History UsefulNotes / TheMafia

21st May '17 7:54:25 PM Njein
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* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, Bushwick, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), southern Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue), Queens (notably Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family, it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), the Bonanno family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite repeatedly denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe he]] harbored even bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal turf war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher, attempted to seize control but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] But the Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and the on-and-off infighting that's been going since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had any of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this all came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NotWhatISignedUpFor Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship slowly becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death penalty in 2004 after one of the murders was traced back to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn informer]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleagues and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2013.

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* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, (Williamsburg, Bushwick, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), southern Brooklyn (notably Bay (Bay Ridge, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue), Queens (notably Ridgewood, (Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family, it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), the Bonanno family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite repeatedly denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe he]] harbored even bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal turf war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher, attempted to seize control but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] But the Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and the on-and-off infighting that's been going since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had any of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this all came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NotWhatISignedUpFor Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship slowly becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death penalty in 2004 after one of the murders was traced back to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn informer]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleagues and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2013.



* '''Colombo crime family''' - Big presence in western Brooklyn (notably Red Hook, Brooklyn Heights, Cobble Hill, Park Slope, Gowanus and Carroll Gardens) and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, Queens, Long Island and Florida; also has a crew based in Los Angeles (the family used to have a faction in New Jersey, but that has been disbanded since the 1990s). Currently the weakest of the Five Families thanks to numerous informants (current membership is around 110-130 made men), ineffectual and/or publicity-hungry bosses and internal wars since the 1960s (this family used to be much stronger thanks to its ties with the Bonannos). Originally a small and fairly-well organized gang of Sicilian mafiosi hailing from the town of Villabate (not far from Palermo, Sicily), the crime family was originally known as the Profaci crime family after the first boss, Joseph Profaci, who established good ties with Joe Bonanno, the boss of the Bonanno crime family at the time. [[BadBoss But, he was known to be miserly]] [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem and notoriously greedy (he even demanded a $25 monthly tribute to be kicked up to him), and his tightfisted attitude]] led to the [[MobWar first family war]] in the late 1950s. It was ignited by Joe Gallo, a renegade capo who wanted a greater share of the loot Profaci kept for himself; at first, it seemed that Gallo would win this battle, but soon, most of the family's 150+ wiseguys chose to side with Profaci. [[TheStarscream Carmine Persico]], a Gallo loyalist, later switched sides and rejoined the Profaci faction when he realized Gallo was the wrong horse to bet upon; he was nicknamed [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder the "Snake" as a result of his treachery towards the Gallo crew]] (he tried to strangle Joe Gallo's younger brother Larry to death at a bar, but Larry survived thanks to a police officer timely intervention; Persico was forced to flee). Profaci died of cancer in 1962, but his underboss [[DragonAscendant Joe]] [[DragonInChief Magliocco]] continued the battle against the remaining Gallo crew. The war ended with Gallo's arrest in 1963, but [[DemotedToDragon Magliocco]] soon became embroiled in an audacious plot hatched by [[BigBadWannabe Joe Bonanno]] to eliminate several of their rivals and take over the Commission. However, their plans sputtered to an abrupt halt when [[MagnificentBastard Joe]] [[TheStarscream Colombo]], another capo in the Profaci family, [[TheStoolPigeon exposed their plot to the Commission.]] For his reward, Colombo took over the family in 1963 after Magliocco was forced to retire (since the other bosses knew that Magliocco had several health issues and would die anytime soon, they let him go but ordered him to step down and pay a $50,000 fine; Bonanno was also ordered to come forward several times but was a no-show despite being asked to explain, and he fled to avoid being killed in 1964 by faking his own kidnapping); with Carlo Gambino's backing, he changed the family name from Profaci to Colombo. However, much to Gambino's dismay, Colombo was too publicity-friendly, as he claimed the FBI was falsely targeting Italian-Americans (he even formed a political group to decry the FBI's actions, and allied with Meir Kahane and the Jewish Defense League). Colombo was later gunned down and put in a coma (that he never recovered from and died as a result of it in 1978) in 1971 during a rally at Columbus Circle. This led to another internal war, and the family blamed it on Joe Gallo (though it was speculated that Colombo's rivals, including Gambino, ordered it); he was later shot to death in 1972 while dining with his family (the remaining Gallo crew later joined the Genovese family). [[DragonAscendant Carmine Persico]] took over the family in 1972, but spent much of his reign while imprisoned (he used a series of acting bosses and ruling panels to run the family from prison). Persico and his acting boss, [[DragonInChief Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella]], were later indicted on the Mafia Commission Case in 1986, facing 100+ year life sentences; to ensure that he remains as the official boss, Persico even groomed his son [[MookLieutenant Alphonse]] to become the acting boss, but Allie Boy was convicted in a separate trial. Persico then nominates Victor Orena, his cousin and a capo to become the [[MookLieutenant street boss]], [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder but]] [[TheStarscream Orena harbored]] [[BigBadWannabe bigger]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda ambitions.]] The family would split again for a 3rd time in the early 1990s when Orena, who felt Persico was out of touch and was planning to do a TV interview (much like how Joe Bonanno did one in 1983 after writing a tell-all book about his life, and how the TV interview was used in the Mafia Commission Trial), tried to take over as boss. While Persico won the battle after [[WonTheWarLostThePeace 12 deaths (including three innocent bystanders), 18 associates missing and 12 of his members turning informer (and still runs the battered family from behind bars)]], the Colombos have been weakened because of numerous informants and more government crackdowns in the 2000s.

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* '''Colombo crime family''' - Big presence in western Brooklyn (notably Red Hook, Brooklyn Heights, Cobble Hill, Park Slope, Gowanus and Carroll Gardens) and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, Queens, Long Island and Florida; also has a crew based in Los Angeles (the family used to have a faction in New Jersey, but that has been disbanded since the 1990s). Currently the weakest of the Five Families thanks to numerous informants (current membership is around 110-130 made men), ineffectual and/or publicity-hungry bosses and internal wars since the 1960s (this family used to be much stronger thanks to its ties with the Bonannos). Originally a small and fairly-well organized gang of Sicilian mafiosi hailing from the town of Villabate (not far from Palermo, Sicily), the crime family was originally known as the Profaci crime family after the first boss, Joseph Profaci, who established good ties with Joe Bonanno, the boss of the Bonanno crime family at the time. [[BadBoss But, he was known to be miserly]] [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem and notoriously greedy (he even demanded a $25 monthly tribute to be kicked up to him), and his tightfisted attitude]] led to the [[MobWar first family war]] in the late 1950s. It was ignited by Joe Gallo, a renegade capo who wanted a greater share of the loot Profaci kept for himself; at first, it seemed that Gallo would win this battle, but soon, soon enough, most of the family's 150+ wiseguys chose to side with Profaci. [[TheStarscream Carmine Persico]], a Gallo loyalist, later switched sides and rejoined the Profaci faction when he realized Gallo was the wrong horse to bet upon; he was nicknamed [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder the "Snake" as a result of his treachery towards the Gallo crew]] (he upon. After switching sides, Persico tried to strangle Joe Gallo's younger brother Larry to death at a bar, but Larry survived thanks to a police officer timely intervention; passing policeman who witnessed the attack, forcing Persico and his men to flee, and as a result of this, Persico was forced to flee).nicknamed the "Snake" for [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder his act of treachery against the Gallo crew]]. Profaci died of cancer in 1962, but his underboss [[DragonAscendant Joe]] [[DragonInChief Magliocco]] continued the battle against the remaining Gallo crew. The war ended with Gallo's arrest in 1963, but [[DemotedToDragon Magliocco]] Magliocco soon became embroiled in an audacious plot hatched by [[BigBadWannabe Joe Bonanno]] to eliminate several of their rivals and take over the Commission. However, their plans sputtered to an abrupt halt when [[MagnificentBastard Joe]] [[TheStarscream Colombo]], another capo in the Profaci family, [[TheStoolPigeon exposed their plot to the Commission.]] For his reward, Colombo took over the family in 1963 after Magliocco was forced to retire (since the other bosses knew that Magliocco had several health issues and would die anytime soon, they let him go but ordered him to step down and pay a $50,000 fine; Bonanno was also ordered to come forward several times but was a no-show despite being asked to explain, and he fled to avoid being killed in 1964 by [[FakedKidnapping faking his own kidnapping); kidnapping]]); with Carlo Gambino's backing, he changed the family name from Profaci to Colombo. However, much to Gambino's dismay, Colombo was too publicity-friendly, as he claimed the FBI was falsely targeting Italian-Americans (he even formed a political group to decry the FBI's actions, and allied with Meir Kahane and the Jewish Defense League). Colombo was later gunned down and put in a coma (that he never recovered from and died as a result of it in 1978) in 1971 during a rally at Columbus Circle. This led to another internal war, and the family blamed it on Joe Gallo (though it was speculated that Colombo's rivals, including Gambino, ordered it); he was later shot to death in 1972 while dining with his family (the remaining Gallo crew later joined the Genovese family). [[DragonAscendant Carmine Persico]] took over the family in 1972, but spent much of his reign while imprisoned (he used a series of acting bosses and ruling panels to run the family from prison). Persico and his acting boss, [[DragonInChief Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella]], were later indicted on the Mafia Commission Case in 1986, facing 100+ year life sentences; to ensure that he remains as the official boss, Persico even groomed his son [[MookLieutenant Alphonse]] to become the acting boss, but Allie Boy was convicted in a separate trial. Persico then nominates Victor Orena, his cousin and a capo to become the [[MookLieutenant street boss]], [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder but]] [[TheStarscream Orena harbored]] [[BigBadWannabe bigger]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda ambitions.]] The family would split again for a 3rd time in the early 1990s when Orena, who felt Persico was out of touch and was planning to do a TV interview (much like how Joe Bonanno did one in 1983 after writing a tell-all book about his life, and how the TV interview was used in the Mafia Commission Trial), tried to take over as boss. While Persico won the battle after [[WonTheWarLostThePeace 12 deaths (including three innocent bystanders), 18 associates missing and 12 of his members turning informer (and still runs the battered family from behind bars)]], the Colombos have been weakened because of numerous informants and more government crackdowns in the 2000s.



* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Zips (imported Sicilian mafiosi), and the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- it was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt -- and began to target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's unofficial "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure as boss was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.

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* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay (Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard (Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey Jersey, California and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position simply because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a an unofficial "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Zips (imported Sicilian mafiosi), and from the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading initiating a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- it was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt -- and began to actively target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. faction. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, cancer in December 1985, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his henchmen and fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's unofficial "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure as boss was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, 1970s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.



* '''Genovese crime family''' - Large presence in Manhattan (notably Little Italy, 116th Street/East Harlem, Lower East Side, Greenwich Village and the Manhattan/New Jersey waterfronts), the Bronx (primarily in Morris Park, Pelham Bay and Arthur Avenue), Westchester, northern New Jersey and Connecticut, with smaller crews and factions in Queens, Brooklyn and Florida (the family also has a small crew in Springfield, Massachusetts). Regarded as the Ivy League of the Mafia, the family is still the strongest and biggest of the Five Families (the family size has historically varied from 250 to 470 made men; current membership is around 275-300 made men). The oldest of the New York families, it was known as the Morello crime family and eventually came under the control of Morello capo [[BadBoss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria]], who had a penchant for violence and was notoriously greedy. His heavy-handed attempts to strong arm and control the other Italian gangs, especially the Williamsburg-based Castellammarese gang, led to a bloody turf war in 1928; the Castellammarese War claimed at least 150+ lives and dragged on until Masseria was gunned down at a Coney Island restaurant in 1931. [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore]] [[EntitledBastard Maranzano]], now the nominal victor of this turf war, [[ItsAllAboutMe immediately wasted no time into reorganizing the Five Families (and by extension, the entire Mafia) under his control by declaring himself the boss of bosses;]] the [[YoungGun Young Turks]], led by an upstart gangster named [[MagnificentBastard Charles]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda "Lucky" Luciano]](the [[YoungGun Young Turks were a younger generation of Americanized mafiosi]], and were swayed by Maranzano into fighting for him), realized that Maranzano was much [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem greedier]] [[ItsAllAboutMe than they thought.]] So, they decided that the boss of all bosses had to go, and Luciano takes over in September of 1931 after Maranzano was eliminated. With the old guard out of the way, Luciano can now consolidate his own power. Luciano then revolutionized the American Mafia by forming a Mafia Commission (and becoming its 1st chairman) to settle disputes and encouraging the other bosses to work with each other instead of "hitting the mattresses". However, he faced an indictment from Thomas Dewey for running a prostitution ring in 1937 and was deported back to Italy in 1946, where he worked with the Sicilian mafia to establish an international drug trafficking empire. The family was taken over by Frank Costello, Luciano's consigliere and a key political fixer; he had huge gambling rackets in New York City and was craving to go legitimate. Howerver, he was facing a growing threat from [[DragonWithAnAgenda Vito Genovese]], who was Luciano's former underboss and was silently eliminating allies of Costello after returning to the United States in 1945 (notably Albert Anastasia and William "Willie Moore" Moretti). Genovese, with the sufficient backing of [[CoDragons Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese]], then ordered a hit on Costello in May of 1957; Costello manages to survive the hit (thanks to the gunman's unintentional warning, he managed to get away with only a scalp wound) and steps down to avoid further bloodshed. Later that year, Genovese ordered a hit on rival mob boss [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia]] and called for a meeting of major mob leaders to explain the power vacuum in New York that's been going on since the botched hit on Costello, and as well as to discuss the drug trade. But, [[CriminalConvention the Apalachin Meeting]] turned into a big fiasco as it exposed the Mafia to legal scrutiny for the first time, and the other bosses (notably [[TheStarscream Gambino and Lucchese,]] who switched sides and supported Costello, Luciano and Lansky) had him falsely implicated on a drug charge. Later, in 1963, a low-level soldier in his family named [[TheStoolPigeon Joe Valachi]] became the first made man to [[TheInformant flip and testify about the American Mafia's inner workings;]] Valachi feared Genovese ordered a hit on him, hence his reason to cooperate with federal authorities. Genovese continued to rule the family from prison (via ruling panels and acting bosses) until his death in 1969. Though the family was run by a series of "dummy" bosses after Genovese's death, Philip "Benny Squint" Lombardo (the family's street boss since 1962) was regarded as the ''[[TheChessmaster de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss and]] [[TheAllegedBoss had the final say in family matters, especially since 1969.]] Ill health forces Lombardo to step down and name [[DragonAscendant Vincent "Chin" Gigante]] (the alleged gunman behind the Costello hit) as his successor in 1981; [[TheAllegedBoss Gigante]] later names [[TheManBehindTheMan Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno as his "dummy" boss]]. Gigante further shielded himself from law enforcement scrutiny by [[ObfuscatingDisability feigning]] [[ObfuscatingInsanity insanity]] [[PlayingSick and]] [[ObfuscatingStupidity pretending to have a low IQ]]; this ruse worked until 1997, when he was imprisoned for multiple racketeering and murder charges. He ran the family from prison until his death in 2005, and since his death, it is implied the family now uses a ruling panel of capos to manage its daily affairs and to avoid FBI attention, with [[TheManBehindTheMan Liborio "Barney" Bellomo (a protege of Vincent Gigante and the head capo of the 116th Street crew)]] pretty much having [[TheAllegedBoss the final say on family matters]], in a matter that's reminiscent of Philip Lombardo in the 1970s.

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* '''Genovese crime family''' - Large presence in Manhattan (notably Little (Little Italy, 116th Street/East Harlem, Lower East Side, Greenwich Village and the Manhattan/New Jersey waterfronts), the Bronx (primarily in Morris (Morris Park, Pelham Bay and Arthur Avenue), Westchester, northern New Jersey and Connecticut, with smaller crews and factions in Queens, Brooklyn and Florida (the family also has a small crew in Springfield, Massachusetts). Regarded as the Ivy League of the Mafia, the family is still the strongest and biggest of the Five Families (the family size has historically varied from 250 to 470 made men; current membership is around 275-300 made men). The oldest of the New York families, it was known as the Morello crime family and eventually came under the control of Morello capo [[BadBoss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria]], who had a penchant for violence and was notoriously greedy. His heavy-handed attempts to strong arm and control the other Italian gangs, especially the Williamsburg-based Castellammarese gang, led to a bloody turf war in 1928; the Castellammarese War claimed at least 150+ lives and dragged on until Masseria was gunned down at a Coney Island restaurant in 1931. [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore]] [[EntitledBastard Maranzano]], now the nominal victor of this turf war, [[ItsAllAboutMe immediately wasted no time into reorganizing the Five Families (and by extension, the entire Mafia) under his control by declaring himself the boss of bosses;]] the [[YoungGun Young Turks]], led by an upstart gangster named [[MagnificentBastard Charles]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda "Lucky" Luciano]](the [[YoungGun Young Turks were a younger generation of Americanized mafiosi]], and were swayed by Maranzano into fighting for him), realized that Maranzano was much [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem greedier]] [[ItsAllAboutMe than they thought.]] So, they decided that the boss of all bosses had to go, and Luciano takes over in September of 1931 after Maranzano was eliminated. With the old guard out of the way, Luciano can now consolidate his own power. Luciano then revolutionized the American Mafia by forming a Mafia Commission (and becoming its 1st chairman) to settle disputes and encouraging the other bosses to work with each other instead of "hitting the mattresses". However, he faced an indictment from Thomas Dewey for running a prostitution ring in 1937 and was deported back to Italy in 1946, where he worked with the Sicilian mafia to establish an international drug trafficking empire. The family was taken over by Frank Costello, Luciano's consigliere and a key political fixer; he had huge gambling rackets in New York City and was craving to go legitimate. Howerver, he was facing faced a growing threat from [[DragonWithAnAgenda Vito Genovese]], who was Luciano's former underboss and was silently eliminating allies of Costello after returning to the United States in 1945 (notably Albert Anastasia and William "Willie Moore" Moretti). Genovese, with the sufficient backing of [[CoDragons Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese]], then ordered a hit on Costello in May of 1957; Costello manages to survive the hit (thanks to the gunman's unintentional warning, he managed to get away with only a scalp wound) and steps down to avoid further bloodshed. Later that year, Genovese ordered a hit on rival mob boss [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia]] and called for a meeting of major mob leaders to explain the [[EvilPowerVacuum power vacuum vacuum]] in New York that's been going on since the botched hit on Costello, and as well as to discuss the drug trade. But, [[CriminalConvention the Apalachin Meeting]] turned into a big fiasco as it exposed the Mafia to legal scrutiny for the first time, and the other bosses (notably [[TheStarscream Gambino and Lucchese,]] who switched sides and supported Costello, Luciano and Lansky) had him falsely implicated on a drug charge. Later, in 1963, a low-level soldier in his family named [[TheStoolPigeon Joe Valachi]] became the first made man to [[TheInformant flip and testify about the American Mafia's inner workings;]] Valachi feared Genovese ordered a hit on him, hence his reason to cooperate with federal authorities. Genovese continued to rule the family from prison (via ruling panels and acting bosses) until his death in 1969. Though the family was run by a series of "dummy" bosses after Genovese's death, Philip "Benny Squint" Lombardo (the family's street boss since 1962) was regarded as the ''[[TheChessmaster de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss and]] [[TheAllegedBoss had the final say in family matters, especially since 1969.]] Ill health forces Lombardo to step down and name [[DragonAscendant Vincent "Chin" Gigante]] (the alleged gunman behind the Costello hit) as his successor in 1981; [[TheAllegedBoss Gigante]] later names [[TheManBehindTheMan Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno as his "dummy" boss]]. Gigante further shielded himself from law enforcement scrutiny by [[ObfuscatingDisability feigning]] [[ObfuscatingInsanity insanity]] [[PlayingSick and]] [[ObfuscatingStupidity pretending to have a low IQ]]; this ruse worked until 1997, when he was imprisoned for multiple racketeering and murder charges. He ran the family from prison until his death in 2005, and since his death, it is implied the family now uses a ruling panel of capos to manage its daily affairs and to avoid FBI attention, with [[TheManBehindTheMan Liborio "Barney" Bellomo (a protege of Vincent Gigante and the head capo of the 116th Street crew)]] pretty much having [[TheAllegedBoss the final say on family matters]], in a matter that's reminiscent of Philip Lombardo in the 1970s.



* '''Lucchese crime family''' - Has a large presence in the Bronx (especially Morris Park, Arthur Avenue, Pelham Bay and Throggs Neck), East Harlem, Westchester, New England and northern New Jersey, with smaller crews and factions in lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, Queens and Florida. The family began as a splinter crew of the Morello family, taking over its rackets in the Bronx. It was something of the Franz Ferdinand of the Castellammarese War, as Masseria's attempt to violently replace the family's boss ended up throwing the rest of the family under the sway of Maranzano and starting open conflict between the two groups. Widely reckoned as the smallest (The family manpower has often hovered between 120 and 160 made men) and most peaceful family of the Five Families (until the 1980s), the family's first official boss was Tommy Gagliano, who preferred to keep a low profile. He expanded the family's grip on the Garment District and often used his underboss, [[DragonInChief Tommy Lucchese]] to do business with the other families. Gagliano died in 1951, but [[DragonAscendant names Lucchese as his successor]] before his death. Lucchese continued to maintain the family's grip on the Garment District, and soon controlled trucking rackets at the new Idlewild (now JFK) Airport; he also built close relations with Tammany Hall (the local Democratic Party political machine) and with politicians such as Carmine DeSapio, Robert F. Wagner and Vincent Impellitteri while jockeying with Frank Costello over the control of Tammany Hall. [[DragonInChief Lucchese]] also backed [[BigBadWannabe Vito Genovese]] and Carlo Gambino in their fights to take control of their respective families, but chose to build a closer relationship with [[VillainousFriendship Gambino]] after the Apalachin Meeting of 1957 (Gambino's son married his daughter in 1962, and in return, [[BigBadDuumvirate Lucchese gave Gambino access to rackets at JFK Airport]]). Lucchese later died of cancer in 1967, and was replaced by Carmine Tramunti, who had a good relationship with the other bosses; Tramunti later branched out in construction and narcotics trafficking. Tony "Ducks" Corallo took over as boss in 1973 after Tramunti was indicted and convicted for narcotics trafficking in the French Connection case. Under Corallo's reign, one of the most infamous robberies took place - the Lufthansa Heist. It occurred when several truck hijackers linked to Jimmy "the Gent" Burke and Paul Vario ran off with nearly $6 million in cash and jewelry. Corallo, facing life imprisonment following the Mafia Commission trial, named [[BadBoss Victor Amuso]] and [[DragonInChief Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso]] as the [[DragonAscendant new boss and underboss]], respectively, in 1987, but it proved to be a disaster, as [[BigBadDuumvirate Amuso and Casso]] were known to be [[AxCrazy violent hitmen and drug traffickers]] (the two of them came from the Brooklyn faction; their predecessors came from the Bronx-East Harlem faction). [[BadBoss Soon enough, they ordered anybody that was a purported informant to be marked for death]] (this, in fact, forced ''actual'' [[DefectorFromDecadence wiseguys in the family to flip]] because of the increasingly erratic behavior of Amuso and Casso); Amuso even ordered the [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem whacking of the entire New Jersey Crew,]] when they failed to show up for a meeting and [[BadBoss pay a hefty tribute]] (they actually demoted the Jersey crew's head capo, Anthony Accetturo, to the mere rank of a soldier and replaced him with an Amuso loyalist; Accetturo later [[TheInformant flipped]] when [[WouldHitAGirl Amuso ordered a hit on his wife,]] [[EvenEvilHasStandards despite the Mafia's longtime ban on harming women]]), but never went through with it because of massive indictments against many mafiosi at the time. Both Amuso and Casso were captured in 1993, but the latter decided to [[TheInformant flip]] [[TheStoolPigeon in 1994]], revealing that [[DirtyCop two NYPD officers]] named [[LawmanGoneBad Louis Eppolito and Steven Caracappa]] were on the Lucchese family's payroll for several years, working as [[KillerCop contract killers]] for the Mafia (Eppolito even had relatives who were in the mob, but could never become made because he was a cop). Both Eppolito and Caracappa were sentenced to life imprisonment, but Casso was thrown out of the Witness Program in 1998 for numerous infractions. Amuso still runs the battered Lucchese family to this day via the help of ruling panels and acting bosses, a trait shared with the other Mafia families in New York.

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* '''Lucchese crime family''' - Has a large presence in the Bronx (especially Morris Park, Arthur Avenue, Pelham Bay and Throggs Neck), East Harlem, Westchester, New England and northern New Jersey, with smaller crews and factions in lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, Queens and Florida. The family began as a splinter crew of the Morello family, taking over its rackets in the Bronx. It was something of the Franz Ferdinand of the Castellammarese War, as Masseria's attempt to violently replace the family's boss ended up throwing the rest of the family under the sway of Maranzano and starting open conflict between the two groups. Widely reckoned as the smallest (The family manpower has often hovered between 120 and 160 made men) and most peaceful family of the Five Families (until the 1980s), the family's first official boss was Tommy Gagliano, who preferred to keep a low profile. He expanded the family's grip on the Garment District and often used his underboss, [[DragonInChief Tommy Lucchese]] to do business with the other families. Gagliano died in 1951, but [[DragonAscendant names Lucchese as his successor]] before his death. Lucchese continued to maintain the family's grip on the Garment District, and soon controlled trucking rackets at the new Idlewild (now JFK) Airport; he also built close relations with Tammany Hall (the local Democratic Party political machine) and with politicians such as Carmine DeSapio, Robert F. Wagner and Vincent Impellitteri while jockeying with Frank Costello over the control of Tammany Hall. [[DragonInChief Lucchese]] also backed [[BigBadWannabe Vito Genovese]] and Carlo Gambino in their fights to take control of their respective families, but chose to build a closer relationship with [[VillainousFriendship Gambino]] after the Apalachin Meeting of 1957 (Gambino's son married his daughter in 1962, and in return, [[BigBadDuumvirate Lucchese gave Gambino access to rackets at JFK Airport]]). Lucchese later died of cancer in 1967, and was replaced by Carmine Tramunti, who had a good relationship with the other bosses; Tramunti later branched out in construction and narcotics trafficking. Tony "Ducks" Corallo took over as boss in 1973 after Tramunti was indicted and convicted for narcotics trafficking in the French Connection case. Under Corallo's reign, one of the most infamous robberies took place - the Lufthansa Heist. It occurred when several truck hijackers linked to Jimmy "the Gent" Burke and Paul Vario ran off with nearly $6 million in cash and jewelry. Corallo, facing life imprisonment following the Mafia Commission trial, named names [[BadBoss Victor Amuso]] and [[DragonInChief Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso]] as the [[DragonAscendant new boss and underboss]], respectively, in 1987, but it proved to be a disaster, as [[BigBadDuumvirate Amuso and Casso]] were known to be [[AxCrazy violent hitmen and drug traffickers]] (the traffickers]]; also, the two of them came from the Brooklyn faction; faction, while their predecessors came from the Bronx-East Harlem faction). faction. [[BadBoss Soon enough, they the two ordered anybody that was a purported informant to be marked for death]] (this, in fact, (this later forced ''actual'' [[DefectorFromDecadence wiseguys in the family to flip]] because of the increasingly erratic behavior of Amuso and Casso); Amuso even ordered the [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem whacking of the entire New Jersey Crew,]] faction,]] when they failed to show up for a meeting sitdown and [[BadBoss pay a hefty tribute]] (they actually demoted the Jersey crew's Crew's head capo, Anthony Accetturo, to the mere rank of a soldier and replaced him with an Amuso loyalist; Accetturo later [[TheInformant flipped]] when [[WouldHitAGirl Amuso ordered a hit on his wife,]] [[EvenEvilHasStandards despite the Mafia's longtime ban on harming women]]), but never went through with it because of massive indictments against many mafiosi at the time. Both Amuso and Casso were captured in 1993, but the latter decided to [[TheInformant flip]] [[TheStoolPigeon in 1994]], revealing that [[DirtyCop two NYPD officers]] named [[LawmanGoneBad Louis Eppolito and Steven Caracappa]] were on the Lucchese family's payroll for several years, working as [[KillerCop contract killers]] for the Mafia (Eppolito even had relatives who were in the mob, but could never become made because he was a cop). Both Eppolito and Caracappa were sentenced to life imprisonment, but Casso was thrown out of the Witness Program in 1998 for numerous infractions. Amuso still runs the battered Lucchese family to this day via the help of ruling panels and acting bosses, a trait shared with the other Mafia families in New York.
18th May '17 12:36:42 PM Njein
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* '''Construction''': Another area that is rife with mob activity is construction. Most major construction projects in New York City could not go ahead without the Five Families' approval, especially if the contract was above $2 million; also many mobsters in major cities were provided with "no-show" jobs in mob-controlled construction companies to explain their income to the IRS. The Mafia paid-off or threatened union leaders in order to obtain a piece of the action whenever they got a construction project, and in some cases, took over the union leadership themselves. Once the Mafia had its grip on a union, it could control an entire industry, and could halt or slow down a project if contractors and developers didn't make the right pay-offs. These pay-offs to mob-controlled contractors and unions often forced non mob-controlled contractors to pass these costs down the chain, including developers, brokers, etc., and in turn, forcing real estate prices to skyrocket.

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* '''Construction''': Another area that is rife with mob activity is construction. Most major construction projects in New York City could not go ahead without the Five Families' approval, especially if the contract was above $2 million; also many mobsters in major cities were provided with "no-show" jobs in mob-controlled construction companies to explain their income to the IRS. The Mafia paid-off bribed or threatened union leaders in order to obtain a piece of the action whenever they got a construction project, and in some cases, took over the union leadership themselves. Once the Mafia had its grip on a union, it could control an entire industry, and could halt or slow down a project if contractors and developers didn't make the right pay-offs. These pay-offs to mob-controlled contractors and unions often forced non mob-controlled contractors to pass these costs down the chain, including developers, brokers, etc., and in turn, forcing real estate prices to skyrocket.



* '''Financial crimes''': Why else would the mob ignore this area? From tax evasion and counterfeiting in the 1920s and 1930s, to money laundering in the 1960s, to "pump-and-dump" stock scams and mortgage fraud in the 1990s and 2000s, the Mafia has been involved in many financial crimes. They were also involved in confidence tricks such as Ponzi schemes, advance-fee fraud and are now making a foray into identity theft and cybercrimes, oftentimes with other organized crime groups. The Bonanno family was heavily involved in stock market scams during the Internet bubble of the 1990s, where they would coerce stockbrokers into selling fraudulent penny stock to unsuspecting investors. During the late 2000s recession, mobsters took advantage of the ongoing crisis by participating in mortgage scams, whether through predatory lending schemes or mortgage fraud.
* '''Political/governmental corruption''': American politics is rife with corruption, especially in cities and small towns, where machine politics still has a sway over the locality's budget. New York and Chicago were great examples of machine politics, and mobsters would take advantage of this in exchange for political favors and to rig contracts in favor of mob-controlled businesses; Tommy Lucchese and Frank Costello often jockeyed with one another over who would control Tammany Hall. The mob would sometimes offer bribes to politicians and crooked officials to turn a blind eye to organized crime activities. In the 1990s, two NYPD officers were revealed to be working for the Mafia as mob-hired hitmen and contract killers, and were on the Lucchese family's payroll for years.

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* '''Financial crimes''': Why else would the mob ignore this area? From tax evasion and counterfeiting in the 1920s and 1930s, to money laundering in the 1960s, to "pump-and-dump" stock scams and mortgage fraud in the 1990s and 2000s, recent years, the Mafia has been involved in many financial crimes. They were also involved in confidence tricks such as Ponzi schemes, advance-fee fraud and are now making a foray into identity theft and cybercrimes, oftentimes with other organized crime groups. The Bonanno family was heavily involved in stock market scams during the Internet bubble of the 1990s, where they would coerce stockbrokers into selling fraudulent penny stock to unsuspecting investors. During the late 2000s recession, mobsters took advantage of the ongoing crisis by participating in mortgage scams, whether through predatory lending schemes or mortgage fraud.
* '''Political/governmental corruption''': American politics is rife with corruption, especially in cities and small towns, where machine politics still has a sway over the locality's budget. New York and Chicago were great examples of machine politics, and mobsters would take advantage of this in exchange for political favors and to rig contracts in favor of mob-controlled businesses; Tommy Lucchese and Frank Costello often jockeyed with one another over who would control Tammany Hall. The mob would sometimes offer bribes to politicians and crooked officials to turn in exchange for turning a blind eye to organized crime activities. In the 1990s, two NYPD officers were revealed to be working for the Mafia as mob-hired hitmen and contract killers, and were on the Lucchese family's payroll for years.



* '''Sports betting''': The mob was also heavily involved in sports betting, especially in horse racing, college sports and boxing. Several mafia members associated with the Lucchese crime family participated in a point shaving scandal involving Boston College basketball team. Rick Kuhn, Henry Hill, and others associated with the Lucchese crime family, manipulated the results of the games during the 19781979 basketball season. Through bribing and intimidating several members of the team, they ensured their bets on the point spread of each game would go in their favor. Frankie Carbo and Tommy "Ryan" Eboli were deep into rigging boxing matches, and even became the mafia's unofficial commissioners for boxing.
* '''Loansharking/shylocking''': Illegal gambling and sports betting also led to the rise of a new activity - loansharking. One of the key moneymakers for the Mafia is to provide loans to [[TrappedByGamblingDebts degenerate gamblers]], drug addicts and those with a bad credit history at high interest rates, and often with the omnious threat of violence if they did not pay back. By the 1960s, loan sharks grew even more coordinated, and could pool information on borrowers to better size up risks and ensure a borrower did not try to pay off one loan by borrowing from another LoanShark.
* '''Pornography''': Prostitution became another moneymaker for the mafia, as they began to infiltrate peep show booths, porn distributors and child pornography, especially around Times Square, during the [[BigRottenApple decline of New York City in the 1970s]]. The Gambino family had interests in that area, especially through Robert [=DiBernardo=], who was one of the very few thought to have become 'made' in the Mafia without committing a murder. His name was later used to discredit Geraldine Ferraro's run for the US Senate in the 1990s, when her ties with the mobster were questioned. Lucky Luciano was accused of pandering and deported back to Italy, despite little or no evidence that he was actually running prostitution rings. Michael "Mikey Z" Zaffarano, a now-deceased capo in the Bonanno family, even had interests in adult-only movie theaters.

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* '''Sports betting''': The mob was also heavily involved in sports betting, especially in horse racing, college sports and boxing. Several mafia Mafia members associated with the Lucchese crime family participated in a point shaving scandal involving Boston College basketball team. Rick Kuhn, Henry Hill, and others associated with the Lucchese crime family, manipulated the results of the games during the 19781979 basketball season. Through bribing and intimidating several members of the team, they ensured their bets on the point spread of each game would go in their favor. Frankie Carbo and Tommy "Ryan" Eboli were deep into rigging boxing matches, and even became the mafia's Mafia's unofficial commissioners for boxing.
* '''Loansharking/shylocking''': Illegal gambling and sports betting also led to the rise of a new activity - loansharking. One of the key moneymakers for the Mafia is to provide loans to [[TrappedByGamblingDebts degenerate gamblers]], drug addicts and those with a bad credit history at high interest rates, and often with the omnious ominous threat of violence if they did not pay back. By the 1960s, loan sharks grew even more coordinated, and could pool information on borrowers to better size up risks and ensure a borrower did not try to pay off one loan by borrowing from another LoanShark.
* '''Pornography''': Prostitution became another moneymaker for the mafia, Mafia, as they began to infiltrate peep show booths, porn distributors and child pornography, especially around Times Square, during the [[BigRottenApple decline of New York City in the 1970s]]. The Gambino family had interests in that area, especially through Robert [=DiBernardo=], who was one of the very few thought to have become 'made' in the Mafia without committing a murder. His name was later used to discredit Geraldine Ferraro's run for the US Senate in the 1990s, when her ties with the mobster were questioned. Lucky Luciano was accused of pandering and deported back to Italy, despite little or no evidence that he was actually running prostitution rings. Michael "Mikey Z" Zaffarano, a now-deceased capo in the Bonanno family, even had interests in adult-only movie theaters.



* '''Narcotics trafficking''': This became the mob's biggest moneymaker after bootlegging declined in the 1930s, as the Mafia began to dabble into the drug trade. However, this split them into two groups, with the pro-drug faction advocating in favor of it, while the anti-drug faction believed it would bring in law enforcement heat on them. Eventually they pro-drug faction won out, and many low-ranking mobsters began to deal extensively with the Sicilians and other organized crime groups. Bosses such as Paul Castellano, Carlo Gambino and others often turned a blind eye to drug dealing, as many of them took a cut in exchange for dealing it on the sly. The Bonannos became very notorious for heroin trafficking, especially under Joe Bonanno, who sent his underboss Carmine Galante to set up Montreal as an outpost for importing drugs into the United States from Sicily.

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* '''Narcotics trafficking''': This became the mob's biggest moneymaker after bootlegging declined in the 1930s, as the Mafia began to dabble into the drug trade. However, this split them into two groups, with the pro-drug faction advocating in favor of it, while the anti-drug faction believed it would bring in law enforcement heat on them. Eventually they pro-drug faction won out, and many low-ranking mobsters began to deal extensively with the Sicilians and other organized crime groups. Bosses such as Paul Castellano, Carlo Gambino and others often turned a blind eye to drug dealing, as many of them took a cut in exchange for dealing it on the sly. The Bonannos became very notorious for heroin trafficking, especially under Joe Bonanno, who sent his underboss Carmine Galante to set up Montreal as an outpost for importing drugs into the United States from Sicily.Sicily in the 1950s.
18th May '17 12:26:33 PM Njein
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The murders of [[BadBoss Masseria]] and [[BigBadWannabe Maranzano]] in 1931 paved the way for Lucky Luciano's rise to power. He not only restructured the American Mafia (by introducing a Commission to resolve disputes among the families), but also branched out to work with other ethnic mobs (including the [[KosherNostra Jewish mafia]] and the Irish Mob) to form a National Crime Syndicate. To ensure that the other mobsters are falling in line, Luciano even formed a Brooklyn-based gang of Italian, Irish and Jewish hitmen called Murder Inc. to function as the Syndicate's murder-for-hire and enforcement arm; it was led by Albert Anastasia and Louis Buchalter, who were both notorious hitmen and labor racketeers. This group of hitmen and contract killers was estimated to have committed at as many as 900 murders between 1931 and 1951.

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The murders of [[BadBoss Masseria]] and [[BigBadWannabe Maranzano]] in 1931 paved the way for Lucky Luciano's rise to power. He not only restructured the American Mafia (by by introducing a Commission to resolve disputes among the families), families, but also branched out to work with other ethnic mobs (including the [[KosherNostra Jewish mafia]] and [[TheIrishMob the Irish Mob) Mob]]) to form a [[TheSyndicate National Crime Syndicate. Syndicate]]. To ensure that the other mobsters are falling in line, Luciano even formed a Brooklyn-based gang of Italian, Irish and Jewish hitmen called Murder Inc. MurderInc to function as the Syndicate's [[MurderInc murder-for-hire and enforcement arm; arm]]; it was led by Albert Anastasia and Louis Buchalter, who were both notorious hitmen and labor racketeers. This group of hitmen and contract killers was estimated to have committed at as many as 900 murders between 1931 and 1951.
11th Apr '17 6:32:18 PM Njein
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* 'cagnolazzi': "wild dogs" young wannabes working for, but not yet initiated into the Mafia.



* flip: To become an informant, government witness, to break the vow of omerta, and cooperate with law enforcement.

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* flip: To become an informant, a government witness, to break the vow of omerta, and cooperate with law enforcement.



* joint, the: prison; synonyms: the can, the pen, go away to college, doing time, the slammer, Hoosegow, mainline joint, skinner joint, stoney lonesome, lockup, glasshouse, bucket, club fed, greybar hotel, big house, calaboose, castle, cooler, country club, crowbar hotel, digger, farm, guardhouse, hole, jug, juvie, pokey, rock, sneezer, stockade, the clink.

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* joint, the: prison; synonyms: the can, the pen, go away to college, doing time, the slammer, Hoosegow, mainline joint, skinner joint, stoney lonesome, lockup, glasshouse, bucket, club fed, greybar hotel, big house, calaboose, castle, cooler, country club, crowbar hotel, digger, farm, guardhouse, hole, jug, juvie, pokey, rock, sneezer, stockade, the clink.clink, brig, stir, skookum house, cage, coop, behind bars.


Added DiffLines:

* pizzo: an 'tax' (extortion money) which retailers and freelance criminals alike pay tin exchange for operating in the territories the Mafia controlled in a given area.
10th Apr '17 5:43:57 PM Njein
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* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, Bushwick, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), Queens (especially Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family (its manpower has often hovered between 150 and 200 made men), it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), this crime family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe Bonanno]] had bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal turf war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher, attempted to seize control but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] But the Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and the on-and-off infighting that's been going since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had any of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this all came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NobleTopEnforcer Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship slowly becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death penalty in 2004 after one of the murders was traced back to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn informer]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleagues and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2011.

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* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, Bushwick, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), southern Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue), Queens (especially (notably Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family (its manpower has often hovered between 150 and 200 made men), family, it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), this crime the Bonanno family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite repeatedly denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe Bonanno]] had he]] harbored even bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal turf war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher, attempted to seize control but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] But the Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and the on-and-off infighting that's been going since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had any of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this all came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NobleTopEnforcer [[NotWhatISignedUpFor Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship slowly becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death penalty in 2004 after one of the murders was traced back to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn informer]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleagues and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2011.2013.



* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Gambinos' Sicilian faction, and the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- it was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt -- and began to target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's unofficial "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure as boss was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.

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* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Gambinos' Zips (imported Sicilian faction, mafiosi), and the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- it was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt -- and began to target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's unofficial "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure as boss was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.
1st Apr '17 5:07:43 PM ImperialMajestyXO
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* '''Pittsburgh crime family''' - has control of Pittsburgh, Western Pennsylvania and portions of Eastern Ohio. The family has been largely in decline since the death of John LaRocca in 1984.

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* '''Pittsburgh crime family''' - has control of Pittsburgh, Western Pennsylvania and portions of Eastern Ohio. The family has been largely in decline since the death of John LaRocca [=LaRocca=] in 1984.
14th Mar '17 9:54:52 AM Njein
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* cement shoes/cement overcoat: Largely fictional method of disposing bodies in a body of water, hoping that someone will not find the body. This is where the term "sleeping with the fishes" came from.

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* cement shoes/cement overcoat: Largely A largely fictional method of disposing bodies in a body of water, hoping that someone will not find the body. This is where the term "sleeping with the fishes" came from.



* gofer/gopher boy: An errand boy for a mobster. Many mob wannabes start out as errand boys.

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* gofer/gopher boy: An errand boy for a mobster. Many mob wannabes often start out as errand boys.



* kiss of death: sign given by mob higher-ups that signifies that a member of the crime family has been marked for death, usually as a result of some perceived betrayal.

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* kiss of death: sign given by mob higher-ups that signifies that a member of the crime family has been marked for death, usually as a result of some perceived betrayal. It's usually a sign that the member has fallen out of favor with the higher-ups.
2nd Mar '17 6:24:55 PM Njein
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After the induction ceremony, the associate becomes a made man and holds the rank of soldier in the Mafia totem pole. A made man enjoys the full protection and backing of the Mafia establishment as long as he remains in favor and earns enough money, a percentage of which must be passed up the hierarchy. A made man is traditionally seen as "untouchable" by fellow criminals; he is to be respected and feared. Killing or assaulting a made man for any reason without explicit permission of the higher-ups is a big no-no which is punishable by death, regardless of whether the perpetrator had a legitimate grievance; however, a made man can be killed if a strong argument is provided and the higher-ups green-light it.

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After the induction ceremony, the associate becomes a made man and holds the rank of soldier in the Mafia totem pole. A made man enjoys the full protection and backing of the Mafia establishment as long as he remains in favor and earns enough money, a percentage of which must be passed up the hierarchy. A made man is traditionally seen as "untouchable" by fellow criminals; he is to be respected and feared. Killing or assaulting a made man for any reason without explicit permission of the higher-ups is a big no-no which is punishable by death, regardless of whether the perpetrator had a legitimate grievance; however, a made man can be ''can be'' killed if a strong argument is provided and ''and'' the higher-ups green-light it.



* They must [[UndyingLoyalty vow to stay]] [[LoyalToThePosition loyal to the Mafia]] [[UndyingLoyalty for life]] and kick a fixed portion of their earnings to their superior.

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* They must [[UndyingLoyalty vow to stay]] [[LoyalToThePosition loyal to the Mafia]] [[UndyingLoyalty for life]] and kick a fixed portion of their earnings to their superior.superiors.



* '''Messaggero''' - Another rank that's unique to the American Mafia, this also appeared in the aftermath of the Apalachin Meetin in 1957, though it was increasingly used in the 1980s, especially after the Commission Case, which forced the bosses to hold their sitdowns away from law enforcement scrutiny. The boss can sometimes delegate one of his men to serve as a liaison between him and the other crime families, reducing the need for sit-downs of the mob hierarchy, and thus limit the public exposure of the bosses. In other cases, the boss can use a messenger to relay orders down the chain of command and as a facade to prevent law enforcement from knowing where orders are actually coming from. Vincent Gigante, John Gotti, Joe Massino and other bosses oftentimes used their relatives as emissaries, especially in the wake of the Commission Case.
* '''Ruling Panel''' - Another rank unique to the American Mafia, this also appeared in response to greater law enforcement scrutiny in the 1980s, as most of the "official" bosses faced long prison sentences. The boss sometimes delegates a panel/ruling committee of high-ranking capos (who still operate their own crews at the same time) to run the day-to-day operations of the family while the boss retains ultimate control of the family from behind bars, and usually relays his orders to the family via a "messenger", who could then send orders down the chain of command to avoid suspicion. The families can also use these ''ruling panels'' as a way to prevent law enforcement from knowing who's [[TheManBehindTheMan pulling the strings from behind the scenes]], and to shield the higher-ups from law enforcement scrutiny.

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* '''Messaggero''' - Another rank that's unique to the American Mafia, this also appeared in the aftermath of the Apalachin Meetin Meeting in 1957, though it was increasingly used in the 1980s, especially after the Commission Case, which forced the bosses to hold their sitdowns away from law enforcement scrutiny. The boss can sometimes delegate one of his men to serve as a liaison between him and the other crime families, reducing the need for sit-downs of the mob hierarchy, and thus limit the public exposure of the bosses. In other cases, the boss can use a messenger to relay orders down the chain of command and as a facade to prevent law enforcement from knowing where orders are actually coming from. Vincent Gigante, John Gotti, Joe Massino and other bosses oftentimes used their relatives as emissaries, especially in the wake of the Commission Case.
* '''Ruling Panel''' - Another rank unique to the American Mafia, this also appeared in response to greater law enforcement scrutiny in the 1980s, as most of the "official" bosses faced long prison sentences. The boss sometimes delegates a panel/ruling committee of high-ranking capos (who still operate their own crews at the same time) to run the day-to-day operations of the family while the boss retains ultimate control of the family from behind bars, and usually relays his orders to the family via a "messenger", who could then send orders down the chain of command to avoid suspicion. The families can also use these ''ruling panels'' as a way to prevent law enforcement from knowing who's [[TheManBehindTheMan pulling the strings from behind the scenes]], actually in charge]], and to shield the higher-ups from law enforcement scrutiny.
25th Jan '17 7:25:36 PM Njein
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The Kefauver hearings in 1951 determined that a vast criminal conspiracy operated by Italian mobsters did exist behind the scenes, and the [[CriminalConvention Apalachin Meeting of 1957]] really confirmed its existence. [[CriminalConvention The meeting in Apalachin]] was set up by [[BigBadWannabe Vito]] [[TheStarscream Genovese, Luciano's former underboss]], who aimed to wrest control of the Genovese family from Frank Costello, his main rival and to become [[BigBadWannabe the Boss of all Bosses by eliminating]] [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia, the boss of the Mangano (now Gambino) family in October of 1957.]] Around 100 mobsters attended [[CriminalConvention the meeting]] at this small town not far from Binghamton, New York, but it turned into a big disaster when a curious state trooper got wind of it (and sent in reinforcements). More than 60 mobsters were caught including Genovese himself; others nabbed include Carlo Gambino, Paul Castellano, Joe Profaci and Santo Trafficante; Tommy Lucchese and Sam Giancana themselves eluded capture, while Joe Bonanno claimed he was not there at the meeting despite being caught by state troopers in a nearby cornfield. Genovese was blamed for this debacle, and he ended up in prison for trumped-up charges on narcotics trafficking in 1959. Another big blow to the mob came in 1963 when a low-level soldier named Joe Valachi became the first made man to flip by providing a glimpse into the inner workings of the Mafia. At this time, the FBI started to put more effort into organized crime activities, and the passage of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) in 1970 also helped federal prosecutors in building cases against individual mobsters and their families.

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The Kefauver hearings in 1951 determined that a vast criminal conspiracy operated by Italian mobsters did exist behind the scenes, and the [[CriminalConvention Apalachin Meeting of 1957]] really confirmed its existence. [[CriminalConvention The meeting in Apalachin]] It]] was set up by [[BigBadWannabe Vito]] [[TheStarscream Genovese, Lucky Luciano's former underboss]], who aimed to wrest control of the Genovese family from Frank Costello, his main rival and to become [[BigBadWannabe the Boss of all Bosses by after eliminating]] [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia, the boss of the Mangano (now Gambino) family in October of 1957.]] 1957. Around 100 mobsters attended [[CriminalConvention the meeting]] at this small town not far from Binghamton, New York, but it turned into a big disaster when a curious state trooper got wind of it (and sent in reinforcements). More than 60 mobsters were caught including Genovese himself; others nabbed include Carlo Gambino, Paul Castellano, Joe Profaci and Santo Trafficante; Tommy Lucchese Lucchese, Stefano Magaddino and Sam Giancana themselves eluded capture, while Joe Bonanno claimed he was not there at the meeting despite being caught by state troopers in a nearby cornfield. Genovese was blamed for this the ensuing debacle, and he ended up in prison for trumped-up charges on narcotics trafficking in 1959. Another big blow to the mob came in 1963 when a low-level soldier named Joe Valachi became the first made man to flip by providing a good glimpse into the inner workings of the Mafia. At By this time, the FBI started to put more effort into cracking down on organized crime activities, and the passage of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) in 1970 also helped federal prosecutors in building cases against individual mobsters and their families.



The Mafia solicits specific people for membership - one cannot just choose to join up. Also, in order to become a made man, the inductee had to be a male of full Italian descent (though this restriction has been loosened over time, some Mafia families are more restrictive of whom they want to bring in than others). An associate of a crime family who was in the police force or attended a police academy cannot become a made member of the Mafia.

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The Mafia solicits specific people for membership - -- one cannot just choose to join up. Also, in order to become a made man, the inductee had to be a male of full Italian descent (though this restriction has been loosened over time, some Mafia families are more restrictive of whom they want to bring in than others). An associate of a crime family who was in the police force or attended a police academy cannot become a made member of the Mafia.



Made men are the only ones who can rise through the ranks of the Mafia, from soldier to capo, consigliere, underboss, and boss. There is another obstacle - all potential inductees have to be considered ''and'' approved by the Mafia Commission. In the 1920s and 1930s, the New York mafia was involved in the Castellammarese War. Mafia families would often recruit new members in large numbers; as they could not be recognized by the other families, they easily approached the rival capos and [[DeadlyEuphemism rubbed them out]]. To put a stop to this, it was required of the families to give a list of prospective members to the Commission. This list was circulated among the other families and eliminated the risk of not being recognized; it also gave the opportunity of removing any inductee which some other family had a problem with. If such an inductee were to become a made man, individual disagreements between him and any other member could easily spark turf wars.

to:

Made men are the only ones who can rise through the ranks of the Mafia, from soldier to capo, consigliere, underboss, and boss. There is another obstacle - -- all potential inductees have to be considered ''and'' approved by the Mafia Commission. In the 1920s and 1930s, the New York mafia was involved in During the Castellammarese War. War, Mafia families would often recruit new members in large numbers; as they could not be recognized by the other families, they easily approached the rival capos and [[DeadlyEuphemism rubbed them out]]. To put a stop to this, it was all families were now required of the families to give a list of prospective members to the Commission. This list It was circulated among the other families and eliminated the risk of not being recognized; it recognized, and also gave the opportunity of removing any inductee which some other family had a problem with. If such an inductee were to become a made man, individual disagreements between him and any other member could easily spark turf wars.



* '''Capo di tutti i capi''' - the Boss of all Bosses in a particular area. More a media title than anything of significance in the American or Sicilian Mob; crime family bosses are seen as ''peers'' and don't pay tribute to or take orders from each other. The only boss to ever claim this title for himself was [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore Maranzano]] after [[WonTheWarLostThePeace "winning"]] the Castellammarese War in 1931, and he got to enjoy it for less than six months. Before long, Maranzano's nominal [[TheStarscream second-in-command]] [[MagnificentBastard Lucky]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Luciano]] and his fellow [[YoungGun Young Turks]] thought [[ItsAllAboutMe Maranzano]] was much [[EntitledBastard greedier and hidebound than Masseria]], and they decided to [[DeadlyEuphemism retire]] the title, and [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder Maranzano along with it]]. An older term, ''capo consigliere'', denoted the first among equals of the New York bosses, who would arbitrate disputes between families, this went by the wayside during the Castellammarese War and was never reestablished afterwards.
* '''The Commission''': Luciano's answer to the ''capo di tutti i capi'' title. Originally consisted of the bosses of the Five Families in New York, the boss of the Buffalo family, and UsefulNotes/AlCapone, with [[TheManBehindTheMan substantial input]] from "associates" such as Meyer Lansky. Other cities, such as Detroit and Philadelphia, once had seats on the Commission, but later lost it. Later pared down to just the Five Families (the Bonannos were thrown out the Commission in the 1980s due to their generally disruptive behavior in the Mafia), with Chicago doing its own thing, but it still has a seat on the Commission; the idea worked so well that the Sicilian Mafia was encouraged to form a similar body. The Commission is headed by a nominal Chairman, who was not seen as the '''capo di capi''' as law enforcement usually claimed it to be; in the mob, crime bosses are viewed as peers, and having one boss reign supreme over the others runs contrary to this idea (Luciano saw what happened to Masseria and Maranzano - [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem the power went into their heads]], [[ItsAllAboutMe and they immediately became arrogant in treating their subordinates]]). Luciano became the first Chairman of the Mafia Commission after establishing it in 1931. Contrary to popular belief, the Commission does not "rule" the Mafia (see above re: bosses, orders, and tribute), it's intended to be a body for settling disputes that might otherwise lead to violations of "honor" and all-out turf wars--think more of a UsefulNotes/UnitedNations of the Underworld or a board of directors of mob bosses rather than a King of the Mafia (or even a Parliament of the Mafia). Only the Commission can approve a new boss before he could take over officially, allow who can become a made man and who can't, and vote on issues (such as the narcotics trade) that might require inter-family cooperation. Though the bosses used to meet more often, greater law enforcement scrutiny in the 1980s and an increasing number of informants, notably Sammy "the Bull" Gravano, have forced the Commission underground, and the families now send lower-level members such as capos to discuss business and resolve inter-family disputes. Also, the five New York City bosses have not met with each other since Paul Castellano was killed in late 1985, as the last meeting took place a month before his death (though there was a mini-Commission meeting in 2000, most of the attendees at the time were acting bosses with the lone exception of Joe Massino of the Bonanno family).

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* '''Capo di tutti i capi''' - the Boss of all Bosses in a particular area. More a media title than anything of significance in the American or Sicilian Mob; crime family bosses are seen as ''peers'' and don't pay tribute to or take orders from each other. The only boss to ever claim this title for himself was [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore Maranzano]] after [[WonTheWarLostThePeace "winning"]] the Castellammarese War in 1931, and he got to enjoy it for less than six months. Before long, Maranzano's nominal [[TheStarscream second-in-command]] [[MagnificentBastard Lucky]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Luciano]] and his fellow [[YoungGun Young Turks]] thought [[ItsAllAboutMe Maranzano]] was much [[EntitledBastard greedier just as greedy and hidebound than Masseria]], as Masseria was before him]], and they decided to [[DeadlyEuphemism retire]] the title, and [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder Maranzano along with it]]. An older term, ''capo consigliere'', denoted the first among equals of the New York bosses, who would arbitrate disputes between families, families; this went by the wayside during the Castellammarese War and was never reestablished afterwards.
* '''The Commission''': Luciano's answer to the ''capo di tutti i capi'' title. Originally consisted of the bosses of the Five Families in New York, the boss of the Buffalo family, and UsefulNotes/AlCapone, with [[TheManBehindTheMan substantial input]] from "associates" such as Meyer Lansky. Other cities, such as Detroit and Philadelphia, once had seats on the Commission, but later lost it. Later pared down to just the Five Families (the Bonannos were thrown out the Commission in the 1980s due to their generally disruptive behavior in the Mafia), with Chicago doing its own thing, but it still has a seat on the Commission; the idea worked so well that the Sicilian Mafia was encouraged to form a similar body. The Commission is headed by a nominal Chairman, who was not seen as the '''capo di capi''' as law enforcement usually claimed it to be; in the mob, crime bosses are viewed as peers, and having one boss reign supreme over the others runs contrary to this idea (Luciano saw what happened to Masseria and Maranzano - [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem the power went into their heads]], [[ItsAllAboutMe and they immediately became arrogant in treating their subordinates]]). Luciano became the first Chairman of the Mafia Commission after establishing it in 1931. Contrary to popular belief, the Commission does not "rule" the Mafia (see above re: bosses, orders, and tribute), it's intended to be but acts as a body for settling disputes that might otherwise lead to violations of "honor" and all-out turf wars--think more of a UsefulNotes/UnitedNations of the Underworld or a board of directors of mob bosses rather than a King of the Mafia (or even a Parliament of the Mafia). Only the Commission can approve a new boss before he could take over officially, allow who can become a made man and who can't, and vote on issues (such as the narcotics trade) that might require inter-family cooperation. Though the bosses used to meet more often, greater law enforcement scrutiny in the 1980s and an increasing number of informants, notably Sammy "the Bull" Gravano, have forced the Commission underground, and the families now send lower-level members such as capos to discuss business and resolve inter-family disputes. Also, the five New York City bosses have not met with each other since Paul Castellano was killed in late 1985, as the last meeting took place a month before his death (though there was a mini-Commission meeting in 2000, most of the attendees at the time were acting bosses with the lone exception of Joe Massino of the Bonanno family).



*** 1946-1951 - Vincent "The Executioner" Mangano - head of the LCN's conservative/Sicilian faction, disappeared in April 1951

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*** 1946-1951 - Vincent "The Executioner" Mangano - head of the LCN's conservative/Sicilian faction, disappeared in April 1951



*** 1959-1964 - Joseph "Joe Bananas" Bonanno - forcibly retired in October 1964, died in June 2002

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*** 1959-1964 - Joseph "Joe Bananas" Bonanno - forcibly retired in October 1964, died in June May 2002



*** 1985-1992 - John "The Dapper Don" Gotti - imprisoned in 1992
*** 1992-1997 - Vincent "Vinny Chin" Gigante - imprisoned in 1997

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*** 1985-1992 - John "The Dapper Don" Gotti - imprisoned in 1992
1992 and died on June 10, 2002
*** 1992-1997 - Vincent "Vinny Chin" Gigante - imprisoned in 19971997 and died December 19, 2005



* '''Acting Boss/Street Boss''' - A rank unique to the American Mafia, appearing in response to the increase in the number of racketeering convictions since the 1980's, rendering most "official" bosses and underbosses no longer at liberty to control the day-to-day operations of their families. This responsibility usually ends up being delegated to a capo (who still operates his own crew in the meantime), who can send a "messenger" to receive orders from the boss and pass along tribute. Even when bosses are free, this structure is at times maintained as a facade to prevent law enforcement from determining where exactly orders are coming from - the Genovese family is a notable user of this since the 1970s and have been [[BaitAndSwitchBoss playing bait-and-switch with law enforcement]] using this tactic, as they would oftentimes prop up "dummy" bosses (usually high-ranking capos) while the official boss remains hidden from law enforcement scrutiny. May sometimes in fact be the ''[[TheAllegedBoss de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss in]] ''[[TheManBehindTheMan all but name]]'', especially if the official boss is old, ill, or kept incommunicado in prison, and if the Street Boss would rather keep a low profile. (Note: This, essentially, was the rank [[Series/TheSopranos Tony Soprano]] occupied for most of the series.).

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* '''Acting Boss/Street Boss/Front Boss''' - A rank unique to the American Mafia, appearing in response to the increase in the number of racketeering convictions since the 1980's, rendering most "official" bosses and underbosses no longer at liberty to control the day-to-day operations of their families. This responsibility usually ends up being delegated to a capo (who still operates his own crew in the meantime), who can send a "messenger" to receive orders from the boss and pass along tribute. Even when bosses are free, this structure is at times maintained as a facade to prevent law enforcement from determining where exactly orders are coming from - the Genovese family is a notable user of this since the 1970s and have been [[BaitAndSwitchBoss playing bait-and-switch with law enforcement]] using this tactic, as they would oftentimes prop up "dummy" bosses (usually high-ranking capos) while the official boss remains hidden from law enforcement scrutiny. May sometimes in fact be the ''[[TheAllegedBoss de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss in]] ''[[TheManBehindTheMan all but name]]'', especially if the official boss is old, ill, or kept incommunicado in prison, and if the Street Boss would rather keep a low profile. (Note: This, essentially, was the rank [[Series/TheSopranos Tony Soprano]] occupied for most of the series.).



* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, Bushwick, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), Queens (especially Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family (its manpower has often hovered between 150 and 200 made men), it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), this crime family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe Bonanno]] had bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal turf war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher, attempted to seize control but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] But the Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and the constant infighting that's been going on since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had one of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NobleTopEnforcer Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death sentence in 2004 after one of the murders was linked to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn state's evidence]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleagues and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2011.

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* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, Bushwick, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), Queens (especially Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family (its manpower has often hovered between 150 and 200 made men), it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), this crime family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe Bonanno]] had bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal turf war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher, attempted to seize control but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] But the Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and the constant on-and-off infighting that's been going on since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had one any of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this all came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NobleTopEnforcer Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship slowly becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death sentence penalty in 2004 after one of the murders was linked traced back to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn state's evidence]], informer]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleagues and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2011.



* '''Colombo crime family''' - Big presence in western Brooklyn (notably Red Hook, Brooklyn Heights, Cobble Hill, Park Slope, Gowanus and Carroll Gardens) and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, Queens, Long Island and Florida; also has a crew based in Los Angeles (the family used to have a faction in New Jersey, but that has been disbanded since the 1990s). Currently the weakest of the Five Families thanks to numerous informants (current membership is around 110-130 made men), ineffectual and/or publicity-hungry bosses and internal wars since the 1960s (this family used to be much stronger thanks to its ties with the Bonannos). Originally a small and fairly-well organized gang of Sicilian mafiosi hailing from the town of Villabate (not far from Palermo, Sicily), the crime family was originally known as the Profaci crime family after the first boss, Joseph Profaci, who established good ties with Joe Bonanno, the boss of the Bonanno crime family at the time. [[BadBoss But, he was known to be miserly]] [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem and notoriously greedy (he even demanded a $25 monthly tribute to be kicked up to him), and his tightfisted attitude]] led to the [[MobWar first family war]] in the late 1950s. This war was ignited by Joe Gallo, a capo who wanted a greater share of the loot Profaci kept for himself; at first, it seemed that Gallo would win this battle, but soon, most of the family's 150+ wiseguys chose to side with Profaci. [[TheStarscream Carmine Persico]], a Gallo loyalist, later switched sides and rejoined the Profaci faction when he realized Gallo was the wrong horse to bet upon; he was nicknamed [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder the "Snake" as a result of his treachery towards the Gallo crew]] (he tried to strangle Joe Gallo's younger brother Larry to death at a bar, but Larry survived thanks to a police officer timely intervention; Persico was forced to flee). Profaci died of cancer in 1962, but his underboss [[DragonAscendant Joe]] [[DragonInChief Magliocco]] continued the battle against the remaining Gallo crew. The war ended with Gallo's arrest in 1963, but [[DemotedToDragon Magliocco]] soon became embroiled in an audacious plot hatched by [[BigBadWannabe Joe Bonanno]] to eliminate several of their rivals and take over the Commission. However, their plans sputtered to an abrupt halt when [[MagnificentBastard Joe]] [[TheStarscream Colombo]], another capo in the Profaci family, [[TheStoolPigeon exposed their plot to the Commission.]] For his reward, Colombo took over the family in 1963 after Magliocco was forced to retire (since the other bosses knew that Magliocco had several health issues and would die anytime soon, they let him go but ordered him to step down and pay a $50,000 fine; Bonanno was also ordered to come forward several times but was a no-show despite being asked to explain, and he fled to avoid being killed in 1964 by faking his own kidnapping); with Carlo Gambino's backing, he changed the family name from Profaci to Colombo. However, much to Gambino's dismay, Colombo was too publicity-friendly, as he claimed the FBI was falsely targeting Italian-Americans (he even formed a political group to decry the FBI's actions, and allied with Meir Kahane and the Jewish Defense League). Colombo was later gunned down and put in a coma (that he never recovered from and died as a result of it in 1978) in 1971 during a rally at Columbus Circle. This led to another internal war, and the family blamed it on Joe Gallo (though it was speculated that Colombo's rivals, including Gambino, ordered it); he was later shot to death in 1972 while dining with his family (the remaining Gallo crew later joined the Genovese family). [[DragonAscendant Carmine Persico]] took over the family in 1972, but spent much of his reign while imprisoned (he used a series of acting bosses and ruling panels to run the family from prison). Persico and his acting boss, [[DragonInChief Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella]], were later indicted on the Mafia Commission Case in 1986, facing 100+ year life sentences; to ensure that he remains as the official boss, Persico even groomed his son [[MookLieutenant Alphonse]] to become the acting boss, but Allie Boy was convicted in a separate trial. Persico then nominates Victor Orena, his cousin and a capo to become the [[MookLieutenant street boss]], [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder but]] [[TheStarscream Orena had]] [[BigBadWannabe bigger]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda ambitions.]] The family would split again for a 3rd time in the early 1990s when Orena, who felt Persico was out of touch and was planning to do a TV interview (much like how Joe Bonanno did one in 1983 after writing a book about his life, and how the TV interview was used in the Mafia Commission Trial), tried to take over as boss. While Persico won the battle after [[WonTheWarLostThePeace 12 deaths (including three innocent bystanders), 18 associates missing and 12 of his members turning informer (and still runs the battered family from behind bars)]], the Colombos have been weakened because of numerous informants and more government crackdowns in the 2000s.

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* '''Colombo crime family''' - Big presence in western Brooklyn (notably Red Hook, Brooklyn Heights, Cobble Hill, Park Slope, Gowanus and Carroll Gardens) and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, Queens, Long Island and Florida; also has a crew based in Los Angeles (the family used to have a faction in New Jersey, but that has been disbanded since the 1990s). Currently the weakest of the Five Families thanks to numerous informants (current membership is around 110-130 made men), ineffectual and/or publicity-hungry bosses and internal wars since the 1960s (this family used to be much stronger thanks to its ties with the Bonannos). Originally a small and fairly-well organized gang of Sicilian mafiosi hailing from the town of Villabate (not far from Palermo, Sicily), the crime family was originally known as the Profaci crime family after the first boss, Joseph Profaci, who established good ties with Joe Bonanno, the boss of the Bonanno crime family at the time. [[BadBoss But, he was known to be miserly]] [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem and notoriously greedy (he even demanded a $25 monthly tribute to be kicked up to him), and his tightfisted attitude]] led to the [[MobWar first family war]] in the late 1950s. This war It was ignited by Joe Gallo, a renegade capo who wanted a greater share of the loot Profaci kept for himself; at first, it seemed that Gallo would win this battle, but soon, most of the family's 150+ wiseguys chose to side with Profaci. [[TheStarscream Carmine Persico]], a Gallo loyalist, later switched sides and rejoined the Profaci faction when he realized Gallo was the wrong horse to bet upon; he was nicknamed [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder the "Snake" as a result of his treachery towards the Gallo crew]] (he tried to strangle Joe Gallo's younger brother Larry to death at a bar, but Larry survived thanks to a police officer timely intervention; Persico was forced to flee). Profaci died of cancer in 1962, but his underboss [[DragonAscendant Joe]] [[DragonInChief Magliocco]] continued the battle against the remaining Gallo crew. The war ended with Gallo's arrest in 1963, but [[DemotedToDragon Magliocco]] soon became embroiled in an audacious plot hatched by [[BigBadWannabe Joe Bonanno]] to eliminate several of their rivals and take over the Commission. However, their plans sputtered to an abrupt halt when [[MagnificentBastard Joe]] [[TheStarscream Colombo]], another capo in the Profaci family, [[TheStoolPigeon exposed their plot to the Commission.]] For his reward, Colombo took over the family in 1963 after Magliocco was forced to retire (since the other bosses knew that Magliocco had several health issues and would die anytime soon, they let him go but ordered him to step down and pay a $50,000 fine; Bonanno was also ordered to come forward several times but was a no-show despite being asked to explain, and he fled to avoid being killed in 1964 by faking his own kidnapping); with Carlo Gambino's backing, he changed the family name from Profaci to Colombo. However, much to Gambino's dismay, Colombo was too publicity-friendly, as he claimed the FBI was falsely targeting Italian-Americans (he even formed a political group to decry the FBI's actions, and allied with Meir Kahane and the Jewish Defense League). Colombo was later gunned down and put in a coma (that he never recovered from and died as a result of it in 1978) in 1971 during a rally at Columbus Circle. This led to another internal war, and the family blamed it on Joe Gallo (though it was speculated that Colombo's rivals, including Gambino, ordered it); he was later shot to death in 1972 while dining with his family (the remaining Gallo crew later joined the Genovese family). [[DragonAscendant Carmine Persico]] took over the family in 1972, but spent much of his reign while imprisoned (he used a series of acting bosses and ruling panels to run the family from prison). Persico and his acting boss, [[DragonInChief Gennaro "Jerry Lang" Langella]], were later indicted on the Mafia Commission Case in 1986, facing 100+ year life sentences; to ensure that he remains as the official boss, Persico even groomed his son [[MookLieutenant Alphonse]] to become the acting boss, but Allie Boy was convicted in a separate trial. Persico then nominates Victor Orena, his cousin and a capo to become the [[MookLieutenant street boss]], [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder but]] [[TheStarscream Orena had]] harbored]] [[BigBadWannabe bigger]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda ambitions.]] The family would split again for a 3rd time in the early 1990s when Orena, who felt Persico was out of touch and was planning to do a TV interview (much like how Joe Bonanno did one in 1983 after writing a tell-all book about his life, and how the TV interview was used in the Mafia Commission Trial), tried to take over as boss. While Persico won the battle after [[WonTheWarLostThePeace 12 deaths (including three innocent bystanders), 18 associates missing and 12 of his members turning informer (and still runs the battered family from behind bars)]], the Colombos have been weakened because of numerous informants and more government crackdowns in the 2000s.



* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Gambinos' Sicilian faction, and the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- it was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt -- and began to target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over as boss following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.

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* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Gambinos' Sicilian faction, and the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- it was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt -- and began to target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's unofficial "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over as boss following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure as boss was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.



* '''Genovese crime family''' - Large presence in Manhattan (notably Little Italy, 116th Street/East Harlem, Lower East Side, Greenwich Village and the Manhattan/New Jersey waterfronts), the Bronx (primarily in Morris Park, Pelham Bay and Arthur Avenue), Westchester, northern New Jersey and Connecticut, with smaller crews and factions in Queens, Brooklyn and Florida (the family also has a small crew in Springfield, Massachusetts). Regarded as the Ivy League of the Mafia, the family is still the strongest and biggest of the Five Families (the family size has historically varied from 250 to 470 made men; current membership is around 275-300 made men). The oldest of the New York families, it was known as the Morello crime family and eventually came under the control of Morello capo [[BadBoss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria]], who had a penchant for violence and was notoriously greedy. His heavy-handed attempts to strong arm and control the other Italian gangs, especially the Williamsburg-based Castellammarese gang, led to a bloody turf war in 1928; the Castellammarese War claimed at least 150+ lives and dragged on until Masseria was gunned down at a Coney Island restaurant in 1931. [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore]] [[EntitledBastard Maranzano]], now the nominal victor of this turf war, [[ItsAllAboutMe immediately wasted no time into reorganizing the Five Families (and by extension, the entire Mafia) under his control by declaring himself the boss of bosses;]] the [[YoungGun Young Turks]], led by an upstart gangster named [[MagnificentBastard Charles]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda "Lucky" Luciano]](the [[YoungGun Young Turks were a younger generation of Americanized mafiosi]], and were swayed by Maranzano into fighting for him), realized that Maranzano was much [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem greedier]] [[ItsAllAboutMe than they thought.]] So, they decided that the boss of all bosses had to go, and Luciano takes over in September of 1931 after Maranzano was eliminated. With the old guard out of the way, Luciano can now consolidate his own power. Luciano then revolutionized the American Mafia by forming a Mafia Commission (and becoming its 1st chairman) to settle disputes and encouraging the other bosses to work with each other instead of "hitting the mattresses". However, he faced an indictment from Thomas Dewey for running a prostitution ring in 1937 and was deported back to Italy in 1946, where he worked with the Sicilian mafia to establish an international drug ring. The family was taken over by Frank Costello, Luciano's consigliere and a key political fixer; he had huge gambling rackets in New York City and was craving to go legitimate. But he was faced with a growing threat from [[DragonWithAnAgenda Vito Genovese]], who was Luciano's former underboss and was silently eliminating allies of Costello after returning to the United States in 1945 (notably Albert Anastasia and William "Willie Moore" Moretti). Genovese, with the sufficient backing of [[CoDragons Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese]], then ordered a hit on Costello in May of 1957; Costello manages to survive the hit (thanks to the gunman's unintentional warning, he managed to get away with only a scalp wound) and steps down to avoid further bloodshed. Later that year, Genovese ordered a hit on rival mob boss [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia]] and called for a meeting of major mob leaders to explain the power vacuum in New York that's been going on since the attempted hit on Costello, and as well as to discuss the drug trade. But, [[CriminalConvention the Apalachin Meeting]] proved to be a big debacle as it exposed the Mafia to legal scrutiny for the first time, and the other bosses (notably [[TheStarscream Gambino and Lucchese,]] who switched sides and supported Costello, Luciano and Lansky) had him falsely implicated on a drug charge. Later, in 1963, a low-level soldier in his family named [[TheStoolPigeon Joe Valachi]] became the first made man to [[TheInformant flip and testify about the American Mafia's inner workings;]] Valachi feared Genovese ordered a hit on him, hence his reason to cooperate with federal authorities. Genovese continued to rule the family from prison (via ruling panels and acting bosses) until his death in 1969. Though the family was run by a series of "dummy" bosses after Genovese's death, Philip "Benny Squint" Lombardo (the family's street boss since 1962) was regarded as the ''[[TheChessmaster de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss and]] [[TheAllegedBoss had the final say in family matters, especially since 1969.]] Ill health forces Lombardo to step down and name [[DragonAscendant Vincent "Chin" Gigante]] (the alleged gunman behind the Costello hit) as his successor in 1981; [[TheAllegedBoss Gigante]] later names [[TheManBehindTheMan Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno as his "dummy" boss]]. Gigante further shielded himself from law enforcement scrutiny by [[ObfuscatingDisability feigning]] [[ObfuscatingInsanity insanity]] [[PlayingSick and]] [[ObfuscatingStupidity pretending to have a low IQ]]; this ruse worked until 1997, when he was imprisoned for multiple racketeering and murder charges. He ran the family from prison until his death in 2005, and since his death, it is implied the family now uses a ruling panel of capos to manage its daily affairs and to avoid FBI attention, with [[TheManBehindTheMan Liborio "Barney" Bellomo (a protege of Vincent Gigante and the head capo of the 116th Street crew)]] pretty much having [[TheAllegedBoss the final say on family matters]], in a matter that's reminiscent of Philip Lombardo in the 1970s.

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* '''Genovese crime family''' - Large presence in Manhattan (notably Little Italy, 116th Street/East Harlem, Lower East Side, Greenwich Village and the Manhattan/New Jersey waterfronts), the Bronx (primarily in Morris Park, Pelham Bay and Arthur Avenue), Westchester, northern New Jersey and Connecticut, with smaller crews and factions in Queens, Brooklyn and Florida (the family also has a small crew in Springfield, Massachusetts). Regarded as the Ivy League of the Mafia, the family is still the strongest and biggest of the Five Families (the family size has historically varied from 250 to 470 made men; current membership is around 275-300 made men). The oldest of the New York families, it was known as the Morello crime family and eventually came under the control of Morello capo [[BadBoss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria]], who had a penchant for violence and was notoriously greedy. His heavy-handed attempts to strong arm and control the other Italian gangs, especially the Williamsburg-based Castellammarese gang, led to a bloody turf war in 1928; the Castellammarese War claimed at least 150+ lives and dragged on until Masseria was gunned down at a Coney Island restaurant in 1931. [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore]] [[EntitledBastard Maranzano]], now the nominal victor of this turf war, [[ItsAllAboutMe immediately wasted no time into reorganizing the Five Families (and by extension, the entire Mafia) under his control by declaring himself the boss of bosses;]] the [[YoungGun Young Turks]], led by an upstart gangster named [[MagnificentBastard Charles]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda "Lucky" Luciano]](the [[YoungGun Young Turks were a younger generation of Americanized mafiosi]], and were swayed by Maranzano into fighting for him), realized that Maranzano was much [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem greedier]] [[ItsAllAboutMe than they thought.]] So, they decided that the boss of all bosses had to go, and Luciano takes over in September of 1931 after Maranzano was eliminated. With the old guard out of the way, Luciano can now consolidate his own power. Luciano then revolutionized the American Mafia by forming a Mafia Commission (and becoming its 1st chairman) to settle disputes and encouraging the other bosses to work with each other instead of "hitting the mattresses". However, he faced an indictment from Thomas Dewey for running a prostitution ring in 1937 and was deported back to Italy in 1946, where he worked with the Sicilian mafia to establish an international drug ring.trafficking empire. The family was taken over by Frank Costello, Luciano's consigliere and a key political fixer; he had huge gambling rackets in New York City and was craving to go legitimate. But Howerver, he was faced with facing a growing threat from [[DragonWithAnAgenda Vito Genovese]], who was Luciano's former underboss and was silently eliminating allies of Costello after returning to the United States in 1945 (notably Albert Anastasia and William "Willie Moore" Moretti). Genovese, with the sufficient backing of [[CoDragons Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese]], then ordered a hit on Costello in May of 1957; Costello manages to survive the hit (thanks to the gunman's unintentional warning, he managed to get away with only a scalp wound) and steps down to avoid further bloodshed. Later that year, Genovese ordered a hit on rival mob boss [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia]] and called for a meeting of major mob leaders to explain the power vacuum in New York that's been going on since the attempted botched hit on Costello, and as well as to discuss the drug trade. But, [[CriminalConvention the Apalachin Meeting]] proved to be turned into a big debacle fiasco as it exposed the Mafia to legal scrutiny for the first time, and the other bosses (notably [[TheStarscream Gambino and Lucchese,]] who switched sides and supported Costello, Luciano and Lansky) had him falsely implicated on a drug charge. Later, in 1963, a low-level soldier in his family named [[TheStoolPigeon Joe Valachi]] became the first made man to [[TheInformant flip and testify about the American Mafia's inner workings;]] Valachi feared Genovese ordered a hit on him, hence his reason to cooperate with federal authorities. Genovese continued to rule the family from prison (via ruling panels and acting bosses) until his death in 1969. Though the family was run by a series of "dummy" bosses after Genovese's death, Philip "Benny Squint" Lombardo (the family's street boss since 1962) was regarded as the ''[[TheChessmaster de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss and]] [[TheAllegedBoss had the final say in family matters, especially since 1969.]] Ill health forces Lombardo to step down and name [[DragonAscendant Vincent "Chin" Gigante]] (the alleged gunman behind the Costello hit) as his successor in 1981; [[TheAllegedBoss Gigante]] later names [[TheManBehindTheMan Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno as his "dummy" boss]]. Gigante further shielded himself from law enforcement scrutiny by [[ObfuscatingDisability feigning]] [[ObfuscatingInsanity insanity]] [[PlayingSick and]] [[ObfuscatingStupidity pretending to have a low IQ]]; this ruse worked until 1997, when he was imprisoned for multiple racketeering and murder charges. He ran the family from prison until his death in 2005, and since his death, it is implied the family now uses a ruling panel of capos to manage its daily affairs and to avoid FBI attention, with [[TheManBehindTheMan Liborio "Barney" Bellomo (a protege of Vincent Gigante and the head capo of the 116th Street crew)]] pretty much having [[TheAllegedBoss the final say on family matters]], in a matter that's reminiscent of Philip Lombardo in the 1970s.



* '''Lucchese crime family''' - Has a large presence in the Bronx (especially Morris Park, Arthur Avenue, Pelham Bay and Throggs Neck), East Harlem, Westchester, New England and northern New Jersey, with smaller crews and factions in lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, Queens and Florida. The family began as a splinter crew of the Morello family, taking over its rackets in the Bronx. It was something of the Franz Ferdinand of the Castellammarese War, as Masseria's attempt to violently replace the family's boss ended up throwing the rest of the family under the sway of Maranzano and starting open conflict between the two groups. Widely reckoned as the smallest (The family manpower has often hovered between 120 and 160 made men) and most peaceful family of the Five Families (until the 1980s), the family's first official boss was Tommy Gagliano, who preferred to keep a low profile. He expanded the family's grip on the Garment District and often used his underboss, [[DragonInChief Tommy Lucchese]] to do business with the other families. Gagliano died in 1951, but [[DragonAscendant names Lucchese as his successor]] before his death. Lucchese continued to maintain the family's grip on the Garment District, and soon controlled trucking rackets at the new Idlewild (now JFK) Airport; he also built close relations with Tammany Hall (the local Democratic Party political machine) and with politicians such as Carmine DeSapio, Robert F. Wagner and Vincent Impellitteri while jockeying with Frank Costello over the control of Tammany Hall. [[DragonInChief Lucchese]] also backed [[BigBadWannabe Vito Genovese]] and Carlo Gambino in their fights to take control of their respective families, but chose to build a closer relationship with [[VillainousFriendship Gambino]] after the Apalachin Meeting of 1957 (Gambino's son married his daughter in 1962, and in return, [[BigBadDuumvirate Lucchese gave Gambino access to rackets at JFK Airport]]). Lucchese later died of cancer in 1967, and was replaced by Carmine Tramunti, who had a good relationship with the other bosses; Tramunti later branched out in construction and narcotics trafficking. Tony "Ducks" Corallo took over as boss in 1973 after Tramunti was indicted and convicted for narcotics trafficking in the French Connection case. Under Corallo's reign, one of the most infamous robberies took place - the Lufthansa Heist. It occurred when several truck hijackers linked to Jimmy "the Gent" Burke and Paul Vario ran off with nearly $6 million in cash and jewelry. Corallo, facing life imprisonment following the Mafia Commission trial, named [[BadBoss Victor Amuso]] and [[DragonInChief Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso]] as the [[DragonAscendant new boss and underboss]], respectively, in 1987, but it proved to be a disaster, as [[BigBadDuumvirate Amuso and Casso]] were known to be [[AxCrazy violent hitmen and drug traffickers]] (the two of them came from the Brooklyn faction; their predecessors came from the Bronx-East Harlem faction). [[BadBoss Soon enough, they ordered anybody that was a purported informant to be marked for death]] (this forced ''actual'' [[DefectorFromDecadence wiseguys in the family to flip]] because of the increasingly erratic behavior of Amuso and Casso); Amuso even ordered the [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem whacking of the entire New Jersey Crew,]] when they failed to show up for a meeting and [[BadBoss pay a hefty tribute]] (they actually demoted the Jersey crew's head capo, Anthony Accetturo, to the mere rank of a soldier and replaced him with an Amuso loyalist; Accetturo later [[TheInformant flipped]] when [[WouldHitAGirl Amuso ordered a hit on his wife,]] [[EvenEvilHasStandards despite the Mafia's longtime ban on harming women]]), but never went through with it because of massive indictments against many mafiosi at the time. Both Amuso and Casso were captured in 1993, but the latter decided to [[TheInformant flip]] [[TheStoolPigeon in 1994]], revealing that [[DirtyCop two NYPD officers]] named [[LawmanGoneBad Louis Eppolito and Steven Caracappa]] were on the Lucchese family's payroll for several years, working as [[KillerCop contract killers]] for the Mafia (Eppolito even had relatives who were in the mob, but could never become made because he was a cop). Both of them were sentenced to life imprisonment, but Casso was thrown out of the Witness Program in 1998 for numerous infractions. Amuso still runs the battered Lucchese family to this day via the help of ruling panels and acting bosses, a trait shared with the other Mafia families in New York.

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* '''Lucchese crime family''' - Has a large presence in the Bronx (especially Morris Park, Arthur Avenue, Pelham Bay and Throggs Neck), East Harlem, Westchester, New England and northern New Jersey, with smaller crews and factions in lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, Queens and Florida. The family began as a splinter crew of the Morello family, taking over its rackets in the Bronx. It was something of the Franz Ferdinand of the Castellammarese War, as Masseria's attempt to violently replace the family's boss ended up throwing the rest of the family under the sway of Maranzano and starting open conflict between the two groups. Widely reckoned as the smallest (The family manpower has often hovered between 120 and 160 made men) and most peaceful family of the Five Families (until the 1980s), the family's first official boss was Tommy Gagliano, who preferred to keep a low profile. He expanded the family's grip on the Garment District and often used his underboss, [[DragonInChief Tommy Lucchese]] to do business with the other families. Gagliano died in 1951, but [[DragonAscendant names Lucchese as his successor]] before his death. Lucchese continued to maintain the family's grip on the Garment District, and soon controlled trucking rackets at the new Idlewild (now JFK) Airport; he also built close relations with Tammany Hall (the local Democratic Party political machine) and with politicians such as Carmine DeSapio, Robert F. Wagner and Vincent Impellitteri while jockeying with Frank Costello over the control of Tammany Hall. [[DragonInChief Lucchese]] also backed [[BigBadWannabe Vito Genovese]] and Carlo Gambino in their fights to take control of their respective families, but chose to build a closer relationship with [[VillainousFriendship Gambino]] after the Apalachin Meeting of 1957 (Gambino's son married his daughter in 1962, and in return, [[BigBadDuumvirate Lucchese gave Gambino access to rackets at JFK Airport]]). Lucchese later died of cancer in 1967, and was replaced by Carmine Tramunti, who had a good relationship with the other bosses; Tramunti later branched out in construction and narcotics trafficking. Tony "Ducks" Corallo took over as boss in 1973 after Tramunti was indicted and convicted for narcotics trafficking in the French Connection case. Under Corallo's reign, one of the most infamous robberies took place - the Lufthansa Heist. It occurred when several truck hijackers linked to Jimmy "the Gent" Burke and Paul Vario ran off with nearly $6 million in cash and jewelry. Corallo, facing life imprisonment following the Mafia Commission trial, named [[BadBoss Victor Amuso]] and [[DragonInChief Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso]] as the [[DragonAscendant new boss and underboss]], respectively, in 1987, but it proved to be a disaster, as [[BigBadDuumvirate Amuso and Casso]] were known to be [[AxCrazy violent hitmen and drug traffickers]] (the two of them came from the Brooklyn faction; their predecessors came from the Bronx-East Harlem faction). [[BadBoss Soon enough, they ordered anybody that was a purported informant to be marked for death]] (this (this, in fact, forced ''actual'' [[DefectorFromDecadence wiseguys in the family to flip]] because of the increasingly erratic behavior of Amuso and Casso); Amuso even ordered the [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem whacking of the entire New Jersey Crew,]] when they failed to show up for a meeting and [[BadBoss pay a hefty tribute]] (they actually demoted the Jersey crew's head capo, Anthony Accetturo, to the mere rank of a soldier and replaced him with an Amuso loyalist; Accetturo later [[TheInformant flipped]] when [[WouldHitAGirl Amuso ordered a hit on his wife,]] [[EvenEvilHasStandards despite the Mafia's longtime ban on harming women]]), but never went through with it because of massive indictments against many mafiosi at the time. Both Amuso and Casso were captured in 1993, but the latter decided to [[TheInformant flip]] [[TheStoolPigeon in 1994]], revealing that [[DirtyCop two NYPD officers]] named [[LawmanGoneBad Louis Eppolito and Steven Caracappa]] were on the Lucchese family's payroll for several years, working as [[KillerCop contract killers]] for the Mafia (Eppolito even had relatives who were in the mob, but could never become made because he was a cop). Both of them Eppolito and Caracappa were sentenced to life imprisonment, but Casso was thrown out of the Witness Program in 1998 for numerous infractions. Amuso still runs the battered Lucchese family to this day via the help of ruling panels and acting bosses, a trait shared with the other Mafia families in New York.
12th Jan '17 1:30:43 PM Njein
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However, things didn't go well for Luciano, and he was deported back to Italy in 1946 following his conviction for running a prostitution ring; he later formed ties with the Sicilian Mafia to distribute drugs in the United States. It was at this time that the Mafia started considering dealing in drug trafficking, and it immediately split into two camps; the pro-drug trafficking faction believed that it was a lucrative business, while the anti-drugs faction thought drugs were bad for business and would bring attention. The pro-drug trafficking faction eventually won out, and many lower-ranking mobsters began to deal with the Sicilians and other drug traffickers to import narcotics into the USA. Joe Bonanno, the boss of the Bonanno crime family, had crews that were actively dealing in drugs, and even set up Montreal as an outpost for importing heroin into the United States. Carlo Gambino, boss of the Gambino family, used Zips (imported Sicilian mafiosi) to import heroin via his cousins, while Vito Genovese actively pushed for narcotics trafficking, but was imprisoned on presumably trumped up charges of drug dealing. Despite a ban on narcotics trafficking imposed in the 1950s, many families often dealt drugs on the sly to avoid any heat from the law, and bosses such as Paul Castellano (Carlo Gambino's cousin and brother-in-law) turned a blind eye and generally tolerated it as long as no made man was caught dealing drugs.

The Kefauver hearings in 1951 determined that a vast criminal conspiracy operated by Italian mobsters did exist behind the scenes, and the [[CriminalConvention Apalachin Meeting of 1957]] really confirmed its existence. [[CriminalConvention The meeting in Apalachin]] was set up by [[BigBadWannabe Vito]] [[TheStarscream Genovese, Luciano's former underboss]], who aimed to wrest control of the Genovese family from Frank Costello, his main rival and to become [[BigBadWannabe the Boss of all Bosses by eliminating]] [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia, the boss of the Mangano (now Gambino) family in October of 1957.]] Around 100 mobsters attended [[CriminalConvention the meeting]] at this small town not far from Binghamton, New York, but it turned into a big disaster when a curious state trooper got wind of it (and sent in reinforcements). More than 60 mobsters were caught including Genovese himself; others nabbed include Carlo Gambino, Paul Castellano, Joe Profaci and Santo Trafficante; Tommy Lucchese and Sam Giancana themselves eluded capture, while Joe Bonanno claimed he was not there at the meeting despite being caught by state troopers in a nearby cornfield. Genovese was blamed for this debacle, and he ended up in prison for trumped-up charges on narcotics trafficking in 1959. Another blow to the mob came in 1963 when a low-level soldier named Joe Valachi became the first made man to flip by providing a glimpse into the inner workings of the Mafia. At this time, the FBI started to put more effort into organized crime activities, and the passage of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) in 1970 also helped federal prosecutors in building cases against individual mobsters and their families.

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However, things didn't go well for Luciano, and he was deported back to Italy in 1946 following his conviction for running a prostitution ring; he later formed ties with the Sicilian Mafia to distribute drugs in the United States. It was at this time that the Mafia started considering dealing in drug trafficking, and it immediately split into two camps; the pro-drug trafficking faction believed that it was a lucrative business, while the anti-drugs faction thought drugs were bad for business and would bring attention. The pro-drug trafficking faction eventually won out, and many lower-ranking mobsters began to deal with the Sicilians and other drug traffickers to import narcotics into the USA. Joe Bonanno, the boss of the Bonanno crime family, had crews that were actively dealing in drugs, and even set up Montreal as an outpost for importing heroin into the United States. Carlo Gambino, boss of the Gambino family, used Zips (imported Sicilian mafiosi) to import heroin via his cousins, while Vito Genovese actively pushed for narcotics trafficking, but was imprisoned on presumably trumped up charges of drug dealing. Despite a ban "ban" on narcotics trafficking imposed in the 1950s, many families often dealt drugs on the sly to avoid any heat from the law, sly, and bosses such as Paul Castellano (Carlo Gambino's cousin and brother-in-law) turned a blind eye and generally tolerated it as long as no made man was caught dealing drugs.

The Kefauver hearings in 1951 determined that a vast criminal conspiracy operated by Italian mobsters did exist behind the scenes, and the [[CriminalConvention Apalachin Meeting of 1957]] really confirmed its existence. [[CriminalConvention The meeting in Apalachin]] was set up by [[BigBadWannabe Vito]] [[TheStarscream Genovese, Luciano's former underboss]], who aimed to wrest control of the Genovese family from Frank Costello, his main rival and to become [[BigBadWannabe the Boss of all Bosses by eliminating]] [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia, the boss of the Mangano (now Gambino) family in October of 1957.]] Around 100 mobsters attended [[CriminalConvention the meeting]] at this small town not far from Binghamton, New York, but it turned into a big disaster when a curious state trooper got wind of it (and sent in reinforcements). More than 60 mobsters were caught including Genovese himself; others nabbed include Carlo Gambino, Paul Castellano, Joe Profaci and Santo Trafficante; Tommy Lucchese and Sam Giancana themselves eluded capture, while Joe Bonanno claimed he was not there at the meeting despite being caught by state troopers in a nearby cornfield. Genovese was blamed for this debacle, and he ended up in prison for trumped-up charges on narcotics trafficking in 1959. Another big blow to the mob came in 1963 when a low-level soldier named Joe Valachi became the first made man to flip by providing a glimpse into the inner workings of the Mafia. At this time, the FBI started to put more effort into organized crime activities, and the passage of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) in 1970 also helped federal prosecutors in building cases against individual mobsters and their families.



* '''Pornography''': Prostitution became another moneymaker for the mafia, as they began to infiltrate peep show booths, porn distributors and child pornography, especially around Times Square, during the [[BigRottenApple decline of New York City in the 1970s]]. The Gambino family had interests in that area, especially through Robert Di Bernardo, who was one of the very few thought to have become 'made' in the Mafia without committing a murder. His name was later used to discredit Geraldine Ferraro's run for the US Senate in the 1990s, when her ties with the mobster were questioned. Lucky Luciano was accused of pandering and deported back to Italy, despite little or no evidence that he was actually running prostitution rings. Michael "Mikey Z" Zaffarano, a now-deceased capo in the Bonanno family, even had interests in adult-only movie theaters.

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* '''Pornography''': Prostitution became another moneymaker for the mafia, as they began to infiltrate peep show booths, porn distributors and child pornography, especially around Times Square, during the [[BigRottenApple decline of New York City in the 1970s]]. The Gambino family had interests in that area, especially through Robert Di Bernardo, [=DiBernardo=], who was one of the very few thought to have become 'made' in the Mafia without committing a murder. His name was later used to discredit Geraldine Ferraro's run for the US Senate in the 1990s, when her ties with the mobster were questioned. Lucky Luciano was accused of pandering and deported back to Italy, despite little or no evidence that he was actually running prostitution rings. Michael "Mikey Z" Zaffarano, a now-deceased capo in the Bonanno family, even had interests in adult-only movie theaters.



* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, Bushwick, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), Queens (especially Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, South Brooklyn, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family (its manpower has often hovered between 150 and 200 made men), it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), this crime family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe Bonanno]] had bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher (the Bonannos were notorious for specializing in heroin trafficking since the 1950s, when Bonanno sent Galante to Montreal so that they could import heroin into the United States from Bonanno's contacts in Sicily; for this very reason, the Bonanno family was nicknamed the "heroin" family), attempted to become the boss but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] The Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and constant infighting since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had one of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NobleTopEnforcer Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death sentence in 2004 after one of the murders was linked to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn state's evidence]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleauges and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2011.

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* '''Bonanno crime family''' - Has a huge presence in northern Brooklyn (especially Williamsburg, Bushwick, Bensonhurst, Bath Avenue, Knickerbocker Avenue and Greenpoint), Queens (especially Ridgewood, Maspeth, Middle Village, Sunnyside and Metropolitan Avenue) and Staten Island with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, South Brooklyn, New Jersey, Florida and Canada (the family had a crew in Tucson, AZ until Joe Bonanno's forced retirement in the 1960s); the family also has a "Zip" faction. Though a mid-sized family (its manpower has often hovered between 150 and 200 made men), it sometimes held the number one spot, especially with the feds hammering down indictments on the other families in the 1990s. Oftentimes the unruliest of the Five Families (owing to its independent streak since the Castellammarese War; the family's generally disruptive behavior even threw them out of the Commission in the 1980s), this crime family originally hailed from Castellammare del Golfo, a small seaside town in western Sicily. Many of its earliest members came from this town and settled down in Williamsburg, Brooklyn (including family namesake Joe Bonanno, who took over after Maranzano's death in 1931); the family was very tight-knit and considered to be the most Sicilian of the Five Families (this was because most of them came from Castellammare del Golfo or had personal ties to that region). Eventually, the family came under the control of Salvatore Maranzano (he came to the United States after escaping from Mussolini's death squads in the 1920s), who fancied himself as a mob version of Caesar; Joe Masseria (the boss of the Genovese family and a very greedy man) soon noticed him, saw Maranzano as a growing threat to his power, and tried to violently take over the Castellammarese gang's bootlegging rackets. Maranzano resisted, and this led to a [[MobWar turf war]] that only ended with Masseria's death in 1931. With Masseria out of the way, [[BigBad Maranzano]] declared [[BigBadWannabe himself to be the Boss of all Bosses]], [[TheStarscream reneging on the peace deal]] he made with Lucky Luciano prior to Masseria's death to ensure peace between the two sides. [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem The power went into his head,]] and he too was eliminated by Luciano in late 1931, who sent hitmen to his office posing as IRS agents (Maranzano was facing an IRS audit like Al Capone before him, and using this info, Luciano makes a move before Maranzano gets him). With Maranzano eliminated, [[DragonAscendant his protege and ambitious underboss Joe Bonanno]] took over in late 1931. Bonanno even forged close ties with Joe Profaci, boss of the Profaci (now Colombo) crime family and with Steve Magaddino (his cousin and boss of the Buffalo family); he even became a major drug trafficker despite denying any involvement. But, [[BigBadWannabe Bonanno]] had bigger ambitions and sought to become [[TheChessmaster the boss of bosses]] (after Vito Genovese failed in his own bid to become the Mafia's kingmaker) by eliminating several of his rivals (notably Gambino and Lucchese) on the Commission in the 1960s; however, this plot was exposed when [[TheStarscream Joe]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda Colombo]] (a capo in the Profaci family and the designated gunman) [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder told about Bonanno's plot to Gambino and the rest of the Commission.]] Bonanno was ordered to come forward several times but each time, he was a no-show, and simply fled New York by faking his own kidnapping in late 1964 (at the same time, he was facing a grand jury subpoena). The Commission replaced him with one of his capos, Gaspar [=DiGregorio=], but [=DiGregorio's=] position as boss wasn't acknowledged by Bill Bonanno (Joe Bonanno's son), triggering an [[MobWar internal turf war]] that only ended when Bonanno was forced to retire to Tucson, Arizona in 1968. The family's troubles (following Bonanno's retirement, it was known to have a revolving door of weak and ineffectual bosses in the 1970s) did not end as [[AxCrazy Carmine Galante]], a former [[DragonAscendant underboss]] to Joe Bonanno and known drug pusher (the Bonannos were notorious for specializing in heroin trafficking since the 1950s, when Bonanno sent Galante to Montreal so that they could import heroin into the United States from Bonanno's contacts in Sicily; for this very reason, the Bonanno family was nicknamed the "heroin" family), pusher, attempted to become the boss seize control but he was eliminated in 1979, allowing Philip Rastelli to regain control of the family (he was originally installed as boss in 1973, but faced a lengthy prison sentence for racketeering). Rastelli then faced another challenge from [[AvengingTheVillain several Galante loyalists]] who thought he was too ineffectual to run the family and wanted to avenge Galante's death; they too were eliminated by Rastelli supporters led by [[TheDragon Joe Massino, his protege and underboss.]] The But the Donnie Brasco incident (in which an FBI agent infiltrated one of the crews and almost got made), however, did throw the Bonannos out of the Commission (other reasons for being stripped of their Commission seat included their generally disruptive behavior, the fact that they were notorious for being drug pushers and the constant infighting that's been going on since Joe Bonanno's ouster in 1968) for most of the 1980s (Sonny Black Napolitano, whose crew was unwittingly infiltrated by Joe Pistone aka "Donnie Brasco", ended up dead and his hands were chopped off as a warning to others to never shake hands with law enforcement; several other wiseguys connected to Sonny Black were either dead, demoted in rank or imprisoned); by this time, they were largely regarded as a [[IncompetenceInc joke]] by both the FBI and wiseguys in the other families. However, being stripped of their Commission seat actually worked to the [[NotSoHarmlessVillain Bonannos']] favor as they were the only one of the Five Families to avoid an indictment on the Mafia Commission Trial, thus allowing them to quietly rebuild their lost power base while the other families were hammered down with indictments, lengthy prison sentences and [[TheInformant mobsters flipping to save their skin.]] [[DragonAscendant Massino]], Rastelli's underboss, took over as boss in 1991, and he quickly worked to rebuild the family to its former glory by the dawn of the millennium by adding new made members (bringing the family membership back to approx. 160 made men), and expanding into Wall Street scams, union racketeering and white-collar fraud; Massino was even proud that the Bonanno family never had one of its wiseguys flip since 1931. But this came crashing down in 2002 when several of his button men [[TheStoolPigeon flipped]] (especially [[NobleTopEnforcer Salvatore "Good-Looking Sal" Vitale]], who regarded Massino as a older brother-like figure to him; but once Massino gets out of jail in 1992, their relationship becomes shaky to the point that Massino wants to eliminate him, and this becomes the catalyst for Vitale to [[TheInformant flip]] in 2003), and Massino faced a lengthy prison sentence; it was upgraded to the death sentence in 2004 after one of the murders was linked to him. In hopes of saving his life, he became the [[TheStoolPigeon first]] [[TheInformant official boss of a crime family to turn state's evidence]], testifying against Vincent "Vinny Gorgeous" Basciano, his handpicked successor, in 2005. Once again, the Bonannos are now in shambles after [[TheInformant Massino flipped]] against his former mob colleauges colleagues and are still struggling to rebuild themselves in the aftermath. The family is now headed by Michael Mancuso, who took over as boss following Basciano's imprisonment in 2011.



* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Gambinos' Sicilian faction, and the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- this campaign was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt), and began to target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his henchmen and fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over as boss following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.

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* '''Gambino crime family''' - Big presence in southern and western Brooklyn (notably Bay Ridge, Bath Beach, Gravesend, Bensonhurst and the Brooklyn docks), Queens (especially Howard Beach, the Rockaways and JFK Airport), Long Island and Staten Island, with smaller crews and factions in Manhattan, the Bronx, Westchester, New England, New Jersey and Florida (the family once had a crew based in Baltimore until the 1990s); the family also has a big "Zip" faction (the Cherry Hill Gambinos). Once the biggest crime family (under [[TheChessmaster Carlo Gambino's]] reign, it had around 450 made men, but that has since dipped to approx. 225-250 made men in the 1990s), it is now a former shell of itself due to [[ItsAllAboutMe John Gotti's media antics]] and subsequent imprisonment in 1992. The family had its origins in the large Brooklyn faction of the Morello (now Genovese) crime family, and broke off into its own family. It first came to prominence under the Mangano brothers (Phil and Vincent), who held an iron fist over the Brooklyn waterfront, thanks to their underboss [[DragonWithAnAgenda Albert]] [[TheStarscream Anastasia]], but the relationship between Anastasia and the Mangano brothers was an uneasy one from the start. Anastasia later took over as boss after eliminating the Mangano brothers in 1951 (Phil's body was found in a swamp in Brooklyn, while Vincent vanished without a trace), and was known to be a ruthless boss (thanks to his prior experience as the head of Murder, Inc. in the 1930s). However, Anastasia's past would come back to bite him (he had murdered his own boss without the Commission's approval), and he was assassinated in a famous gangland hit in 1957 (orchestrated by [[BigBadDuumvirate Carlo Gambino and Vito Genovese]]). [[TheStarscream Carlo Gambino]], [[DragonWithAnAgenda the family's namesake and Anastasia's underboss]], later took over as boss and led it to prosperous times, thanks [[VillainousFriendship to his ties with Tommy Lucchese, the boss of the Lucchese family]] - both of them would further solidify this alliance into a relationship when Gambino's son married Lucchese's daughter in 1962. Gambino later became the Mafia's '''de facto''' [[TheChessmaster boss of all bosses]] as the other families in New York and elsewhere were facing various troubles, such as illness (for the Lucchese family), internal warfare (within the Bonanno and Joseph Colombo families) and legal problems (within the Genovese family and Chicago Outfit). But Gambino's biggest mistake (prior to his death in 1976) was naming his cousin Paul Castellano as his heir over his underboss [[TheDragon Neil Dellacroce]] (who was the most likely candidate for succeeding Gambino, but was imprisoned at the time for tax evasion); splitting the family into two factions (the pro-Dellacroce faction, which was led by [[MookLieutenant John Gotti]], believed that Castellano did not earn his stripes on the street, and was seen as a pampered [[YesMan yes-man]] and sycophant who inherited the position because of his blood ties to Gambino despite being a big earner for the family). Though he disapproved of Gambino's choice of picking his cousin as boss, Dellacroce still managed to keep the peace between the two factions for the next 9 years until his death from cancer in 1985. Despite this, there were simmering tensions between Gotti and Castellano, as the latter became increasingly greedy; Castellano even began to demand a 15% tribute (instead of the usual 10%) in some cases; though there was a "ban" placed by Gambino, who ordered his men not to get caught dealing drugs, this was often flouted as even Castellano often turned a blind eye to this "ban" by accepting drug payments from several of his capos, including the Gambinos' Sicilian faction, and the Gotti and [=DeMeo=] crews. At this time, the federal government was spearheading a crackdown on organized crime, especially the Mafia -- this campaign it was spearheaded by Rudolph Giuliani, an aggressive US Attorney who saw the mob with nothing but contempt), contempt -- and began to target the Five Families' leadership, with Castellano topping the list because he was the Mafia Commission's chairman at the time. By 1985, Castellano was in a slew of problems, ranging from legal pressure from the federal government, personal problems with his family (after they found out about his affair with his maid) and dissension among the ranks within the Gambino family, especially from the Dellacroce/blue-collar crews. After Dellacroce's death from cancer, Castellano was gunned down outside Sparks Steak House a few weeks later on the orders of Gotti, who was reportedly angry that Castellano was a no-show at his mentor Dellacroce's funeral (other reasons included Castellano's greed, the possibility of Castellano flipping in the wake of the Commission case because he often badmouthed his henchmen and fellow bosses and a fear that he might kill Gotti in a dispute over the family's "ban" on drug dealing). Gotti took over as boss following Castellano's assassination, but his tenure was marred by frequent indictments (he was under intense FBI scrutiny since the 1960s, something which increased after he became boss), repeated assassination attempts by rival families (notably the Genovese and Lucchese families, whose bosses were outraged at the unsanctioned hit on Castellano), and [[ItsAllAboutMe his media-hungry profile.]] By the early 1990s, [[NotWhatISignedOnFor Sammy Gravano (his underboss)]], [[DefectorFromDecadence fed up]] with Gotti's antics, [[TheStoolPigeon decided to]] [[TheInformant cooperate with the FBI.]] Gotti was imprisoned for life in 1992 after ducking several attempts by federal prosecutors to have him indicted, and subsequently died of cancer 10 years later; his brother Peter took over as boss in 2002, but he too was imprisoned for life, and still runs the family from behind bars. Since then, the family has been quietly rebuilding its former shell after John Gotti's demise.



* '''Genovese crime family''' - Large presence in Manhattan (notably Little Italy, 116th Street/East Harlem, Lower East Side, Greenwich Village and the Manhattan/New Jersey waterfronts), the Bronx (primarily in Morris Park, Pelham Bay and Arthur Avenue), Westchester, northern New Jersey and Connecticut, with smaller crews and factions in Queens, Brooklyn and Florida (the family also has a small crew in Springfield, Massachusetts). Regarded as the Ivy League of the Mafia, the family is still the strongest and biggest of the Five Families (the family size has historically varied from 250 to 450 made men, and currently has approx. 275-300 made men). The oldest of the New York families, it was known as the Morello crime family and eventually came under the control of Morello capo [[BadBoss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria]], who had a penchant for violence and was notoriously greedy. His heavy-handed attempts to strong arm and control the other Italian gangs, especially the Williamsburg-based Castellammarese gang, led to a bloody turf war in 1928; the Castellammarese War claimed at least 150+ lives and dragged on until Masseria was gunned down at a Coney Island restaurant in 1931. [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore]] [[EntitledBastard Maranzano]], now the nominal victor of this turf war, [[ItsAllAboutMe immediately wasted no time into reorganizing the Five Families (and by extension, the entire Mafia) under his control by declaring himself the boss of bosses;]] the [[YoungGun Young Turks]], led by an upstart gangster named [[MagnificentBastard Charles]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda "Lucky" Luciano]](the [[YoungGun Young Turks were a younger generation of Americanized mafiosi]], and were swayed by Maranzano into fighting for him), realized that Maranzano was much [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem greedier]] [[ItsAllAboutMe than they thought.]] So, they decided that the boss of all bosses had to go, and Luciano takes over in September of 1931 after Maranzano was eliminated. With the old guard out of the way, Luciano can now consolidate his own power. Luciano then revolutionized the American Mafia by forming a Mafia Commission (and becoming its 1st chairman) to settle disputes and encouraging the other bosses to work with each other instead of "hitting the mattresses". However, he faced an indictment from Thomas Dewey for running a prostitution ring in 1937 and was deported back to Italy in 1946, where he worked with the Sicilian mafia to establish an international drug ring. The family was taken over by Frank Costello, Luciano's consigliere and a key political fixer; he had huge gambling rackets in New York City and was craving to go legitimate. But he was faced with a growing threat from [[DragonWithAnAgenda Vito Genovese]], who was Luciano's former underboss and was silently eliminating allies of Costello after returning to the United States in 1945 (notably Albert Anastasia and William "Willie Moore" Moretti). Genovese, with the sufficient backing of [[CoDragons Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese]], then ordered a hit on Costello in May of 1957; Costello manages to survive the hit (thanks to the gunman's unintentional warning, he managed to get away with only a scalp wound) and steps down to avoid further bloodshed. Later that year, Genovese ordered a hit on rival mob boss [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia]] and called for a meeting of major mob leaders to explain the power vacuum in New York that's been going on since the attempted hit on Costello, and as well as to discuss the drug trade. But, [[CriminalConvention the Apalachin Meeting]] proved to be a big debacle as it exposed the Mafia to legal scrutiny for the first time, and the other bosses (notably [[TheStarscream Gambino and Lucchese,]] who switched sides and supported Costello, Luciano and Lansky) had him falsely implicated on a drug charge. Later, in 1963, a low-level soldier in his family named [[TheStoolPigeon Joe Valachi]] became the first made man to [[TheInformant flip and testify about the American Mafia's inner workings;]] Valachi feared Genovese ordered a hit on him, hence his reason to cooperate with federal authorities. Genovese continued to rule the family from prison (via ruling panels and acting bosses) until his death in 1969. Though the family was run by a series of "dummy" bosses after Genovese's death, Philip "Benny Squint" Lombardo (the family's street boss since 1962) was regarded as the ''[[TheChessmaster de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss and]] [[TheAllegedBoss had the final say in family matters, especially since 1969.]] Ill health forces Lombardo to step down and name [[DragonAscendant Vincent "Chin" Gigante]] (the alleged gunman behind the Costello hit) as his successor in 1981; [[TheAllegedBoss Gigante]] later names [[TheManBehindTheMan Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno as his "dummy" boss]]. Gigante further shielded himself from law enforcement scrutiny by [[ObfuscatingDisability feigning]] [[ObfuscatingInsanity insanity]] [[PlayingSick and]] [[ObfuscatingStupidity pretending to have a low IQ]]; this ruse worked until 1997, when he was imprisoned for multiple racketeering and murder charges. He ran the family from prison until his death in 2005, and since his death, it is implied the family now uses a ruling panel of capos to manage its daily affairs and to avoid FBI attention, with [[TheManBehindTheMan Liborio "Barney" Bellomo (a protege of Vincent Gigante and the head capo of the 116th Street crew)]] pretty much having [[TheAllegedBoss the final say on family matters]], in a matter that's reminiscent of Philip Lombardo in the 1970s.

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* '''Genovese crime family''' - Large presence in Manhattan (notably Little Italy, 116th Street/East Harlem, Lower East Side, Greenwich Village and the Manhattan/New Jersey waterfronts), the Bronx (primarily in Morris Park, Pelham Bay and Arthur Avenue), Westchester, northern New Jersey and Connecticut, with smaller crews and factions in Queens, Brooklyn and Florida (the family also has a small crew in Springfield, Massachusetts). Regarded as the Ivy League of the Mafia, the family is still the strongest and biggest of the Five Families (the family size has historically varied from 250 to 450 470 made men, and currently has approx. men; current membership is around 275-300 made men). The oldest of the New York families, it was known as the Morello crime family and eventually came under the control of Morello capo [[BadBoss Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria]], who had a penchant for violence and was notoriously greedy. His heavy-handed attempts to strong arm and control the other Italian gangs, especially the Williamsburg-based Castellammarese gang, led to a bloody turf war in 1928; the Castellammarese War claimed at least 150+ lives and dragged on until Masseria was gunned down at a Coney Island restaurant in 1931. [[BigBadWannabe Salvatore]] [[EntitledBastard Maranzano]], now the nominal victor of this turf war, [[ItsAllAboutMe immediately wasted no time into reorganizing the Five Families (and by extension, the entire Mafia) under his control by declaring himself the boss of bosses;]] the [[YoungGun Young Turks]], led by an upstart gangster named [[MagnificentBastard Charles]] [[DragonWithAnAgenda "Lucky" Luciano]](the [[YoungGun Young Turks were a younger generation of Americanized mafiosi]], and were swayed by Maranzano into fighting for him), realized that Maranzano was much [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem greedier]] [[ItsAllAboutMe than they thought.]] So, they decided that the boss of all bosses had to go, and Luciano takes over in September of 1931 after Maranzano was eliminated. With the old guard out of the way, Luciano can now consolidate his own power. Luciano then revolutionized the American Mafia by forming a Mafia Commission (and becoming its 1st chairman) to settle disputes and encouraging the other bosses to work with each other instead of "hitting the mattresses". However, he faced an indictment from Thomas Dewey for running a prostitution ring in 1937 and was deported back to Italy in 1946, where he worked with the Sicilian mafia to establish an international drug ring. The family was taken over by Frank Costello, Luciano's consigliere and a key political fixer; he had huge gambling rackets in New York City and was craving to go legitimate. But he was faced with a growing threat from [[DragonWithAnAgenda Vito Genovese]], who was Luciano's former underboss and was silently eliminating allies of Costello after returning to the United States in 1945 (notably Albert Anastasia and William "Willie Moore" Moretti). Genovese, with the sufficient backing of [[CoDragons Carlo Gambino and Tommy Lucchese]], then ordered a hit on Costello in May of 1957; Costello manages to survive the hit (thanks to the gunman's unintentional warning, he managed to get away with only a scalp wound) and steps down to avoid further bloodshed. Later that year, Genovese ordered a hit on rival mob boss [[AxCrazy Albert Anastasia]] and called for a meeting of major mob leaders to explain the power vacuum in New York that's been going on since the attempted hit on Costello, and as well as to discuss the drug trade. But, [[CriminalConvention the Apalachin Meeting]] proved to be a big debacle as it exposed the Mafia to legal scrutiny for the first time, and the other bosses (notably [[TheStarscream Gambino and Lucchese,]] who switched sides and supported Costello, Luciano and Lansky) had him falsely implicated on a drug charge. Later, in 1963, a low-level soldier in his family named [[TheStoolPigeon Joe Valachi]] became the first made man to [[TheInformant flip and testify about the American Mafia's inner workings;]] Valachi feared Genovese ordered a hit on him, hence his reason to cooperate with federal authorities. Genovese continued to rule the family from prison (via ruling panels and acting bosses) until his death in 1969. Though the family was run by a series of "dummy" bosses after Genovese's death, Philip "Benny Squint" Lombardo (the family's street boss since 1962) was regarded as the ''[[TheChessmaster de facto]]'' [[TheManBehindTheMan boss and]] [[TheAllegedBoss had the final say in family matters, especially since 1969.]] Ill health forces Lombardo to step down and name [[DragonAscendant Vincent "Chin" Gigante]] (the alleged gunman behind the Costello hit) as his successor in 1981; [[TheAllegedBoss Gigante]] later names [[TheManBehindTheMan Anthony "Fat Tony" Salerno as his "dummy" boss]]. Gigante further shielded himself from law enforcement scrutiny by [[ObfuscatingDisability feigning]] [[ObfuscatingInsanity insanity]] [[PlayingSick and]] [[ObfuscatingStupidity pretending to have a low IQ]]; this ruse worked until 1997, when he was imprisoned for multiple racketeering and murder charges. He ran the family from prison until his death in 2005, and since his death, it is implied the family now uses a ruling panel of capos to manage its daily affairs and to avoid FBI attention, with [[TheManBehindTheMan Liborio "Barney" Bellomo (a protege of Vincent Gigante and the head capo of the 116th Street crew)]] pretty much having [[TheAllegedBoss the final say on family matters]], in a matter that's reminiscent of Philip Lombardo in the 1970s.



* '''Lucchese crime family''' - Has a large presence in the Bronx (especially Morris Park, Arthur Avenue, Pelham Bay and Throggs Neck), East Harlem, Westchester, New England and northern New Jersey, with smaller crews and factions in lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, Queens and Florida. The family began as a splinter crew of the Morello family, taking over its rackets in the Bronx. It was something of the Franz Ferdinand of the Castellammarese War, as Masseria's attempt to violently replace the family's boss ended up throwing the rest of the family under the sway of Maranzano and starting open conflict between the two groups. Widely reckoned as the smallest (The family manpower has often hovered between 120 and 160 made men) and most peaceful family of the Five Families (until the 1980s), the family's first official boss was Tommy Gagliano, who preferred to keep a low profile. He expanded the family's grip on the Garment District and used his underboss, [[DragonInChief Tommy Lucchese]] to do business with the other families. Gagliano died in 1951, but [[DragonAscendant names Lucchese as his successor]] before dying. Lucchese continued to maintain the family's grip on the Garment District, and soon controlled trucking rackets at the new Idlewild (now JFK) Airport; he also built close relations with Tammany Hall (the local Democratic Party political machine) and with politicians such as Carmine DeSapio, Robert F. Wagner and Vincent Impellitteri while jockeying with Frank Costello over the control of Tammany Hall. [[DragonInChief Lucchese]] also backed [[BigBadWannabe Vito Genovese]] and Carlo Gambino in their fights to take control of their respective families, but chose to build a closer relationship with [[VillainousFriendship Gambino]] after the Apalachin Meeting of 1957 (Gambino's son married his daughter in 1962, and in return, [[BigBadDuumvirate Lucchese gave Gambino access to rackets at JFK Airport]]). Lucchese later died of cancer in 1967, and was replaced by Carmine Tramunti, who had a good relationship with the other bosses; Tramunti later branched out in construction and narcotics trafficking. Tony "Ducks" Corallo took over as boss in 1973 after Tramunti was indicted and convicted for narcotics trafficking in the French Connection case. Under Corallo's reign, one of the most infamous robberies took place - the Lufthansa Heist. It occurred when several truck hijackers linked to Jimmy "the Gent" Burke and Paul Vario ran off with nearly $6 million in cash and jewelry. Corallo, facing life imprisonment following the Mafia Commission trial, named [[BadBoss Victor Amuso]] and [[DragonInChief Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso]] as the [[DragonAscendant new boss and underboss]], respectively, in 1987, but it proved to be a disaster, as [[BigBadDuumvirate Amuso and Casso]] were known to be [[AxCrazy violent hitmen and drug traffickers]] (the two of them came from the Brooklyn faction; their predecessors came from the Bronx-East Harlem faction). [[BadBoss Soon enough, they ordered anybody that was a purported informant to be marked for death]] (this forced ''actual'' [[DefectorFromDecadence wiseguys in the family to flip]] because of the increasingly erratic behavior of Amuso and Casso); Amuso even ordered the [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem whacking of the entire New Jersey Crew,]] when they failed to show up for a meeting and [[BadBoss pay a hefty tribute]] (they actually demoted the Jersey crew's head capo, Anthony Accetturo, to the mere rank of a soldier and replaced him with an Amuso loyalist; Accetturo later [[TheInformant flipped]] when [[WouldHitAGirl Amuso ordered a hit on his wife,]] [[EvenEvilHasStandards despite the Mafia's longtime ban on harming women]]), but never went through with it because of massive indictments against many mafiosi at the time. Both Amuso and Casso were captured in 1993, but the latter decided to [[TheInformant flip]] [[TheStoolPigeon in 1994]], revealing that [[DirtyCop two NYPD officers]] named [[LawmanGoneBad Louis Eppolito and Steven Caracappa]] were on the Lucchese family's payroll for several years, working as [[KillerCop contract killers]] for the Mafia (Eppolito even had relatives who were in the mob, but could never become made because he was a cop). Both of them were sentenced to life imprisonment, but Casso was thrown out of the Witness Program in 1998 for numerous infractions. Amuso still runs the battered Lucchese family to this day via the help of ruling panels and acting bosses, a trait shared with the other Mafia families in New York.

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* '''Lucchese crime family''' - Has a large presence in the Bronx (especially Morris Park, Arthur Avenue, Pelham Bay and Throggs Neck), East Harlem, Westchester, New England and northern New Jersey, with smaller crews and factions in lower Manhattan, Brooklyn, Staten Island, Long Island, Queens and Florida. The family began as a splinter crew of the Morello family, taking over its rackets in the Bronx. It was something of the Franz Ferdinand of the Castellammarese War, as Masseria's attempt to violently replace the family's boss ended up throwing the rest of the family under the sway of Maranzano and starting open conflict between the two groups. Widely reckoned as the smallest (The family manpower has often hovered between 120 and 160 made men) and most peaceful family of the Five Families (until the 1980s), the family's first official boss was Tommy Gagliano, who preferred to keep a low profile. He expanded the family's grip on the Garment District and often used his underboss, [[DragonInChief Tommy Lucchese]] to do business with the other families. Gagliano died in 1951, but [[DragonAscendant names Lucchese as his successor]] before dying.his death. Lucchese continued to maintain the family's grip on the Garment District, and soon controlled trucking rackets at the new Idlewild (now JFK) Airport; he also built close relations with Tammany Hall (the local Democratic Party political machine) and with politicians such as Carmine DeSapio, Robert F. Wagner and Vincent Impellitteri while jockeying with Frank Costello over the control of Tammany Hall. [[DragonInChief Lucchese]] also backed [[BigBadWannabe Vito Genovese]] and Carlo Gambino in their fights to take control of their respective families, but chose to build a closer relationship with [[VillainousFriendship Gambino]] after the Apalachin Meeting of 1957 (Gambino's son married his daughter in 1962, and in return, [[BigBadDuumvirate Lucchese gave Gambino access to rackets at JFK Airport]]). Lucchese later died of cancer in 1967, and was replaced by Carmine Tramunti, who had a good relationship with the other bosses; Tramunti later branched out in construction and narcotics trafficking. Tony "Ducks" Corallo took over as boss in 1973 after Tramunti was indicted and convicted for narcotics trafficking in the French Connection case. Under Corallo's reign, one of the most infamous robberies took place - the Lufthansa Heist. It occurred when several truck hijackers linked to Jimmy "the Gent" Burke and Paul Vario ran off with nearly $6 million in cash and jewelry. Corallo, facing life imprisonment following the Mafia Commission trial, named [[BadBoss Victor Amuso]] and [[DragonInChief Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso]] as the [[DragonAscendant new boss and underboss]], respectively, in 1987, but it proved to be a disaster, as [[BigBadDuumvirate Amuso and Casso]] were known to be [[AxCrazy violent hitmen and drug traffickers]] (the two of them came from the Brooklyn faction; their predecessors came from the Bronx-East Harlem faction). [[BadBoss Soon enough, they ordered anybody that was a purported informant to be marked for death]] (this forced ''actual'' [[DefectorFromDecadence wiseguys in the family to flip]] because of the increasingly erratic behavior of Amuso and Casso); Amuso even ordered the [[ScrewTheRulesIMakeThem whacking of the entire New Jersey Crew,]] when they failed to show up for a meeting and [[BadBoss pay a hefty tribute]] (they actually demoted the Jersey crew's head capo, Anthony Accetturo, to the mere rank of a soldier and replaced him with an Amuso loyalist; Accetturo later [[TheInformant flipped]] when [[WouldHitAGirl Amuso ordered a hit on his wife,]] [[EvenEvilHasStandards despite the Mafia's longtime ban on harming women]]), but never went through with it because of massive indictments against many mafiosi at the time. Both Amuso and Casso were captured in 1993, but the latter decided to [[TheInformant flip]] [[TheStoolPigeon in 1994]], revealing that [[DirtyCop two NYPD officers]] named [[LawmanGoneBad Louis Eppolito and Steven Caracappa]] were on the Lucchese family's payroll for several years, working as [[KillerCop contract killers]] for the Mafia (Eppolito even had relatives who were in the mob, but could never become made because he was a cop). Both of them were sentenced to life imprisonment, but Casso was thrown out of the Witness Program in 1998 for numerous infractions. Amuso still runs the battered Lucchese family to this day via the help of ruling panels and acting bosses, a trait shared with the other Mafia families in New York.
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