattack, Somali militiamen managed to [[Film/BlackHawkDown shoot down two of the US helicopters]]. The ensuing battle became an all-out fight to secure the crash sites and rescue the pilots involving Pakistani and Malaysian forces seconded to the UN relief effort. Even though the mission was successful, popular perception was that America got its ass kicked and the US government became significantly more risk-averse in the aftermath. Incidentally, a certain [[OsamaBinLaden [[UsefulNotes/OsamaBinLaden major terrorist leader]] took notice of what he perceived to be the softness of American soldiers as a result of events in Mogadishu.

* Operation Enduring Freedom (2001-) - American (2001-)--American involvement in Afghanistan has been a major boon for special operations units, giving them a rare chance to put the full extent of their craft into practice. This was largely driven by the desire of the US military to avoid massive troop deployments on the basis that the Soviets had tried the same thing back in 1979 and failed. As a result, Afghanistan was initially considered a "special operations" war.
** The Initial Invasion - Green Invasion--Green Berets and paramilitary agents from the Special Activities Division slipped through the northern border to link up with a variety of warlords who hated the Taliban, bringing with them training, experience, and Special Operations Forces Laser Acquisition Marker (SOFLAM), a neat piece of kit that provided targeting data for the full might of the US Air Force. With it, they are able to do what the Soviets could not accomplish with 115,000 soldiers.
** Operation Anaconda - After Anaconda--After the initial invasion, large concentrations of al-Qaeda and Taliban forces retreated to the Shah-i-kot Valley, an incredibly strong defensive position in the southeast. The US deployed substantial forces to wipe them out but due to bad intelligence, they severely underestimated the number of enemies in the valley and their positions. Without the presence of special operations units in various roles, including snipers and forward air controllers with [=SOFLAMs=], the mission may have ended differently. Crucial to the effort were small teams of Delta operators that had spent a lot of time training for the Shah-i-Kot, with their own attached intelligence and other support personnel (the types who usually stay far away from the fighting), making them deadly, highly mobile, and able to process information as they got it. The concept was called Advanced Force Operations (AFO). The fighting on Takur Ghar, a mountain with a commanding view of the valley, was the inspiration for the 2010 ''VideoGame/MedalOfHonor'' game.
** Operation Red Wings - The Wings--The subject of ''Literature/LoneSurvivor'' where a small SEAL recon team was compromised in their observation post and beat a hasty retreat, but were cut off by the hostile militia forces they had been sent to scout out. All of them were killed save Marcus Luttrell, who was taken in by friendly Pashtuns and eventually rescued by US forces.

* Haditha Dam (2003) - In (2003)--In the early days of the invasion of Iraq, the 75th Ranger Regiment was deployed to secure a hydroelectric dam near the town of Haditha on the Euphrates River. Commanders feared that the Iraqi Army might be planning to blow up the dam, which would cause flooding across much of southern Iraq, create a humanitarian crisis, cut off power to large areas, and make life difficult for units in the area. The Rangers secured the dam with little resistance but were hit by a massive Iraqi counterattack involving tanks and artillery. With the help of air support provided by Combat Controllers, they held the dam for a week and repelled the attack without suffering any losses.

* Operation Red Dawn (2003) - Task (2003)--Task Force 121, a combined task force of special operations units from the US, UK, Canada, Australia, Poland, and numerous other Coalition countries, finds and captures Saddam Hussein after many sleepless nights of intelligence work. Credit is officially given to the conventional forces that participated in the raid but 121's involvement is later uncovered.

* Operation Neptune's Spear (2011) - Specially modified (2011)--Specially-modified Blackhawk helicopters flown by the 160th SOAR penetrated Pakistani airspace in the early hours of the morning carrying [=SEALs=] from DEVGRU. The [=SEALs=] assaulted a compound in the suburb of Abbottabad and killed Osama bin Laden, the man that America had hunted for 10 years. Although one of the helicopters crashed due to mechanical trouble, the [=SEALs=] escaped with bin Laden's body. The world erupts in a firestorm of SEAL publicity that is undoubtedly good for Naval Special Warfare's recruitment but complicates things for the normally secretive counterterrorist SEAL team. Chinese officials are reportedly seen inspecting the wreckage of the crashed Blackhawk.
20th Apr '15 5:02:48 PM nombretomado
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* A regular airborne brigade of the German Army attached to the DSO, the 26 (Saarland) is part of Germany's "intervention force" - the part of the German Army that is to deploy anywhere in the world. It functions in combat as a regular, though very high-quality, air assault and paratroops brigade. It was formed in 1958 and has seen action in Kosovo and Afghanistan, not to mention [[ColdWar the years of staring across the North German Plain at the 3rd Shock Army and their mates.]]

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* A regular airborne brigade of the German Army attached to the DSO, the 26 (Saarland) is part of Germany's "intervention force" - the part of the German Army that is to deploy anywhere in the world. It functions in combat as a regular, though very high-quality, air assault and paratroops brigade. It was formed in 1958 and has seen action in Kosovo and Afghanistan, not to mention [[ColdWar [[UsefulNotes/ColdWar the years of staring across the North German Plain at the 3rd Shock Army and their mates.]]
6th Mar '15 9:34:14 AM Cieloazul
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Added DiffLines:

[[folder: España]]

!!Mando de Operaciones Especiales - Special Operatios Command

* '''Name''': Mando de Operaciones Especiales
* '''Nickname''': MOE
* '''Role''': Several
* '''Motto''': Unknown
* '''Headquarters''': Various
* Spanish answer to JSOC.

* '''Name''': Grupos de Operaciones Especiales (Special Operations Group)
* '''Nickname''': GOE, Boinas Verdes (Green Berets), Los Guerrilleros (The Guerrillas)
* '''Role''': Direct Action, Special Reconaissance, Unconventional Warfare
* '''Motto''': Unknown; several according to sources
* '''Headquarters''': Rabasa, Alicante
* Spain's most prestigious special operations force, in line with United States's SEAL and Delta Force and United Kingdom's SAS. Due to the rather small number of straight military special operations unit in Spanish army (compared with other countries, that is) they end having to occupy several niches. Very much like SEAL Team Six, they have somewhat of a reputation of unusual thinking guys and a friction with the rest of units.

[[/folder]]
8th Feb '15 9:13:18 AM Morgenthaler
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* SWCC Teams operate the US Navy's smallest watercraft in support of special operations. They have their roots in the PT Boat squadrons of WorldWarTwo and later in the riverine squadrons of the VietnamWar. SWCC Teams infiltrate enemy-held coastline and either deploy or extract [=SEALs=] or destroy enemy targets. The small boats operated by the SWCC teams are some of the fastest in the US Navy and, pound-for-pound, some of the most heavily armed. Due to their relatively low profile (despite some heroic engagements with FARC guerillas in Columbia, including one epic 3-day battle in 1996) and secrecy, they are sometimes referred to as "the US Navy's best kept secret". There again, they have recently seen some recognition, such as [[OneSceneWonder a scene-stealing]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uxm7uk7I07w role]] in ''ActOfValor''. One of their coolest capabilities is the ability to deploy their boats and themselves via HALO jump, as well as a party-trick (but a damn useful one - one assumes) of being able to fast rope from a helicopter into an underslung boat in flight

to:

* SWCC Teams operate the US Navy's smallest watercraft in support of special operations. They have their roots in the PT Boat squadrons of WorldWarTwo and later in the riverine squadrons of the VietnamWar. SWCC Teams infiltrate enemy-held coastline and either deploy or extract [=SEALs=] or destroy enemy targets. The small boats operated by the SWCC teams are some of the fastest in the US Navy and, pound-for-pound, some of the most heavily armed. Due to their relatively low profile (despite some heroic engagements with FARC guerillas in Columbia, including one epic 3-day battle in 1996) and secrecy, they are sometimes referred to as "the US Navy's best kept secret". There again, they have recently seen some recognition, such as [[OneSceneWonder a scene-stealing]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uxm7uk7I07w role]] in ''ActOfValor''.''Film/ActOfValor''. One of their coolest capabilities is the ability to deploy their boats and themselves via HALO jump, as well as a party-trick (but a damn useful one - one assumes) of being able to fast rope from a helicopter into an underslung boat in flight
15th Jan '15 6:43:44 AM MarqFJA
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* They exist. This much we know. However, their role, purpose, strength, funding, etc is all unknown. However, ''someone'' has to be introducing all these exiled Russian dissidents to their untimely appointments with the Grim Reaper, and odds on its these guys (even though [[MoscowCenter the Office itself]] vehemently denies its involvement and points that the Foreign Diversions department was disbanded ''back in 50es''). They are believed to have around 300 men, possibly (at least initially) the men who resigned from Vympel when it came under MVD control.

to:

* They exist. This much we know. However, their role, purpose, strength, funding, etc is all unknown. However, ''someone'' has to be introducing all these exiled Russian dissidents to their untimely appointments with the Grim Reaper, and odds on its these guys (even though [[MoscowCenter the Office itself]] vehemently denies its involvement and points that the Foreign Diversions department was disbanded ''back in 50es'').the '50s''). They are believed to have around 300 men, possibly (at least initially) the men who resigned from Vympel when it came under MVD control.
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