History UsefulNotes / TheGulfWar

10th Dec '17 4:01:45 AM Macsen
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The initial U.S. and allied move was to increase the defense of Saudi Arabia, moving aircraft there in case Saddam tried to make a move on that country too. UN resolution after UN resolution calling for an Iraqi withdrawal were ignored, and the U.S. built up a coalition of 34 countries—the final total buildup of troops was over half a million, and six U.S. carrier groups were involved. With a troop drawdown happening in Europe, the U.S. was free to shift over an entire corps-sized formation from Germany to the Middle East.

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The initial U.S. and allied move was to increase the defense of Saudi Arabia, moving aircraft there in case Saddam tried to make a move on that country too. That operation was referred to in America as Operation [[AC:Desert Shield]]. UN resolution after UN resolution calling for an Iraqi withdrawal were ignored, and the U.S. built up a coalition of 34 countries—the final total buildup of troops was over half a million, and six U.S. carrier groups were involved. With a troop drawdown happening in Europe, the U.S. was free to shift over an entire corps-sized formation from Germany to the Middle East.
15th Nov '17 8:43:09 PM VanHohenheimOfXerxes
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[[caption-width-right:350:[[AmericaSavesTheDay America saving the day like always!]]]]

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[[caption-width-right:350:[[AmericaSavesTheDay America saving the day like always!]]]]
[[caption-width-right:350:AmericaSavesTheDay as always!]]
24th Sep '17 3:33:36 PM nombretomado
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* Robert [=McAllister=] in ''BrothersAndSisters'' is a Gulf War veteran, injured in that conflict. He won a medal that he doesn't feel he fully deserved- he froze in combat.

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* Robert [=McAllister=] in ''BrothersAndSisters'' ''Series/BrothersAndSisters'' is a Gulf War veteran, injured in that conflict. He won a medal that he doesn't feel he fully deserved- he froze in combat.
4th Aug '17 1:15:50 PM xcountryguy
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* ''Series/{{Glee}}'''s Finn was told by his mother that his dad died while fighting in the Gulf War. [[spoiler: Except he didn't. He was dishonorably discharged and died of an overdose while back in America.]]

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* ''Series/{{Glee}}'''s Finn was told by his mother that his dad died while fighting in the Gulf War. [[spoiler: Except [[spoiler:Except he didn't. He was dishonorably discharged and died of an overdose while back in America.]]
23rd Jun '17 2:59:30 AM The_Glorious_SOB
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* ''Series/{{JAG}}'': Several references to the conflict are made throughout the series. In the fourth season episode "Mr. Rabb Goes to Washington", rumors are spread on a cable news network ([[AlphabetNewsNetwork ZNN]]) that Sarin nerve gas was used by U.S. Marnes during the invasion of Kuwait in 1991.

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* ''Series/{{JAG}}'': Several references to the conflict are made throughout the series. In the fourth season episode "Mr. Rabb Goes to Washington", rumors are spread on a cable news network ([[AlphabetNewsNetwork ZNN]]) that Sarin nerve gas was used by U.S. Marnes Marines during the invasion of Kuwait in 1991.



* In the 1997 pilot of ''Series/StargateSG1'', Samantha Carter is introduced with a mention that she "logged over one hundred hours in enemy airspace during the Gulf War". In the 1999 episode "[[Recap/StargateSG1S2E16AMatterOfTime A Matter of Time]]", Jack O'Neill mentions that a failed mission resulted in him spending four months in "some stinkin' Iraqi prison", implying that he also fought in this war.

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* In the 1997 pilot of ''Series/StargateSG1'', ''Series/StargateSG1,'' Samantha Carter is introduced with a mention that she "logged over one hundred hours in enemy airspace during the Gulf War". In the 1999 episode "[[Recap/StargateSG1S2E16AMatterOfTime A Matter of Time]]", Jack O'Neill mentions that a failed mission resulted in him spending four months in "some stinkin' Iraqi prison", implying that he also fought in this war.
7th Jun '17 2:57:05 AM HoboZombie
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The Gulf War lasted from August 1990 to March 1991.

Abridged, following a brutal eight-year war with Iran, UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein sought to recoup Iraq's finances by invading Kuwait and securing its oil, and was ejected by a United Nations coalition led by the United States.

A fuller history can be found in UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar, as it was the final "UsefulNotes/ColdWar" conflict.

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The UsefulNotes/ColdWar was all but over by 1990, but the first Gulf War served as a demonstration of what the United States could have been capable of if things had gone hot in the 1990s or later. While Iraq used obsolescent [[RedsWithRockets export-quality Soviet equipment]] and some of its officers received training in the USSR, her forces were both grossly outnumbered and outclassed and did not use Soviet Operational Art. It is interesting to note, however, that many casual analysts and military fanboys see the poor performance of the Iraqi military's Soviet-produced equipment as definitive proof that the USA would have won the Cold War in Europe if it had been a conventional conflict—this is in large part due to [[ArmchairMilitary their enthusiasm for equipment and weapons]] at the expense of boring and irrelevant things [[StrategyVersusTactics like strategy]] [[EasyLogistics and logistics]].

On 2 August 1990, Saddam Hussein, interpreted a comment by U.S. Ambassador April Glaspie ("we have no opinion on the Arab-Arab conflicts, like your border disagreement with Kuwait") as a green light to launch a military invasion of Kuwait, a small emirate that borders Iraq[[note]]Glaspie would later claim that she had given no ambiguity in her statement, but for better or for worse, that's how Hussein interpreted it[[/note]]. He also thought that the Soviet Union would veto any attempt to take firm diplomatic action. He figured very wrong.

The initial U.S. and allied move was to increase the defense of Saudi Arabia, moving aircraft there in case Saddam tried to make a move on that country too. UN resolution after UN resolution calling for an Iraqi withdrawal were ignored, and the U.S. built up a coalition of 34 countries—the final total buildup of troops was over half a million, and six U.S. carrier groups were involved. With a troop drawdown happening in Europe, the U.S. was free to shift over an entire corps-sized formation from Germany to the Middle East.

For all that, though, the U.S. almost did not enter the war. Iraq had the world's fifth-largest military and a very capable air force. (On paper, at least.) Remembering Vietnam, many U.S. legislators were very reluctant on the issue. Kuwait hired a PR firm and had a woman testify before the Senate that Iraqi troops had [[MoralEventHorizon removed babies from incubators and left them to die.]] It was completely false. That and other atrocities that ''did'' occur proved enough to get the resolution approving the U.S. involvement passed.

On 29 November 1990, the UsefulNotes/UnitedNations Security Council by a 12-2 vote (China abstained; Cuba and Yemen were against; the Soviets actually voted in favor), passed Resolution 678 , which stated:

-->Authorizes Member States co-operating with the Government of Kuwait, unless Iraq on or before 15 January 1991 fully implements, as set forth in paragraph 1 above, the abovementioned resolutions, ''to use all necessary means'' to uphold and implement resolution 660 (1990) and all subsequent relevant resolutions and to restore international peace and security in the area;

That meant, "Get out of Kuwait or face war." Saddam didn't get out, so he faced war.

On 17 January, Operation [[AC:Desert Storm]] began. Iraq possessed one of the densest air defence networks in the world, which was centered around a French air defense system named "[[AC:Kari]]". It basically lasted one night due to the Americans' secret weapon. Okay, the F-117 had already been revealed and taken part in the DEA operation that was Panama, but that had been easy. This was harder, and it proved itself. An EF-111 got a kill without firing a shot, B-52s set the world record for a long-distance airstrike by flying from the U.S. to Saudi Arabia, firing cruise missiles, and going home, and Iraq's air defenses were crippled. Iraqi fighters didn't do much better. Some pilots ejected when they saw the enemy, and eventually the Iraqi Air Force left ''en masse'' for Iran, who said "Thanks for the planes" and duly confiscated them.

The Gulf War lasted from August 1990 was notable for the levels of use of precision-guided weapons. They had not been used to March 1991.

Abridged, following
this level before, leading to the war being called the first "computer war". Comparisons of night-vision video footage to video games were abundant for a brutal eight-year few years after, including by Creator/TerryPratchett.

Saddam, who understood the psychological impact of ballistic missiles even before they started falling on him, decided to launch modified "Scuds" at Israel and bring it into the war. He hoped to shatter the UN coalition, many of whom didn't like Israel and might balk at helping defend it. U.S. MIM-104 Patriot antiballistic missiles made a go at stopping them, but faced with missiles that accidentally broke up on reentry and Saddam not aiming them at anything, they couldn't do much.

Attempts to find and destroy the launchers in Western Iraq had limited success, mainly because they were mobile. Two future military novel authors along with other SAS members ended up getting captured by the Iraqis while doing this in the ''Bravo Two Zero'' mission. Ultimately, Israel was kept out of the
war with Iran, UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein sought finesse rather then firearms. Elsewhere, Saddam's forces dumped oil into the Persian Gulf and burnt Kuwaiti oil wells.

After six weeks of air strikes (one of which accidentally killed hundreds of civilians in a shelter), the ground liberation of Kuwait began. The UN forces, led by [[RedBaron "Stormin' Norman"]] [[AwesomeMcCoolname Schwarzkopf]], then pulled the oldest trick in the book. They made noise in the press about an amphibious Marine invasion from the east, launched a feint attack from the south, [[TakeAThirdOption and sent the bulk of their forces into the western desert
to recoup swing around and cut the Iraqis off from behind]]. It turned into a rout. A group of retreating Iraqis got subjected to air strikes for several hours, which played badly in the world press. [[StatusQuoIsGod For whatever reason]], a full-scale invasion of Iraq did not take place. Kurdish and Shia uprisings against Saddam were brutally crushed. In essence, the United States conducted the sort of offensive that they had planned to defend against.

On 28 February 1991, a ceasefire came into force. 379 UN soldiers had died, but only 190 to enemy fire. Iraqi military deaths were at least 20,000, while the number of civilian deaths was the subject of much debate. In Moscow, the head of the ''Voyska PVO'', the USSR's air-defense force, had to explain how the Iraqis lost so convincingly.
Iraq's finances by invading Kuwait and securing its oil, and was ejected by a United Nations coalition led by the United States.

A fuller history can be found in UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheColdWar, as
weapons of mass destruction were not used because it was made very clear to Saddam that nuclear weapons would follow. This issue would not go away. Iraq would stymie UN weapons inspectors for years afterwards, until the final "UsefulNotes/ColdWar" conflict.U.S. finally ousted him from power in 2003.

But that, as they say, is a story for another day…
4th Jun '17 10:19:39 AM StarSword
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* In ''Series/PersonOfInterest'', while spending time as a police tactics instructor, Reese gives an explanation to a curious student who notes his use of military tactics despite not having a military background that "my first tactics instructor was a Gulf War veteran." (Actually, Reese himself probably is one: he was an Army Ranger before joining the CIA after 9/11, but his current cover ID is a non-veteran.)
* Henry [=McCord=] in ''Series/MadamSecretary'' flew F-18s for the Marine Corps in Desert Storm.

!![[AC:{{Music}}]]
* Music/{{Sabaton}}'s song [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vREt7rwK12I "Reign of Terror"]] is a VillainSucksSong aimed at Saddam Hussein during the Gulf War.
16th May '17 6:44:00 AM Random888
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* In the 1997 pilot of ''Series/StargateSG1'', Samantha Carter is introduced with a mention that she "logged over one hundred hours in enemy airspace during the Gulf War".

to:

* In the 1997 pilot of ''Series/StargateSG1'', Samantha Carter is introduced with a mention that she "logged over one hundred hours in enemy airspace during the Gulf War".
War". In the 1999 episode "[[Recap/StargateSG1S2E16AMatterOfTime A Matter of Time]]", Jack O'Neill mentions that a failed mission resulted in him spending four months in "some stinkin' Iraqi prison", implying that he also fought in this war.
8th Aug '16 7:02:10 AM Morgenthaler
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Abridged, following a brutal eight-year war with Iran, SaddamHussein sought to recoup Iraq's finances by invading Kuwait and securing its oil, and was ejected by a United Nations coalition led by the United States.

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Abridged, following a brutal eight-year war with Iran, SaddamHussein UsefulNotes/SaddamHussein sought to recoup Iraq's finances by invading Kuwait and securing its oil, and was ejected by a United Nations coalition led by the United States.
30th Jul '16 4:00:34 AM Morgenthaler
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* SETA Corporation's ShootEmUp/[[SimulationGame Fighter Sim]] ''[[VideoGame/ASPAirStrikePatrol A.S.P. Air Strike Patrol]]'' (AKA ''DesertFighter''), despite the deliberate use of fake names. [[OutsideContextProblem Among other things.]] Notably averts the FollowTheLeader trend mentioned below; part of the game's main mechanics involve managing public opinion while not wasting supplies (fuel/aircraft/ammo) and quickly destroying enemy targets as much as possible. [[NintendoHard This is harder than it sounds.]]

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* SETA Corporation's ShootEmUp/[[SimulationGame Fighter Sim]] ''[[VideoGame/ASPAirStrikePatrol A.S.P. Air Strike Patrol]]'' ''VideoGame/ASPAirStrikePatrol'' (AKA ''DesertFighter''), ''VideoGame/DesertFighter''), despite the deliberate use of fake names. [[OutsideContextProblem Among other things.]] Notably averts the FollowTheLeader trend mentioned below; part of the game's main mechanics involve managing public opinion while not wasting supplies (fuel/aircraft/ammo) and quickly destroying enemy targets as much as possible. [[NintendoHard This is harder than it sounds.]]
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