History UsefulNotes / TheCzechRepublic

19th Aug '16 3:21:05 PM DukeofFinland
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* Majority of ''VideoGame/DeusExMankindDivided'' takes place in Prague.
18th Jul '16 12:53:40 PM marmota-b
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The official language is Czech, a Western Slavic language. It is mutually intelligible with Slovak, and, as with all Slavic languages, quite easy to learn if you know another Slavic language. (In the case of Czech, this is particularly true of the third major West Slavic language, [[UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} Polish]], which is almost but not quite mutually intelligible. Beware [[Main/InMyLanguageThatSoundsLike false]] [[Main/SeparatedByACommonLanguage friends]] between Slavic languages.[[note]]Especially between Russian and Czech, where usually neutral Eastern Slavic words have taken on negative meanings in Western Slavic languages.[[/note]]) Czech is one of the few phonetically written languages, which means that words are written pretty much exactly how they sound. The Czech sentence "Strč prst skrz krk" (meaning "shove your finger through your neck") is considered one of the most difficult tongue-twisters on Earth. (Czechs are also, possibly, the nation that invented those weird tealeaves above letters, called diacritics, which definitely help Czech in being a phonetically written language.)

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The official language is Czech, a Western Slavic language. It is mutually intelligible with Slovak, and, as with all Slavic languages, quite easy to learn if you know another Slavic language. (In the case of Czech, this is particularly true of the third major West Slavic language, [[UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} Polish]], which is almost but not quite mutually intelligible. Beware [[Main/InMyLanguageThatSoundsLike false]] [[Main/SeparatedByACommonLanguage friends]] between Slavic languages.[[note]]Especially between Russian and Czech, where usually neutral Eastern Slavic words have often taken on negative meanings in Western Slavic languages.[[/note]]) Czech is one of the few phonetically written languages, which means that words are written pretty much exactly how they sound. The Czech sentence "Strč prst skrz krk" (meaning "shove your finger through your neck") is considered one of the most difficult tongue-twisters on Earth. (Czechs are also, possibly, the nation that invented those weird tealeaves above letters, called diacritics, which definitely help Czech in being a phonetically written language.)



* Field Marshal Josef Radetzky, who became famous in Austrian service and is known for the famous march composed by Strauss to most people

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* Field Marshal Josef Radetzky, who became famous distinguished himself in Austrian service and is known for the famous march composed by Strauss to most people
18th Jul '16 12:45:12 PM marmota-b
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The Czech Republic ('''Czech:''' ''Česká republika'') is a country in Central Europe (if you want to enrage Czechs, [[http://czech-republic-not-so-well-known.blogspot.cz/2014/09/some-issues-i-came-across.html call it Eastern Europe]]), established in 1993 after the Velvet Divorce of Czechoslovakia, with a population of 10.5 million people. It currently ranks among the top 40 in the latest Human Development Index, the only former communist country to do so along with Slovenia (and Germany if you want) (and Poland, Hungary, Estonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Croatia). With a history of Reformation predating Martin Luther and John Calvin ([[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utraquism utraquists]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moravian_Church Unity of Brethren]]) and subsequent recatholisation, most of the population today is atheist (or agnostic) with a Catholic minority (and even smaller Protestant and other minorities).

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The Czech Republic ('''Czech:''' ''Česká republika'') is a country in Central Europe (if you want to enrage Czechs, [[http://czech-republic-not-so-well-known.blogspot.cz/2014/09/some-issues-i-came-across.html call it Eastern Europe]]), established in 1993 after the Velvet Divorce of Czechoslovakia, with a population of 10.5 million people. It currently ranks among Even though it was formerly part of the top 40 in the latest Human Development Index, the only former communist country to do so along with Slovenia (and Germany if you want) (and Poland, Hungary, Estonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia, Soviet Bloc, it is doing quite well economically and Croatia). popular ideas about backwater Easter European countries largely don't apply.

With a history of Reformation predating Martin Luther and John Calvin ([[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utraquism utraquists]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moravian_Church Unity of Brethren]]) and subsequent recatholisation, most of the population today is atheist (or agnostic) with a Catholic minority (and even smaller Protestant and other minorities).



With Václav III's murder in 1306, there were only female Přemyslid heirs left, and with medieval politics being what they were, there was some fighting between their husbands before the reign settled with the Luxembourg dynasty. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor Charles IV]], Czech king and Holy Roman Emperor, widely considered [[Main/TheGoodKing the greatest ruler]] of the Czech lands, was the second of that dynasty on the Czech throne. He founded the university in Prague and many other medieval monuments present in the country today, and made Prague into the cultural centre of the Holy Roman Empire.

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With [[Main/TheUnsolvedMystery Václav III's murder in 1306, 1306]], there were only female Přemyslid heirs left, and with medieval politics being what they were, there was some fighting between their husbands before the reign settled with the Luxembourg dynasty. [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_IV,_Holy_Roman_Emperor Charles IV]], Czech king and Holy Roman Emperor, widely considered [[Main/TheGoodKing the greatest ruler]] of the Czech lands, was the second of that dynasty on the Czech throne. He founded the university in Prague and many other medieval monuments present in the country today, and made Prague into the cultural centre of the Holy Roman Empire.



After yet another king died prematurely in 1526, the Austrian branch of the Hapsburg dynasty succeeded on the Czech throne, and stayed there until 1918 [[note]]although the last couple of them didn't even bother being crowned Czech Kings specifically[[/note]]. The last time Prague was a cultural centre was during the reign of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor Rudolf II]] (which is also the time when the famous legend of {{Golem}} takes place). After more political (and religious) tensions, Czech people once again resorted to [[Main/DestinationDefenestration defenestration]] against officials in Prague in 1618, starting the Thirty Years War (which, unlike the Hundred Years' War between England and France, did indeed last thirty years). After another [[Main/CurbStompBattle Famous Defeat]] in the Battle of White Mountain, the Hapsburgs consollidated their power by proclaiming Catholicism as the only religion allowed in the country and all the Protestants who could afford to do so emigrated (often to Poland). This left the country without whole generations of intellectual elites and open to recatholisation and influx of foreign nobility. This is the period when chateaus and palaces were built, providing a different kind of wide choice of filming backdrops for future filmmakers.

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After yet another king died prematurely in 1526, the Austrian branch of the Hapsburg dynasty succeeded on the Czech throne, and stayed there until 1918 [[note]]although the last couple of them didn't even bother being crowned Czech Kings specifically[[/note]]. The last time Prague was a cultural centre was during the reign of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudolf_II,_Holy_Roman_Emperor Rudolf II]] (which is also the time when the famous legend of {{Golem}} takes place). After more political (and religious) tensions, Czech people once again resorted to [[Main/DestinationDefenestration defenestration]] against officials in Prague in 1618, starting the Thirty Years War (which, unlike the Hundred Years' War between England and France, did indeed last thirty years). After another Czech [[Main/CurbStompBattle Famous Defeat]] in the Battle of White Mountain, the Hapsburgs consollidated their power by proclaiming Catholicism as the only religion allowed in the country and all the Protestants who could afford to do so emigrated (often to Poland). This left the country without whole generations of intellectual elites and open to recatholisation and influx of foreign nobility. This is the period when chateaus and palaces were built, providing a different kind of wide choice of filming backdrops for future filmmakers.



Prague was comparatively untouched by the war. The Czech people were not. Hundreds of thousands went to the death camps, and the [[TearJerker Lidice massacre]], one of the most notorious war crimes of the war, took place as revenge for the assassination of the Nazi lord Heydrich/Heidrich. As Slavs, Czechs were considered sub-human and useful only for labour by the Nazis. [[note]]For example, after an incident with students, all universities were closed and young people of certain age were all sent to work for the Reich. The International Students' Day was designated in memory of these events.[[/note]] Like in the rest of Nazi-controlled Europe, the previously numerous Jewish population was nearly exterminated. Czechoslovak pilots fought [[UsefulNotes/TheHomeFront with the RAF]] in WW2, and there was a number of Real Life [[Main/AcePilot Aces]] among them.

After World War II the Germans and Hungarians were expelled en-masse and Subcarpatian Ruthenia was annexed by the Soviet Union. In 1948, the Communists seized power through a coup d'etat, and dissident elements, including the Church(es), were quickly purged. Czechoslovakia was a founding member of Comecon (Soviet bloc economic organization) and the Warsaw Pact.

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Prague was comparatively untouched by the war. The Czech people were not. Hundreds of thousands went to the death camps, and the [[TearJerker Lidice massacre]], one of the most notorious war crimes of the war, took place as revenge for the assassination of the Nazi lord Heydrich/Heidrich. As Slavs, Czechs were considered sub-human and useful only for labour by the Nazis. [[note]]For example, after an incident with students, all universities were closed and young people of certain age were all sent to work for the Reich. The International Students' Day was designated in memory of these events.[[/note]] Like in the rest of Nazi-controlled Europe, the previously numerous Jewish population was nearly exterminated. However, other Czechs were actively fighting on the Allied side outside of the country. For example, Czechoslovak pilots fought [[UsefulNotes/TheHomeFront with the RAF]] in WW2, and there was a number of Real Life [[Main/AcePilot Aces]] among them.

After World War II the Germans and Hungarians were expelled en-masse and Subcarpatian Ruthenia was annexed by the Soviet Union. In 1948, the Communists seized power through a coup d'etat, d'etat[[note]]An embarrassing moment in history, because it became possible through bad planning on the side of people who wanted to ''stop'' the growing communist power![[/note]], and dissident elements, including the Church(es), were quickly purged. Czechoslovakia was a founding member of Comecon (Soviet bloc economic organization) and the Warsaw Pact.



* Charles IV, Czech king and Holy Roman Emperor, who founded the first university in the country

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* Charles IV, Czech king and Holy Roman Emperor, who founded the first university in the countrycountry in 1348



* Jan Neruda, poet, writer and journalist

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* Božena Němcová, 19th century writer and folklore collector, whose versions of fairy tales are probably the most popular in the country
* Jan Neruda, 19th century poet, writer and journalist
13th Jul '16 7:02:04 AM Free_Rollin_BAMF
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The Czech Republic ('''Czech:''' ''Česká republika'') is a country in Central Europe (if you want to enrage Czechs, [[http://czech-republic-not-so-well-known.blogspot.cz/2014/09/some-issues-i-came-across.html call it Eastern Europe]]), established in 1993 after the Velvet Divorce of Czechoslovakia, with a population of 10.5 million people. It currently ranks among the top 40 in the latest Human Development Index, the only former communist country to do so along with Slovenia (and Germany if you want). With a history of Reformation predating Martin Luther and John Calvin ([[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utraquism utraquists]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moravian_Church Unity of Brethren]]) and subsequent recatholisation, most of the population today is atheist (or agnostic) with a Catholic minority (and even smaller Protestant and other minorities).

to:

The Czech Republic ('''Czech:''' ''Česká republika'') is a country in Central Europe (if you want to enrage Czechs, [[http://czech-republic-not-so-well-known.blogspot.cz/2014/09/some-issues-i-came-across.html call it Eastern Europe]]), established in 1993 after the Velvet Divorce of Czechoslovakia, with a population of 10.5 million people. It currently ranks among the top 40 in the latest Human Development Index, the only former communist country to do so along with Slovenia (and Germany if you want).want) (and Poland, Hungary, Estonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Croatia). With a history of Reformation predating Martin Luther and John Calvin ([[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Utraquism utraquists]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moravian_Church Unity of Brethren]]) and subsequent recatholisation, most of the population today is atheist (or agnostic) with a Catholic minority (and even smaller Protestant and other minorities).
8th Jul '16 2:52:20 PM GlitteringFlowers
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* ''AxisPowersHetalia'' has the Czech Republic [[NationsAsPeople herself]] as a character, along with her brother, Slovakia.

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* ''AxisPowersHetalia'' has the Czech Republic [[NationsAsPeople herself]] as a character, along with her brother, Slovakia.
close friend Slovakia. She's depicted as a TinyTyrannicalGirl with [[PluckyGirl a stubborn streak]] and rather... [[CloudCuckooLander energetic behavior]].
19th Jun '16 7:14:04 AM marmota-b
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Prague has a population of approximately 1.2 million people, which, of course, means there's a good 9.3 million Czechs [[Main/BritainIsOnlyLondon who live somewhere else]], for example in '''Brno''' (pronounced with two syllables), the second largest city and the capital of Moravia. Brno maintains a rivalry with Prague. It tends to be the more industrial of the two, usually holds the largest trade fairs in the country and has a major racetrack. Its historical centre is smaller than in Prague, but there are some notable examples of Modernist architecture, such as the Villa Tugendhat, to be found in Brno. Thanks to the closeness to the border with Slovakia and a number of Slovak students, you are much more likely to hear the Slovak language in Brno than in other Czech cities like Ostrava, Plzeň, Liberec etc.


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Prague has a population of approximately 1.2 million people, which, of course, means there's a good 9.3 million Czechs [[Main/BritainIsOnlyLondon who live somewhere else]], for example in '''Brno''' (pronounced with two syllables), the second largest city and the capital of Moravia. Brno maintains a rivalry with Prague. It tends to be the more industrial of the two, usually holds the largest trade fairs in the country and has a major racetrack. It is, however, also another cultural centre, with its own National Theatre (formed three years after the one in Prague). It is also quickly becoming a more cosmopolitan city, possibly faster than Prague. Its historical centre is smaller than in Prague, but there are some notable examples of Modernist architecture, such as the Villa Tugendhat, to be found in Brno. Thanks to the closeness to the border with Slovakia and a number of Slovak students, you are much more likely to hear the Slovak language in Brno than in other Czech cities like Ostrava, Plzeň, Ostrava (originally noted for being the "black" - coal-mining - city, but becoming greener in recent years), Plzeň (noted for its beer and industry), Liberec (originally a very German city, these days noted for [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Je%C5%A1t%C4%9Bd_Tower the transmitting tower and hotel on Ještěd]]), etc.




* Jára Cimrman. Despite being virtually unknown abroad, Cimrman's spirit looms large over Czech culture and popular consciousness. Born in Vienna,[[note]]which is in Austria and has always been in Austria[[/note]] he was the quintessential enterpreneurial, creative and hopelessly unsuccessful Czech underdog of the late Hapsburg period. He was an inventor, a writer, a playwright, a composer, a criminologist, and many other things. He also would have won the "Greatest Czech" poll held by the Czech TV in 2005 (following a template from BBC), were it not for the perfectly negligible technicality that he is completely and utterly fictional.

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* Jára Cimrman. Despite being virtually unknown abroad, Cimrman's spirit looms large over Czech culture and popular consciousness. Born in Vienna,[[note]]which is in Austria and has always been in Austria[[/note]] he was the quintessential enterpreneurial, entrepreneurial, creative and hopelessly unsuccessful Czech underdog of the late Hapsburg period. He was an inventor, a writer, a playwright, a composer, a criminologist, and many other things. He also would have won the "Greatest Czech" poll held by the Czech TV in 2005 (following a template from the BBC), were it not for the perfectly negligible technicality that he is completely and utterly fictional.fictional.
* Charles IV, Czech king and Holy Roman Emperor, who founded the first university in the country
* Druhá Tráva, an accoustic-sound band with its roots in bluegrass, popular even in the genre's birthplace



* Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the first President of Czechoslovakia, philosopher and sociologist



* Jan Neruda, poet

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* Jan Neruda, poetpoet, writer and journalist



* Jan Švankmajer, animator and director

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* Jan Švankmajer, animator and film director


Added DiffLines:

* Jiří Trnka, artist, animator and film director
29th May '16 2:13:40 AM VAIAZ
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Added DiffLines:

* Jan Neruda, poet
3rd Apr '16 5:11:38 PM RisefromYourGrave
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* ''VideoGame/ForzaMotorsport 5'' has a racetrack in Prague. (Which would seem to be a typical case of BritainIsOnlyLondon, as the major racetracks in the Czech Republic are actually somewhere else.)

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* ''VideoGame/ForzaMotorsport ''VideoGame/{{Forza}} Motorsport 5'' has a racetrack in Prague. (Which would seem to be a typical case of BritainIsOnlyLondon, as the major racetracks in the Czech Republic are actually somewhere else.)
8th Mar '16 6:45:09 PM hamza678
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Before there were Slavs, there were Germanic tribes, and before there were Germanic tribes, there were Celtic tribes, which is where the name Bohemia for the Western part of the country [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemia#Etymology originally comes from]]. Blame the Romans. The first Slavic consollidated state in the approximate area was [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Moravia Great Moravia]], which is where the name for Moravia comes from, more or less.[[note]]Not really, because it's actually the name of a river, ''Morava'', but, well, let's simplify things.[[/note]] It was the Slavs of Great Moravia that Cyril and Methodius created [[Main/CyrillicAlphabet the not-yet-Cyrillic alphabet]] for. (And it hasn't been in use in the area for centuries.)

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Before there were Slavs, there were Germanic tribes, and before there were Germanic tribes, there were Celtic tribes, which is where the name Bohemia for the Western part of the country [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemia#Etymology originally comes from]]. Blame the Romans. The first Slavic consollidated state in the approximate area was [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Moravia Great Moravia]], which is where the name for Moravia comes from, more or less.[[note]]Not really, because it's actually the name of a river, ''Morava'', but, well, let's simplify things.[[/note]] It was the Slavs of Great Moravia that Cyril and Methodius created [[Main/CyrillicAlphabet [[UsefulNotes/CyrillicAlphabet the not-yet-Cyrillic alphabet]] for. (And it hasn't been in use in the area for centuries.)
10th Feb '16 6:32:34 AM marmota-b
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[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohumil_Hrabal Bohumil Hrabal]], Saturnin or "Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk".

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[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohumil_Hrabal Bohumil Hrabal]], Saturnin ''Literature/{{Saturnin}}'' or "Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk".
''Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk''.
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