History UsefulNotes / TheFortySevenPrefectures

25th May '18 12:25:38 AM navaash
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Most well known for being the place where the story of Momotaro takes place

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Most well known for being the place where the story of Momotaro takes place
place.
25th May '18 12:25:22 AM navaash
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Most well known for being the place where the story of Momotaro takes place
25th Apr '18 6:32:33 PM Khathi
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Sometimes called the "Tokyo's water faucet", Gunma us a relative mountainous backwater, whose main fame comes from the natural beauty of its valleys, crystal clear rivers coming out of them, and supplying the drinking water for the 1/4 of the Japanese population that leaves in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. During the UsefulNotes/SengokuJidai it was known for the production of horses, and little else, but after the Meiji restoration it was a birthplace of the famous Nakajima Aircraft Company, reborn after the war as the Fuji Heavy Industries conglomerate, best known nowadays for their ''Subaru'' brand -- after which it finally rebranded itself in 2017.

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Sometimes called the "Tokyo's water faucet", Gunma us is a relative mountainous backwater, whose main fame comes from the natural beauty of its valleys, crystal clear rivers coming out of them, and supplying the drinking water for the 1/4 of the Japanese population that leaves lives in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. During the UsefulNotes/SengokuJidai it was known for the production of horses, and little else, but after the Meiji restoration it was a birthplace of the famous Nakajima Aircraft Company, reborn after the war as the Fuji Heavy Industries conglomerate, best known nowadays for their ''Subaru'' brand -- after which it finally rebranded itself in 2017.
25th Apr '18 6:28:27 PM Khathi
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Most populous and developed of Tohoku prefectures, it was where the (in)famous One-Eyed Dragon Date Masamune has set his shop after Sekigahara, founding his capital of Sendai in 1600. Masamune was a patron of culture and education, and his legacy continues to this day Tohoku University in Sendai was one of thirteen Imperial Universities founded fter the Meiji Restration, and is a stronghold of engineering and materials sciences: to this day it is a heart of Japanese metallurgical science, while the famous Yagi-Uda antenna (used in radars and TV receivers) was invented there in TheThirties, and the first practical blue LED in TheNineties. To this days Sendai remains more of an university city than anything, while its suburb of Matsushima, with its bay dotted by the picturesque pine-overgrown islets, was considered one of the three best views of Japan to the extent that even the legendary Creator/{{Basho}} was at loss of words for its beauty. Unfortunately, it was the area hardest hit by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami.

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Most populous and developed of Tohoku prefectures, it was where the (in)famous One-Eyed Dragon Date Masamune has set his shop after Sekigahara, founding his capital of Sendai in 1600. Masamune was a patron of culture and education, and his legacy continues to this day Tohoku University in Sendai was one of thirteen Imperial Universities founded fter the Meiji Restration, and is a stronghold of engineering and materials sciences: to this day it is a heart of Japanese metallurgical science, while the famous Yagi-Uda antenna (used in radars and TV receivers) was invented there in TheThirties, and the first practical blue LED in TheNineties. To this days Sendai remains more of an a university city than anything, while its suburb of Matsushima, with its bay dotted by the picturesque pine-overgrown islets, was considered one of the three best views of Japan to the extent that even the legendary Creator/{{Basho}} was at loss of words for its beauty. Unfortunately, it was the area hardest hit by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami.


Added DiffLines:

Sometimes called the "Tokyo's water faucet", Gunma us a relative mountainous backwater, whose main fame comes from the natural beauty of its valleys, crystal clear rivers coming out of them, and supplying the drinking water for the 1/4 of the Japanese population that leaves in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area. During the UsefulNotes/SengokuJidai it was known for the production of horses, and little else, but after the Meiji restoration it was a birthplace of the famous Nakajima Aircraft Company, reborn after the war as the Fuji Heavy Industries conglomerate, best known nowadays for their ''Subaru'' brand -- after which it finally rebranded itself in 2017.
18th Apr '18 4:15:28 PM Ryulong
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Scientific studies concluded that the Ryukyu Islanders are more closely related to the Ainu than the Japanese, suggesting that they are descendants of the original inhabitants of the archipelago, the Jomon people (as opposed to the Yamato, the ancestors of most Japanese people, who were actually from Korea). Their languages (Kikai, Amami, Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, Yoron, Kunigami, Okinawan, Miyako, Yaeyama, and Yonaguni) are the only living relatives of the Japanese language, though they are not mutually intelligible to it and to each other. However, Japan officially regards the languages as dialects of the Japanese language and are in the position of assimilation to the mainstream (similar to that practiced in UsefulNotes/{{France}}), so the languages are now in various stages of endangerment.

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Scientific studies concluded that the Ryukyu Islanders are more closely related to the Ainu than the Japanese, suggesting that they are descendants of the original inhabitants of the archipelago, the Jomon people (as opposed to the Yamato, the ancestors of most Japanese people, who were actually from Korea). Their languages (Kikai, Amami, Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, Yoron, Kunigami, Okinawan, Miyako, Yaeyama, (Kikai [''Shimayumita''], Amami [''Shimayumuta''], Tokunoshima [''Shimayumyita''], Okinoerabu [''Shimamuni''], Yoron [''Yunnu Futuba''], Kunigami [''Yanbaru Kutuba''], Okinawan [''Uchinaaguchi''], Miyako [''Myaakufutsu''/''Sumafutsu''], Yaeyama [''Yaimamuni''], and Yonaguni) Yonaguni [''Dunan Munui'']) are the only living relatives of the Japanese language, though they are not mutually intelligible to it and nor to each other. However, Japan officially regards the languages as dialects of the Japanese language and are in the position of assimilation to the mainstream (similar to that practiced in UsefulNotes/{{France}}), so the languages are now in various stages of endangerment.
endangerment.
17th Apr '18 11:58:43 PM Ryulong
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Founded in 710, Nara is Japan's oldest city.

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Founded in 710, Nara is Japan's oldest city.
city. It's known for Tōdai-ji, the massive temple holding the world's largest bronze statue of the Vairocana Buddha and its population of wild Japanese sika deer revered as messengers of the Shinto gods.



The Ryukyu Islands were once disjointed island states that had quite a history with both China and Japan. Where it was situated was a strategic location for trade routes and unlike Japan, the Ryukyu people welcomed foreigners. For most of the Middle Ages, they had little contact with Japan and instead usually traded with China. By the early [=1400s=], the clans united to form the Ryukyu Kingdom. In the early 1600, the Shimazu Tadatsu of Satsuma invaded the islands. Rather than face bloodshed due to the lack of military prowess, the kingdom surrendered and paid tribute to the Japanese Shogunate. By the [=1870s=] during the Meiji Restoration period, they were formally annexed into Japan to be ruled by their government.

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The Ryukyu Islands were once disjointed island states that had quite a history with both China and Japan. Where it was situated was a strategic location for trade routes and unlike Japan, the Ryukyu people welcomed foreigners. For most of the Middle Ages, they had little contact with Japan and instead usually traded with China. By the early [=1400s=], the clans united to form the Ryukyu Kingdom. In the early 1600, [=1600s=], the Shimazu Tadatsu of Satsuma invaded the islands. Rather than face bloodshed due to the lack of military prowess, the kingdom surrendered and paid tribute to the Japanese Shogunate. By the [=1870s=] during the Meiji Restoration period, they were formally annexed into Japan to be ruled by their government.



47. '''Okinawa (沖縄)'''
-> Capital: Naha (那覇)

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47. '''Okinawa (沖縄)'''
(沖縄 ''Uchinaa'')'''
-> Capital: Naha (那覇)(那覇 ''Naafa'')



The prefecture includes all islands of the Ryukyu chain south of the 28.5 parallel north (to the north the islands are administered by Kagoshima). The largest city, Naha, dominates the activities of the archipelago and is impressively crowded, urbanized, and metropolitan for a settlement located on a small island with little opportunities for going outward (the northeast part of the Okinawa island is taken up by mountains). Thanks to Naha, the prefecture is well-connected to the Home Islands. Iriomote Island is the second largest island in the prefecture and is mostly national park. The prefecture's Yonaguni Island is the westernmost inhabited island of Japan and is much closer to Taiwan (only 67 miles [107 km]) than it is to Tokyo (over 1200 mi [2000 km]).

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The prefecture includes all islands of the Ryukyu chain south of the 28.5 parallel north (to the north the islands are administered by Kagoshima). The largest city, Naha, dominates the activities of the archipelago and is impressively crowded, urbanized, and metropolitan for a settlement located on a small island with little opportunities for going outward (the northeast part of the Okinawa island Island is taken up by mountains). Thanks to Naha, the prefecture is well-connected to the Home Islands. Iriomote Island is the second largest island in the prefecture and is mostly national park. The prefecture's Yonaguni Island is the westernmost inhabited island of Japan and is much closer to Taiwan (only 67 miles [107 km]) than it is to Tokyo (over 1200 mi [2000 km]).
1st Apr '18 12:45:48 AM Wariolander
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[[ThirtySecondsOverTokyo Contrary to]] [[TokyoIsTheCenterOfTheUniverse popular belief]], Japan is not only UsefulNotes/{{Tokyo}}. There are 46 other prefectures that the country is divided into, which are in turn (for the most part) divided further into cities and districts; districts are further subdivided into towns and villages. Prefectures are largely dependent on the national government in Tokyo for financial support and their organization is defined by the Local Autonomy Law, which went into effect in 1947. Prefectures, however, elect their own governors and do get some autonomy in their policy-making. If you're familiar with how the American government is set up, an oft-used analogy is the relationship between [[UsefulNotes/AmericanPoliticalSystem the county and the state it's part of]].

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[[ThirtySecondsOverTokyo Contrary to]] [[TokyoIsTheCenterOfTheUniverse popular belief]], Japan UsefulNotes/{{Japan}} is not only UsefulNotes/{{Tokyo}}.Tokyo. There are 46 other prefectures that the country is divided into, which are in turn (for the most part) divided further into cities and districts; districts are further subdivided into towns and villages. Prefectures are largely dependent on the national government in Tokyo for financial support and their organization is defined by the Local Autonomy Law, which went into effect in 1947. Prefectures, however, elect their own governors and do get some autonomy in their policy-making. If you're familiar with how the American government is set up, an oft-used analogy is the relationship between [[UsefulNotes/AmericanPoliticalSystem the county and the state it's part of]].
30th Mar '18 6:17:14 PM SamCurt
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-> Capital: Shinjuku (新宿)

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-> Capital: Shinjuku (新宿)(新宿)[[note]]The metropolitan seat is in the ward of Shinjuku. However, for all purposes Tokyo's capital is treated to be the summation of the special wards, i.e. the pre-1943 City of Tokyo.[[/note]]
29th Mar '18 1:41:02 AM Anduryen
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!!Hokuriku (北陸地)

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!!Hokuriku (北陸地)(北陸)
9th Mar '18 11:34:14 PM Ryulong
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[[folder:Ryūkyū Islands (琉球諸島)]]

The Ryūkyū islands were once disjointed island states that had quite a history with both China and Japan. Where it was situated was a strategic location for trade routes and unlike Japan, the Ryūkyū people welcomed foreigners. For most of the Middle Ages, they had little contact with Japan and instead usually traded with China. By the early [=1400s=], the clans united to form the Ryūkyū Kingdom. In the early 1600, the Shimazu Tadatsu of Satsuma invaded the islands. Rather than face bloodshed due to the lack of military prowess, the kingdom surrendered and paid tribute to the Japanese Shogunate. By the [=1870s=] during the Meiji Restoration period, they were formally annexed into Japan to be ruled by their government.

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[[folder:Ryūkyū [[folder:Ryukyu Islands (琉球諸島)]]

The Ryūkyū islands Ryukyu Islands were once disjointed island states that had quite a history with both China and Japan. Where it was situated was a strategic location for trade routes and unlike Japan, the Ryūkyū Ryukyu people welcomed foreigners. For most of the Middle Ages, they had little contact with Japan and instead usually traded with China. By the early [=1400s=], the clans united to form the Ryūkyū Ryukyu Kingdom. In the early 1600, the Shimazu Tadatsu of Satsuma invaded the islands. Rather than face bloodshed due to the lack of military prowess, the kingdom surrendered and paid tribute to the Japanese Shogunate. By the [=1870s=] during the Meiji Restoration period, they were formally annexed into Japan to be ruled by their government.
government.

In Japan, the term "Ryukyu Islands" refers only to the islands administered as part of Okinawa Prefecture, while outside of Japan it refers to all of the islands formerly part of the Ryukyu Kingdom. Within Japan, the islands between Kyushu and Taiwan are collectively called the "Nansei Islands" (南西諸島), which literally means "Southwest Islands", and the northern portion adminstered by Kagoshima Prefecture are the "Satsunan Islands" (薩南諸島), "South of Satsuma (Domain) Islands".



Scientific studies concluded that the Ryukyu Islanders are more closely related to the Ainu than the Japanese, suggesting that they are descendants of the original inhabitants of the archipelago, the Jomon people (as opposed to the Yamato, the ancestors of most Japanese people, who were actually from Korea). Their languages (Kikai, Amami Oshima, Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, Yoron, Kunigami, Okinawan, Miyako, Yaeyama, and Yonaguni) are the only living relatives of the Japanese language, though they are not mutually intelligible to it and to each other. However, Japan officially regards the languages as dialects of the Japanese language and are in the position of assimilation to the mainstream (similar to that practiced in UsefulNotes/{{France}}), so the languages are now in various stages of endangerment.

to:

Scientific studies concluded that the Ryukyu Islanders are more closely related to the Ainu than the Japanese, suggesting that they are descendants of the original inhabitants of the archipelago, the Jomon people (as opposed to the Yamato, the ancestors of most Japanese people, who were actually from Korea). Their languages (Kikai, Amami Oshima, Amami, Tokunoshima, Okinoerabu, Yoron, Kunigami, Okinawan, Miyako, Yaeyama, and Yonaguni) are the only living relatives of the Japanese language, though they are not mutually intelligible to it and to each other. However, Japan officially regards the languages as dialects of the Japanese language and are in the position of assimilation to the mainstream (similar to that practiced in UsefulNotes/{{France}}), so the languages are now in various stages of endangerment.
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