History UsefulNotes / TheCzechRepublic

19th Jun '16 7:14:04 AM marmota-b
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Prague has a population of approximately 1.2 million people, which, of course, means there's a good 9.3 million Czechs [[Main/BritainIsOnlyLondon who live somewhere else]], for example in '''Brno''' (pronounced with two syllables), the second largest city and the capital of Moravia. Brno maintains a rivalry with Prague. It tends to be the more industrial of the two, usually holds the largest trade fairs in the country and has a major racetrack. Its historical centre is smaller than in Prague, but there are some notable examples of Modernist architecture, such as the Villa Tugendhat, to be found in Brno. Thanks to the closeness to the border with Slovakia and a number of Slovak students, you are much more likely to hear the Slovak language in Brno than in other Czech cities like Ostrava, Plzeň, Liberec etc.


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Prague has a population of approximately 1.2 million people, which, of course, means there's a good 9.3 million Czechs [[Main/BritainIsOnlyLondon who live somewhere else]], for example in '''Brno''' (pronounced with two syllables), the second largest city and the capital of Moravia. Brno maintains a rivalry with Prague. It tends to be the more industrial of the two, usually holds the largest trade fairs in the country and has a major racetrack. It is, however, also another cultural centre, with its own National Theatre (formed three years after the one in Prague). It is also quickly becoming a more cosmopolitan city, possibly faster than Prague. Its historical centre is smaller than in Prague, but there are some notable examples of Modernist architecture, such as the Villa Tugendhat, to be found in Brno. Thanks to the closeness to the border with Slovakia and a number of Slovak students, you are much more likely to hear the Slovak language in Brno than in other Czech cities like Ostrava, Plzeň, Ostrava (originally noted for being the "black" - coal-mining - city, but becoming greener in recent years), Plzeň (noted for its beer and industry), Liberec (originally a very German city, these days noted for [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Je%C5%A1t%C4%9Bd_Tower the transmitting tower and hotel on Ještěd]]), etc.




* Jára Cimrman. Despite being virtually unknown abroad, Cimrman's spirit looms large over Czech culture and popular consciousness. Born in Vienna,[[note]]which is in Austria and has always been in Austria[[/note]] he was the quintessential enterpreneurial, creative and hopelessly unsuccessful Czech underdog of the late Hapsburg period. He was an inventor, a writer, a playwright, a composer, a criminologist, and many other things. He also would have won the "Greatest Czech" poll held by the Czech TV in 2005 (following a template from BBC), were it not for the perfectly negligible technicality that he is completely and utterly fictional.

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* Jára Cimrman. Despite being virtually unknown abroad, Cimrman's spirit looms large over Czech culture and popular consciousness. Born in Vienna,[[note]]which is in Austria and has always been in Austria[[/note]] he was the quintessential enterpreneurial, entrepreneurial, creative and hopelessly unsuccessful Czech underdog of the late Hapsburg period. He was an inventor, a writer, a playwright, a composer, a criminologist, and many other things. He also would have won the "Greatest Czech" poll held by the Czech TV in 2005 (following a template from the BBC), were it not for the perfectly negligible technicality that he is completely and utterly fictional.fictional.
* Charles IV, Czech king and Holy Roman Emperor, who founded the first university in the country
* Druhá Tráva, an accoustic-sound band with its roots in bluegrass, popular even in the genre's birthplace



* Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, the first President of Czechoslovakia, philosopher and sociologist



* Jan Neruda, poet

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* Jan Neruda, poetpoet, writer and journalist



* Jan Švankmajer, animator and director

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* Jan Švankmajer, animator and film director


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* Jiří Trnka, artist, animator and film director
29th May '16 2:13:40 AM VAIAZ
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Added DiffLines:

* Jan Neruda, poet
3rd Apr '16 5:11:38 PM RisefromYourGrave
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* ''VideoGame/ForzaMotorsport 5'' has a racetrack in Prague. (Which would seem to be a typical case of BritainIsOnlyLondon, as the major racetracks in the Czech Republic are actually somewhere else.)

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* ''VideoGame/ForzaMotorsport ''VideoGame/{{Forza}} Motorsport 5'' has a racetrack in Prague. (Which would seem to be a typical case of BritainIsOnlyLondon, as the major racetracks in the Czech Republic are actually somewhere else.)
8th Mar '16 6:45:09 PM hamza678
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Before there were Slavs, there were Germanic tribes, and before there were Germanic tribes, there were Celtic tribes, which is where the name Bohemia for the Western part of the country [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemia#Etymology originally comes from]]. Blame the Romans. The first Slavic consollidated state in the approximate area was [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Moravia Great Moravia]], which is where the name for Moravia comes from, more or less.[[note]]Not really, because it's actually the name of a river, ''Morava'', but, well, let's simplify things.[[/note]] It was the Slavs of Great Moravia that Cyril and Methodius created [[Main/CyrillicAlphabet the not-yet-Cyrillic alphabet]] for. (And it hasn't been in use in the area for centuries.)

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Before there were Slavs, there were Germanic tribes, and before there were Germanic tribes, there were Celtic tribes, which is where the name Bohemia for the Western part of the country [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohemia#Etymology originally comes from]]. Blame the Romans. The first Slavic consollidated state in the approximate area was [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Moravia Great Moravia]], which is where the name for Moravia comes from, more or less.[[note]]Not really, because it's actually the name of a river, ''Morava'', but, well, let's simplify things.[[/note]] It was the Slavs of Great Moravia that Cyril and Methodius created [[Main/CyrillicAlphabet [[UsefulNotes/CyrillicAlphabet the not-yet-Cyrillic alphabet]] for. (And it hasn't been in use in the area for centuries.)
10th Feb '16 6:32:34 AM marmota-b
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[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohumil_Hrabal Bohumil Hrabal]], Saturnin or "Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk".

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[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bohumil_Hrabal Bohumil Hrabal]], Saturnin ''Literature/{{Saturnin}}'' or "Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk".
''Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk''.
2nd Feb '16 11:08:29 AM TheKaizerreich
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* Eva "HelloBoys" Herzigová, model

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* Eva "HelloBoys" "[[SexSells Hello Boys]]" Herzigová, model
21st Jan '16 2:10:34 PM Morgenthaler
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[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Cz-map.png]]

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[[quoteright:350:http://static.[[quoteright:330:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Cz-map.png]]
2nd Jan '16 9:26:06 PM jormis29
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Some video games have been developed in the Czech Republic, such as ''VideoGame/{{Mafia}}'', Hidden & Dangerous, ''VideoGame/{{Vietcong}}'', ''VideoGame/OperationFlashpoint'', ''VideoGame/{{ARMA}}'', ''VideoGame/EuroTruckSimulator'', ''VideoGame/HeroOfMany'', and ''VideoGame/KingdomComeDeliverance'' (which actually draws on some of the medieval history described above).

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Some video games have been developed in the Czech Republic, such as ''VideoGame/{{Mafia}}'', Hidden & Dangerous, ''VideoGame/{{Vietcong}}'', ''VideoGame/OperationFlashpoint'', ''VideoGame/OriginalWar'', ''VideoGame/{{ARMA}}'', ''VideoGame/EuroTruckSimulator'', ''VideoGame/HeroOfMany'', and ''VideoGame/KingdomComeDeliverance'' (which actually draws on some of the medieval history described above).
19th Dec '15 1:34:21 AM tropesinreadiness
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* Václav Havel, playwright and the first president of the country after the fall of Communism
* Jan Švankmajer, animator and director
* Creator/FranzKafka, author (wrote mostly in German)

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\n* Václav Havel, playwright and the first president Madeline Albright, U.S. Secretary of the country after the fall of Communism
* Jan Švankmajer, animator and director
* Creator/FranzKafka, author (wrote mostly in German)
State (1997-2001)



* Milan Kundera, contemporary author, who effectively renounced his Czech status, not that anyone cares

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* Milan Kundera, contemporary author, who effectively renounced his Jára Cimrman. Despite being virtually unknown abroad, Cimrman's spirit looms large over Czech status, culture and popular consciousness. Born in Vienna,[[note]]which is in Austria and has always been in Austria[[/note]] he was the quintessential enterpreneurial, creative and hopelessly unsuccessful Czech underdog of the late Hapsburg period. He was an inventor, a writer, a playwright, a composer, a criminologist, and many other things. He also would have won the "Greatest Czech" poll held by the Czech TV in 2005 (following a template from BBC), were it not for the perfectly negligible technicality that anyone careshe is completely and utterly fictional.
* Antoní­n Dvořák, world-famous composer (e.g. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mVERlJgghOY&feature=related "New World Symphony"]]) and RailEnthusiast Extraordinaire



* Václav Havel, playwright and the first president of the country after the fall of Communism
* Eva "HelloBoys" Herzigová, model
* Leoš Janáček, composer
* Creator/FranzKafka, author (wrote mostly in German)



* Milan Kundera, contemporary author, who effectively renounced his Czech status, not that anyone cares
* Alphonse Mucha, prominent Art Nouveau artist, patronized by college students everywhere
* Martina Navratilova, tennis player
* Olympic, a pop band with origins in TheSixties, with members like Peter Janda, Jiří Korn, František Ringo Čech, Pavel Bobek, and many others.
* Pavel Nedvěd, football player
* The Plastic People of the Universe, famous dissident rock band from TheSeventies
* Field Marshal Josef Radetzky, who became famous in Austrian service and is known for the famous march composed by Strauss to most people



* Antoní­n Dvořák, world-famous composer (e.g. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mVERlJgghOY&feature=related "New World Symphony"]]) and RailEnthusiast Extraordinaire
* Leoš Janáček, composer
* Field Marshal Josef Radetzky, who became famous in Austrian service and is known for the famous march composed by Strauss to most people
* The Plastic People of the Universe, famous dissident rock band from TheSeventies
* Olympic, another famous (pop) band with origins in TheSixties, with members like Peter Janda, Jiří Korn, František Ringo Čech, Pavel Bobek, and many others.
* Madeline Albright, U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001)
* Eva "HelloBoys" Herzigová, model
* Martina Navratilova, tennis player
* Pavel Nedvěd, football player
* Alphonse Mucha, prominent Art Nouveau artist, patronized by college students everywhere
* Josef Švejk (fictional), from the famous novel [[Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk The Good Soldier Švejk]] (pronounced roughly as "shveyk")

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* Antoní­n Dvořák, world-famous composer (e.g. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mVERlJgghOY&feature=related "New World Symphony"]]) Jan Švankmajer, animator and RailEnthusiast Extraordinaire
* Leoš Janáček, composer
* Field Marshal Josef Radetzky, who became famous in Austrian service and is known for the famous march composed by Strauss to most people
* The Plastic People of the Universe, famous dissident rock band from TheSeventies
* Olympic, another famous (pop) band with origins in TheSixties, with members like Peter Janda, Jiří Korn, František Ringo Čech, Pavel Bobek, and many others.
* Madeline Albright, U.S. Secretary of State (1997-2001)
* Eva "HelloBoys" Herzigová, model
* Martina Navratilova, tennis player
* Pavel Nedvěd, football player
* Alphonse Mucha, prominent Art Nouveau artist, patronized by college students everywhere
director
* Josef Švejk (fictional), from the famous novel [[Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk ''[[Literature/TheGoodSoldierSvejk The Good Soldier Švejk]] Švejk]]'' (pronounced roughly as "shveyk")



* Jára Cimrman - Despite being virtually unknown abroad, Cimrman's spirit looms large over Czech culture and popular consciousness. Born in Vienna [[note]]which is in Austria and has always been in Austria[[/note]], he was the quintessential enterpreneurial, creative and hoplessly unsuccessful Czech underdog of the late Hapsburg period. He was an inventor, a writer, a playwright, a composer, a criminologist, and many other things. He also would have won the "Greatest Czech" poll held by the Czech TV in 2005 (following a template from BBC), were it not for the perfectly negligible technicality that he is completely and utterly fictional.


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* Jára Cimrman - Despite being virtually unknown abroad, Cimrman's spirit looms large over Czech culture Creator/KarelZeman, film director and popular consciousness. Born in Vienna [[note]]which is in Austria and has always been in Austria[[/note]], he was the quintessential enterpreneurial, creative and hoplessly unsuccessful Czech underdog of the late Hapsburg period. He was an inventor, a writer, a playwright, a composer, a criminologist, and many other things. He also would have won the "Greatest Czech" poll held by the Czech TV in 2005 (following a template from BBC), were it not for the perfectly negligible technicality that he is completely and utterly fictional.

animator
6th Nov '15 6:39:38 AM modrapetka
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The official language is Czech, a Western Slavic language. It is mutually intelligible with Slovak, and, as with all Slavic languages, quite easy to learn if you know another Slavic language. (In the case of Czech, this is particularly true of the third major West Slavic language, [[UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} Polish]], which is almost but not quite mutually intelligible. Beware [[Main/InMyLanguageThatSoundsLike false]] [[Main/SeparatedByACommonLanguage friends]] between Slavic languages.[[note]]Especially between Russian and Czech, where usually neutral Eastern Slavic words have taken on negative meanings in Western Slavic languages.[[/note]]) Czech is one of the few phonetically written languages, which means that words are written pretty much exactly how they sound. The Czech sentence "Strč prst skrz krk" is considered one of the most difficult tongue-twisters on Earth. (Czechs are also, possibly, the nation that invented those weird tealeaves above letters, called diacritics, which definitely help Czech in being a phonetically written language.)

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The official language is Czech, a Western Slavic language. It is mutually intelligible with Slovak, and, as with all Slavic languages, quite easy to learn if you know another Slavic language. (In the case of Czech, this is particularly true of the third major West Slavic language, [[UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} Polish]], which is almost but not quite mutually intelligible. Beware [[Main/InMyLanguageThatSoundsLike false]] [[Main/SeparatedByACommonLanguage friends]] between Slavic languages.[[note]]Especially between Russian and Czech, where usually neutral Eastern Slavic words have taken on negative meanings in Western Slavic languages.[[/note]]) Czech is one of the few phonetically written languages, which means that words are written pretty much exactly how they sound. The Czech sentence "Strč prst skrz krk" (meaning "shove your finger through your neck") is considered one of the most difficult tongue-twisters on Earth. (Czechs are also, possibly, the nation that invented those weird tealeaves above letters, called diacritics, which definitely help Czech in being a phonetically written language.)
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